Migration drivers

Migration drivers are structural elements that have the potential to facilitate, enable, constrain, or trigger migration. Migration drivers might increase or decrease the salience of migration, the likelihood of certain migration routes, and the desirability of different destinations. The term  is more encompassing than ‘migration determinants’ or ‘root causes’ of migration, which generally ignore human agency in the decision to migrate and assume a deterministic and causal relationship between one or more structural factors and migration. Migration drivers, however, affect migration directly but also, and most importantly, indirectly and in combination with other migration drivers, in complex migration driver configurations. While the migration driver environment might be the same for two individuals, different migration drivers affect them differently depending on individual characteristics. 

Nine  migration driver dimensions (demographic, economic, environmental, human development, individual, politico-institutional, security, socio-cultural, and supranational) and 24 migration driving factors. The circumstances, the ways and modes, and the extent to which a set of driving factors may influence migration (decision-making) processes are dependent on the functionality of migration drivers, which is a central aspect in understanding the specific role single or combinations of migration driver may play in migration. Further, a distinction can be made between predisposing, mediating, proximate, and triggering migration drivers. Beyond the degree of immediacy, drivers of migration can also be characterised and categorised by their temporality, elasticity, selectivity, and geography. 

Showing page of 4813 results, sorted by

Refugee crisis in Europe: determinants of asylum seeking in European countries from 2008-2014

Authors Yoo-Duk Kang
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
2 Journal Article

Push-pull plus: reconsidering the drivers of migration

Authors Nicholas Van Hear, Katy Long, Oliver Bakewell
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 8
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
3 Journal Article

Is the push-pull paradigm useful to explain rural-urban migration? A case study in Uttarakhand, India

Authors Ellen M. Hoffmann, Verena Konerding, Sunil Nautiyal, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name PLoS ONE
Citations (WoS) 1
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
4 Journal Article

Push/Pull in Recent Mexican Migration to the U.S.

Authors J. Craig Jenkins
Year 1977
Journal Name International Migration Review
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
5 Journal Article

Trajectories and Imaginaries in Migration

Authors Ton van Naerssen, Felicitas Hillmann, Ernst Spaan
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
6 Book

Introduction : irregular migrant domestic workers in Europe : who cares?

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2013
Book Title Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU (ed.), Irregular migrant domestic workers in Europe : who cares?, Burlington ; Farnham : Ashgate, 2013, Research in Migration and Ethnic Relations Series, 209-232
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
8 Book Chapter

Cities as Providers of Services to Migrant Populations

Authors Alexander Wolffhardt, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2018
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
9 Policy Brief

Irregular Migration: Incentives and Institutional and Social Enforcement

Authors Alessandra VENTURINI
Description
National and international migration laws determine the legal or illegal status of a migrant. For any given legislation the number of illegal migrants depends on the social-political and economic conditions of the sending countries and on the organizations which favour frontier transit, but also on push-pull forces in the host countries.
Year 2009
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
10 Report

Luanda - Holanda: Irregular Migration from Angola to the Netherlands

Authors Joris Van Wijk
Year 2010
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
11 Journal Article

Luanda - Holanda: Irregular Migration from Angola to the Netherlands

Authors Joris van Wijk
Year 2010
Journal Name International Migration
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
12 Journal Article

Examining the Global North Migration Policies: A “Push Out – Push Back” Approach to Forced Migration

Authors Witold Klaus, Marta Pachocka
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
13 Journal Article

Labor migration among elite sport coaches: An exploratory study

Authors Johannes Orlowski, Pamela Wicker, Christoph Breuer
Year 2018
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
14 Journal Article

Coach migration in German high performance sport

Authors Pamela Wicker, Christoph Breuer, Johannes Orlowski
Year 2018
Journal Name EUROPEAN SPORT MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
15 Journal Article

Modeling for Determinants of Human Trafficking: An Empirical Analysis

Authors Seo-Young Cho
Year 2015
Journal Name Social Inclusion
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
16 Journal Article

