Morocco

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Country report: Morocco

Authors Delphine PERRIN
Year 2011
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
1 Report

CARIM – Migration Profile: Morocco

Authors Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Tamirace FAKHOURY, Delphine PERRIN
Year 2009
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
3 Report

Le Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies au Maroc

Authors Khadija ELMADMAD
Description
(En) Morocco has long been a country of asylum seekers and refugees from various origin countries. Currently, in Morocco, refugees and asylum seekers are mainly from African and Middle-Eastern countries. Morocco is party to the Refugee’s Convention (1951) and its additional Protocol (1967). Morocco has ratified the Agreement of 23rd November 1957 on maritime refugees as well as its protocol. In 1957, Morocco adopted a law on the implementation modalities of the Geneva Convention related to the refugee status. This law enables the Office of Refugee and Stateless persons (ORS) for the administrative and legal protection of refugees. The law, as it stands, is too general and the ORS has ceased its activities. In spite of it being short lived, Moroccan Law refers to the Geneva Convention (1951) and thus to the rights related to refugee status in terms of the right to work, to education, to health, to freedom of movement etc (article 12-34). UNHCR has had an official representation in Morocco since 1965, through an honorary delegation, and since 2007 it has had diplomatic representation in the country. Because of the absence of any effective national procedure in the field of asylum, UNHCR registers asylum seekers and determines the refugee statute. The UNHCR office deals with all asylum claims and decides on the recognition of refugee status in Morocco. The refugees recognised in Morocco by UNHCR do not benefit from all the rights normally associated with the refugee statute in the Geneva Convention (1951). The Moroccan authorities do not automatically deliver a stay permit which is a necessary condition for migrants wishing to enjoy their rights. Since 2007, UNHCR in Rabat, in partnership with some local NGOs, is active in supporting recognised refugees. UNHCR’s presence in Morocco, in particular, its recent diplomatic representation in the country is considered by some experts and civil society actors as a sign of the ‘externalisation’ of European borders brought about by the EU’s European Immigration and Asylum policy. (Fr) Le Maroc a été depuis toujours un pays de réfugiés et de demandeurs d’asile pour plusieurs peuples venant de plusieurs pays. Actuellement les réfugiés et les demandeurs d’asile au Maroc proviennent principalement des pays africains et du Moyen Orient. Le Maroc a adhéré à la Convention de 1951 et à son Protocole additionnel de1967. Il a également ratifié l'Arrangement du 23 novembre 1957 relatif aux marins réfugiés et le Protocole à cet Arrangement. En 1957, le Maroc a adopté une loi qui a fixé les modalités d'application de la Convention de Genève relative au statut des réfugiés et qui a confié la protection juridique et administrative des réfugiés au Bureau des Réfugiés et Apatrides (BRA). Mais cette loi est assez peu détaillée et le BRA a presque cessé actuellement toute activité. Malgré son caractère bref et assez peu explicite, la législation marocaine se réfère à la Convention de Genève de 1951 qui accorde des droits bien précis aux personnes reconnues comme réfugiés, comme le droit au travail, à l’éducation et à la santé, à la liberté de circulation etc.(articles 12 à 34). Le HCR est représenté officiellement au Maroc depuis 1965, tout d’abord à travers une délégation honoraire puis par une représentation diplomatique en 2007. En l’absence d’une procédure nationale effective en matière d’asile, c’est le HCR qui enregistre les demandeurs d’asile et conduit la détermination du statut de réfugié. Le bureau du HCR traite ainsi toutes les demandes d’asile, détermine et reconnaît le statut de réfugié dans le pays. Les réfugiés au Maroc reconnus par le HCR ne bénéficient pas de tous les droits inclus dans la Convention de Genève de 1951. Les autorités marocaines ne leur délivrent pas automatiquement une carte de séjour qui leur permettra de jouir de leurs droits de réfugiés dans le pays. En partenariat avec certaines ONG locales, le HCR à Rabat est actif dans l’accompagnement des réfugiés reconnus, particulièrement depuis 2007. La présence du HCR au Maroc et son installation diplomatique dans le pays depuis 2007 est considérée par certains spécialistes en migration et par des acteurs de la société civile comme l’une des manifestations de l’externalisation des frontières européennes, du fait de la politique commune d’immigration et d’asile développée par l’Union Européenne.
Year 2009
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4 Report

La migración circular femenina marroquí en Huelva: impacto y cambio

Authors Chadia Arab
Year 2010
Journal Name OBETS. Revista de Ciencias Sociales
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7 Journal Article

Circular Migration between Morocco and Italy

Authors Piotr PLEWA
Year 2010
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8 Report

La Migration qualifiée au Maroc. Une étude socio-juridique

Authors Khadija ELMADMAD
Description
Le Maroc est concerné par la migration qualifiée. Plusieurs compétences marocaines vivent à l’étranger et plusieurs migrants qualifiés étrangers résident dans le pays. L’émigration des compétences marocaines à l’étranger comme l’immigration des personnes qualifiées au Maroc sont en même temps choisies et imposées. Ces migrations sont souvent choisies par les pays de destination et parfois aussi par les migrants, mais elles peuvent aussi s’imposer aux migrants (obligés de se déplacer pour garantir certains de leurs droits humains) et au pays (incapable de les contrôler ou les empêcher). Les migrants qualifiés marocains de la diaspora sont pour la plupart nés dans leur pays d’accueil ou sont sélectionnés au Maroc par leurs pays de destination. Des agences étrangères de recrutement des personnes qualifiées s’activent dans le pays. Le Maroc est conscient de la perte résultant de l’établissement de certaines de ses compétences à l’étranger, principalement en Europe et en Amérique du Nord, et essaie d’encourager leur retour. Les immigrés qualifiés vivant au Maroc ont diverses origines. Récemment, surtout certaines élites subsahariennes et des retraités européens ont élu domicile dans le pays. Les migrants qualifiés marocains devraient théoriquement bénéficier de tous leur droits aussi bien dans leurs pays d’accueil que d’origine. Mais en pratique, ils confrontent plusieurs problèmes socio juridiques et font parfois l’objet d’injustice et de déni de compétences. La condition juridique des immigrés qualifiés vivant au Maroc dépend de leur statut juridique (régulier ou irrégulier) et aussi parfois de leur origine. Un problème rencontré par une grande partie des migrants qualifiés (émigrés comme immigrés) actuellement est celui de la reconnaissance de leurs diplômes et la mise en valeur de leurs expériences. La migration qualifiée a un impact socio juridique au Maroc. Les Marocains de l’étranger ont eu une influence sur les réformes juridiques et institutionnelles introduites dans le pays depuis les années 2000. Par ailleurs, l’impact socio juridique de certaines compétences européennes et subsahariennes commence à se faire sentir dans le pays, même si cette migration reste très peu étudiée pour le moment. Abstract Morocco is affected by skilled migration. Skilled Moroccans live abroad and foreign skilled immigrants live in Morocco. The emigration of skilled Moroccans as well as qualified immigration to Morocco are both chosen and imposed. Migration is often chosen by host countries and by migrants, but may also be imposed on migrants (obliged to move for human-rights reasons) and on the country that is unable to control migration. Skilled Moroccan migrants were mainly born in their host country or were selected in Morocco by their host country. Indeed, foreign employment agencies search for potential skilled migrants in Morocco. Morocco is aware of the loss resulting from the settlement of its qualified citizens abroad, mostly in Europe and North America, and tries to foster their return. Skilled immigrants in Morocco have different origins. Some Sub Saharan elites and retired Europeans have recently settled in the country. Skilled Moroccan migrants should benefit from their rights in both origin and host countries, but they often face socio-legal problems and injustice and their skills are not always acknowledged.
Year 2010
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9 Report

