Conflict, war and violence

Conflict, war, and violence drive migration, particularly of asylum seekers, refugees, unaccompanied migrant minors, and internally displaced persons, as individuals are directly or indirectly affected by insecurity.

Studies listed under this migration driver refer to civil, ethnic, and religious conflict, war, terrorism, military intervention, human rights (violations and abuses), safety, and (in)security.

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Why Do People Flee? Revisiting Forced Migration in Post-Saddam Baghdad

Authors Duygu Ozaltin, Neophytos Loizides, Farah Shakir
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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1 Journal Article

Introduction : irregular migrant domestic workers in Europe : who cares?

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2013
Book Title Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU (ed.), Irregular migrant domestic workers in Europe : who cares?, Burlington ; Farnham : Ashgate, 2013, Research in Migration and Ethnic Relations Series, 209-232
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2 Book Chapter

Organisierte Gewalt, neue Migrationsmuster und Entwicklung: Eine komparative Studie in Europa und den Amerikas

Principal investigator Ludger Pries (Principal Investigator ), Stephanie Schütze (Principal Investigator )
Description
Das Verständnis internationaler Migration, insbesondere von Flucht, ist für Entwicklung und Stabilität auf nationaler sowie globaler Ebene zunehmend von Bedeutung. Zusammenhänge zwischen Migration und Entwicklung werden bereits seit den 1990er Jahren umfassend untersucht. Im Laufe der letzten zwei Jahrzehnte hat sich organisierte Gewalt jedoch als einer der Schlüsselfaktoren des Migrations-Entwicklungsnexus herausgebildet. Mancherorts kann organisierte Gewalt klar als verstärkender Einflussfaktor für internationale Migrationsprozesse identifiziert werden (z.B. Bürgerkriege in Zentralamerika und dem Mittleren Osten). Andererorts steht organisierte Gewalt in direktem Zusammenhang zu Migration (z.B. kriminelle Menschenhandelsnetzwerke). In Ankunftsländern tritt organisierte Gewalt in Form von Schwarzarbeitsnetzwerken, einheimischen Terroristenzellen oder Fremdenfeindlichkeit politischer Gruppen in Erscheinung (z.B. in den USA oder Deutschland). Diese unterschiedlichen Formen von Gewalt und Migration spiegeln gleichzeitig entwicklungsbezogene Faktoren wider. In manchen Fällen ist organisierte Gewalt das Resultat fehlender nachhaltiger Entwicklung oder von bewaffneten Konflikten um Rohstoffe, politische Macht oder soziokulturellen Einfluss; in anderen Fällen ist sie die Ursache fehlender Entwicklung oder massiver Migration. Das Konzept der organisierten Gewalt ist ein vielversprechender Ansatz, um neue Migrations- und Entwicklungsmuster zu verstehen. Als Kategorie umfasst es Formen sozialer Gewalt, die nur schwer mit den herkömmlichen konzeptuellen Rahmen organisierter Kriminalität, kollektiver Gewalt und politischer Gewalt zu erfassen sind. In Anbetracht seiner Bedeutung für den zentral- und nordamerikanischen Raum, sowie für den Raum Afrika, Mittlerer Osten und Osteuropa ist ein komparativ angelegtes internationales Forschungsvorhaben, das die Stärken unterschiedlicher regionaler Kontexte und akademischer Netzwerke kombiniert, besonders sinnvoll. Daher wird dieses Forschungsprojekt Formen von Gewalt miteinander vergleichen und einander gegenüberstellen, mit einem besonderen Augenmerk auf organisierte Gewalt und auf die Art und Weise, wie diese Migrations- und Entwicklungsmuster prägt. Das Projektteam besteht aus zwei institutionellen Partnern: dem Lateinamerika-Institut der Freien Universität Berlin und der Ruhr-Universität Bochum unter der Leitung von Ludger Pries (RUB) und Stephanie Schütze (FU) als Projektleiter/innen. Die beiden Partnerinstitutionen werden in diesem Projekt mit Wissenschaftler/innen von dem El Colegio de México und der Universidad de Guadalajara in Mexiko, der Universität Koç und dem Orient-Institut Istanbul in der Türkei sowie der University of Illinois at Chicago in den USA zusammenarbeiten.
Year 2019
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3 Project

