Environmental migration

Environmental migration occurs when people choose, or are forced to leave their homes due to sudden or progressive changes in the environment. Terms such as climate change refugee and environmental refugee have been used to describe this population (IOM, 2014). Research in this category includes studies on natural versus anthropogenic climate change, the interaction between environmental and non-environmental factors, disasters, consequences, and migrant rights and experiences.

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'Climate Change Migrants': Impediments to a Protection Framework and the Need to Incorporate Migration into Climate Change Adaptation Strategies

Authors L. Nishimura
Year 2015
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
Citations (WoS) 2
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1 Journal Article

Migration and Climate Change

Authors the late Graeme Hugo, Graeme Hugo
Year 2013
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2 Book

The Mediation of Climate Change Induced Migration. Implications for meaningful media discourse and empowerment of key intermediaries to raise public awareness

Description
The IKETIS project will seek to raise awareness in the UK of the need for action to address climate change induced migration and will focus on the mediation of the climate refugees’ issue. The first aim of the action is to understand the representational practices that shape media and NGOs discourse about climate refugees. The second aim is to build capacity of journalists, NGOs and policy-makers, key intermediaries in the mediation of climate change induced migration, to enhance social support for policy actions. Together, both aims contribute to the transformation of how climate change induced migration is perceived and provide new patterns of critical thinking and civic engagement. The research consists of four phases: i) identify the policy, institutional and definitional factors that may impede meaningful media discourse on the issue ii) perform critical discourse analysis (image and text) and frame analysis of the representations of climate change induced migration of UK online news media iii) using these findings, then move on to examine how UK humanitarian and environmental NGOs utilise and challenge frames identified by online news media coverage of climate displacement and iv) based on the understanding of the representational practices that formulate climate refugees mediated discourse, promote climate justice approach to frame climate change and build capacity of journalists, NGOs and policy-makers to best use climate justice approach through e-learning strategies. This training-through research scheme will provide the applicant with the necessary skills to develop competences in media theory, visual communication, critical discourse and frame analysis and digital media research and plan an academic career track for a better integration into the academic community, while the applicant will be of specific benefit to the research-informed teaching that forms the basis of the host institution’s approach to undergraduate and postgraduate teaching practice.
Year 2017
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3 Project

Climate Refugees Study

Principal investigator Albert Kraler (Project Coordinator)
Description
Against the background of climate change, the study of environmentally induced displacement has become increasingly significant. Objectives • to provide a systematic review of the legal aspects of climate related displacement. • to analyse to what extent the current EU framework for immigration and asulum in general and the specific instruments in regard to asylum in particular already offer adequate responses to climate induced displacement. • to assess how the legal framework could evolve in order to provide an improved response to the phenomenon of climate refugees. • to clarify in which way such a modified legal framework can be rooted in the Lisbon Treaty. Outcomes The analysis reviews both the status quo as well as the possible evolution of the policy framework in place in order to arrive at more comprehensive responses to environmentally induced migration, while establishing the possible legal bases of different types of responses within the Treaty of Lisbon. • The first part of the study aims to develop a typology of environmentally induced migration which serves as a basis for identifying adequate policy responses, and in particular for different forms and dimensions of this phenomenon. • The second part focuses on a revision of the global debates on policy responses to environmentally induced displacement, which embeds the analysis of the European policy context in wider global policy debates and provides the framework under which the European policy framework is analysed. • The third and core part of the study looks at the policy framework in place at the level of the European Union to identify possible policy responses under the current EU policy framework that would address environmentally induced displacement as well as gaps and possible directions how this framework can evolve.
Year 2011
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4 Project

Climate Change Impacts on Migration and Urbanization

Principal investigator Ruud Koopmans (Principal Investigator), Marc Helbling (Principal Investigator)
Description
Millions of international migrants have recently sought refuge in Europe, animating debates about the best ways to manage migration. Even more people are being displaced within their home countries every year due to natural disasters like floods and storms; and underlying these sudden events is a steady flow of people leaving their rural livelihoods behind and flocking to the cities in an ongoing trend towards urbanization. Across spatial scales, humanity is on the move. And, that much is clear, climate change plays a role in this: whether in the form of unprecedented droughts that drive people to abandon their fields (as likely happened in Syria just before the war) or through differential impacts on countries’ economies that widen the income gaps and fuel international migration. But how large are the effects of climate change - and how do they interact across spatial scales? Little to no quantitative research is available, and the numbers that have been proposed (e.g. of “environmental refugees”) are often crude estimates, and are highly contested. IMPETUS aims for a unified, quantitative modeling approach to understand the linkages between migration, urbanization, and climate change. To this end, the project combines interdisciplinary expertise from climate change, migration, and urban development. The project will not only provide a better understanding of the relevant environmental and social processes, but also provide valuable data - including projections of future migration and urbanization under climate change - to science and policymakers. This may contribute to anticipating political and humanitarian crises and improving migration policies, as well as climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts, in a rapidly changing world.
Year 2018
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5 Project

