Diaspora engagement policies

Diasporas refer to migrants or descendants of migrants; other terms used in the literature are expatriates or transnational communities. Diaspora engagement policies consist of a variety of government measures aimed at engaging, maintaining or developing a relationship with their diaspora living abroad. These policies include ensuring the rights and protection of diaspora members and reinforcing national identity or sense of belonging, fostering strong relations and facilitating diaspora contributions to a country’s social and economic development (i.e. remittances). Results displayed under this category refer to research on policies, laws, legislation, regulation or measures that apply to members of the society who reside abroad.

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The Diaspora and the Politics of Development

Authors Dominic Pasura
Book Title African Transnational Diasporas
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1 Book Chapter

Sending Country Policies

Authors Eva Østergaard-Nielsen
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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2 Book Chapter

Revisiting the Remittance Mantra: A Study of Migration-Development Policy Formation in Tanzania

Authors Peter Hansen
Year 2012
Journal Name International Migration
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3 Journal Article

Assessing "Global Lithuania": the strengths and weaknesses of Lithuanian diaspora engagement strategy

Authors Dangis Gudelis, Luka Klimaviciute
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF BALTIC STUDIES
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4 Journal Article

Feeding the Ties to "Home": Diaspora Policies for the Next Generations

Authors Rilke Mahieu
Year 2015
Journal Name International Migration
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5 Journal Article

A Global Nation? The Evolution of Emigration and Diaspora Policies in Portugal (1960–2016)

Authors Ana Paula Horta, José Santana-Pereira
Book Title Emigration and diaspora policies in the age of mobility
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6 Book Chapter

Tapping into the Potential of Academic Diaspora for Homeland Development: the Case of Nigeria

Authors Francis Amagoh, Taiabur Rahman
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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7 Journal Article

The Punjabi Diaspora in the UK: An overview of characteristics and contributions to India

Authors Rupa CHANDA, Sriparna GHOSH
Description
The recognition of diaspora contributions towards their home country through remittances, investments and networks has facilitated a shift in attitude and thinking regarding migration, from brain drain to “brain bank”, “brain gain”, “brain trust” and “brain circulation”. This shift in thinking is also evident in India in recognition of the manifold contributions being made by the Indian diaspora to the home country. This paper examines the historical and socio-economic characteristics of one important Indian diaspora community, the Punjabis in the UK and discusses the latter’s contributions to India and to its home state of Punjab. The evidence reveals that the NRI Punjabi diaspora in the UK is quite old, dating back to the colonial period. It is a heterogeneous community, divided by castes and sub-castes which influence the institutions through which its subgroups engage with the homeland. The secondary and primary evidence collected for this study indicate a wide variety of contributions economic, social, philanthropic, cultural and political. Some of the main sectors of contribution are health, education and rural infrastructure. However, the evidence also reveals that there is much greater potential for diaspora engagement and that large scale investments by the diaspora are deterred by corruption, an inefficient bureaucracy, lack of streamlined procedures and lack of supportive diaspora policies at the state and central levels. The study thus concludes that greater thrust is needed, especially at the state level to facilitate the Punjabi diaspora’s engagement with India and with its home regions and state.
Year 2012
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8 Report

Home States and Homeland Politics

Authors Damla B. Aksel
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9 Book

‘We’re not coming from Mars; we know how things work in Morocco!’ How diasporic Moroccan youth resists political socialisation in state-led homeland tours

Authors Rilke Mahieu
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 5
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10 Journal Article

Diaspora policy in weakly governed arenas and the benefits of multipolar engagement: lessons from the Coptic Orthodox Church in Egypt

Authors Jennifer M. Brinkerhoff
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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12 Journal Article

Diaspora as Digital Diplomatic Agents: ‘BOSNET’ and Wartime Foreign Affairs

Authors Jasmin Hasić, Dzeneta Karabegovic
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Letters
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13 Journal Article

Rethinking migration in the digital age: transglocalization and the Somali diaspora

Authors Saskia Kok, Richard Rogers
Year 2017
Journal Name Global Networks
Citations (WoS) 9
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14 Journal Article

The transnational politics of the Ethiopian Muslim diaspora

Authors Dereje Feyissa
Year 2012
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
Citations (WoS) 2
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15 Journal Article

Aiming for transitional justice? Diaspora mobilisation for youth and education in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Authors Dzeneta Karabegovic
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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16 Journal Article

Governing the Remittance Landscape for Development: Policies and Actors in Bangladesh

