Return migration

Return migration may refer to repatriation, removal, deportation, assisted return, as well as return on an individual’s own initiative to his or her country of origin. This is often labelled as either forced or voluntary, though it can take place at any point on the forced–voluntary spectrum (Carling et al., 2015). Research in this category includes studies on readmission policy, deportation, theories of return, (gendered) experiences of return, reintegration and development.

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Azerbaijan : readmission, return and reintegration in the socio-political context

Authors Sergey RUMYANSEV
Description
Agreements on readmission directly related to the issues of irregular / illegal1 The first of these is interstate. It deals with the current state of affairs at the official (political) level and the prospects of concluding interstate agreements on readmission. Here, the focus is on how pressing those issues are in the context of political processes in present-day Azerbaijan. and return migration should be considered while placing the analytical focus on several aspects: The second is the problem of irregular (illegal) migration from Azerbaijan and associated problems of readmission and return migration. Finally, the third is the problem of irregular / illegal migration to Azerbaijan.
Year 2013
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1 Report

State of return migration policy and research : case of Georgia

Authors Tamar ZURABISHVILI
Description
Being a relatively newly migrant sending country, Georgia does not have an elaborated migration policy. Following its liberal politics, until recently, migration regulations were either extremely open, or non-existent. The same is true for the return migration policy – there is no state operated program or strategy aimed at reintegration of returnees. Only recently with the signature of readmission and visa facilitation agreements with the EU, Georgia started working in this direction, but so far no visible results are observed.
Year 2012
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3 Report

A Statistical Overview on Return Migration to the Republic of Armenia

Authors Annett FLEISCHER
Description
In a nutshell, the current statistical situation on return migration to the Republic of Armenia (RA) can be described as a blank sheet of paper with only weak marginal spots on it, i.e. there are no precise and systematic data on the scope of return migration to Armenia.1 Like many other migration countries, Armenia does not record returnees. Neither the National Statistical Office, nor the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the Migration Agency for Armenia's Ministry of Territorial Administration assesses return flows and stocks to Armenia. The statistical background of return migration to Armenia is weak and information about preand post-return conditions, return motivations or patterns of reintegration is non-existent (Bachmann et al. 2004, Johansson 2008).
Year 2012
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5 Report

Return migration : Russia

Authors Vladimir IONTSEV, Irina IVAKHNIUK
Year 2013
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6 Report

Return Migration and Working Choices

Authors Massimiliano TANI, Stéphane MAHUTEAU
Description
This paper uses the recent survey carried out in the framework of the MIREM project on returnees to Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia and studies the duration of emigration and the labour force status upon returning. The results suggest that age and the year of emigration play a central role in the migration decision, but they do not support the hypothesis that the duration of migration is determined by the desired labour market status upon returning home.
Year 2008
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7 Report

Motive von Auswanderern aus Deutschland

Principal investigator Andreas Ette (Principal Investigator ), Lenore Sauer (Principal Investigator )
Description
"Im Kontext der zunehmenden Globalisierung und transnationaler Migrationsprozesse ist die internationale Mobilität der Bevölkerung in Deutschland seit Ende der 1990er Jahre verstärkt in das Blickfeld von Öffentlichkeit, Politik und Wissenschaft geraten. Im Gegensatz zur Untersuchung der Zuwanderung existieren bislang nur wenige Studien, die sich mit gegenwärtigen Aus- und Rückwanderungsprozessen, insbesondere von Deutschen, beschäftigen. Angesichts des demografischen Wandels und des zu erwartenden Fachkräfterückgangs ist nicht nur die Wissenschaft, sondern auch die Politik an verlässlichen und im Zeitverlauf vergleichbaren Informationen über das Ausmaß, die Ursachen und die Folgen von Aus- und Rückwanderung verstärkt interessiert. Ziel der Studie ist es, besser zu verstehen, warum auf der einen Seite Menschen ins Ausland abwandern und warum auf der anderen Seite Menschen, die ins Ausland abgewandert sind, wieder nach Deutschland zurückkehren. Dabei sind die verschiedenen Wanderungsmotive von besonderem Interesse. Aber auch der Einfluss ökonomischer und politischer Rahmenbedingungen im Herkunfts- sowie im Zielland auf individuelle Wanderungsentscheidungen soll untersucht werden. Darüber hinaus zielt das Projekt darauf ab, die Machbarkeit der Ziehung einer repräsentativen Stichprobe unter der international mobilen Bevölkerung in Deutschland zu untersuchen."
Year 2014
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9 Project

Migration networks and return migration

Year 2008
Book Title Homecoming. An Anthropology of Return Migrations
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11 Book Chapter