Introduction: understanding the links between population dynamics and climate change

Authors Adrian C. Hayes, Susana B. Adamo
Year 2014
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 1
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6 Journal Article

People on the Move in a Changing Climate

Authors Frank Laczko, Etienne Piguet
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7 Book

Research on climate change and migration where are we and where are we going?

Authors Elizabeth Ferris
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Studies
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8 Journal Article

The emerging New Zealand jurisprudence on climate change, disasters and displacement

Authors J. McAdam
Year 2015
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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9 Journal Article

Migration or Forced Displacement?: The Complex Choices of Climate Change and Disaster Migrants in Shishmaref, Alaska and Nanumea, Tuvalu

Authors Elizabeth Marino, Heather Lazrus
Year 2015
Journal Name HUMAN ORGANIZATION
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10 Journal Article

Assessing the relative contribution of economic, political and environmental factors on past conflict and the displacement of people in East Africa

Authors Erin Llwyd Owain, Mark Maslin
Year 2018
Journal Name PALGRAVE COMMUNICATIONS
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11 Journal Article

Theoretical, methodological and statistical problems of studying environmental migration

Authors Artem S. Lukyanets, Sergey Ryazantsev, Anastasia Sergeevna Maksimova, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name AMAZONIA INVESTIGA
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13 Journal Article

Climate change and forced migrations: An effort towards recognizing climate refugees

Authors Issa Ibrahim Berchin, Isabela Blasi Valduga, Jéssica Garcia, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name Geoforum
Citations (WoS) 6
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14 Journal Article

Regional Perspectives on Migration, the Environment and Climate Change

Authors Etienne Piguet, Frank Laczko
Book Title People on the Move in a Changing Climate
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15 Book Chapter

The uneven geography of research on “environmental migration”

Authors Etienne Piguet, Raoul Kaenzig, Jérémie Guélat
Year 2018
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 9
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18 Journal Article

Moving Beyond the Focus on Environmental Migration Towards Recognizing the Normality of Translocal Lives: Insights from Bangladesh

Authors Bishawjit Mallick, Benjamin Etzold
Book Title Migration, Risk Management and Climate Change: Evidence and Policy Responses
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19 Book Chapter

Recovery Migration After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Spatial Concentration and Intensification in the Migration System

Authors Katherine J. Curtis, Elizabeth Fussell, Jack DeWaard
Year 2015
Journal Name Demography
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20 Journal Article

Disasters, migrations, and the unintended consequences of urbanization: What’s the harm in getting out of harm’s way?

Authors Christopher Wolsko, Elizabeth Marino
Year 2016
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 3
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21 Journal Article

Does climate change influence people’s migration decisions in Maldives?

Authors Ilan KELMAN, Justyna ORLOWSKA, Himani UPADHYAY, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name Climatic change, 2019, OnlineFirst
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26 Journal Article

Toward Special Mobility Rights for Climate Migrants

Authors Nicole Marshall
Year 2015
Journal Name ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS
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29 Journal Article

Environmental Change and (Im)Mobility in the South

Authors Eberhard Weber
Book Title A New Perspective on Human Mobility in the South
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30 Book Chapter

MECLEP: Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Evidence for Policy

Description
The European Union-funded “Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Evidence for Policy” (MECLEP) project was implemented between January 2014 and March 2017. The project aimed to contribute to the global knowledge base on the relationship between migration and environmental and change. More specifically, it aimed to formulate policy options on how migration, including displacement and planned relocation, can benefit adaptation strategies to environmental and climate change. It involved research (desk reviews, household surveys and qualitative interviews), capacity-building and dialogue and knowledge sharing activities.
Year 2014
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32 Project

A l’envers: Setting the Stage for a Protective Environment to Deal with ‘Climate Refugees’ in Europe

Authors Elisa Fornalé
Year 2020
Journal Name European Journal of Migration and Law
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33 Journal Article

What can we learn from the practice of development-forced displacement and resettlement for organised resettlements in response to climate change?

