Migration data

Migration research relies on a wide variety of data sources. This topic deals with  the types of data that are used for migration research purposes and beyond. It includes critical reflections and discussion about the construction of quantitative and qualitative categories, measures and indicators in migration studies. Literature discussing the challenges and biases of data collection and analysis is also included in this topic. 

Studies listed under this category include literature on migration statistics and datasets, migration information systems, migration estimates, as well as determinants and indicators of migration.

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Migration Statistics in Europe: A Core Component of Governance and Population Research

Authors David Reichel, Albert Kraler, Han Entzinger
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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1 Book Chapter

Using administrative data to improve the estimation of immigration to local areas in England

Authors Peter Boden, Phil Rees
Year 2010
Journal Name Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society)
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2 Journal Article

Data Sets on International Migration

Authors Sabine Henning, Bela Hovy
Year 2011
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 8
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3 Journal Article

Eurostat International Migration statistics: Emigration

Description
This domain comprises series of long-term international emigration during the reference year. Data related to emigrants are disaggregated by age group, sex, citizenship or country of next usual residence. Since 2008 the emigration data by single age by country of birth are also available. **Emigration** denotes the action by which a person, having previously been usually resident in the territory of a Member State, ceases to have his or her usual residence in that Member State for a period that is, or is expected to be, of at least 12 months. **Citizenship** is defined as the particular legal bond between an individual and his/her State, acquired by birth or naturalization, whether by declaration, choice, marriage or other means according to national legislation. **Country of birth** is defined as the country of residence (in its current borders, if the information is available) of the mother at the time of the birth or, in default, the country (in its current borders, if the information is available) in which the birth took place. The starting years of emigration data vary depending on the breakdown: by age and sex - from 1990, by citizenship and by country of next usual residence - from 1998, and by country of birth from 2008. Data until 2008 were collected on the basis of a gentleman's agreement. From 2008 onwards the annual migration data collection is under the requirements of Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics on migration and international protection. Table codeDescription migr_emi1ctzEmigration by age group, sex and citizenship migr_emi2Emigration by age and sex migr_emi3nxtEmigration by age group, sex and country of next usual residence migr_emi4ctbEmigration by age group, sex and country of birth
Year 1990
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4 Data Set

Statistical data collection on migration in Russia

Authors Irina IVAKHNYUK, Vladimir IONTSEV
Description
Migration data collection within Russia has significantly improved in recent years. A set of laws and administrative decrees launched in 2002-2010 have updated the system of migrant registration and have improved communication channels between data collecting administrative bodies (Ministry of Interior, Federal Migration Service, Border Service, etc.) and the Federal Statistical Service of the Russian Federation (Rosstat). In 2009, the elaboration of the Integrated System of Migration Data (Gosudarstvennaya Informatsionnaya Systema Migratsionnogo Ucheta - GISMU) was finalized. Its core is the Centralized databank on foreign nationals (Centralny bank dannykh ucheta inostrannykh grajdan - CBDUIG) that carries both personal and statistical information. Collection of migration data focuses mainly on migrants' flows, while data on migrant stocks are an object for population censuses only. Russian statistical sources usually separate data on migration exchange with the post-Soviet countries (CIS & Baltic countries and Georgia) (novoye zarubejye) from data on all other countries (staroye zarubejye). This division is fundamental because of differences in migration flows between Russia and the two groups of countries in terms of nature, scale, structure, as well as the migration regulations applied.
Year 2011
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5 Report

Migration from Central and Eastern Europe to Turkey

Authors Tuğba Acar, Deniz Karcı Korfalı
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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6 Book Chapter

