Migration forms

The notion of migration forms concerns the question of who migrates. Global migration forms, or flows, include regular and irregular migrants who migrate for a broad array of reasons. Different migration forms are characterized by multiple and dynamic aspects. The differences between migration forms relate to variations in migration drivers, infrastructures, policies and experiences that shape migrants’ journeys. The Migration Research Hub encompasses a research on a range of different migration forms – a specific set of migration forms are included in the database as they reflect the existing body of knowledge and focus regarding f migration research on forms. While these are differentiated in a categorical manner, migration forms – and motivations – are rarely straightforward. Indeed, migration forms and flows are increasingly highlighted as mixed, as individuals’ motivations can be multiple and constantly developing throughout migration processes.

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Circular Migration in Asia: Approaches and Practices

Authors Piyasiri Wickramasekara
Book Title Global and Asian Perspectives on International Migration
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1 Book Chapter

Migration from Central and Eastern Europe to Turkey

Authors Tuğba Acar, Deniz Karcı Korfalı
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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2 Book Chapter

Ukrainians in the Czech Republic: On the Pathway from Temporary Foreign Workers to One of the Largest Minority Groups

Authors Yana Leontiyeva
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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4 Book Chapter

Capital and mobility in the stepwise international migrations of Filipino migrant domestic workers

Authors Anju Mary Paul
Year 2015
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 8
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5 Journal Article

Regulating Movement of the Very Mobile: Selected Legal and Policy Aspects of Ukrainian Migration to EU Countries

Authors Monika Szulecka
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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6 Book Chapter

When refugees stopped being migrants: Movement, labour and humanitarian protection

Authors Katy Long
Year 2013
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 31
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7 Journal Article

Temporary Migration Programmes: the Cause or Antidote of Migrant Worker Exploitation in UK Agriculture

Authors Erica Consterdine, Sahizer Samuk
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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8 Journal Article

Unaccompanied minors, migration control and human rights at the EU's southern border: The role and limits of civil society activism

Authors Roxana Barbulescu, Jean Grugel
Year 2016
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 4
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9 Journal Article

Migrants hautement qualifiés et flux internationaux de talents, connaissances et capitaux

Principal investigator Ernest Miguelez (Principal Investigator)
Description
Highly Skilled Migration and International Flows of Talent, Knowledge, and Capital (TKC) is a project funded by the French National Research Agency (ANR). TKC aims to improve our understanding of whether and how highly skilled migrants activate their social networks and leverage their role as international knowledge gatekeepers, contribute to solve cross-border information problems, and transform the brain drain into brain gain and brain circulation. Highly skilled workers play a key role in today’s knowledge economies, as they introduce and diffuse innovations that encourage economic growth and well-being. Migrants are an essential component of these highly skilled workers worldwide: in 2013, the worldwide stock of migrants stood at 230 million, namely 3.2% of worldwide population (UN-DESA and OECD, 2013). However, important variations emerge across skills’ groups: tertiary educated immigrants living in OECD countries augmented by 70% during the 2000s, with just 10% for low-educated ones. Migration rates for the tertiary educated are higher than for the rest of the population, and generally increase with further education. Thus, differently from the past, highly skilled individuals represent the most dynamic component of international mobility flows. Far from taking place exclusively along a South-North or East-West axis, highly skilled migration occurs also between advanced economies, with the UK, Germany and other European countries as both destinations and origins. Science, technology, and engineering migration contributes heavily to these trends, including to its geographical variation. TKC’s research topic stands at the cross-roads of different disciplinary approaches, ranging from the geography of innovation, the economics of migration, and IB studies. All of them can be re-examined within the general theoretical framework of diaspora economics. Constant and Zimmermann (2016) define diasporas as “well-defined group(s) of migrants and their offspring with a joined cultural identity and ongoing identification with the country or culture of origin”, and propose to put them at centre-stage in all studies concerning migrations. While migration is the necessary precondition for diasporas to exist, not all migrant groups are internally bound by diasporic ties, nor ethnicity is the only source of such ties. In the case of highly skilled migrants, professional ties matter, too, as they both imply different migration channels and cohorts, and allows for specific forms of interaction. TKC is a theoretical and empirical project, whose deliverables will consist in research papers and open access datasets. Its ambition is to enrich the debate on migration on a global scale, but especially in Europe and France, where the dominant focus on low skilled or refugee immigration both obscures the importance of highly skilled flows and contributes to negative stereotyping. TKC will be articulated in six work-packages, taking a complementary approach between the macro (country), meso (firm), and micro (individual) levels of analysis. TKC has a strong engagement towards collecting micro-data concerning specific categories of very highly skilled workers, such as inventors, scientists and executives, with the migrant status to be ascertained by available biographic information and/or name analysis. These data may provide a suitable and interesting alternative to more classic data sources, both because of their detail and for their pointing at homogenous professional groups, rather than generically tertiary educated workers.
Year 2017
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10 Project