Gender Relations in Family-Farm Agriculture and Rural-Urban Migration in Brazil

Authors Anita Brumer
Year 2008
Journal Name Latin American Perspectives
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
17 Journal Article

Mexican mass labor migration in a not-so changing political economy

Authors Armando Ibarra, Alfredo Carlos
Year 2015
Journal Name Ethnicities
Citations (WoS) 1
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
18 Journal Article

Connectivity as the facilitator of intra-European student migration

Authors Balaz, Allan Williams, Martina Chrancokova
Year 2018
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
19 Journal Article

Migration costs and determinants of bilateral migration flows

Authors Dmytro VIKHRIV
Description
In this paper I research economic, non-economic and the institutional determinants of bilateral migration flows into OECD countries. My contribution to the growing literature is two-fold. First, I explicitly account for the panel structure of migration costs information acquisition, physical costs of the move and social exclusion). Second, building upon Beine et al. (2011b), I proceed with the analysis of determinants of bilateral migration flows disaggregated by educational attainments in the panel data environment. The preliminary results show that the defined cost variables are significant in explaining the volume and composition of the flow of migrants, the result not being sensitive to the model specification. Network effects promote negative self-selection and the quality of migrants positively correlates, while the physical distance, existence of a common language and colonial links between countries are insignificant in explaining the educational composition of migrants. I further conclude that the restrictive and skill selective immigration policies of the major destination countries bias the conventional role of the economic push and pull factors.
Year 2013
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
22 Report

Japanese-Brazilians and the Future of Brazilian Migration to Japan

Authors DJ McKenzie, Alejandrina Salcedo
Year 2014
Journal Name International Migration
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
23 Journal Article

TEMPORARY MIGRATION AND THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF STRATEGY

Authors Gary G. Hamilton
Year 1985
Journal Name International Journal of Intercultural Relations
Citations (WoS) 7
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
24 Journal Article

The determinants of internal mobility in Italy, 1995-2006

Authors Giuseppe Ricciardo Lamonica, Barbara Zagaglia
Year 2013
Journal Name Demographic Research
Citations (WoS) 8
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
25 Journal Article

Shifts in Intergenerational Mobility of Indian Immigrant Entrepreneurs

Authors Meena Chavan, Lucy Taksa
Year 2017
Journal Name International Migration
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
26 Journal Article

Why are you draining your brain? Factors underlying decisions of graduating Lebanese medical students to migrate

Authors Elie A. Akl, Holger Schunemann, Nancy Maroun, ...
Year 2007
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
28 Journal Article

TEMPORARY MIGRATION AND THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF STRATEGY

Authors Gary G. Hamilton
Year 1985
Journal Name International Journal of Intercultural Relations
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
29 Journal Article

The Effect of Networks on the Selection of Migrants and Destinations: Colombians in Galicia (Spain)

Authors Carmen Lamela, Belen Fernandez-Suarez, Antia Perez-Carames
Year 2012
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
30 Journal Article

International students’ post-graduation migration plans and the search for home

Authors Cary Wu, Rima Wilkes
Year 2017
Journal Name Geoforum
Citations (WoS) 5
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
31 Journal Article

The Future of Immigrant Incorporation: Which Models? Which Concepts?

Authors Barbara Schmitter Heisler
Year 1992
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 24
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
32 Journal Article

The Push and Pull Factors Contributing Towards Asylum Migration from Developing Countries to Developed Countries Since 2000

Authors Nozomi Matsui, James Raymer
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
35 Journal Article

The Emerging Migration State1

Authors James F. Hollifield
Year 2006
Journal Name International Migration Review
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
36 Journal Article