Authors Mohammad Moniruzzaman
Book Title Diasporas, Development and Governance
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17 Book Chapter

Emigration and diaspora policies in the age of mobility

Authors Agnieszka WEINAR
Year 2017
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18 Book

Building homeland heritage: multiple homes among the Chinese diaspora and the politics on heritage management in China

Authors Hiu Ling Chan, Christopher Cheng
Year 2016
Journal Name International Journal of Heritage Studies
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19 Journal Article

DIASPORA AND SOVEREIGNTY: THREE CASES OF PUBLIC ALARM IN THE NETHERLANDS

Authors GERTJAN DIJKINK, INGE VAN DER WELLE
Year 2009
Journal Name Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie
Citations (WoS) 2
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21 Journal Article

From emigrants to free movers: whither European emigration and diaspora policy?

Authors Agnieszka Weinar
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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22 Journal Article

Diasporas, Development and Governance

Authors Jonathan Crush, Abel Chikanda, Margaret Walton-Roberts
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23 Book

Strong in Their Weakness or Weak in Their Strength? The Case of Lebanese Diaspora Engagement with Lebanon

Authors Jennifer Skulte-Ouaiss, Paul Tabar
Year 2015
Journal Name Immigrants & Minorities
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24 Journal Article

Diaspora Engagement in India: From Non-Required Indians to Angels of Development

Authors Melissa Siegel, Metka Hercog
Book Title Emigration Nations
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25 Book Chapter

Emigration and diaspora policies in Belarus

Authors Andrei YELISEYEU
Description
In the first half of the 1990s, Belarus saw large migration flows, which since then have become considerably more moderate. The main destination countries for Belarusian emigrants are Russia, Poland, Germany, the US, and Canada. Over the last decade, temporary labour migration of Belarusians to the European Union has remained rather limited. At the same time labour migration flows of Belarusians towards Russia have increased. Belarus is a highly centralized state with regional authorities playing a marginal role in elaborating state policies, including in emigration matters. In order to curb emigration, Belarus authorities have resorted to the adoption of laws that discourage mobility. Taking into account growing labour shortages, the state policy to attract immigrants has been largely ineffective. At the same time, by September 2014 Belarus had reportedly hosted more than 25,000 Ukrainian migrants as a result of the military conflict in the Donbass region. Diaspora policy in Belarus is largely incoherent and selective. The long-awaited diaspora law is set to be adopted soon, but it fails to take into account the aspirations of diaspora members.
Year 2014
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26 Report

To share or not to share: The role of affect in knowledge sharing by individuals in a diaspora

Authors Helena Barnard, Catherine Pendock
Year 2013
Journal Name Journal of International Management
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27 Journal Article

Juxtaposing Pakistani diaspora policy with migrants’ transnational citizenship practices

Authors Marta Bivand Erdal
Year 2016
Journal Name Geoforum
Citations (WoS) 5
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28 Journal Article

Cultural or Political Diaspora: Approach of the Russian Federation

Authors Olga Tkach
Book Title Emigration and diaspora policies in the age of mobility
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29 Book Chapter

Diaspora Engagement in Ireland, North and South, in the Shadow of Brexit

Authors Johanne Devlin Trew
Book Title Rethinking the Irish Diaspora
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31 Book Chapter

Distant warriors, distant peace workers? Multiple diaspora roles in Sri Lanka's violent conflict

Authors CAMILLA ORJUELA
Year 2008
Journal Name Global Networks
Citations (WoS) 48
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32 Journal Article

Towards an Iraqi diaspora engagement policy

Authors Martin Russell, Marion Noack
Year 2017
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33 Policy Brief

A Creative Approach to Development

Authors Paul Ankomah, Trent Larson, Jerono Rotich, ...
Year 2012
Journal Name Journal of Black Studies
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34 Journal Article

Diasporas and transitional justice: transnational activism from local to global levels of engagement

Authors Maria Koinova, Dzeneta Karabegovic
Year 2017
Journal Name Global Networks
Citations (WoS) 18
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35 Journal Article

Introduction: Disaggregating Diasporas

Authors Jonathan Crush, Abel Chikanda, Margaret Walton-Roberts
Book Title Diasporas, Development and Governance
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36 Book Chapter