Return migration and reintegration issues : Armenia

Authors Haykanush CHOBANYAN
Description
The present paper explores the phenomenon of return migration and reintegration issues for Armenian citizens returning to their country of origin. It also discusses some aspects (institutional, economic and social), as well as factors (migration projects, human, financial and cultural capital) in the reintegration of returnees in Armenia. Various patterns of reintegration, as well as the institutional framework and Armenia’s experience in dealing with returnees are identified and analyzed. The research focuses on the following issues: Why do migrants return to their country of origin? What is the profile (socio-demographic traits) of return migrants? What challenges do they (and their families) face while successfully reintegrating after their return? What is government policy for their reintegration into society? How effective is government policy and what gaps are there?
Year 2013
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12 Report

Migracje powrotne Polaków

Year 2014
Book Title Dilemmas of Polish transformation
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13 Book Chapter

Possibilities and Realities of Return Migration

Authors Jørgen Carling, Marta Bolognani, Marta Bivand Erdal, ...
Description
This report presents insights from the research project Possibilities and Realities of Return Migration (PREMIG), funded by the Research Council of Norway and led by the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). Over a five-year period, a core group of eight researchers in Norway and the United Kingdom studied return migration from multiple perspectives. They drew upon statistical analyses and face-to-face interaction with more than five hundered migrants and returnees in seven countries.
Year 2015
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15 Report

Return Migration of Foreign Students

Authors Govert E. Bijwaard, Qi Wang
Year 2016
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF POPULATION-REVUE EUROPEENNE DE DEMOGRAPHIE
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16 Journal Article

Rewarding Migration to Strengthen the Link between International Migration and Development

Authors Jean-Pierre CASSARINO
Year 2004
Journal Name RSCAS Conference Papers, 2004
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17 Journal Article

Determinanty migracji powrotnych do Polski na poziomie regionalnym po 2004 roku

Year 2015
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne - Przegląd Polonijny
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18 Journal Article

Possibilities and Realities of Return Migration

Principal investigator Pawel Kaczmarczyk (Project manager)
Year 2012
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19 Project

Return Migration to Armenia: Issues of reintegration

Authors Haykanush CHOBANYAN
Description
This report sets out to describe the current statistical and institutional situation of return migration to and reintegration in Armenia. The author elaborates this situation from the Armenian perspective by -- explaining available statistical data on return migration, -- illustrating the priorities of the Armenian government and of international and national nongovernmental organizations and -- examining the extent to which the return issue is taken into consideration in the framework of their actions. In Armenia, there is no uniform and homogeneous definition of the term “return migrant”. Depending on the source, the term is used differently. Therefore, in this report the term “return migrant” is defined according to the respective sources. In most Armenian policy papers and legal acts “return migrants” are not defined.1 The first part of the report proposes a statistical overview of return migration to Armenia. The second part describes the main initiatives and programmes that have been implemented so far on the reintegration of return migrants.
Year 2012
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21 Report

Return Migration by German Guestworkers: Neoclassical versus New Economic Theories

Authors Amelie Constant, Douglas S. Massey
Year 2002
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 159
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22 Journal Article

A Comparative Study of Return Migration Policies Targeting the Highly Skilled in Four Major Sending Countries

Authors Koen JONKERS
Description
This report is an attempt to provide a provisional comparative analysis of policies implemented in China, India, Argentina, and Mexico to facilitate the return of highly skilled expatriates and their professional reintegration. These countries differ in terms of the outbound and return flows of highly skilled professionals, as well as in the timing and intensity of the programs they have implemented. In general, career or business opportunities, and hence the offer of a conducive professional and socio-economic environment are central to attracting returnees. Migrant networks, temporary and permanent return migration programs exist in various forms and, apart from having their own merits, can complement each other in facilitating the return migration process. A long term, pluralistic and systemic approach, which in parallel to offering incentives involves the removal of administrative barriers, is considered to be important in bringing back and successfully reintegrating large numbers of highly skilled expatriates.
Year 2008
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23 Report

Return Migration of Foreign Students [The Netherlands]

Authors Govert E. Bijwaard, Qi Wang
Year 2014
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24 Working Paper

Possibilities and realities of return migration: perspectives on integration, exclusion and withdrawal

