Greece

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Greece

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Description
Greece has traditionally been an emigration country. This changed in the 1970s when immigration started to outnumber emigration. However, Greece first started to create a legal framework for the management of immigration flows only in the 1990s. Yet, lacking perspectives to acquire and maintain a legal residence status continue to shape the situation of many immigrants from non-EU states until today. The first section of this country profile deals with the historical development of migratory flows to and from Greece since the 1970s. This is followed by a look at the main features of the migrant population in Greece particularly taking into account the question of irregular migrants and asylum seekers, as the three types of flows and stocks (legal, irregular and asylum) in the case of Greece are closely intertwined. Further sections then deal with the main migration management policies as well as citizenship and integration issues. The country profile concludes with a discussion of current and future challenges with regard to migration flows.
Year 2014
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1 Report

Greece

Authors Ruby GROPAS, Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2014
Book Title European immigration : a sourcebook. Second edition
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2 Book Chapter

Greece

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, Ruby GROPAS
Year 2007
Book Title [Global Governance Programme], [Cultural Pluralism]
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3 Book Chapter

The incomplete trajectory of Albanian migration in Greece

Authors Eda GEMI
Description
The study addresses the irregular migration of Albanians to Greece. In particular, it analyses the key findings of the fieldwork with 87 Albanian migrants, the dynamic of irregular migration from Albania to Greece, the factors and the actors who affect them as well as the success or failure of the relevant migration policies. The report shows that the expanding possibility of legal entry into Greece has had the immediate consequence of limiting irregular border crossing. What emerges is that the dynamic of attraction exerted by the demand for seasonal work in sectors like tourism and agriculture, is critical in shaping the irregular migration map. The data of the case study showed that irregular flows are not significantly implicating new migrants. Rather, we see that the involvement of those who perhaps possess even rudimentary information about the Greek environment and maintain contacts with the migration networks (ethnic, family and/or with Greek employers) in Greece. Finally, the migration plans of Albanians have been shaped accordingly with the impact of the crisis on opportunities for employment in Greece, the legal status, the level of influence and facilitation provided by migration networks, the migration policies, the liberalisation of the entry visa for Albanian nationals (implemented in December 2010), the bilateral relations between Albanian and Greece, and the unstable political and socio-economic situation in Albania.
Year 2015
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5 Report

Country report : Greece

Authors Dimitris CHRISTOPOULOS
Year 2009
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6 Report

The Incomplete Trajectory of Albanian Migration in Greece

Authors Eda Gemi
Description
The study addresses the irregular migration of Albanians to Greece. In particular, it analyses the key findings of the fieldwork with 87 Albanian migrants, the dynamic of irregular migration from Albania to Greece, the factors and the actors who affect them as well as the success or failure of the relevant migration policies. The report shows that the expanding possibility of legal entry into Greece has had the immediate consequence of limiting irregular border crossing. What emerges is that the dynamic of attraction exerted by the demand for seasonal work in sectors like tourism and agriculture, is critical in shaping the irregular migration map. The data of the case study showed that irregular flows are not significantly implicating new migrants. Rather, we see that the involvement of those who perhaps possess even rudimentary information about the Greek environment and maintain contacts with the migration networks (ethnic, family and/or with Greek employers) in Greece. Finally, the migration plans of Albanians have been shaped accordingly with the impact of the crisis on opportunities for employment in Greece, the legal status, the level of influence and facilitation provided by migration networks, the migration policies, the liberalisation of the entry visa for Albanian nationals (implemented in December 2010), the bilateral relations between Albanian and Greece, and the unstable political and socio-economic situation in Albania.
Year 2015
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7 Report

Borders and the mobility of migrants

Authors Angeliki DIMITRIADI, Antonia-Maria SARANTAKI
Description
The research seeks to show how bordering processes are implemented when confronted with the mobility of migrants at different stages with an emphasis on entry to Greece as well as mobility in the mainland. The report documents the experiences and perceptions of border agents and actors involved in bordering processes, at the external border but also within Greece and of migrants arriving in Greece post 2015; their interaction with the border, their inclusion and/or exclusion legally and socially and whether and how this impacts their decision to continue their journey onward or perhaps remain in Greece.
Year 2019
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8 Report

Securitizing Migration in the European Union: Greece and the Evros Fence

Authors Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Esra Dilek
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies
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11 Journal Article

Mapping the training needs of beneficiaries of international protection and the existing mechanisms for training provision in five EU Member States (with focus on women)

