Research
Database

This constantly growing database accumulates and structures
relevant knowledge in the field of migration.

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Dissemination of information on voluntary return: how to reach irregular migrants not in contact with the authorities – Luxembourg.

Authors Lisa Li, David Petry, Birte Nienaber
Description
The focus of this study lies with irregular migrants who are not in contact with the authorities. Due to their irregular situation, it is difficult to provide information on the numbers of persons that are irregularly staying in Luxembourg. Several actors were able to provide some estimations on the scale of irregular migrants, but these estimations can only ever be partial. Statistics are available concerning the assisted voluntary return and reintegration from Luxembourg programme that is operated by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) as well as concerning the counselling services offered by different non-governmental organisations and associations. However, most of these numbers refer to migrants that are known to the authorities, mainly because they are rejected applicants for international protection.
Year 2015
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
203 Report

African Refugees' Influx in Israel from a Socio-Political Perspective

Authors Haim YACOBI
Description
This paper focuses on socio-political dynamics in Israel in relation to the increased flow of African refugees and asylum seekers. The main argument presented here is that there is an inherent tension between the ethnocentric ideologies and the questions of territorial control that define Israel, and the pressure exerted by NGOs and civil society in relation to the ongoing influx of African asylum seekers and refugees. The theoretical insight that emerges is that the arrival of "foreigners" in Israel challenges Israeli identity politics and attitudes towards the "Other", whilst simultaneously revealing complexity in Israel's ethno-national identity and collective history.
Year 2009
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
206 Report

Conflict-Induced Migration in Sudan and Post-Referendum Challenges

Authors Munzoul ASSAL
Description
Migration in Sudan is caused primarily by protracted conflict and includes various categories of migrants: IDPs, refugees, and to some extent economic migrants. This paper deals primarily with internally displaced persons (IDPs), particularly those from southern Sudan who live in Khartoum. In 2004, it was estimated that 17 percent of Sudan’s population had been internally displaced. Following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in January 2005, few IDPs returned to the south. Additionally, in January 2011, southern Sudanese citizens exercised the right of self-determination. The future of those southerners who are still in Khartoum and other parts of north Sudan is uncertain. In Khartoum, the government declared that southerners will be treated as foreign nationals after the independence of south Sudan on July 9th 2011. Therefore, the issues of conflict-induced migration will survive the peace agreement and the south gaining its independence. This paper is based on existing data on IDPs and on the author’s research on the same subject. It analyzes the causes and the consequences of the conflict, in particular forced migration. The paper empirically analyzes living conditions and coping strategies in two IDP settlements in Khartoum: Al Salam and Al Fatih. Un très long conflit est la cause principale des migrations au Soudan qui incluent différentes catégories de migrants : déplacés internes, réfugiés, et migrants économiques dans une certaine mesure. Ce papier traite principalement des déplacés internes et notamment ceux originaires du Sud Soudan qui sont installés à Khartoum. En 2004, il a été estimé que 17 % de la population soudanaise avait été déplacée à l’intérieur du pays. Après les Accords de paix en janvier 2005, peu de déplacés sont retournés dans le Sud et, en janvier 2011, le Sud Soudan a exercé son droit à l’autodétermination. Dans ce contexte, l’avenir des Soudanais originaires du sud qui sont encore à Khartoum et dans le nord du pays est incertain. A Khartoum, le gouvernement a déclaré qu’il considérera les Soudanais du sud comme des étrangers après l’indépendance du Sud Soudan le 9 juillet 2011. Le problème des migrations provoquées par les conflits est donc amené à perdure malgré l’Accord de paix et l’indépendance du Sud Soudan. Ce papier est basé sur les données disponibles sur les déplacés internes et sur les recherches menées par l’auteur sur ce sujet. Il analyse les causes et les conséquences du conflit, en particulier les migrations forcées. Il propose une analyse empirique des conditions de vie et des stratégies de survie dans deux camps de déplacés à Khartoum : Al-Salam et Al-Fatih.
Year 2011
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
207 Report

When Policy Creates Politics: the Problematizing of Immigration and the Consequences for Refugee Integration in the UK

Authors Gareth Mulvey
Year 2010
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
Citations (WoS) 53
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208 Journal Article

Asylum, refugees, and IDPS in Russia : challenges to social cohesion

Authors Vladimir MUKOMEL
Description
The resolution of problems for asylum seekers, refugees, and IDPs encounters resistance, due to the cautious attitude of Federal government authorities, state governments, local governments, and the host population. The prevalence of a xenophobic attitude, pressure of non-governmental organizations that work with asylum seekers, and the weakness of civil society institutions create a distorted picture of the unimportance of this contingent’s problems, and weakens the potential readiness of the government and society for emergency situations related to the flow of asylum-seekers
Year 2013
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
209 Report

Kısıtlanan özgürlükler: Türkiye'de sığınmacı olmak

Year 2015
Journal Name Birikim
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210 Journal Article

FastPass: A harmonized, modular reference system for all European automatic border crossing points