Authors Brooke Wilmsen, Michael Webber
Year 2015
Journal Name Geoforum
Citations (WoS) 34
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34 Journal Article

Visualizing Climate-Refugees: Race, Vulnerability, and Resilience in Global Liberal Politics

Authors Chris Methmann
Year 2014
Journal Name International Political Sociology
Citations (WoS) 6
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37 Journal Article

Contrasted Views on Environmental Change and Migration: the Case of Tuvaluan Migration to New Zealand

Authors Shawn Shen, Francois Gemenne
Year 2011
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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38 Journal Article

Trapped in the prison of the mind: Notions of climate-induced (im)mobility decision-making and wellbeing from an urban informal settlement in Bangladesh

Authors Sonja Ayeb-Karlsson, Dominic Kniveton, Terry Cannon
Year 2020
Journal Name PALGRAVE COMMUNICATIONS
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39 Journal Article

‘Floods’ of migrants, flows of care: Between climate displacement and global care chains

Authors Nigel Clark, Giovanni Bettini
Year 2017
Journal Name The Sociological Review
Citations (WoS) 1
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40 Journal Article

Les Deltas Asiatiques comme champ d'observation et de la recherche sur les migrations et les stratégies d'adaptation au changement climatique

Principal investigator Sylvie Fanchette (Principal Investigator)
Description
Deltas are coastal Social Political Environmental Systems (SPES) characterised by the interplay between rivers, lands and oceans, influenced by a combination of riverine and oceanic processes, shaped by human interventions under strong state water control management policies. Deltas provide numerous resources such as fertile land and water for irrigated and intensive agriculture, fisheries, abundant biodiversity as well as non-farm activities. Thanks to their location at the interface of lower valleys and the sea, and their fluvial connections, trade and exchange have flourished and led to the development and expansion of some of the world’s largest metropolises. Asia is home to the largest and most populated deltas in the world. However, deltas are recognised as one of the most vulnerable coastal environments. They face a range of threats operating at multiple scales, from global climate change (CC) and sea-level rise (SLR) to various hazards (floods, erosion, salinization, subsidence), local anthropogenic activities and land use changes. Deltas are relevant sites for adaptation to CC studies, given they are dynamic systems where communities have a long record of adapting to natural hazards and are accustomed to being highly exposed to environmental risks. Local populations whose livelihoods depend on natural resources have adapted in different ways to live with floods. Objectives The MOVINDELTAS project intends to understand the challenges for deltaic populations when their livelihoods are at risk due to environmental/climatic and global economic changes, and their adaptive capacity sustainability through the current scenarios in the Ganges-Brahmapoutra-Meghna and Mekong deltas. The project approach isinterdisciplinary, multi-scale and long term(past history experiences and forecasting) from four perspectives: i) a physical and environmental assessment of risks posed by multi-hazards linked to adaptive strategies, ii) a socio-economic vulnerability assessment of the population exposed to these hazards, iii) an assessment of the population and local stakeholders’ perception of risk in the risk hotspots, and iv) a projection of how the risk is expected to evolve in the coming decades, with climate changes in the GBM and Mekong deltas. Through its various components, MOVINDELTAS aims to meet several specific objectives: Enhance the understanding of the dynamics of deltaic Social Political Environmental Systems (SPES), and the level of sustainability of deltaic population livelihoods under multi-hazard environmental change. Define the complexity of new patterns of mobility and immobility/migration and non-migration, (involuntary) displacement and translocal livelihoods (across multiple locations, gender, cultures and social classes) in delta regions defined as risk hotspots. Assess the various adaptive strategies and community responses to multi-hazards under expected environmental change in risk hotspots, through model-scenarios/CC in a new context of global CC. Conduct an in-depth and evidence-based analysis of the differentiated perceptions, sensitivity and experiences of men and women in their strategies for coping with environmental, global and climate changes. Include stakeholders in an iterative consultative process throughout the project in order to better understand their perspectives, develop informed models and maximise the potential impact of policy response. Under this specific objective, experience sharing between deltas and the use of local knowledge on adaptation strategies in vulnerable flood deltas will allow future learning, and contribute to the sustainability of the proposed methodology. In fact, the Nile delta is the perfect environmental configuration for a test case as it has several converging and divergent parameters characteristic of South-East-Asia. Partnerships : 27 partners from 4 European countries (France, UK, Germany and Netherland), 4 Asian countries (Vietnam, Cambodia, India, Bangladesh) and Egypt.
Year 2018
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42 Project

Climate Change & Migration: What is the Role for Migration Policies?