Authors Rosa VASILAKI
Description
The purpose of this study for Greece is to provide a review of the information and training needs of asylum seekers and beneficiaries of international protection and the national mechanisms for information and training provision (with focus on women). This report offers an overview of the existing mechanisms in Greece by looking at the array of stakeholders involved in the process of reception and integration of TNCs, refugees and beneficiaries of international protection in Greece. Along with documenting trends and canvassing the variety of stakeholders and projects, the study offers background information with regards to the peculiarity of socio-political and economic situation in Greece in order to explain the existing difficulties and identify the current challenges with regard to the system of reception and integration. Greece has recently been the theatre of an unprecedented refugee flow (as far as the country’s experience is concerned).
Year 2017
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12 Report

Governing Irregular Migration: States, Actors and Intermediaries

Principal investigator Anna Triandafyllidou (PI)
Description
The project asked two main research questions: How do migration control policies affect the plans and actions of prospective (and actual) irregular migrants? and, why some policies are more successful than others? In seeking to answer these questions, four empirical issues were addressed: (a) how migrants make and change their plans despite legal restrictions at destination countries; (b) which are the actors (national, local, transnational, state or non-state) that affect their decisions and actions; (c) how do these actors affect the decision making of potential migrants, their plans and actions ; (d) why specific actors are more effective than state policies in shaping migrants plans and decisions. The empirical research undertaken in this project concentrated on three migration systems within which irregular migration is an important component of overall migration towards Greece: Migration System 1.Balkans to EU migration system: Albania to Greece; Migration System 2. Eastern Europe to EU migration system: Georgia and Ukraine to Greece; Migration System 3. Southeast Asia to EU migration system Pakistan and Afghanistan to Greece.
Year 2012
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13 Project

Migrating from Pakistan to Greece: Re-visiting Agency in Times of Crisis

Authors Michaela Maroufof, Hara Kouki
Year 2017
Journal Name European Journal of Migration and Law
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14 Journal Article

Irregular migration between Georgia and Greece Everyone can cross a low fence

Authors Michaela Maroufof
Description
Georgians is one of the largest immigrant groups residing in Greece.In fact, Greece is one of the most important destinations for Georgian migrants. However, few studies have been devoted to Georgian migrants, who are usually examined along with other groups within broader studies. This background report aims to summarise the existing knowledge concerning irregular migration between Georgia and Greece, based on both primary and secondary research. In this context, we have examined the existing literature, we have collected data from various sources and we have conducted a series of interviews with stakeholders both in Greece and in Georgia. For the purposes of this study we have conducted over ten interviews with state officials and other stakeholders, such as representatives of Non-governmental Organisations, International Organisations and Georgian associations in Greece and 6 interviews with similar actors in Georgia between February and April 2013. In addition, we have collected or requested data from various sources ranging from Labour Force Survey statistics, insurance statistics and residence permits data to visa application statistics.
Year 2013
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16 Report

Statistics and Reality: Greece

Year 2009
Book Title Statistics and Reality
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17 Book Chapter

Greek education policy and the challenge of migration : an 'intercultural' view of assimilation

Authors Ruby GROPAS, Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2011
Journal Name Race Ethnicity and Education
Citations (WoS) 8
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18 Journal Article

Reform, counter-reform and the politics of citizenship : local voting rights for third country nationals in Greece

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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19 Journal Article

In Search of Asylum: Afghan Migrants in Greece

Authors Angeliki Dimitriadi
Year 2017
Journal Name European Journal of Migration and Law
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20 Journal Article

Ukrainian Migration to Greece: from Irregular Work to Settlement, Family Reunification and Return

Authors Marina Nikolova, Michaela Maroufof
Year 2016
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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21 Book Chapter

Albanian Irregular Migration To Greece: A New Typology Of Crisis

Authors Eda Gemi
Description
Since the 1990’s, Albania has witnessed one of the greatest and most dramatic migration flows of its history. Today, over a million Albanians – about 27,5% of the total Albanian population and 35% of the active population (RoA, 2010) – have migrated abroad; by far the highest proportion amongst the Central and East European countries. In Greece, Albanians constitute by far the largest migrant community. The literature suggests that more than half of the migrant population in Greece is Albanians, with estimates referring to the pre-2005 period as high as 57.5% or even 65% of the total (Cavounidis & Chatzaki 2000, Kasimis 2004). The current background report seeks to present the size and main trends of Albanian irregular migration to Greece as part of the Balkans to EU migration system. The report is divided into two main sections. Section one set the background of Albanian migration in Greece by presenting an overview of Albanian migrant stock and respective socio-demographic features. Special emphasis is placed on analyzing the relationship between Albanian migration and irregularity, in turn, divided into three subsections. Irregular migration is first shown to be a systemic process, filtered through a range of institutional/structural, socio-economic and individual-level factors. In that context, the return migration or migrating to other destinations are seen as an immediate alternative strategy to cope with the financial crisis and unemployment. Section two discusses the typology of irregular migration of Albanians to Greece as it has been identified by this study. In this section, we shall analyse the types and the profiles of irregular migrants configured in this typology, the socio-economic factors and policies that motivate or prevent the irregular movements with a view to reflect the reality on the ground and to understand the perspective of the irregular Albanian migrants to Greece in the years to come.
Year 2013
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22 Report

