Research
Database

This constantly growing database accumulates and structures
relevant knowledge in the field of migration.

Showing page of 103339 results, sorted by

A Needs and Readiness Assessment of the United States Refugee Resettlement Program: Focus on Syrian Asylum-Seekers and Refugees

Authors Damir Utrzan, Elizabeth Wieling, Timothy Piehler
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
501 Journal Article

Constructions of credibility in decisions concerning unaccompanied minors

Authors Daniel Hedlund
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MIGRATION HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
502 Journal Article

An Institutional Approach to Bordering in Islands: The Canary Islands on the African-European Migration Routes

Authors Dirk Godenau
Year 2012
Journal Name ISLAND STUDIES JOURNAL
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
503 Journal Article

ETHNIC AND RACIAL IDENTITIES OF 2ND-GENERATION BLACK IMMIGRANTS IN NEW-YORK-CITY

Authors M Waters
Year 1994
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 285
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
504 Journal Article

New Guest Worker Regimes?

Authors Michael Samers
Book Title An Anthology of Migration and Social Transformation
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
505 Book Chapter

A Social Survey on Refugees in and Around Vienna in Fall 2015: Methodological Approach and Field Observations

Authors Judith Kohlenberger, Isabella Buber-Ennser, Zakarya Al Zalak, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
506 Journal Article

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons

Authors C. Phuong
Year 2005
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
507 Journal Article

Ensuring the reproductive rights of refugees and internally displaced persons: Legal and policy issues

Authors F Girard, W Waldman
Year 2000
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING PERSPECTIVES
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
508 Journal Article

The influence of immigrant generation on obesity among Asian Americans in California from 2013 to 2014

Authors Shaoqing Gong, Kesheng Wang, Ying Li, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name PLOS ONE
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509 Journal Article

Racial-ethnic Disparities in Inflammation: Evidence of Weathering in Childhood?

Authors Kammi K. Schmeer, Jacob Tarrence
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
511 Journal Article

The Health Risk Behaviours and Social Connectedness of Adolescents in Immigrant Families: Evidence from Australia

Authors Peter Brandon
Year 2008
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 10
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
512 Journal Article

Parental Nativity Affects Children’s Health and Access to Care

Authors Andrea C. Weathers, Scott P. Novak, Narayan Sastry, ...
Year 2008
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
Citations (WoS) 24
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
513 Journal Article

Gaps in Border Controls Are Related to Quarantine Alien Insect Invasions in Europe

Authors Steven James Bacon, Sven Bacher, Alexandre Aebi
Year 2012
Journal Name PLOS ONE
Citations (WoS) 50
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
514 Journal Article

The Role of International Humanitarian Law in the Protection of Internally Displaced Persons

Authors E.-C. Gillard
Year 2005
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
515 Journal Article

Stepping up Your Game: Workplace Experiences of Second-Generation Nigerians in the USA

Authors Onoso Imoagene
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
516 Journal Article

Night-Time and Refugees: Evidence from the Thai-Myanmar Border

Authors Pia Jolliffe
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 2
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
517 Journal Article

Review of developments in the field of contemporary forms of slavery and measures to prevent and repress all contemporary forms of slavery report of the Secretary-General

Authors UN. Secretary-General, Albania, Cuba, ...
Description
Summarizes replies received from Governments and concerned intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations on measures taken to deal with slavery-like practices such as trafficking in human beings, sexual exploitation of children and forced labour.
Year 2006
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
518 Report

Fertility Behavior of Immigrants in Canada: Converging Trends

Authors Gebremariam Woldemicael, Roderic Beaujot
Year 2011
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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521 Journal Article

Linguistic segregation in urban South Africa, 1996

Authors AJ Christopher
Year 2004
Journal Name GEOFORUM
Citations (WoS) 6
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
522 Journal Article

The Human Rights of Migrants

Year 2001
523 Book

Dominican-American ethnic/racial identities and United States social categories

Authors B Bailey
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
524 Journal Article

The Property Rights of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons: Beyond Restitution. By Anneke Smit.