Circular Migration Between Italy and Morocco: A case study

Authors Camilla DEVITT
Description
Circular economic migration refers to circular movements, which are partly motivated by either making or saving money. Moroccan migration to Italy has been sedentary rather than circular over the past two decades due to four main factors: visa requirements; employee status and employment based work permits; low earnings; and the absence of a livelihood in Morocco. I present a typology of forms of circular migration between Morocco and Italy based on existing theoretical and empirical research on (circular) migration and interviews with 30 Moroccan circular economic migrants and 21 Italian and Moroccan policymakers, stakeholders, key informants and researchers, conducted during the period June-November 2010. Italian and Moroccan policies, which incentivise and obstruct circularity are also discussed.
Year 2011
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10 Report

Border closures and the externalization of immigration controls in the Mediterranean: a comparative analysis of Morocco and Turkey

Authors Ayşen Üstübici, Ahmet Icduygu, Ahmet İçduygu, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name New Perspectives on Turkey
Citations (WoS) 1
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11 Journal Article

Circular Migration between Spain and Morocco: Something more than agricultural work?

Authors Carmen GONZÁLEZ ENRÍQUEZ, Miquel REYNÉS RAMÓN
Description
Circular migration between Morocco and Spain is currently restricted to a very narrow labour niche, the temporary agricultural work. Despite the geographical proximity between the two countries and the large number of Moroccan immigrants on Spanish soil, circular migration characterises only a minimal part of the migratory phenomenon. Other forms of circularity found in close and similar countries also related with Morocco, as Italy, are not present in Spain due to a variety of geographical and institutional reasons. The short periods Moroccan circular migrants spend in Spain and the low qualification of their jobs result in a small effect on development on origin. The report presents proposals to enlarge the scope of circular migration and open it to more qualified jobs.
Year 2011
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13 Report

Border closures and the externalization of immigration controls in the Mediterranean: A comparative analysis of Morocco and Turkey

Authors Ayşen Üstübici, Ahmet İçduygu
Year 2018
Journal Name New Perspectives on Turkey
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
14 Journal Article

Circular Migration between Morocco and Spain

Authors Carmen GONZÁLEZ ENRÍQUEZ, Miquel REYNÉS RAMÓN
Year 2010
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16 Report

Migrant-Related Institutions and Policies in Morocco

Authors Fatima SADIQI
Year 2004
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17 Report

The General Profile of the Migrant in Morocco

Authors Fatima SADIQI
Year 2007
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19 Report

Migration and Development: The Euro-Moroccan Experience

Authors Michael Collyer, Thomas Lacroix, Myriam Cherti, ...
Year 2009
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 8
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21 Journal Article

EU Neighbourhood Migration Report 2013

Authors Philippe FARGUES
Description
This report covers migration in 18 EU neighbouring countries, including: Algeria; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Belarus; Egypt; Georgia; Jordan; Lebanon; Libya; Mauritania; Moldova; Morocco; Palestine; Russia; Syria; Tunisia; Turkey and Ukraine. Each country report provides the most recent update on the demographic, legal, and socio-political aspects of both inward and outward migration stocks and flows.
Year 2013
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22 Report

La trayectoria laboral de los inmigrantes marroquíes en España con experiencia en laindustria exportadora en origen. Cuestiones metodológicas de la investigación

Authors Francisco Barros Rodríguez
Year 2017
Journal Name RIEM Revista Internacional de Estudios Migratorios
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23 Journal Article

TRANS-NET

Description
The objective of this project is to clarify and compare the complex process of transnationalism. During the past few years, transnationalism has attained ever greater importance and topicality due to the increase in transnational mobility of people. In order to attain a comprehensive and valid insight into the topic in question we adopt a multilevel approach. The research conducted in Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, India, Morocco, Turkey, and the United Kingdom addresses both policy documents and individual migrants, including labour migrants; posted workers; family-based migrants; humanitarian migrants, and foreign degree students. The focus lies on their transnational networks and political, economic, and socio-cultural activities. Moreover, the topic of transnational empowering is of central importance. The following transnational spaces will be taken as the main units to analyse the border-crossing relationships: Estonia/Finland, India/UK, Morocco/France, and Turkey/Germany. Research data will be gathered through content analysis of policy documents and semi-structured and life-course interviews among a selected sample of respondents in each participating country.
Year 2008
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24 Project

Rapport sur le cadre juridique et institutionnel de la migration au Maroc Années 2009 et 2010

Authors Khadija ELMADMAD
Description
Le Maroc possède une législation nationale en matière de migration et il a adhéré aux principales conventions internationales relatives aux déplacements de population et aux droits humains. Diverses institutions spécialisées s’activent dans le domaine du droit de la migration et travaillent avec les migrants marocains et étrangers. En 2009 et 2010, il n’y a pas eu de grands développements dans le domaine du droit de la migration au Maroc. Ce droit est caractérisé par une certaine faille entre la théorie et la pratique. Les droits des migrants comportent certaines limites aussi bien en ce qui concerne les Marocains résidant à l’étranger que les étrangers immigrés dans le pays. Abstract Morocco has domestic legislation relating to migration and has also signed the most important international treaties concerning population movements and human rights. Various specialized institutions deal with migration law and work with migrants (emigrants and immigrants). In 2009 and 2010, there was no important development in the field of migration law. During this period, we can note though a discrepancy between theory and practice and some limits on migrants’ rights, for both Moroccans residing abroad and for immigrants living in Morocco.
Year 2011
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26 Report