Report of the Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Manfred Nowak addendum

Authors Manfred Nowak, UN. Human Rights Council. Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Description
Mission to Greece [10-20 Oct. 2010].
Year 2011
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23 Report

From scapegoats to ‘good’ immigrants?

Authors Ifigeneia KOKKALI
Year 2011
Journal Name Quaderni del circolo rosselli
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25 Journal Article

Naturalisations procedures for immigrants : Greece

Authors Dimitris CHRISTOPOULOS
Year 2013
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26 Report

Access to electoral rights : Greece

Authors Dimitris CHRISTOPOULOS
Year 2013
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27 Report

The European Refugee Crisis and Humanitarian Citizenship in Greece

Authors Heath Cabot
Year 2019
Journal Name Ethnos
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29 Journal Article

New knowledge about Greece

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, Hara KOUKI
Year 2013
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30 Report

4. Crisis and the resurgence of emigration from Greece: trends, representations, and the multiplicity of migrant trajectories

Authors Manolis Pratsinakis, Panos Hatziprokopiou, Dimitris Grammatikas, ...
Year 2017
Book Title European Mobility in Times of Crisis
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31 Book Chapter

Migrants and political life in Greece : between political patronage and the search for inclusion

Authors Ruby GROPAS, Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2012
Journal Name South European Society and Politics
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32 Journal Article

Shelter for refugees arriving in Greece

Year 2017
Journal Name Forced Migration Review
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33 Journal Article

The dynamics of Ukrainian migration to Greece: Routes, decisions, practices

Authors Marina Nikolova
Description
The current analysis focuses on the irregular migration flows of Ukrainians to Greece and attempts to provide answers to the question of their expectations and motivations that shape their plans and whether and how their decisions and actions are influenced by various policies or actors. The purpose of the study is to present an assessment of the impact of migration regularisation policies and insurance policies as they appear from the life stories of Ukrainian migrants in Greece. The term ‘irregular migrants’ will be used as an interpretation of irregular residence as a result of legislation and regulations that define certain forms of mobility as desirable and legitimate, and others as illegal and non-desirable (Castles, S. et al. 2012).
Year 2015
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37 Report

The refugee ‘crisis’ in Greece: politicisation and polarisation amidst multiple crises

Authors Angeliki DIMITRIADI, Antonia-Maria SARANTAKI
Description
The European refugee “crisis” of 2015 first and foremost unfolded in Greece at a critical period for the country and its place in the EU. Amidst the threat of Grexit and domestic political turmoil, the arrival of the refugees raised to the forefront questions of responsibility and burden sharing between Greece and its EU partners. Drawing from de Wilde’s analytical framework, this paper tried to explore whether the question of responsibility became an issue of politicisation in Greece as well as polarisation and whether it resulted in policy change on migration. The analysis draws from three types of sources: online media, parliamentary debates & party announcements, and public opinion polls. Two periods are investigated: the discussion on relocation from May 2015 to November 2015 and the discussions on the EU-Turkey Statement of March 2016. Politicisation of migration pre-existed the crisis and acquired further salience during 2015-2016. Polarisation, in contrast, featured less in 2015, due to the focus on Grexit, but acquires salience in 2016 following the EU-Turkey Statement. Nonetheless two common themes underscore both periods. There is convergence (with varying degrees of intensity) in blaming the member states for failing to adhere to their responsibility and for showing little solidarity. Similarly, there is a broad convergence that migration policy is designed by the European Union and its institutions, with Greece only responsible for the implementation. Thus, the polarisation of 2016 over migration focuses more on the government’s poor implementation and less on the policies initiated at the EU level.
Year 2019
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38 Report

The vicious circle of irregular migration from Pakistan to Greece and back to Pakistan