Description
Automatic border controls are an increasingly relevant mode by which borders are crossed, both in the European Union and around the world. The Fastpass project aims to establish and demonstrate a next generation harmonised, modular approach for Automated Border Control (ABC) systems. To do so, it brings together key stakeholders involved throughout the development of an ABC system: system and component producers, research institutions, governmental authorities and end users. The ICMPD Research Department is particularly involved in engaging users and other stakeholders, as well as analysing the needs and requirements necessary for an ABC system. The ICMPD Border Management and Visa Competence Centre is also involved in interacting with and training border guards to use the system, as well as ensuring the needs of the end user group of border guards are also included. Objectives: • Integration of the Smart Border components of an exit-entry system and a registered traveller programme within the system; • Harmonised use of the system across a variety of countries, based on feedback from travellers and border guards; • Development of an innovative border crossing concept that interfaces with existing security and infrastructure processes at air, land and sea borders; • Design and inclusion of innovative technology with regard to ABC systems; • Establishment of a European ABC solution, and a new European ABC suppliers network Project Partners: Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH (AIT), Teknologian tutkimuskeskus VTT, Austrian Federal Ministry of the Interior, Österreichische Staatsdruckerei GmbH, Fraunhofer IOSB, Interdisciplinary Center for Law and ICT of K.U. Leuven, Finnish Border Guard RVL, Secunet Security Networks AG, Mirasys Ltd, Regula Baltija Ltd, University of Reading, University of Tampere, Gunnebo Entrance Control Ltd, Giesecke & Devrient GmbH, MODI Modular Digits GmbH, Magnetic Autocontrol GmbH, European Commission Joint Research Center, ITTE Sp.z.o.o., Deltabit Oy, Oxford Internet Institute of the University of Oxford, Romanian Border Guard, Finavia Cooperation, Port of Mykonos, Fraport AG, Flughafen Wien AG, Intrepid Minds.
Year 2013
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
214 Project

Poland’s Perspective on the Intra-European Movement of Poles. Implications and Governance Responses

Authors Marta Kindler
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
215 Book Chapter

Social remittances and intra-EU mobility: non-financial transfers between UK and Poland

Authors Izabela Grabowska, Michal P. Garapich
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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217 Journal Article

The Governance of Things: Documenting Limbo in the Greek Asylum Procedure

Authors Heath Cabot
Year 2012
Journal Name PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review
Citations (WoS) 36
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219 Journal Article

Ethical and Professional Considerations Providing Medical Evaluation and Care to Refugee Asylum Seekers

Authors Ramin Asgary, Clyde L. Smith
Year 2013
Journal Name AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BIOETHICS
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221 Journal Article

Forced Displacement from Ukraine’s War-Torn Territories: Intersectionality and Power Geometry

Authors Irina Kuznetsova, Oksana Mikheieva
Year 2020
Journal Name Nationalities papers
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222 Journal Article

Zuflucht und Zugehörigkeit: Die Entwicklung des Flüchtlingsschutzes in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Principal investigator J. Olaf Kleist (Principal Investigator)
Description
Es wird kaum thematisiert, auch nicht in gegenwärtigen Debatten um die Einwanderungsgesellschaft, dass die Bundesrepublik Deutschland eines der wichtigsten Asylländer ist und schon immer Zwangsmigranten aus verschiedenen Gründen aufnahm. Sie bot Zuflucht für deutsche Vertriebene, für Asylsuchende, für umgesiedelte Flüchtlinge aus aller Welt und für solche, die vor Krieg oder aus anderer Not flohen. Zugleich war der Zugang zu Flüchtlingsschutz immer höchst selektiv. Die Begründungen aufgrund derer Zuflucht in der Bundesrepublik gewährt wurde, waren politisch umkämpft und verschoben sich von einem zivil-politischen zu einem kulturell-nationalen Modell und zurück. Dieses Forschungsprojekt untersucht die Geschichte der Zuflucht in der Bundesrepublik und die Veränderungen in politischen Debatten über Flüchtlinge. Sowohl das Thema als auch die angewendeten Konzepte sind dabei innovativ. Sie beziehen sich auf Modelle politischer Zugehörigkeit und Erinnerung, wodurch sie nicht nur die Geschichte und Theorie von Zuflucht sondern auch die politische Kultur des Aufnahmelandes in ein neues Licht rücken. Das Projekt basiert auf einem Konzept von Zuflucht als souveräner Zugehörigkeit für Ausländer. Das Privileg von Schutz wird gewährt auf Grundlage politisch umkämpfter Vorstellungen von Zugehörigkeit in zivilen oder kulturellen Begrifflichkeiten. Unter diesem Aspekt werden in dem Projekt politische Debatten zu sechs zentralen Momenten des Flüchtlingsschutzes in der Bundesrepublik genaustens, und manche erstmalig, untersucht: die Institutionalisierung politischen Asyls im Grundgesetz 1949; die Aufnahme tschechoslowakischer politisch Verfolgter 1968-69; die Verschiebung von ziviler zu kultureller Wahrnehmung von Zuflucht in der Umsiedlung von indo-chinesischen Flüchtlingen 1975-82; der Asylkompromiss 1992-93 und die vorausgehenden Debatten um nationale Zugehörigkeit; die Aufnahme von Zwangsmigranten aus dem Kosovo 1999-2000; und die Rückkehr zu zivilen Vorstellungen in der Entwicklung eines europäischen Asylsystems seit 2003. Presse, parlamentarische Debatten und Diskussionen im Bundeskabinett sind dabei Gegenstand der Analyse. Die Untersuchung politischer Äußerungen über Zuflucht trägt so zum Verständnis der historischen Entwicklung von Zugehörigkeit bei. Um Vorstellungen von Zugehörigkeit aus politischen Argumenten herauszuarbeiten, wird ein besonderes Augenmerk auf die Verwendung von Erinnerungen gelegt und wie in jenen Beziehungen zwischen deutscher Zugehörigkeit und denen die Schutz suchen konstruiert werden. Die aus dem Projekt resultierende Monographie wird zum ersten Mal die Geschichte der Zuflucht in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland umfassend darstellen. Dabei ermöglicht die Studie, die am weltweit führenden Refugee Studies Centre der University of Oxford angesiedelt ist, nicht nur eine neue Perspektive auf die politische Kultur und Einwanderungsgeschichte in Deutschland, sondern trägt auch zu einem wegweisenden Verständnis von Zuflucht und Asyl bei.
Year 2014
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
223 Project

Asylum seekers, Refugees and IDPs in the EaP countries: Recognition, Social Protection and integration - An Overview.

