Routes, hubs, and sites in travel & migration

The sites of travel and migration represent the physical dimension of the migration infrastructures. This topic includes roads, routes and pathways, as well as border crossing points or ports of arrival, (hub) airports, transit migration hubs, bus and train stations, taxi ranks, hotels, refugee camps, temporary settlements (‘jungles’) or ‘safe houses’ but also geographical aspects like mountains, rivers, deserts and the seas. All these physical infrastructures facilitate or constrain and thus shape migratory routes and trajectories. The e diverse actors of travel and migration are active at or along these sites.

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FROM TRANSIT HUB TO DEAD END: A CHRONICLE OF IDOMENI

Authors Marianthi Anastasiadou, Athanasios Marvakis, Panagiota Mezidou, ...
Year 2017
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1 Working Paper

Rescuing Migrants in the Central Mediterranean: The Emergence of a New Civil Humanitarianism at the Maritime Border

Authors Marta Esperti
Year 2020
Journal Name AMERICAN BEHAVIORAL SCIENTIST
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2 Journal Article

Afghans in Greece: Transit, Immobility and Return

Authors Angeliki Dimitriadi
Book Title Irregular Afghan Migration to Europe
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3 Book Chapter

Governing the Balkan Route. Macedonia, Serbia and the European border regime

Authors Barbara Beznec, Marc S Speer, Marta Stojić Mitrović
Description
In the paper we trace how Macedonia and Serbia strategically positioned themselves regarding the government of transit migration though their territory by dynamically shifting between humanitarianism and securitization before the formalized corridor emerged, during its existence, in the process of its closure, and after it was shut down. This is not to say that precise dates can be pinpointed to distinguish these “phases”: the emergence of the formalized corridor in the south of the Balkan route, for example, was a dynamic process which resulted from the interplay of state practices, practices of mobility, activities of activists, volunteers, and NGOs, media coverage, etc. The same applies for its closure. However, the text follows a diachronic line in which we describe the contextual factors that decisively shaped the transformation of the migration policies of the two states. It focuses in particular on transportation practices, accommodation, (in)visibility of migrants, activity of (non-)state actors, unique national instruments (such as the 72-hours paper), the One Stop centres and the transit zones at the Serbian-Hungarian border.
Year 2017
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4 Report

‘Volunteer Humanitarianism’: volunteers and humanitarian aid in the Jungle refugee camp of Calais

Authors Elisa Sandri
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 11
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6 Journal Article

Forced migrations and Externalization of European Union Border Control: Serbia on the Balkan Migration Route

Authors Mirjana Bobic, Danica Santic
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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7 Journal Article

Voices from the ‘Jungle’: stories from the Calais refugee camp

Authors Anya Edmond-Pettitt, Anya Edmond-Pettitt
Year 2018
Journal Name Race & Class
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8 Journal Article

Voices from the 'Jungle': Stories from the Calais Refugee Camp

Authors Sarah Graham
Year 2018
Journal Name WASAFIRI
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9 Journal Article

The Language of Walls Along the Balkan Route

Authors Federico Giulio Sicurella
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies
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10 Journal Article

Drugs in Southern Africa: business as usual

Authors L Laniel
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL
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11 Journal Article

Migration Solidarity and Acts of Citizenship along the Balkan Route

Description
The aim of this 24-month Fellowship is to explore how refugees and refugee solidarity groups along the “Balkan route” relate to and enact European citizenship. While the project of European citizenship is an unprecedented political development, it has institutionally been modelled upon and reproduces national conceptualisations of citizenship, rights and identity. The research will undertake a comparative analysis of discourses and practices of refugees and pro-refugee volunteers in both EU and non-EU sites, and of the way in which they challenge concepts and institutions of European citizenship derived from national models of membership. It will pay particular attention to the relationship between “movement” and the constitution of new European political subjectivities. The main objectives of this study are (1) to engage in a critical examination of the processes and institutions of European citizenship with a specific focus on countries of the “Balkan route”; (2) to develop a cross-national and cross-local perspective on solidarity practices with refugees that have emerged along the Balkan route; (3) to investigate “acts of citizenship” emerging from both EU and non-EU citizens in relation to refugee mobilities and to assess their implication for European citizenship; (4) To develop analytical and theoretical frames to reflect on new politics of solidarity in Europe and the way in which they contest exclusionary readings of Europe; and (5) to contribute to conceptual debates on citizenship, the governance of migration and social movements and solidarity in the EU and beyond. In the current context of uncertainty regarding the future of the EU, these questions appear of rising urgency. This study proposes to address these issues through ethnographic research with a range of pro-refugee initiatives in Hungary, Serbia and Greece, three countries at the heart of the Balkan route yet which hold different historical and political relationships to “Europe” and the EU.
Year 2017
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12 Project