Authors Κleopatra YOUSSEF
Description
Migration in Pakistan is intertwined with the country’s history and development. The internal and external mobility of people, which is based on a migratory culture that is both private and collective, has contributed to substantially altering the cultural constitution of the worldwide Pakistani population. Currently, four million Pakistanis who live and work outside the country, half of which in Europe and the United Kingdom in particular, constitute the largest community of the Pakistani diaspora. To put in somewhat general terms, Pakistan constitutes a paradigmatic case of a model of contemporary migration, which shows two distinct phases, one legal (at first) the other illegal (at a later stage), as a result of the varying conditions concerning migration in the Middle East and in Europe. Among the European countries, Greece presents a case of particular scientific interest as it serves today as a junction of irregular migration from Pakistan to Europe. The current research paper is focused on the Greek case of Pakistani mobility and attempts to shed light on irregular migration in particular. In this paper, are discussed several issues concerning Pakistani migration to and through Greece in a socio-historical context, in which the immigration policies of Greece and Pakistan are systematically examined. One such fundamental question is how do the Greek policies of migration affect or even control the plans and actions of irregular migrants? And, equally important, what is the role of social networks in decision making processes leading migrants to travel to and stay in Greece?
Year 2013
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39 Report

Solidarians in the Land of Xenios Zeus: Migrant Deportability and the Radicalisation of Solidarity

Authors Katerina Rozakou
Year 2017
Book Title Critical Times in Greece: Anthropological Engagements with the Crisis
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40 Book Chapter

H Mετανάστευση στην Ελλάδα του 21ου αιώνα

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, Thanos MAROUKIS
Year 2010
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41 Book

Refugee Flows and Volunteers in the Current Humanitarian Crisis in Greece

Authors Sotiris Chtouris, DeMond S. Miller
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Applied Security Research
Citations (WoS) 5
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42 Journal Article

'Sweet jail' : the Indian community in Greece

Authors Nadina CHRISTOPOULOU
Description
Seen within the context of the rising Asian migration to Europe, the Indian community in Greece dates back to the early seventies. Contrary to most other migrant communities however, it is not concentrated in the capital Athens, but is mostly dispersed in various areas around Greece. Although the current crisis has slightly decreased its population, this predominantly male community finds employment in agriculture and manufacturing. The vast majority are Sikhs mainly from Punjab, who maintain tight links with each other through their various associations and gurudwaras, while at the same time they are in close contact with their homeland as well as with their diaspora networks worldwide.
Year 2013
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43 Report

The refugee crisis in Samos, Greece

Authors Sofiane Ait Chalalet, Chris Jones
Year 2015
Journal Name Critical and Radical Social Work
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44 Journal Article

FROM TRANSIT HUB TO DEAD END: A CHRONICLE OF IDOMENI

Authors Marianthi Anastasiadou, Athanasios Marvakis, Panagiota Mezidou, ...
Year 2017
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45 Working Paper

Demand in the context of trafficking in human beings in the domestic work sector in Greece

Authors Danai ANGELI
Description
Even though Greece counts as one of Europe’s four main trafficking hubs and even though migrant domestic workers have been arriving in the country since the late 70s, these two storylines somehow fail to meet. According to the official figures, trafficking of human beings (THB) for domestic work is practically non-existent in Greece; and labour trafficking in general, is just a recent phenomenon. Addressing demand for cheap and exploitable workers becomes then a theoretical question. Migrant domestic workers themselves, however, have a very different story to tell about how they entered and stayed in the country, under what terms they found their work, what the expectations are and why they cannot leave. In most cases, these are stories of false promises, long working hours, small salaries and fear of coming forward. Lifting these cases out of their invisibility and understanding what are the factors shaping the demand in the context of THB in the domestic work sector is an important necessary step to open the debate on trafficking in domestic work in Greece.
Year 2016
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46 Report

The refugee crisis in Greece

Authors Nikolaos Gkionakis
Year 2016
Journal Name Intervention: Journal of Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Conflict Affected Areas
Citations (WoS) 7
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48 Journal Article

Introduction

Authors Riki van Boeschoten, Martin Baldwin-Edwards, Hans Vermeulen
Book Title Migration in the Southern Balkans
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49 Book Chapter

Missing Migrants in the Mediterranean: Addressing the Humanitarian Crisis

Authors THE MEDITERRANEAN MISSING PROJECT
Description
The Mediterranean Missing research project has sought to understand both the impact on families of having a relative missing in migration, and the law, policy and practice around the identification of bodies of dead migrants in Italy and Greece. Interviews with families of missing migrants from five countries confirmed the huge impact of not knowing the fate of loved ones, with families tortured by ambiguity and suffering a range of emotional and psychological consequences. In Lesbos, Greece, and Sicily, Italy, interviews with authorities, civil society and others confirm the presence of a policy vacuum around the issue of the missing, despite the duties on states imposed by human rights law. Investigation of deaths is inadequate, with effective post-mortem data collection and management challenged by the huge numbers of migrants, in some cases sufficiently to compromise future identification. In both Greece and Italy, response is characterised by a policy vacuum, with a large number of agencies with overlapping mandates lacking coordination. Whilst in Italy a dedicated Commission and its partners have demonstrated what can be done with appropriate resources, there is a need to ensure that all the dead benefit from such an approach. A constraint in both contexts remains the lack of outreach to families of the missing, who can provide ante-mortem data to enable identification, and who should anyway be at the centre of all efforts to address the issue and identify the dead.
Year 2016
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50 Report