Lost in Transition? The European Standards Behind Refugee Integration

Authors Judith Tanczos, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Description
This paper gives an overview of the current integration standards established within the Common European Asylum System and highlights the possible effects of the changing EU and national legal environment on the integration of beneficiaries of international protection. These integration standards are the starting point of the development of the integration indicators within the project “National Integration Evaluation Mechanism” (NIEM), which aims to support key integration and social actors in 14 EU Member States and Turkey to evaluate and improve the integration outcomes of beneficiaries of international protection. The EU’s greatest impact on the integration of beneficiaries of international protection has been through the stable legal framework of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). The recast Asylum Procedures, Reception Conditions, Qualification and Family Reunification Directives all build on the standards set by the 1951 Geneva Convention and aim for its full and effective implementation. They set a series of standards that shape the integration process, starting from the reception phase until the full legal, socio-economic and socio-cultural integration allowing refugees to realise their full potential to contribute to society. These binding legislative acts are complemented by the Common Basic Principles for Immigrant Integration Policy in the EU1 and its re-affirmation, 10 Years On2 , which guide Member States on how to respond to the needs and opportunities that beneficiaries of international protection bring to their new homes. However, in the past year, the emergence and strengthening of exclusionary, anti-migrant narratives has threatened to undermine national – and now the EU’s – stable legal framework and level of ambition to promote refugee integration. The negative political discourse induced a surprisingly coordinated race-to-the-bottom reply at national level, whose approach is reflected in the most recent European Commission Communication “Towards a Reform of the European Common Asylum System and Enhancing Legal Avenues to Europe”. This document shows a fundamental change in the approach towards beneficiaries of international protection. These proposals reframe the logic of asylum to a more temporary legal status in its nature and have more often recourse to the cessation clause4 , without assessing the long-term consequences: how will it affect the integration of beneficiaries of international protection?
Year 2017
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
37 Report

Migrant Employment and the Recession — the Case of the Irish in Britain

Authors F.X. Kirwin, A.G. Nairn
Year 1983
Journal Name International Migration Review
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
38 Journal Article

Migration Motives of University Students: An Empirical Research

Authors Djula Borozan, Ivana Barkovic Bojanic
Year 2015
Journal Name International Migration
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
40 Journal Article

The flight of physicians from West Africa: Views of African physicians and implications for policy

Authors A Hagopian, Richard Berko Biritwum, A Ofosu, ...
Year 2005
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
41 Journal Article

The Future of Immigrant Incorporation: Which Models? Which Concepts?

Authors Barbara Schmitter Heisler
Year 1992
Journal Name International Migration Review
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
42 Journal Article

The emerging migration state

Authors JF Hollifield
Year 2004
Journal Name International Migration Review
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
43 Journal Article

Impact of Economic Labour Migration: A Qualitative Exploration of Left-Behind Family Member Perspectives in Sri Lanka

Authors Chesmal Siriwardhana, Tine Van Bortel, Kolitha Wickramage, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
44 Journal Article

REVERSING THE BRAIN-DRAIN FROM EASTERN-EUROPEAN COUNTRIES - THE PUSH AND PULL FACTORS

Authors ES VIZI
Year 1993
Journal Name TECHNOLOGY IN SOCIETY
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
45 Journal Article

Taming the brain drain: A challenge for public health systems in Southern Africa

Authors T Schrecker, R Labonte
Year 2004
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
46 Journal Article

Evaluating Impact: Lessons Learned from Robust Evaluations of Labour Market Integration Policies

Authors Özge Bilgili, Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB), Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2015
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
47 Report

Migrants, Ancestors, and Foreign Investments

Authors Konrad B Burchardi, Thomas Chaney, Tarek A Hassan
Year 2019
Journal Name The Review of Economic Studies
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
48 Journal Article

Taming the brain drain: A challenge for public health systems in Southern Africa

Authors T Schrecker, R Labonte
Year 2004
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
50 Journal Article

Taming the brain drain: A challenge for public health systems in Southern Africa

Authors T Schrecker, R Labonte
Year 2004
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
51 Journal Article

The increasing use of detention of asylum seekers and irregular migrants in the EU

Authors Carmine Conte, Valentina Savazzi, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
52 Policy Brief

International Migration amid a World in Crisis

Authors Joseph Chamie
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal on Migration and Human Security
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
53 Journal Article

