Migration forms

The notion of migration forms concerns the question of who migrates. Global migration forms, or flows, include regular and irregular migrants who migrate for a broad array of reasons. Different migration forms are characterized by multiple and dynamic aspects. The differences between migration forms relate to variations in migration drivers, infrastructures, policies and experiences that shape migrants’ journeys. The Migration Research Hub encompasses a research on a range of different migration forms – a specific set of migration forms are included in the database as they reflect the existing body of knowledge and focus regarding f migration research on forms. While these are differentiated in a categorical manner, migration forms – and motivations – are rarely straightforward. Indeed, migration forms and flows are increasingly highlighted as mixed, as individuals’ motivations can be multiple and constantly developing throughout migration processes.

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Cities as Providers of Services to Migrant Populations

Authors Alexander Wolffhardt, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2018
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1 Policy Brief

The increasing use of detention of asylum seekers and irregular migrants in the EU

Authors Carmine Conte, Valentina Savazzi, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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2 Policy Brief

Private Sponsorship Programmes and humanitarian visas: a viable policy framework for integration?

Authors Giacomo Solano, Valentina Savazzi, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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3 Policy Brief

Supporting the social inclusion of the undocumented: Options for the 2021 to 2027 MFF

Authors Alexander Wolffhardt, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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4 Policy Brief

Strategic litigation: the role of EU and international law in criminalising humanitarianism

Authors Carmine Conte, Seán Binder, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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5 Policy Brief

The Temporary Nature of Ukrainian Migration: Definitions, Determinants and Consequences

Authors Marta Kindler, Agata Górny
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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6 Book Chapter

Circular Migration in Asia: Approaches and Practices

Authors Piyasiri Wickramasekara
Book Title Global Migration Issues
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7 Book Chapter

Migration from Central and Eastern Europe to Turkey

Authors Tuğba Acar, Deniz Karcı Korfalı
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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9 Book Chapter

Ukrainians in the Czech Republic: On the Pathway from Temporary Foreign Workers to One of the Largest Minority Groups

Authors Yana Leontiyeva
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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10 Book Chapter

Ukrainian Migration to Poland: A “Local” Mobility?

Authors Marta Kindler, Zuzanna Brunarska, Monika Szulecka, ...
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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11 Book Chapter

Migration-related Conditionality in EU External Funding

Authors Roberto Cortinovis, Carmine Conte, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2018
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12 Policy Brief

When refugees stopped being migrants: Movement, labour and humanitarian protection

Authors K. Long
Year 2013
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 31
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13 Journal Article

Capital and mobility in the stepwise international migrations of Filipino migrant domestic workers

Authors Anju Mary Paul
Year 2015
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 8
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14 Journal Article

Crackdown on NGOs assisting refugees and other migrants

Authors Lina Lina Vosyliūtė, Carmine Conte, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2018
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15 Policy Brief

Regulating Movement of the Very Mobile: Selected Legal and Policy Aspects of Ukrainian Migration to EU Countries

Authors Monika Szulecka
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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16 Book Chapter

Migrants hautement qualifiés et flux internationaux de talents, connaissances et capitaux

