Jordan

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'A Threat to National Unity' - Football in Jordan: Ethnic Divisive or a Political Tool for the Regime?

Authors Dag Tuastad
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF SPORT
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1 Journal Article

Irregular Migration in Jordan, 1995-2007

Authors Fathi A. AROURI
Description
This paper tackles the question of irregular migration in Jordan through its four main aspects. The first concerns irregular labour migrants and has been approached by using figures showing the socio-economic profile of non Jordanians working in Jordan and, additionally, unemployment in Jordan. This is done by assuming close similarities between legal and irregular labour migrants. The second is an attempt to estimate the stocks and describe the characteristics of irregular migrants in Jordan through data collected from arrival and departure statistics. The author focused on the nationalities of persons involved from 1995 to 2007. The third part of the paper is dedicated to refugees in Jordan. Two main groups have been singled out: the Palestinians (from 1948) as an older refugee group and the refugees from Iraq (from 1990) as a more recent one. Their numbers, geographic distribution and main demographic and other characteristics have been described. In the fourth part, the paper brings out some aspects related to transit migration before closing with conclusions and recommendations. Although the paper points to the unavailability of reliable data on irregular migration in Jordan, it makes use of a whole range of indirect estimations, all available from the Department of Statistics (DOS) and the Ministry of Labour (MOL) and from arrival and departure statistics and associated surveys. The 2004 population census data gives an idea about the non-Jordanians in Jordan broken down according to nationality and reason and duration of stay in Jordan. The MOL data provides statistics about non-Jordanians holding work permits broken down by nationality, educational levels, occupational levels, marital status, place of residence and monthly earnings. For refugees, data was extracted from UNRWA statistics and Fafo survey (2007) on Iraqis in Jordan.
Year 2008
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2 Report

The Impact of the Involuntary Mass ‘Return’ to Jordan in the Wake of the Gulf Crisis

Authors Nicholas Van Hear
Year 1995
Journal Name International Migration Review
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3 Journal Article

Food security and humanitarian assistance among displaced Iraqi populations in Jordan and Syria

Authors Shannon Doocy, Gilbert Burnham, Elizabeth Biermann, ...
Year 2011
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
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4 Journal Article

The Impact of the Involuntary Mass 'Return' to Jordan in the Wake of the Gulf Crisis

Authors Nicholas van Hear
Year 1995
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 15
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5 Journal Article

FEMALE FERTILITY IN THE KINGDOM OF JORDAN.

Authors W. A. ETTEMA
Year 1970
Journal Name Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie
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6 Journal Article

Iraqi Refugees in Jordan: Legal Perspective

Authors Mohamed Y. OLWAN
Description
Jordan has traditionally been one of the regions most welcoming countries toward Iraqis. The country received several flows of Iraqis during the last four decades, but most of Iraqis residing in Jordan fled the precarious situation prevailing in Iraq following the U.S. –led invasion of Iraq in March 2003. Jordan is not a party to the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refuges or the 1967 Protocol on Refugees, but Jordan cooperates with the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in the implementation of a Memorandum of understanding signed between the two parties in 1998. The provisions of this Memorandum are in many aspects, similar to those of the 1951 Convention. The focus of this study is the legal aspects of the Iraqis residing in Jordan; and due to the scarcity of legal writing on the subject, it relies mainly on the legal texts, whether nationals or internationals, and to the Jordanian government positions and measures pertaining to this subject. The study has eight sections, they are as follows: Entry of foreigners to the country, numbers of Iraqis in Jordan, entry restrictions, Non-Iraqi refugees, mainly Palestinians arriving from Iraq, the right of asylum in Jordan, temporary Protection Regime, expulsion and "refoulement" of Iraqi refugees, and living conditions of Iraqis in Jordan.
Year 2009
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7 Report

Iraqis in Jordan since 2003: What Socio-Political Stakes?