Principal investigator Jørgen Carling (Principal Investigator), Marta Bivand Erdal (Project Member), Rojan Ezzati (Project Member), Marta Bolognani (Project Member), Ceri Oeppen (Project Member), Erlend Paasche (Project Member), Silje Vatne Pettersen (Project Member), Tove Heggli Sagmo (Project Member), Jennifer Wu (Project Member)
Description
REMIG is guided by four research questions: 1. How do immigrants in various situations reflect upon and decide about return migration? 2. How does the possibility of return interact with A) integration in the country of residence and B) transnational relationships? 3. How can we understand and explain the patterns of actual return among immigrants? 4. How is return migration experienced by return migrants and the communities to which they return?
Year 2011
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27 Project

Return Migration as a Channel of Brain Gain

Authors Karin Mayr, Giovanni Peri
Year 2008
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29 Working Paper

Return Migration as a Channel of Brain Gain

Authors Karin Mayr, Giovanni Peri
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30 Report

Rural Return Migration: Comparative Analysis between Ireland and Lithuania

Authors Maura Farrell, Emilija Kairyte, Birte Nienaber, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name Central and Eastern European Migration Review
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31 Journal Article

To settle or to leave again? Patterns of return migration to Poland during the transition period

Year 2013
Journal Name Central and Eastern European Migration Review
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33 Journal Article

Return migration and development : the significance of migration cycles

Authors Jean-Pierre CASSARINO
Year 2016
Book Title Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU (ed.), Routledge handbook of immigration and refugee studies, Abingdon ; New York, Routledge, 2016, pp. 236-242
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34 Book Chapter

Return Migration to Mali: Examining definitions and statistical sources

Authors Davide CALENDA
Description
The definitions of return migration adopted by national censuses and large-scale surveys reflect domestic policy perceptions and priorities as applied to return and return migrants. The first part of this study explores the ways in which the definitions adopted by national statistical agencies in West Africa and, more specifically in Mali, have varied over time with various types of migration flows in specific periods of time, the priority given to nation-building dynamics, and with the influence of external drivers. The second part sets out to investigate the sources of official data on return migration in Mali and discusses the availability and reliability of such data. A section is devoted to so-called “enforced return”, i.e., the removal of unauthorized migrants, which has been subject to major policy attention in bilateral and multilateral talks involving Mali while shaping at the same time policy priorities and perceptions.
Year 2012
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35 Report

Return migrants to the Maghreb countries : reintegration and development challenges

Authors Jean-Pierre CASSARINO
Description
This analytical report is aimed at furthering the dissemination of data analysed and collected in the framework of the MIREM Project (Return Migration to the Maghreb), or «Collective Action to Support the Reintegration of Return Migrants in their Country of Origin».
Year 2008
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36 Report

Remain or return home: The migration intentions of first-generation migrants in Italy

Authors Corrado Bonifazi, Angela Paparusso
Year 2019
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 1
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37 Journal Article

Return Migration and Small Enterprise Development in the Maghreb

Authors Flore GUBERT, Christophe J. NORDMAN
Year 2008
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38 Report

Zurück nach Pakistan: Die politische Ökonomie der Emotionen in der Remigration

Principal investigator Martin Sökefeld (Principal Investigator)
Description
Das beantragte Forschungsprojekt untersucht Abschiebungen und "freiwillige" Rückkehr aus Deutschland nach Pakistan und fokussiert dabei auf die "politische Ökonomie der Emotionen" in der Remigration, verstanden als Produktion, Austausch und Zirkulation von Emotionen im Gefüge von Beziehungen, Erfahrungen, Verpflichtungen und Erwartungen zwischen (Re-)Migranten, verwandtschaftlichen, lokalen und transnationalen Kontexten, sowie staatlichen und nichtstaatlichen Institutionen. Nachdem Deutschland in den vergangenen Jahren vermehrt zum Zielland pakistanischer Migranten geworden ist, nehmen im Zuge verschärfter Asylpolitik Abschiebungen und die Förderung "freiwilliger" Rückkehr zu. Das Projekt geht davon aus, dass Migration nie ein rein "rationales", "interessengeleitetes" Phänomen ist, sondern dass Migration, Remigration eingeschlossen, stark mit Emotionen verbunden ist. Das Projekt gliedert sich ein in das wachsende ethnologische Forschungsinteresse an Abschiebungen, das jedoch bislang vor allem auf Afrika und Lateinamerika gerichtet ist. Die Untersuchung beginnt mit der sehr unübersichtlichen Situation hinsichtlich Abschiebung und Rückkehrförderung in Deutschland. Darauf aufbauend werden die Emotionen, mit denen die Motivationen, Erwartungen und Erfahrungen der (Re)Migration einhergehen, untersucht, bezogen sowohl auf pakistanische Migranten in Deutschland, denen eine Rückkehr bevorsteht, als auch auf Remigrierte, die schon in Pakistan angekommen sind. Schließlich will das Projekt die gesellschaftlichen Konsequenzen und Effekte der Abschiebung und/oder "freiwilligen" Rückkehr in Pakistan erforschen, indem es das soziale Umfeld von Remigranten (Familie, Verwandtschaftsnetzwerke, peer groups, Dorf oder urbane Nachbarschaft, soziale Netzwerke), seine ökonomischen und (lokal-)politischen Strukturen, und die in diesem Kontext produzierten und zirkulierenden Emotionen untersucht. Neben der empirisch-ethnographischen Untersuchung von Abschiebung und Remigration nach Pakistan beabsichtigt das Projekt, einen theoretischen und methodologischen Beitrag zur Rolle von Emotionen im Kontext von Remigration und Abschiebung zu erarbeiten und damit einen Beitrag zur "anthropology of removal" (N. Peutz) zu leisten.
Year 2018
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40 Project

