Migration forms

The notion of migration forms concerns the question of who migrates. Global migration forms, or flows, include regular and irregular migrants who migrate for a broad array of reasons. Different migration forms are characterized by multiple and dynamic aspects. The differences between migration forms relate to variations in migration drivers, infrastructures, policies and experiences that shape migrants’ journeys. The Migration Research Hub encompasses a research on a range of different migration forms – a specific set of migration forms are included in the database as they reflect the existing body of knowledge and focus regarding f migration research on forms. While these are differentiated in a categorical manner, migration forms – and motivations – are rarely straightforward. Indeed, migration forms and flows are increasingly highlighted as mixed, as individuals’ motivations can be multiple and constantly developing throughout migration processes.

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Lost in Transition? The European Standards Behind Refugee Integration

Authors Judith Tanczos, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Description
This paper gives an overview of the current integration standards established within the Common European Asylum System and highlights the possible effects of the changing EU and national legal environment on the integration of beneficiaries of international protection. These integration standards are the starting point of the development of the integration indicators within the project “National Integration Evaluation Mechanism” (NIEM), which aims to support key integration and social actors in 14 EU Member States and Turkey to evaluate and improve the integration outcomes of beneficiaries of international protection. The EU’s greatest impact on the integration of beneficiaries of international protection has been through the stable legal framework of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). The recast Asylum Procedures, Reception Conditions, Qualification and Family Reunification Directives all build on the standards set by the 1951 Geneva Convention and aim for its full and effective implementation. They set a series of standards that shape the integration process, starting from the reception phase until the full legal, socio-economic and socio-cultural integration allowing refugees to realise their full potential to contribute to society. These binding legislative acts are complemented by the Common Basic Principles for Immigrant Integration Policy in the EU1 and its re-affirmation, 10 Years On2 , which guide Member States on how to respond to the needs and opportunities that beneficiaries of international protection bring to their new homes. However, in the past year, the emergence and strengthening of exclusionary, anti-migrant narratives has threatened to undermine national – and now the EU’s – stable legal framework and level of ambition to promote refugee integration. The negative political discourse induced a surprisingly coordinated race-to-the-bottom reply at national level, whose approach is reflected in the most recent European Commission Communication “Towards a Reform of the European Common Asylum System and Enhancing Legal Avenues to Europe”. This document shows a fundamental change in the approach towards beneficiaries of international protection. These proposals reframe the logic of asylum to a more temporary legal status in its nature and have more often recourse to the cessation clause4 , without assessing the long-term consequences: how will it affect the integration of beneficiaries of international protection?
Year 2017
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1 Report

Cities as Providers of Services to Migrant Populations

Authors Alexander Wolffhardt, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2018
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2 Policy Brief

The increasing use of detention of asylum seekers and irregular migrants in the EU

Authors Carmine Conte, Valentina Savazzi, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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3 Policy Brief

Private Sponsorship Programmes and humanitarian visas: a viable policy framework for integration?

Authors Giacomo Solano, Valentina Savazzi, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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4 Policy Brief

Strategic litigation: the role of EU and international law in criminalising humanitarianism

Authors Carmine Conte, Seán Binder, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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5 Policy Brief

Crackdown on NGOs and volunteers helping refugees and other migrants

Authors Lina Vosyliūtė, Carmine Conte, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Description
This report synthesises previous ReSOMA briefs concerning the crackdown on NGOs and volunteers helping refugees and other migrants. Section 1 captures the main issues and controversies in the debate on the policing of humanitarianism and the potential impacts of EU and national anti-migrant smuggling policies on civil society actors. This section has drawn on academic research in this area, and in particular on CEPS expertise in this field. Section 2 provides an overview of the possible policy options to address this phenomenon taking stock of the ongoing policy debate on solutions and alternatives. Section 3 aims to identify and quantify criminal cases of individuals, volunteers and NGOs providing humanitarian assistance to migrants in the European Union. This monitoring exercise has been carried out by MPG through ReSOMA’s collaborative and participatory process involving experts from NGOs, researchers and other stakeholders. Section 4 provides overall summary conclusions and recommendations to end the crackdown on NGOs and to prevent further policing of civil society. The final section proposes approaches to returning responsibility to EU actors, to be further explored by the ReSOMA platform, with a focus on good governance, human rights defenders, and the protection of humanitarian space inside the EU.
Year 2019
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6 Report