On silences: Salvadoran refugees then and now

Authors Leisy J. Abrego
Year 2017
Journal Name Latino Studies
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4 Journal Article

Iraq's long-term impact on jihadist terrorism

Authors Daniel L. Byman, Kenneth M. Pollack
Year 2008
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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5 Journal Article

Refugee Women and (psychosocial) Volunteer Engagement

Principal investigator Ulrike Kluge (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Das vorliegende Teilprojekt wird im Rahmen des BIM-Forschungs-Interventions-Clusters ""Solidarität im Wandel?"" durchgeführt, das durch die Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für Migration, Flüchtlinge und Integration gefördert wird. Das Projekt “reWoven- refugee women and (psychosocial) volunteer engagement” möchte Prozesse der Solidarisierung von ehrenamtlichen Helferinnen für geflüchtete Frauen analysieren, tieferliegende Folgen von Gewalterfahrungen auf beiden Seiten bearbeiten und praxisnahe Interventionen entwickeln. Geflüchtete Frauen machten in vielen Fällen diverse Gewalterfahrungen – in ihren Herkunftsländern, auf der Flucht, sowie in den Unterkünften in Europa; Erfahrungen von Krieg und politischer Gewalt, frauenspezifische und sexualisierte, sowie häusliche Gewalt. Auch für ehrenamtliche Helferinnen können eigene geschlechterspezifische Gewalt- oder Diskriminierungserfahrungen zu der Entscheidung beitragen, sich für geflüchtete Frauen einzusetzen. An diesem Punkt in der Beziehung zwischen geflüchteten Frauen und ehrenamtlichen Helferinnen möchte das Projekt “reWoven- refugee women and (psychosocial) volunteer engagement” ansetzen. Durch explorierende Feldforschungen und 360° Interviews vor Ort möchten wir erfahren: Welche Hilfe nehmen geflüchtete Frauen in Anspruch, an welchen Angeboten mangelt es noch? Welche Erwartungen haben geflüchtete Frauen an ehrenamtliche Helferinnen – und umgekehrt? Wie gehen ehrenamtliche Helferinnen mit eigenen Belastungen angesichts der Arbeit mit geflüchteten Frauen, die Gewalterfahrungen gemacht haben, um? Welche Konflikte können daraus entstehen und wie können diese Konflikte in den Beziehungen dialogisch bearbeitet werden? Als Output des Projekts sollen Supervisionsmodelle erarbeitet und Dialogprojekte in Unterkünften organisiert werden, in denen Erfahrungen frauenspezifischer Gewalt und Diskriminierung in einem für beide Zielgruppen sicheren Rahmen bearbeitet werden. In einem offenen Dialog über frauenspezifische Gewalterfahrungen können die beteiligten Frauen potenziell traumatisierende Erlebnisse in Ressourcen umwandeln und so gemeinsam Möglichkeiten der Partizipation entwickeln."
Year 2016
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6 Project

Cities’ Policies: the Work of European Cities to Counter Muslim Radicalisation

Authors Anja van Heelsum, Floris Vermeulen
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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7 Journal Article

Child migrants at the border

Authors Lourdes Torres
Year 2014
Journal Name Latino Studies
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8 Journal Article

Designing out vulnerability, building in respect: violence, safety and sex work policy

Authors Teela Sanders, Rosie Campbell
Year 2007
Journal Name The British Journal of Sociology
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9 Journal Article

Migrants, Refugees, and Foreign Policy

Authors Myron Weiner†, Rainer Münz
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10 Book

Investigating the interactions between civil wars and migration.