Motives for Turkish return migration from Western Europe: home, sense of belonging, discrimination and transnationalism

Authors Filiz Kunuroglu, Kutlay Yagmur, Fons J. R. Van De Vijver, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name Turkish Studies
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41 Journal Article

Return home? Determinants of return migration intention amongst Turkish immigrants in Germany

Authors Tolga Tezcan
Year 2019
Journal Name Geoforum
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43 Journal Article

Temporary migration, integration and the role of Policies

Principal investigator Herbert Brücker (Principal Investigator), Stella Capuano (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Durch die stetige Reduktion der Reise- und Telekommunikationskosten bei nahezu gleichbleibenden Einkommensunterschieden in Europa wird Migration und Rückwanderung zu einem weit verbreiteten Phänomen. Das TEMPO Forschungsprojekt erweitert unser Wissen über dieses wichtige Forschungsfeld hinsichtlich verschiedener Dimensionen. Zuerst werden verschiedene Datensätze aufgebaut mit deren Hilfe die Ursache und Wirkung temporärer Migration untersucht wird. Zweitens wird die Integration der Migranten in das Wirtschaftssystem analysiert und die Zeitdimension der Migrationsentscheidung in Verbindung gesetzt. Schließlich werden die politischen Entscheidungsprozesse hinsichtlich temporärer Migration und Rückmigration untersucht und deren Wohlfahrtseffekte analysiert. Projektziel Untersuchung der Arbeitsmarktwirkungen temporärer Migration Beteiligte Institute Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung der Bundesagentur für Arbeit Erasmus University Rotterdam, Department of Economics Universität Wien, Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre Hamburgisches WeltWirtschaftsInstitut "
Year 2009
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44 Project

Refugee Repatriation and Local Politics in Angola: Conflict and Creativity Following the Return of Chiefs and Party Functionaries

Principal investigator Katharina Inhetveen (Principal Investigator), Martin Sökefeld (Principal Investigator)
Description
Migration and return migration are challenging phenomena of creativity and adaptation, both in past and contemporary Africa. They cause changes in local structures and induce conflicts, which propel further cycles of adaptation and creativity by locals and migrants.The project focuses on the political dimension of such changes by analyzing the case of returning Angolan refugees after years or decades in Zambian refugee camps. More specifically, it studies the return of refugees who held political positions prior to their flight from Angola, either as neo-traditional chiefs or as functionaries of the UNITA party/rebel group. The project addresses a twofold question. Firstly, it is asked what kinds of repercussions are invoked by the return of such refugees and their re-immersion into the local political structures which will have changed during their years of absence. What kind of political order emerges from the interaction between returned political leaders and those who stayed? Secondly, it is asked how this new political order is influenced by the experiences of the returnees during their time as camp refugees. In particular, the project will examine the influence, if any, of their exposure to the international refugee regime, which propagates humanitarian and democratic values (often seen as Western values) in the camps. Has this experience shaped the new political engagement in Angola of local leaders, who have returned after staying in the refugee camps of Zambia?
Year 2011
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45 Project

Theorising Return Migration: The Conceptual Approach to Return Migrants Revisited

Authors Jean-Pierre Cassarino
Year 2004
Journal Name International Journal on Multicultural Societies, 2008, 10, 2, 95-105
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47 Journal Article

Theorising return migration : a conceptual approach to returnees revisited

Authors Jean-Pierre CASSARINO
Year 2004
Journal Name International journal on multicultural societies (JMS), 2004, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 253-279
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48 Journal Article

Return Migration and the Survival of Entrepreneurial Activities in Egypt

Authors Francesca MARCHETTA
Year 2012
Journal Name World Development, 2012, 40, 10, 1999–2013
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49 Journal Article