Advancing knowledge on international migration : data and research needs

Authors Philippe FARGUES
Description
From the sheer numbers of migrants to the complex processes that set people on the move and the multiple changes they bring to both origin and destination countries, international migration suffers considerable deficits of knowledge. As international migration connects each country of the world with all the others, addressing knowledge gaps will require international consensus on definitions and methods of data collection. There is a long way to go before this most challenging objective will be reached. The current study describes some of the steps that need to be taken. Defining international migration A proper assessment of international migration data at the world level must be based on a systematic inventory of what exists and what does not in each country. For lack of such an inventory, this report provides an overview assessment of the various criteria used by public administrations to define and produce data on international migration. Documenting international migration Data are generally collected by national administrations to serve their own needs and not those of scientific research or evidence-based policymaking, with the result that data on international migration are too often insufficient and lacking in quality. Policymakers often lack the minimal statistical evidence necessary to make informed decisions, while academics lack the basic data needed for scientific research. This report identifies key issues that should be addressed to improve migration data for policymaking and scientific research. These include: disentangling migrants from travellers and differentiating between short-term mobility and migration; matching entry and exit data; counting emigrants, i.e. absent individuals; counting circular, seasonal and temporary migrants; and measuring irregular migration. These issues often require ad hoc measurement methods such as specialized surveys. Mapping research on international migration Research addresses the causes of international migration, the process of migration itself as well as its consequences; it does so in the countries of origin and destination, as well as in the transnational space spanning origin and destination. This paper outlines 7 priority areas for research on international migration: Determinants of migration in countries of origin; Pull factors in countries of destination; Linkages between countries of origin and destination; Migration stages; Emigrants, as actors of change in countries of origin; The inclusion of migrants and their contribution to development in destination countries; And finally, the global consequences of migration. Conclusions To significantly improve our understanding of international migration, including its multiple determinants, complex processes and diverse impacts, the following challenges need to be addressed: All countries should acknowledge that international migration is defined; by border crossing. Equating immigrants with foreign citizens confuses a geographic notion with a legal one and indirectly serves policies of exclusion; All countries should agree on producing population data by detailed country of birth using the same unified list of world countries; International organizations should make all possible efforts to extend the coverage of migration surveys to all the countries that host sizeable migrant populations in the Global North as well as in the Global South; The scientific community should organize itself at a global level to develop and disseminate methodologies to fill the huge knowledge gaps that are the result of the currently patchy, mostly administrative data.
Year 2018
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7 Report

Explaining trends in UK immigration

Authors Timothy J. Hatton
Year 2005
Journal Name Journal of Population Economics
Citations (WoS) 39
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8 Journal Article

Eurostat International Migration statistics: Immigration

Description
This domain comprises series of long-term international immigration during the reference year. Data related to immigrants are disaggregated by age group, sex, citizenship, country of previous residence and level of human development of the country (of birth and previous usual residence). Since 2008 immigration data by single age and by country of birth are also available. **Immigration** denotes the action by which a person establishes his or her usual residence in the territory of a Member State for a period that is, or is expected to be, of at least 12 months, having previously been usually resident in another Member State or a third country. **Citizenship** is defined as the particular legal bond between an individual and his/her State, acquired by birth or naturalization, whether by declaration, choice, marriage or other means according to national legislation. Country of birth is defined as the country of residence (in its current borders, if the information is available) of the mother at the time of the birth or, in default, the country (in its current borders, if the information is available) in which the birth took place. **Level of development** is defined as the relative degree of development of a country as defined by statistical measures of three basis dimensions - health, education and standard of living The starting years of immigration data vary depending on the breakdown: by age and sex - from 1990, by citizenship and by country of previous residence - from 1998 and by country of birth -from 2008. Data until 2008 were collected on the basis of a gentleman's agreement. From 2008 onwards the annual migration data collection is under the requirements of Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics on migration and international protection. Table codeDescription migr_imm10ctbImmigration by age group, sex and level of human development of the country of birth migr_imm11prvImmigration by age group, sex and level of human development of the country of previous residence migr_imm1ctzImmigration by age group, sex and citizenship migr_imm2ctzImmigration by age, sex and broad group of citizenship migr_imm3ctbImmigration by age group, sex and country of birth migr_imm4ctbImmigration by age, sex and broad group of country of birth migr_imm5prvImmigration by age group, sex and country of previous residence migr_imm6ctzImmigration by sex, citizenship and broad group of country of birth migr_imm7ctbImmigration by sex, country of birth and broad group of citizenship migr_imm8Immigration by age and sex migr_imm9ctzImmigration by age group, sex and level of human development of the country of citizenship
Year 1990
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12 Data Set

Exploring the use of mobile phone data for national migration statistics

Authors Shengjie Lai, Elisabeth Zu Erbach-Schoenberg, Andrew J. Tatem, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name PALGRAVE COMMUNICATIONS
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15 Journal Article