Description
This paper is based on the information included in the twenty-one explanatory notes from CARIM East network members, covering the demo-economic, legal and socio-political aspects of the situation of asylum seekers, refugees and IDPs in individual countries of the CARIM East region. This paper gives an overview of the basic facts concerning populations in need of protection in the Eastern Partnership countries, who are defined as asylum seekers, refugees and IDPs. It focuses especially on their recognition, social protection and integration.
Year 2013
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
224 Report

Family Separation and Lives in Limbo: US Immigration Policy in the 1920s and during the Trump Administration

Authors Yael Schacher
Year 2020
Journal Name ANNALS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
227 Journal Article

The Sudanese Darfur Crisis and Internally Displaced Persons in International Law: The Least Protection for the Most Vulnerable

Authors M. RAFIQUL ISLAM
Year 2006
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
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232 Journal Article

A look at migrations in the post-Soviet space : the case of Eastern Europe, South Caucasus and Russian Federation

Authors Agnieszka WEINAR
Year 2014
Journal Name International Migration
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233 Journal Article

Flüchtlingsmonitoring

Principal investigator Herbert Brücker (Principal Investigator), Parvati Trübswetter (Principal Investigator)
Description
Gegenstand des Forschungsvorhabens ist ein regelmäßiges Monitoring des Migrations- und Flüchtlingsgeschehens in Deutschland und vertiefte Analysen zu einzelnen Problemkomplexen für das BMAS auf Basis der IAB-Befragung von Asylbewerberinnen und Asylbewerbern sowie Flüchtlingen. Im Rahmen des Forschungsvorhabens werden dem BMAS deskriptive Analysen und vertiefende Forschungsberichte vorgelegt. Die Themen werden in Absprache mit dem BMAS aktuell festgelegt. Themenkomplexe können z.B. Bildung und Ausbildung sowie andere Fähigkeiten von Flüchtlingen, verschiedene Aspekte der Arbeitsmarktintegration und die Wirksamkeit arbeitsmarkt- und integrationspolitischer Programme sein.
Year 2015
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234 Project

Italy and the refugees crisis

Authors Francesca Longo
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Political and Military sociology,
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235 Journal Article

To Share or Not to Share Responsibility? Finnish Refugee Policy and the Hesitant Support for a Common European Asylum System

Authors Östen Wahlbeck
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies
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236 Journal Article

Unaccompanied minor asylum seekers in the Netherlands. Choice or chance?

Authors Research and Documentation Centre, Dutch Ministry of Justice and Security, Sanne Noyon, Monika Smit, ...
Description
Worldwide, many migrants leave their countries in search of safety and internation- al protection. In 2015, the number of asylum seekers in Europe reached a peak. Among them were unaccompanied minor asylum seekers (UMAs). The current study aimed to shed light on the push and pull factors that played a role in the flight of the UMAs who arrived in the Netherlands in 2015, to understand the processes through which these minors ultimately ended up in this country, their expectations regarding the intended destination, if any, and their satisfaction with life in the Netherlands – topics about which little is known so far.
Year 2018
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237 Report

Trafficking in Human Beings: Made and Cut to Measure? Anti-trafficking Docufictions and the Production of Anti-trafficking Truths

Authors Kiril Sharapov, Jonathan Mendel
Year 2018
Journal Name Cultural Sociology
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238 Journal Article

The collection of statistical data on migration in Azerbaijan

Authors Arif YUNUSOV
Description
In the post-Soviet period in Azerbaijan?especially in the 90?s due to war with Armenia, and the political chaos and economic collapse after the breakup of the USSR? serious problems surrounding the statistical records of migration processes arose on the part of the State Statistical Committee (Goskomstat), the main department in this sphere in the republic. Subsequently, the situation involving records of population movement began to improve. However, problems remained. And they were largely connected to the fact that during this period in Azerbaijan, there were many other government departments besides Goskomstat working on issues related to population migration statistics: the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Population, the State Committee on Refugee Affairs and Internally Displaced Persons, the State Committee on the Affairs of Azerbaijanis Living Abroad, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of National Security (MNS), the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Education. Each of the above ministries and committees had a special department that poorly coordinated with the others on this issue. Only in recent years has the situation started to change a little for the better, especially after the creation of the State Migration Service (SMS) in 2007, which has a mandated function to merge state control over migration processes, including statistical records. But this process is in its early stages and for now more than 80% of the statistical data on population migration is still administered by Goskomstat.
Year 2013
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
241 Report

The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement and the search for a universal framework of protection for internally displaced persons

Authors Walter Kälin
Year 2000
Journal Name The American Society of International Law and the Brookings Institution
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242 Journal Article

Segmented Paths? Mexican Generational Differences in the Transition to First-Time Homeownership in the United States

Authors Luis A. Sánchez
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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243 Journal Article

Ethical beliefs and management behaviour: A cross-cultural comparison

Authors T Jackson, MC Artola
Year 1997
Journal Name JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS
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246 Journal Article

International migration in Luxembourg. Continuous Reporting System on Migration OECD – 2015