Authors Sandra Joireman, S. Joireman
Year 2013
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
525 Journal Article

Moving Towards a More Comprehensive Investigation of Racial/Ethnic Differences in Cognitive Disability Among US Adults

Authors Emma K. T. Benn, Ashley M. Fox, Kezhen Fei, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
527 Journal Article

Racial/ethnic disparities in self-reported short sleep duration among US-born and foreign-born adults

Authors Timothy J. Cunningham, Earl S. Ford, Anne G. Wheaton, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name ETHNICITY & HEALTH
Citations (WoS) 7
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
528 Journal Article

Constructions of credibility in decisions concerning unaccompanied minors

Authors Daniel Hedlund
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MIGRATION HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE
Citations (WoS) 2
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
529 Journal Article

Immigrant Residential Segregation in U.S. Metropolitan Areas, 1990–2000

Authors John Iceland, Melissa. Scopilliti
Year 2008
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 158
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
530 Journal Article

Adolescent Survival Expectations: Variations by Race, Ethnicity, and Nativity

Authors Tara D. Warner, Raymond R. Swisher
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
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532 Journal Article

A Comparative North American-European Study on Two Anomalies to the Traditional Westphalian Nation State Model: Statelessness and Dual Nationality

Description
Since 1993, all nationals of the EU Member States hold EU citizenship, which entails the right to move and reside freely within EU territory. Since 1999, immigration has been a matter of shared competence between the EU and its Member States. The EU increasingly faces the question whether this common immigration policy as well as the common status of EU citizenship do not also require harmonization of the rules on acquisition and loss of nationality, or even the transfer of national competences to the EU, because the nationality law rules of individual Member States can be used to circumvent the common EU migration policy. In fact, a considerable number of Member States grant particular groups of people (former emigrants and their descendants living outside the EU, co-ethnics in neighbouring countries that are not part of the EU) facilitated access to their nationality and also encourage dual nationality. The link of these ‘external EU citizens’ with the EU is often very weak. At the same time, there are large numbers of EU resident people who continue to suffer the hardship of being stateless because they cannot qualify for the nationality of an EU Member State. Both the facilitated access to the EU through dual nationality and the vulnerable position of EU resident stateless persons gives the EU a strong interest in interfering with Member State autonomy in nationality law. The proposal will study global trends regarding dual nationality and statelessness by investigating how North America, and to a lesser extent Latin America, deal with these phenomena. For that purpose, research missions will be conducted on both continents. The results are compared with European data already collected by the applicant and the EUDO citizenship project. As nationality law will increasingly become a policy concern to the EU, the applicant’s global research will contribute to both the academic and policy-orientated debate on the future role of the EU in matters of nationality law.
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
533 Project

Dreaming of Seamless Borders: ICTs and the Pre-Emptive Governance of Mobility in Europe

Authors Dennis Broeders, James Hampshire
Year 2013
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 25
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
534 Journal Article

The Objective Approaches of Ethnic Origins in Belgium: Methodological Alternatives and Statistical Implications

Authors Luc Dal, Nicolas Perrin, Michel Poulain
Book Title Social Statistics and Ethnic Diversity
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
536 Book Chapter

The shape of things to come? Obesity prevalence among foreign-born vs. US-born Mexican youth in California

Authors Alison Buttenheim, Noreen Goldman, AR Pebley, ...
Year 2013
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
537 Journal Article

A ‘European Migrant Crisis’? Some Thoughts on Mediterranean Borders

Authors Annalisa Lendaro
Year 2016
Journal Name Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism
Citations (WoS) 4
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
538 Journal Article

The Ethnic Economy and the Turkish Ethnic Economy in London

Authors Saniye Dedeoglu
Book Title Migrants, Work and Social Integration
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
539 Book Chapter

Reducing Irregular Migration from China

Authors James K. Chin
Year 2003
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
540 Journal Article

Intergenerational Mobility and Goal-Striving Stress Among Black Americans: The Roles of Ethnicity and Nativity Status

Authors
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
Citations (WoS) 4
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
541 Journal Article

The long-term impact of employment bans on the economic integration of refugees

Authors
Year 2018
Journal Name SCIENCE ADVANCES
Citations (WoS) 3
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
542 Journal Article

Whiteness in Scotland: shame, belonging and diversity management in a Glasgow workplace

Authors Lani Russell
Year 2014
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 3
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
543 Journal Article

A REEXAMINATION OF SALARY DISCRIMINATION IN MAJOR-LEAGUE BASEBALL BY RACE ETHNICITY

Authors DA PURDY, DS EITZEN, WM LEONARD
Year 1994
Journal Name SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT JOURNAL
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544 Journal Article

The Fiscal Cost of Refugee Immigration: The Example of Sweden

Authors Joakim Ruist
Year 2015
Journal Name POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 7
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
545 Journal Article