Why Do People Flee? Revisiting Forced Migration in Post-Saddam Baghdad

Authors Duygu Ozaltin, Neophytos Loizides, Farah Shakir
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
54 Journal Article

New Europe, new chances? The migration of professional footballers to Poland's Ekstraklasa

Authors Richard Elliott
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
55 Journal Article

Environmental Change and Migration Between Europe and Its Neighbours

Authors Sophia Burke, Mark Mulligan, Caitlin Douglas
Book Title People on the Move in a Changing Climate
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
56 Book Chapter

'Push or pull'? Framing immigration in times of crisis in the European Union and the United States

Authors Leila Hadj Abdou
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
57 Journal Article

Circular migration of the population of the Republic of Moldova

Authors Valeriu MOSNEAGA
Description
The specific nature of Moldovan circular migration to the CIS and EU is determined by two criteria: vector (direction) of migration and nature of employment in destination countries. According to the results of public opinion poll, mainly people from the villages participate in circular migration to the CIS; heads of households, men with secondary or vocational education. For them labor migration abroad is a secondary form of employment, and it is seasonal. Circular migrants to the other countries are predominantly women, and a great share of them have higher education. There are significant differences which determine circular nature of migration, especially in the impact of push and pull factors. Labor migration to the CIS countries is determined to a greater extent by the migrants' and their households' need to survive, while migration to the EU countries is conditioned by the greater living (functioning) opportunities for migrants and their families. Visa regime, high travel expenses have a significant impact on the nature of circular migration to the EU. It explains greater length of trips. Work trip to the CIS (mainly to Russia) usually lasts around 7 months, while in the EU it's twice longer, 15 months. Quite often it stimulates non-return migration. In the conditions of modern financial and economic crisis of 2008-2010 circular migration acquired several new features. These include delayed nature of migration, greater comparable choice possibilities in terms of destination countries and countries of origin, uncertainty and mass multiple choices of its implementation.
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
58 Report

International migration of health professionals and the marketization and privatization of health education in India: From push–pull to global political economy

Authors Margaret Walton-Roberts
Year 2015
Journal Name Social Science & Medicine
Citations (WoS) 25
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
59 Journal Article

Regulating Movement of the Very Mobile: Selected Legal and Policy Aspects of Ukrainian Migration to EU Countries

Authors Monika Szulecka
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
60 Book Chapter

Taming the brain drain: A challenge for public health systems in Southern Africa

Authors T Schrecker, R Labonte
Year 2004
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
61 Journal Article

Taming the brain drain: A challenge for public health systems in Southern Africa

Authors T Schrecker, R Labonte
Year 2004
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
62 Journal Article

Taming the brain drain: A challenge for public health systems in Southern Africa

Authors T Schrecker, R Labonte
Year 2004
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
63 Journal Article

The Ukrainian Migratory Corridor

Authors Alissa V. TOLSTOKOROVA
Description
The paper discusses recent developments in Ukrainian migratory corridor, focusing on transit migration, a reality that has emerged since independence. It analyzes push and pull factors underpinning the rise in mobility which followed the downfall of the Soviet Union, traces the different ways that migrants enter Ukraine and examines routes followed by them in entering Europe, transiting through Ukraine. It will be demonstrated that the Ukrainian migratory corridor comprises multiple channels, chains, paths and routes which turn the country into a sort of a ‘migratory highway’ in the very heart of Europe. The paper examines core groups of non-nationals residing in Ukraine and discusses their human rights and safety conditions. It reviews issues pertaining to cooperation between Ukraine and the European Union in the area of migration control, placing emphasis on the effectiveness of current European policies regarding border management there. The present paper argues that the EU and Ukraine should make more efforts to mainstream human rights and security considerations into their bilateral cooperation and add more political will and mutual trust to enable fruitful dialogue on migration matters.
Year 2011
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
64 Report