Refugees ‘in Transit’: Vietnamese in a Refugee Camp in Hong Kong

Authors Kwok B. Chan, David Loveridge
Year 1987
Journal Name International Migration Review
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13 Journal Article

Politics at play: locating human rights, refugees and grassroots humanitarianism in the Calais Jungle

Authors Darragh McGee, Juliette Pelham
Year 2018
Journal Name LEISURE STUDIES
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14 Journal Article

Trafficking and Syrian Refugee Smuggling: Evidence from the Balkan Route

Authors Danilo Mandic
Year 2017
Journal Name Social Inclusion
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15 Journal Article

The Politics of Lace in Kate Evans' Threads: From the Refugee Crisis (2017)

Authors Harriet Earle
Year 2020
Journal Name COMICS GRID-JOURNAL OF COMICS SCHOLARSHIP
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16 Journal Article

SMALL STATES AND THE BIG EUROPEAN MIGRATION CRISIS: THE OPEN BORDERS CHALLENGE

Authors Dana Lusa
Year 2019
Journal Name TEORIJA IN PRAKSA
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17 Journal Article

Refugees 'in Transit': Vietnamese in a Refugee Camp in Hong Kong

Authors Kwok B. Chan, David Loveridge
Year 1987
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 14
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18 Journal Article

Narrative and ethical (in)action: creating spaces of resistance with refugee-storytellers in the Calais 'Jungle' camp

Authors Cigdem Esin, Aura Lounasmaa
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
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19 Journal Article

Decision Making on the Balkan Route and the EU-Turkey Statement

Authors Maastricht University, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Koc University, ...
Description
In 2015, there were higher than normal migration flows from Turkey to Greece and then via the Western Balkans to other European Union (EU) countries, leading to what has been termed Europe’s ‘refugee crisis’. The primary research question guiding this study is: How can the fluctuations in migration flows on the Balkans route from January 2015-December 2018 be explained? The core sub-questions guiding this research are:What explanations are there for the sharp decrease in the number of refugees and migrants on the Balkans route even before the EU-Turkey Statement came into effect?What are the decision making factors of refugees and migrants when choosing to leave Turkey before and after the EU-Turkey Statement?To what extent do policy interventions impact refugees and migrants’ decision-making regarding routes and destination choices?
Year 2019
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20 Report

Fluctuations in Migration Flows to Europe

Authors Maastricht University, Scientific Research and Documentation Centre, Ministry of Security and Justice, Katie Kuschminder, ...
Description
In 2015, there were higher than normal migration flows from Turkey to Greece and then via the Western Balkans to other European Union (EU) countries, leading to what has been termed Europe’s ‘refugee crisis’. The primary research question guiding this study is: How can the fluctuations in migration flows on the Balkans route from January 2015-December 2018 be explained? The core sub-questions guiding this research are: What explanations are there for the sharp decrease in the number of refugees and migrants on the Balkans route even before the EU-Turkey Statement came into effect? What are the decision making factors of refugees and migrants when choosing to leave Turkey before and after the EU-Turkey Statement? To what extent do policy interventions impact refugees and migrants’ decision-making regarding routes and destination choices?
Year 2019
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21 Report

Against All Odds: Turkey’s Response to “Undesirable but Unreturnable” Asylum-Seekers

Authors Didem Doğar
Year 2017
Journal Name Refugee Survey Quarterly
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22 Journal Article