Greece Policy Brief: Addressing Migration Challenges beyond the Current Humanitarian Crisis

Authors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Year 2016
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51 Policy Brief

Monitoring and Assessing the Integration of Vulnerable Migrants In Greece

Authors Dia ANAGNOSTOU, Eda Gemi
Description
The present report provides an in-depth assessment of integration policies and outcomes in the case of Greece by specifically bringing into focus the needs of three migrant groups who for various reasons are commonly considered to be especially vulnerable: women, children and victims of trafficking (VoTs). Do the migrant integration policies and programmes in Greece meet the specific integration needs of these three vulnerable migrant groups? In addressing this question, the present report describes and evaluates both a) the general national framework for the integration of migrants and the extent to which existing legal provisions and policy frames acknowledge and take into account the specific needs and conditions of these especially vulnerable immigrant subgroups, and b) the extent to which the application and implementation of existing laws, policies and practices promote a degree of integration of migrant women, children and VoTs in Greece, on the basis of measurable indicators. The assessment of integration outcomes focuses on collecting quantitative (statistical) data about the levels of integration of each of the three vulnerable migrant groups in comparison to the following groups: migrant women in comparison to migrant men; migrant women in comparison to women in the total population (native women); migrant children in comparison to children in the general population (native children).
Year 2015
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52 Report

Reflections on diaspora and soft power : community building among female US expats in Southern Europe

Authors Irina ISAAKYAN, Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2018
Journal Name Identities
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53 Journal Article

Access to health for refugees in Greece: lessons in inequalities

Authors Antonis A. Kousoulis, Myrsini Ioakeim-Ioannidou, Konstantinos P. Economopoulos
Year 2016
Journal Name International Journal for Equity in Health
Citations (WoS) 15
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54 Journal Article

Understanding the dynamics of migration to Greece and the EU: Drivers, decisions and destinations.

Authors H Crawley, F Duvell, K Jones, ...
Description
The Brief focuses on four main themes: The factors affecting the decision to leave; Journeys and routes taken to reach Greece; Intended destinations of those migrating; The use of smugglers to facilitate the journey.
Year 2016
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55 Report

Refugee solidarity in Europe: Shifting the discourse

Year 2019
Journal Name European Journal of Cultural Studies
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57 Journal Article

Evolution of negative visual frames of immigrants and refugees in the main media of Southern Europe

Authors Javier J. Amores, Carlos Arcila-Calderón, David Blanco-Herrero
Year 2020
Journal Name El Profesional de la Información
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58 Journal Article

Borders of (In)visibility in the Greek Aegean

Year 2012
Book Title Culture and Society in Tourism Contexts
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59 Book Chapter

‘It is not just the money. It is also how the people think over there’ Retracing the journey of Pakistani migrants to Greece

Authors Michaela Maroufof
Description
Within the context of Pakistani migration, the case of Greece as a critical pathway for migratory flows to Europe during the last few years acquires a special interest. For a large group of Pakistani migrants Greece has become an important destination country: immigrants started arriving in the country in the 1970s so as to work in the shipping industry (Dermetzopoulos et al., 2009; Leghari, 2009), which, according to Tonchev, was due to bilateral and trade agreements signed for their temporary employment (2007); their influx has gradually and steadily increased in the subsequent years taking irregular forms, both in terms of entry and residence status. A question that emerges with urgency both in the scholarly literature and in public life nowadays, then, is why and how people decide to migrate embarking upon a journey and a project that is irregular? To what extent migration control policies affect their decisions?
Year 2015
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60 Report

The Impact of the Recent Global Economic Crisis on Migration. Preliminary Insights from the South Eastern Borders of the EU (Greece)