Authors Albert Kraler, Tatiana Cernei Cernei, Marion Noack
Year 2012
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43 Policy Brief

Climate variability and human migration in the Netherlands, 1865–1937

Authors Julia A. Jennings, Clark L. Gray
Year 2015
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 7
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46 Journal Article

Climate Barbarians at the Gate? A critique of apocalyptic narratives on ‘climate refugees’

Authors Giovanni Bettini
Year 2013
Journal Name Geoforum
Citations (WoS) 112
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49 Journal Article

Exploring the consequences of climate-related displacement for just resilience in Vietnam

Authors Fiona Miller
Year 2020
Journal Name Urban Studies
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50 Journal Article

Migration as an Adaptation Strategy for Atoll Island States

Authors Lilian Yamamoto, Miguel Esteban
Year 2017
Journal Name International Migration
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58 Journal Article

Implications of Climate Change for Children in Developing Countries

Authors Rema Hanna, Paulina Oliva
Year 2016
Journal Name FUTURE OF CHILDREN
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59 Journal Article

Histories of the Unprecedented: Climate Change, Environmental Transformations, and Displacement in the United States

Authors Uwe Luebken
Year 2019
Journal Name OPEN LIBRARY OF HUMANITIES
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63 Journal Article

Human Migration and Displacement in the Context of Adaptation to Climate Change: The Cancun Adaptation Framework and Potential for Future Action

Authors Koko Warner
Year 2012
Journal Name Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy
Citations (WoS) 27
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64 Journal Article

Tradable immigration quotas

Authors Jesus FERNÁNDEZ-HUERTAS MORAGA, Hillel RAPOPORT
Year 2014
Journal Name Journal of public economics, 2016, Vol. 141, pp. 11–28
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65 Journal Article

CLIMATES OF MIGRATION: Klimawandel und Umweltmigration in historischer Perspektive -- Teilprojekt Desaster Migration: Klimatisch-meteorologische Katastrophen als Auslöser von Wanderungsbewegu

Principal investigator Uwe Lübken (Principal Investigator)
Description
Mit der globalen Erwärmung und dem Anstieg der Meeresspiegel hat auch ein Thema Konjunktur, das bis vor kurzem noch gar nicht auf der wissenschaftlichen Agenda stand: Klimamigration. Die Folgen des Klimawandels, so wird befürchtet, könnten die Lebensgrundlagen von Millionen von Menschen derart radikal verändern, dass ihnen kaum noch eine andere Wahl als die (Klima-) Flucht bzw. Migration bleibt. Das vom BMBF geförderte Forschungsprojekt Climates of Migration hat die aktuellen Debatten zum Anlass genommen, den Zusammenhang zwischen Umweltveränderungen und Migration aus historischer Perspektive zu analysieren, denn klimatische und andere Umweltfaktoren haben auch in der Vergangenheit eine große Rolle für Ansiedlungsentscheidungen, Anpassungsstrategien und die Mobilität von Gesellschaften gespielt. Konkret hat das gemeinsame Projekt des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts Essen (KWI) und des Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society der LMU München (RCC) den Zusammenhang zwischen Klimaschwankungen, Hungerkrisen und Migration, die Bedeutung von Klimaaspekten für die Besiedlung einer Region sowie die displacement-Effekte von Naturkatastrophen untersucht. Insgesamt haben sich sieben Forscherinnen und Forscher aus verschiedenen Disziplinen mit Themen wie Hungersnöten in Irland und den daraus resultierenden Abwanderungseffekten, Migrationsbewegungen im Norden Mexikos, die durch die großflächige Abholzung von Waldflächen verursacht wurden, oder der schwierigen Entscheidung von Bewohnern sinkender Inseln, etwa im Pazifik oder in der Cheaspeake Bay, wie mit dem drohenden Verlust der Lebensgrundlage umgegangen werden sollte, befasst.
Year 2010
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68 Project

What we learned from the Dust Bowl: lessons in science, policy, and adaptation

Authors Robert A. McLeman, Juliette Dupre, Konrad Gajewski, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 43
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70 Journal Article