Goans in Portugal: Role of history and identity in shaping diaspora linkages

Authors Rupa CHANDA, Sriparna GHOSH
Description
The Portuguese colonial era in India began in 1502 and ended in 1961 with the annexation of Goa by India. This long standing colonial relationship led to a deep-rooted historical, cultural and social relationship between Goa and Portugal. Migration from Goa to Portugal, over different periods, played an important part in forging this relationship. This paper examines the history of migration from Goa to Portugal, the characteristics of the Goan community in Portugal, and its engagement with Goa and with India, based on secondary and primary sources of information. Section 2 discusses the different waves of migration from Goa to Portugal. It finds that Goans migrated to Portugal during the colonial period in search of education, then following the annexation of Goa by India in 1961, and subsequently during the 1970s when Goans “twice migrated” to Portugal from Mozambique and Angola following their independence. In recent decades, Goans have been migrating to Portugal to seek access to the larger European market. Today, there is a sizeable Goan community residing in Portugal. Sections 3 and 4 explore the question of identity as perceived by this community in Portugal. The findings indicate that history, the causal factors underlying migration, and the heterogeneity within the community in terms of background, economic and social status have a major influence on the notion of identity. One section of the community does not consider itself as a diaspora group or as expatriates or migrants as it sees itself as fully integrated with Portuguese society. Their connection is with Goa, not with India. Another section of the community views itself as belonging to India and also Goa, realizing that they have a distinct identity within Portugal. For the twice migrated, the issue of identity is even more complex as they identify with a third country and many have never lived in Goa or India. Section 5 discusses how this issue of identity has in manifested itself in different ways, such as through the community’ position on issues of minority representation within Portuguese society, through diaspora associations and networks, and the extent to which the community has engaged with and contributed back to Goa and India. It finds that due to the dilemma over identity, the community has had very weak economic and philanthropic ties with the homeland. Section 6 highlights the growing engagement between the Goan community in Portugal and India in recent years and some initiatives at the government level to deepen this engagement. However, it finds that a long term strategic vision has been lacking on the part of both the Indian and the Portuguese governments. Section 7 concludes by calling for a forward looking approach to engaging with the Goan diaspora community in Portugal. It recommends that this community be strategically leveraged not only to strengthen economic and cultural relations with Portugal but also to serve India’s larger foreign policy and geopolitical objectives in the Lusophone countries of Latin America and Africa.
Year 2012
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37 Report

Diasporas, Development and Engagement in Australia’s Asian Century

Authors Graeme Hugo
Book Title Diasporas, Development and Governance
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38 Book Chapter

Diaspora Engagement for Development in the Caribbean

Authors Indianna D. Minto-Coy
Book Title Diasporas, Development and Governance
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39 Book Chapter

Unpacking the (Diasporic) Nation: The Regionalized and Religious Identities of the ‘Indian’ Diaspora

Authors Margaret Walton-Roberts, Huzan Dordi
Book Title Diasporas, Development and Governance
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40 Book Chapter

Jakarta and Paramaribo Calling Return Migration Challenges for the Surinamese Javanese Diaspora?

Authors Peter Meel
Year 2017
Journal Name NWIG-NEW WEST INDIAN GUIDE-NIEUWE WEST-INDISCHE GIDS
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41 Journal Article

Eritrea on-line: Diaspora, cyberspace, and the public sphere

Authors Victoria Bernal
Year 2005
Journal Name American Ethnologist
Citations (WoS) 43
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42 Journal Article

Diaspora Engagement and Policy in Ethiopia

Authors Melissa Siegel, Katie Kuschminder
Book Title Emigration Nations
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43 Book Chapter

The Promise of a Welfare State: The Ecuadorian Government Strategy on Emigration and Diaspora Policies Between 2007–2016

Authors Consuelo Sánchez Bautista
Book Title Emigration and diaspora policies in the age of mobility
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45 Book Chapter

Diaspora Policies

Description
The Diaspora Policies dataset focuses on thirty-five states characterized in terms of their symbolic policies, social and economic policies, religious and cultural policies, citizenship policies and government and bureaucratic control, coded in nineteen categorical variables. The dataset includes features of diaspora policies. The dataset is composed of 19 indicators, regrouped in five headings: symbolic policies, social and economic policies, religious and cultural policies, citizenship policies and government and bureaucratic control. Data for these variables has been collected from a variety of secondary sources, as well as primary sources from states, international organizations and diaspora organizations
Year 2013
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46 Data Set

Engaging the Global Filipino Diaspora: Achieving Inclusive Growth

Authors Imelda M. Nicolas
Book Title Diasporas, Development and Governance
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47 Book Chapter