La question migratoire au Maroc : Données récentes

Authors Mohamed KHACHANI
Description
Le Maroc constitue un bassin migratoire important. Si le territoire a constitué, au cours de toute cette première moitié du XXème siècle, un pays d'immigration accueillant des flux migratoires relativement importants en provenance d’un certain nombre de pays européens, il est également et progressivement devenu depuis un pays d'émigration à destination des pays de l'Union européenne dans sa grande majorité. L'émigration marocaine vers cet espace est en effet devenue, depuis les années 1960, un phénomène sociétal majeur. Reste, toutefois, que le Maroc ne constitue pas seulement un foyer d’émigration dans la double mesure essentielle où il est aussi devenu un espace de transit pour de nombreux jeunes migrants originaires principalement de l’Afrique subsaharienne, et s’inscrit dans une tendance croissante à devenir un pays de résidence pour ces derniers. Morocco has always been an important migration hub. While it was an immigration country during the first half of the twentieth century, receiving relatively important migratory flows from a range of European countries, it has also become, in recent times, an emigration country, mainly towards European Union countries. Moroccan emigration towards the EU has become a major social issue. However, Morocco is not only defined as an emigration hub. It has also become a space for transit for young migrants from Sub-Saharan African countries, and it has become a country of residence for many of them.
Year 2011
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28 Report

Return Migration and Working Choices

Authors Massimiliano TANI, Stéphane MAHUTEAU
Description
This paper uses the recent survey carried out in the framework of the MIREM project on returnees to Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia and studies the duration of emigration and the labour force status upon returning. The results suggest that age and the year of emigration play a central role in the migration decision, but they do not support the hypothesis that the duration of migration is determined by the desired labour market status upon returning home.
Year 2008
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31 Report

Reversed Conditionality in EU External Migration Policy: The Case of Morocco

Authors Fanny Tittel-Mosser
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Contemporary European Research
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32 Journal Article

Migration and Border Politics in The South of United States And Spain

Authors María Isolda Perelló
Year 2019
Journal Name Migration and Diasporas: An Interdisciplinary Journal
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33 Journal Article

Maroc : Genre et migrations. Entre hier et aujourd'hui

Authors Abdelkrim BELGUENDOUZ
Description
Actualisée à la mi-novembre 2010, la présente note d’analyse et de synthèse constitue un état des lieux d’un point de vue socio-politique, sur l’application au Maroc de la démarche genre et migration. Le recours à cette méthode étant encore très embryonnaire, il s’agira de montrer ci-dessous l’intérêt du recours à cette approche, le pourquoi du retard de son adoption, les efforts entrepris sur le plan des institutions, de la société civile et du milieu de la recherche, pour jeter les bases de la saisie de la question de la migration internationale pour le Maroc (émigration et immigration) à l’aune de l’analyse genre. En procédant à une relecture de la trajectoire de la migration marocaine d’hier avec une grille de lecture « gendérisée », la première partie consiste à montrer en quoi et pourquoi a prédominé jusqu’à une période très récente, d’abord le suivi d’une politique migratoire choisie au masculin, qui n’équivaut pas nécessairement au déni de la migration au féminin. La nécessité est donc d’aborder au niveau analytique les silences relatifs au genre qui continuent de caractériser certains aspects de la question migratoire au Maroc, l’objectif étant de restituer la part prise par les femmes marocaines dans ces flux. La seconde partie retrace et évalue les efforts entrepris aujourd’hui par les différents acteurs institutionnels marocains dans la sphère migratoire, dans la prise en charge de ce vaste domaine multidimensionnel, en ayant recours aux instruments et aux ressorts de la méthode d’analyse et d’action en termes de genre. Abstract This text presents, in a sociopolitical perspective, a state of the art of the Gender and Migration approach in Morocco. It first deals with the positive significance of this approach, and then focuses on the recent attempts of the institutions, the civil society and the academics aiming at developing a gender-analysis of migrations in Morocco. The first part reviews the history of Moroccan migration in order to explain why, and how, male migration have been dominant in migration policies, although this does not mean that female migration where totally ignored. In other word, this text deals with the unspoken part of the analysis of migration in Morocco in order to restore the women’s role in this phenomenon. The second part presents the recent effort of various Moroccan institutions dealing with migration issues in order to apply to the Moroccan case the methods and the instruments of the gender approach.
Year 2010
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34 Report

Maroc : Genre et migrations. Entre hier et aujourd'hui

Authors Abdelkrim BELGUENDOUZ
Description
Actualisée à la mi-novembre 2010, la présente note d’analyse et de synthèse constitue un état des lieux d’un point de vue socio-politique, sur l’application au Maroc de la démarche genre et migration. Le recours à cette méthode étant encore très embryonnaire, il s’agira de montrer ci-dessous l’intérêt du recours à cette approche, le pourquoi du retard de son adoption, les efforts entrepris sur le plan des institutions, de la société civile et du milieu de la recherche, pour jeter les bases de la saisie de la question de la migration internationale pour le Maroc (émigration et immigration) à l’aune de l’analyse genre. En procédant à une relecture de la trajectoire de la migration marocaine d’hier avec une grille de lecture « gendérisée », la première partie consiste à montrer en quoi et pourquoi a prédominé jusqu’à une période très récente, d’abord le suivi d’une politique migratoire choisie au masculin, qui n’équivaut pas nécessairement au déni de la migration au féminin. La nécessité est donc d’aborder au niveau analytique les silences relatifs au genre qui continuent de caractériser certains aspects de la question migratoire au Maroc, l’objectif étant de restituer la part prise par les femmes marocaines dans ces flux. La seconde partie retrace et évalue les efforts entrepris aujourd’hui par les différents acteurs institutionnels marocains dans la sphère migratoire, dans la prise en charge de ce vaste domaine multidimensionnel, en ayant recours aux instruments et aux ressorts de la méthode d’analyse et d’action en termes de genre. Abstract This text presents, in a sociopolitical perspective, a state of the art of the Gender and Migration approach in Morocco. It first deals with the positive significance of this approach, and then focuses on the recent attempts of the institutions, the civil society and the academics aiming at developing a gender-analysis of migrations in Morocco. The first part reviews the history of Moroccan migration in order to explain why, and how, male migration have been dominant in migration policies, although this does not mean that female migration where totally ignored. In other word, this text deals with the unspoken part of the analysis of migration in Morocco in order to restore the women’s role in this phenomenon. The second part presents the recent effort of various Moroccan institutions dealing with migration issues in order to apply to the Moroccan case the methods and the instruments of the gender approach.
Year 2010
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35 Report

Sobrevivir al riesgo en la frontera de Ceuta.