Introduction

Authors Zana Vathi
Book Title Migrating and Settling in a Mobile World
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11 Book Chapter

Gastarbeiter Migration Revisited: Consolidating Germany’s Position as an Immigration Country

Authors Jutta Höhne, Amanda Klekowski von Koppenfels
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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12 Book Chapter

Causality Chains in the International Migration Systems Approach

Authors Roel Jennissen
Year 2007
Journal Name POPULATION RESEARCH AND POLICY REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 29
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13 Journal Article

Temporary Migration Programmes: the Cause or Antidote of Migrant Worker Exploitation in UK Agriculture

Authors Erica Consterdine, Sahizer Samuk
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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14 Journal Article

The Diversification of Intra-European Movement

Authors Deniz Sert
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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15 Book Chapter

Context-Based Qualitative Research and Multi-sited Migration Studies in Europe

Authors Russell King
Book Title Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies
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16 Book Chapter

The European Benchmark for Refugee Integration: A Comparative Analysis of the National Integration Evaluation Mechanism in 14 EU Countries

Authors Alexander Wolffhardt, Carmine Conte, Thomas Huddleston, ...
Description
This report presents a comparative, indicator-based assessment of the refugee integration frameworks in place in 14 EU countries. Analysis is focused on legal indicators, policy indicators and indicators which measure mainstreaming, policy coordination, as well as efforts aimed at participation and involvement of the receiving society. Results are being presented in relation to the concrete steps policymakers need to take in order to establish a refugee integration framework that is in line with the standards required by international and EU law, namely the building blocks “Setting the Legal Framework”, “Building the Policy Framework” and “Implementation & Collaboration”. Important conclusions can be drawn from the cross-country comparison in the dimensions of legal integration (residency, family unity and reunification, access to citizenship), socio-economic integration (housing, employment, vocational training, health and social security) and socio-cultural integration (education, language learning/social orientation and building bridges). Countries included in the NIEM baseline research are Czechia, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden. Results have been scored on a scale from 0 to 100, ranging from least favourable to most favourable provisions. Analysed data refer to recognized refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection (BSPs), and to the legal and other provisions in place as of April 2017. Future evaluation rounds of NIEM will strive to overcome data gaps, extend analysis to other groups under international protection, monitor changes over recent years, and by including integration outcome, financial and staff input indicators, will move forward towards building a comprehensive index measuring refugee integration.
Year 2019
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17 Report

Klugman and Pereira’ Assessment of National Migration Policies

Description
This set of indicators compares several dimensions of migration policies as of early 2009. For a selected set of 28 countries, both developed and developing, the indicators address admission criteria, policies on integration and treatment of migrants, and efforts to enforce those policies. Irregular migration is a particular area of focus. The analysis distinguishes between different entry regimes, namely: labour migrants (high or low skilled, with a permanent or a temporary permit), those who move with a family-related visa, humanitarian migrants (asylum seekers and refugees), international visitors and international students. The indicators cover three main areas of policy interest: admission, treatment, and enforcement. Most of the 84 questions were multiple-choice, but there were also open-ended questions to allow comments and explanations. The data is drawn from an assessment by country experts as well as by desk-research of Human Development Report Office staff. Information was collected in two parallel and complementary efforts during early 2009: through a questionnaire answered by International Organization for Migration (IOM) country-level staff and other world-wide migration experts, and through internal desk-web research
Year 2009
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18 Data Set

Introduction: Domestic and Care Work of Migrant Women and the Right to Family Life