Principal investigator Ernest Miguelez (Principal Investigator)
Description
Highly Skilled Migration and International Flows of Talent, Knowledge, and Capital (TKC) is a project funded by the French National Research Agency (ANR). TKC aims to improve our understanding of whether and how highly skilled migrants activate their social networks and leverage their role as international knowledge gatekeepers, contribute to solve cross-border information problems, and transform the brain drain into brain gain and brain circulation. Highly skilled workers play a key role in today’s knowledge economies, as they introduce and diffuse innovations that encourage economic growth and well-being. Migrants are an essential component of these highly skilled workers worldwide: in 2013, the worldwide stock of migrants stood at 230 million, namely 3.2% of worldwide population (UN-DESA and OECD, 2013). However, important variations emerge across skills’ groups: tertiary educated immigrants living in OECD countries augmented by 70% during the 2000s, with just 10% for low-educated ones. Migration rates for the tertiary educated are higher than for the rest of the population, and generally increase with further education. Thus, differently from the past, highly skilled individuals represent the most dynamic component of international mobility flows. Far from taking place exclusively along a South-North or East-West axis, highly skilled migration occurs also between advanced economies, with the UK, Germany and other European countries as both destinations and origins. Science, technology, and engineering migration contributes heavily to these trends, including to its geographical variation. TKC’s research topic stands at the cross-roads of different disciplinary approaches, ranging from the geography of innovation, the economics of migration, and IB studies. All of them can be re-examined within the general theoretical framework of diaspora economics. Constant and Zimmermann (2016) define diasporas as “well-defined group(s) of migrants and their offspring with a joined cultural identity and ongoing identification with the country or culture of origin”, and propose to put them at centre-stage in all studies concerning migrations. While migration is the necessary precondition for diasporas to exist, not all migrant groups are internally bound by diasporic ties, nor ethnicity is the only source of such ties. In the case of highly skilled migrants, professional ties matter, too, as they both imply different migration channels and cohorts, and allows for specific forms of interaction. TKC is a theoretical and empirical project, whose deliverables will consist in research papers and open access datasets. Its ambition is to enrich the debate on migration on a global scale, but especially in Europe and France, where the dominant focus on low skilled or refugee immigration both obscures the importance of highly skilled flows and contributes to negative stereotyping. TKC will be articulated in six work-packages, taking a complementary approach between the macro (country), meso (firm), and micro (individual) levels of analysis. TKC has a strong engagement towards collecting micro-data concerning specific categories of very highly skilled workers, such as inventors, scientists and executives, with the migrant status to be ascertained by available biographic information and/or name analysis. These data may provide a suitable and interesting alternative to more classic data sources, both because of their detail and for their pointing at homogenous professional groups, rather than generically tertiary educated workers.
Year 2017
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17 Project

Lessons from the South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis

Authors Mikolaj Stanek, Jean-Michel Lafleur
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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18 Book Chapter

Serial Labor Migration: Precarity and Itinerancy among Filipino and Indonesian Domestic Workers

Authors Rhacel Salazar Parreñas, Rachel Silvey, Maria Cecilia Hwang, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration Review
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19 Journal Article

Who is reshaping public opinion on the EU’s migration policies?

Authors Thomas Huddleston, Hind Sharif, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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20 Policy Brief

Elites and emulators: The evolution of Iraqi Kurdish asylum migration to Europe

Authors Erlend Paasche
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Studies
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21 Journal Article

Integration Policies: Who Benefits?

Authors Thomas Huddleston, Elena Sánchez-Montijano, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2015
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22 Policy Brief

Migration of Ukrainian Nationals to Italy: Women on the Move

Authors Francesca Alice Vianello
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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23 Book Chapter

Causality Chains in the International Migration Systems Approach

Authors Roel Jennissen
Year 2007
Journal Name Population Research and Policy Review
Citations (WoS) 29
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24 Journal Article

Gastarbeiter Migration Revisited: Consolidating Germany’s Position as an Immigration Country

Authors Jutta Höhne, Amanda Klekowski von Koppenfels
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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25 Book Chapter

Temporary Migration Programmes: the Cause or Antidote of Migrant Worker Exploitation in UK Agriculture

Authors Erica Consterdine, Sahizer Samuk
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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26 Journal Article

Unaccompanied minors, migration control and human rights at the EU’s southern border: The role and limits of civil society activism

Authors Roxana Barbulescu, Jean Grugel
Year 2016
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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27 Journal Article

Introduction

Authors Zana Vathi
Book Title Migrating and Settling in a Mobile World
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29 Book Chapter

Context-Based Qualitative Research and Multi-sited Migration Studies in Europe

Authors Russell King
Book Title Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies
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30 Book Chapter

Migration, Gender, and Family

Authors Juan Carlos Calleros Alarcon
Book Title Global Perspectives on Migration and Development
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31 Book Chapter

Three rationalities for making sense of internal displacement in Ukraine

Authors Greta Lynn Uehling
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Studies
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32 Journal Article

Issues and recent trends in international migration in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors A Adepoju
Year 2000
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL
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33 Journal Article

Introduction: Domestic and Care Work of Migrant Women and the Right to Family Life

Authors Glenda Tibe Bonifacio, Maria Kontos
Book Title Migrant Domestic Workers and Family Life
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34 Book Chapter

The Diversification of Intra-European Movement

Authors Deniz Sert
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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35 Book Chapter