Authors Birte Nienaber, Linda Dionisio, Adolfo Sommarribas, ...
Description
Migration has always played an important role in Luxembourg’s history. In 2014 and 2015, due to the refugee crisis, migration became the focus of the economic, social and political debates, in particular during Luxembourg’s Presidency of the Council of the European Union. As a country that is a founding Member of the European Union and located at the centre of the EU, Luxembourg has a strong attraction for EU citizens and this - in turn - has a direct incidence on the demographic composition of the country and the workforce. Luxembourg’s demographic composition reflects its migratory diversity. In 2014, the net migration balance was positive having increased by 6.8% in comparison to 2013. As such, the country’s rising population numbers were mainly attributed to the immigration of individuals coming from EU Member States and other European countries. These numbers include European Union (EU), European economic area (EEA) citizens and third-country nationals from non-EU European countries. The country’s diversity is equally reflected in its labour market which heavily relies on its foreign workforce. In fact, Luxembourgish citizens represented 31% of the workforce in 2014, while EU citizens reached 65% and third-country nationals only 4%. Cross border workers also represented a very important part of the Luxembourgish workforce with 44.4 %. Due to the refugee crisis, the number of international protection applicants increased between 2013 and 2014. As a consequence, the recognition rate of the status increased as well. On the other hand, the number of returns continued to decrease. In order to respond to the crisis in an adequate manner, additional funds and staff for the Directorate of Immigration and the Luxembourg Reception and Integration Agency were allocated. Given the magnitude of the migration crisis and the pressure on external border Member States, the EU Council took the decision to relocate 160.000 international protection applicants (European relocation scheme) who are currently in Greece and in Italy. In order to implement this decision, Luxembourg agreed to welcome 527 international protection applicants. The first group of 30 relocated individuals from Greece arrived in Luxembourg on 4 November 2015. During 2014, Luxembourg implemented several EU directives. Directive 2011/36/EU of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings was implemented by the Law of 9 April 2014, which reinforced the rights of victims of trafficking in human beings by criminalising begging and the trafficking of children. Extensive work was undertaken to transpose Directives 2012/32/EU and 2012/33/EU of the Common European Asylum System. Two draft bills are currently within the last stages of the legislative procedure and their implementation is set to take place in 2015, after several amendments were brought to the draft bills at the end of September and October 2015. On the national level, recent legislative changes and reforms answer to several aims, ranging from attracting certain categories of migrants to strengthening the support provided to unaccompanied minors. The creation of a new authorisation of stay for investors and the modification of certain authorisations of stay to adapt them for business managers are currently under discussion by an inter-ministerial working group, which is preparing two draft bills on these issues.
Year 2015
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
247 Report

Lessons from the South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis

Authors Mikolaj Stanek, Jean-Michel Lafleur
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
250 Book Chapter

The Mental Health of IDPs and the general population in Ukraine

Authors Irina Kuznetsova, Oksana Mikheieva, Jonathan Catling, ...
Description
The research's overarching objective was to explore the level of mental health issues and the situation surrounding the provision of mental health care utilization as a result of the conflict in eastern Ukraine. This includes both Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in Ukraine and people who were not affected by war (the general population) in government controlled areas. A mixed methodology was used, consisting of national surveys with IDPs (n=1000) and the general population the (n=1000) with a representative sample reflecting age, gender, and a territory. Also, interviews with professionals in mental health support and representatives of charities and international organisations were conducted (n=21).
Year 2019
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251 Report

Isolation im Gesetz verankern? Zu den Plänen der großen Koalition, zentrale Aufnahme-, Entscheidungs- und Rückführungseinrichtungen einzuführen

Authors Miriam Schader, Tim Rohmann, Sybille Münch
Year 2018
Journal Name Zeitschrift für Flüchtlingsforschung
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252 Journal Article

Numbers vs. Rights: Trade-Offs and Guest Worker Programs

Authors Martin Ruhs, Philip Martin
Year 2008
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 138
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253 Journal Article

Of employers, uncles and interpreters: the diverse trajectories of guest workers to the Belgian city of Ghent, 1960–1975

Authors Jozefien De Bock
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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254 Journal Article

Expulsion of failed asylum seeker suffering from AIDS

Authors
Year 2005
Journal Name JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ETHICS
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255 Journal Article

On migration policy framework in the Republic Armenia (RA)

Authors Haykanush CHOBANYAN
Description
For the upcoming five years, as a result of the implementation of the Action Plan of the Policy Concept for the State Regulation of Migration in the Republic of Armenia in 2012-2016, the system of providing protection to foreigners and stateless persons on the humanitarian bases by the RA will be improved. The action plan will also help introduce electronic passports with biometric information and IDs (to increase the level of protection of documents for identification of a person and to facilitate the mobility of RA citizens?).
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
257 Report

New Border and Citizenship Politics

Authors Sabine Ruß-Sattar, Helen Schwenken
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
258 Book

Asylum destination choice - What makes some West European countries more attractive than others?

Authors E Neumayer
Year 2004
Journal Name EUROPEAN UNION POLITICS
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260 Journal Article

Unterwertige Beschäftigung von Migranten

Principal investigator Silke Anger (Principal Investigator), Huy Le Quang (Principal Investigator)
Description
Ausgangspunkt des Projekts ist die Beobachtung, dass der Anteil der unterwertig beschäftigten Arbeitnehmer unter Migranten deutlich höher ist als in der einheimischen Erwerbsbevölkerung. In Deutschland liegt dieser Anteil aktuell unter Einheimischen bei 22%, während 36% aller im Ausland geborenen Migranten unterwertig beschäftigt sind (OECD 2015). Dies bedeutet zum einen, dass das vorhandenes Humankapital von Migranten in stärkerem Maße nicht ausgeschöpft wird und zum anderen, dass der Anteil der Individuen, die durch eine unterwertige Beschäftigung Lohneinbußen im Vergleich zu adäquat Beschäftigten mit ähnlicher Qualifikation hinnehmen müssen, unter Migranten besonders groß ist. Bei der Untersuchung soll auf die Unterschiede zwischen Migrantengruppen eingegangen und bspw. Unterschiede nach Bildungsgrad, Berufsgruppe, Alter, Geschlecht, Herkunftsland, erste Generation / zweite Generation analysiert werden. Ein zentraler Aspekt des Forschungsprojekts ist die dynamische Perspektive und in diesem Zusammenhang die Untersuchung, welche Bedeutung unterwertige Beschäftigung für den weiteren Erwerbsverlauf von Migranten hat. Projektziel Klärung der Forschungsfragen: In welchem Ausmaß sind Migranten in Deutschland unterwertig beschäftigt? Handelt es sich um ein kurzfristiges Ereignis? Welche Lohneinbußen gehen damit einher? Gibt es einen Zusammenhang zwischen unterwertiger Beschäftigung und zukünftigen Arbeitsmarktchancen?
Year 2016
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
261 Project