Diaspora Engagment Policies

Description
Based on review of documentary sources on state-emigrant relations, the dataset reviews how 64 states relate to their diasporas. It shows how states constitute various extra-territorial groups as members of a loyal diaspora, through a diverse range of institutions and practices. Three higher-level types of diaspora engagement policy are identified: 1 - capacity building policies, aimed at discursively producing a state-centric ‘transnational national society’, and developing a set of corresponding state institution; 2 - extending rights to the diaspora, thus playing a role that befits a legitimate sovereign, and 3 - extracting obligations from the diaspora, based on the premise that emigrants owe loyalty to this legitimate sovereign.
Year 2008
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49 Data Set

Emigration-diaspora policy nexus in migration policies of the EU Eastern Partnership countries and in Russia

Authors Shushanik MAKARYAN
Description
Provoked by more frequent discussions about the "emigration-diaspora" nexus among the researchers on international development, this policy brief, written based on the explanatory notes submitted by country-experts of CARIM-East project, explores the emigration-diaspora issues in migration policies of post-Soviet states in the EU neighborhood. As the examination of CARIM-East country experts reveals, the primary focus of emigration policies of post-Soviet states remains linked to labour migration and focuses on the prevention of emigration (and return of emigrated co-nationals), although migration policies of post-Soviet states also emphasize the need for integrating their labour-force into the international labour market. Post-Soviet governments offer various stimuli to attract their former residents to return to homeland, ranging from advocacy campaigns on business development to matching financial investments from remittances to providing grants to those trained abroad. Despite the conceptual ambiguity stemming from including labour migrants into diasporas, or as the development community has referred to -- "migrant diasporas", the policy documents of post-Soviet states use the term diasporas to refer to both permanently emigrated former citizens, and to current citizens living abroad (regardless of length of residency abroad). However, a more systematic examination is needed to understand whether and in which aspects the focus of migration policies of post-Soviet is different or overlaps for labour migrants abroad vs. diasporas.
Year 2013
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50 Report

Diaspora Formation Among Kurds in Sweden: Transborder citizenship and politics of belonging

Authors Khalid Khayati, Magnus Dahlstedt
Year 2014
Journal Name Nordic Journal of Migration Research
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51 Journal Article

Turkey’s Ever-Evolving Attitude-Shift Towards Engagement with Its Diaspora

Authors Bahar Baser
Book Title Emigration and diaspora policies in the age of mobility
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52 Book Chapter

From Economic to Political Engagement: Analysing the Changing Role of the Turkish Diaspora

Authors Melissa Siegel, Özge Bilgili
Book Title Emigration Nations
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53 Book Chapter

Governance of integration and the role of the countries of origin : a global perspective

Authors Agnieszka WEINAR, Maria Vincenza DESIDERIO, Cameron THIBOS
Year 2017
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54 Book Chapter

The Butler Affair and the Geopolitics of Identity

Authors Gerry Kearns
Year 2013
Journal Name Environment and Planning D: Society and Space
Citations (WoS) 10
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55 Journal Article

Special issue introduction: New research directions and critical perspectives on diaspora strategies

Authors Elaine Lynn-Ee Ho, Maureen Hickey, Brenda S.A. Yeoh
Year 2015
Journal Name Geoforum
Citations (WoS) 19
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56 Journal Article

Economic Integration to Send Money Back Home?

Authors Özge Bilgili
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies
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58 Journal Article

Highly Skilled Egyptian Migrants in Austria: A Case of Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

Authors Alessia Bacchi
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies
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62 Journal Article

Ethno‐sectarianism in Iraq, diaspora positionality and political transnationalism

Authors OULA KADHUM
Year 2018
Journal Name Global Networks
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63 Journal Article

Emerging Transnational Practices and Capabilities of Syrian Refugees in Turkey

Authors Zeynep Sahin Mencütek
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Letters
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65 Journal Article

Introducing emigration and diaspora policies in integration studies

Authors Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Sona KALANTARYAN, Justyna Janina SALAMONSKA, ...
Year 2017
Book Title Migrant integration between homeland and host society. Volume 2, How countries of origin impact migrant integration outcomes : an analysis
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66 Book Chapter

Post-Soviet Migration and Diasporas

Authors David Carment, Milana V. Nikolko
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67 Book