Migration from Central and Eastern Europe to Turkey

Authors Tuğba Acar, Deniz Karcı Korfalı
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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7 Book Chapter

Supporting the social inclusion of the undocumented: Options for the 2021 to 2027 MFF

Authors Alexander Wolffhardt, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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8 Policy Brief

The Temporary Nature of Ukrainian Migration: Definitions, Determinants and Consequences

Authors Marta Kindler, Agata Górny
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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9 Book Chapter

Circular Migration in Asia: Approaches and Practices

Authors Piyasiri Wickramasekara
Book Title Global Migration Issues
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10 Book Chapter

Evaluating Impact: Lessons Learned from Robust Evaluations of Labour Market Integration Policies

Authors Özge Bilgili, Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB), Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2015
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11 Report

Ukrainians in the Czech Republic: On the Pathway from Temporary Foreign Workers to One of the Largest Minority Groups

Authors Yana Leontiyeva
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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13 Book Chapter

Capital and mobility in the stepwise international migrations of Filipino migrant domestic workers

Authors Anju Mary Paul
Year 2015
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 8
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14 Journal Article

Ukrainian Migration to Poland: A “Local” Mobility?

Authors Marta Kindler, Zuzanna Brunarska, Monika Szulecka, ...
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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15 Book Chapter

Migration-related Conditionality in EU External Funding

Authors Roberto Cortinovis, Carmine Conte, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2018
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16 Policy Brief

Who is reshaping public opinion on the EU’s migration policies?

Authors Thomas Huddleston, Hind Sharif, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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17 Policy Brief

Crackdown on NGOs assisting refugees and other migrants

Authors Lina Lina Vosyliūtė, Carmine Conte, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2018
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18 Policy Brief

When refugees stopped being migrants: Movement, labour and humanitarian protection

Authors K. Long
Year 2013
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 31
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19 Journal Article

Integration Policies: Who Benefits?

Authors Thomas Huddleston, Elena Sánchez-Montijano, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2015
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20 Policy Brief

Gastarbeiter Migration Revisited: Consolidating Germany’s Position as an Immigration Country

Authors Jutta Höhne, Amanda Klekowski von Koppenfels
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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21 Book Chapter

Regulating Movement of the Very Mobile: Selected Legal and Policy Aspects of Ukrainian Migration to EU Countries

Authors Monika Szulecka
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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22 Book Chapter

Introduction

Authors Zana Vathi
Book Title Migrating and Settling in a Mobile World
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23 Book Chapter

Causality Chains in the International Migration Systems Approach

Authors Roel Jennissen
Year 2007
Journal Name Population Research and Policy Review
Citations (WoS) 29
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25 Journal Article

The Diversification of Intra-European Movement

Authors Deniz Sert
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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26 Book Chapter

Temporary Migration Programmes: the Cause or Antidote of Migrant Worker Exploitation in UK Agriculture

Authors Erica Consterdine, Sahizer Samuk
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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27 Journal Article

Klugman and Pereira’ Assessment of National Migration Policies

Description
This set of indicators compares several dimensions of migration policies as of early 2009. For a selected set of 28 countries, both developed and developing, the indicators address admission criteria, policies on integration and treatment of migrants, and efforts to enforce those policies. Irregular migration is a particular area of focus. The analysis distinguishes between different entry regimes, namely: labour migrants (high or low skilled, with a permanent or a temporary permit), those who move with a family-related visa, humanitarian migrants (asylum seekers and refugees), international visitors and international students. The indicators cover three main areas of policy interest: admission, treatment, and enforcement. Most of the 84 questions were multiple-choice, but there were also open-ended questions to allow comments and explanations. The data is drawn from an assessment by country experts as well as by desk-research of Human Development Report Office staff. Information was collected in two parallel and complementary efforts during early 2009: through a questionnaire answered by International Organization for Migration (IOM) country-level staff and other world-wide migration experts, and through internal desk-web research
Year 2009
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28 Data Set

Serial Labor Migration: Precarity and Itinerancy among Filipino and Indonesian Domestic Workers

Authors Rhacel Salazar Parreñas, Rachel Silvey, Maria Cecilia Hwang, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration Review
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29 Journal Article

Context-Based Qualitative Research and Multi-sited Migration Studies in Europe

Authors Russell King
Book Title Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies
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30 Book Chapter