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, Daria LAZARESCU
Description
Notwithstanding the difficulty of framing the topic, this study provides for a preliminary assessment of the impact of the recent global economic crisis on migration flows and employment in Greece. After providing insights into immigration stocks, incoming migration flows and their variation in Greece as well as migration-related flows, notably remittances, in recent months, the paper discusses the main lines of Greek migration policy and the political context in which it develops so as to provide for the context of both legal and irregular migration flows. Furthermore, it analyses the current economic context with a view to highlighting recent changes in the Greek labour market as regards the employment and unemployment rates of both Greeks and immigrant workers. In the concluding section, the paper evaluates to what extent the crisis has affected migration flows into and out of Greece and seeks to make predictions on how the economic crisis may further affect migration trends in Greece. Résumé Eu égard à la difficulté de cerner la thématique, la présente recherche pourvoit une analyse préliminaire de l’impact de la récente crise financière sur la migration et l’emploi en Grèce. Après s’être penchée sur l’effectif des immigrés, les flux migratoires entrants en Grèce et leur variation ainsi que sur la question des rentrées d'argent au cours des derniers mois, l’étude met en exergue les lignes fondamentales de la politique migratoire grecque ainsi que le contexte politique permettant de cerner les flux d’immigrants légaux et irréguliers. En outre, l’étude analyse la constellation économique actuelle en vue de montrer les récents changements survenus au niveau du marché du travail grec tout en tenant compte des taux d’emploi et de chômage des nationaux et des immigrants. En guise de conclusion, la recherche évalue dans quelle mesure la crise a affecté les flux entrants et sortants et tente de faire quelques prédictions se rapportant aux répercussions éventuelles de la crise économique sur les enjeux migratoires dans le pays.
Year 2009
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61 Report

"I prefer dying fast than dying slowly", how institutional abuse worsens the mental health of stranded Syrian, Afghan and Congolese migrants on Lesbos island following the implementation of EU-Turkey deal

Authors Christos Eleftherakos, Wilma van den Boogaard, Declan Barry, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name Conflict and Health
Citations (WoS) 1
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62 Journal Article

Greece’s new emigration at times of crisis

Authors Lois Labrianidis, Manolis Pratsinakis
Year 2016
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63 Working Paper

Briefing Note on the number of irregular migrants in Greece in 2010 and 2011

Authors Thanos Maroukis
Description
The political importance given to the phenomenon of irregular migration may be disproportionately high in relation to the actual size of the irregular migrant population in Greece and to the chronic problems of the Greek economy and its fiscal sustainability. This development is not surprising in a society in seek of stability, security and cohesion where the discourse of migration is one of the very few that can attract fanatic support and votes from the right and the left camps. In this context, Maroukis’s estimates of the irregular migrant stock in Greece in 2010 and 2011 interestingly indicate a substantial shift in the composition of the irregular migrant resident population rather than its size.
Year 2012
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64 Report

Emigrating in times of crisis : highlights and new data from an e-survey on highskilled emigrants from Southern Europe and Ireland

Authors Ruby GROPAS, Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Description
In 2013, the EUI’s Global Governance Programme launched an e-survey to gather new qualitative data on high-skill emigration from five EU Member States hard hit by the crisis: Greece, Italy, Ireland, Portugal and Spain. The e-survey was launched in collaboration with Real Elcano Institute, Trinity College Dublin and the Technical University of Lisbon. It was launched simultaneously in five languages (English, Greek, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish) and ran between 21st May and 18th August 2013. This report examines emigration of high-skilled citizens from five EU Member States hard hit by the crisis: Greece, Italy, Ireland, Portugal and Spain. It presents a general overview of the data generated from the web-based survey on ‘Emigration from Southern Europe and Ireland’ coordinated by the Global Governance Programme of the EUI.
Year 2014
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67 Report

National report on the governance of the asylum reception system in Greece

Authors Angeliki DIMITRIADI, Antonia-Maria SARANTAKI
Description
Greece since 2015 is faced with an unprecedented humanitarian crisis as well as management crisis. As the number of arrivals increased and then reduced, the country was challenged to find ways of adequately addressing the needs of asylum seekers. The present report seeks to map out how the reception system of Greece is governed, and the role of localities (Cities) in this governance process. The report highlights the presence of a complex national reception system that is still in its infancy with high levels of centralisation as regards decision-making processes and high levels of decentralisation as regards implementation. The pioneering role of cities is also discussed, in seeking to contribute to the reception system, often beyond the limits of their mandate.
Year 2019
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69 Report

Social development and transnational households: resilience and motivation for Albanian immigrants in Greece in the era of economic crisis

Authors Domna Michail
Year 2013
Journal Name Southeast European and Black Sea Studies
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70 Journal Article

Circular Migration between Albania and Greece

Authors Thanos MAROUKIS, Eda GEMI
Year 2010
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71 Report