The Migration of Professionals: Theories and Typologies

Authors Robyn Iredale
Year 2001
Journal Name International Migration
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37 Journal Article

Klugman and Pereira’ Assessment of National Migration Policies

Description
This set of indicators compares several dimensions of migration policies as of early 2009. For a selected set of 28 countries, both developed and developing, the indicators address admission criteria, policies on integration and treatment of migrants, and efforts to enforce those policies. Irregular migration is a particular area of focus. The analysis distinguishes between different entry regimes, namely: labour migrants (high or low skilled, with a permanent or a temporary permit), those who move with a family-related visa, humanitarian migrants (asylum seekers and refugees), international visitors and international students. The indicators cover three main areas of policy interest: admission, treatment, and enforcement. Most of the 84 questions were multiple-choice, but there were also open-ended questions to allow comments and explanations. The data is drawn from an assessment by country experts as well as by desk-research of Human Development Report Office staff. Information was collected in two parallel and complementary efforts during early 2009: through a questionnaire answered by International Organization for Migration (IOM) country-level staff and other world-wide migration experts, and through internal desk-web research
Year 2009
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38 Data Set

‘I was professor in India and here I am a taxi driver’: Middle class Indian migrants to New Zealand

Authors Yasmin Hussain
Year 2019
Journal Name Migration Studies
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39 Journal Article

Research on climate change and migration where are we and where are we going?

Authors Elizabeth Ferris
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Studies
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40 Journal Article

Immigration and internal migration “flight”: A California case study

Authors William H. Frey
Year 1995
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 46
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41 Journal Article

The Economics of Mass Migration: Theory and Evidence

Description
The proposed research develops and tests models of individual behavior to provide evidence on the magnitude, causes and consequences of the mass migration between Europe and the US that occurred at the turn of the twentieth century. Underlying the project is the availability of electronic administrative records for 24 million migrants who arrived in the US via Ellis Island between 1892 and 1924, that we have obtained access to. Our earlier work using this data [Bandiera et al. 2011] shows that migration at the turn of the twentieth century was effectively a two-way flow between the US and Europe, rather than a one-way movement from Europe to the US. This insight is what the proposed research agenda seeks to build on. The proposed project will develop and apply economic theory and micro-econometric methods related to core questions in the economics of migration. Our proposal will provide theory and evidence on four broad research themes: (i) the determinants of temporary versus permanent migration, and consequently how each type of migrant is differentially selected; (ii) the behavior and socio-economic outcomes of migrants who endogenously chose to remain in the US; (iii) the impact of mass migration on the labor market outcomes of Americans; (iv) whether institutional change in the US was driven by the nature of selective migration into America and where migrants chose to settle. In consequence, and to return full circle to the original insight from Bandiera et al. [2011] that underlies this research proposal, we ask whether migrants that returned to Europe from the US drove institutional change across European countries at the turn of the twentieth century.
Year 2013
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42 Project

National Immigration and Integration Policies in Europe Since 1973

Authors María Bruquetas-Callejo, Jeroen Doomernik
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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44 Book Chapter

UNACCOMPANIED STATUS AS A RISK FACTOR IN VIETNAMESE AMERASIANS

Authors RS MCKELVEY, JA WEBB
Year 1995
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
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45 Journal Article

Overview of Trends and Policies on International Migration to East Asia: Comparing Japan, Taiwan and South Korea

Authors Yean-Ju Lee
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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46 Journal Article

Migration and Immigrants in Europe: A Historical and Demographic Perspective

Authors Helga de Valk, Christof Van Mol
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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47 Book Chapter

Ukrainian Migration to Greece: from Irregular Work to Settlement, Family Reunification and Return

Authors Marina Nikolova, Michaela Maroufof
Year 2016
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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48 Book Chapter

Migrant workers’ wage offers: the paradox of the involvement of recruitment intermediaries

Authors Bilesha Weeraratne
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Studies
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49 Journal Article

The post-move satisfaction of internal migrants

Authors Michael K. Sloan, Philip S. Morrison
Year 2016
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 2
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50 Journal Article

Conclusion

Authors Joëlle Moret
Book Title European Somalis' Post-Migration Movements
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51 Book Chapter

Rotterdam as a Case of Complexity Reduction: Migration from Central and Eastern European Countries

Authors Mark van Ostaijen, Erik Snel, Margrietha ‘t Hart
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54 Book Chapter

