Development Studies

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Migration and development research is moving far beyond remittances

Authors Michael CLEMENS, Çağlar ÖZDEN, Hillel RAPOPORT
Year 2014
Journal Name World Development, 2012, 40, 10, 1999–2013
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2 Journal Article

Migration and development research is moving far beyond remittances

Authors Michael CLEMENS, Çağlar ÖZDEN, Hillel RAPOPORT
Year 2014
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3 Working Paper

Social Remittances and Migration (Sub-)Cultures in Contemporary Poland

Authors Anne White
Year 2016
Journal Name Central and Eastern European Migration Review
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5 Journal Article

Politics and the migration-development nexus: the EU and the Arab SEM countries

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
In the hope of regulating migratory flows, the European Council endorsed a “global approach” to migration in December 2005, an approach which is based on the correction of the “deep causes of migration”: poverty, unemployment and development gaps between North and South. Besides liberalising economies and trade systems, a set of measures are advocated in order to enhance home countries’ development by using “migration [as a] medicine against migration”: stimulating the remittance of funds back to the country of origin; expanding the role of diasporas settled in member states; reinforcing circular migration schemes and facilitating return movements; and improving the management of the emigration of the highly-skilled in order to curb “brain drain”. The paper focuses on the Arab South and East Mediterranean (SEM) countries. It challenges the views, implicit in EU migration policies, that migration is entirely rooted in economics and that migrants’ agency alone is able to spur development in the origin country. Using the theoretical background of political economy with a neo-institutional approach to migration, it explores the stakes, the outreaches and the outcomes of the migration and development nexus. By so doing, it re-politicizes migration and development and emphasises the structural and contextual dimension of factors pushing on migration and hampering development: unemployment and high professional turn over; economic liberalisation and deregulation policies, and socio-political “blockages” (gender inequalities, patronage, clientelism and corruption, lack of public expression). Moreover, the analysis of SEM country practices in the field of migration management and engineering migration for development shows how the design of policies and the channelling of flows respond to political and demographic stakes in the various national contexts. Migration patterns act as a political shield for regimes in the region that: allows these regimes to monitor political opposition; renews socio-cultural elites; and decreases the economic opportunities in national economies, due to corruption and patronage. Current policies also reconstruct state-society/expatriates relations, through (controlled) economic participation and socio-cultural solidarity. They do not, however, lead to political participation. The paper thus concludes that amendments to macro-political contexts in the SEM countries are more likely than liberalisation policies to curb emigration flows, by engineering global social and political development. As a matter of fact, the onset and patterns of the Arab revolutions since December 2010 aptly confirm the need for political reform in the region. Adoptée par le Conseil européen en décembre 2005, l’Approche globale des migrations est axée sur la correction des « causes profondes de la migration » (la pauvreté, le chômage, les écarts de développement entre nord et sud) afin d’en réguler les flux. Parmi les mesures préconisées figurent la facilitation de l’envoi de fonds vers les pays d’origine (transparence des coûts, développement de l’accès aux services financiers), l’encouragement du rôle des diasporas implantées dans les États membres (aider les pays en développement à identifier leur diaspora et à établir des liens), le renforcement de la migration circulaire et la facilitation du retour, une meilleure gestion des migrations de personnes hautement qualifiées afin de limiter la « fuite des cerveaux ». Cette étude traite des pays arabes du sud et de l’est de la Méditerranée (SEM). Elle met en question les représentations, contenues dans les politiques migratoires de l’UE, de la migration comme facteur purement économique, mais aussi des migrants comme agents d’un développement à grande échelle dans leurs pays d’origine. Le cadre théorique de l’économie politique et les approches néo-institutionnelles des migrations, utilisés ici, permettent de dégager les enjeux et la portée du lien entre migration et développement sur le terrain arabe. L’étude ‘re-politise’ ces deux processus. Elle met en relief la dimension structurelle des facteurs déclenchant l’émigration et entravant les processus de développement : les caractéristiques du marché du travail, les politiques de libéralisation des économies et les « blocages » sociopolitiques (inégalités hommes-femmes, clientélisme et corruption, obstacles à l’expression publique). En outre, l’analyse des politiques migratoires menées dans les pays du SEM montre que ces mesures répondent aux enjeux politiques et démographiques particuliers aux divers contextes nationaux de la région. Elles permettent aux régimes en place de contrôler l’opposition politique, le renouvellement des élites socioculturelles et les conséquences de la contraction des opportunités économiques, due à la corruption et au clientélisme. Les politiques migratoires participent également d’une restructuration des relations États-sociétés-expatriés autour d’une participation économique (étroitement contrôlée) et d’une solidarité socioculturelle, mais excluant toute participation politique. L’étude conclut donc que des réformes des contextes sociaux et politiques dans les pays du SEM seraient plus à même d’agir sur les flux migratoires que les réformes néolibérales. Le déclenchement des révoltes arabes en décembre 2010 confirme d’ailleurs l’urgence de ces réformes politiques.
Year 2011
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8 Report

