Natural disasters and environmental shocks

Natural disasters and environmental shocks are concrete and observable events that trigger migration. They include storms, floods, droughts, and earthquakes as well as man-made disasters, such as forest fires and accidents.

Studies listed under this migration driver refer to natural disasters, such as storms, floods, droughts, and earthquakes. They also refer to man-made natural disasters, such as forest fires and accidents.

Showing page of 93 results, sorted by

Residential relocation and change in social capital: A natural experiment from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami

Authors Hiroyuki Hikichi, Ichiro Kawachi, Y Sawada, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name SCIENCE ADVANCES
Citations (WoS) 9
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1 Journal Article

Impacts of Natural Disasters on Children

Authors Carolyn Kousky
Year 2016
Journal Name FUTURE OF CHILDREN
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2 Journal Article

Using administrative data to estimate population displacement and resettlement following a catastrophic U.S. disaster

Authors Allison Plyer, Joy Bonaguro, Ken Hodges
Year 2010
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 14
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3 Journal Article

Demographic dynamics and natural disasters: learning from Katrina and Rita

Authors William H. Frey, Audrey Singer
Year 2010
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 2
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4 Journal Article

Chinese Newcomers in Japan: Migration Trends, Profiles and the Impact of the 2011 Earthquake

Authors Gracia Liu-Farrer
Year 2013
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
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5 Journal Article

Chinese Newcomers in Japan: Migration Trends, Profiles and the Impact of the 2011 Earthquake

Authors Gracia Liu-Farrer
Year 2013
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
Citations (WoS) 2
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6 Journal Article

Climate Change, Natural Disasters and Socioeconomic Livelihood Vulnerabilities: Migration Decision Among the Char Land People in Bangladesh

Authors M. Rezaul Islam, M. Rezaul Islam
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH
Citations (WoS) 4
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7 Journal Article

Evidence against disaster-induced migration: the 2004 tornado in north-central Bangladesh

Authors Bimal Kanti Paul
Year 2005
Journal Name DISASTERS
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8 Journal Article

Editor introduction

Authors Lori M. Hunter
Year 2010
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
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9 Journal Article

Flood Risk, Flood Mitigation, and Location Choice: Evaluating the National Flood Insurance Program's Community Rating System

Authors Qin Fan, Meri Davlasheridze
Year 2016
Journal Name RISK ANALYSIS
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10 Journal Article

Ethical problems in an era where disasters have become a part of daily life: A qualitative study of healthcare workers in Turkey

Authors M. Murat Civaner, Kevser Vatansever, Kayihan Pala
Year 2017
Journal Name PLOS ONE
Citations (WoS) 2
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11 Journal Article

Climate variability and migration in the Philippines

Authors Pratikshya Bohra-Mishra, Shuaizhang Feng, Michael Oppenheimer, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 2
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12 Journal Article

Clarifying survival migration: a response

Authors Alexander Betts
Year 2015
Journal Name EUROPEAN POLITICAL SCIENCE
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13 Journal Article

Cyclone Aila, livelihood stress, and migration: empirical evidence from coastal Bangladesh

Authors Sebak Kumar Saha
Year 2017
Journal Name DISASTERS
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14 Journal Article

Migration or Forced Displacement?: The Complex Choices of Climate Change and Disaster Migrants in Shishmaref, Alaska and Nanumea, Tuvalu

Authors Elizabeth Marino, Heather Lazrus
Year 2015
Journal Name HUMAN ORGANIZATION
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15 Journal Article

Theories of Migration

Authors Robin Cohen
Year 1996
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16 Book

Law and Migration

Authors Selina Goulbourne
Year 1998
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17 Book

North-South Migration in Ghana: What Role for the Environment?