ILO global estimates on migrant workers

Description
Labour migration data for selected Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries, which cover indicators on international migrant stock, international migrant flow and nationals abroad. Special collections: the dataset covers additional data available from the ILO that are collected on a less frequent basis.
Year 1998
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17 Data Set

The increasing use of detention of asylum seekers and irregular migrants in the EU

Authors Carmine Conte, Valentina Savazzi, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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19 Policy Brief

Happiness and International Migration

Authors Linnea A. Polgreen, Nicole B. Simpson
Year 2011
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HAPPINESS STUDIES
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20 Journal Article

Dutch International Migration Statistics, 1820–1880: An Analysis of Linked Multinational Nominal Files

Authors Robert P. Swierenga
Year 1981
Journal Name International Migration Review
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23 Journal Article

International Labour Migration Statistics (ILMS) Database in ASEAN

Description
The International Labour Migration Statistics (ILMS) Database in ASEAN is the first of its kind in the region. It provides a coherent and powerful research tool for policymakers and others to profile and monitor the international migrant labour force within the region. The ILMS Database gathers together a range of statistical sources relating to international migrants and international migrant workers in the ten ASEAN Member States in order to fill an important knowledge gap.
Year 2015
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28 Data Set

The Troublesome Gulf: Research on Migration to the Middle East

Authors Manolo Abella
Year 1992
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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30 Journal Article

Is Spain Becoming a Country of Emigration Again? Data Evidence and Public Responses

Authors Elisa Brey, Anastasia Bermudez
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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32 Book Chapter

The new immigrants Global trends in migration towards OECD countries between 2000/01 and 2015/16

Authors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Year 2019
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34 Policy Brief

Emigration Rates From Sample Surveys: An Application to Senegal

Authors Frans Willekens, Sabine Zinn, Matthias Leuchter
Year 2017
Journal Name Demography
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35 Journal Article

Immigration Statistics for the Twenty-First Century

Authors DS MASSEY
Year 2010
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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36 Journal Article

The Philippine National Recording Systems on International Migration

Authors Benjamin V. Cariño
Year 1987
Journal Name International Migration Review
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38 Journal Article

Immigration and internal migration “flight”: A California case study

Authors William H. Frey
Year 1995
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 46
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39 Journal Article

Two new datasets on south-north migration by occupational category

Authors Nina Neubecker
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANPOWER
Citations (WoS) 2
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40 Journal Article

The collection of statistical data on migration in Azerbaijan

Authors Arif YUNUSOV
Description
In the post-Soviet period in Azerbaijan?especially in the 90?s due to war with Armenia, and the political chaos and economic collapse after the breakup of the USSR? serious problems surrounding the statistical records of migration processes arose on the part of the State Statistical Committee (Goskomstat), the main department in this sphere in the republic. Subsequently, the situation involving records of population movement began to improve. However, problems remained. And they were largely connected to the fact that during this period in Azerbaijan, there were many other government departments besides Goskomstat working on issues related to population migration statistics: the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Population, the State Committee on Refugee Affairs and Internally Displaced Persons, the State Committee on the Affairs of Azerbaijanis Living Abroad, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of National Security (MNS), the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education. Each of the above ministries and committees had a special department that poorly coordinated with the others on this issue. Only in recent years has the situation started to change a little for the better, especially after the creation of the State Migration Service (SMS) in 2007, which has a mandated function to merge state control over migration processes, including statistical records. But this process is in its early stages and for now more than 80% of the statistical data on population migration is still administered by Goskomstat.
Year 2013
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42 Report

OECD International Migration Statistics

Authors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Description
The database contains data on foreign and foreign-born population, migration flows, naturalisations and labour market outcomes.
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46 Data Set

Consistent Correction of International Migration Data for Sri Lanka, 1971–81

Authors Norman Y. Luther, K.H.W. Gaminiratne, Soma de Silva, ...
Year 1987
Journal Name International Migration Review
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47 Journal Article

Estimation of international migration in post-Soviet republics

Authors Shushanik MAKARYAN
Year 2015
Journal Name International Migration
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48 Journal Article

Migration and Immigrants in Europe: A Historical and Demographic Perspective

Authors Helga de Valk, Christof Van Mol
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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49 Book Chapter

Migrant Integration Policies, Perceived Group Threat and Generalized trust: a Case of European Countries

Authors Alexander Tatarko, Tomas Jurcik
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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50 Journal Article