Working with the Diaspora for Development Policy Perspectives from India

Authors Alwyn Didar SINGH
Description
Human resource mobility is an essential feature of today’s globalised world where integrated world markets, networks and technologies are all contributing to the increasing movement of labour, students, professionals and families. The migrants of today are the Diaspora of tomorrow - and those of yesteryears, that of today. The Indo-European Diaspora represents a significant population in its size, spread and depth. Yet it is argued that their engagement – economic, social and cultural– with India is currently short of its potential relative to their counterparts in North America. This paper examines that relationship and suggests how both India and the EU must draw upon the Indian strategy to widen and strengthen the bridge that the Indian Diaspora represents. The paper focuses on a five select countries in the EU for this analysis, i.e. Belgium, France, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands, being countries that not only have the largest presence of Overseas Indians in mainland Europe but are also strategically important for India. The paper examines the link between Diaspora and development and concludes that it’s a relationship that needs to be nurtured for mutual benefit. It argues that the Indo-European Diaspora has contributed to the economies of the host countries and now is in a position to play a part in India’s developmental efforts. For this a conducive framework needs to be in place. The Indian Government’s policies and programmes are steps in this direction and the time is opportune for the Diaspora to evolve mutually beneficial strategies with both host and home countries to carry forward the relationship.
Year 2012
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68 Report

Recasting diaspora strategies through feminist care ethics

Authors Elaine L.-E. Ho, Mark Boyle, Brenda S.A. Yeoh
Year 2015
Journal Name Geoforum
Citations (WoS) 15
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72 Journal Article

Engagement Policies and Practices: Expanding the Citizenship of the Brazilian Diaspora

Authors Beatriz Padilla
Year 2011
Journal Name International Migration
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73 Journal Article

Issues of mutuality and sharing in the transnational spaces of heritage - contesting diaspora and homeland experiences in Palestine

Authors Feras Hammami
Year 2016
Journal Name International Journal of Heritage Studies
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75 Journal Article

Nigeria @ 50: Policies and Practices for Diaspora Engagement

Authors Naluwembe Binaisa
Book Title Emigration Nations
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77 Book Chapter

Emigration Nations

Authors Michael Collyer
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78 Book

Tunisia and its diaspora : between protection and control

Authors Stéphanie POUESSEL
Year 2017
Book Title Emigration and diaspora policies in the age of mobility
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79 Book Chapter

The Implementation of Voting from Abroad: Evidence from the 2014 Turkish Presidential Election

Authors Zeynep Sahin-Mencutek, M. Murat Erdogan
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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81 Journal Article

The migration and integration of Moroccan and Ukrainian migrants in Italy : policies and measures

Authors Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Giuseppe GABRIELLI, Salvatore STROZZA
Description
The present report looks at the integration of Moroccan and Ukrainian migrants living in Italy. Beyond being quantitatively important in the Italian context, these two groups differ largely in terms of demographic characteristics, migration patterns and insertion modalities but also with respect to emigration and diaspora policies. Two core aspects of integration are emphasized in this report. First, integration processes are evaluated from a multi-dimensional perspective. Second, the role played by origin (and destination) country determinants in facilitating or constraining integration is investigated. Origin determinants include the ties between migrants and their country of origin, country-fixed characteristics, diaspora and emigration policies at origin and the engagement and role of non-state organisations. To this aim, three sets of data have been employed, making this report largely multidisciplinary: an in-depth analytical description of the legal and political frameworks at origin and destination, a quantitative analysis and an explorative qualitative survey. This report finds evidence that integration levels, determinants and, specifically, the role of origin factors vary largely across dimensions. In the labour market, both Moroccan and Ukrainian migrants living in Italy show high levels of integration. These extremely positive performances seem due more to destination than origin factors - namely Italy’s labour market specificities and migration history. Conversely, origin determinants presumably have a lower impact. In addition, the role played by NGOs appears relevant in helping migrants find employment - not good employment or well-remunerated employment but just employment. In the education dimension, things differ. At an international level, Ukrainians living in Italy show good levels of integration once controlled for natives’ performance. Origin determinants - in terms of conditions at home - thus seem to prevail here. Not surprisingly, the degree of integration in the ‘access to citizenship’ dimension is connected to the degree of openness/restrictiveness of host citizenship laws and, accordingly, to the length of presence in the country. Our results confirm that Italy is still one of the countries where getting citizenship is one of the main constraints for migrants in both recent communities (Ukrainians) and well-established ones (Moroccans). Finally, cultural integration is a main obstacle to Moroccan integration, while Ukrainians are also found to be in a difficult position with respect to social and political integration. In terms of ties between migrants and their country of origin, a micro-level analysis confirms a very clear pattern: the lower the (cultural, economic, political, social) ties, the higher the level of integration. This applies - to a different extent - to all dimensions and types of ties.
Year 2015
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82 Report

Diaspora policies and co-development: A Comparison between India, China and Mexico