Politics and the migration-development nexus: the EU and the Arab SEM countries

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
In the hope of regulating migratory flows, the European Council endorsed a “global approach” to migration in December 2005, an approach which is based on the correction of the “deep causes of migration”: poverty, unemployment and development gaps between North and South. Besides liberalising economies and trade systems, a set of measures are advocated in order to enhance home countries’ development by using “migration [as a] medicine against migration”: stimulating the remittance of funds back to the country of origin; expanding the role of diasporas settled in member states; reinforcing circular migration schemes and facilitating return movements; and improving the management of the emigration of the highly-skilled in order to curb “brain drain”. The paper focuses on the Arab South and East Mediterranean (SEM) countries. It challenges the views, implicit in EU migration policies, that migration is entirely rooted in economics and that migrants’ agency alone is able to spur development in the origin country. Using the theoretical background of political economy with a neo-institutional approach to migration, it explores the stakes, the outreaches and the outcomes of the migration and development nexus. By so doing, it re-politicizes migration and development and emphasises the structural and contextual dimension of factors pushing on migration and hampering development: unemployment and high professional turn over; economic liberalisation and deregulation policies, and socio-political “blockages” (gender inequalities, patronage, clientelism and corruption, lack of public expression). Moreover, the analysis of SEM country practices in the field of migration management and engineering migration for development shows how the design of policies and the channelling of flows respond to political and demographic stakes in the various national contexts. Migration patterns act as a political shield for regimes in the region that: allows these regimes to monitor political opposition; renews socio-cultural elites; and decreases the economic opportunities in national economies, due to corruption and patronage. Current policies also reconstruct state-society/expatriates relations, through (controlled) economic participation and socio-cultural solidarity. They do not, however, lead to political participation. The paper thus concludes that amendments to macro-political contexts in the SEM countries are more likely than liberalisation policies to curb emigration flows, by engineering global social and political development. As a matter of fact, the onset and patterns of the Arab revolutions since December 2010 aptly confirm the need for political reform in the region. Adoptée par le Conseil européen en décembre 2005, l’Approche globale des migrations est axée sur la correction des « causes profondes de la migration » (la pauvreté, le chômage, les écarts de développement entre nord et sud) afin d’en réguler les flux. Parmi les mesures préconisées figurent la facilitation de l’envoi de fonds vers les pays d’origine (transparence des coûts, développement de l’accès aux services financiers), l’encouragement du rôle des diasporas implantées dans les États membres (aider les pays en développement à identifier leur diaspora et à établir des liens), le renforcement de la migration circulaire et la facilitation du retour, une meilleure gestion des migrations de personnes hautement qualifiées afin de limiter la « fuite des cerveaux ». Cette étude traite des pays arabes du sud et de l’est de la Méditerranée (SEM). Elle met en question les représentations, contenues dans les politiques migratoires de l’UE, de la migration comme facteur purement économique, mais aussi des migrants comme agents d’un développement à grande échelle dans leurs pays d’origine. Le cadre théorique de l’économie politique et les approches néo-institutionnelles des migrations, utilisés ici, permettent de dégager les enjeux et la portée du lien entre migration et développement sur le terrain arabe. L’étude ‘re-politise’ ces deux processus. Elle met en relief la dimension structurelle des facteurs déclenchant l’émigration et entravant les processus de développement : les caractéristiques du marché du travail, les politiques de libéralisation des économies et les « blocages » sociopolitiques (inégalités hommes-femmes, clientélisme et corruption, obstacles à l’expression publique). En outre, l’analyse des politiques migratoires menées dans les pays du SEM montre que ces mesures répondent aux enjeux politiques et démographiques particuliers aux divers contextes nationaux de la région. Elles permettent aux régimes en place de contrôler l’opposition politique, le renouvellement des élites socioculturelles et les conséquences de la contraction des opportunités économiques, due à la corruption et au clientélisme. Les politiques migratoires participent également d’une restructuration des relations États-sociétés-expatriés autour d’une participation économique (étroitement contrôlée) et d’une solidarité socioculturelle, mais excluant toute participation politique. L’étude conclut donc que des réformes des contextes sociaux et politiques dans les pays du SEM seraient plus à même d’agir sur les flux migratoires que les réformes néolibérales. Le déclenchement des révoltes arabes en décembre 2010 confirme d’ailleurs l’urgence de ces réformes politiques.
Year 2011
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13 Report