Policing humanitarianism : EU policies against human smuggling and their impact on civil society

Authors Sergio CARRERA, Valsamis MITSILEGAS, Jennifer ALLSOPP, ...
Year 2019
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
264 Book

Second-Generation Tamils and Cross-Cultural Marriage: Managing the Translocal Village in a Moment of Cultural Rupture

Authors Amanda Wise, Selvaraj Velayutham
Year 2008
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 17
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
265 Journal Article

Integration of migrants and reintegration of returnees in Georgia : legal prospective

Authors Gaga GABRICHIDZE
Description
Georgia is, above all, a country of emigration. For that reason, the issue of the integration of immigrants has never been to the fore in the political debate. However, even if there is no policy document on the integration of migrants there are a lot of provisions in Georgian legislation which are related to the integration of migrants. Primarily this concerns the provisions regulating the rights and obligations of migrants as the comparison of legal status of migrants with that of Georgian citizens may help to define the position of migrant with regard to integration. Also of importance are those measures implemented by the state which can be considered as positive measures with regards to integration. Therefore, we will first analyse the legal and institutional framework of integration will be analyzed and second, we will offer an overview of measures supporting the integration of migrants as well as reintegration measures taken by the state. Challenges will be identified and recommendations will be elaborated based on this analysis. It should also be noted here that the study will cover the status of foreign citizens in general and the integration-relevant aspect of relations in which stateless persons and also refugees participate.
Year 2013
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266 Report

Counting Migrants' Deaths at the Border: From Civil Society Counterstatistics to (Inter)Governmental Recuperation

Authors Charles Heller, Antoine Pecoud
Year 2020
Journal Name AMERICAN BEHAVIORAL SCIENTIST
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
267 Journal Article

Irregular Migration in Egypt

Authors Heba NASSAR
Description
Egypt’s capital Cairo hosts one of the five largest urban refugee populations in the world. For this reason, our paper concentrates on the legal aspect of irregular migration, discussing the characteristics of these migrants as asylum seekers and refugees while also examining transit migrants. First, the paper tackles associated concepts and data issues, with reference to the existing literature and international standards. In the second part, an overview of the Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) situation is given as a prelude to the Egyptian experience. In the third part, the socio-economic profile of refugees and asylum seekers from Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Iraq is given with reference to their legal status, their rights and their living conditions measured in terms of income and sources of income, access to education, employment, health care and social services. The paper concludes by looking at the socio-economic situation in Egypt and policy recommendations concerning government practices, procedures, mechanisms, policies and laws. Gaps in research have also been highlighted so that these issues can be better addressed in the future.
Year 2008
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272 Report

Asylum seekers, refugees and IDPs in the EaP countries : recognition, social protection and integration : an overview

Authors Zuzanna BRUNARSKA, Agnieszka WEINAR
Description
This paper is based on the information included in the twenty-one explanatory notes from CARIM East network members, covering the demo-economic, legal and socio-political aspects of the situation of asylum seekers, refugees and IDPs in individual countries of the CARIM East region. This paper gives an overview of the basic facts concerning populations in need of protection in the Eastern Partnership countries, who are defined as asylum seekers, refugees and IDPs. It focuses especially on their recognition, social protection and integration.
Year 2013
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
273 Report

Human trafficking : Georgia

Authors Natia CHELIDZE
Description
Georgia is a country of origin, transit and destination for victims of trafficking in persons, as well as a place where they are exploited. In order to combat human trafficking, Georgia has for several years been dynamically carrying out a series of activities, in terms of elaborating and efficiently implementing relevant legislative base. In its report dated February 7, 2012 concerning Georgia, the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) of the Council of Europe underlined the progress achieved in combating human trafficking. This progress includes the adoption of specific legislation against trafficking, the establishment of an inter-agency coordination council for combating trafficking in persons, and a state fund for supporting victims of trafficking, as well as an increase in the ratio of budgetary funds to be allocated for the assistance of victims.1
Year 2013
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274 Report

Beratung und Vermittlung von Flüchtlingen

Principal investigator Holger Bähr (Principal Investigator), Martin Dietz (Principal Investigator), Barbara Knapp (Principal Investigator)
Description
Das Projekt untersucht die Beratung und Vermittlung von Asylsuchenden. Es stellt die Situation der Asylsuchenden in den Arbeitsagenturen und Jobcentern dar, beschreibt Maßnahmen und Programme zur Arbeitsmarktintegration und betrachtet Strukturen und Interaktionen des Vermittlungsprozesses. Ein Augenmerk wird dabei auf Schnittstellen gelegt, die sowohl innerhalb der Arbeitsagenturen zwischen Berufsberatung, arbeitgeberorientierter und arbeitnehmerorientierter Vermittlung als auch zwischen Arbeitsagenturen und Jobcentern bestehen. Die Schnittstelle zwischen Arbeitsagenturen und Jobcentern entsteht, wenn frühere Asylsuchende als anerkannte Flüchtlinge aus dem Rechtskreis des SGB III in den Rechtskreis des SGB II wechseln. Projektmethode Die Datenbasis des Projekts beruht im Wesentlichen auf leitfadengestützten Interviews mit Expertinnen und Experten in ausgewählten Arbeitsagenturen. Ergänzend werden in den Jobcentern derselben Agenturbezirke ebenfalls leitfadengestützte Interviews mit Expertinnen und Experten geführt. Projektziel Das Ziel des Projekts liegt in der Beantwortung folgender Frage: Wodurch zeichnet sich der Beratungs- und Vermittlungsprozess von Asylsuchenden aus? Im Mittelpunkt steht dabei die Arbeitsmarktintegration dieser Personengruppe. Es sollen Merkmale benannt werden, die die Arbeitsmarktintegration unterstützen oder behindern können.
Year 2016
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276 Project