Authors Camelia Tigau, Amba Pande, Yan Yuan
Year 2017
Journal Name Migration Letters
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83 Journal Article

From Limited to Active Engagement: Mexico's Emigration Policies from a Foreign Policy Perspective (2000–2006)

Authors Alexandra Délano
Year 2009
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 13
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84 Journal Article

Emigration policies in contemporary Europe

Authors Agnieszka WEINAR
Description
The aim of the paper is to prioritise the missing side of European migration governance, that is its approach to emigration and diaspora. In order to fill the research gap and to start building a coherent knowledge base on emigration and diaspora policies in the EU, it proposes the mapping of the national responses to emigration over the last four years (mostly overlapping with the economic crisis and post-accession mobility). In this context it tackles two main questions. First, what do we know about emigration from the EU – who migrates and to where? Second, what are the main categories of response of the EU Member States to emigration? In other words, how can we categorize the existing European emigration and diaspora policies? The paper is based on commissioned reports written by 28 EU country correspondents provided in the framework of the project Carim East.
Year 2014
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85 Report

Bifurcated homeland and diaspora politics in China and Taiwan towards the Overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia

Authors Enze Han
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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86 Journal Article

Report on Tunisian legal emigration to the EU modes of integration, policy, institutional frameworks and engagement of non-state actors

Authors Stéphanie POUESSEL
Description
Tunisia has a long history of emigration to the European Union. The Tunisian state has progressively created and implemented a migration policy to protect Tunisian citizens abroad and to tighten ties with the country. This report presents the current policy concerning emigration – strengthening migrant ties with Tunisia and fighting against illegal migration – and policies that concern the diaspora – measures encouraging investment in Tunisia, protection of social rights abroad, new integration of the diaspora within political and civil Tunisian society. To this end, the report provides an update on the political and civil rights of emigrants (voting, plural nationalities, military duty), socio-economic rights (agreements on labor migration, custom/import incentives), social rights (family, social security) and cultural rights (languages, school, media). The report also presents the engagement of non-state actors from abroad. The collapse of the revolution has permitted the country to redefine the political participation of Tunisians abroad and their integration in politics in Tunisia. The demands of Tunisians abroad for rights to participate in politics at high levels (the right to become representatives in the Assembly; the right for a Tunisian with dual-nationality citizenship to become President) were ratified on January 2014.
Year 2014
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87 Report

Mixing Methods to Explain Emigration Policies: A Post-Positivist Perspective

Authors Alan Gamlen, Chris McIntyre
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Mixed Methods Research
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89 Journal Article

Vietnam and Its Diaspora: An Evolving Relationship

Authors Tien Nguyen
Book Title Emigration and diaspora policies in the age of mobility
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90 Book Chapter

Do migrant remittances matter for financial development in Kenya?

Authors Roseline Nyakerario Misati, Anne Kamau, Hared Nassir
Year 2019
Journal Name FINANCIAL INNOVATION
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94 Journal Article

Supporting immigrant integration in Europe? : developing the governance for diaspora engagement

Authors Maria Vincenza DESIDERIO, Agnieszka WEINAR
Description
The governance of immigrant integration in European Union Member States is a complex process involving actors across multiple policy areas at national, local, and supranational levels of administration. In addition, origin-country actors are now increasingly involved in immigrant integration, mostly through engaging their diasporas in destination countries. As EU-level institutions become more involved in the governance of immigrant integration, this report offers a timely and systematic analysis of the wide range of institutional actors and structures involved in the integration process. Covering different levels of governance in destination and origin countries, the report assesses the design and implementation of initiatives affecting immigrant integration in multiple policy areas.
Year 2014
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96 Report

Mobilising diaspora to promote homeland investment: The progress of policy in post-conflict economies

Authors Nick Williams
Year 2018
Journal Name Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space
Citations (WoS) 2
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97 Journal Article

Endorsers, challengers or builders? Political parties’ diaspora outreach in a post-conflict state

Authors Maria Koinova
Year 2018
Journal Name International Political Science Review
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98 Journal Article

Conclusions

Authors Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Sona KALANTARYAN, Justyna Janina SALAMONSKA
Year 2017
Book Title Migrant integration between homeland and host society. Volume 2, How countries of origin impact migrant integration outcomes : an analysis
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99 Book Chapter

Visualizing the Diaspora: New Options

Authors Fan Wang Miao, Jean-Baptiste Meyer, Yue Zhao
Book Title Diasporas, Development and Governance
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100 Book Chapter
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