Theorising Return Migration: The Conceptual Approach to Return Migrants Revisited

Authors J.P. Cassarino
Year 2004
Journal Name International Journal on Multicultural Societies
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50 Journal Article

Made in France? Chinese Student Return Migration from French Business Schools

Authors Wei SHEN
Description
Chinese migration to France is not a new phenomenon; however, France has seen rapid growth of migration from China in the past decade. Among the increasingly diverse migratory flow, a prominent group is Chinese students. As in many European countries, more and more Chinese students are now studying in France, at universities, grandes écoles and language schools etc… There is limited research focusing on this group of migrants. Therefore, this paper will analyse the circular migration of Chinese students between China and France by focusing on the return migration from elite French business schools. It illustrates the importance of prior experiences and pre-acquisition of academic and professional capital on their choice to migrate to France. At the same time, this paper investigates how family ties with China and institutional agents (private and public sectors) and the multiple-layers of forces (national and supranational) behind Chinese student return migration. This paper argues that the strong family relations and contacts, career strategy and prospects for returnees and confidence in the Chinese economy are significant return factors. Returnees’ academic, professional and social experiences in France are also important in their decision. In addition, it shows how these talents are integrated in the skilled labour market and how they maintain connections with France. The return migration of Chinese students from France is a unique link and network, which needs cooperation from both parties to ensure a win-win brains circulation.
Year 2008
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51 Report

The Dilemmas of Policy Towards Return Migration. The Case of Poland After the EU Accession

Year 2013
Journal Name Central and Eastern European Migration Review
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52 Journal Article

Are Foreign Migrants More Assimilated Than Native Ones?

Authors Riccardo FAINI, Steinar STRØM, Alessandra VENTURINI, ...
Year 2009
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53 Working Paper

Return Migration to Poland in the Post-accession Period

Year 2012
Book Title EU Labour Migration in Troubled Times Skills Mismatch, Return and Policy Responses
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54 Book Chapter

Return Migration and Regional Development in Europe. Mobility Against the Stream

Authors Birgit Glorius, Robert Nadler, Zoltan Kóvacs, ...
Year 2016
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56 Book

Return Migration, State Policy and Integration of Returnees – the Case of Poland

Year 2012
Book Title Welcome Home? Challenges and Chances of Return Migration
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57 Book Chapter

Las políticas de retorno desde una perspectiva transnacional: el caso de España y Colombia

Year 2017
Journal Name Revista Internacional de Estudios Migratorios (RIEM)
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58 Journal Article

Selektywność emigracji i migracji powrotnych Polaków – o procesie „wypłukiwania”

Year 2012
Journal Name Central and Eastern European Migration Review
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59 Journal Article

Border Enforcement and Return Migration by Documented and Undocumented Mexicans

Authors Douglas S. Massey, DS Massey, Jorge Durand, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 47
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60 Journal Article

Theorising Return Migration: The Conceptual Approach to Return Migrants Revisited

Year 2004
Journal Name International Journal on Multicultural Societies (IJMS)
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62 Journal Article

Relire le lien entre migration de retour et entrepreneuriat, à la lumière de l’exemple tunisien

Authors Jean-Pierre Cassarino
Year 2015
Journal Name Méditerranée
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63 Journal Article

Recent Trends in International Migration in Poland

Year 2012
Journal Name Central and Eastern European Migration Review
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64 Journal Article

An Overview of North African Countries’ Bilateral Cooperation on the Removal of Unauthorized Migrants: Drivers and Implications

Authors Jean-Pierre CASSARINO
Year 2010
Journal Name Middle East Institute Viewpoints: Migration and the Maghreb, May 2010, 34-37
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66 Journal Article

Transnationale (Rückkehr-)Migration ehemaliger koreanischer Gastarbeiterinnen in Hessen und Südkorea