Refugee Camp Economies

Authors E. Werker
Year 2007
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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23 Journal Article

‘Friends that last a lifetime’: the importance of emotions amongst volunteers working with refugees in Calais

Authors Mark Doidge, Elisa Sandri
Year 2019
Journal Name The British Journal of Sociology
Citations (WoS) 1
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24 Journal Article

Volunteering for Refugees in Europe: Civil Society, Solidarity, and Forced Migration along the Balkan Route amid the Failure of the Common European Asylum System

Principal investigator J. Olaf Kleist (Principal Investigator), Serhat Karakayalı (Principal Investigator)
Description
Amid rising numbers of asylum seekers arriving in the EU and migrating along the Balkan route in 2015, state, EU and traditional NGO institutions failed to adequately receive, register and care for the new arrivals. Instead, volunteers stepped in to provide humanitarian assistance. They are locals as well as citizens from other European countries who engage with the crisis for a variety of reasons, in a range of contexts and with varying consequences. This research project will examine personal motives, social structures and political conditions of volunteering for refugees in countries along the so-called Balkan route: in Greece, in Slovenia, and in former Yugoslav countries. Based on political process tracing, sociological-ethnographic observations and semi-structured interviews with volunteers, officials, locals and refugees we will devise country reports that will create the basis for a comparative study. Thus, we will interrogate whether we can witness in this refugee policies ’from below’ the creation of a particular, pro-immigration and human rights based European civil society or social movement.
Year 2016
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27 Project

Refugee Camp as Mediating Locality: Memory and Place in Protracted Exile

Authors Dorota Woroniecka-Krzyzanowska
Book Title Memories on the Move
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28 Book Chapter

Beyond the Refugee-Migrant Binary? Refugee Camp Residency Along the Myanmar-Thailand Border

Authors T. F. Rhoden
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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29 Journal Article

Gendered Spaces and Educational Expectations: the Case of the Former Refugee Camp "Elliniko" in Athens

Authors Arezou Rezaian, Anna Apostolidou, Ivi Daskalaki
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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30 Journal Article

Ban Vinai: The Refugee Camp.

Authors Jeremy Hein, Lynellyn D. Long
Year 1994
Journal Name International Migration Review
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31 Journal Article

Exploring the Impact of Displacement and Encampment on Domestic Violence in Kakuma Refugee Camp

Authors R. Horn
Year 2010
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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32 Journal Article

Decentring migrant smuggling: reflections on the Eastern Mediterranean route to Europe

Authors Ahmet İçduygu
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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33 Journal Article

Ramallah (Palestinian refugee camp, Abu Nahid)

Authors P Lagerquist
Year 2002
Journal Name TLS-THE TIMES LITERARY SUPPLEMENT
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34 Journal Article

Arab others at European borders: racializing religion and refugees along theBalkan Route

Authors Piro Rexhepi
Year 2018
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
Citations (WoS) 2
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36 Journal Article

The Cinecitta Refugee Camp (1944-1950)

Authors Noa Steimatsky
Year 2009
Journal Name OCTOBER
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37 Journal Article

Justice in Site II Refugee Camp

Authors Sang Ha Pry
Year 1990
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
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38 Journal Article

People on the move in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Stuck in the Corridors to the EU

Description
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) have been part of the “Balkan route” for smuggling people, arms and drugs for decades, but also a migrant route for people who have been trying to reach Western Europe and the countries of the EU in order to save their lives and secure a future for themselves. While in 2015, when millions of people arrived in Europe over a short period of time, BiH was bypassed by mass movements, the situation started changing after the closure of the EU borders in 2016, and later on, in 2017, with the increase of violence and push backs in Croatia, and other countries at the EU borders. This report offers insight into the situation on the field: is there a system responsible for protection, security, and upholding fundamental human rights? What has the state response been like? What is the role of the international community?
Year 2019
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39 Report

From subsistence to resistance: Asylum-seekers and the other ‘Occupy’ in Hong Kong

Authors Francesco Vecchio, Julie Ham
Year 2018
Journal Name Critical Social Policy
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40 Journal Article

