Migration infrastructures

The emerging field of migration infrastructures sheds light on the processes that occur between the decision to migrate is made and arrival in the receiving country. It primarily asks the question of how people migrate, taking the perspective of the receiving country in three different angles: First, it focuses on regular and irregular, commercial and non-commercial actors facilitating migration, including visa brokers, work recruitment agencies, marriage migration platforms, human smugglers and humanitarian organisations. Then, it looks at the logistics of migration, exploring the role of routes, transit hubs and means of transportation. Finally, it investigates how digital technologies like the internet and social media shape mobility and influence migratory pathways.

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Crackdown on NGOs and volunteers helping refugees and other migrants

Authors Lina Vosyliūtė, Carmine Conte, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Description
This report synthesises previous ReSOMA briefs concerning the crackdown on NGOs and volunteers helping refugees and other migrants. Section 1 captures the main issues and controversies in the debate on the policing of humanitarianism and the potential impacts of EU and national anti-migrant smuggling policies on civil society actors. This section has drawn on academic research in this area, and in particular on CEPS expertise in this field. Section 2 provides an overview of the possible policy options to address this phenomenon taking stock of the ongoing policy debate on solutions and alternatives. Section 3 aims to identify and quantify criminal cases of individuals, volunteers and NGOs providing humanitarian assistance to migrants in the European Union. This monitoring exercise has been carried out by MPG through ReSOMA’s collaborative and participatory process involving experts from NGOs, researchers and other stakeholders. Section 4 provides overall summary conclusions and recommendations to end the crackdown on NGOs and to prevent further policing of civil society. The final section proposes approaches to returning responsibility to EU actors, to be further explored by the ReSOMA platform, with a focus on good governance, human rights defenders, and the protection of humanitarian space inside the EU.
Year 2019
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1 Report

Strategic litigation: the role of EU and international law in criminalising humanitarianism

Authors Carmine Conte, Seán Binder, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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2 Policy Brief

Crackdown on NGOs assisting refugees and other migrants

Authors Lina Lina Vosyliūtė, Carmine Conte, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2018
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3 Policy Brief

The increasing use of detention of asylum seekers and irregular migrants in the EU

Authors Carmine Conte, Valentina Savazzi, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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4 Policy Brief

Human Smuggling from/via North Africa and Turkey to Greece

Authors Thanos Maroukis, Anna Triandafyllidou
Book Title Migrant Smuggling
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5 Book Chapter

Supporting the social inclusion of the undocumented: Options for the 2021 to 2027 MFF

Authors Alexander Wolffhardt, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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6 Policy Brief

Comprehensive and mainstreamed, longer-term support for the integration of migrants: Options for the 2021 to 2027 MFF

Authors Alexander Wolffhardt, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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12 Policy Brief

Migration as a Business: The Case of Trafficking

Authors John Salt, Jeremy Stein
Year 1997
Journal Name International Migration
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15 Journal Article

Integration Policies: Who Benefits?

Authors Thomas Huddleston, Elena Sánchez-Montijano, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2015
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26 Policy Brief

Caught in the Crossfire: Challenges to Migrant Protection in the Yemeni and Libyan Conflicts

Authors Danielle Flanagan
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal on Migration and Human Security
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35 Journal Article

When refugees stopped being migrants: Movement, labour and humanitarian protection

Authors K. Long
Year 2013
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 31
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38 Journal Article

The Criminalization of Human and Humanitarian Smuggling

Authors Scott Watson
Year 2015
Journal Name Migration, Mobility, & Displacement
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40 Journal Article

Travellers and their journeys: A dynamic conceptualization of transient migrants' and backpackers' behaviour and experiences on the road

Authors J. Schapendonk, I. van Liempt, B. Spierings
Year 2015
Journal Name Migration Studies
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42 Journal Article

Developmental borderwork and the International Organization for Migration

Authors Philippe M. Frowd
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 2
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43 Journal Article

Transnational journeys and the limits of hometown resources: Salvadoran migration in uncertain times