Authors Kees van der Geest, Kees van der Geest
Year 2011
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 54
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18 Journal Article

Forced migration, new refugees and human rights

Authors Cristina Gortazar Rotaeche
Year 2005
Journal Name ARBOR-CIENCIA PENSAMIENTO Y CULTURA
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19 Journal Article

Feeling the pain of my people - Hurricane Katrina, racial inequality, and the psyche of black America

Authors Ismail K. White, Tasha S. Philpot, Kristin Wylie, ...
Year 2007
Journal Name JOURNAL OF BLACK STUDIES
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20 Journal Article

Feeling the pain of my people - Hurricane Katrina, racial inequality, and the psyche of black America

Authors Ismail K. White, Tasha S. Philpot, Kristin Wylie, ...
Year 2007
Journal Name JOURNAL OF BLACK STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 19
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21 Journal Article

The Lesvos Refugee Crisis as Disaster Capitalism

Authors Anja K. Franck
Year 2018
Journal Name Peace Review
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22 Journal Article

Moving Beyond the Focus on Environmental Migration Towards Recognizing the Normality of Translocal Lives: Insights from Bangladesh

Authors Bishawjit Mallick, Benjamin Etzold
Book Title Migration, Risk Management and Climate Change: Evidence and Policy Responses
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23 Book Chapter

From Armed Neutrality to External Dependence: Swiss Security in the 21stCentury

Authors Marc R. DeVore, Armin Stähli
Year 2011
Journal Name SWISS POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 3
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24 Journal Article

What we learned from the Dust Bowl: lessons in science, policy, and adaptation

Authors Robert A. McLeman, James D. Ford, Juliette Dupre, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 43
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25 Journal Article

Theoretical, methodological and statistical problems of studying environmental migration

Authors Artem S. Lukyanets, Sergey Ryazantsev, Anastasia Sergeevna Maksimova, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name AMAZONIA INVESTIGA
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26 Journal Article

Going home after Hurricane Katrina: Determinants of return migration and changes in affected areas

Authors JA Groen, Jeffrey A. Groen, Anne E. Polivka, ...
Year 2010
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 70
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27 Journal Article

Environmental hazard and migration intentions in a coastal area in Ghana: a case of sea flooding

Authors Samuel Nii Ardey Codjoe, Jon Sward, Felix Hayford Nyamedor, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
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28 Journal Article

The Impact of Parental Death on Child Well-being: Evidence From the Indian Ocean Tsunami

Authors Ava Gail Cas, E Frankenberg, Duncan Thomas, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
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29 Journal Article

Climate change and Zhou relocations in early Chinese history

Authors Chun Chang Huang, Hong-Xia Su
Year 2009
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY
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30 Journal Article

The Impact of Parental Death on Child Well-being: Evidence From the Indian Ocean Tsunami

Authors Ava Gail Cas, E Frankenberg, Duncan Thomas, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 11
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32 Journal Article

A conceptual review of risk communication network for protecting immigrant knowledge workers

Authors Namkyung Oh, Julia Beckett
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY SERVICES
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33 Journal Article

The Science of Climate Change

Authors Michael Oppenheimer, Jesse K. Anttila-Hughes
Year 2016
Journal Name FUTURE OF CHILDREN
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34 Journal Article

Protecting the "Most Vulnerable"? The Management of a Disaster and the Making/Unmaking of Victims after the 2008 Xenophobic Violence in South Africa

Authors Lydie Cabane
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE
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35 Journal Article

Living in the Eye of the Storm: How did Hazleton's Restrictive Immigration Ordinance Affect Local Interethnic Relations?

Authors Rene Flores
Year 2014
Journal Name AMERICAN BEHAVIORAL SCIENTIST
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36 Journal Article

Introduction

Authors Zana Vathi
Book Title Migrating and Settling in a Mobile World
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37 Book Chapter

SHORT REVIEWS

Authors John Bongaarts, Martin Brockerhoff, Geoffrey McNicoll, ...
Year 1999
Journal Name POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT REVIEW
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38 Journal Article

Opening the Floodgates: Why America Needs to Rethink its Borders and Immigration Laws

Authors Tim Dunn
Year 2009
Journal Name LATINO STUDIES
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39 Journal Article

Swans, Conflicts, and Resonance Local Movements and the Reform of Chilean Environmental Institutions