Authors Glenda Tibe Bonifacio, Maria Kontos
Book Title Migrant Domestic Workers and Family Life
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19 Book Chapter

Issues and recent trends in international migration in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors A Adepoju
Year 2000
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL
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20 Journal Article

Migration of Ukrainian Nationals to Italy: Women on the Move

Authors Francesca Alice Vianello
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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21 Book Chapter

Migration, Gender, and Family

Authors Juan Carlos Calleros Alarcon
Book Title Global Perspectives on Migration and Development
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22 Book Chapter

UNACCOMPANIED STATUS AS A RISK FACTOR IN VIETNAMESE AMERASIANS

Authors RS MCKELVEY, JA WEBB
Year 1995
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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23 Journal Article

National Immigration and Integration Policies in Europe Since 1973

Authors María Bruquetas-Callejo, Jeroen Doomernik
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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24 Book Chapter

Ukrainian Migration to Greece: from Irregular Work to Settlement, Family Reunification and Return

Authors Marina Nikolova, Michaela Maroufof
Year 2016
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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26 Book Chapter

Unaccompanied Young Migrants from Africa: The Case of Mauritania

Authors Fabienne Tanon, Abdoulaye Sow
Year 2013
Journal Name ANNALS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
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27 Journal Article

Cycles of deportability: Threats, fears, and the agency of 'irregular' migrants in Canada

Authors Basia D. Ellis, Henderikus J. Stam
Year 2018
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 4
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28 Journal Article

Migration and Immigrants in Europe: A Historical and Demographic Perspective

Authors Helga de Valk, Christof Van Mol
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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29 Book Chapter

The Migration of Professionals: Theories and Typologies

Authors Robyn Iredale
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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30 Journal Article

Immigration and internal migration “flight”: A California case study

Authors William H. Frey
Year 1995
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 46
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31 Journal Article

Overview of Trends and Policies on International Migration to East Asia: Comparing Japan, Taiwan and South Korea

Authors Yean-Ju Lee
Year 2011
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
Citations (WoS) 5
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32 Journal Article

Overview of Trends and Policies on International Migration to East Asia: Comparing Japan, Taiwan and South Korea

Authors Yean-Ju Lee
Year 2011
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
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33 Journal Article

Consequences of Intra-European Movement for CEE Migrants in European Urban Regions

Authors Ursula Reeger
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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34 Book Chapter

Migration Infrastructure

Authors Biao Xiang, Johan Lindquist
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 76
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35 Journal Article

New Patterns of Internal Migration in Emigrant-Sending Communities: the Case of China

Authors Qian Song, Zai Liang
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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36 Journal Article

Transatlantic Roundtable on High-skilled Migration and Sending Countries Issues

Authors Said Ouaked
Year 2002
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 27
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37 Journal Article

Beyond the 'Migrant Network'? Exploring Assistance Received in the Migration of Brazilians to Portugal and the Netherlands

Authors Masja van Meeteren, SC Pereira
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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38 Journal Article

Changing sector? Social mobility among female migrants in care and cleaning sector in Spain and Sweden

Authors Maria Sanchez-Dominguez, Susanne Fahlen
Year 2018
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 1
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39 Journal Article

Theorizing the Ukrainian Case: Pushing the Boundaries of Migration Studies Through a Europe–US Comparison

Authors Cinzia D. Solari
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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40 Book Chapter

Short-Term Labour Migration: Brazilian Migrants in Ireland

Authors Garret Maher, Mary Cawley
Year 2016
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
Citations (WoS) 6
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41 Journal Article

Does Internal Migration Make Difference? An In-depth Study to Explore the Change in Socio-economic Status and Gender Relations between Internal Migrant Families

Authors Sadia Jabeen, Muhammad Wajid Tahir, Jam Ghulam Murtaza Sahito
Year 2017
Journal Name FWU JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
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42 Journal Article