Authors María Isolda Perelló
Year 2017
Journal Name Diarios del Terruño
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38 Journal Article

Counting the uncountable : measuring migrant integration between origin and destination

Authors Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Sona KALANTARYAN
Year 2017
Book Title Migrant integration between homeland and host society. Volume 2, How countries of origin impact migrant integration outcomes : an analysis
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39 Book Chapter

Introducing emigration and diaspora policies in integration studies

Authors Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Sona KALANTARYAN, Justyna Janina SALAMONSKA, ...
Year 2017
Book Title Migrant integration between homeland and host society. Volume 2, How countries of origin impact migrant integration outcomes : an analysis
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40 Book Chapter

Changes in the environment and migration in Southern Morocco –example of Mhamid oasis

Authors Karolina Sobczak-Szelc
Year 2008
Journal Name Miscellanea Geographica
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42 Journal Article

Compétences marocaines expatriées : Quelles politiques de mobilisation suivies pour le développement du Maroc ? Du TOKTEN au FINCOME

Authors Abdelkrim BELGUENDOUZ
Description
Centrée sur les compétences marocaines résidant à l’étranger et les diverses tentatives de leur mobilisation par les gouvernements successifs, depuis une vingtaine d'années au service du développement économique, social et technologique du Maroc, la présente note d’analyse et de synthèse, actualisée à fin janvier 2010, aborde quelques aspects institutionnels et politiques de la thématique sur l’émigration marocaine hautement qualifiée. Se focalisant sur les aspects pragmatiques, concrets et fonctionnels, l’analyse retenue met en exergue et évalue les politiques publiques suivies et les éléments de stratégies (Transfert des connaissances par l'intermédiaire des expatriés (TOKTEN), Forum international des compétences marocaines à l’étranger ou FINCOME), qui aident à comprendre pour le Maroc, exportateur de matière grise et de talents, les enjeux sociopolitiques cristallisés à l'intérieur comme à l'extérieur du pays par la migration hautement qualifiée, en liaison spécifiquement avec l'évolution quantitative et qualitative de la communauté marocaine résidant à l’étranger. This analytical note (updated at the end of January 2010) frames highly-skilled emigration patterns in Morocco in institutional and political terms, focusing on the skills of Moroccan expatriates and the attempts of Moroccan governments to involve these migrant communities in the development of the country in the last twenty years. While looking at pragmatic, concrete and functional aspects, the note analyses governmental policies, national strategies and initiatives – Transfer of Knowledge through Expatriate Professionals (TOKTEN) and the International Forum of Moroccan Competences abroad (FINCOME) – that have played a crucial role in determining highly-skilled emigration in Morocco, a country increasingly known for exporting its skills and talents. This gives a sense of the socio-political stakes and the implications for both external and internal highly-skilled migration, while taking the quantitative as well as the qualitative evolution of the Moroccan community established abroad into account.
Year 2010
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43 Report

In-between places: Trans-saharan transit migrants in Morocco and the fragmented journey to Europe

Authors Michael Collyer
Year 2007
Journal Name ANTIPODE
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45 Journal Article

Labour Markets Performance and Migration Flows in Arab Mediterranean Countries: Determinants and Effects

Authors Philippe FARGUES, Iván MARTIN
Description
The main objective of this Study is to analyze the key labour market determinants of migration flows from selected Arab Mediterranean Countries (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and the Occupied Palestinian Territories) and the impact of outward migration on the labour markets of Arab Mediterranean Countries (AMCs). This has been done mainly on the basis of the evidence and analysis produced by the two Thematic Background Papers and the 8 National Background Papers commissioned for the Study. In turn, the National Background Papers are deliberately based on national statistical data sources: this makes comparability less straightforward, but has the merit of using original data available at the local level, where they are collected and generated.
Year 2010
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48 Report

Labour markets performance and migration flows in Arab Mediterranean countries : a regional perspective

Authors Iván MARTIN
Description
The objectives of the Study are two-fold: To analyze the key labour market determinants of migration flows from selected Arab Mediterranean Countries (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and the Occupied Palestinian Territories), with a particular emphasis on demographic pressures, wage differentials and relative income disparities with the EU, employment policies, labour market flexibility and unemployment rates; this analysis includes the impact of migration on the labour markets of Arab Mediterranean Country (AMCs) labour markets; To propose a series of specific recommendations to improve the design of the EU’s migration policies towards AMCs and policy options available to them for the management of mismatches between labour supply and demand.
Year 2009
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49 Report

Definiendo a las personas de frontera entre España y Marruecos. Cuestiones empíricasy metodológicas

Year 2017
Journal Name Revista Internacional de Estudios Migratorios (RIEM)
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50 Journal Article

Imagining Europe from the outside. On the role of democracy and human rights perceptions in constructing migration aspirations and decision towards Europe

Principal investigator Christiane Timmerman (Coordinator), Walter Nonneman (Partner), Dirk Vanheule (Partner)
Description
By means of a non-Eurocentric, theoretically and empirically sound cross-country and cross-region research design, EUMAGINE studies the impact of perceptions of human rights and democracy on international migration aspirations and decisions. Special attention goes to human rights (including women’s rights) and democracy perceptions on Europe, specific European countries, and the relative popularity of Europe in comparison and competition with the US, Russia, Canada and Australia. The core idea of the project is that macro and meso level discourses on human rights and democracy influence micro level perceptions on these themes in countries of origin and transit, which in turn influence migratory aspirations and decisions. To obtain its objectives, the consortium of EUMAGINE (consisting of seven partners, Universiteit Antwerpen (Belgium, coordinator), University of Oxford (United Kingdom), International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (Norway), Koc University (Turkey), Université Mohamed V (Morocco), The Kennan Institute (Ukraine) and Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (Sénégal)) will study four major ‘source’ and ‘transit’ countries, namely Morocco, Senegal, Turkey and Ukraine. For research purposes, the consortium is divided in four Geographical Duo Teams (each composed of a EU and non-EU partner). Based on a multidisciplinary, mixed-method approach (survey, in-depth interviews and observations) and by adopting a case study approach and comparing and contrasting a diversity of important international emigration countries, various types of regions within these countries, several modes of migration, various types of influential discourses, and different profiles of potential migrants, EUMAGINE will provide insights on how perceptions on human rights and democracy are related to migration aspirations and decisions. EUMAGINE is a gender sensitive project in the way that the team will address gender issues in all stages of the research cycle. Dissemination of the (intermediary) project results will be planned carefully and formulated in a program of dissemination elaborated from the start of the project.
Year 2010
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51 Project