Authors Claudia Sepulveda, Pablo Villarroel
Year 2012
Journal Name LATIN AMERICAN PERSPECTIVES
Citations (WoS) 19
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40 Journal Article

Introduction: understanding the links between population dynamics and climate change

Authors Adrian C. Hayes, Susana B. Adamo
Year 2014
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 1
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41 Journal Article

Swans, Conflicts, and Resonance Local Movements and the Reform of Chilean Environmental Institutions

Authors Claudia Sepulveda, Pablo Villarroel
Year 2012
Journal Name LATIN AMERICAN PERSPECTIVES
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43 Journal Article

Lessons from the 2006 Louisiana Health and Population Survey

Year 2012
Journal Name DISASTERS
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44 Journal Article

Identifying the Location and Extent of Populations Trapped by Environmental Change in the Mekong Delta: An Agent-Based Modelling Approach

Description
The UK Foresight Migration and Global Environmental Change Project recently concluded that migration is likely to be increasingly influenced by environmental change in the future through the impact of climate change on economic, social and political drivers. However, the range and complexity of the interactions between these drivers means that it will rarely be possible to distinguish individuals for whom environmental factors are the sole driver. In parallel, within debates about climate change adaptation there has been an emerging trend to position migration as an adaptation strategy to environmental shocks and stresses. However, migration is expensive, requiring a number of assets/capitals. This can result in some populations who experience the impacts of environmental change seeing a reduction in the very capital required to enable a move. Environmental change is therefore equally likely to make migration less possible as more probable. In the decades ahead, millions of people are thus likely to be unable to move away from locations in which they are extremely vulnerable to environmental change. To the international community, this ‘trapped’ population is likely to represent just as important a policy concern as those who do migrate. In determining the extent and location of these populations the non-ubiquity of migration within a community needs to be accounted for in order to separate those people who want to migrate but are unable to do so from those who are unwilling to migrate and instead choose to cope with livelihood stresses in alternative ways. This distinction requires a contextually driven analysis of the decision to migrate or stay. Such a focus on the migration decision is suited to an agent-based modelling approach which takes into account an individual’s intention to migrate, the influence of migration and non-migration behaviour of others and their perceived ability to migrate within a decision mediated by household and community-level factors.
Year 2013
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45 Project

Climigration? Population and climate change in Arctic Alaska

Authors Lawrence C. Hamilton, Kei Saito, Philip A. Loring, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 14
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46 Journal Article

Histories of the Unprecedented: Climate Change, Environmental Transformations, and Displacement in the United States

Authors Uwe Luebken
Year 2019
Journal Name OPEN LIBRARY OF HUMANITIES
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47 Journal Article

Context-Based Qualitative Research and Multi-sited Migration Studies in Europe

Authors Russell King
Book Title Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies
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48 Book Chapter

Antiterrorist policing in New York City after 9/11: Comparing perspectives on a complex process

Authors AS Bornstein
Year 2005
Journal Name HUMAN ORGANIZATION
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50 Journal Article

Temporary Migration Programmes: the Cause or Antidote of Migrant Worker Exploitation in UK Agriculture

Authors Erica Consterdine, Sahizer Samuk
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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51 Journal Article

Temporary Migration Programmes: the Cause or Antidote of Migrant Worker Exploitation in UK Agriculture

Authors Erica Consterdine, Sahizer Samuk
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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52 Journal Article

Tracking the weight of Hurricane Harvey's stormwater using GPS data

Authors
Year 2018
Journal Name SCIENCE ADVANCES
Citations (WoS) 5
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53 Journal Article

The formation of ethnic identity in South Omo: the Dassenech

Authors Neal Sobania
Year 2011
Journal Name JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES
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54 Journal Article

Of Travertine and Time: Otolith Chemistry and Microstructure Detect Provenance and Demography of Endangered Humpback Chub in Grand Canyon, USA

Authors Karin E. Limburg, Todd A. Hayden, William E. Pine, ...
Year 2013
Journal Name PLOS ONE
Citations (WoS) 18
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55 Journal Article