Image of Immigrants in Media: Thought- provoking Effects

Principal investigator Leen d'Haenens (Coordonator), Rozane De Cock (Partner), Koen Matthijs (Partner), Jacinthe Mazzocchetti (Partner), François Heinderyckx (Partner), Kevin Smets (Partner)
Description
Governments, news media and public opinion in Europe are increasingly preoccupied with refugees seeking access to Western Europe. Public opinion is split (if not negative) and generally un- or misinformed (amalgamation across ‘groups’ being one of the problems), and integration policies cannot respond to the needs (see cross-country MIPEX results). This project aims to investigate the dynamic interplay between media representations of the current non-EU immigrant situation with a specific emphasis on the refugee situation on the one hand and the governmental and societal (re)actions on the other. The IM²MEDIATE project combines four complementary multi-stakeholder group perspectives: 1. Analysis of news media content and journalism culture. 2. Study of societal reactions of the general public. 3. Study of push/pull factors in migration from a refugee perspective. 4. Policy analysis into national governmental (re)actions. It is the project’s ultimate goal to inventory the multiple public, policy and media voices heard in Belgium on this crucial issue, while learning from practices abroad (with a focus on Sweden), and to formulate recommendations towards a more encouraging integration policy, while lowering anti-immigration and anti-refugee sentiment.
Year 2016
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
65 Project

Migrant labor in hospitality: The Cyprus experience

Authors Anastasios Zopiatis, AL Theocharous, Panayiotis Constanti
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
66 Journal Article

Who is reshaping public opinion on the EU’s migration policies?

Authors Thomas Huddleston, Hind Sharif, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
67 Policy Brief

Temporary Migration Programmes: the Cause or Antidote of Migrant Worker Exploitation in UK Agriculture

Authors Erica Consterdine, Sahizer Samuk
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
68 Journal Article

Tourism and immigration - Comparing alternative approaches

Authors L Oigenblick, A Kirschenbaum
Year 2002
Journal Name ANNALS OF TOURISM RESEARCH
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
69 Journal Article

Transnationale Dienstleistungserbringung in der Langzeitpflege zwischen West- und Osteuropa

Principal investigator Karin Gottschall (Principal Investigator ), Heinz Rothgang (Principal Investigator )
Description
Das TP widmet sich der transnationalen Entwicklung auf dem Feld der Langzeitpflege. Pflegesicherungssysteme sind eine der jüngsten Sozialpolitikexpansionen in Wohlfahrtsstaaten. Die Pflegepolitiken sind durch vorwiegend weibliche Arbeitskräftemigration transnational verflochten. Es werden die Folgen dieser Migration für die Sozialpolitik der Immigrationsländer in Abhängigkeit von ihrem Wohlfahrtsstaatstypus ebenso untersucht wie die Migrations-Auswirkungen auf die Sozialpolitik in den Emigrationsländern unterschiedlichen Wohlstandsniveaus, so in Polen, Rumänien und der Ukraine.
Year 2018
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
70 Project