Femmes, Migrations et Droits au Maroc

Authors Khadija ELMADMAD
Description
La migration féminine a connu un développement important au Maroc, surtout depuis la fin des années 1970 et plus particulièrement depuis les années 1990. Mais, malgré ce développement, l’intérêt académique porté à ce type de migration, et surtout aux aspects juridiques de cette migration, ne s’est manifesté que très récemment. Les femmes migrantes ne forment pas un groupe homogène. Elles sont de plusieurs types et ont des statuts juridiques divers : les émigrées et les immigrées, les nationales et les binationales, les régulières et les irrégulières, les migrantes volontaires et involontaires, les temporaires et les permanentes, les mineures et les adultes etc. Les droits de chacune d’elles dépendent de son statut juridique et aussi social : la condition socio juridique des Marocaines résidant à l’étranger n’est pas similaire à celles des femmes immigrées au Maroc. Mais, la protection juridique de toutes ces femmes connaît des limites et des lacunes. La plupart des migrantes rencontrent des situations complexes où s’imbriquent oppression subie en tant que femmes et celle subie en tant qu’étrangères. La migration a un impact sur les femmes qui font le déplacement et sur leurs droits mais aussi sur la condition socio juridique de certaines autres femmes qui ne migrent pas. C’est le cas des femmes qui restent dans le pays après le départ des hommes, les left behind, d’après la terminologie anglaise. La présente étude est une étude socio juridique qui essaie de confronter les textes à la pratique. Elle analyse tout d’abord la condition socio juridique des Marocaines résidant à l’étranger, puis ensuite celle des femmes immigrées au Maroc et enfin l’impact de la migration sur les femmes et sur leurs droits. L’étude concerne toutes les femmes migrantes et tous les droits. Toutes les femmes migrantes, qu’elles soient émigrées ou immigrées, migrantes volontaires ou involontaires, en situation régulières ou irrégulières, etc. Tous les droits : les droits dans le pays d’origine et dans le pays d’accueil ; les droits civils et politiques ; les droits économiques, sociaux et culturels ; le droit de la migration en général et le droit des réfugiés en particulier. / Female Migration has grown in Morocco since the late 1970s and especially since the 1990s. However, despite this evolution, it is only recently that scholars have started researching here and particularly the legal aspects of female migration. Migrant women are not a homogeneous group. There are different kinds with different legal statuses : emigrants and immigrants, citizens of one country and citizens of two or more countries, regular and irregular, forced and voluntary, temporary and permanent, minors and adults etc. The rights of each kind of migrant woman depend on her legal and social status. The socio-legal condition of Moroccan women residing abroad is not the same as that of immigrant women living in Morocco. But, not all these migrant women enjoy their complete rights. Most migrant women face oppression as women and as foreign nationals. Migration has an impact on women who move and on their rights, but also on the socio-legal condition of some women who do not move. This is the case, for instance, of some Moroccan women who stay behind after their men have left. This paper deals with the rights of migrant women and the practice of these rights. It analyses, first, the socio-legal condition of Moroccan women residing abroad, then, second, that of the immigrant women living in Morocco and, finally the impact of migration on women and on their rights.
Year 2011
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
55 Report

Beyond Networks

Authors Godfried Engbersen, Oliver Bakewell, Maria Lucinda Fonseca, ...
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
56 Book

Leaving Work Behind? The Impact of Emigration on Female Labor Force Participation in Morocco

Authors Audrey Lenoël, Audrey Lenoel, Anda David
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration Review
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57 Journal Article

Conversations on visual memory

Authors Luisa PASSERINI
Year 2018
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
59 Book

Measuring integration of migrants a multivariate approach

Authors Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Sona KALANTARYAN, Sara BONFANTI
Description
In this study we examine the integration of immigrants born in selected non-EU countries (China, Ecuador, India, Iran, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey, Russia, Ukraine) living in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden and the UK. The units of analysis are the so-called migrant corridors, i.e. a migrant community x in a destination country y. A multidimensional perspective is adopted by focusing on their integration in the following three domains: labour market, education and access to citizenship. Our aim is to compare the level of integration of migrant corridors by dimension. Drawing on relevant micro-datasets, a set of basic integration indicators were identified for each dimension. Using the Principal Component Analysis technique, these basic indicators were synthesized into composite indicators, thus allowing for ranking migrant corridors both in terms of their absolute performances and compared with native outcomes.
Year 2015
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60 Report

Everyday politics of solidarity: Undocumented mobilities in Europe and the Mediterranean

Principal investigator Anitta Kynsilehto ()
Description
Project description: The Mediterranean Sea is the most spectacular stage for undocumented border-crossings around Europe, which hardly surprises anyone after the year 2015. Despite the international interest, the annual number of deaths only keeps increasing. In the meantime, the Mediterranean region is also a site of manifold solidarity practices, where different voluntary organisations and informal groups provide the people on the move with means for day-to-day survival, such as accommodation, food, health and sanitation, and offer empathetic support in solidarity. This research project examined everyday politics of solidarity through the interaction between undocumented migrants and solidarity actors. The research material was collected by multi-sited ethnographic methods in Morocco, France and Greece. The research showed how this interaction entails the quest for rendering the constantly changing, volatile political context intelligible in order to envisage further actions.
Year 2015
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61 Project

Transitando por la frontera hispano-marroquí: un recorrido histórico visual. Experiencias de campo en un entorno fronterizo

Authors María Isolda Perelló
Year 2020
Journal Name EncArtes multimedia
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62 Journal Article

Social Cohesion and Diaspora Politics

Authors Jonathan LAURENCE
Description
Faced with difficulties with the operation of their newly established Islam Councils, European governments are increasingly open to the involvement of erstwhile sending states in the social and religious lives of immigrant diasporas in Europe. This is especially visible in the provision of externally-funded religion services (imams and mosques) in the absence of viable domestic alternatives. This paper considers the British debate on social cohesion and offers some context and offers background on recent diaspora outreach from Morocco and Turkey. The sending states are natural partners of Europeans during the current phase of institution-building, and European governments have tried to channel these foreign influences to encourage the institutional integration of their Muslim minorities without ceding sovereignty over European citizens.
Year 2011
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63 Report