When asylum policies go local : the case of socially-useful works for asylum-seekers

Authors Andrea PETTRACHIN
Year 2019
Journal Name Italian political science, 2019, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 1-20
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278 Journal Article

Migrants', 'mobile citizens' and the borders of exclusion in the European Union

Authors Martin RUHS
Year 2018
Book Title Debating European citizenship
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280 Book Chapter

Die Dritte Generation

Principal investigator Christian Hunkler (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Inhalt und Fragestellung Die Lebenssituation der dritten Generation ist für die Integrationsforschung von besonderer Bedeutung. Herkömmliche Theorien folgen zwei unterschiedlichen Erwartungen: Während die klassische Assimilationstheorie von einer im Vergleich zur ersten und zweiten Generation weiter fortgeschrittenen, nun nahezu vollständigen Integration ausgeht, steht dem vor allem die durch Herbert Gans bekannt gewordene Gegenthese eines zumindest partiellen ‚ethnic revivals‘ entgegen, demzufolge die Enkel der (direkten) Migrant*innen ihre ethnische Zugehörigkeit symbolisch hervorheben. Gleichzeitig wird vermutet, dass die Nachkommen der klassischen Arbeitsmigrant*innen in Deutschland weiterhin strukturell benachteiligt sind. Obwohl die Frage nach dem relativen Stand der Integration der dritten Generation im Vergleich zur zweiten von zentraler Bedeutung für die langfristige gesellschaftliche Entwicklung ist, liegen dazu bislang erstaunlich wenige empirische Befunde vor und eine systematische vergleichende Analyse zentraler Integrationsindikatoren steht noch aus. Dies liegt vor allem an der Datenlage, denn die dritte Generation lässt sich bislang nur in wenigen Datensätzen einigermaßen trennscharf identifizieren. Dort wo es möglich ist, sind die Fallzahlen oft zu gering, um aussagekräftige Analysen durchzuführen, auch weil der Generationenvergleich nur bei einer adäquaten Kontrolle von Kompositionseffekten sinnvoll ist. Methodik In diesem Projekt soll eine solche systematische und langfristige Beobachtung der dritten Generation, relativ zur ersten und zweiten, aufgebaut werden. Arbeitsschritte Den ersten Schritt bildet dabei eine Übersicht bzw. eine Metaanalyse von Studien, die Analysen über die dritte Generation enthalten. Dann werden schrittweise vorhandene Surveys daraufhin überprüft, ob und wie sie eine Identifikation der dritten Generation zulassen und ob sie sich durch Sekundäranalysen, gegebenenfalls auch durch Kumulation einzelner Datensätze, für entsprechende weitere Analysen nutzbar machen lassen. Am Ende dieser Projektphase steht ein ausführlicher Bericht, der den Stand des Wissens über die relativen Erfolge der dritten Generation im Hinblick auf die derzeitige Studien- und Datenlage zusammenfasst. Damit verbunden wird eine ausführliche Beurteilung, wie sich dies perspektivisch in eine langfristige Beobachtung umsetzen lässt. Dies wird gegebenenfalls in einen Antrag auf eine notwendige Datenerhebung für spätere Projektphasen münden."
Year 2018
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281 Project

Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Democracy

Principal investigator Lina Antara (Principal Investigator), Armend Bekaj (Principal Investigator)
Description
Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Integration von Flüchtlingen sind zu einer Kernfrage der Politik in Deutschland und Europa geworden. Die aktuellen Expertengespräche und die politischen Debatten konzentrieren sich vor allem auf die soziale und wirtschaftliche Seite der Integration, während das Spektrum der bürgerlichen und politischen Partizipation deutlich weniger präsent ist. Um einer Marginalisierung von Flüchtlingen schon frühzeitig entgegenzuwirken und bürgerliche und politische Partizipation zu berücksichtigen, unterstützt die Robert Bosch Stiftung das Vorhaben vom "International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance" (IDEA). Das Internationale IDEA führt ein globales Forschungsprojekt über Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der politischen Partizipation von Geflüchteten durch.
Year 2016
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284 Project

Legal aspects of combating human trafficking in Georgia

Authors Gaga GABRICHIDZE
Description
Trafficking in persons was criminalized in Georgia in 2003 when the relevant provisions were included in the Criminal Code of Georgia. 1 28 April 2006, the Parliament of Georgia adopted the Law on Combating Trafficking in Persons. This law, as the name suggests, stipulates the legal and organizational grounds for preventing and combating human trafficking. It also sets the legal status of victims. In the same year the Georgian Parliament ratified the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. In 2007, a provision was added to the Criminal Code of Georgia. This criminalized the use of services of a victim of human trafficking.2
Year 2013
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285 Report

Vertreibung in Afrika: Interessenvertretung und Politische Spannungen von Migrationsgovernance