Research-Policy Dialogues in the European Union

Authors Marthe Achtnich, Andrew Geddes
Year 2015
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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51 Book Chapter

Towards a Migration Information System in Asia: Statistics and the Public Discourse on International Migration

Authors Jerrold W. Huguet
Year 2008
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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52 Journal Article

Modelling International Migration Flows by Integrating Multiple Data Sources

Authors Emanuele Del Fava, Arkadiusz Wiśniowsk, Emilio Zagheni
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54 Journal Article

Binnenwanderung im internationalen Kontext

Principal investigator Nikola Sander (Principal Investigator), Heiko Rüger (Principal Investigator), Nico Stawarz (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Das Projekt beschäftigt sich mit den Wanderungsmotiven, den sozio-demografischen Eigenschaften von wandernden Personen und den Auswirkungen von Binnenwanderung auf die regionale Bevölkerungsentwicklung. Ein zentraler Aspekt ist die Untersuchung von Wanderungen zwischen städtischen und ländlichen Regionen sowie deren Auswirkungen auf die regionale Entwicklung. Die räumlichen Muster der Binnenwanderung in Deutschland seit der Wiedervereinigung werden mittels Melderegisterdaten analysiert. Die Untersuchung von bildungs-, berufs- und familienbedingten Wanderungsmotiven und soziodemografischen Charakteristika der Wandernden erfolgt mit Hilfe des Mikrozensus und Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP)."
Year 2017
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56 Project

The Effect of Visas on Migration Processes

Authors Mathias Czaika, Hein de Haas
Year 2017
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 18
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57 Journal Article

Malaysia

Authors Vijayakumari Kanapathy
Year 2008
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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58 Journal Article

Poland’s Perspective on the Intra-European Movement of Poles. Implications and Governance Responses

Authors Marta Kindler
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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60 Book Chapter

EU Integration & Emigration Consequences: The Case of Lithuania

Authors Laura Thaut
Year 2009
Journal Name International Migration
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61 Journal Article

Does International Migration Affect Political Participation? Evidence from Multiple Data Sources across Mexican Municipalities, 1990–2013

Authors Lauren Duquette-Rury, Zhenxiang Chen
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 1
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62 Journal Article

International Migration Statistics in Mexico

Authors Manuel García y Griego
Year 1987
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 2
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63 Journal Article

International Migration and the Education of Children: Evidence from Lima, Peru

Authors Verónica Frisancho Robles, R. S. Oropesa
Year 2011
Journal Name Population Research and Policy Review
Citations (WoS) 12
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64 Journal Article

The Nature and Scope of International Migration Data in Nigeria

Authors Paulina Makinwa-Adebusoye
Year 1987
Journal Name International Migration Review
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65 Journal Article

Subsequent Migration of Immigrants Within Australia, 1981–2016

Authors James Raymer, Bernard Baffour
Year 2018
Journal Name Population Research and Policy Review
Citations (WoS) 1
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70 Journal Article

Determinants of International Migration (DEMIG) TOTAL

Description
Data on migration policy changes, migration and emigration flows and bilateral migration flows. DEMIG TOTAL: reports immigration, emigration and net migration flows for up to 161 countries covering various periods of time from the early 1800s to 2011, disaggregating total flows of citizens and foreigners whenever possible. The dataset allows for quantitative analysis of the long-term evolution of international migration.
Year 1800
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71 Data Set

Statistical data collection on migration in Georgia

Authors Mirian TUKHASHVILI
Description
The national recording system for international migration in Georgia is essentially unregulated. This is due both to the complexity of migration registration and by the grave situation in the country at the time of statistics reform in Georgia. Unfortunately, in the post-Soviet years, with economic collapse and political chaos statistical registration in the country was disrupted and even if social and economic recovery started only recently there, statistics were not relevant to the contemporary situation. As to migration flows, the strict registration of people?s movement was still in effect in the first years of the post-Soviet period. Statistical services received tags from so-called ?registration sheets.? Migrants could not change their place of residence without applying to the passport service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Liberalization of people?s movement given the absence of a population register made the process of registration unmanageable. Today, few changes have been implemented to improve the data collection system. The legal basis of official statistics is extremely weak. The current law on statistics is a copy of other countries? laws. It is imperfect and does not provide the necessary information, not allowing that information to be obtained or processed properly. The abolition of statistical services in administrative regions in order to ?economize? on staff and to reduce expenses on statistics substantially worsened the obtaining of primary statistical information being Georgia characterized by sharp regional differences. It is unfortunate that current statistical service is more oriented to the demands of consumers outside the country. The statistics reflecting the situation inside the country does not come close to the demands of scientists Linkages between the Department of Statistics of Georgia and academic circles are very weak. Against a background of general reforms, the reforms made in the system of statistics are ineffective. Its personnel are few and frequently poorly motivated. It is obvious that the statistical service is in need of legal, organizational and structural reform with functional expansion and better human resources.
Year 2011
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72 Report