Is the indiscriminate detention of irregular migrants a cost-effective policy tool? : a case-study of the Amygdaleza Pre-Removal Center

Authors Danai ANGELI, Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Description
The purpose of this new policy is straightforward: to secure that all irregular migrants — unless granted international protection — will be returned to their home countries. Faced with the deprivation of their liberty and without the hope of a timely release, the Greek authorities believe that migrants will be forced to co-operate and accept a so called “voluntary” [assisted] return or indeed a forced return to their country of origin. Greece will thus succeed in reducing the overall size of its irregular migrant population. At the same, this new policy is expected to act as a deterrent since it will “send a strong signal to third-country nationals willing to illegally enter Greece,” and “warn all immigrants who do not fall under the status of international protection that they will be arrested, detained and returned to the countries of origin.
Year 2014
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72 Report

Afghan refugee journeys : onwards migration decision-making in Greece and Turkey

Authors Katie KUSCHMINDER
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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73 Journal Article

Rights and Obligations of Citizenship

Authors Peter J. Spiro
Year 2020
Book Title Citizenship
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75 Book Chapter

Nonrecording the “European refugee crisis” in Greece

Authors Katerina Rozakou
Year 2017
Journal Name Focaal
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76 Journal Article

Tolerance and Cultural Diversity Discourses in Greece

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, Ifigeneia KOKKALI
Year 2010
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77 Report

Constructing difference : the mosque debates in Greece

Authors Ruby GROPAS, Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2009
Journal Name [Global Governance Programme], [Cultural Pluralism]
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78 Journal Article

The Newcomers’ Right to the Common Space: The case of Athens during the refugee crisis

Year 2018
Journal Name ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies
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79 Journal Article

 Death in the Greek territorial and symbolic borders: Anti-immigrant action for policing the crisis

Authors Giorgos Tsimouris, Roland Moore
Year 2017
Book Title Critical Times in Greece: Anthropological Engagements with the Crisis
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80 Book Chapter

Irregular migration in Greece : What is at stake?

Authors Anna Triandafyllidou, Eda Gemi
Description
The loss of over a thousand human lives in an effort to cross the Mediterranean has once again drawn media and political attention to the challenges that the EU is facing in governing irregular migration and asylum in the region. However, what seems to be still missing is our (experts’ and policy makers’) understanding of what drives people to put their lives at risk in search of a better future.The policy paper offers recommendations to the Greek government, policy makers and practitioners based on the results of the IRMA project.
Year 2015
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81 Report

delete: Recent trends in migrants' flows and stocks

Authors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Description
Recent trends in migrants' flows and stocks 2005, 2010, 2015, 2016, 2017 Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.
Year 2018
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82 Data Set

Temporary migrants and refugees in Greece: tranformative challenges

Authors Konstantinos Tsitselikis, Georgios Agelopoulos
Year 2020
Book Title Temporary migration, Tranformation and Development
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83 Book Chapter

Refugee Integration in Mainland Greece: Prospects and Challanges

Authors Dimitris Skleparis
Year 2018
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84 Policy Brief

Greece: The Contours of a Fragmented Policy Response

Authors Martin Baldwin-Edwards, Rossetos Fakiolas
Year 1998
Journal Name South European Society & Politics
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86 Journal Article

Muslim immigrants and the Greek nation : the emergence of nationalist intolerance

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, Hara KOUKI
Year 2013
Journal Name Ethnicities
Citations (WoS) 15
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87 Journal Article

Recent trends in migrants' flows and stocks

Authors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Description
Recent trends in migrants' flows and stocks 2005, 2010, 2015, 2016, 2017 Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.
Year 2018
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88 Data Set

Refugee solidarity in Europe: Shifting the discourse

Authors Eugenia Siapera
Year 2019
Journal Name European Journal of Cultural Studies
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89 Journal Article

Syrian refugees in Greece: experience with violence, mental health status, and access to information during the journey and while in Greece

Authors Jihane Ben Farhat, Karl Blanchet, Pia Juul Bjertrup, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name BMC medicine
Citations (WoS) 15
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90 Journal Article

Refugee Integration in Mainland Greece: Prospects and Challenges

Authors Dimitris SKLEPARIS
Year 2018
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91 Policy Brief

Immigration and Unemployment in Greece: Perceptions and Realities

Authors Martin Baldwin-Edwards, Constantina Safilios-Rothschild
Year 1999
Journal Name South European Society & Politics
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92 Journal Article