The Fight against Illegal Immigration, Smuggling and Trafficking in Human Beings in Spain: Ambiguities and Rhetoric

Authors Carmen González Enríquez
Year 2018
Book Title Immigration and Criminal Law in the European Union
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
546 Book Chapter

Asian Americans and voting participation: Comparing racial and ethnic differences in recent US elections

Authors P Lien
Year 2004
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
547 Journal Article

Asylum seekers, Ireland, and the return of the repressed

Authors Ronit Lentin
Year 2016
Journal Name IRISH STUDIES REVIEW
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
548 Journal Article

Does nativity matter? Correlates of immigrant health by generation in the Russian Federation

Authors CJ Buckley, Erin Trouth Hofmann, Yuka Minagawa
Year 2011
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH
Citations (WoS) 5
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
549 Journal Article

The residential segregation of mixed-nativity married couples

Authors John Iceland, Kyle Anne Nelson
Year 2010
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 17
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
550 Journal Article

The Borders Beyond the Border: Australia's Extraterritorial Migration Controls

Authors Asher Lazarus Hirsch
Year 2017
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
551 Journal Article

Assimilation of Foreigners in Former West Germany

Authors Peter V. Schaeffer, James O. Bukenya
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 2
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
552 Journal Article

Are First-Generation Adolescents Less Likely to be Overweight? Results from a Survey of Boston Youth

Authors Kendrin R. Sonneville, Dustin T. Duncan, Renee M. Johnson, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
553 Journal Article

Hyper-selectivity, Racial Mobility, and the Remaking of Race

Authors Van C. Tran, Jennifer Lee, Oshin Khachikian, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name RSF-THE RUSSELL SAGE JOURNAL OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
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554 Journal Article

CARE : Coordinated approach for the reintegration of victims of trafficking

Description
To offer personalized and flexible assistance for the return of the victims of trafficking in human beings from Austria, France, Greece, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and UK, so they can become active members of their societies again.
Year 2013
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
555 Project

Do First- and Second-Generation Migrants Stay Longer in Social Assistance Than Natives in Belgium?

Authors Sarah Carpentier, Karel Neels, Karel Van den Bosch
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
556 Journal Article

'I Feel Like a Beggar': Asylum Seekers Living in the Australian Community Without the Right to Work

Authors Caroline Fleay, Lisa Hartley
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Citations (WoS) 9
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
557 Journal Article

'I Feel Like a Beggar': Asylum Seekers Living in the Australian Community Without the Right to Work

Authors Caroline Fleay, Lisa Hartley
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
558 Journal Article

Political Protest in Asylum and Deportation. An Introduction

Authors Sieglinde Rosenberger
Book Title Protest Movements in Asylum and Deportation
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
560 Book Chapter

Migration and asylum statistics as a basis for European border control

Authors Marianne Takle
Year 2017
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 2
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
561 Journal Article

An Ethnographic Study of Deaf Refugees Seeking Asylum in Finland

Authors Nina Sivunen
Year 2019
Journal Name SOCIETIES
Citations (WoS) 1
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
562 Journal Article

REINTEGRATION OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE (IDPS): THE NEED FOR MICRO CREDIT

Authors J. Chowdhury
Year 2000
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
563 Journal Article

Howard Adelman (ed): Protracted Displacement in Asia: No Place to Call Home

Authors Courtland Robinson
Year 2011
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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564 Journal Article

Refugees or Border Residents from Myanmar? The Status of Displaced Ethnic Kachins and Kokangs in Yunnan Province, China

Authors Lili Song
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REFUGEE LAW
Citations (WoS) 3
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
565 Journal Article

The Coming of the Second Generation: Immigration and Ethnic Mobility in Southern California

Authors RG Rumbaut
Year 2008
Journal Name ANNALS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
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566 Journal Article

The changing border: developments and risks in border control management of Western countries

Authors B Tholen
Year 2010
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCES
Citations (WoS) 4
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
567 Journal Article

Educational and Occupational Ambitions among the Spanish 'Second Generation': The Case of Barcelona

Authors Amado Alarcon, Sonia Parella, Jessica Yiu
Year 2014
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 7
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
568 Journal Article