Unaccompanied Young Migrants from Africa: The Case of Mauritania

Authors Fabienne Tanon, Abdoulaye Sow
Year 2013
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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55 Journal Article

The emerging New Zealand jurisprudence on climate change, disasters and displacement

Authors J. McAdam
Year 2015
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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56 Journal Article

Changing sector? Social mobility among female migrants in care and cleaning sector in Spain and Sweden

Authors María Sánchez-Domínguez, Susanne Fahlén
Year 2018
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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58 Journal Article

Theorizing the Ukrainian Case: Pushing the Boundaries of Migration Studies Through a Europe–US Comparison

Authors Cinzia D. Solari
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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59 Book Chapter

Mother, wife, or worker: Life course and motivations of remarried Mainland Chinese immigrant women in Hong Kong

Authors Clara Wai-Chun To
Year 2019
Journal Name Migration Studies
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60 Journal Article

Consequences of Intra-European Movement for CEE Migrants in European Urban Regions

Authors Ursula Reeger
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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61 Book Chapter

Short-Term Labour Migration: Brazilian Migrants in Ireland

Authors Garret Maher, Mary Cawley
Year 2016
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 6
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62 Journal Article

Migration Infrastructure

Authors Biao Xiang, Johan Lindquist
Year 2014
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 76
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63 Journal Article

The global South as a solution to cope with the crisis: Following the transnational itineraries of the precarised Spaniards towards Algeria

Authors María-Jesús Cabezón-Fernández, Juan-David Sempere-Souvannavong
Year 2019
Journal Name Migration Studies
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64 Journal Article

‘For us, Migration is Ordinary’: Post-1989 Labour Migration from Bulgaria to Turkey

Authors Ayse Parla
Book Title Migration in the Southern Balkans
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65 Book Chapter

Migration Trends and Migration Policy in Europe

Authors Peter Stalker
Year 2002
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 46
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66 Journal Article

International Labour Migration and Migration Policies in Southeast Asia

Authors G Hugo
Year 2012
Journal Name ASIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE
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67 Journal Article

The ripple effects of deportations in Honduras

Authors Cecilia Menjívar, Juliana E Morris, Néstor P Rodríguez
Year 2018
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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68 Journal Article

Cycles of deportability: Threats, fears, and the agency of ‘irregular’ migrants in Canada

Authors Basia D Ellis, Henderikus J Stam
Year 2018
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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69 Journal Article

The Impact of International Trade on Migration by Skill Levels and Gender in Developing Countries

Authors Dambar Uprety
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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70 Journal Article

The winner takes it all: Internal migration, education and wages in Ethiopia

Authors N.-H. Blunch, C. R. Laderchi
Year 2015
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 3
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72 Journal Article

Migrants' Regular Army of Labour: Gender Dimensions of the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis on Migrant Labor in Western Europe

Authors Sara R. Farris
Year 2015
Journal Name The Sociological Review
Citations (WoS) 12
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73 Journal Article

Beyond the ‘Migrant Network’? Exploring Assistance Received in the Migration of Brazilians to Portugal and the Netherlands

Authors Masja van Meeteren, Sonia Pereira
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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74 Journal Article

Does Internal Migration Make Difference? An In-depth Study to Explore the Change in Socio-economic Status and Gender Relations between Internal Migrant Families

Authors Sadia Jabeen, Muhammad Wajid Tahir, Jam Ghulam Murtaza Sahito
Year 2017
Journal Name FWU JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
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76 Journal Article

Migration of Ukrainian Nationals to Portugal: The Visibility of a New Migration Landscape

Authors Sónia Pereira, Maria Lucinda Fonseca
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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80 Book Chapter

Transatlantic Roundtable on High–skilled Migration and Sending Countries Issues

Authors Said Ouaked
Year 2002
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 27
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81 Journal Article

State of Control: Unknown Migrant Children

Authors Andreas Lundstedt
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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82 Journal Article

‘Movement is a constant feature in my life’: Contextualising migration processes of highly skilled Indians

Authors Anu Kõu, Ajay Bailey
Year 2014
Journal Name Geoforum
Citations (WoS) 25
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83 Journal Article

Temporary versus Permanent Youth Brain Drain: Economic Implications

Authors Balaz, Vladimir Balaz, Allan M. Williams, ...
Year 2004
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 45
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84 Journal Article