Description
Poor countries are often plagued by civil wars. They are also, in many cases, emigration countries. Anybody interested in the development of such countries must understand to what extent these phenomena are interrelated, and how they interplay with each other. If it is pretty clear that civil wars push people to leave the country, it remains understudied how diasporas play a role in the emergence and evolution of violent conflicts. Indeed, the interactions between diasporas and conflict have roughly been overlooked by the economic literature to date, in spite of the very suggestive pieces of evidence provided by related research fields and of the very important policy questions that it raises – in particular, how to optimize the contribution of diasporas to peaceful development. Based on case studies such as those of Erytrea or of Sri Lanka, the literature in history and political science underlines diverse mechanisms through which diasporas have intervened in the evolution of violence in their home country, either as peace-builders or as peace-wreckers. On the other hand, in these case studies, the evolution of civil wars also appears to have been determinant of emigration and return migration patterns and, eventually, of the nature of diasporas’ involvement in the political situation in the homeland. This project will investigate the joint dynamics of civil conflicts and migration in developing countries. It will first build a theoretical framework to characterize how diasporas and civil wars interact together, accounting for the endogeneity of both migration and violence. The theoretical predictions derived from this framework will then be empirically tested, relying on recent and original data. Through a multi-disciplinary perspective, nourished by the findings of the qualitative research and relying on economic tools – both theoretical and empirical – this project will allow to build the first comprehensive investigation of the diasporas – conflict nexus.
Year 2015
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11 Project

Forced urbanisation: A cross-national assessment of the effects of intranational political violence on a nation’s largest cities

Authors Robert M Anthony, Kristopher K Robison
Year 2018
Journal Name Urban Studies
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12 Journal Article

Identifying and Analyzing Causes of Violence against Women in Shan Migrant Communities According to NGO Workers and Shan Migrant Women in Chiang Mai, Thailand

Authors Jessica W. Counsell
Year 2016
Journal Name ASR CHIANG MAI UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES
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13 Journal Article

Individual Decisions to Migrate During Civil Conflict

Authors Pratikshya Bohra-Mishra, Pratikshya Bohra-Mishra, Douglas S. Massey, ...
Year 2011
Journal Name Demography
Citations (WoS) 44
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15 Journal Article

Violence, Networks, and International Migration from Colombia

Authors Adriana Carolina Silva, DS MASSEY
Year 2015
Journal Name International Migration
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16 Journal Article

Criticism and violence. Sarrazin debate, criticism of Islam, and terrorism in the immigration society

Authors Klaus J. Bade
Year 2018
Journal Name HISTORICAL SOCIAL RESEARCH-HISTORISCHE SOZIALFORSCHUNG
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17 Journal Article

The Diffusion of Anti-Immigrant Violence in Germany, 1990-1999

Principal investigator Ruud Koopmans (Principal Investigator), Robert Braun (Cooperation Partner)
Description
"Theoretical background and objectives The project continues research on the causal dynamics behind anti-immigrant violence in Germany during the 1990s. With a total of about a hundred deaths and many thousands of acts of violence over an extended period of time, this constitutes by far the most important outbreak of ethnic violence in post-war German or indeed West European history. In combination with the availability of a uniquely detailed event data set (see below) studying this wave of violence can make important contributions to our knowledge of the causal dynamics behind mobilisation processes generally, and ethnic mobilisation and violence in particular. Earlier research (e.g., Koopmans 2004; Koopmans and Olzak 2004) has shown that the violence was spurred by political opportunities in the form of highly mediatised controversies between government and opposition over immigration control. Although this connection is well-established, it is less clear, which social mechanisms linked opportunity structures to acts of anti-immigrant violence. The current project investigates two social mechanisms: spatial diffusion processes across localities and the role of bystander publics. The data on anti-immigrant violence display strong temporal clustering and a non-random geographical distribution, suggesting that diffusion processes have played an important role. We investigate whether violent events that were widely mediatised and that occurred during periods of intense immigration debates increased rates of violence in other localities; whether local opportunity structures affected variation in rates of violence across localities; and whether diffusion was more likely to occur between socially homophilous localities. We then investigate the role of bystander publics. On several occasions (e.g., Hoyerswerda, Rostock, but also less well-known instances) local bystander crowds were present when groups of right-wing youths attacked immigrant hostels. Sometimes these crowds ""just"" watched, at other times they signalled support by applauding or cheering, or signalled opposition by verbally or physically intervening in defence of immigrants. We investigate whether such bystander public reactions – which often received much media attention – contributed to the diffusion or containment of violence and acted as an intermediate mechanism between national political opportunities and local activism. Research design, data and methodology The data are drawn from content analyses of German newspapers, supplemented with violence statistics of the Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz and Reuters news agency data gathered by Ron Francisco. The newspaper data contain detailed information (including the exact timing and geographical location) on altogether around 12,000 events, including public statements on immigration control or the extreme right, political decisions on immigration issues, repression of the extreme right, as well as 700 violent attacks against immigrants, of which for 81 a bystander public reaction was registered. Data are analysed using event history analysis (diffusion across localities) and negative binomial regression (bystander effects). Findings Diffusion processes indeed played an important role in mediating between opportunity structures and anti-immigrant acts. Widely mediatised acts of violence, as well as those that occurred during periods of heightened immigration debate were more likely to lead to copycat events in other localities. Local opportunities also played a role: violence was less likely to occur where the moderate right (CDU or CSU), and even where extreme right parties were electorally strong. This goes against the common sense idea that strong right parties fuel anti-immigrant action, but fits political opportunity structure theories that state that extra-institutional mobilisation is more likely to occur when a constituency is less well represented in institutional politics (e.g., Kriesi et al. 1995). Further, we showed that the recurrent finding from diffusion studies that geographical distance matters can be made sociologically more meaningful when one substitutes – as Gabriel Tarde suggested long ago – geographical by social distance. We investigated three aspects of social homophily: socio-economic (% of the workforce in the agrarian sector), political (% CDU/CSU votes), and demographic (% immigrants). Diffusion was significantly more likely to occur across localities that were more similar along these dimensions and once this was taken into account geographical distance did not matter anymore. Regarding reactions of bystander publics, first results indicate that they were an extremely important mechanism. In particular bystander reactions that supported anti-immigrant activists had a strongly positive impact on the subsequent rate of violence. Bystander reactions that disapproved of the violence did not have a significant effect, probably because they inadvertently generated more media attention for the violence and its perpetrators. Importantly, once bystander public reactions are taken into account, effect sizes for the political opportunity variables become weaker and in some cases insignificant, suggesting that bystander public reactions were indeed important in signalling to activists the opening or closure of opportunities for successful mobilisation."
Year 2007
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18 Project

