I’m a Research Professor in Migration Studies at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). My disciplinary background is in Geography, and my overarching research focus is on the dynamics of migration and transnationalism, in both contexts of emigration and of immigration. My research spans different categories of migrants, including refugees, labour migrants and return migrants, and includes the perspectives of migrants, non-migrant populations, and state actors in emigration and immigration contexts.

Expertise

Migration processes
Migration consequences (for migrants, sending and receiving countries)
Migration governance
Cross-cutting topics in migration research
Disciplines
Methods
Geographies

Roles

  • Peace Research Institute Oslo

    , Oslo, Norway
    Research Director & Research Professor

Research

Losing the Right to Stay: Revocation of immigrant residence permits and citizenship in Norway — Experiences and effects

Authors Brekke Jan-Paul, Simon Roland Birkvad, Marta Bivand Erdal
Description
In recent years, the Directorate of Immigration’s (UDI) handling of so-called revocation cases has received increased attention. These are cases where the authorities first grant residence permits and citizenship to migrants but later consider revoking these. Immigrants can have their right to stay in Norway revoked for a range of reasons, including having provided incorrect information when they were granted permits and in the case of refugees, because conditions improve in their home country. This report describes how those affected experience the process of revocation. The report is based on multiple data sources: statistics from the UDI’s data base; interviews with affected individuals from Afghanistan and Somalia, including representatives of their communities in Norway; and interviews with employees of the UDI and the police. After presenting descriptive statistics, we describe how the informants experienced the revocation process, including the effects of the revocation process on integration. Furthermore, we analyze how revocation affects the outlook and life strategies of those interviewed. This report provides a number of recommendations for improving the government’s handling of revocation, including developing a coherent communication strategy and reducing case processing time.
Year 2019
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1 Report

How citizenship matters (or not): the citizenship–belonging nexus explored among residents in Oslo, Norway

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal, Elin Martine Doeland, Ebba Tellander
Year 2018
Journal Name Citizenship Studies
Citations (WoS) 2
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2 Journal Article

Forced to leave? The discursive and analytical significance of describing migration as forced and voluntary

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal, Ceri Oeppen
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 6
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3 Journal Article

Do we have to agree? Accommodating unity in diversity in post-terror Norway

Authors Rojan Tordhol Ezzati, Marta Bivand Erdal
Year 2018
Journal Name Ethnicities
Citations (WoS) 3
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4 Journal Article

Immigration and membership politics in Western Europe

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal
Year 2017
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
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5 Journal Article

Transnational Islamic charity as everyday rituals

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal, Kaja Borchgrevink
Year 2017
Journal Name Global Networks
Citations (WoS) 3
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6 Journal Article

Dismantling diasporas: rethinking geographies of diasporic identity, connection and development

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal
Year 2017
Journal Name Social & Cultural Geography
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7 Journal Article

Liquid migration, grounded lives: considerations about future mobility and settlement among Polish and Spanish migrants in Norway

Authors Susanne Bygnes, Marta Bivand Erdal
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 27
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8 Journal Article

Return Imaginaries and Political Climate: Comparing Thinking About Return Mobilities Among Pakistani Origin Migrants and Descendants in Norway and the UK

Authors Marta Bolognani, Marta Bivand Erdal
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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9 Journal Article

Going Back to Pakistan for Education? The Interplay of Return Mobilities, Education, and Transnational Living

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal, Anum Amjad, Qamar Zaman Bodla, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 7
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10 Journal Article

Migration for welfare: nurses within three regimes of immigration and integration into the Norwegian welfare state

Principal investigator Marie Louise Seeberg (Principal Investigator), Marta Bivand Erdal (), Jørgen Carling (), Aslaug Gotehus (), Elzbieta Gozdziak (), Izabella Main (), Marek Pawlak (), Hans Christian Sandlie (), Taylor Vaughn ()
Description
WELLMIG innovatively brings together the perspectives that migrants not only depend on, but also make significant contributions to the welfare state. On the one hand, nurses - male and female - with education from their countries of origin contribute directly to the institutions of a Norwegian welfare state in need of hands to take care of an aging population. On the other hand, they also gain rights of access to benefits and welfare provisions. The combination of these two aspects brings to centre stage some of the dilemmas that arise when the welfare state encounters the globalisation of labour. We propose to study the different pathways of Polish, Swedish and Filipino nurses into the Norwegian labour market and society, examining the impact of mobility regimes on migrants' lives. Comparing Scandinavian, EU, and non-EU migrants, we will explore how and when migration, gender, race and ethnicity matter, and bring together regimes of immigration and integration in a mutually informative way. The comparison offers the opportunity to examine the impact of these regimes on migrants' integration into work and society in Norway. The project also expands the concept of work-life balance across the life course and takes into account transnational lives. We plan for consistency and comparison across different fieldwork sites. Our methodology comprises mixed methods and multi-sited fieldwork, including fieldwork in sending states. While the issue of nurse migration is highly policy relevant, it raises theoretical questions of central concern to the social sciences, regarding the mutual relations between individuals and structures, between the transnational and the national, and between dimensions of power, identity, equality and difference. Applying an intersectional perspective on gender, migrancy and class, we will study how immigration and integration policies are shaped and interplay, and how they affect migrants' choices and experiences.
Year 2016
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11 Project

Juxtaposing Pakistani diaspora policy with migrants’ transnational citizenship practices