Marriage migration in Southeast and East Asia revisited through a migration-development nexus lens

Authors Chinsung Chung, Keuntae Kim, Nicola Piper
Year 2016
Journal Name CRITICAL ASIAN STUDIES
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15 Journal Article

Emigration, return and development in Cape Verde: the impact of closing borders

Authors Jørgen Carling
Year 2004
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
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19 Journal Article

Citoyennete active et implications territoriales en Ile-de-France

Principal investigator Catherine Neveu (Principal Investigator)
Description
L’objectif de la recherche en cours est double : d’une part revisiter les relations migration/développement en les inscrivant dans la circulation migratoire, et en portant un intérêt particulier aux transformations des sociétés liées aux interactions spatiales et sociales en matière de développement local, économique, social et politique, tant dans les pays de départ que d’arrivée. D’autre part, analyser les processus originaux par lesquels les migrants et leurs enfants s’inscrivent dans la société française tout en maintenant, voire en développant, des formes multiples d’appartenance, d’identification et d’engagement public, tant vis-à-vis de leurs espaces de vie que de ceux d’origine des familles. Les différentes formes de circulation et d’ancrage, les logiques et les enjeux qui les sous-tendent, seront analysés au-delà de la dualité « immigré-étranger » ou « assimilation-retour ». Nous proposons pour cela de travailler sur la notion d’appartenance (à la fois au sens d’adhésion volontaire et de sentiment), dont la plasticité permet de s’adapter en fonction de la capacité à circuler ou faire circuler, et qui renvoie aux notions d’ancrage territorial, d’identités multiples, et d’engagement. Cette recherche-action a donc pour objectif de dépasser les approches dichotomiques qui s’interrogent sur « l’intégration » des populations lorsqu’elles traitent du mouvement associatif « issu de l’immigration », et orientent ces populations vers une obligation de retour lorsqu’elles abordent la question du développement. Il s’agira alors de saisir, dans le même mouvement, processus de circulations et d’ancrages, tant du point de vue des populations migrantes et de leurs enfants, que de celui de leurs partenaires institutionnels.
Year 2009
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21 Project

National strategy for migration and asylum : an attempt of holistic and integrated approach towards migration issues in Moldova