The Economics of Mass Migration: Theory and Evidence

Description
The proposed research develops and tests models of individual behavior to provide evidence on the magnitude, causes and consequences of the mass migration between Europe and the US that occurred at the turn of the twentieth century. Underlying the project is the availability of electronic administrative records for 24 million migrants who arrived in the US via Ellis Island between 1892 and 1924, that we have obtained access to. Our earlier work using this data [Bandiera et al. 2011] shows that migration at the turn of the twentieth century was effectively a two-way flow between the US and Europe, rather than a one-way movement from Europe to the US. This insight is what the proposed research agenda seeks to build on. The proposed project will develop and apply economic theory and micro-econometric methods related to core questions in the economics of migration. Our proposal will provide theory and evidence on four broad research themes: (i) the determinants of temporary versus permanent migration, and consequently how each type of migrant is differentially selected; (ii) the behavior and socio-economic outcomes of migrants who endogenously chose to remain in the US; (iii) the impact of mass migration on the labor market outcomes of Americans; (iv) whether institutional change in the US was driven by the nature of selective migration into America and where migrants chose to settle. In consequence, and to return full circle to the original insight from Bandiera et al. [2011] that underlies this research proposal, we ask whether migrants that returned to Europe from the US drove institutional change across European countries at the turn of the twentieth century.
Year 2013
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43 Project

Forced Migration of Colombians: A Relational Perspective

Authors Marta I. Villa-Martínez, Pilar Riaño-Alcalá
Book Title The Practice of Research on Migration and Mobilities
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44 Book Chapter

‘For us, Migration is Ordinary’: Post-1989 Labour Migration from Bulgaria to Turkey

Authors Ayse Parla
Book Title Migration in the Southern Balkans
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45 Book Chapter

Beyond migration patterns-understanding family reunion decisions of Filipino labour and Thai marriage migrants in global reproductive systems

Authors Asuncion Fresnoza-Flot
Year 2018
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 4
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46 Journal Article

The emerging New Zealand jurisprudence on climate change, disasters and displacement

Authors Jane McAdam
Year 2015
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 4
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47 Journal Article

Trajectories of migration, social networks and emergent landscapes of migrant work

Authors Huw Vasey
Year 2016
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 3
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48 Journal Article

Conclusion

Authors Joëlle Moret
Book Title European Somalis' Post-Migration Movements
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49 Book Chapter

The winner takes it all: Internal migration, education and wages in Ethiopia

Authors Niels-Hugo Blunch, Caterina Ruggeri Laderchi
Year 2015
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 3
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50 Journal Article

Migrants' regular army of labour: gender dimensions of the impact of the global economic crisis on migrant labor in Western Europe

Authors Sara R. Farris
Year 2015
Journal Name SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 12
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51 Journal Article

LABOUR MARKET RESPONSES TO IMMIGRATION: EVIDENCE FROM INTERNAL MIGRATION DRIVEN BY WEATHER SHOCKS

Authors Marieke Kleemans, Jeremy R. Magruder
Year 2018
Journal Name ECONOMIC JOURNAL
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52 Journal Article

Migration of Children in ACP Countries: Of Their Own Free Will or by Force?

Authors Olivia Tiffoche
Book Title A New Perspective on Human Mobility in the South
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53 Book Chapter

The post-move satisfaction of internal migrants

Authors Michael K. Sloan, PS Morrison
Year 2016
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 2
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54 Journal Article

Gendering transnational communities: a comparison of Singaporean and British migrants in China

Authors K Willis, BSA Yeoh
Year 2002
Journal Name GEOFORUM
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55 Journal Article

Asylum Policies and Protests in Austria

Authors Verena Stern, Nina Merhaut
Book Title Protest Movements in Asylum and Deportation
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56 Book Chapter

The intra-EU mobility regime: Differentiation, stratification and contradictions

Authors Godfried Engbersen, Peter Scholten, Arjen Leerkes, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 5
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57 Journal Article

Precarity chains: cycles of domestic worker migration from Southeast Asia to the Middle East

Authors
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 1
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58 Journal Article

Migration of Ukrainian Nationals to Portugal: The Visibility of a New Migration Landscape

Authors Sónia Pereira, Maria Lucinda Fonseca
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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59 Book Chapter

Temporary versus Permanent Youth Brain Drain: Economic Implications

Authors Vladimir Balaz, Allan M. Williams, Daniel Kollar
Year 2004
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 45
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60 Journal Article

'Movement is a constant feature in my life': Contextualising migration processes of highly skilled Indians