The Power of Local Micro Structures in the Context of Refugee Camps

Authors Annett Bochmann
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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42 Journal Article

Flüchtlingslager. Geschichte einer humanitären Technologie

Principal investigator Joël Glasman (Principal Investigator)
Description
Humanitäre Nothilfe in Flüchtlingslagern ist in Afrika keine Ausnahmesituation. Seit einem halben Jahrhundert prägen Flüchtlingslager die Geschichte des Kontinents. Von der Entstehung des UNO Flüchtlingswerks (UNCHR, 1951) bis zu den heutigen Flüchtlingswellen aus der Zentralafrikanischen Republik nach Kamerun (2014) haben sich Flüchtlingslager als das dominante standardisierte Instrument für die Versorgung und Unterbringung von Flüchtlingen durchgesetzt. Anthropologen, Soziologen, Politologen und Geographen haben bereits wichtige Studien zu Flüchtlingslagern vorgelegt, historische Untersuchungen sind jedoch bisher ein Forschungsdesiderat. Das hier vorgestellte Projekt untersucht Flüchtlingslager als technisches Dispositiv der globalisierten humanitären Hilfe. Es analysiert wie seit der Gründung des UNHCR im Jahre 1951 ein Ensemble von physischen Artefakten (Zelte, Kits, Gegenständen), wissenschaftlichen Komponenten (Handbücher, Verfahren, Statistiken), Normen (Regeln, rechtlichen Kategorien) und Experten (Ingenieure, Ärzte, Stadtplaner, Architekten) entstanden ist. Das Projekt analysiert zunächst die Kontroversen um die Planung von Flüchtlingslagern, zweitens die Standardisierung von Verfahren, und drittens die kreative Anpassung der Lagertechniken durch die Hilfsempfänger. Empirisch konzentriert sich das Vorhaben auf drei Aspekte der Lagertechnologien: a) das Screening von Flüchtlingen, die durch die Auswertung der technical mission reports im Archiv von UNHCR in Genf Archiven analysiert wird; b) die Konzeption und Planung von Modelllagern, deren Entstehung in der Grauliteratur und Handbüchern des UNHCR nachgegangen wird und c) die Frage der Zuteilung der Hilfe, die durch Feldforschung und Experteninterviews in den Flüchtlingslagern um Meiganga (Nordosten von Kamerun) herausgearbeitet werden soll. Dieses Projekt kann als historische Analyse einen wichtigen Beitrag zum Schwerpunktprogramm leisten, indem es das Flüchtlingslager als Technik der humanitären Ordnung untersucht. Flüchtlingslager verknüpfen verschiedene Bereiche (Gesundheit, soziale Kategorisierung, juristische Normen, Sicherheitsfragen) und vernetzen verschiedene Akteure und Interessen (Experten, NGO Angestellte, Flüchtlinge, lokale Bevölkerung, usw.). Sie sind daher in ein gutes Beispiel, um die Artikulation von Visionen globaler Ordnungen und lokale Ordnungskonstellationen zu studieren.
Year 2015
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43 Project

Book Review: Ban Vinai: The Refugee Camp

Authors Jeremy Hein
Year 1994
Journal Name International Migration Review
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44 Journal Article

No Marines here - Pakistan's Jalozai Refugee Camp

Authors A Malook
Year 2002
Journal Name INDEX ON CENSORSHIP
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45 Journal Article

BAN-VINAI - THE REFUGEE CAMP - LONG,LD

Authors T Waters
Year 1994
Journal Name DISASTERS
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46 Journal Article

Identifying trafficked migrants and refugees along the Balkan route. Exploring the boundaries of exploitation, vulnerability and risk

Authors Anette Brunovskis, Rebecca Surtees
Year 2019
Journal Name Crime, Law & Social Change
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47 Journal Article

A Museum in a Refugee Camp. The National Museum of the Saharawi People in Algeria, Its Use and Function

Authors Gabriel Alcalde
Year 2017
Journal Name CURATOR-THE MUSEUM JOURNAL
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48 Journal Article

MEDICAL MISSION TO A REFUGEE CAMP IN THAILAND

Authors J ADLER, S SHEMER, E BODNER, ...
Year 1981
Journal Name DISASTERS
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49 Journal Article