Elites and emulators: The evolution of Iraqi Kurdish asylum migration to Europe

Authors Erlend Paasche
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Studies
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31 Journal Article

Unaccompanied minors, migration control and human rights at the EU’s southern border: The role and limits of civil society activism

Authors Roxana Barbulescu, Jean Grugel
Year 2016
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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32 Journal Article

Three rationalities for making sense of internal displacement in Ukraine

Authors Greta Lynn Uehling
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Studies
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33 Journal Article

UNACCOMPANIED STATUS AS A RISK FACTOR IN VIETNAMESE AMERASIANS

Authors RS MCKELVEY, JA WEBB
Year 1995
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
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34 Journal Article

Introduction: Domestic and Care Work of Migrant Women and the Right to Family Life

Authors Glenda Tibe Bonifacio, Maria Kontos
Book Title Migrant Domestic Workers and Family Life
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35 Book Chapter

The Economics of Mass Migration: Theory and Evidence

Description
The proposed research develops and tests models of individual behavior to provide evidence on the magnitude, causes and consequences of the mass migration between Europe and the US that occurred at the turn of the twentieth century. Underlying the project is the availability of electronic administrative records for 24 million migrants who arrived in the US via Ellis Island between 1892 and 1924, that we have obtained access to. Our earlier work using this data [Bandiera et al. 2011] shows that migration at the turn of the twentieth century was effectively a two-way flow between the US and Europe, rather than a one-way movement from Europe to the US. This insight is what the proposed research agenda seeks to build on. The proposed project will develop and apply economic theory and micro-econometric methods related to core questions in the economics of migration. Our proposal will provide theory and evidence on four broad research themes: (i) the determinants of temporary versus permanent migration, and consequently how each type of migrant is differentially selected; (ii) the behavior and socio-economic outcomes of migrants who endogenously chose to remain in the US; (iii) the impact of mass migration on the labor market outcomes of Americans; (iv) whether institutional change in the US was driven by the nature of selective migration into America and where migrants chose to settle. In consequence, and to return full circle to the original insight from Bandiera et al. [2011] that underlies this research proposal, we ask whether migrants that returned to Europe from the US drove institutional change across European countries at the turn of the twentieth century.
Year 2013
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36 Project

Migration of Ukrainian Nationals to Italy: Women on the Move

Authors Francesca Alice Vianello
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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38 Book Chapter

Migration, Gender, and Family

Authors Juan Carlos Calleros Alarcon
Book Title Global Perspectives on Migration and Development
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39 Book Chapter

Migrants hautement qualifiés et flux internationaux de talents, connaissances et capitaux

Principal investigator Ernest Miguelez (Principal Investigator)
Description
Highly Skilled Migration and International Flows of Talent, Knowledge, and Capital (TKC) is a project funded by the French National Research Agency (ANR). TKC aims to improve our understanding of whether and how highly skilled migrants activate their social networks and leverage their role as international knowledge gatekeepers, contribute to solve cross-border information problems, and transform the brain drain into brain gain and brain circulation. Highly skilled workers play a key role in today’s knowledge economies, as they introduce and diffuse innovations that encourage economic growth and well-being. Migrants are an essential component of these highly skilled workers worldwide: in 2013, the worldwide stock of migrants stood at 230 million, namely 3.2% of worldwide population (UN-DESA and OECD, 2013). However, important variations emerge across skills’ groups: tertiary educated immigrants living in OECD countries augmented by 70% during the 2000s, with just 10% for low-educated ones. Migration rates for the tertiary educated are higher than for the rest of the population, and generally increase with further education. Thus, differently from the past, highly skilled individuals represent the most dynamic component of international mobility flows. Far from taking place exclusively along a South-North or East-West axis, highly skilled migration occurs also between advanced economies, with the UK, Germany and other European countries as both destinations and origins. Science, technology, and engineering migration contributes heavily to these trends, including to its geographical variation. TKC’s research topic stands at the cross-roads of different disciplinary approaches, ranging from the geography of innovation, the economics of migration, and IB studies. All of them can be re-examined within the general theoretical framework of diaspora economics. Constant and Zimmermann (2016) define diasporas as “well-defined group(s) of migrants and their offspring with a joined cultural identity and ongoing identification with the country or culture of origin”, and propose to put them at centre-stage in all studies concerning migrations. While migration is the necessary precondition for diasporas to exist, not all migrant groups are internally bound by diasporic ties, nor ethnicity is the only source of such ties. In the case of highly skilled migrants, professional ties matter, too, as they both imply different migration channels and cohorts, and allows for specific forms of interaction. TKC is a theoretical and empirical project, whose deliverables will consist in research papers and open access datasets. Its ambition is to enrich the debate on migration on a global scale, but especially in Europe and France, where the dominant focus on low skilled or refugee immigration both obscures the importance of highly skilled flows and contributes to negative stereotyping. TKC will be articulated in six work-packages, taking a complementary approach between the macro (country), meso (firm), and micro (individual) levels of analysis. TKC has a strong engagement towards collecting micro-data concerning specific categories of very highly skilled workers, such as inventors, scientists and executives, with the migrant status to be ascertained by available biographic information and/or name analysis. These data may provide a suitable and interesting alternative to more classic data sources, both because of their detail and for their pointing at homogenous professional groups, rather than generically tertiary educated workers.
Year 2017
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40 Project