Mauritanie : Migration Hautement Qualifiée

Authors Sidna Ndah MOHAMED SALEH
Description
Le présent rapport cherche à dresser un panorama de la question de la migration hautement qualifiée en Mauritanie. Des données récentes estiment que l’effectif des compétences mauritaniennes de niveau supérieur ayant émigrées représente une proportion comprise entre 10,4% et 12,0% par rapport à l’ensemble de la main d’œuvre mauritanienne ayant un niveau d’instruction supérieur ; ce chiffre correspond égalent à quelques 22,0% du nombre de migrants mauritaniens à l’étranger. La présente note analytique vise à clarifier les causes de la migration qualifiée qui sont étroitement liées avec le fonctionnement du marché du travail dans ce pays. En effet, la Mauritanie demeure un pays à faible revenu dont l’économie se base principalement sur les revenus provenant des ressources naturelles (industries extractives, pêcheries, pétrole, par exemple) et de l'aide provenant de l’étranger. Outre à cette structure économique, le marché du travail est caractérisé par un niveau de chômage élevé et persistant ainsi que par une informalité importante de l’emploi. Par ailleurs, les sortants du système éducatif, notamment les diplômés, se retrouve également confronté à la question du chômage. Ce phénomène laisse à penser qu’une certaine inadéquation entre le système de formation et les besoins du marché du travail existe en Mauritanie. Au déficit d’opportunités d’emploi s’ajoute un niveau de pauvreté élevé favorisant tous types d'émigration, notamment pour les individus ayant un niveau d’instruction supérieur et pouvant probablement davantage se permettre les coûts de l’émigration. The aim of this paper is to offer a profile of highly-skilled migrants from Mauritania. From recent data, we know that highly-skilled emigrants make up about 22.0% of all emigrants; or between 10.4% and 12.0% of the highly-skilled labor force in Mauritania. Here, we focus on the pull factors of this type of emigration which are mainly related to the functioning of the labor market. Mauritania remains a low-income country with an economy based largely on income from natural resources – i.e. fishery industries and extractive activities – as well as foreign aid. High levels of unemployment and informal employment are the main features characterizing this labor market. As the graduate population seems to be particularly vulnerable to such negative labor-market conditions, the mismatch between the educational system and labor-market needs plays a fundamental role in the decision to emigrate. Finally, together with these labor-market determinants, poverty represents a constant push-factor for all types of emigration and thus also for highly-skilled individuals, who can better afford the costs of emigration.
Year 2010
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
71 Report

Immigration Policies and the Factors of Migration from Developing Countries to South Korea: An Empirical Analysis

Authors Ador R. Torneo
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
72 Journal Article

The Dynamics between Integration Policies and Outcomes: a Synthesis of the Literature

Authors Özge Bilgili, Thomas Huddleston, Anne-Linde Joki, ...
Description
This paper reviews the comparative multi-level quantitative research on the links between integration policies, the integration situation of immigrants and a wide range of individual and contextual factors. Twenty-one reviewed studies and additional supporting articles indicate that a number of individual and contextual variables explain most of the variation between countries in terms of immigrants’ labour market integration, educational attainment, naturalisation and political participation. Thanks to the use of MIPEX and similar indices, some evidence is emerging that certain integration policies can be related to the specific integration outcomes that they aim to address. So far, only certain general and targeted employment policies can be directly associated with better labour market outcomes for immigrants and a lower incidence of employment discrimination. More indirectly, facilitating naturalisation, a secure residence and a secure family life seems to have positive effects on boosting labour market outcomes for certain immigrants. In the area of employment, studies rarely focus on a specific policy or properly match it to its specific intended target group and outcome. In the area of education, the inclusiveness of the school and education system seems to matter most for immigrant and non-immigrant pupils. Although targeted immigrant education policies adopted at national level do not display consistent results across countries in terms of pupils’ tests scores, most studies conclude that inclusive schools and education systems are more successful when they also target the specific needs of immigrant pupils. Several studies on the acquisition of nationality find that naturalisation policies are perhaps the strongest determinant of the naturalisation rates for immigrants from developing countries. Further research can explore which specific elements of naturalisation policies most help or hinder naturalisation. The few studies on political participation find that targeted policies and the acquisition of nationality may boost participation rates for certain immigrant groups. The fact that studies find no link between the general integration policy (i.e. MIPEX overall score) and a specific labour market outcome (i.e. employment rates for foreign-born) does mean that no causal relationship exist between integration policies and outcomes across countries. Considering that this multi-level research is still in infancy, studies have great room for improvement in terms of their use of databases and methodological tools. A more robust methodological approach using new international datasets can better explore the nuanced links between policies and societal outcomes. Future research needs to pay greater attention to linking a specific integration policy with its actual target group and target outcomes. Studies must also take into account time-sensitive contextual factors and general policies. International surveys can improve their measurement of integration policy outcomes in terms of longterm residence, family reunification, anti-discrimination, language learning, and, to some extent, political participation.
Year 2015
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
73 Report

Shifts in the European Discourses on Migration and Development

Authors Ernst Spaan, Ton van Naerssen, Felicitas Hillmann
Year 2005
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
74 Journal Article

Transnational nurse migration: Future directions for medical anthropological research