Geflüchtete in Deutschland und der Ukraine: eine vergleichende Perspektive

Principal investigator Yuliya Kosyakova (Principal Investigator)
Description
In diesem Projekt vergleichen wir die Integrationsverläufe der Flüchtlingen in Deutschland und der Ukraine. Dabei geht es um zwei Arten von Flüchtlingen . Für Deutschland, fokussieren wir auf geflüchtete Menschen, die ihre Heimatland zugunsten eines neues Landes aufgrund der humanitären Gründen verlassen müssten. Für die Ukraine werden die so genannten intern Vertriebene in Betracht gezogen - die Personen, die bei ihrer Flucht – im Unterschied zu Flüchtlingen im rechtlichen Sinn – keine Staatsgrenze überschritten haben und im eigenen Land verblieben sind. Da die zwei Gruppen sich stark im Bezug von Spracheffizienz in der Sprache der Aufnahmegesellschaft, Informationen und Netzwerke unterscheiden, erwarten wir betrachtliche Unterschiede in der Integration in die Gesellschaft und Arbeitsmarkt.
Year 2019
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
569 Project

Does Faith Matter: An Examination of Islamic Relief's Work with Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons

Authors N. Kirmani, A. A. Khan
Year 2008
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
570 Journal Article

"The past is still right here in the present": second-generation Bajan-Brit transnational migrants' views on issues relating to race and colour class

Authors RB Potter, Joan Phillips
Year 2008
Journal Name ENVIRONMENT AND PLANNING D-SOCIETY & SPACE
Citations (WoS) 12
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
571 Journal Article

Are First-Generation Adolescents Less Likely to be Overweight? Results from a Survey of Boston Youth

Authors Kendrin R. Sonneville, Dustin T. Duncan, Renee M. Johnson, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
572 Journal Article

Immigrant and native financial well-being: The roles of place of education and race/ethnicity

Authors Matthew A. Painter
Year 2013
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH
Citations (WoS) 14
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
573 Journal Article

The problem of human trafficking in Azerbaijan

Authors Arif YUNUSOV
Description
The problem of human trafficking plays a significant role in migration flows from Azerbaijan. It was first addressed at the beginning of the early 1990s. The mass unemployment that followed the collapse of the USSR and the Karabakh conflict with Armenia led to the emergence of informal “slave markets” in the centre of the capital city, Baku, in the mid-1990s (in Azeri “gyl bazari”). These were gathering places for unemployed men, mostly refugees and internally displaced persons, who were prepared to take up any jobs, including jobs that involved forms of enslavement. At that time, a number of publications appeared in the national media documenting the trafficking of men, as well as women and children, from Azerbaijan, for the purposes of forced labour and enslavement (Yunusov, 194). However, such occurrences were perceived as an inevitable consequence of the unresolved Karabakh conflict and of “temporary” economic and social turmoil. Most importantly, these were of episodic character and so, did not attract much attention.
Year 2013
574 Report

Asylum Systems in the Western Balkan Countries: Current Issues

Authors Neza Kogovsek Salamon
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
575 Journal Article

Asylum Systems in the Western Balkan Countries: Current Issues

Authors Neza Kogovsek Salamon
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
576 Journal Article

A Needs and Readiness Assessment of the United States Refugee Resettlement Program: Focus on Syrian Asylum-Seekers and Refugees

Authors Damir Utrzan, Elizabeth Wieling, Timothy Piehler
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
577 Journal Article

Assimilation of Foreigners in Former West Germany

Authors Peter V. Schaeffer, James O. Bukenya
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
578 Journal Article

Social Mobility across Immigrant Generations: Recent Evidence and Future Data Requirements

Authors Van C. Tran
Year 2018
Journal Name ANNALS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
579 Journal Article

Intergenerational Mobility and Goal-Striving Stress Among Black Americans: The Roles of Ethnicity and Nativity Status

Authors Dawne M. Mouzon, Daphne C. Watkins, Ramona Perry, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
581 Journal Article

Revisiting the Hispanic Health Paradox: The Relative Contributions of Nativity, Country of Origin, and Race/Ethnicity to Childhood Asthma

Authors Marlene Camacho-Rivera, Ichiro Kawachi, S. V. Subramanian, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
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582 Journal Article

Explaining Ethnic Inequality in the German Labor Market: Labor Market Institutions, Context of Reception, and Boundaries

Authors Renee Reichl Luthra
Year 2013
Journal Name EUROPEAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 12
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
583 Journal Article

"Racism in a Melting Pot ... ?" Trinidadian mid-life transnational migrants' views on race and colour-class on return to their homes of descent

Authors RB Potter, D Conway, Godfrey St. Bernard
Year 2010
Journal Name GEOFORUM
Citations (WoS) 4
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
584 Journal Article