Europe between Border Control and Refugee Protection. An Ethnography of the Maritime Border on the Mediterranean Sea

Authors Federica Benigni
Year 2012
Journal Name ZEITSCHRIFT FUR VOLKSKUNDE
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50 Journal Article

"I feel like I am less than other people": Health-related vulnerabilities of male migrants travelling alone on their journey to Europe

Year 2018
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
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52 Journal Article

Dynamic Migration Intentions and the Impact of Socio-Institutional Environments: A Transit Migration Hub in Turkey

Authors Marieke Wissink, Franck Düvell, Anouka van Eerdewijk
Year 2013
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 17
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53 Journal Article

Refugee Camp Security: Decreasing Vulnerability Through Demographic Controls

Authors R. A. I. Johnson
Year 2011
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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54 Journal Article

Nobody is going home from this refugee camp

Authors J Schechter
Year 2004
Journal Name QUALITATIVE INQUIRY
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55 Journal Article

Housing conditions in Palestinian refugee camps, Jordan

Authors Jamal Alnsour, Julia Meaton
Year 2014
Journal Name Cities
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57 Journal Article

Migration from Central and Eastern Europe to Turkey

Authors Tuğba Acar, Deniz Karcı Korfalı
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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58 Book Chapter

In Their Own Words: Mental Health and Quality of Life of West African Refugees in Nigeria

Authors O. O. Akinyemi, E. T. Owoaje, E. O. Cadmus
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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59 Journal Article

Local Currencies: A Potential Solution for Liquidity Problems in Refugee Camp Economies

Authors B. Ranalli
Year 2014
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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60 Journal Article

Kakuma Refugee Camp: Humanitarian Urbanism in Kenya's Accidental City

Authors Moulid Hujale
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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61 Journal Article

Migration and the Reproduction of Poverty: The Refugee Camps in Jordan

Authors Marwan Khawaja
Year 2003
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 6
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62 Journal Article

The socio-economic conditions of Jordan’s Palestinian camp refugees

Authors Åge Arild Tiltnes, Huafeng Zhang
Description
This report summarizes findings of two household surveys examining the living conditions of the Palestinian refugee-camp population in Jordan 2011, and examines how the living conditions have evolved since the late 1990s. It finds that people’s overall situation has improved, but that there are significant differences across camps and socio-economic groups, on many indicators.
Year 2014
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63 Report

Treatment of third country nationals at EU's external borders

Description
The project examines the treatment of third-country nationals at the external borders of the European Union in light of the existing fundamental rights framework. Two specific situations are taken into consideration: (1) treatment of third country nationals on the Southern maritime borders of the European Union (Phase I) and (2) treatment of third country nationals at selected land and airport border crossing points (Phase 2). The geographical scope of the research in Phase 1 covers 7 maritime border sectors in Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta and Spain; while in Phase 2 - eleven border crossing points at the external Schengen border, including six land border crossing points (BCPs between Bulgaria and Turkey, between Greece and Turkey, between Slovakia and Ukraine, between Hungary and Serbia, between Poland and Ukraine and between Spain and Morocco, and five border crossing points at selected airports (Paris C.d.Gaulle, Amsterdam/Schiphol, Rome/ Fiumicino, Frankfurt and Manchester). Phase 1 (Maritime borders) Objectives • to examine challenges that emerge during interception and rescue at sea and immediately after disembarkation of migrants • to enhance the protection of fundamental rights during rescue or interception operations at sea, by supporting those in charge of border management to deal with the fundamental rights challenges they may encounter on a daily basis. In Phase 1 the study is based on qualitative research with third country nationals, authorities, fishermen and shipmasters, non-participant observation at maritime borders, and focus group interviews with stakeholder groups, both in EU and third countries. Phase 2 (Land and airport border crossing points) Objectives • to review existing procedures and practices in order to identify whether third-country nationals are treated in accordance with applicable fundamental rights standards (complementation of the Schengen Evaluation system) • to review if commitments related to the Schengen Borders Code (respect for human dignity, non-refoulement, non-discriminatory conduct) are respected during first and second line border checks as well as in facilities used for persons refused admission. In Phase 2 the study is based on non-participant observation at border crossing points, quantitative and qualitative research with third country nationals, and interviews with civil society actors. Outcomes Maritime border research Empirical case studies (phase 1) • 7 case studies of maritime border sectors • 5 sets of country fact sheets (maritime borders), covering 7 themes • Comparative report of fundamental rights challenges relating to surveillance and control of maritime borders Human rights training related to rescue and interception at sea • 5 country reports on Fundamental Rights training • Recommendations for training of border guards Land and air border research • 11 case studies of border crossing points • 9 sets of country fact sheets on 4 themes • Comparative report on border crossing points
Year 2010
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64 Project