Authors Megan Prescott, Mark Nichter
Year 2014
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
75 Journal Article

The determinants of international migration: A theoretical and empirical assessment of policy, origin and destination effects

Description
The main question of this research project is: how do migration policies of receiving and sending states affect the size, direction and nature of international migration to wealthy countries? The effectiveness of migration policies has been widely contested in the face of their apparent failure to steer immigration and their many unintended, perverse effects. Due to fundamental conceptual and methodological flaws, most empirical evidence has remained largely descriptive and biased by omitting crucial sending country and policy variables. This project answers this question by embedding the systematic empirical analysis of policy effects into a comprehensive theoretical framework of the macro and meso-level forces driving international migration to and from wealthy countries. This is achieved by linking separately evolved migration theories focusing on either sending or receiving countries and integrating them with theories on the internal dynamics of migration processes. A systematic review and categorisation of receiving and sending country migration policies will provide an improved operationalisation of policy variables. Subsequently, this framework will be subjected to quantitative empirical tests drawing on gross and bilateral (country-to-country) migration flow data, with a particular focus on Europe. Methodologically, this project is groundbreaking by introducing a longitudinal, double comparative approach by studying migration flows of multiple origin groups to multiple destination countries. This design enables a unique, simultaneous analysis of origin and destination country, network and policy effects. Theoretically, this research project is innovative by going beyond simple push-pull and equilibrium models and linking sending and receiving side, and economic and non-economic migration theory. This project is policy-relevant by improving insight in the way policies shape migration processes in their interaction with other migration determinants
Year 2010
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
76 Project

DEMIG: The determinants of international migration: A theoretical and empirical assessment of policy, origin and destination effects

Description
The main question of this research project is: how do migration policies of receiving and sending states affect the size, direction and nature of international migration to wealthy countries? The effectiveness of migration policies has been widely contested in the face of their apparent failure to steer immigration and their many unintended, perverse effects. Due to fundamental conceptual and methodological flaws, most empirical evidence has remained largely descriptive and biased by omitting crucial sending country and policy variables. This project answers this question by embedding the systematic empirical analysis of policy effects into a comprehensive theoretical framework of the macro and meso-level forces driving international migration to and from wealthy countries. This is achieved by linking separately evolved migration theories focusing on either sending or receiving countries and integrating them with theories on the internal dynamics of migration processes. A systematic review and categorisation of receiving and sending country migration policies will provide an improved operationalisation of policy variables. Subsequently, this framework will be subjected to quantitative empirical tests drawing on gross and bilateral (country-to-country) migration flow data, with a particular focus on Europe. Methodologically, this project is groundbreaking by introducing a longitudinal, double comparative approach by studying migration flows of multiple origin groups to multiple destination countries. This design enables a unique, simultaneous analysis of origin and destination country, network and policy effects. Theoretically, this research project is innovative by going beyond simple push-pull and equilibrium models and linking sending and receiving side, and economic and non-economic migration theory. This project is policy-relevant by improving insight in the way policies shape migration processes in their interaction with other migration determinants
Year 2010
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
77 Project

ALGERIA, FROM OPERATIVE IMMIGRATION TO THE MOBILITY OF COMPETENCES IN THE LIGHT OF GLOBALIZATION? LOGIC AND DRIVING FACTORS OF TRANSNATIONAL MOBILITIES

Authors Zahir Hadibi
Year 2019
Journal Name AREAS-REVISTA INTERNACIONAL DE CIENCIAS SOCIALES
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
78 Journal Article

Now there is no land: a story of ethnic migration in a protected area landscape in western Uganda

Authors Joel Hartter, Sadie J. Ryan, Colin A. Chapman, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 18
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
79 Journal Article

The Perception of Myanmar Development on its Return Migrants: Implications for Burmese Migrants in Thailand

Authors Mya Mya Thet, Piriya Pholphirul
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
80 Journal Article

Ukrainian Migration to Poland: A “Local” Mobility?