La migration marocaine dans les pays du Golfe

Authors Mohamed KHACHANI
Description
La migration économique vers l’Arabie Saoudite et les Emirats Arabes Unis a pris de l’importance principalement à partir du « boom pétrolier » de 1973. Cette migration intéresse pratiquement toutes les régions du Maroc ; elle est favorisée par les mesures restrictives prises par l’Europe et les similitudes culturelles avec ces pays. Les secteurs d’emploi des migrants dans ces pays couvrent une gamme très variée de branches dans le secteur des services, avec une prédominance de l’emploi féminin en particulier aux EAU, mais aussi dans les petits métiers tels l’artisanat, la mécanique, l’électricité et l’électronique, etc. Globalement, l’approche politique à cette question est menée sous le signe du paradoxe : « le besoin en main-d’œuvre et le non désir des étrangers» Cette peur d’être absorbés par les étrangers s’explique par le fait que les pays du Golfe enregistrent les taux de migration les plus élevés au monde. Si avec l’Arabie Saoudite, le Maroc n’a pas signé de convention de main-d’œuvre, il est lié par un accord avec les EAU et le Qatar signés en 1981 (et avec la Libye signé en 1983). Cette migration dans les pays du Golfe rapporte au Maroc une manne financière substantielle, il enregistre dans la région un fort taux des transferts. Abstract Since the 1973 oil crisis, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates have evolved into important receiver countries of labour migration flows. One of the main sender countries has been Morocco, due both to the limitations put in place by the traditional receiving countries in Europe and the similarity of cultural habits. As to their economic profile, Moroccans emigrants have been employed in a huge variety of sectors, e.g. services, handcrafts, electricity, electronic, and so on. On the whole, the political approach towards immigration issues in the Gulf countries can be summarized by the paradox “wanting labour but not foreigners”. This concern about migrants is partially explained by the fact that the Gulf countries register, today, the world’s highest net migration rates. From a legal perspective, Morocco signed bilateral labour migration agreements with United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Libya. Finally, in terms of migrants’ remittances, immigration in the Gulf countries represents a very important resource for the Moroccan economy.
Year 2009
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64 Report

Ethnic niche formation at the top? Second-generation immigrants in Norwegian high-status occupations

Authors Arnfinn H. Midtbøen, Marjan Nadim
Year 2019
Journal Name Ethncic and Racial Studies
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65 Journal Article

Democracy Promotion through Functional Cooperation? The case of the European neighbourhood policy

Authors Tina FREYBURG, Sandra LAVENEX, Frank SCHIMMELFENNIG, ...
Year 2011
Journal Name Democratization, 2011, 18, 4, 1026-1054
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66 Journal Article

Norm localisation and migration laws in the Maghreb

Authors Ylenia ROCCHINI
Year 2016
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71 Working Paper

The long arm of the Arab state

Authors Gerasimos Tsourapas
Year 2019
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
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72 Journal Article

The Impacts of the Current Financial and Economic Crisis on Migration in the Spain-Morocco Corridor

Authors Joaquín ARANGO, Fernando GONZÁLEZ QUIÑONES
Description
Abstract In 2009, it seems clear that the period of relatively rapid and sustained increase of international migration has come to a halt or, at any rate, slowed down as a result of the financial and economic crisis that started in the summer of 2007. It can be surmised that Spain is likely to be counted among the countries in which the multiple repercussions of the crisis on immigration will be larger and deeper. One reason for it is the fact that in Spain the economic downturn results in exceptionally higher rates of unemployment. Another reason is that the contrast of the new reality generated by the crisis is bound to mark an especially stark contrast with the preceding one. This paper aims at analyzing the major implications of the present financial and economic crisis on Spanish immigration, with particular attention to the community of Moroccan background that lives and works in Spain. The consequences of the recession on migration flows, their changing volume and trends are analyzed, together with its impacts on the demand for labor, unemployment and living conditions. With the many limitations that the paucity of data impose, trends in return migration and in the volume of remittances are examined as well. Looking at the future, it is likely that a long time frame will be required in Spain until the deep effects of the crisis disappear, due to the peculiar characteristics of the Spanish labour market. In such a scenario, it is clear that the forecasts for the employment and opportunities of the immigrant population cannot avoid a certain degree of pessimism. Résumé En 2009, l’augmentation des flux migratoires a subi un fort ralentissement suite à la crise financière et économique qui a commencé au milieu de l'année 2007. On peut affirmer que l'Espagne va probablement figurer parmi les pays dans lesquels les répercussions multiples de la crise sur l'immigration seront plus grandes et plus profondes. Ceci dépend du fait qu’en Espagne le ralentissement de l'économie a provoqué des taux de chômage exceptionnellement plus hauts par rapport à d'autres pays. Une autre raison est que la nouvelle réalité produite par la crise est difficilement réversible. Cette étude propose d’analyser les implications de la crise financière et économique actuelle sur l'immigration espagnole, avec une attention particulière à la communauté marocaine qui vit et travaille en Espagne. Pour répondre à ces objectifs, sont analysés les implications de la récession sur les flux migratoires, leur ampleur et tendances, ainsi que l’impact sur la demande du travail, le chômage et les conditions de vie. Malgré les nombreuses limitations imposées par le manque de données, les tendances de la migration de retour et des transferts financiers sont également examinées. S’agissant des prévisions, il est probable que les effets de la crise ne disparaîtraient de sitôt, en raison des caractéristiques spécifiques du marché du travail espagnol. Dans un scénario pareil, il est clair que les prévisions concernant l'emploi et les opportunités de la population étrangère soient plutôt pessimistes.
Year 2009
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
73 Report

La etnografía en el contexto de lasmovilidades mediterráneas

Year 2017
Journal Name Revista Internacional de Estudios Migratorios (RIEM)
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74 Journal Article

Lines Across the Desert: Mobile phone use and mobility in the context of trans-Saharan migration

Authors Max Leonard SCHAUB
Year 2012
Journal Name Information Technology for Development, 2012, 18, 2, 126–144
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77 Journal Article

Migration after the Arab Spring

Authors Philippe FARGUES, Christine FANDRICH
Description
This paper provides a statistical assessment of migration before and after the uprisings in the Southern Mediterranean. It will review European and Arab state policies regarding migration and will ultimately encourage the factoring of the outcomes of the Arab Spring within migration policies on both shores of the Mediterranean. The assessment is based upon the most recent statistical data gathered directly from the competent offices in European Member States; from policy documents emanating from the European Union and concerned States; and from first-hand accounts from surveys conducted in Spring 2012 by scholars in six Arab countries (within Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon) in collaboration with the Migration Policy Centre (MPC). Notably, migration to Europe has not been accelerated by the Arab Spring, apart from a short-lived movement from Tunisia, but has simply continued along previous trends. In sharp contrast, migration within the Southern Mediterranean has been deeply impacted by the events as outflows of migrants and refugees fled instability and violence in Libya and Syria.
Year 2012
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78 Report