Authors Noelle K. Brigden
Year 2015
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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44 Journal Article

Human Rights of Migrants: Challenges of the New Decade

Authors Patrick A. Taran
Year 2001
Journal Name International Migration
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45 Journal Article

Migration from Central and Eastern Europe to Turkey

Authors Tuğba Acar, Deniz Karcı Korfalı
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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46 Book Chapter

Capital and mobility in the stepwise international migrations of Filipino migrant domestic workers

Authors Anju Mary Paul
Year 2015
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 8
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47 Journal Article

Migrant workers’ wage offers: the paradox of the involvement of recruitment intermediaries

Authors Bilesha Weeraratne
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Studies
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48 Journal Article

Who is reshaping public opinion on the EU’s migration policies?

Authors Thomas Huddleston, Hind Sharif, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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49 Policy Brief

Smuggling of Rohingyas from Myanmar to Malaysia: A Threat to Human Security

Authors Andika Ab Wahab, Aizat Khairi
Year 2020
Journal Name AKADEMIKA
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50 Journal Article

Human smuggling to and through Germany

Authors Matthias Neske
Year 2006
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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51 Journal Article

Human smuggling, border deaths and the migration apparatus

Authors F. Duvell
Year 2014
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 3
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52 Journal Article

Regulating Movement of the Very Mobile: Selected Legal and Policy Aspects of Ukrainian Migration to EU Countries

Authors Monika Szulecka
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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56 Book Chapter

Protection of Migrants' Human Rights: Principles and Practice

Authors Heikki S. Mattila
Year 2001
Journal Name International Migration
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58 Journal Article

Migrant smuggling : irregular migration from Asia and Africa to Europe

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, Thanos MAROUKIS
Year 2012
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60 Book

Migrant Smuggling: A Social Business

Authors Thanos Maroukis, Anna Triandafyllidou
Book Title Migrant Smuggling
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62 Book Chapter

Migrant Smuggling: Irregular Migration from Asia and Africa to Europe

Authors Anna Triandafyllidou, Thanos Maroukis
Year 2012
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64 Book

Illegal migration: What can we know and what can we explain? The case of Germany

Authors F Heckmann
Year 2004
Journal Name International Migration Review
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65 Journal Article

Migration Control à la Khartoum: EU External Engagement and Human Rights Protection in the Horn of Africa

Authors Lutz Oette, Mohamed Abdelsalam Babiker
Year 2017
Journal Name Refugee Survey Quarterly
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67 Journal Article

Some aspects of ukrainian legislative reform relating to combating against human trafficking

Authors Lyudmila DAVYDOVYCH, Valentina SUBOTENKO
Description
The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.
Year 2013
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68 Report

Illegal Migration: What Can We Know And What Can We Explain? The Case of Germany1

Authors Friedrich Heckmann
Year 2006
Journal Name International Migration Review
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70 Journal Article

What do we know about the International Organization for Migration?

Authors Antoine Pécoud
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 10
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71 Journal Article

Brokers, channels, infrastructure: moving migrant labor in the Indonesian-Malaysian oil palm complex

Authors Johan Lindquist
Year 2017
Journal Name Mobilities
Citations (WoS) 6
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72 Journal Article

Irregular Migration and Human Rights: Theoretical, European and International Perspectives

Authors Ryszard Cholewinski, Barbara Bogusz, Adam Cygan, ...
Year 2018
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75 Book

Trafficking and Human Smuggling: A European Perspective

Authors John Salt
Year 2000
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 91
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76 Journal Article

‘For us, Migration is Ordinary’: Post-1989 Labour Migration from Bulgaria to Turkey

Authors Ayse Parla
Book Title Migration in the Southern Balkans
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79 Book Chapter

Regional organizations and intra-regional migration in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and prospects

Authors A Adepoju
Year 2001
Journal Name International Migration
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81 Journal Article

Crossing Mexico: Structural violence and the commodification of undocumented Central American migrants