Perceptions of health hazards in the narratives of Italian migrant workers at an Australian asbestos mine (1943-1966)

Authors F Cappelletto, E Merler
Year 2003
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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56 Journal Article

The Migration-Development Nexus: Somalia Case Study

Authors Joakim Gundel
Year 2002
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 25
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57 Journal Article

UK Citizens as Former EU Citizens: Predicament and Remedies

Authors Reuven (Ruvi) Ziegler
Book Title Debating European Citizenship
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58 Book Chapter

More than an urban legend: the short- and long-run effects of unplanned fertility shocks

Authors Thiemo Fetzer, Oliver Pardo, Amar Shanghavi
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
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59 Journal Article

Implications of Climate Change for Children in Developing Countries

Authors Rema Hanna, Paulina Oliva
Year 2016
Journal Name FUTURE OF CHILDREN
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60 Journal Article

Sending Country Policies

Authors Eva Østergaard-Nielsen
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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61 Book Chapter

Climate Change, Extreme Weather Events, and Migration: Review of the Literature for Five Arab Countries

Authors Nicholas Burger, Quentin Wodon, Audra Grant, ...
Book Title People on the Move in a Changing Climate
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62 Book Chapter

URBAN DEMOGRAPHIC DECLINE IN THE TRADITIONAL INDUSTRIAL REGIONS OF THE URALS (1959-2010)

Authors Sergey Bakanov
Year 2017
Journal Name QUAESTIO ROSSICA
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63 Journal Article

Why successful in situ adaptation with environmental stress does not prevent people from migrating? Empirical evidence from Northern Thailand

Authors Patrick Sakdapolrak, Panomsak Promburom, Alexander Reif
Year 2014
Journal Name CLIMATE AND DEVELOPMENT
Citations (WoS) 15
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64 Journal Article

Why successful in situ adaptation with environmental stress does not prevent people from migrating? Empirical evidence from Northern Thailand

Authors Patrick Sakdapolrak, Panomsak Promburom, Alexander Reif
Year 2014
Journal Name CLIMATE AND DEVELOPMENT
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65 Journal Article

Has Exposure to Poor Neighbourhoods Changed in America? Race, Risk and Housing Locations in Two Decades

Authors Xavier de Souza Briggs, Benjamin J. Keys
Year 2009
Journal Name URBAN STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 25
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66 Journal Article

Speaking Truth to Power? Why Civil Society, Beyond Academia, Remains Marginal in EU Migration Policy

Authors Ann Singleton
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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67 Book Chapter

Restrictive ID Policies: Implications for Health Equity

Authors Alana M. W. LeBrón, William D. Lopez, Keta Cowan, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
Citations (WoS) 3
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68 Journal Article

Closing the Racial Wealth Gap: Establishing and Sustaining an Initiative

Authors Kilolo Kijakazi
Year 2016
Journal Name RACE AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS
Citations (WoS) 3
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69 Journal Article

The class route to nationhood: China, Vietnam, Norway, Cyprus - and France

Authors Stein Tonnesson
Year 2009
Journal Name NATIONS AND NATIONALISM
Citations (WoS) 4
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70 Journal Article

Closing the Racial Wealth Gap: Establishing and Sustaining an Initiative

Authors Kilolo Kijakazi
Year 2016
Journal Name RACE AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS
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71 Journal Article

Where's populism? Online media and the diffusion of populist discourses and styles in Portugal

Authors Susana Salgado
Year 2019
Journal Name EUROPEAN POLITICAL SCIENCE
Citations (WoS) 7
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72 Journal Article

The fiscal impact of immigration to welfare states of the Scandinavian type

Authors Marianne Frank Hansen, T Tranaes, Marie Louise Schultz-Nielsen
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 1
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74 Journal Article

Reduced migration under climate change: evidence from Malawi using an aspirations and capabilities framework

Authors Natalie Suckall, EDG Fraser, Piers Forster
Year 2017
Journal Name CLIMATE AND DEVELOPMENT
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75 Journal Article

Reduced migration under climate change: evidence from Malawi using an aspirations and capabilities framework