THE EMIGRATION OF GREEKS AND DIASPORA ENGAGEMENT POLICIES FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Authors J Cavounidis
Description
Since the onset of the economic crisis in 2008, hundreds of thousands of Greeks have left their homeland to seek employment abroad. Unlike past waves of emigration from Greece, the current wave is composed primarily of well-educated youth, whose precious knowledge and skills will be used to the advantage of other countries. Their exodus poses two major policy challenges: first, how to stem the outflow and utilize their knowledge and skills at home and, second, how to harness the enormous potential of Greeks currently abroad to benefit the Greek economy, by mobilizing the diaspora to use their knowledge, skills, talents, resources, and networks in ways which will positively impact the Greek economy. It is on this second set of policy challenges that this book focuses. OECD data on emigrants living in OECD and other countries reveal the increased educational level of those leaving Greece over the last decade compared to their predecessors. The populations of people born in Greece residing in various destination countries differ markedly, however, in terms of their educational profile. The Greek-born population living in the UK is by far the most educated, with nearly 70% holding a university degree, while only a small proportion of the Greek-born population in Germany has a university degree. Nonetheless, the composition of the Greek-born population living in Germany is changing rapidly, given that in the last decade Germany overtook the US as the number-one destination of Greek emigrants and that the educational level of recent Greek emigrants to Germany greatly exceeds that of Greeks who moved to Germany in previous decades. The Greek diaspora contains hugely successful business people, professionals, and academics, while its pool of talent is constantly expanding. So far, Greece has done little to utilise its valuable diaspora to the benefit of its economy. The international experience abounds with examples of successful diaspora policies implemented by both developing and developed countries, such as the creation of professional, scientific, and entrepreneurial networks which facilitate transfers of skills and knowledge and promote business development. For instance, the Talent Network for Innovation of ChileGlobal is composed of highly skilled members of Chile’s diaspora who contribute their time, experience, contacts, knowledge, and skills in order to create innovative Chilean companies and help existing companies to innovate and globalise. The Global Irish Network is composed of very influential Irish and Irish-connected business people based in forty countries who contribute to Irish economic development by promoting foreign direct investment and providing practical assistance to Irish exporters. Indus Entrepreneurs is a network of highly-skilled overseas Indians founded in Silicon Valley in 1992 which organizes hundreds of networking and entrepreneurship events every year and has played a major role in creating high-tech firms in India and stimulating spectacular economic growth. Greece needs to utilize the potential of its diaspora to enhance economic growth. Drawing on the rich international policy experience, the specific diaspora population segments and individuals that can make a valuable contribution to the Greek economy need to be identified and effectively mobilized, in order to capture the development benefits offered by its exceptionally talented diaspora.
Year 2016
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94 Report

Solidarity in Transition: The Case of Greece

Authors Leonidas Oikonomakis
Year 2018
Book Title Solidarity Mobilizations in the ‘Refugee Crisis’
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95 Book Chapter

Migration in Greece: People, Policies and Practices

Authors Anna Triandafyllidou
Year 2013
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96 Report

Report on political participation of mobile EU citizens : Greece

Authors Dimitris CHRISTOPOULOS
Description
This report explores challenges to political participation of mobile EU citizens in Greece. It discusses electoral rights of non-resident citizens and non-citizen residents from the EU in European Parliament and local elections. The report also offers recommendations on how to increase political participation of mobile EU citizens in this country.
Year 2018
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97 Report

“Greece is like a door, you go through it to get to Europe”: Understanding Afghan migration to Europe

Authors Angeliki DIMITRIADI
Description
The main issues highlighted in the report of IRMA research programme are the role of asylum as primary reason for migration, and the importance of capital as the main parameter of successful migration. The smuggler is the key actor underscoring all discussions, holding multiple roles; from facilitator of mobility, to source of information, or disruptor to the migratory project. The choice of destination and the limited information informants actually have, are discussed, as well as the role of Turkey as a hub for collection of information, but mostly of money to continue the journey. The border crossing for both entry and exit is discussed in relation to policies in Greece and particular border fencing and increased deterrence of entry. Finally, the text highlights the issue of detention, as the key policy in place at the time of writing that appears to have impacted heavily both the migratory route but also the decision of Afghans to leave Greece, either via transit (where possible) or via return to Afghanistan.
Year 2015
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99 Report

Unpacking a rapidly changing scenario: migration flows, routes and trajectories across the Mediterranean

Authors H Crawley, F Duvell, N Sigona, ...
Description
In 2015 over one million people crossed the Mediterranean to Europe in search of safety and a better life. Thousands died along the way. The MEDMIG project seeks to better understand these unprecedented movements in the region by examining the journeys, motivations and aspirations of refugees and migrants in Italy, Greece, Turkey and Malta.
Year 2016
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100 Report
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