Authors Anu Kou, Ajay Bailey
Year 2014
Journal Name GEOFORUM
Citations (WoS) 25
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61 Journal Article

New Patterns of Internal Migration in Emigrant-Sending Communities: the Case of China

Authors Qian Song, Zai Liang
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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62 Journal Article

Child migrants at the border

Authors Lourdes Torres
Year 2014
Journal Name LATINO STUDIES
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63 Journal Article

Troubling freedom: Migration, debt, and modern slavery

Authors Julia O'Connell Davidson
Year 2013
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 47
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64 Journal Article

Facing Precarious Rights and Resisting EU 'Migration Management': South European Migrant Struggles in Berlin

Authors Celia Bouali
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIAL INCLUSION
Citations (WoS) 1
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65 Journal Article

Regional organizations and intra-regional migration in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and prospects

Authors A Adepoju
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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66 Journal Article

Who Gets in and Why? The Swedish Experience with Demand Driven Labour Migration – Some Preliminary Results

Authors Henrik Emilsson
Year 2014
Journal Name NORDIC JOURNAL OF MIGRATION RESEARCH
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67 Journal Article

Migration and Climate Change

Authors the late Graeme Hugo, Graeme Hugo
Year 2013
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68 Book

HIGHLY-SKILLED INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS, CAREERS AND INTERNAL LABOR-MARKETS

Authors John Salt
Year 1988
Journal Name GEOFORUM
Citations (WoS) 46
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69 Journal Article

Destination Choices of Permanent and Temporary Migrants in China, 1985-2005

Authors Ye Liu, Wei Xu
Year 2017
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
Citations (WoS) 25
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70 Journal Article

Employment and Social Security Rights of Third-Country Labour Migrants under Eu Law: An Incomplete Patchwork of Legal Protection

Authors Herwig Verschueren
Year 2016
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MIGRATION AND LAW
Citations (WoS) 9
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71 Journal Article

Getting angry with honest people': The illicit market for immigrant 'papers' in Cape Town, South Africa

Authors Theresa Alfaro-Velcamp, Robert H. McLaughlin, Gahlia Brogneri, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 2
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72 Journal Article

The ripple effects of deportations in Honduras

Authors Cecilia Menjivar, Nestor Rodriguez, Juliana E. Morris
Year 2018
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 1
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73 Journal Article

Human migration and the environment

Authors Susana B. Adamo, Haydea Izazola
Year 2010
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 20
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74 Journal Article

The labor of social change: Seasonal labor migration and social change in rural western India

Authors Pronoy Rai
Year 2018
Journal Name GEOFORUM
Citations (WoS) 5
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75 Journal Article

Facing Precarious Rights and Resisting EU 'Migration Management': South European Migrant Struggles in Berlin

Authors Celia Bouali
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIAL INCLUSION
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76 Journal Article

'Upwards' or 'Sideways' cosmopolitanism? Talent/labour/marriage migrations in the globalising city-state of Singapore

Authors BSA Yeoh
Year 2013
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 16
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77 Journal Article

International Labour Migration and Migration Policies in Southeast Asia

Authors G Hugo
Year 2012
Journal Name ASIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE
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78 Journal Article

The making of 'skilled' overseas Koreans: transformation of visa policies for co-ethnic migrants in South Korea

Authors Sohoon Lee, Yi-Chun Chien
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
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79 Journal Article

Short-Term Skilled Labour Movements and Economic Growth

Authors Massimiliano Tani
Year 2008
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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80 Journal Article

Textbox 1: Circular Migration as a Development Tool: The Mauritian Approach

Authors Anil K. Kokil, Ali Mansoor, Vivekanandsingh Joysuree
Book Title Global Perspectives on Migration and Development
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81 Book Chapter

Change of Paradigms? A Comparison of Canadian and Spanish Labour Migration Models

Authors Claudia Finotelli
Year 2013
Journal Name JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE POLICY ANALYSIS
Citations (WoS) 1
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82 Journal Article