Principal investigator Franzisca Zanker (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Im Februar 2019 versammelten sich die afrikanischen Führungsspitzen in Addis Abeba, Äthiopien, für den 32. AU Gipfel bei dem verkündet wurde, das Jahr den „Geflüchteten, Zurückkehrenden und Binnenvertriebenen“ auf dem Kontinent zu widmen. Politische Entscheidungen müssen jedoch von den individuellen Mitgliedstaaten umgesetzt werden und die politischen Dimensionen wie (und mit wem) einzelne afrikanische Staaten Migration in ihren eigenen Kontexten bewältigen ist weitgehend immer noch unterforscht, trotz der politischen Aufmerksamkeit die (afrikanische) Migration in jüngster Zeit bekommt. Dieses Projekt strebt an, empirisch auf diese Forschungslücke zu reagieren und die politischen Interessen und gesellschaftlichen Diskurse zu beleuchten, die mit Migrationsgovernance in (und zwischen) vier Fällen in Sub-Sahara Afrika verbunden sind, namentlich Süd Sudan, Uganda, Zimbabwe und Südafrika. Diese Variation erlaubt einen Vergleich von Gast- und Entsendeländern, unterschiedlichen Konfliktarten sowie regionalen Unterschieden. Menschen sind auf unterschiedliche Arten und Weisen in Bewegung und nur durch die Betrachtung wie insgesamt mit Geflüchteten und anderen Migrant*innen umgegangen wird, können wir nachvollziehen, wie verschiedenen Formen von Migration womöglich politisch instrumentalisiert oder gegeneinander ausgespielt werden. Aus diesem Grund versteht dieses Projekt Vertreibung als nur eine Form von Migration (neben z.B. reguläre und irreguläre Auswanderung und Einwanderung). Theoretisch wird das Forschungsprojekt anstreben Migrations- und Konfliktforschung zu verbinden. Insbesondere Debatten über Friedensförderung erweitern unser Verständnis der politischen Dimension von Migration aus mehreren Gründen. Erstens, ähnlich wie bei der Friedensförderung, baut Migrationsgovernance auf einem komplexen Zusammenspiel von diversen Akteuren auf, das u.a. auch die politische Handlungsfähigkeit von nichtstaatlichen Akteuren hervorhebt. Zweitens, können wir die Idee der Intervention – sowohl externe und interne- als heuristisches Werkzeug nutzen, um die unterschiedlichen politischen Auswirkungen zu differenzieren, die verschiedene Ebenen von Migrationsgovernance haben können. Darauf aufbauend wird das Projekt außerdem die verschiedenen Interessenvertretungen (staatliche und nichtstaatliche) betrachten, die bei der strategischen Entwicklung von Migrationsgovernance beteiligt sind, und ihre Rolle sowie die Art der Einflussnahme beleuchten. Somit wendet das Projekt eine mehrstufige Perspektive an, um zwischen verschiedenen Arten von Handlungsebenen(extern/intern) und Akteuren (staatlich/nichtstaatlich) zu differenzieren. Methodisch ist die Forschung qualitativ und umfasst eine Mischung aus Sekundärforschung (Süd Sudan, Zimbabwe) und Feldforschung (Uganda, Südafrika), welche Interviews und Fokusgruppen beinhaltet. Um partizipative Forschung zu ermöglichen und Ungleichheiten in der Wissensproduktion zu reduzieren, wird die Forschung in enger Kooperation mit Afrikanischen Forscher*innen durchgeführt werden."
Year 2019
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286 Project

Türkiye'de sığınmacı olmak: Belirsizlikler içinde yaşamak

Year 2015
Journal Name Birikim
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287 Journal Article

Civic stratification and crime. A comparison of asylum migrants with different legal statuses

Authors Arjen Leerkes, Godfried Engbersen, Erik Snel, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name Crime, Law & Social Change
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289 Journal Article

Narrative analysis of Syrians, South Sudanese and Libyans transiting in Egypt: a motivation-opportunity-ability approach

Authors Hélène Syed Zwick
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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290 Journal Article

MEDAM assessment report on asylum and migration policies in Europe

Authors Mikkel BARSLUND, Matthias LÜCKE, Martin RUHS
Description
In this 2019 MEDAM Assessment Report, we present insights from MEDAM research and policy dialogue since 2016 to explain how closer cooperation among EU member states and with countries of origin and transit can improve outcomes for all stakeholders. Crucially, short of establishing a new Iron Curtain on the EU’s external border or continuing to tolerate abuses, there is no way that either individual member states or the EU as a whole can insulate themselves from irregular migrants and asylum seekers. Yet, if crossing the EU border enabled all irregular migrants to remain in the EU for good, the integrity of EU visa and asylum policies would be undermined. Thus, close cooperation with countries of origin for the return and readmission of their citizens who have no right to remain in the EU is crucial. Still, it is typically not in the interest of countries of origin to limit the mobility of their citizens. Cooperation between the EU and countries of origin must therefore cover a wide enough range of policies to ensure that all parties consistently benefit from the policy package and have a strong incentive to meet their commitments. We emphasize more EU support for refugees hosted by low- and middle-income countries and more legal employment opportunities for non-EU citizens in the EU. Rethinking EU asylum and migration policies along these lines requires extensive consultations and negotiations among stakeholders in Europe and in countries of origin and transit. Our ‘insights’ are meant to inform and stimulate such conversations. However, sustainable reforms will come only as the result of stakeholders working out the details and developing a sense of ownership of the necessary reforms. Our first set of insights relates to popular attitudes toward immigration and the structure of public preferences for asylum and refugee protection policies (section 2 of this report). Next, we explain how the EU and countries of origin and transit can all benefit from cooperating on border management, refugee protection, and expanding legal labor migration to the EU (section 3). Finally, we consider the implications for cooperation among EU member states and the long-standing plans for reform of the European asylum system (section 4).
Year 2019
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291 Report

‘Stick Them to the Cross’: Anti-Trafficking Apps and the Production of Ignorance

Authors Jonathan Mendel, Kiril Sharapov
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Human Trafficking
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292 Journal Article

Asylum-seekers’ integration: The time has come

Authors Haris MALAMIDIS
Year 2019
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293 Policy Brief

Public opinion, mobilizations and policies concerning asylum seekers and refugees in anti-immigrants times (Europe and Belgium)