Research on Ukrainian Migration to Spain: Moving Beyond the Exploratory Approach

Authors Renáta Hosnedlová, Mikołaj Stanek, Elisa Brey
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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73 Book Chapter

Every Immigrant Is an Emigrant: How Migration Policies Shape the Paths to Integration

Principal investigator Luicy Pedroza (Principal Investigator)
Description
Research Questions Every immigrant to a country is the emigrant of another. For the contemporary migrant, the migration policies in both countries of origin and countries of destination define their options to enter, settle and belong to them. Our 3-year project seeks to adopt a comprehensive view of migration policy that includes both its emigrant/emigration and immigrant/immigration sides, bridging for the first time the two sides of migration policy which both the policy and research communities have assumed to exist, but which have not been analyzed in their connections. To wit, our question is: how does policy offer or hinder a path for migrants to become or remain an integral part of the polity? Our theoretical framework will bridge the stages of entry, residency, and access to citizenship and look for patterns of how states manage the process of migrant inclusion in or exclusion from the polity. We will gather cross-regional evidence on the variety and depth of policy configurations governing migration trajectories. With these data we will chart the connections between policies of mobility, settlement and belonging, keeping an eye to underlying principles structuring them, and possibly to threads of coherence across the “two sides”. Using a comparative area study angle, we seek to develop a broadened perspective on the migration policy landscape. Thus, we will look at cases from Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia to cover a wide breadth of migratory profiles, institutional contexts and, thanks to that variety, to uncover noteworthy innovations. We hope to refine a theoretical model that can be later piloted in studies for some states in other regions such as Africa and the Middle East, where conflict and limited state capacities have presented challenges to empirical investigations on migration policies. The project’s overarching research question is: How do policies define the chances of immigrants/emigrants to become/remain an integral part of their receiving and sending polities? The partial research questions that we aim to answer are: What are the migration policies of the countries under study across three world regions? How are those migration policies linked to each other (i.e. immigration policy, immigrant policy, access to citizenship, emigration policy, emigrant policies, and retention of citizenship for emigrants)? Are overarching principles observable through the configurations of policies? Is there coherence between policies? What is the interaction that occurs within policy configurations over time? How are guiding principles of migration policy created and institutionalised? Which guiding principles for migration policy are balanced in distinct policy mixes? Contribution to International Research Only recently have a few scholars realised how crucial the “policy nexus” is between “admission”, “settlement” and “access to citizenship” policies. So far, these policies have been studied separately. The first important lacuna this project aims to cover is to look at the intricate links between these policies which roughly correspond to the state regulating the (ideal) stages of migration from mobility to settlement. Of course, not all migrants have the intention to settle and become citizens somewhere else, but we want to look at policies from the perspective of the possibilities they open to migrants to do so, shall migrants want to. We want to see for whom are those paths of entry, settlement and citizenship open, and for whom are truncated and when. Next, what is still missing from the picture of migration policies in international research is to look at the emigration side of policy. We know much about the different policies that regulate immigration. However, in this project we also want to consider the policies that regulate emigration, the rights of emigrants, and their retention of citizenship. By covering this second lacuna it will be possible for us to consider two sides of migration policy in different countries and ask questions of coherence across those two sides. A third lacuna is that we know little about these policies beyond the Western “usual suspects”. Yet, by definition, migration issues span across countries and regions, and our grasp of policy models and options remains poor if we do not take into account a wide range of policies that are decisive along the path from emigration to access to citizenship. Moreover, much innovation in emigration policies emanates from developing countries. Thus, a broad, cross-regional scope is crucial to reveal the range of variations among migration policy configurations. Firmly rooted in comparative area studies, this project aims at gaining policy-relevant insights on this important migration policy nexus. Research Design and Methods To answer the overarching research question we will combine methods of data collection and analysis across three concatenated phases, each refining the partial descriptive and explanatory questions. In the first phase we will create a dataset on the migration policies which will combine existing data and gather additional information for policies not yet surveyed. The dataset will let us explore policy configurations and their relation to variables that define migration systems in a global scale. In turn, these analyses will be the basis on which we will select cases for the second phase of the project: a comparative cross-regional study of up to six cases. In this second phase we will trace the evolution of different policy configurations. After these two phases are completed, the knowledge and explanations generated can be tested on other pilot cases and we will be able to work on policy implications. Preliminary Results The team, consisting now of the three core researchers, plus our highly motivated student assistants is busy compiling the information on emigrant, emigration, immigration, immigrant policies and citizenship policies for both immigrants and emigrants in close to 30 countries. We are looking forward to complete this data collection towards the end of 2018. For the moment, the data questionnaire we are using to compile the information systematically is already a contribution to the comparative study of migration policies, as it has consolidated the questionnaires used for other existing datasets created in recent years for different parts of the comprehensive policy scenario we are putting together. It involved an exhaustive exercise of study of the complementarities and overlaps in these other efforts by colleagues in the discipline. Our data collection tool will be published online by GIGA with an open access license to serve the academic and policy communities by the end of the summer 2018. Also, we have started to give visibility to our project through participations in several international conferences and we have inaugurated our presence in social networks, seeking to reach out to the academic and policy communities interested in migration policies across countries.
Year 2017
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74 Project