Acculturation and overweight-related behaviors among Hispanic immigrants to the US: the national longitudinal study of adolescent health

Authors Penny Gordon-Larsen, Kathleen Mullan Harris, BM Popkin, ...
Year 2003
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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585 Journal Article

Identifying mental health problems and Idioms of distress among older adult internally displaced persons in Georgia

Authors Namrita S. Singh, W. Courtland Robinson, J. K. Bass, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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587 Journal Article

Public Understanding of Trafficking in Human Beings in Great Britain, Hungary and Ukraine

Authors Kiril Sharapov
Year 2019
Journal Name Anti-Trafficking Review
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
588 Journal Article

The prevalence and demographic characteristics of consanguineous marriages in Pakistan

Authors Rafat Hussain, AH Bittles
Year 1998
Journal Name JOURNAL OF BIOSOCIAL SCIENCE
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589 Journal Article

"Third Generation" Ethics: What Careproviders Should Do Before They Do Ethics

Authors Edmund G. Howe
Year 2010
Journal Name JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ETHICS
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590 Journal Article

Intelligent Portable Border Control System

Description
iBorderCtrl envisages to enable faster thorough border control for third country nationals crossing the borders of EU, with technologies that adopt the future development of the Schengen Border Management. The project will present an optimal mixture of an enhanced, voluntary form of a Registered Traveller Programme and an auxiliary solution for the Entry/Exit System based on involving bona fide travellers. iBorderCtrl designs and implements a system that adopts mobility concepts and consists of a two-stage procedure, designed to reduce cost/time spent per traveller at the crossing station. It leverages software and hardware technologies ranging from portable readers/scanners, various emerging and novel subsystems for automatic controls, wireless networking for mobile controls, and secure backend storage and processing. The two-stage procedure includes: (A) the registration before the travel to gather initial personal, travel document and vehicle data, perform a short, automated, non-invasive interview with an avatar, subject to lie detection and link the traveller to any pre-existing authority data. Utilizing multifactor analytics and risk-based approach, the data registered is processed and correlated with publicly open data or external systems such as the SIS II. Processing will need the travellers consent as set in EU legislation and national law. (B) the actual control at the border that complements pre-registered information with results of security controls that are performed with a portable, wireless connected iBorderCtrl unit that can be used inside buses/trains or any point. Multiple technologies check validity and authenticity of parameters (e.g. travel documents, visa, face recognition of traveller using passport picture, real-time automated non-invasive lie detection in interview by officer, etc.). The data collected are encrypted, securely transferred and analysed in real time, providing an automated decision support system for the border control officers.
Year 2016
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
592 Project