Principal investigator Andrea Rea (Coordinator), Marco Martiniello (Partner), Bart Meuleman (Partner)
Description
The European challenges in the field of migration have an impact on society, since the division between them opposed to newcomers and welcoming them has been continuously increasing. The project addresses the perceptions of the Belgian and European population about refugees/migrants and vice versa as well as their interactions with the policy agenda of asylum and migration with a European comparative perspective and a specific focus on Belgium. As Europe face important migratory challenges and political difficulties we have seen an increase of the public opinion’s polarisation regarding asylum and refugees, it is important to address this question. Including teams from our project will analyse this polarisation and its links to policies, as it is necessary for a better understanding of the current debate on migration in Europe and Belgium. The 2015 asylum crisis will be considered as indicative of the general European and Belgian citizens’ reactions about migration. The focus is then on attitudes, representations, discourses and practices about refugees, on the interactions at the local level between the majority populations and newly arrived migrants. The project will follow two objectives. First studying public opinion towards asylum seekers and refugees with a European cross- national perspective but also how these groups perceive Belgium, its asylum system and its reception policies. The second objective is to analyse the polarisation of the public opinion by focussing on pro and anti-refugees’ actions at the local level. This will allow understanding the links between public opinion and the implementation of asylum and reception policies. In order to fulfil these objectives, our project is based on 5 Work Packages that each focus on a specific dimension. The first two ones aim at developing a European comparative perspective on perceptions towards migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. This then includes a quantitative analysis of public opinion’s perceptions towards new immigration flows as well as a comparison of 5 European case studies (Sweden, Italy, Grece, Hungary and Germany). The three other work packages aim at a deep analysis of the Belgian situation. First, they consist of understanding actions and reactions towards asylum seekers and refugees at a local level. This implies to study the opposite reactions with an in-depth analysis of their content, justifications and determinants but also to focus on interactions between social groups (pro vs. anti migrants groups; ional citizens & refugees) as well as the interactions between the population’s reaction and the implementation of asylum and receptions policies. Second, studying the Belgian situation implies to analyse asylum seekers and refugees perceptions regarding the country’s asylum and reception policies. Lastly, it implies to realise a policy evaluation of those policies.
Year 2017
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294 Project

Between Mobility and Migration: The Consequences and Governance of Intra-European Movement

Authors Mark van Ostaijen, Peter Scholten
Year 2018
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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296 Book Chapter

Integration Survey: Determinants and Indicators of Integration and Segregation of the Foreign Population

Authors Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung (BiB)
Description
This study aims to portray causes and factors that promote or impede the integration of the foreign population in Germany. For this reason, approx. 2,400 immigrants of Italian and Turkish origin were asked about their living conditions, behaviours and attitudes. The question of the forms of and determining factors for integration of the foreign population is increasingly gaining significance with the permanent settlement of the groups that immigrated as former “guest workers” and their progeny. However, there is frequently a lack of suitable data to provide empirically substantiated answers to questions much discussed by society such as: How far has the integration of persons with migration backgrounds (immigrants) progressed in the educational and vocational areas, and how can we explain their distance to the Germans, if any? What is the situation with regard to the interest and participation of immigrants in the political and social spheres? Are the numbers of interethnic marriages and friendships increasing, and are there differences in this regard between the nationalities? These questions are especially urgent when it is a matter of the “second” or “third generation” of immigrants, since the integration or segregation of this group will decisively characterize society in Germany in coming decades. For these reasons, in July 2000 the market and opinion research institute BIK Aschpurwis und Behrens, Hamburg, was commissioned with a widespread survey of immigrants of Italian and Turkish origin in the ages of 18 to 30 years as well as a German control group (each with approx. 1,200 respondents). The survey data were delivered to the BiB in late March of 2001. The survey recorded items concerning living conditions, behaviour and attitudes. The core themes consisted of school, vocational, social, linguistic and identification integration; the type and extent of contacts to the ethnic community and its institutions; attitudes towards life in Germany and political participation as well as familial living conditions and attitudes. Due to the thematic breadth of the survey and the large number of respondents, the data enable substantiated assertions on the integrative patterns of the groups studied. The data of the Integration Survey can be accessed at GESIS under the study number ZA4821.
Year 2010
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297 Data Set

Benchmark study on asylum practices in Switzerland, Denmark and United Kingdom regarding Iraqi, Somali and Eritrean asylum seekers

Principal investigator Martin Wagner (Project Coordinator)
Description
The Swiss Federal Office for Migration (BFM) has commissioned the ICMPD to undertake a comparative study of asylum procedures in Switzerland, Denmark and United Kingdom regarding claims of particularly Iraqi, Somali and Eritrean asylum seekers. Objectives The study aims to comparatively describe current developments in asylum policies and practices in the selected countries and to relate them to: • changes in the number of asylum claims submitted by the target group • changes in the perception of attractiveness of the destination countries: CH, DK, UK Outcomes • Comparative analysis of asylum and return policies in CH, DK, UK. • Statistical analysis on asylum claims of Iraqi, Somali and Eritrean asylum seekers submitted in CH, DK, UK.
Year 2008
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298 Project

Integration policies : country report for Croatia

Authors Simona KUTI
Description
The report provides a description of the main policy documents, initiatives and actors dealing with immigrant integration in Croatia. After introductory remarks concerning the context and recent migration flows to Croatia – which are composed mainly of citizens from the countries of former Yugoslavia – the report identifies main target groups and the focus of integration measures, as well as the main policy tools implemented thus far. The third section focuses on forms of engagement by civil society organisations concerning integration – providing services and various forms of assistance, primarily to asylum seekers, refugees and persons under subsidiary protection. Given that the main policy measures are in the early stages of development or planned for upcoming periods, it is premature to fully assess their implementation. However, since most of the current measures target asylum seekers, asylum grantees and subsidiary protection beneficiaries it will be necessary to develop new integration instruments or extend the applicability of the existing ones to different categories of immigrants, to correspond to the envisaged future role of Croatia as an immigration country.
Year 2014
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299 Report

Towards Sustainable Reintegration: Impact of International Intervention on Minority Returns in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo

Authors Silvia Cittadini
Year 2014
Journal Name PECOB's Paper Series
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
300 Journal Article
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