Authors Alex OPRUNENCO
Description
The labour migration has been a paramount phenomenon that has affected Moldova’s society in numerous ways over the last decade. In response to this development the country’s institutional set-up and policy framework evolved significantly. The current state of policy thinking on migration is increasingly driven by the following factors: consolidation of the role of state in managing the developments in this area; progressive adjustment to European policy framework; strengthening of the migration-development nexus and attempts at leveraging human and financial capital of Diaspora into development; fight against illegal migration that appear to be of strong concern for both international community and Moldovan society. At the same time the institutional set-up and policy framework remained disparate and not enough correlated with each other. The newly drafted National Strategy on Migration and Asylum apparently should address these challenges and bridge the existing gaps. Moreover, the Strategy seeks to link realm of migration and asylum to the general development policy framework of the country. Thus, the Strategy marks a new stage in development of the migration management in Moldova and should address the migration-driven challenges in a comprehensive manner and in full compliance with the European commitments of the country.
Year 2012
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23 Report

Migration of Low Skilled Workers from India to the European Union

Authors S.K. SASIKUMAR, Rakkee THIMOTHY
Description
This study explores factors that initiate and perpetuate low skill labour migration from India to the EU, examines the migration processes and evaluates the policy prescriptions available to manage such migration flows. Based on a survey of the available quantitative and qualitative evidence, our study points to the existence of a fairly stable and persistent demand for low skilled labour in the EU, at least in the medium term. As this demand cannot be fully met from within the EU, there is and will remain a strong demand for low skilled migrant workers from non-EU countries. This offers immense scope for traditional labour sending countries like India as well as destination countries in the EU to strengthen the migration–development nexus. Unfortunately, on both sides, there seems to be an absence of a coherent and focused policy for governing migration of low skilled workers. Considering that migration of low skilled workers from India is mainly directed to the Persian Gulf, the study also makes a comparison between the existing immigration policies in EU countries and the Persian Gulf in order to draw relevant policy perspectives. Evolving appropriate policy response in relation to low skilled migration to Europe is also necessary given that a significant share of such workers end up as irregular migrants in transit or at the destination.
Year 2012
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25 Report

Biopolitics, Resistance and the Neoliberal Development Paradigm

Authors Tiina Seppälä
Year 2014
Journal Name Journal für Entwicklungspolitik
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33 Journal Article

Migration and Development: A Theoretical Perspective

Authors Hein de Haas
Year 2010
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 403
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34 Journal Article

What drives Senegalese migration to Europe? The role of economic restructuring, labor demand, and the multiplier effect of networks

Authors Pau Baizán, Amparo González-Ferrer
Year 2016
Journal Name Demographic Research
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36 Journal Article

“Why villagers stay put – A structural equation model on staying intentions”

Authors Thomas Dufhues, Judith Möllers, Diana Traikova, ...
Year 2021
Journal Name Journal of Rural Studies
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38 Journal Article

Rethinking knowledge, power, agency: learning from displaced and slum communities in Bangladesh

Authors Afroja Khanam, Tiina Seppälä
Year 2020
Book Title Ethics and Politics of Space for the Anthropocene
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39 Book Chapter

Beating the odds: Supporting youth on the move to become successful entrepreneurs

Authors Stephen Hunt, Michele Dimastrogiovanni
Description
This report explores how entrepreneurship support organisations (ESOs) and other stakeholders can help youth on the move (refugees and other migrants and displaced youth) fulfil their entrepreneurial dreams and ambitions —creating decent work, driving inclusive economic growth, strengthening communities, and transforming prospects and livelihoods.
Year 2020
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40 Report

Beating the odds: Supporting youth on the move to become successful entrepreneurs

Authors Stephen Hunt, Michele Dimastrogiovanni
Description
This report explores how entrepreneurship support organisations (ESOs) and other stakeholders can help youth on the move (refugees and other migrants and displaced youth) fulfil their entrepreneurial dreams and ambitions —creating decent work, driving inclusive economic growth, strengthening communities, and transforming prospects and livelihoods.
Year 2020
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41 Report