Authors Natalie Suckall, EDG Fraser, Piers Forster
Year 2017
Journal Name CLIMATE AND DEVELOPMENT
Citations (WoS) 5
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76 Journal Article

Agricultural settlement and soil quality in the Brazilian Amazon

Authors Marcia C. Castro, Burton H. Singer
Year 2012
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 2
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77 Journal Article

The class route to nationhood: China, Vietnam, Norway, Cyprus - and France

Authors Stein Tonnesson
Year 2009
Journal Name NATIONS AND NATIONALISM
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78 Journal Article

Religion and society: current perspectives

Authors Matthias Koenig, Christof Wolf
Year 2013
Journal Name KOLNER ZEITSCHRIFT FUR SOZIOLOGIE UND SOZIALPSYCHOLOGIE
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79 Journal Article

Religion and society: current perspectives

Authors Matthias Koenig, Christof Wolf
Year 2013
Journal Name KOLNER ZEITSCHRIFT FUR SOZIOLOGIE UND SOZIALPSYCHOLOGIE
Citations (WoS) 3
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80 Journal Article

Local Politics, Populism and Pim Fortuyn in Rotterdam

Authors Julien van Ostaaijen
Book Title Coming to Terms with Superdiversity
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81 Book Chapter

Intersectionality takes it to the streets: Mobilizing across diverse interests for the Women's March

Authors Dana R. Fisher, Rashawn Ray, Dawn M. Dow
Year 2017
Journal Name SCIENCE ADVANCES
Citations (WoS) 13
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82 Journal Article

Land grabbing: a preliminary quantification of economic impacts on rural livelihoods

Authors Kyle F. Davis, Paolo D'Odorico, Maria Cristina Rulli
Year 2014
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 33
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83 Journal Article

A Natural Experiment on Residential Change and Recidivism: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina

Authors David S. Kirk
Year 2009
Journal Name AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW
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84 Journal Article

THE PRESERVATION OF ASIAN WETLANDS - BIRDS AND THEIR PROBLEMS

Authors S EARLE
Year 1994
Journal Name INTERDISCIPLINARY SCIENCE REVIEWS
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85 Journal Article

Social and Environmental Vulnerability in a River Basin of Mexico

Authors Úrsula Oswald Spring
Book Title Expanding Peace Ecology: Peace, Security, Sustainability, Equity and Gender
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86 Book Chapter

Key Knowledge Questions on Migration Drivers

Authors Katharina Natter
Year 2020
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87 Policy Brief

Climate change, migration and health in the Carribean : an intersectoral and integrative approach

Principal investigator Patrick Cloos (Principal Investigator), Isabelle Dubost (Coordinator)
Year 2019
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88 Project

Umweltwandel und menschliche Migration: Ein sozial-ökologischer Teufelskreis?

Principal investigator Kathleen Hermans (Principal Investigator)
Description
Das übergeordnete Ziel von MigSoKo ist es, die Mechanismen zu untersuchen, die den sich gegenseitig beeinflussenden Phänomenen Migration und Umweltwandel zugrunde liegen. Dazu sollen räumliche Muster von Migration und Umweltveränderungen identifiziert und begründet werden. Ebenso soll der kausale Zusammenhang von Umweltwandel, Bevölkerungsdruck und Migration sowie den ökologischen Konsequenzen von Migration erklärt werden. Hierzu werden im Projekt Daten und Methoden verschiedener Disziplinen auf verschiedenen räumlichen Ebenen (lokal, national, regional, global) systematisch miteinander kombiniert. So werden Zensus- und Fernerkundungsdaten mit Befragungen von Migranten, einer computergestützten Modellierung und partizipativen Szenarien verknüpft, um Mechanismen der umweltbedingten Abwanderung sowie ökologische Konsequenzen von Wanderungsbewegungen in Äthiopien zu identifizieren und zu erklären. Darauf basierend wird schließlich ein Instrument für politische Entscheidungsträger entwickelt, das eine systematische Integration von Migration und nachhaltiger Ressourcennutzung in Klimaanpassungspolitiken und -programmen ermöglicht. Damit zu erzielende Effekte sind beispielsweise eine verbesserte Existenzgrundlage der Haushalte vor Ort, eine regionale Verbesserung der Umweltbedingungen sowie überregionale Synergieeffekte.
Year 2016
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89 Project