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal
Year 2016
Journal Name Geoforum
Citations (WoS) 5
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12 Journal Article

‘Where are you from’ or ‘when did you come’? Temporal dimensions in migrants' reflections about settlement and return

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal, Rojan Ezzati
Year 2015
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
Citations (WoS) 24
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13 Journal Article

Possibilities and Realities of Return Migration

Authors Jørgen Carling, Marta Bolognani, Marta Bivand Erdal, ...
Description
This report presents insights from the research project Possibilities and Realities of Return Migration (PREMIG), funded by the Research Council of Norway and led by the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). Over a five-year period, a core group of eight researchers in Norway and the United Kingdom studied return migration from multiple perspectives. They drew upon statistical analyses and face-to-face interaction with more than five hundered migrants and returnees in seven countries.
Year 2015
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14 Report

Private money, public scrutiny? Contrasting perspectives on remittances

Authors CINDY HORST, MARTA BIVAND ERDAL, JØRGEN CARLING, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name Global Networks
Citations (WoS) 9
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15 Journal Article

Beyond the insider–outsider divide in migration research

Authors Jorgen Carling, Marta Bivand Erdal, Rojan Ezzati, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 32
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16 Journal Article

Transnational Lives in the Welfare State

Principal investigator Jørgen Carling (Project Leader), Amanda Cellini (), Cathrine Talleraas (), Elin Martine Doeland (), Erik Snel (), Godfried Engbersen (), Grete Brochmann (), Lubomiła Korzeniewska (), Marta Bivand Erdal ()
Description
A growing number of people live partly in one country and partly in another, for instance splitting work and leisure between two countries, spending part of the year in each, or living mainly in a country other than the one that provides social security. We call such lives 'transnational lives'. Some people are able to spend a lot of time in each country every year. Others are limited by work or children's school, for instance, but invest time and resources in both countries. We are interested in transnational living because it concerns what it means to be part of a society, and because it as an aspect of globalization. We believe that more knowledge can help develop better policies and help reduce unnecessary bureaucratic frustrations. It is also essential for the welfare state to find ways of accommodating the fact that many people live partly witihin it and partly outside it. The project carried out by researchers in Norway and the Netherlands. Research within the project will explore transnatinal lives that are lived partly in one of these two countries and partly in another country.
Year 2014
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17 Project

Migrant Transnationalism and Multi-Layered Integration: Norwegian-Pakistani Migrants' Own Reflections

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal
Year 2013
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 23
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18 Journal Article

Migrant Balancing Acts: Understanding the Interactions Between Integration and Transnationalism

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal, Ceri Oeppen
Year 2013
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 84
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19 Journal Article

How does Conflict in Migrants’ Country of Origin Affect Remittance-Sending? Financial Priorities and Transnational Obligations among Somalis and Pakistanis in Norway

Authors Jørgen Carling, Marta Bivand Erdal, Cindy Horst
Year 2012
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 25
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20 Journal Article

Who is the Money for? Remittances within and beyond the Household in Pakistan

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal
Year 2012
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Citations (WoS) 11
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21 Journal Article

Who is the Money for? Remittances within and beyond the Household in Pakistan

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal
Year 2012
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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22 Journal Article

Possibilities and realities of return migration: perspectives on integration, exclusion and withdrawal

Principal investigator Jørgen Carling (Principal Investigator), Marta Bivand Erdal (Project Member), Rojan Ezzati (Project Member), Marta Bolognani (Project Member), Ceri Oeppen (Project Member), Erlend Paasche (Project Member), Silje Vatne Pettersen (Project Member), Tove Heggli Sagmo (Project Member), Jennifer Wu (Project Member)
Description
REMIG is guided by four research questions: 1. How do immigrants in various situations reflect upon and decide about return migration? 2. How does the possibility of return interact with A) integration in the country of residence and B) transnational relationships? 3. How can we understand and explain the patterns of actual return among immigrants? 4. How is return migration experienced by return migrants and the communities to which they return?
Year 2011
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23 Project

Contributing to Development? Transnational Activities among Tamils in Norway

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal, K Stokke
Year 2009
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Citations (WoS) 4
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24 Journal Article

Legal, Rapid and Reasonably Priced? A Survey of Remittance Services in Norway

Authors Jørgen Carling, Marta Bivand Erdal, Cindy Horst, ...
Description
What opportunities do immigrants in Norway have for sending money to their countries of origin? To answer that question, this report examines the various services on offer in the Norwegian market. Focusing on transfers to twelve specific countries, the report compares the availability of different services, as well as their price and quality. The countries covered are Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile, Iraq, Kenya, Lithuania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, Poland, Somalia and Vietnam. The services examined include regular bank transfers, money-transfer services, web-based transfers and so-called hawala services. In recent years, research on remittances has highlighted the importance of transfer mechanisms. The way in which money is sent determines how much of the original amount reaches the recipients, and affects how the money enters the local economy. For some immigrants, the lack of regular remittance services to their country of origin compels them to use services that may be illegal. The research presented here has various audiences. First, it is intended to inform government policy in the field of remittances. Second, the report may help remittance senders understand their options and make well-informed choices. Third, the analysis can assist private-sector businesses to develop better remittance services. The report has been funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad). The research it contains is linked with PRIO’s broader research activity in the fields of migrant remittances and transnationalism. The findings of this report are also presented at the website www.sendepenger.no.
Year 2007
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25 Report
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