TEMPER: Temporary Versus Permanent Migration

Description
The overall objective of the TEMPER project consists of providing a comprehensive assessment of the pros and cons of recent initiatives to promote circular migration as an alternative to more traditional forms of temporary and permanent migration, not only among prospective migrants but also among current residents in the EU. These initiatives usually rely on a poor understanding of the ultimate reasons why some migrants spontaneously return to their country of origin while others do not, and why some of them re-migrate after return. More importantly, it is far from being clear that circular migration actually responds to the needs and expectations of many (potential) migrants from third-countries, and entails for them and their families more benefits than alternative forms of mobility. To overcome this lack of understanding, the TEMPER project will pursue three main objectives: (1) to identify the main drivers of return and circulation decisions of migrants recently involved in temporary and permanent migration, (2) to measure and explain the role that different programs and immigration policies at large have played in shaping those individual decisions and, (3) to assess the impact that different types of temporary, permanent and circular mobility have for migrant and non-migrant workers, their families and their employers. Two implicit assumptions will be tested. First, that circularity is a realistic alternative to both strictly temporary labour and permanent settlement because there exists a large enough pool of prospective migrants and returnees interested in engaging in circular mobility. Secondly, that circularity benefits the involved parties, including migrants, their families and their areas of origin, more than traditional forms of migration.
Year 2014
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83 Project

What Role Do Low-Skilled Migrants Play in the Japanese Labor Markets?

Authors Yasushi Iguchi
Year 2012
Journal Name AMERICAN BEHAVIORAL SCIENTIST
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84 Journal Article

Learning from our past: the effect of forced migration from Karelia on family life. (225 000 €)

Principal investigator John Loer ()
Description
Project description: The consequences of forced migrations are felt worldwide and faced by millions of people each year. The plight of migrants has come to the forefront recently as masses of people have migrated to Europe seeking asylum from predicaments faced at home. We will investigate the World War II evacuation of Karelians to southern and central Finland to determine the long-term outcomes of forced migration in order to learn from the past. The evacuees encountered much the same traumas and faced similar prejudices and resentment that current migrants face, making this population particularly appropriate to gain insight into the present and future of European migrants. Using an untapped data set from hundreds of thousands of displaced migrants and resident Finns, we will investigate the effect of forced migration on family relations and childbearing and assess the integration of migrants into society. In this project we will assess: 1) whether marital and reproductive behaviour of evacuees and resident Finns differ, 2) the consequences of mobility on reproductive behaviour, 3) whether the presence of neighbours or kin (e.g. grandmothers or siblings) mitigates effects on reproductive behaviour, 4) the socio-economic and social integration of migrants into society through marriage and the accumulation of wealth. These questions will be assessed relative to the study subject age at migration and gender, to determine the characteristics of sensitivity to forced migration. In this research project we intend to investigate the Karelian evacuees from a perspective never before considered and gain insight into general questions important to modern society by studying past events. There are few population level studies available on forced migrants’ marital and reproductive behaviour, and none that can assess marital and reproductive behaviour, kin relationships, and mobility before and after forced migration and at a multigenerational level. Workgroup members Monthly grant recipients:John Loehr, Pettay Jenni, To be named To be named Other members: Anna Rotkirch, Johanna Mappes, Mirkka Danielsbacka, Tuomas Salmi, Virpi Lummaa
Year 2016
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85 Project

All circular but different: Variation in patterns of Ukraine-to-Poland migration

Authors Agata Gorny
Year 2017
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
Citations (WoS) 1
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86 Journal Article

Comparing inter-migration within the European Union and China: An initial exploration

Authors Jianquan Cheng, Xiaonan Zhang, Craig Young, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 4
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87 Journal Article

New migrations in the Asia-Pacific region: a force for social and political change

Authors S Castles
Year 1998
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL
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88 Journal Article

Regional organizations and intra-regional migration in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and prospects

Authors A Adepoju
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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89 Journal Article