Principal investigator Yonson Ahn (Principal Investigatot)
Description
"Ende März erhielten die Koreastudien an der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main die erfreuliche Mittteilung, dass das Forschungsprojekt „Transnationale (Rückkehr-)Migration ehemaliger koreanischer Gastarbeiterinnen in Hessen und Südkorea“ im Rahmen des Forschungsschwerpunkts ""Dimensionen der Kategorie Geschlecht - Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung in Hessen"" auch im Jahr 2017 weiter durch das Hessische Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Kunst gefördert wird. Somit läuft das Projekt über die gesamte geplante Laufzeit von Mai 2016 bis Oktober 2017. Das Projekt unter der Leitung von Frau Professor Dr. Yonson Ahn (Koreastudien, FB09) untersucht die Rolle der ehemaligen koreanischen „Gastarbeiterinnen“, die vor allem im Pflegesektor tätig waren, in wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Transferprozessen zwischen Deutschland und Korea. In diesem Zusammenhang wird insbesondere analysiert, inwiefern ihre Migrationserfahrungen und die Rückkehrmigration geschlechterspezifisch sind. Die einzelnen Akteurinnen machen dabei teilweise ganz unterschiedliche Erfahrungen, die sie dazu bewegen, entweder im Migrationsland zu bleiben, weiter nach Nordamerika zu migrieren, oder in ihre Heimat zurückzukehren. Das Projekt trägt dazu bei, die Verbindung von geschlechterspezifischen Fragestellungen mit der Migrationsforschung zu stärken. Im Rahmen der zweiten Phase des Projektes wird am 23. Juni 2017 ein internationaler Workshop mit dem Thema “Transnational (Return-) Migration of Korean ‘Guestworkers’ in Hessen, Germany and Korea” an der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main stattfinden, der internationale Wissenschaftlerinnen aus Europa, Nordamerika, Südkorea und Indien zusammenbringt und die in dem Projekt gewonnenen Forschungsergebnisse zur Bedeutung der Pflegemigration nach Hessen, Deutschland und Europa diskutiert. Interessierte sind herzlich eingeladen."
Year 2016
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67 Project

‘I don’t want to have a separated home’: Reckoning family and return migration among married Nigerians in China

Authors Kudus Oluwatoyin Adebayo
Year 2019
Journal Name Migration Studies
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68 Journal Article

INTRA-EUROPEAN RETURN MIGRATION AND RURAL-DEVELOPMENT - LESSONS FROM SPANISH CASE

Authors RE RHOADES
Year 1978
Journal Name HUMAN ORGANIZATION
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69 Journal Article

Rückwanderung und Lebenslauf: Das Beispiel rückkehrender Graduierter nach Bulgarien

Principal investigator Birgit Glorius (Principal Investigator)
Description
Das Vorhaben untersucht die Rückwanderungs- bzw. Bleibeentscheidungen bulgarischer Hochschulabsolventen, die einen Studienabschluss in Deutschland erworben haben. Vor dem Hintergrund der ökonomischen, demographischen und gesellschaftlichen Transformationsprozesse in Bulgarien werden Tendenzen der biographischen Unsicherheit, die postmodernen Lebensläufen inhärent sind, weiter verstärkt. Migrationsentscheidungen sind in diesem Zusammenhang als Teil des persönlichen Risikomanagements anzusprechen, die darauf abzielen, Risiken zu minimieren und dem eigenen Lebenslauf Stringenz zu verleihen. Die bereits getroffene Migrationsentscheidung für einen Studienaufenthalt in Deutschland verbreitert das Entscheidungsspektrum für weiterführende Migrationsentscheidungen, die häufig eng mit biographischen Statuspassagen verknüpft sind. Das Projekt verfolgt die Zielsetzung, am Beispiel der Rückwanderungs- und Bleibeentscheidungen von bulgarischen Graduierten eine Modellierung des Entscheidungs- und Standortfindungsprozesses zu vollziehen, in der individuelle Entscheidungs- und Handlungsmuster, eingebettet in kontextuelle Bedingungen, nachvollzogen werden können. Die Typisierung erfolgt durch eine Abstraktion der individuellen Entscheidungs- und Handlungsmuster unter Einbezug von Ansätzen der Migrations-, Handlungs- und Gesellschaftstheorien. Das Forschungsdesign konzentriert sich auf die Implementierung lebenslaufbezogener Ansätze in der Migrationsforschung, bei denen der Fokus auf dem retrospektiven Nachvollziehen von Migrationsbiographien liegt. Als räumliche Betrachtungsperspektive wird der transnationale Ansatz gewählt und die Annahme getroffen, dass sich die zu untersuchenden Biographien und Entscheidungsmuster jenseits nationalstaatlicher Container aufspannen und somit vielfältige Handlungsoptionen ermöglichen, aber auch neue Risiken bereithalten. Ebenso wird durch die transnationale Perspektive eine raumzeitliche Vorläufigkeit von Mobilitätsentscheidungen angenommen. Die Fokussierung auf die Rückwanderung ist weniger als normative Komponente zu verstehen, sondern weist auf die Beobachtungsrichtung der Forschung hin. Im Ergebnis der Forschung soll eine Typologie entstehen, die verschiedene Entscheidungsstrategien im Kontext von biographischen Etappen, Persönlichkeitsmerkmalen, institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen und weiteren kontextuellen Faktoren ordnet. Dabei wird eine raumzeitliche Öffnung angestrebt, indem alle räumlichen Migrationsoptionen und verschiedene zeitliche Optionen aus der Sichtweise der Migranten berücksichtigt werden. Die Konzentration auf die Akteursperspektive eröffnet eine tiefere Durchdringung der Entscheidungsmuster im Kontext von Mobilität und Lebenslauf.
Year 2014
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70 Project