The daily governance of transit migration in Turkey at European Union borders: The two-way influence of Turkish-European Union border and migration management practices

Description
This project examines the daily governance of ‘transit’ migration by Turkish political and security professionals at the European Union (EU) borders. It draws upon a sociological approach that focuses on migration and border management practices by Turkish authorities within everyday forms of ‘risk’ governance. In particular, the research explores the two-way influence of EU and Turkish risk ‘perceptions’ and risk ‘technologies’ in relation to transit migration and investigates how such interaction affects daily experiences of migrants and gives way to new intentions, struggles and mobilities. The research applies a triangulated methodology based on genealogy, qualitative interviews and ethnographic research. Data collection will take place at Turkey's two land border crossing points and at one sea border crossing point with the EU as well as in Ankara. Thus, the project is empirically, theoretically and methodologically original and makes a timely intervention into current debates over migration pressures facing the EU from Turkish territories, especially with regard to the increasing number of Syrian refugees in Turkey and ongoing conflicts in the Middle East. The research will take place at the University of Amsterdam under the supervision of Prof. Marieke de Goede, who is an advanced scholar in risk and security governance in Europe. The fellowship will significantly impact on my academic skills through a two-way transfer of knowledge with the host institution that has substantial expertise in critical security studies. It will enhance my career options in finding a tenure-track position in Europe as I will dedicate my time to deepen my academic knowledge, make international, peer-reviewed publications and expand my international network. The research will add to the European research excellence in critical security studies and produce results with the societal impact of raising awareness about Turkey becoming a key country of transit migration and immigration
Year 2015
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65 Project

Singapore as a nexus of migration corridors: Theqiaopisystem and diasporic heritage

Authors Hong Liu, Huimei Zhang
Year 2020
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
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66 Journal Article

Digital Humanitarianism and the Visual Politics of the Refugee Camp: (Un)Seeing Control

Authors Delf Rothe, Christiane Fröhlich, Juan Miguel Rodriguez Lopez
Year 2020
Journal Name International Political Sociology
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67 Journal Article

“After Calais”: creating and managing (in)security for refugees in Europe

Authors Jane Freedman
Year 2018
Journal Name French Politics
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68 Journal Article

Migrants and Refugees at the Borders of Europe: Qualifying through Suffering, Bare Life and Paradoxical Agency

Authors Estela Schindel
Year 2017
Journal Name REVISTA DE ESTUDIOS SOCIALES
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69 Journal Article

Empirical lessons regarding contraception in a protracted refugee setting: A descriptive study from Maela camp on the Thai-Myanmar border 1996-2015

Authors Somjet Srikanok, Rose McGready, Daniel Parker, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name PLoS ONE
Citations (WoS) 6
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71 Journal Article

“Greece is like a door, you go through it to get to Europe”: Understanding Afghan migration to Europe

Authors Angeliki DIMITRIADI
Description
The main issues highlighted in the report of IRMA research programme are the role of asylum as primary reason for migration, and the importance of capital as the main parameter of successful migration. The smuggler is the key actor underscoring all discussions, holding multiple roles; from facilitator of mobility, to source of information, or disruptor to the migratory project. The choice of destination and the limited information informants actually have, are discussed, as well as the role of Turkey as a hub for collection of information, but mostly of money to continue the journey. The border crossing for both entry and exit is discussed in relation to policies in Greece and particular border fencing and increased deterrence of entry. Finally, the text highlights the issue of detention, as the key policy in place at the time of writing that appears to have impacted heavily both the migratory route but also the decision of Afghans to leave Greece, either via transit (where possible) or via return to Afghanistan.
Year 2015
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72 Report