TEMPER

Description
The overall objective of the TEMPER project consists of providing a comprehensive assessment of the pros and cons of recent initiatives to promote circular migration as an alternative to more traditional forms of temporary and permanent migration, not only among prospective migrants but also among current residents in the EU. These initiatives usually rely on a poor understanding of the ultimate reasons why some migrants spontaneously return to their country of origin while others do not, and why some of them re-migrate after return. More importantly, it is far from being clear that circular migration actually responds to the needs and expectations of many (potential) migrants from third-countries, and entails for them and their families more benefits than alternative forms of mobility. To overcome this lack of understanding, the TEMPER project will pursue three main objectives: (1) to identify the main drivers of return and circulation decisions of migrants recently involved in temporary and permanent migration, (2) to measure and explain the role that different programs and immigration policies at large have played in shaping those individual decisions and, (3) to assess the impact that different types of temporary, permanent and circular mobility have for migrant and non-migrant workers, their families and their employers. Two implicit assumptions will be tested. First, that circularity is a realistic alternative to both strictly temporary labour and permanent settlement because there exists a large enough pool of prospective migrants and returnees interested in engaging in circular mobility. Secondly, that circularity benefits the involved parties, including migrants, their families and their areas of origin, more than traditional forms of migration.
Year 2014
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90 Project

Migration Trends and Migration Policy in Europe

Authors Peter Stalker
Year 2002
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 46
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91 Journal Article

Migration and Polarisation on the Labour Market

Principal investigator Gabriella Elgenius (Project Leader), Denis Frank (Participants ), Vedran Omanovic (Participants)
Description
This project is one of six projects within the six year programme: The Challenges of Polarization on the Swedish Labour Market at the Department of Sociology and Work Science funded by the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, Forte. This project addresses the integration of migrants and minorities into the Swedish labour market by assessing the extent, implications and experiences of ethnic polarisation across different dimensions; that is, between majority and minority populations (first and second generations); and the diversity within the migrant workforce and its distribution across the occupational structure. Classical migration theory holds that migrants are recruited to perform jobs in the lower sections of the labour market that native workers avoid (Piore 1979; Massey et al. 1998). This also applies to Sweden, where many migrants are employed in low-wage and insecure employment (Johansson & Vingård, 2012). Comparisons of Western Europe countries have show that labour markets are polarised because ethnic minorities do not compete on equal terms with majority populations, and experience a substantial ‘ethnic penalty’ in the second generation (Heath & Cheung 2007; Johnson 2010). Given such patterns, important question arise concerning the prospects of migrants (both first and second generations) to transition into better-paid segments of the labour market and what strategies migrants develop to reduce the impact of discrimination (Modood 2015; Elgenius 2017). Sweden is considered one of the most gendered labour markets in the world (Charles & Grusky 2004) and intersections of ethnicity and gender need be considered as a ‘double disadvantage’ (Bradley & Healy 2008). However, the tendency towards polarisation within the migrant workforce is another focus for this project as diversity-within is visible with an increasing share of highly skilled migrants in Sweden; for example, computing professionals from India. Thus, the fact that migrant groups are unevenly distributed across the occupational structure requires further attention. For instance, the largest share of migrants within the construction sector is from Eastern Europe, whereas Indian nationals are concentrated in the IT sector (Migrationsverket). This project will critically appraise migrants’ occupational status, prospects and experiences in the Swedish labour market by focusing on diversity within the migrant workforce and the experiences of ethnic penalties in first and second generations (see, e.g., Elgenius 2011, 2017; Frank 2012, 2014; Omanović 2009, 2013, Knights and Omanović 2016).
Year 2017
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92 Project

The Migration-Development Nexus Evidence and Policy Options State-of-the-Art Overview

Authors Ninna Nyberg-Sorensen, Nicholas Van Hear, Poul Engberg-Pedersen
Year 2002
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 94
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93 Journal Article

Transnational journeys and the limits of hometown resources: Salvadoran migration in uncertain times

Authors Noelle K. Brigden
Year 2015
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 1
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94 Journal Article

The Sociology of Migration

Authors Robin Cohen
Year 1996
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95 Book

Migration Policies and Migrant Employment Outcomes

Authors Alessio Cangiano
Year 2014
Journal Name Comparative Migration Studies
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96 Journal Article

Structural Emigration: The Revival of Portuguese Outflows

Authors Pedro Góis, José Carlos Marques
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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97 Book Chapter

Social class and international migration: Female migrants' narratives of social mobility and social status

Authors Maja Cederberg
Year 2017
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 3
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98 Journal Article

The Migration-Displacement Nexus

Authors Susan Martin, Khalid Koser
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99 Book

How neo-Marxism creates bias in gender and migration research: evidence from the Philippines

Authors Speranta Dumitru
Year 2018
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
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100 Journal Article
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