Problems of Migrant Integration in Ukraine

Authors Oleksii POZNIAK
Description
The paper assesses opportunities and develops proposals for the integration of immigrants, as well as the adaptation of re-emigrants – long-term Ukrainian labour migrants returning home. An analysis of immigration to Ukraine has been carried out on the basis of: the 2001 population census; the current registering of migration processes; and also administrative sources of information. These sources include material from the Ministry of the Interior of Ukraine, the State Migration Service of Ukraine, the State Employment Service of the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine, the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sports of Ukraine, as well as data from special sampling surveys, including those held under the author’s guidance. The paper considers three specific migration groups in Ukraine: ‘non-traditional’ immigrants; the ‘Soviet Diaspora’; and long-term labour emigrants. An assessment has been made of ‘non-traditional’ immigrants in Ukraine and the prospects for their integration. A bilateral approach was here employed – the comparison of opinions from Ukrainian citizens and from foreigners on the basis of student youth surveys (including foreign students). It has been demonstrated that the frequency of contacts between immigrants and the receiving society is an important integration mechanism. An assessment has been made of the conditions of long-term Ukrainian migrants in recipient countries with the conclusion that these conditions are not significantly different from the conditions of short- and medium-term migrants. Particular attention has been paid to the ‘Soviet Diaspora,’ thus far practically untouched by scholarly publications in Ukraine. It is shown that the Soviet Diaspora in Ukraine (and other former USSR republics) has certain features sharply distinguishing it from ‘diaspora’ in the classical sense. An attempt has been made to define the term, develop the criteria to limit the reference groups and to assess the dimensions of the Soviet Diaspora. An analysis of current Ukrainian immigration policies has been given. Policy recommendations for perfecting Ukrainian state policy in the field of immigration, immigrants’ integration and the reintegration of returning long-term Ukrainian labour migrants have been formulated as well.
Year 2012
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75 Report

Interstate migration of the US poverty population: Immigration “pushes” and welfare magnet “pulls”

Authors William H. Frey, Kao-Lee Liaw, Yu Xie, ...
Year 1996
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 31
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76 Journal Article

Migration of Ukrainian Nationals to Italy: Women on the Move

Authors Francesca Alice Vianello
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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77 Book Chapter

Corridor report on the United Kingdom : the immigration, emigration and diaspora policies' effects on integration : Chinese and Indian migrants in the UK