Corridor report on Belgium : the case of Moroccan and Turkish immigrants

Authors Sonia GSIR, Jérémy MANDIN, Elsa MESCOLI
Description
This report compares two important corridor migrations to Belgium in order to better understand the variation in several dimensions of Turkish and Moroccan immigrants’ integration – in particular, labour market, education and citizenship. It is based on an original methodology combining three different data sources (an analysis of the legal and political frameworks, a quantitative analysis, and a survey). It aims to test the INTERACT project’s main hypothesis which conceives of integration as a three-way process. This report provides insight on integration from the immigration country perspective but also from the countries of origin; it appraises the impact that Turkey and Morocco may have on the integration of their migrants in Belgium. The main findings are the following. Firstly, the countries of origin may have an impact on integration when emigration starts. Secondly, countries of origin may have a positive or negative impact on some integration dimensions (citizenship) but no obvious impact on others (education and labour market). In their efforts to maintain and develop links and to protect migrants’ rights abroad, countries of origin can thus facilitate integration, but indirectly.
Year 2015
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79 Report

El reconocimiento del Código de la Familia Marroquí en Francia y su impacto sobre las mujeres migrantes marroquíes

Year 2015
Journal Name Revista Internacional de Estudios Migratorios (RIEM)
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
80 Journal Article

Refugee Protection Meets Migration Management: UNHCR as a Global Police of Populations

Authors Stephan Scheel, Philipp Ratfisch
Year 2014
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 20
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81 Journal Article

Feminism and Migration: Cross-Cultural Engagements

Authors Nouria Ouali
Year 2012
Book Title Feminism and Migration
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82 Book Chapter

The Unintended Legal and Policy Relevance of EU Mobility Partnerships A Comparative Implementation Analysis of Morocco and Cape Verde

Authors Fanny Tittel-Mosser
Year 2018
Journal Name European Journal of Migration and Law
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83 Journal Article

Feminism and Migration: Cross-Cultural Engagements

Year 2012
Book Title Feminism and Migration
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
84 Book Chapter

Herding in a Shifting Mediterranean Changing agro-pastoral livelihoods in the Mashreq & Maghreb region

Authors Michele NORI, Mohamed EL MOURID, Pamela GIORGI, ...
Year 2009
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85 Working Paper

Mobility partnerships: a tool for the externalisation of EU migration policy? A comparative study of Morocco and Cape Verde

Authors Fanny Tittel-Mosser
Year 2019
Book Title Constitutionalising the External Dimensions of EU Migration Policies in Times of Crisis
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
86 Book Chapter

Integration, Transnational Mobility and Human, Social and Economic Capital Transfers

Description
This project studies the links between migrants' integration and their transnational engagement. Over the past couple of decades, rich empirical research in the field of transnational migration studies has highlighted that migrants engage in transnational mobility for an array of reasons, ranging from economic motives to emotional or political ties with their country of origin. They develop transnational business, trade, investments, or social and cultural programmes and circulate between their two countries. Research objectives: ITHACA aims to explore the interconnections between the integration process and transnational mobility of migrants by answering three key questions: • To what extent, and in what ways, do integration conditions in the country of destination encourage transnational mobility? • What are the conditions in the country of origin that encourage transnational mobility? • What type of transfers take place through the transnational mobility of migrants? To study these questions, ITHACA examines the links between integration and transnational mobility in regard to four countries of destination (Austria, Italy, Spain and the UK) and altogether five countries of origin (Bosnia and Herzegovina, India, Morocco, the Philippines and Ukraine). ICMPD is responsible for conducting the Austrian case study. The groups studied in Austria include Bosnians, Indians, Filipinos and Ukrainians.
Year 2013
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89 Project

Mapping Specific Incentives for Countries of Origin to Facilitate Cooperation on Return

Principal investigator Albert Kraler (Project Team Member), Bernhard Perchinig (Project Team Member)
Description
This project aims at identifying need-based potentials for cooperation, which can lead to opportunities for improved cooperation between countries wishing to return persons not holding residence rights and five countries (Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Tunisia, Iran) in the field of return and readmission. More specifically, and based on the analysis of relevant international relations theories as well as on insights from expert interviews, the study will examine: • Options for the development of strategies for the creation of incentive based cooperation schemes in the field of return and readmission and to determine which incentives could be offered to the countries of origin of illegally resident third-country nationals without jeopardizing the EU's objectives in this area, and ultimately its own interests. • Experiences of selected EU-countries (Italy, the Netherland, the UK, Sweden) in cooperation with the above mentioned countries in the field of return. • Necessary conditions for the establishment of sustainable cooperation in the field of return (based on theoretical considerations and results of the empirical investigations) In addition, the project aims at producing five country specific case studies including information on: • the general situation with regard to migration and the corresponding third country. • the current state of cooperation between Austria and the third country • perceived problems in the area of repatriation • European experiences • positive incentives
Year 2017
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90 Project

Política migratoria en la Frontera Sur de España con Marruecos: sus consecuencias y el papel de las organizaciones de la sociedad civil.

Authors Francisco Javier García, Adelaida Megías, José Ortega, ...
Year 2015
Book Title Proceedings of the VIII Congress on International Migration in Spain
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91 Book Chapter

Migrant support measures from and employment and skills perspective (MISMES) : methodological note for the country studies

Authors Iván MARTIN, Shushanik MAKARYAN
Description
This methodological note has been developed within the project ‘Migrant Support Measures from an Employment and Skills Perspective’ (MISMES). It is part of a series of reports presenting the main findings of the MISMES project – namely, a worldwide inventory of migrant support measures implemented in sending countries to facilitate labour mobility and increase the developmental effect of migration, and five in-depth studies in the countries which concluded mobility partnerships with the European Union (EU): Armenia, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Morocco, and Tunisia. For the purpose of these reports, MISMES are defined as specific policy interventions – pre, during and post migration – aimed at improving the labour market integration of migrant workers or the matching of their skills. This methodological note aims to provide a common template and guidelines for the implementation of MISMES country case studies. The ultimate objective of these studies is to generate information not only to draw policy conclusions at national level, but also to allow for a systematic comparison of similar MISMES across countries. In other words, our intention is to draw more general conclusions about the performance of different MISMES models in different migration contexts and to provide evidence-based contribution to an informed policy dialogue on migration in the framework of the mobility partnerships between the EU and partner countries.
Year 2015
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92 Report

Inclusion, exclusion or indifference? Redefining migrant and refugee host state engagement options in Mediterranean ‘transit’ countries

Authors Kelsey P. Norman
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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93 Journal Article

Mapping Specific Incentives for Countries of Origin to Facilitate Cooperation on Return