Ökonomie des Klimawandels: Die Bewältigung von Klimaschocks in der Mongolei – Vulnerabilität, Vermögen und Migration

Principal investigator Kati Krähnert (Principal Investigator)
Description
Das Projekt untersucht die Auswirkungen von Klimaschocks auf das Wohlergehen und Verhalten von Haushalten in der Mongolei. Insbesondere werden dabei extreme Wetterereignisse, sogenannte Dzud-Katastrophen, betrachtet (siehe Kasten). Mit fortschreitendem Klimawandel ist damit zu rechnen, dass solche Klimaschocks häufiger und in extremeren Umfang auftreten werden. Im Rahmen des Projekts wird eine Panelhaushaltsbefragung zu Klimaschocks und sozio-ökonomischer Vulnerabilität von Haushalten in der westlichen Mongolei erhoben. Die Anpassungsstrategien von Nomaden zur Bewältigung von Klimaschocks und die Verteilungswirkungen von Klimaschocks werden anhand mikro-ökonometrischer Methoden analysiert.
Year 2012
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90 Project

Klimawandel, Umweltveränderungen und Migration: Sozial-ökologische Bedingungen von Bevölkerungsbewegungen am Beispiel der Sahelländer Mali und Senegal

Principal investigator Martin Doevenspeck (Principal Investigator ), Diana Hummel (Principal Investigator ), Cyrus Samimi (Principal Investigator ), Wolfgang Lutz (Principal Investigator )
Description
Das interdisziplinäre Forschungsprojekt MICLE beschäftigt sich mit den Umweltwandel und Migration in Mali und Senegal. Politiker und Wissenschaftler bezeichnen den Klimawandel als eine der größten Bedrohungen für menschliche Entwicklung in Afrika und sagen massive Bevölkerungsbewegungen als Folge einer zunehmenden Zahl von Extremereignissen wie Dürren, von zunehmender Wasserknappheit, Abnahme der Nahrungsmittelproduktion und Verlust an Biodiversität voraus. Dabei ist das Konstrukt der „Umweltflucht“ aufgrund des ihm inhärenten Geodeterminismus, der konzeptionellen Unklarheiten und politischen Instrumentalisierungen höchst problematisch. Umweltveränderungen als Hauptursache für Migration zu identifizieren ist praktisch unmöglich. Daher beschäftigt sich das Forschungsprojekt mit den multiplen Ursachen von Migration im Sahel um die internen Logiken zu verstehen und Migrationsbewegungen theoretisch zu kontextualisieren.
Year 2010
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91 Project

CLIMATES OF MIGRATION: Klimawandel und Umweltmigration in historischer Perspektive -- Teilprojekt Desaster Migration: Klimatisch-meteorologische Katastrophen als Auslöser von Wanderungsbewegu

Principal investigator Uwe Lübken (Principal Investigator)
Description
Mit der globalen Erwärmung und dem Anstieg der Meeresspiegel hat auch ein Thema Konjunktur, das bis vor kurzem noch gar nicht auf der wissenschaftlichen Agenda stand: Klimamigration. Die Folgen des Klimawandels, so wird befürchtet, könnten die Lebensgrundlagen von Millionen von Menschen derart radikal verändern, dass ihnen kaum noch eine andere Wahl als die (Klima-) Flucht bzw. Migration bleibt. Das vom BMBF geförderte Forschungsprojekt Climates of Migration hat die aktuellen Debatten zum Anlass genommen, den Zusammenhang zwischen Umweltveränderungen und Migration aus historischer Perspektive zu analysieren, denn klimatische und andere Umweltfaktoren haben auch in der Vergangenheit eine große Rolle für Ansiedlungsentscheidungen, Anpassungsstrategien und die Mobilität von Gesellschaften gespielt. Konkret hat das gemeinsame Projekt des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts Essen (KWI) und des Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society der LMU München (RCC) den Zusammenhang zwischen Klimaschwankungen, Hungerkrisen und Migration, die Bedeutung von Klimaaspekten für die Besiedlung einer Region sowie die displacement-Effekte von Naturkatastrophen untersucht. Insgesamt haben sich sieben Forscherinnen und Forscher aus verschiedenen Disziplinen mit Themen wie Hungersnöten in Irland und den daraus resultierenden Abwanderungseffekten, Migrationsbewegungen im Norden Mexikos, die durch die großflächige Abholzung von Waldflächen verursacht wurden, oder der schwierigen Entscheidung von Bewohnern sinkender Inseln, etwa im Pazifik oder in der Cheaspeake Bay, wie mit dem drohenden Verlust der Lebensgrundlage umgegangen werden sollte, befasst.
Year 2010
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92 Project