Wage assimilation of immigrants and internal migrants : the role of linguistic distance

Authors Steinar STROM, PIAZZALUNGA Daniela, Alessandra VENTURINI, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name Regional Studies
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72 Journal Article

Blijven vergunninghouders in Nederland? Patronen en determinanten van vervolgmigratie en remigratie onder asielmigranten, cohort 1995-1999

Authors Research and Documentation Centre, Ministry of Justice and Securitiy, Arjen Leerkes, Marloes de Hoon
Description
Sinds 2014 heeft Nederland opnieuw te maken met een substantiële instroom van asielzoekers, van wie een belangrijk deel in aanmerking is gekomen voor een verblijfsvergunning. Een belangrijke vraag die zich momenteel voordoet, is hoe de positie van de nieuwe vergunninghouders zich de komende jaren zal ontwikkelen. Een van de vragen die daarbij gesteld kunnen worden, is in hoeverre zij zich blijvend in Nederland zullen vestigen. De volgende onderzoeksvragen staan in dit rapport centraal: 1.Hoe groot was het aandeel emigranten tot en met 31 december 2015 onder vergunninghouders met een asielachtergrond uit het cohort 1995-1999 en wat voor type emigratie betrof het (remigratie dan wel vervolgmigratie)? 2.Op welke achtergrondkenmerken verschillen de vergunninghouders die emigreerden (uitgesplitst naar type emigratie) van de vergunninghouders die eind 2015 nog, of weer, in Nederland woonden? 3.Welke achtergrondkenmerken van de vergunninghouders zijn voorspellers van emigratie uit Nederland in de vorm van remigratie, vervolgmigratie en administratieve verwijdering met onbekende bestemming?
Year 2019
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73 Report

To stay or to return? Return migration intentions of Moroccans in Italy

Authors Angela Paparusso, Elena Ambrosetti
Year 2017
Journal Name International Migration
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74 Journal Article

‘Return Migration and Social Change in Poland: ‘Closures’ to Migrants’ Non-Economic Transfers

Authors Mariusz Dzięglewski
Year 2016
Journal Name Central and Eastern European Migration Review
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77 Journal Article

Płynność powrotów do Polski

Year 2010
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne - Przegląd Polonijny
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78 Journal Article

Charakterystyka migrantów powracających do Polski oraz ich aktywność zawodowa na rodzimym rynku pracy

Year 2013
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne - Przegląd Polonijny
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79 Journal Article

Emigración marroquídesde Españaen contexto de crisis

Authors Andreu Domingo, Albert Sabater
Year 2013
Journal Name Revista Internacional de Estudios Migratorios (REIM)
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80 Journal Article

Integracja i zatrudnienie migrantów powrotnych: przypadek migracji powrotnej z Wielkiej Brytanii do Polski

Principal investigator Mateusz Piotr Karolak (Principal investigator)
Year 2016
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83 Project

International Mobil: Erforschung internationaler Mobilität deutscher Staatsangehöriger

Authors Andreas Ette, Marcus Engler, Marcel Erlinghagen, ...
Description
Die Studie „International Mobil“ wurde vom BiB gemeinsam mit dem SVR-Forschungsbereich und der Universität Duisburg-Essen durchgeführt. Die Untersuchung schlägt einen innovativen Weg zur Erforschung der internationalen Mobilität deutscher Staatsangehöriger ein, indem sie sowohl das Wanderungsverhalten von deutschen Staatsangehörigen, die von Deutschland ins Ausland ziehen (Auswanderer), als auch von deutschen Staatsangehörigen, die nach einer gewissen Zeit im Ausland zurück nach Deutschland kehren (Rückwanderer) erfasst. Insgesamt konnten 2014 für die Befragung 1.700 Personen gewonnen werden, darunter knapp 800 Auswanderer weltweit und rund 900 Rückwanderer in Deutschland. Die Stichprobenziehung erfolgte auf Basis des Einwohnermelderegisters der Gemeinde, in der die Personen zuletzt gemeldet waren, beziehungsweise aktuell gemeldet sind. Die Datendokumentation bietet den Datennutzerinnen und Datennutzern sowie allen Interessierten eine detaillierte Beschreibung der Konzeption und Durchführung der Befragung der international mobilen Bevölkerungsgruppe. Die Publikation dokumentiert neben dem Forschungsdesign und dem Stichprobenverfahren unter anderem das Erhebungsinstrument, den Erhebungsmodus sowie den Feldverlauf der Befragung. Darüber hinaus werden Analysen zur Datenqualität und zur Machbarkeit des Forschungsdesigns dargestellt. Die Daten des Surveys „International Mobil“ können bei GESIS unter der Studiennummer 6767 für sozialwissenschaftliche Auswertungen angefordert werden.
Year 2014
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85 Data Set