Returning Rejected Asylum Seekers: Challenges and good practices – Luxembourg

Authors Linda Dionisio, Noemi Marcus, Adolfo Sommarribas, ...
Description
The issue of non-return of rejected international protection applicants does not enjoy a high political profile on its own, but has been discussed as part of a global debate on asylum. Significant efforts are required when considering the wide spectrum of possible reasons of non-return, some reasons depending on the countries of destination, others on the returnee himself/herself. In this respect, reasons of non return range from the non-respect of deadlines, the issuance of travel documents, postponement of removal for external reasons to the returnee, for medical reasons, the resistance of the third-country national and the lack of diplomatic representation of Luxembourg, to name but a few. In regards to the procedure, in Luxembourg the rejection of the international protection application includes the return decision. The Minister in charge of Immigration, through the Directorate of Immigration, issues this decision. The return decision only becomes enforceable when all appeals are exhausted and the final negative decision of rejection of the competent judicial authority enters into force, as appeals have suspensive effects. This decision also sets out the timeframe during which the rejected international protection applicant has to leave the country. In case the applicant does not opt for a voluntary return, the decision will also include the country to which s/he will be sent. In general, the decision provides for a period of 30 days during which the applicant has the option to leave voluntarily and to benefit from financial support in case of assisted voluntary return through the International Organization for Migration (IOM). There are two exceptions to this rule: the applicant who is considered a threat to national security, public safety or homeland security and the applicant who has already been issued a return decision before. The declaration and documentation provided during the procedure of international protection can be used to facilitate return. Subsequent applications are possible, in particular if new evidence of facts appears resulting in an increased likelihood of the applicant to qualify for international protection. For rejected international protection applicants who did not opt for voluntary return and did not receive any postponement of removals, a certain (limited) support is available while waiting for the execution of the enforceable return decision. As such, they continue to stay in reception facilities and to receive certain social benefits unless they transgress any internal rules. If an urgent need exists, rejected applicants may be granted a humanitarian social aid. However, they are not entitled to access the labour market or to receive ‘pocket money’ or the free use of transport facilities. They benefit from an access to education and training, however this access cannot constitute a possible reason for non-return. These benefits are available to rejected applicants until the moment of their removal. In order to enforce the return decision and prevent absconding, the Minister may place the rejected international applicant in the detention centre, especially if s/he is deemed to be obstructing their own return. Other possible measures include house arrest, regular reporting surrendering her/his passport or depositing a financial guarantee of 5000€. Most of these alternatives to detention were introduced with the Law of 18 December 2015 which entered into force on 1st January 2016. As a consequence, detention remains the main measure used to enforce return decisions. A number of challenges to return and measures to curb them are detailed in this study. A part of these measures have been set up to minimize the resistance to return from the returnee. First and foremost is the advocacy of the AVRR programme and the dissemination of information relating to this programme but also the establishment of a specific return programme to West Balkan countries not subject to visa requirements. Other measures aim at facilitating the execution of forced returns, such as police escorts or the placement in the detention centre. Finally, significant efforts are directed towards increasing bilateral cooperation and a constant commitment to the conclusion of readmission agreements. No special measures were introduced after 2014 in response to the exceptional flows of international protection applicants arriving in the EU. While the Return service within the Directorate of Immigration has continued to expand its participation to European Networks and in various transnational projects in matters of return, this participation was already set into motion prior to the exceptional flows of 2014. As for effective measures curbing challenges to return, this study brings to light the AVRR programme but especially the separate return programme for returnees from West Balkan countries exempt of visa requirements. The dissemination of information on voluntary return is also considered an effective policy measure, the information being made available from the very start of the international protection application. Among the cases where return is not immediately possible, a considerable distinction has to be made in regards to the reasons for the non-return. Indeed, in cases where the delay is due to the medical condition of the returnee or to material and technical reasons that are external to the returnee, a postponement of removal will be granted. This postponement allows for the rejected applicant to remain on the territory on a temporary basis, without being authorized to reside and may be accompanied by a measure of house arrest or other. In cases of postponement for medical reasons and of subsequent renewals bringing the total length of postponement over two years, the rejected applicant may apply for a residence permit for private reasons based on humanitarian grounds of exceptional seriousness. Nevertheless, apart from this exception, no official status is granted to individuals who cannot immediately be returned. Several measures of support are available to beneficiaries of postponement to removal: they have access to accommodation in the reception centres they were housed in during their procedure, they may be attributed humanitarian aid, they continue to be affiliated at the National Health Fund, they continue to have access to education and professional training and they are allowed to work through a temporary work authorization. The temporary work authorization is only valid for a single profession and a single employer for the duration of the postponement to removal, although this is an extremely rare occurrence in practice. OLAI may allocate a humanitarian aid might be allocated if the individual was already assisted by OLAI during the procedure of her/his international protection application. All of these measures apply until the moment of return. The study also puts forth a number of best practices such as the Croix-Rouge’s involvement in police trainings, their offer of punctual support to vulnerable people through international networking or the socio-psychological support given to vulnerable people placed in the detention centre among others. A special regard has to be given to AVRR programmes and their pre-departure information and counselling, the dissemination of information and the post-arrival support and reintegration assistance. Indeed, stakeholders singled the AVRR programme out as a best practice and the Luxembourgish government has made voluntary return a policy priority for a long time. However, this increased interest in voluntary returns has to be put into perspective as research shows that sustainable success of voluntary return and reintegration measures is only achieved for a very restricted number of beneficiaries (namely for young, autonomous and dynamic returnees with sizeable social networks and who were granted substantial social capital upon return). Hence, returning women remains a sensitive issue, especially if they were fleeing abusive relationships. Another factor contributing to hardship set forth by research is the difficult reintegration of returnees that have lived outside of their country of return for a prolonged period of time and are therefore unable to rely on social networks for support or for a sense of belonging. Based on these considerations, NGOs and academia cast doubts on the ‘voluntary’ nature of these return programmes, their criticism targeting the misleading labelling of these policy measures.
Year 2016
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593 Report

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596 Journal Article

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Journal Name SOCIAL POLICY & ADMINISTRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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597 Journal Article

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Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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598 Journal Article

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599 Journal Article

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Year 2015
Journal Name Migration, Mobility, & Displacement
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
600 Journal Article
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