Governing protracted displacement: An analysis across global, regional and domestic contexts

Authors Nuno Ferreira, Carolien Jacobs, Pamela Kea, ...
Year 2020
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42 Working Paper

Human mobility, pedagogy of migrations and cultural intelligence: Founding elements of transformative pedagogy

Authors Giovanna Del Gobbo, Francesco De Maria, Glenda Galeotti, ...
Year 2020
Book Title REMix: The university as an advocate for responsible education about migration in Europe. Inclusive societies. A textbook for interdisciplinary migration studies.
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43 Book Chapter

Africa and EU Migratory Policy: The current situation and challenges

Authors Gema Serón, Lorenzo Gabrielli
Year 2019
Book Title Africa Report. Cross-Border dynamics in a globalised context
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44 Book Chapter

Return to the countryside: The return intentions of highly educated young people in the Akmola province of northern Kazakhstan

Authors Gertrud Buchenrieder, Thomas Dufhues, Judith Möllers, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
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45 Journal Article

Mobile Urbanity. Somali Presence in Urban East Africa

Authors Neil Carrier, Tabea Scharrer
Year 2019
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46 Book

Portuguese policies fostering international student mobility: a colonial legacy or a new strategy?

Authors Thais França, Elisa Alves, Beatriz Padilla
Year 2018
Journal Name Globalisation, Societies and Education
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49 Journal Article

Special Issue: Gender, Development and Resistance in South Asia

Authors Tiina Seppälä
Year 2016
Journal Name Refugee Watch: A South Asian Journal on Forced Migration
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50 Journal Article

Feminizing Resistance, Decolonizing Solidarity: Contesting Neoliberal Development in the Global South

Authors Tiina Seppälä
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of Resistance Studies
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51 Journal Article

Cognitive Constructs and the Intention to Remit

Authors Judith Möllers, Wiebke Meyer, Sherif Xhema, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name The Journal of Development Studies
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52 Journal Article

Pastoralism and Development in Africa: Dynamic Change at the Margins

Authors Andy Catley, Jeremy Lind, Ian Scoones
Year 2013
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53 Book

Quarto rapporto sulle migrazioni 1998

Authors Fondazione Ismu
Description
Questo Rapporto intende costituire uno strumento di informazione e di aggiornamento, peraltro non unico e non esaustivo, che si alimenta soprattutto da esperienze e ricerche realizzate nell'ambito della Fondazione Cariplo per le Iniziative e lo Studio sulla Multietnicità. Sotto il profilo quantitativo, il Rapporto 1998 mostra come le dimensioni del fenomeno (aumento del numero di immigrati, la percentuale di illegali, ecc.) siano ancora lontane dalla soglia critica in cui rischiano di suscitare conflitti interetnici e interculturali non governabili. Sotto il profilo qualitativo, in Italia l'immigrazione appare in larga misura ancora più causata da fattori di espulsione dai paesi di esodo, fattori che sono sia di natura politica sia di natura economico-sociale. Sotto il profilo del governo del fenomeno migratorio il 1998 è un anno di cambiamenti rilevanti. L'evento più significativo per le politiche per l'immigrazione è stato l'approvazione della legge del 6 marzo 1998, n. 40, Disciplina dell'emigrazione e norme sulla condizione dello straniero , alla luce della quale vengono affrontati gli aspetti salienti in questo Rapporto. Esso è organizzato in tre ambiti tematici: il primo, il "quadro generale", fornisce i dati di base del fenomeno; il secondo, le "aree di attenzione", consente di cogliere le principali tendenze delle migrazioni; il terzo, "temi emergenti", focalizza l'attenzione su aspetti di particolare attualità anche a livello internazionale.
Year 1999
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56 Report
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