Precarity chains: cycles of domestic worker migration from Southeast Asia to the Middle East

Authors Rachel Silvey, Rhacel Parreñas
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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85 Journal Article

Structural Emigration: The Revival of Portuguese Outflows

Authors Pedro Góis, José Carlos Marques
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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86 Book Chapter

Beyond migration patterns—understanding family reunion decisions of Filipino labour and Thai marriage migrants in global reproductive systems

Authors Asuncion Fresnoza-Flot
Year 2018
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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88 Journal Article

Varieties of capitalism, variation in labour immigration

Authors Camilla DEVITT
Year 2011
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 24
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89 Journal Article

EU Migration and the Economic Crisis: Concepts and Issues

Authors Mikolaj Stanek, Jean-Michel Lafleur
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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91 Book Chapter

Human migration and the environment

Authors Susana B. Adamo, Haydea Izazola
Year 2010
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 20
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92 Journal Article

Trajectories of migration, social networks and emergent landscapes of migrant work

Authors Huw Vasey
Year 2016
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 3
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93 Journal Article

Asylum Policies and Protests in Austria

Authors Verena Stern, Nina Merhaut
Book Title Protest Movements in Asylum and Deportation
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94 Book Chapter

Destination Choices of Permanent and Temporary Migrants in China, 1985-2005

Authors Ye Liu, Wei Xu
Year 2017
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 25
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95 Journal Article

Migration and Polarisation on the Labour Market

Principal investigator Gabriella Elgenius (Project Leader), Denis Frank (Participants ), Vedran Omanovic (Participants)
Description
This project is one of six projects within the six year programme: The Challenges of Polarization on the Swedish Labour Market at the Department of Sociology and Work Science funded by the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, Forte. This project addresses the integration of migrants and minorities into the Swedish labour market by assessing the extent, implications and experiences of ethnic polarisation across different dimensions; that is, between majority and minority populations (first and second generations); and the diversity within the migrant workforce and its distribution across the occupational structure. Classical migration theory holds that migrants are recruited to perform jobs in the lower sections of the labour market that native workers avoid (Piore 1979; Massey et al. 1998). This also applies to Sweden, where many migrants are employed in low-wage and insecure employment (Johansson & Vingård, 2012). Comparisons of Western Europe countries have show that labour markets are polarised because ethnic minorities do not compete on equal terms with majority populations, and experience a substantial ‘ethnic penalty’ in the second generation (Heath & Cheung 2007; Johnson 2010). Given such patterns, important question arise concerning the prospects of migrants (both first and second generations) to transition into better-paid segments of the labour market and what strategies migrants develop to reduce the impact of discrimination (Modood 2015; Elgenius 2017). Sweden is considered one of the most gendered labour markets in the world (Charles & Grusky 2004) and intersections of ethnicity and gender need be considered as a ‘double disadvantage’ (Bradley & Healy 2008). However, the tendency towards polarisation within the migrant workforce is another focus for this project as diversity-within is visible with an increasing share of highly skilled migrants in Sweden; for example, computing professionals from India. Thus, the fact that migrant groups are unevenly distributed across the occupational structure requires further attention. For instance, the largest share of migrants within the construction sector is from Eastern Europe, whereas Indian nationals are concentrated in the IT sector (Migrationsverket). This project will critically appraise migrants’ occupational status, prospects and experiences in the Swedish labour market by focusing on diversity within the migrant workforce and the experiences of ethnic penalties in first and second generations (see, e.g., Elgenius 2011, 2017; Frank 2012, 2014; Omanović 2009, 2013, Knights and Omanović 2016).
Year 2017
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97 Project

Child migrants at the border

Authors Lourdes Torres
Year 2014
Journal Name Latino Studies
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98 Journal Article

Migrants’ transnational political engagement in Spain and Italy

Authors Luis Eduardo Guarnizo, Ali R Chaudhary, Ninna Nyberg Sørensen
Year 2019
Journal Name Migration Studies
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99 Journal Article

What Role Do Low-Skilled Migrants Play in the Japanese Labor Markets?

Authors Yasushi Iguchi
Year 2012
Journal Name American Behavioral Scientist, 2014, Vol. 58, No. 12, pp. 1614-1633
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100 Journal Article
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