Children and nationalism in a Palestinian refugee camp in Jordan

Authors J Hart
Year 2002
Journal Name CHILDHOOD-A GLOBAL JOURNAL OF CHILD RESEARCH
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73 Journal Article

Maternal health, war, and religious tradition: Authoritative knowledge in Pujehun district, Sierra Leone

Authors Amara Jambai, C MacCormack
Year 1996
Journal Name MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY QUARTERLY
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74 Journal Article

TUBERCULOSIS IN A REFUGEE CAMP - A CAMPAIGN TO REDUCE TRANSMISSION

Authors L TOSCANI, M RICHARD
Year 1988
Journal Name DISASTERS
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75 Journal Article

Do Human Rights Transcend Citizenship? Lessons from the Buduburam Refugee Camp

Authors Tehila Sagy
Year 2014
Journal Name SOCIAL & LEGAL STUDIES
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76 Journal Article

Health and human rights advocacy: Perspectives from a Rwandan refugee camp

Authors Carol Pavlish, Anita Ho, Ann-Marie Rounkle
Year 2012
Journal Name NURSING ETHICS
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77 Journal Article

Intersecting social structures and human actors: Ganfoso refugees’ settling experiences and impact on children’s education

Authors Beatrice Akua-Sakyiwah
Year 2020
Journal Name Comparative Migration Studies
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78 Journal Article

An Improvised Dispositif : Invisible Urban Planning in the Refugee Camp

Authors Lucas Oesch
Year 2020
Journal Name International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
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79 Journal Article

AN ETHIOPIAN REFUGEE CAMP IN SUDAN - THE PROBLEM OF TUBERCULOSIS

Authors M BIZUNEH
Year 1980
Journal Name DISASTERS
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80 Journal Article

The plights of Eritrean refugees in the Shimelba Refugee Camp, Ethiopia

Authors Natnael Terefe Arega
Year 2017
Journal Name International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care
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81 Journal Article

Boat migration across the Central Mediterranean: drivers, experiences and responses

Authors S McMahon, N Sigona
Description
In 2015 an estimated 1,011,712 people crossed the Mediterranean to Europe in search of safety and a better life. 3,770 are known to have died trying to make this journey1. Funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Department for International Development (DfID), the MEDMIG project examines the dynamics, determinants, drivers and infrastructures underpinning this recent migration across and loss of life in the Mediterranean. This research brief presents some of our findings in relation to the Central Mediterranean route from North Africa to Italy and Malta, exploring the dynamics of migration before, during and after the sea crossing. We will place particular focus on the motivations, routes and experiences of those making the journey and local, national and European Union (EU) policy responses.
Year 2016
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82 Report

Greek Policies on Migration and Asylum: An Exercise in Creative Ambiguity

Authors Angeliki Dimitriadi
Book Title Irregular Afghan Migration to Europe
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83 Book Chapter

The human smuggling industry : nuances and complexities

Authors Luigi ACHILLI
Year 2018
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84 Working Paper

Traiskirchen and the Language of the Law in Daniel Zipfel's novel Eine Handvoll Rosinen (2015)

Authors Sandra Vlasta
Year 2018
Journal Name AUSTRIAN STUDIES
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85 Journal Article

Humans and Animals in a Refugee Camp: Baquba, Iraq, 1918-20

Authors Benjamin Thomas White
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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86 Journal Article

Public health in the Calais refugee camp: environment, health and exclusion

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Year 2018
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Year 2008
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Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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89 Journal Article

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Journal Name DISASTERS
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Year 2016
Journal Name NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW
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91 Journal Article

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Journal Name Refugee Survey Quarterly
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Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT & REFUGEE STUDIES
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Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF CRITICAL REALISM
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96 Journal Article

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98 Book

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Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT & REFUGEE STUDIES
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100 Journal Article
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