Authors Anne UNTERREINER
Description
This paper presents the first results of the INTERACT project on Chinese and Indian migrants in the United Kingdom (UK). It is based on the data gathered by the project using a mixed method of data collection and analysis. We identify the policies of the states of origin (India and China) and destination (the UK), their implementation and their impact on migrants’ integration paths in the UK. In this paper, we first present an overview of the evolution of Chinese and Indian migration flows to the UK, and then present the current policy frameworks at both destination and origin, before analysing how they affect the integration trends of Chinese and Indian migrants in the UK. Even though contemporary Indian migrants – and to an even greater extent, Chinese migrants – living in the UK are highly skilled migrants, they do not automatically integrate into British society. Although Chinese migrants are better educated than Indian migrants, fewer hold a British passport, and more are unemployed. The position of Chinese and Indian migrants in British society seems to be the consequence of the combination of the origin and destination countries’ policies. These policies indeed influence current and past migration flows, namely through entry conditions to the UK, and exit policies at origin. In addition, both the year of arrival and the duration of stay impact migrants’ integration. Since the migration flows from India are older than those from the People’s Republic of China (PRC), Indian migrants speak better English than Chinese migrants and more often own a home, hold a British passport and identify as British. State policies at destination and origin also affect the way that migrant communities are organized and integrated into mainstream society. Chinese migrants, who in recent years have mainly been students, have more connections with the PRC than Indian migrants do with their state of origin since new Chinese civil society organisations based in the UK have close ties with the Chinese State. These associations are also aware of Chinese migrants’ potential difficulties with integration, and thus try to counterbalance it. Destination and origin policies can thus affect migrants’ opportunity structures differently over time and have both a direct and indirect effect on migrant integration in the long run.
Year 2015
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78 Report

Analyzing intra-regional migration in Sub-Saharan Africa: Statistical data constraints and the role for regional organizations

Authors Stefano degli Uberti, Philippe De Lombaerde, Sonja Nita, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name Regions and Cohesion
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79 Journal Article

Ukrainian Migration to Greece: from Irregular Work to Settlement, Family Reunification and Return

Authors Marina Nikolova, Michaela Maroufof
Year 2016
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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80 Book Chapter

Interstate Migration and Employer-to-Employer Transitions in the United States: New Evidence From Administrative Records Data

Authors Henry Hyatt, Henry Hyatt, Erika McEntarfer, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name Demography
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81 Journal Article

Do Rainfall Deficits Predict U.S.-Bound Migration from Rural Mexico? Evidence from the Mexican Census

Authors Raphael J. Nawrotzki, Fernando Riosmena, Lori M. Hunter
Year 2013
Journal Name Population Research and Policy Review
Citations (WoS) 51
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82 Journal Article

Trends and patterns of post-communist migration from Russia to New Zealand since the 1990s

Authors Oksana Opara
Year 2017
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
83 Journal Article

Counting Migrants' Deaths at the Border: From Civil Society Counterstatistics to (Inter)Governmental Recuperation

Authors Charles Heller, Antoine Pecoud
Year 2020
Journal Name AMERICAN BEHAVIORAL SCIENTIST
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
84 Journal Article

Crossing Boundaries: Internal, Regional and International Migration in Cameroon

Authors Blessing Uchenna Mberu, Roland Pongou
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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85 Journal Article

Earthquake Impacts on Immigrant Participation in the Greater Christchurch Construction Labor Market

Authors Sin Meun How, Geoffrey N. Kerr
Year 2019
Journal Name Population Research and Policy Review
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89 Journal Article

India

Authors S. Irudaya Rajan, G. Remya Prabha
Year 2008
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
90 Journal Article

Settlement or Mobility? Immigrants’ Re-migration Decision-Making Process in a High-Income Country Setting

Authors Ilka Steiner
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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93 Journal Article

Migration of Ukrainian Nationals to Portugal: The Visibility of a New Migration Landscape

Authors Sónia Pereira, Maria Lucinda Fonseca
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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95 Book Chapter

All in the family: Family-member migration and the psychosocial health of children in Georgia

Authors Michaella Vanore
Year 2016
Journal Name Migration Studies
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97 Journal Article

A cultural economy perspective on service sector migration in the global city: The case of Hong Kong

Authors FLN Li, A Findlay, H Jones
Year 1998
Journal Name International Migration
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98 Journal Article

Migration and Pacific Mortality: Estimating Migration Effects on Pacific Mortality Rates Using Bayesian Models

Authors Ken Richardson, Tony Blakely, Martin Tobias, ...
Year 2013
Journal Name Demography
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99 Journal Article
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