Violence in European schools: A widespread phenomenon that matters for educational production

Authors Andreas Ammermueller
Year 2012
Journal Name Labour Economics
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19 Journal Article

Migration, violence, and safety among migrant sex workers: a qualitative study in two Guatemalan communities

Authors Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Shira Goldenberg, Kimberly C. Brouwer, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name CULTURE HEALTH & SEXUALITY
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20 Journal Article

Social Dynamics of Civil Wars

Description
Each year, civil wars cause hundreds of thousands of deaths, millions of refugees, ecological disruptions, regional instability. These conflicts encompass many players and their effects are felt not only at the regional level but also within Western societies (refugees, terrorism, sectarian tensions). Despite this, no systematic comparison of civil wars have been conducted using a qualitative method. Social scientists are struggling to understand these breakdowns of the social order, which are fertile from a theoretical perspective because they de-trivialize the social functioning. In civil war, the partial or total institutional collapse marks the end of the (imperfect) monopoly of the state with regards to violence and justice, challenges the social and ethnic hierarchies and also provokes fluctuation of the economic and social capital. Accordingly, we will address three questions. First, the sudden and non-anticipated reconfiguration of modes of accumulation and conversion of capitals and the relationship between social fields. Next, the formation of competing institutions by politico-military movements involved in the construction of an alternative political order. Finally, individual adaptations to risks and uncertainty affecting the ability of actors to anticipate the consequences of their actions and reassess their own values and engagement. The implementation of this program of comparative sociology of civil wars will draw on extensive fieldwork. This requires an adapted methodology for researchers faced with unpredictable situations, where quantitative methods fall short. Prosopography, semi- or unstructured interviews and participant observation are therefore prioritised. The creation of an interdisciplinary team of sociologists, political scientists and anthropologists will be able to carry out research based on thick description, following 25 years of experience by the PI in collecting data and supervising researchers in areas afflicted by civi
Year 2016
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21 Project

Violence Committed Against Migrants in Transit: Experiences on the Northern Mexican Border

Authors César Infante, Alvaro J. Idrovo, Mario S. Sánchez-Domínguez, ...
Year 2012
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Citations (WoS) 35
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22 Journal Article

Exploring the Impact of Displacement and Encampment on Domestic Violence in Kakuma Refugee Camp

Authors R. Horn
Year 2010
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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23 Journal Article

Health for all? A qualitative study of NGO support to migrants affected by structural violence in northern France

Authors Benita Pursch, Helena Legido-Quigley, Alexandra Tate, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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24 Journal Article

