Dr. Benjamin Etzold is a social geographer and migration scholar with more than 15 years of experience in studying people’s vulnerability and livelihoods as well as trajectories of migration and patterns of displacement. He works at the Bonn International Center for Conflict Studies (BICC), a peace and conflict studies think tank. He led the EU-funded H2020 project TRAFIG (Transnational Figurations of Displacement, 2019-2022), which investigated the translocal dimensions of protracted displacement,...


Migration processes
Migration consequences (for migrants, sending and receiving countries)
Migration governance
Cross-cutting topics in migration research


  • BICC (Bonn International Centre for Conflict Studies)

    Research Institute, Bonn, Germany
    senior researcher


Understanding the dynamics of protracted displacement

Authors Albert Kraler, Benjamin Etzold, Nuno Ferreira
Year 2021
Journal Name Forced Migration Review
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1 Journal Article

Governing protracted displacement: An analysis across global, regional and domestic contexts

Authors Nuno Ferreira, Carolien Jacobs, Pamela Kea, ...
Year 2020
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2 Working Paper

Transnational Figurations of Displacement

Objectives: The overall objective of the project is to develop solutions for protracted displacement situations (PDS) that are better tailored to the needs and capacities of persons affected by displacement. Current policies struggle to find solutions to forced displacement. Refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) are often stuck in ‘limbo’, i.e. living in situations of vulnerability, dependency and immobility, due to continuous cycles of displacement and a lack of durable options. The project will therefore aim at answering the questions whether and how PDS, dependency and vulnerability are related to the factors of connectivity and mobility. It will further look at how in turn, connectivity and mobility can be operationalized to enhance the self-reliance and resilience of displaced people. Summary: Protracted displacement situations are estimated to affect about 13 million individuals globally, approximately two-thirds of the 20 million refugees today. PDS affects both refugees who have left their countries of origin as well as internally displaced individuals subsisting in precarious living conditions and seeking stability and safety with no prospects of local integration, resettlement, or safe return. TRAFIG will conduct its research by analysing specific sites of exhibited protracted displacement situations throughout Asia, Africa and Europe in order to better understand the daily lives and challenges of those living in PDS, and to ultimately devise new and creative approaches for the alleviation of these problems. Moreover, TRAFIG seeks to explore the relationship between connectivity and mobility, and the realities of protracted displacement situations which increase vulnerability in order to understand how PDS can be challenged. ICMPD’s policy unit leads the stakeholder engagement and dialogue with policymakers and further seeks innovative options for the exploitation of results. In addition, the unit examines governance frameworks on displacement at the European and global level. Project Partners: BICC (Bonn International Center for Conversion), Addis Ababa University, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, CMI (Chr. Michelsen Institute), Danube University Krems, Dignity Kwanza – Community Solutions, FIERI (Forum of International and European Research on Immigration), ICMPD (International Centre for Migration Policy Development), SHARP (Society for Human Rights & Prisoners’ Aid), Universiteit Leiden, University of Sussex, Yarmouk University
Year 2019
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3 Project

Agency and the Making of Transient Urban Spaces: Examples of Migrants in the City in the Pearl River Delta, China, and Dhaka, Bangladesh

Authors Tabea Bork-Hueffer, Benjamin Etzold, Frauke Kraas, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 9
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4 Journal Article

Migration, Informal Labour and (Trans) Local Productions of Urban Space - The Case of Dhaka's Street Food Vendors

Authors Benjamin Etzold
Year 2016
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 8
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5 Journal Article

Clouds gather in the sky, but no rain falls. Vulnerability to rainfall variability and food insecurity in Northern Bangladesh and its effects on migration

Authors Benjamin Etzold, Ahsan Uddin Ahmed, Selim Reza Hassan, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name Climate and Development
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6 Journal Article

Moving Beyond the Focus on Environmental Migration Towards Recognizing the Normality of Translocal Lives: Insights from Bangladesh

Authors Bishawjit Mallick, Benjamin Etzold
Book Title Migration, Risk Management and Climate Change: Evidence and Policy Responses
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7 Book Chapter

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