Principal investigator Albert Kraler (Project Team Member), Bernhard Perchinig (Project Team Member)
Description
This project aims at identifying need-based potentials for cooperation, which can lead to opportunities for improved cooperation between countries wishing to return persons not holding residence rights and five countries (Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Tunisia, Iran) in the field of return and readmission. More specifically, and based on the analysis of relevant international relations theories as well as on insights from expert interviews, the study will examine: • Options for the development of strategies for the creation of incentive based cooperation schemes in the field of return and readmission and to determine which incentives could be offered to the countries of origin of illegally resident third-country nationals without jeopardizing the EU's objectives in this area, and ultimately its own interests. • Experiences of selected EU-countries (Italy, the Netherland, the UK, Sweden) in cooperation with the above mentioned countries in the field of return. • Necessary conditions for the establishment of sustainable cooperation in the field of return (based on theoretical considerations and results of the empirical investigations) In addition, the project aims at producing five country specific case studies including information on: • the general situation with regard to migration and the corresponding third country. • the current state of cooperation between Austria and the third country • perceived problems in the area of repatriation • European experiences • positive incentives
Year 2017
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94 Project

Transnationalisme, Dynamiques Identitaires et Diversification Culturelle en situations urbaines post-migratoires

Principal investigator Marco Martiniello (Coordinator), Hassan Bousetta (Partner), Sonia Gsir (Researcher), Caroline Zickgraf (Researcher)
Description
TRICUD aims at better understanding some of the reciprocal relationships between migration and change. The principal objective is indeed to better understand how migration transforms both sending societies in the South and receiving societies in the North. It is widely acknowledged that international migration has always been a cause as well as a result of economic, political, social and cultural change. It is a key dimension of globalisation. It affects, the dynamics of identities, the process of cultural diversification and social representations in urban settings both in the North and South. Migration has also prompted the formation of transnational social spaces connecting home and destination countries. This phenomenon is observable between Belgium and some of the countries of origin of its migrant population. The Democratic Republic of Congo and Morocco are in this respect two strategic case-studies. In order to better understand the dynamics of identities, the processes of cultural diversification and the dynamics of representations in urban settings affected by international migration and immigrants’ transnational practices both in Belgium and in two immigrant sending countries, the research will be carried out along three main directions, which consist in the 3 research projects are the post-migratory city and transnational flows, the dynamics of identities and the process of cultural diversification.
Year 2009
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95 Project

La inserción residencial de los inmigrantes en la costa mediterránea española. 1998-2007. Co-presencia residencial, segregación y contexto local

Authors Francisco Torres Pérez
Year 2009
Journal Name AREAS. Revista Internacional de Ciencias Sociales
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96 Journal Article

Dashboard of indicators for measuring policy and institutional coherence for migration and development (PICMD)

Description
The dashboard of indicators for measuring policy and institutional coherence for migration and development (PICMD) is a user-friendly tool that has been developed by the KNOMAD Thematic Working Group on Policy and Institutional Coherence. The dashboard aims to measure the extent to which public policies and institutional arrangements are coherent with international best practices to minimise the risks and maximise the development gains of migration, and can be used by domestic policy makers and other stakeholders such as researchers, civil society and international organisations. For policy makers, the dashboard should serve as a particularly useful tool during the policy formulation, evaluation and adjustment process. Indicators are organised around the following five policy dimensions: promote institutional coherence, reduce the costs of migration, protect the rights of migrants and their family, promote reintegration, enhance the development impact of migration. There are two distinct dashboards – one from the perspective of countries of origin and the other from the perspective of countries of destination – with separate indicators except in the area of institutional coherence. Any given country can be considered both a country of origin and a country of destination. The Thematic Working Group is currently operationalising the dashboard in 15 pilot countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cabo Verde, Germany, Jamaica, Kenya, Moldova, Morocco, the Philippines, Portugal, the Netherlands, Serbia, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, and Trinidad and Tobago.
Year 2016
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98 Data Set

Determinants of ‘Mobilisation’ at Home and Abroad: Analysing the Micro-Foundations of Out-Migration & Mass Protest

Principal investigator Olga Onuch (Principal Investigator), Gwendolyn Sasse (Principal Investigator), Jacquelien; van Stekelenburg (Principal Investigator), Sorana Toma (Principal Investigator)
Description
Im Zentrum des MOBILISE Projekts steht die folgende Forschungsfrage: Warum reagieren einige Menschen auf gesellschaftlichen Unmut mit Protesten, während andere in die Emigration gehen? Wir verknüpfen die konzeptuellen Erwartungen aus der Migrationsforschung und der Forschung zu sozialen Protesten miteinander und untersuchen: a) ob es ähnliche Faktoren sind, die die Entscheidung für Migration und/oder Protest auf der Ebene des Individuums bestimmen; b) wie der jeweilige politische, soziale und wirtschaftliche Kontext diese Arten von Mobilisierung beeinflusst; c) ob die Optionen Migration und Protest unabhängig voneinander sind, oder ob sie sich gegenseitig verstärken, oder ob eine Option die andere unterdrückt. MOBILISE verbindet verschiedene methodologische Ansätze (nationale repräsentative face-to-face Panel-Umfragen, Online-Umfragen unter Migrant*Innen; Direktumfragen unter Protestteilnehmenden, Fokusgruppen, narrative Interviews, Soziale Medien-Analyse) und ein Forschungsdesign, das zeitgleich an verschiedenen Standorten umgesetzt wird. Das Projekt konzentriert sich auf die Ukraine, Polen, Marokko und Brasilien - vier Länder, die in den letzten Jahren sowohl von signifikanter Emigration als auch von Protesten geprägt waren. Wir folgen den Migrant*innen aus diesen Ländern nach Deutschland, Großbritannien und Spanien. MOBILISE verbindet in seiner Konzeption und empirischen Reichweite vier innovative Elemente: 1) Es verbindet die Phänomene Migration und Protest in einer Studie; 2) es erfasst alle für eine vergleichende Studie relevanten Gruppen (Protestierende, Migrant*innen, Migrant*innen, die protestieren, und Individuen, die sich weder für Migration noch für Protest entschieden haben); 3) es erfasst Individuen durch die Panel-Struktur der Umfragen über einen längeren Zeitraum hinweg; 4) es nutzt Soziale Medien als Zugang zu Echtzeit-Informationen über die Rolle von Netzwerken und politischen Transfers (political remittances). Durch diese vier Dimensionen verspricht das Projekt, erstmals in diesem Umfang empirische Daten zu erheben, einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Theoriebildung in der Migrations- und Protestforschung zu leisten sowie einen Transfer von empirischen Erkenntnisse an Policy-Makers zu ermöglichen, die von zentraler Bedeutung für politische und wirtschaftliche Stabilität sind.
Year 2019
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99 Project

Migration and Transformation: Multi-Level Analysis of Migrant Transnationalism

Authors Pirkko Pitkanen, Ahmet İçduygu, Deniz Sert
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
100 Book
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