Authors Marta Kindler, Zuzanna Brunarska, Monika Szulecka, ...
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
82 Book Chapter

Moving Out but Not Up: Economic Outcomes in the Great Migration

Authors Suzanne C. Eichenlaub, SE Tolnay, J. Trent Alexander
Year 2010
Journal Name American Sociological Review
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
83 Journal Article

Family Life in an Age of Migration and Mobility

Authors Ewa Palenga-Möllenbeck, Majella Kilkey
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
85 Book

Cyclone Aila, livelihood stress, and migration: empirical evidence from coastal Bangladesh

Authors Sebak Kumar Saha
Year 2017
Journal Name DISASTERS
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
88 Journal Article

Migration and International Relations: Cooperation and Control in the European Community

Authors James F. Hollifield
Year 1992
Journal Name International Migration Review
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
90 Journal Article

The Temporary Nature of Ukrainian Migration: Definitions, Determinants and Consequences

Authors Marta Kindler, Agata Górny
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
91 Book Chapter

Urbanization in Nigeria: The Onitsha experience

Authors Ngozika Anthonia Obi-Ani, Mathias Chukwudi Isiani
Year 2020
Journal Name CITIES
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
92 Journal Article

Educational Selectivity of Out-migration in Canada: 1976-1981 to 1996-2001

Authors Bali Ram, Y. E. Shin
Year 2007
Journal Name Canadian Studies in Population
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
93 Journal Article

Context-Based Qualitative Research and Multi-sited Migration Studies in Europe

Authors Russell King
Book Title Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
94 Book Chapter

'Going to the West Is My Last Chance to Get a Normal Life': Bulgarian Would-Be Migrants' Imaginings of Life in the UK

Authors Polina Manolova
Year 2019
Journal Name CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN MIGRATION REVIEW
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
95 Journal Article

Emigration Rates From Sample Surveys: An Application to Senegal

Authors Frans Willekens, Sabine Zinn, Matthias Leuchter
Year 2017
Journal Name Demography
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
96 Journal Article

Speaking Truth to Power? Why Civil Society, Beyond Academia, Remains Marginal in EU Migration Policy

Authors Ann Singleton
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
97 Book Chapter

Determinants and dynamics of migration to OECD countries in a three-dimensional panel framework

Authors Ilse Ruyssen, Glenn Rayp, Ilse Ruyssen, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name EMPIRICAL ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 10
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
98 Journal Article

Forced displacement and refugee-host community solidarity (FOCUS)

Principal investigator Nahikari Irastorza (Project Leader), Jason Tucker (Project Leader ), Pieter Bevelander (Participants)
Description
This project starts from the basic assumptions that forced migration to the European Union will continue in the future due to a number of different push and pull factors, that influx of refugees will influence the social, political and economic landscape of receiving societies, and that there are a variety of costs and benefits of integrating refugees in the host societies that are reflected in relational dynamics between the host and refugee communities. Bearing these considerations in mind, the goal of FOCUS is to increase the understanding of and to provide effective and evidence-based solutions for the challenges of forced migration within host communities. By doing so, it also aims at contributing to increased tolerance, peaceful coexistence, and reduced radicalization across Europe and the Middle East. Based on a comprehensive mapping and trans-disciplinary, multi-site field research conducted in Jordan, Croatia, Germany and Sweden, FOCUS explores the socio-psychological dimensions of refugee and host-community relations and analyses the socio-economic integration of refugees and the consequences of this in host societies. This knowledge is then used to transform and strengthen existing promising solutions for social and labour market integration. The integration solutions will be pilot tested in at least five European countries by governmental and non-governmental end-users. The solutions are finally brought together in the Refugee and Host Community Toolbox, which will support policy makers, municipal actors, civil society organisations and other stakeholders in responding to the needs of both refugees and host communities and thereby act as agents of change in this field.
Year 2019
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
99 Project

Migration and International Relations: Cooperation and Control in the European Community

Authors James F. Hollifield
Year 1992
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 33
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
100 Journal Article
SHOW FILTERS
Ask us