Research on climate change and migration where are we and where are we going?

Authors Elizabeth Ferris
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Studies
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41 Journal Article

Rotterdam as a Case of Complexity Reduction: Migration from Central and Eastern European Countries

Authors Mark van Ostaijen, Erik Snel, Margrietha ‘t Hart
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42 Book Chapter

National Immigration and Integration Policies in Europe Since 1973

Authors María Bruquetas-Callejo, Jeroen Doomernik
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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43 Book Chapter

Unaccompanied Young Migrants from Africa: The Case of Mauritania

Authors Fabienne Tanon, Abdoulaye Sow
Year 2013
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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44 Journal Article

The Dynamics between Integration Policies and Outcomes: a Synthesis of the Literature

Authors Özge Bilgili, Thomas Huddleston, Anne-Linde Joki, ...
Description
This paper reviews the comparative multi-level quantitative research on the links between integration policies, the integration situation of immigrants and a wide range of individual and contextual factors. Twenty-one reviewed studies and additional supporting articles indicate that a number of individual and contextual variables explain most of the variation between countries in terms of immigrants’ labour market integration, educational attainment, naturalisation and political participation. Thanks to the use of MIPEX and similar indices, some evidence is emerging that certain integration policies can be related to the specific integration outcomes that they aim to address. So far, only certain general and targeted employment policies can be directly associated with better labour market outcomes for immigrants and a lower incidence of employment discrimination. More indirectly, facilitating naturalisation, a secure residence and a secure family life seems to have positive effects on boosting labour market outcomes for certain immigrants. In the area of employment, studies rarely focus on a specific policy or properly match it to its specific intended target group and outcome. In the area of education, the inclusiveness of the school and education system seems to matter most for immigrant and non-immigrant pupils. Although targeted immigrant education policies adopted at national level do not display consistent results across countries in terms of pupils’ tests scores, most studies conclude that inclusive schools and education systems are more successful when they also target the specific needs of immigrant pupils. Several studies on the acquisition of nationality find that naturalisation policies are perhaps the strongest determinant of the naturalisation rates for immigrants from developing countries. Further research can explore which specific elements of naturalisation policies most help or hinder naturalisation. The few studies on political participation find that targeted policies and the acquisition of nationality may boost participation rates for certain immigrant groups. The fact that studies find no link between the general integration policy (i.e. MIPEX overall score) and a specific labour market outcome (i.e. employment rates for foreign-born) does mean that no causal relationship exist between integration policies and outcomes across countries. Considering that this multi-level research is still in infancy, studies have great room for improvement in terms of their use of databases and methodological tools. A more robust methodological approach using new international datasets can better explore the nuanced links between policies and societal outcomes. Future research needs to pay greater attention to linking a specific integration policy with its actual target group and target outcomes. Studies must also take into account time-sensitive contextual factors and general policies. International surveys can improve their measurement of integration policy outcomes in terms of longterm residence, family reunification, anti-discrimination, language learning, and, to some extent, political participation.
Year 2015
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46 Report

Migration and Immigrants in Europe: A Historical and Demographic Perspective

Authors Helga de Valk, Christof Van Mol
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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47 Book Chapter

Migration Infrastructure

Authors Biao Xiang, Johan Lindquist
Year 2014
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 76
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48 Journal Article

Consequences of Intra-European Movement for CEE Migrants in European Urban Regions

Authors Ursula Reeger
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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50 Book Chapter