Domestic Violence in the Postmodern Society: Ethical and Forensic Aspects

Authors Bianca Hanganu, Beatrice Ioan, Dragos Crauciuc, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name POSTMODERN OPENINGS
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25 Journal Article

The toxic tonic: Narratives of xenophobia

Authors Rosaura Sánchez
Year 2011
Journal Name Latino Studies
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26 Journal Article

Economic Migration and Communal Violence in Pakistan

Authors Raymond Kuo
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration
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27 Journal Article

Do Mexicans flee from violence? The effects of drug-related violence on migration decisions in Mexico

Authors Laura H. Atuesta, Dusan Paredes
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 3
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28 Journal Article

Protecting the "Most Vulnerable"? The Management of a Disaster and the Making/Unmaking of Victims after the 2008 Xenophobic Violence in South Africa

Authors Lydie Cabane
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE
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29 Journal Article

(Re) Moving borders: North African clandestine emigrant in the age of terror

Authors Mustapha Hamil
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FRANCOPHONE STUDIES
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30 Journal Article

Segmented Assimilation, Local Context and Determinants of Drug Violence in Miami and San Diego: Does Ethnicity and Immigration Matter?

Authors Ramiro Martinez, Matthew T. Lee, Amie L. Nielsen
Year 2004
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 67
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33 Journal Article

Wild and tame zones in times of disharmony: Muslim boys and belonging in a primary school in Melbourne, Australia

Authors Luke Howie, Amanda Keddie, Jane Wilkinson, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF YOUTH STUDIES
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34 Journal Article

Critical Latinx Indigeneities: A paradigm drift

Authors María Josefina Saldaña-Portillo
Year 2017
Journal Name Latino Studies
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35 Journal Article

Intimate Partner Violence and Depression Among Latin American Women in Toronto

Authors Paula Godoy-Ruiz, Kwame McKenzie, Brenda Toner, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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36 Journal Article

THE CENTRAL AMERICAN CHILD MIGRATION SURGE: A TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL INVESTIGATION OF ITS CAUSES

Authors Richard C. Jones
Year 2017
Journal Name LATIN AMERICANIST
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38 Journal Article

Determinants of Mexico-U.S. Outward and Return Migration Flows: A State-Level Panel Data Analysis

Authors Isabelle Chort, Maëlys de la Rupelle
Year 2016
Journal Name Demography
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39 Journal Article

Understanding refugee durable solutions by international players: Does dialogue form a missing link?

Authors Fred Bidandi
Year 2018
Journal Name COGENT SOCIAL SCIENCES
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40 Journal Article

The Bureaucratic Violence of the Health Care System for Pregnant Immigrants on the United States-Mexico Border

Authors Carina Heckert
Year 2020
Journal Name HUMAN ORGANIZATION
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41 Journal Article

Roma migrant children in Catalonia: between the politics of benevolence and the normalization of violence

Authors Ioana Vrăbiescu
Year 2017
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
Citations (WoS) 6
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42 Journal Article

The Externalities of Civil Strife: Refugees as a Source of International Conflict

Authors Idean Salehyan
Year 2008
Journal Name American Journal of Political Science
Citations (WoS) 57
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43 Journal Article

Special issue: Critical Latinx indigeneities

Authors Maylei Blackwell, Luis Urrieta, Floridalma Boj Lopez
Year 2017
Journal Name Latino Studies
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44 Journal Article

The Impact of Past Conflicts and Social Disruption on the Elderly in Cambodia

Authors Zachary Zimmer, John Knodel, Kiry Sovan Kim, ...
Year 2006
Journal Name Population and Development Review
Citations (WoS) 8
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45 Journal Article