Population et environnement

Principal investigator Valérie Golaz (Coordinator)
Description
Ce projet s’ordonne autour de l’analyse de trois relations majeures dans le champ de la recherche consacrée aux interactions entre population et environnement : relation entre croissance démographique et changements environnementaux, relation entre migration et environnement et relation entre santé et environnement. La recherche consacrée aux relations entre population et environnement a mis l'accent sur les effets de la croissance démographique sur les changements environnementaux sans pouvoir tirer de conclusions simples. Plus récemment, en lien avec le changement climatique et les catastrophes environnementales, c'est la relation entre migration et environnement qui a fait l'objet d'une très grande attention. Quant à la thématique santé et environnement, en dépit de son importance, elle est du fait de son extrême complexité moins fréquemment abordée. Il n'existe toujours pas de consensus sur la responsabilité de la croissance démographique dans les transformations de l'environnement observées tant à une échelle planétaire que locale. En Asie et en Afrique, certains pays sont toujours confrontés à une croissance rapide de leur population : comment y font-ils face d'un point de vue environnemental? Qu'en est-il de l'usage des terres ? De l'évolution de la qualité des sols? Des besoins en eau et de leur satisfaction ? L'exode rural allège la pression démographique dans les campagnes mais l'urbanisation à laquelle il contribue est susceptible de freiner le développement ou de favoriser des dégradations environnementales ? Comment les sociétés gèrent-elles des hausses continues des densités de population ? Le deuxième axe de ce projet porte sur la relation entre migration et environnement. Il s’avère que la migration est à la fois un facteur de transformation de l’environnement et une réponse à un changement de ce dernier, mais l’accent est aujourd’hui avant tout mis sur la migration comme conséquence d’une transformation de l’environnement. Il est ainsi fréquemment question de migrations climatiques, voire de migrations environnementales et des estimations de nombres de migrants environnementaux sont proposées. Toutefois, ce lien entre migration et environnement est loin d’être mécanique et il existe, dans les diverses formes de mobilité, tout un continuum allant de déplacements très temporaires en cas d’inondations par exemple à des migrations définitives si, par exemple, la désertification d'une région y rend toute vie impossible. La mesure des migrations environnementales est d’autant plus délicate que la distinction entre variables économiques et variables environnementales peut-être incertaine, comme dans le cas d'une baisse de productivité des sols liée à surexploitation et à des épisodes de sècheresse. Ce projet entend aussi aborder le champ des relations entre santé et environnement. Des transformations de l’environnement comme la déforestation peuvent en effet avoir des effets sur la santé des populations (cas du paludisme par exemple). Il s’agit à ce stade de dresser un état de l’art sur la relation entre santé et environnement. Les données utilisées dans le cadre de ce projet sont diverses. IL s'agit aussi bien de données fournies par les institutions internationales à l'échelle des pays que de données issues d'enquêtes spécifiques et locales. La question du couplage entre données démographiques et données environnementales issues de diverses sources est centrale et fera l'objet d'une attention toute particulière. Des enquêtes qualitatives pourront venir compléter l'information quantitative de manière à permettre de préciser certains processus.
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