Authors WENDY A. VOGT
Year 2013
Journal Name American Ethnologist
Citations (WoS) 69
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82 Journal Article

Brokers and the Organization of Recruitment of 'Global Talent' by Japanese Firms-A Migration Perspective

Authors Harald Conrad, Hendrik Meyer-Ohle
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE JAPAN JOURNAL
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83 Journal Article

National Immigration and Integration Policies in Europe Since 1973

Authors María Bruquetas-Callejo, Jeroen Doomernik
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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86 Book Chapter

Migrant smuggling : novel insights and implications for migration control policies

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2018
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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87 Journal Article

Cross-Border Migration and Human Trafficking in Ethiopia: Contributing Factors, Policy Responses and the Way Forward

Authors Messay M. Tefera
Year 2019
Journal Name Fudan journal of the humanities and social sciences, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 323-339
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89 Journal Article

Ukrainian Migration to Poland: A “Local” Mobility?

Authors Marta Kindler, Zuzanna Brunarska, Monika Szulecka, ...
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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90 Book Chapter

Smuggled and Trafficked Unaccompanied Minors: Towards a Coherent, Protection-Based Approach in International Law

Authors Joseph Lelliott
Year 2017
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
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91 Journal Article

States and Migration Industries in Taiwan, Japan and South Korea

Authors Kristin SURAK
Year 2011
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93 Working Paper

Can we put an end to human smuggling?

Authors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Year 2015
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94 Policy Brief

The Colours of Exploitation: Smuggling of Rohingyas from Myanmar to Malaysia

Authors Andika Ab. Wahab
Year 2018
Journal Name AKADEMIKA
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95 Journal Article

Migrant agency: Negotiating borders and migration controls

Authors Ċetta Mainwaring
Year 2016
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 11
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96 Journal Article

Unaccompanied minors, migration control and human rights at the EU’s southern border: The role and limits of civil society activism

Authors Roxana Barbulescu, Jean Grugel
Year 2016
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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97 Journal Article

International Organization for Migration in the field: ‘walking the talk’ of global migration management in Manila

Authors Pauline Gardiner Barber, Catherine Bryan
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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98 Journal Article

Troubling freedom: Migration, debt, and modern slavery

Authors J. O'Connell Davidson
Year 2013
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 47
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99 Journal Article

MAPS – Migrants And People Smugglers: A Comparative Study of Smuggling Networks in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Central American corridors

Description
To what extent is human smuggling a criminal enterprise driven by solidarity and cooperation? This is the question that my project “MAPS – Migrants And People Smugglers” addresses through a comparative study – of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Central American smuggling corridors. Having almost concluded my research in the Eastern Mediterranean corridor, the project will concentrate almost exclusively on the Central American route in order to identify similarities and differences in the organizational structures of smuggling networks, the smuggler-migrant relationship, and the profile of the facilitators. MAPS seeks to make a contribution to studies on Human Smuggling and Irregular Migration, where there is a keen interest in – yet still insufficient knowledge about – the interaction between migrants and facilitators and where criminological perspectives still dominate the debate. MAPS adopts a critical perspective and departs from the idea that smugglers obey only to a profit making logic. Inviting instead for a more complex understanding of their roles, it argues that human smuggling is embedded within ethnic networks and local economies, which are grounded on deep notions of solidarity and reciprocity. By expanding current knowledge around smuggling and its related policies, the project also aims to provide an empirical platform for policy engagement. In order to achieve its research aims, I will be based at the San Diego State University (SDSU), located at the proximities of the US/Mexican border and renown for being a centre of excellence on migratory trends from Central American. Here, I will be trained in Critical Criminology, Hispanic Studies and Social Network Analysis under the supervision of Prof Sheldon Zhang. Upon returning to my European host institution, the EUI, I will bring my new skills and further improve my policy and dissemination training under the supervision of Prof Triandafyllidou at the Cultural Pluralism Area of the GGP (EUI).
Year 2017
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100 Project
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