Religious Fundamentalism and Radicalization in Comparative Perspective

Principal investigator Ruud Koopmans (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Theoretical Background and objectives In the context of the combination of escalated sectarian conflicts in Iraq and Syria, and home-grown conflicts around real and perceived attacks on Islam and its symbols in the West (from Rushdie to Charlie Hebdo), increased numbers of Muslim youth in Western countries have embraced radical forms of Islam and have sometimes become actively involved in violence, both at home and abroad. Beyond impressionistic evidence on a few active radicals, extremely little is known about the incidence among countries’ Muslim populations of adherence to radical versions of Islam and support for religiously-motivated violence. To answer these questions, cross-national surveys across Muslim populations in different countries are necessary, but apart from the very descriptive surveys by the US American Pew Research Institute, which are moreover not publicly accessible for secondary analysis, no such information is available. Existing research also leaves another major question unanswered, namely to what extent religious radicalism is specific to current Islam or whether it is comparable to what we find in other contemporary religions, particularly within Christianity. This project wants to fill these voids. A first step was an analysis based on the SCIICS survey. This was the first representative survey study to compare religious fundamentalism and outgroup hostility between Muslims and Christians (Koopmans 2015), and as such it attracted worldwide media attention. While the study revealed large differences between the two religious groups even when controlled for a range of socio-economic and demographic variables, the limitation of the study to two Muslim ethnic groups as well as the fact that it compared Muslims of immigrant origin to autochthonous Christians limits the generalizability of its findings. Moreover, the SCIICS survey did not include questions about support for religiously-motivated violence and extremist religious organizations. Research design To overcome these shortcomings, we are conducting two studies: Religious Fundamentalism and Radicalization Survey and Jihadi Radicalization in Europe Database. The first project is a representative survey study of Muslims, Christians, Jews, and non-believers in 2017 in the following 8 countries: Germany, the United States, Cyprus, Turkey, Israel, Palestine, Lebanon and Kenya. The choice of countries allows for a broad range of cross-national and cross-sectional comparisons. For instance, all three of the world’s Abrahamic religions are represented in our sample, allowing us to investigate similarities and differences between these three religious groups. In addition to comparisons across religious groups, we are also interested in examining variances within the religious groups. Therefore we sampled across different branches of Islam, i.e. Sunni Muslims (Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Kenya, and Cyprus), Shia Muslims (Lebanon) and Alevites (Turkey, Cyprus); of Christianity, i.e. Catholic and Protestant Christians (Germany, and the USA), Greek Orthodox Christians (Cyprus, Lebanon), Maronite Catholics (Lebanon) and the generally more conservative Christianity of Sub-Saharan Africa (Kenya); and of Judaism, i.e. both Orthodox and Reformist branches (Israel and the USA). Our research design also allows us to investigate the role of immigration and integration experiences in religious radicalization. The study not only includes two Western immigration countries with strongly divergent immigrant integration policies (Germany and the United States), but also three countries with autochthonous Muslim and Christian populations (Kenya, Cyprus, and Lebanon). Furthermore, both in Germany and the United States, we oversample Christians of immigrant origin, thus extending the range of comparisons to a variety of immigrant and native groups and augmenting the possibility of isolating the role of immigration. Apart from the usual socio-economic and demographic control variables, the surveys included questions on religiosity, religious knowledge, fundamentalism, out-group hostility, intergroup contacts, discrimination, adherence to conspiracy theories, violence legitimation, and support for extremist groups. Moreover we employed a survey experiment to test the effect of religious scripture on religious violence legitimation. The broad range of variables and the experiment included in the surveys will enable rigorous hypotheses testing, which will help us uncover causal mechanisms behind religious fundamentalism and radicalization. In the second project Jihadi Radicalization in Europe Database, we aggregate profiles of Jihadist individuals from publicly available information. The main units of analysis of this database are people from four European countries (Germany, France, the Netherlands and the UK) who fit in any of the following characteristics: People (including their partners and children from the age of 15 who accompanying them), who have traveled to Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan or other conflict regions involving Muslims, acting out of their Islamist conviction (the so-called foreign fighters); people who have actively recruited others as foreign fighters or motivated others to join through propaganda activities; people who were involved in the aiding, planning or conducting of Islamist terrorist activity in Europe or were suspected thereof; people who supported, justified or glorified the use of violence in the name of Islam through propaganda activities; people who are members of jihadi-Salafist and Islamist organizations, which support the use of violence. The database will primarily consist of biographical and sociodemographic information on individuals, with the aim of identifying common characteristics. Using the sociodemographic data, we aim to investigate, what kind of people are more susceptible to radicalization, whereas we will use the biographic data to gain insights into contexts of radicalization. In addition to these characteristics, social contacts and networks of the individuals will also be registered, in order to analyze the social network structures. This information will be used to explore group-specific radicalization processes as well as to identify central influential figures within the networks. The relevant data will be gathered through an online and media research. A variety of sources of data will be used to collect relevant information such as newspaper articles, interviews, online-blogs, biographies, news databases such as LexisNexis®, and court proceedings, in order to gather as much data as possible on the individuals. The database can be understood as an aggregation of publicly available data on European Islamists."
Year 2015
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46 Project