Mother, wife, or worker: Life course and motivations of remarried Mainland Chinese immigrant women in Hong Kong

Authors Clara Wai-Chun To
Year 2019
Journal Name Migration Studies
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51 Journal Article

Varieties of capitalism, variation in labour immigration

Authors Camilla DEVITT
Year 2011
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 24
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52 Journal Article

Changing sector? Social mobility among female migrants in care and cleaning sector in Spain and Sweden

Authors María Sánchez-Domínguez, Susanne Fahlén
Year 2018
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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53 Journal Article

Lessons from the South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis

Authors Mikolaj Stanek, Jean-Michel Lafleur
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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54 Book Chapter

Ukrainian Migration to Greece: from Irregular Work to Settlement, Family Reunification and Return

Authors Marina Nikolova, Michaela Maroufof
Year 2016
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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55 Book Chapter

Forced Migration of Colombians: A Relational Perspective

Authors Marta I. Villa-Martínez, Pilar Riaño-Alcalá
Book Title The Practice of Research on Migration and Mobilities
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56 Book Chapter

‘For us, Migration is Ordinary’: Post-1989 Labour Migration from Bulgaria to Turkey

Authors Ayse Parla
Book Title Migration in the Southern Balkans
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57 Book Chapter

The emerging New Zealand jurisprudence on climate change, disasters and displacement

Authors J. McAdam
Year 2015
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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58 Journal Article

Theorizing the Ukrainian Case: Pushing the Boundaries of Migration Studies Through a Europe–US Comparison

Authors Cinzia D. Solari
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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59 Book Chapter

Beyond the ‘Migrant Network’? Exploring Assistance Received in the Migration of Brazilians to Portugal and the Netherlands

Authors Masja van Meeteren, Sonia Pereira
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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63 Journal Article

Overview of Trends and Policies on International Migration to East Asia: Comparing Japan, Taiwan and South Korea

Authors Yean-Ju Lee
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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64 Journal Article

Overview of Trends and Policies on International Migration to East Asia: Comparing Japan, Taiwan and South Korea

Authors Yean-Ju Lee
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Citations (WoS) 5
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65 Journal Article

The winner takes it all: Internal migration, education and wages in Ethiopia

Authors N.-H. Blunch, C. R. Laderchi
Year 2015
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 3
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66 Journal Article

Issues and recent trends in international migration in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors A Adepoju
Year 2000
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL
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68 Journal Article

Trajectories of migration, social networks and emergent landscapes of migrant work

Authors Huw Vasey
Year 2016
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 3
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69 Journal Article

Labour Market Responses to Immigration: Evidence from Internal Migration Driven by Weather Shocks

Authors Marieke Kleemans, Jeremy Magruder
Year 2018
Journal Name The Economic Journal
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71 Journal Article

Migrant workers’ wage offers: the paradox of the involvement of recruitment intermediaries

Authors Bilesha Weeraratne
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Studies
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72 Journal Article

Short-Term Labour Migration: Brazilian Migrants in Ireland

Authors Garret Maher, Mary Cawley
Year 2016
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 6
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73 Journal Article

The Migration of Professionals: Theories and Typologies

Authors Robyn Iredale
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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74 Journal Article

Migration of Low Skilled Workers from India to the European Union

Authors S.K. SASIKUMAR, Rakkee THIMOTHY
Description
This study explores factors that initiate and perpetuate low skill labour migration from India to the EU, examines the migration processes and evaluates the policy prescriptions available to manage such migration flows. Based on a survey of the available quantitative and qualitative evidence, our study points to the existence of a fairly stable and persistent demand for low skilled labour in the EU, at least in the medium term. As this demand cannot be fully met from within the EU, there is and will remain a strong demand for low skilled migrant workers from non-EU countries. This offers immense scope for traditional labour sending countries like India as well as destination countries in the EU to strengthen the migration–development nexus. Unfortunately, on both sides, there seems to be an absence of a coherent and focused policy for governing migration of low skilled workers. Considering that migration of low skilled workers from India is mainly directed to the Persian Gulf, the study also makes a comparison between the existing immigration policies in EU countries and the Persian Gulf in order to draw relevant policy perspectives. Evolving appropriate policy response in relation to low skilled migration to Europe is also necessary given that a significant share of such workers end up as irregular migrants in transit or at the destination.
Year 2012
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75 Report