Using EU aid to address the root causes of migration and refugee flows

Authors Heliodoro TEMPRANO ARROYO
Year 2019
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71 Book

Health Disorder of Climate Migrants in Khulna City: An Urban Slum Perspective

Authors Muhammad Abdur Rahaman, Khalid Md. Bahauddin, Shakil Khan, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name International Migration
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72 Journal Article

The Development of Innovative Integration Models in Los Angeles

Authors Linda Lopez
Year 2020
Journal Name ANNALS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
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74 Journal Article

Klimawandel, Umweltveränderungen und Migration: Sozial-ökologische Bedingungen von Bevölkerungsbewegungen am Beispiel der Sahelländer Mali und Senegal

Principal investigator Martin Doevenspeck (Principal Investigator ), Diana Hummel (Principal Investigator ), Cyrus Samimi (Principal Investigator ), Wolfgang Lutz (Principal Investigator )
Description
Das interdisziplinäre Forschungsprojekt MICLE beschäftigt sich mit den Umweltwandel und Migration in Mali und Senegal. Politiker und Wissenschaftler bezeichnen den Klimawandel als eine der größten Bedrohungen für menschliche Entwicklung in Afrika und sagen massive Bevölkerungsbewegungen als Folge einer zunehmenden Zahl von Extremereignissen wie Dürren, von zunehmender Wasserknappheit, Abnahme der Nahrungsmittelproduktion und Verlust an Biodiversität voraus. Dabei ist das Konstrukt der „Umweltflucht“ aufgrund des ihm inhärenten Geodeterminismus, der konzeptionellen Unklarheiten und politischen Instrumentalisierungen höchst problematisch. Umweltveränderungen als Hauptursache für Migration zu identifizieren ist praktisch unmöglich. Daher beschäftigt sich das Forschungsprojekt mit den multiplen Ursachen von Migration im Sahel um die internen Logiken zu verstehen und Migrationsbewegungen theoretisch zu kontextualisieren.
Year 2010
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80 Project

Bangkok flooded: re(assembling) disaster mobility

Authors Leonie Tuitjer
Year 2019
Journal Name Mobilities
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81 Journal Article

Post-disaster fertility: Hurricane Katrina and the changing racial composition of New Orleans

Authors Nathan Seltzer, Jenna Nobles
Year 2017
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 2
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82 Journal Article

Climate change, disaster, displacement and migration initial evidence from Africa

Authors Vikram Kolmannskog, UNHCR. Policy Development and Evaluation Service
Year 2009
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83 Report

A meta-analysis of the literature on climate change and migration

Authors Michel Beine, Lionel Jeusette
Year 2021
Journal Name Journal of Demographic Economics
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86 Journal Article

Environmental change and migration: methodological considerations from ground-breaking global survey

Authors Koko Warner
Year 2011
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 21
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87 Journal Article

The Changing Hindu Kush Himalayas: Environmental Change and Migration

Authors Richard Black, Soumyadeep Banerjee, Dominic Kniveton, ...
Book Title People on the Move in a Changing Climate
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88 Book Chapter

Towards the sustainable climate change population movement: the Relocation Suitability Index

Authors Anamaria Bukvic
Year 2018
Journal Name Climate and Development
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90 Journal Article

Land grabbing: a preliminary quantification of economic impacts on rural livelihoods

Authors Kyle F. Davis, Maria Cristina Rulli, Paolo D’Odorico
Year 2014
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 33
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92 Journal Article

El Sur Tambien Existe: Imagining futures

Authors Diana Murtaugh Coleman
Year 2019
Journal Name CULTURAL DYNAMICS
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94 Journal Article

Nonhuman Climate Refugees: The Role that Urban Communities Should Play in Ensuring Ecological Resilience

Authors Samantha Noll
Year 2018
Journal Name ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS
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95 Journal Article

Fishing, farming and factories: adaptive development in coastal Cambodia

Authors Jason Horlings, Melissa Marschke
Year 2020
Journal Name Climate and Development
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97 Journal Article

Environmental Displacement in European Asylum Law

Authors Finn Myrstad, Vikram Kolmannskog
Year 2009
Journal Name European Journal of Migration and Law
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99 Journal Article

Climate-related migration in rural Bangladesh: a behavioural model

Authors Maxmillan Martin, Richard Black, Dominic Kniveton, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 25
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100 Journal Article
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