En el norte la mujer manda - Gender, generation, and geography in a Mexican transnational community

Authors Jennifer S. Hirsch
Year 1999
Journal Name American Behavioral Scientist, 2014, Vol. 58, No. 12, pp. 1614-1633
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47 Journal Article

Violencia de género y frontera: migrantes centroamericanas en México hacia los EE. UU

Authors Almudena Cortés
Year 2018
Journal Name European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies
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48 Journal Article

Social and structural factors increase inconsistent condom use by sex workers' one-time and regular clients in Northern Uganda

Authors Putu Duff, Josephine Birungi, Kate Shannon, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name AIDS CARE-PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIO-MEDICAL ASPECTS OF AIDS/HIV
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49 Journal Article

“We are not ignorant”: Transnational migrants’ experiences of racialized securitization

Authors Megan Ybarra
Year 2019
Journal Name Environment and Planning D: Society and Space
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50 Journal Article

RACIAL VIOLENCE AND BLACK-MIGRATION IN THE AMERICAN SOUTH, 1910 TO 1930

Authors SE Tolnay, E. M. Beck
Year 1992
Journal Name American Sociological Review
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51 Journal Article

Forced marriage: an analysis of legislation and political measures in Europe

Authors Alexia Sabbe, Marleen Temmerman, Els Leye, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name Crime, Law & Social Change
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52 Journal Article

Causality Chains in the International Migration Systems Approach

Authors Roel Jennissen
Year 2007
Journal Name Population Research and Policy Review
Citations (WoS) 29
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53 Journal Article

Conclusion: Transnationalizing Integration

Authors Ayhan Kaya
Book Title Islam, Migration and Integration
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54 Book Chapter

Health, welfare reform, and narratives of uncertainty among Cambodian refugees

Authors G Becker, Y Beyene, P Ken
Year 2000
Journal Name CULTURE MEDICINE AND PSYCHIATRY
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55 Journal Article

Years of Conflict

Authors Jason Hart
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56 Book

‘Does the Girl Think of Nothing but Food?’

Authors Antoinette Pretorius
Year 2015
Journal Name Food, Culture & Society
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57 Journal Article

Crime and justice in the context of resource scarcity

Authors JP Crank
Year 2003
Journal Name Crime, Law & Social Change
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59 Journal Article

governing migrant populations in france, germany and the united kingdom

Authors luke b wood
Year 2018
Journal Name European Political Science
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60 Journal Article

governing migrant populations in France, Germany and the United Kingdom

Authors luke b. wood
Year 2016
Journal Name European Political Science
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61 Journal Article

Conflict-Induced Displacement, Understanding the Causes of Flight

Authors Prakash Adhikari
Year 2013
Journal Name American Journal of Political Science
Citations (WoS) 25
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64 Journal Article

Border management in an era of 'statebuilding lite' : security assistance manifested in Lebanon's hybrid sovereignty

Authors Simone THOLENS
Year 2017
Journal Name International Affairs
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65 Journal Article

Terrorists Repudiate Their Own Citizenship

Authors Christian Joppke
Book Title Debating transformations of national citizenship
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66 Book Chapter

Sexual politics, torture, and secular time

Authors Judith Butler
Year 2008
Journal Name The British Journal of Sociology
Citations (WoS) 208
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68 Journal Article

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Year 2020
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Year 2016
Journal Name Population and Development Review
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72 Journal Article

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76 Journal Article

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77 Journal Article

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82 Journal Article

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83 Journal Article

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88 Journal Article

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Citations (WoS) 5
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89 Journal Article

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Year 2019
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91 Journal Article

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Authors Scott H. Decker, Frank van Gemert, David C. Pyrooz
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Year 2018
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
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93 Journal Article

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Year 2010
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94 Journal Article

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95 Journal Article

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99 Journal Article

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Year 2018
Journal Name SCIENCE ADVANCES
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100 Journal Article
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