‘I was professor in India and here I am a taxi driver’: Middle class Indian migrants to New Zealand

Authors Yasmin Hussain
Year 2019
Journal Name Migration Studies
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76 Journal Article

Migration and Climate Change

Authors the late Graeme Hugo, Graeme Hugo
Year 2013
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77 Book

The post-move satisfaction of internal migrants

Authors Michael K. Sloan, Philip S. Morrison
Year 2016
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 2
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79 Journal Article

Political integration and the career opportunities of immigrants in political parties: Experiences from Swedish party organisations

Authors Maritta Soininen, Martin Qvist
Year 2021
Journal Name Migration Studies
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80 Journal Article

New Patterns of Internal Migration in Emigrant-Sending Communities: the Case of China

Authors Qian Song, Zai Liang
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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81 Journal Article

Does Internal Migration Make Difference? An In-depth Study to Explore the Change in Socio-economic Status and Gender Relations between Internal Migrant Families

Authors Sadia Jabeen, Muhammad Wajid Tahir, Jam Ghulam Murtaza Sahito
Year 2017
Journal Name FWU JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
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84 Journal Article

The Mixed Motives of Unaccompanied Child Migrants from Central America's Northern Triangle

Authors Matthew Lorenzen
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal on Migration and Human Security
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87 Journal Article

Cycles of deportability: Threats, fears, and the agency of ‘irregular’ migrants in Canada

Authors Basia D Ellis, Henderikus J Stam
Year 2018
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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88 Journal Article

The Migration-Development Nexus Evidence and Policy Options State-of-the-Art Overview

Authors N Nyberg-Sorensen, Ninna Nyberg-Sorensen, Nicholas Van Hear, ...
Year 2002
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 94
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89 Journal Article

Report on Circular Migration in Egypt

Authors Tarek BADAWY
Description
This paper shows that the different migration policies reflect the national concern with alleviating the burden the increasing population imposes on national resources. On the one hand, Egyptian laws favor temporary labor migration as a labor distress mechanism and seek to create new opportunities via bilateral agreements. On the other hand, Egyptian laws reject the integration of non-nationals in Egypt and impose strict conditions regarding work and residency permits and naturalization. The paper assesses Egyptian migration laws dealing with migration, both into or out of Egypt, against the criteria of circular migration and shows that the existing framework currently enforces a quasi-circular migration at best. In the examination of Egypt as a sending country, the paper shows that migration law does in fact provide a legal framework that meets most of the criteria favoring circular migration. Nevertheless, legislation suffers from shortcomings within the context of management, in terms of readmitting returned migrants or creating incentives for their return. The paper also points to discriminatory provisions regarding fundamental rights among the different groups of foreigners in Egypt, where the most disadvantaged are refugees and asylum seekers. The paper highlights the need for policies that improve the economic and social conditions of migrants, and to include refugees in circular migration programs as well as reduce the recourse to illegal migration among refugees and Egyptians alike.
Year 2008
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91 Report

Migration of Ukrainians to the European Union: Background and Key Issues

Authors Marta Kindler, Olena Fedyuk
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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92 Book Chapter

Migrants' Regular Army of Labour: Gender Dimensions of the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis on Migrant Labor in Western Europe

Authors Sara R. Farris
Year 2015
Journal Name The Sociological Review
Citations (WoS) 12
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93 Journal Article

The intra-EU mobility regime: Differentiation, stratification and contradictions

Authors Godfried Engbersen, Peter Scholten, Arjen Leerkes, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 5
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94 Journal Article

'Upwards' or 'Sideways' cosmopolitanism? Talent/labour/marriage migrations in the globalising city-state of Singapore

Authors B. S. A. Yeoh
Year 2013
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 16
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95 Journal Article

Flexibility and Ambiguity: Impacts of Temporariness of Transnational Mobility in the Case of Turkey

Authors İlke Şanlıer Yüksel, Ahmet İçduygu
Year 2018
Book Title Characteristics of Temporary Migration in European-Asian Transnational Social Spaces
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96 Book Chapter

Short-Term Skilled Labour Movements and Economic Growth

Authors Massimiliano Tani
Year 2008
Journal Name International Migration
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98 Journal Article

The making of ‘skilled’ overseas Koreans: transformation of visa policies for co-ethnic migrants in South Korea

Authors Sohoon Lee, Yi-Chun Chien
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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100 Journal Article
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