Eternal return : present-day problems associated with social reintegration of Ukrainian labor migrants arriving in Ukraine from the EU (based on sociological research results)

Authors Ekaterina IVASCHENKO
Description
In the present paper Ukrainian case study is used to examine certain research aspects associated with the research of return migration and subsequent social reintegration of migrants in the country of origin. In this paper by return migrants we mean those who in the post-Soviet period have acquired experience of legal or illegal temporary (in the course of less than three months) stay abroad (in this case in the EU member states) with the purpose of employment and who have by now returned to their home country – Ukraine. The present analysis focuses on four key aspects of re-inclusion of returning migrants: 1) legal re-adaptation, 2) resolution of housing-related problems, 3) employment issue/ conditions for starting a business, and 4) family reunion and socio-cultural re-adaptation to the local community.
Year 2013
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86 Report

'Burning without fire' in Sweden : the paradox of the state's attempt to safeguard deportees' psychosocial wellbeing

Authors Daniela DEBONO
Year 2017
Book Title Zana VATHI and Russell KING (eds), Return migration and psychosocial wellbeing : discourses, policy-making and outcomes for migrants and their families, Abingdon : New York : Routledge, 2017, Routledge research in race and ethnicity, pp. 129-148
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90 Book Chapter

Governing Irregular and Return Migration in the 2020s: European Challenges and Asian Pacific Perspectives

Authors Anna Triandafyllidou, Alexandra Ricard-Guay
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies
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91 Journal Article

Bangladesh

Authors Mohammad Jalal Uddin Sikder
Year 2008
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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93 Journal Article

Motives for Turkish return migration from Western Europe: home, sense of belonging, discrimination and transnationalism

Authors Filiz Kunuroglu, Kutlay Yagmur, Fons J. R. Van De Vijver, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name Turkish Studies
Citations (WoS) 5
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94 Journal Article

Socio-economic problems of returning migrants' reintegration in Georgia

Authors Mirian TUKHASHVILI
Description
The present work of research reveals that despite an economic revival, the labour market infrastructure in Georgia and the cost of labour force do not contribute to any reduction in labour emigration. Therefore, great emphasis is placed on the facilitation of return migration back to the homeland and the socio-economic efficiency of this process. The results of the sampling survey of return migrants in the capital of Georgia and two large industrial cities – Kutaisi and Rustavi – show that social and economic reintegration is shot through with contradictions, which in turn determine the low efficiency of reintegration. Significant numbers of return migrants are unemployed or work in discriminatory labour conditions, which do not correspond to their education and work experience. A significant share of these will be forced to migrate in the near future. Many subjective factors prevent return migrants from implementing their business projects. They accumulate savings, which they brought for this purpose, and target these savings. Research has established that it is necessary to enforce state support for return migrants by introducing institutional changes. This should increase the efficiency of investment activity on the basis of migrants’ remittances and this should create new jobs.
Year 2013
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95 Report

Educational migrations as a factor of the depopulation of the intermetropolitan region

Year 2014
Journal Name Economic and Environmental Studies
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96 Journal Article

Wage assimilation : migrants versus natives and foreign migrants versus internal migrants

Authors Steinar STRØM, Alessandra VENTURINI, Claudia VILLOSIO
Year 2013
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99 Working Paper

MAFE

Description
The MAFE project is a collaborative research project (See the Page Partners) that started in 2005 with the objective to collect and analyze innovative data on migration between Sub-Saharan Africa and Europe. The key notion underpinning the MAFE project is that migration must not only be seen as a one-way flow from Africa to Europe. Return migration, circulation and transnational practices are significant and must be understood in order to design better migration policies. The MAFE project generated multi-sited, comparative and longitudinal surveys carried out in 3 African countries and 6 European countries. It offers a unique source of data that enables researchers to study the patterns, causes and consequences of African migration. Data collected in African countries can also be used to study other socio-demographic phenomena (union formation, fertility, socio-economic outcomes…
Year 2005
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100 Project
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