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
This research report describes the main features and social profile of the Iraqi community in Jordan, the various policies Jordan has formulated for them, and the evolution in popular debates targeting Iraqis. Policies and debates are analysed in the light of the socio-political challenges posed by the Iraqi presence in Jordan. Furthermore, socio-political challenges and opportunities which might be generated, either by the departure, or alternatively by the enduring presence of the post-2003 Iraqi "refugees" in Jordan are tackled.
Year 2009
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8 Report

Irregular Migration to Jordan: Socio-Political Stakes

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
A striking evidence is the high figures of undocumented migrants in Jordan. The questions asked in the present report are the following: do these figures signal a failure of policies? What are actually the aims of policies directed at illegal migrants in Jordan? And, ultimately, are unauthorized migrants really unwanted, and why?
Year 2008
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10 Report

Back to Syria? : conflicting patterns of mobility among Syrian refugees in Jordan

Authors Luigi ACHILLI
Year 2016
Journal Name Orient, 2016, Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 7-13
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11 Journal Article

Gender and Migration in Jordan

Authors Mohamed Y. OLWAN
Description
Abstract This study explores Jordan’s policies in regards to international migration in general and to migrant women in particular. It has four sections: women’s participation in the workforce in Jordan; the national and international framework for migration to Jordan; the question of transferability of Jordanian citizenship from a Jordanian woman, married to a non–citizen, to her children; and women immigrating to Jordan. Résumé Cette étude explore les politiques jordaniennes en matière de migration internationale en général, et concernant les femmes migrantes en particulier. Elle est structurée en quatre sections: la part des femmes dans la main d’œuvre en Jordanie; le cadre national et international de la migration internationale en Jordanie; la question de la transmission de la citoyenneté jordanienne; et enfin les femmes qui immigrent en Jordanie.
Year 2010
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12 Report

Assessing the Jordan Compact One Year On: An Opportunity or a Barrier to Better Achieving Refugees' Right to Work

Authors Amanda Gray Meral
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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13 Journal Article

Irregular Migration in Jordan– A Policy of no Policy

Authors Mohamed Y. OLWAN
Description
The focus of this study is the legal framework on irregular migration, in Jordan, which is at once a destination country, a country of origin and a country of transit for irregular migrants. This complex and controversial issue poses real concerns for Jordan, but has not yet been addressed effectively or efficiently either by Jordanian policy or in academic literature. Consequently, this study relies principally on the few legal texts pertaining to the topic, on the Ministry of Labor and on the Ministry of the Interior’s positions, and on information found in the Jordanian media. The study has four main sections: the first deals with Jordanian national law and the question of when a person is considered an irregular migrant; while the other three sections explore the way that the Jordanian public authorities deal with irregularity in practice. Finally, in the conclusion, we suggest ways in which the legal standing of irregular migrants in Jordan could be improved.
Year 2008
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14 Report

High-Skilled Migration to and from Jordan

Authors Mohamed Y. OLWAN
Description
This study explores the legal aspects of high-skilled migration to and from Jordan, but it must be remembered that it is difficult to deal with this subject without taking international migration more generally into account. The study is structured in four sections: Jordanian migrant workers in the GCC countries and migrant workers in Jordan – numbers, qualifications and remittances; legal framework pertaining to border-controls in Jordan and the GCC countries; the human rights of migrant workers in Jordan and the GCC countries; and finally the bilateral workforce cooperation agreements between Jordan and Arab receiving countries. Cette étude explore les aspects juridiques de la migration hautement qualifiée de et vers la Jordanie. Il s’agit néanmoins de garder en mémoire qu’il est difficile d’aborder un tel sujet sans tenir compte des migrations internationales dans leur ensemble. L’étude est structurée en quatre parties : les travailleurs jordaniens migrants dans les pays du Conseil de Coopération du Golfe et les travailleurs migrants en Jordanie – effectifs, qualifications et transferts financiers ; le cadre juridique relatif au contrôle des frontières en Jordanie et dans les pays du Golfe ; les droits humains des travailleurs migrants en Jordanie et dans les pays du Golfe ; et enfin, les accords bilatéraux de coopération en matière de main d’œuvre entre la Jordanie et les pays arabes de destination.
Year 2010
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15 Report

Jordanian Emigration: An Analysis of Migration Data

Authors Ahmad A. Hammouda
Year 1980
Journal Name International Migration Review
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16 Journal Article

Hosting Guests, Creating Citizens: Models of Refugee Administration in Jordan and Egypt

Authors Rochelle Davis, Grace Benton, Will Todman, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name Refugee Survey Quarterly
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17 Journal Article

Displacement, Identity, and Belonging: Iraqi Communities in Amman

Authors Rasha S. Mansour
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies
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18 Journal Article

Unemployment in Jordan

Authors Fathi A. AROURI
Year 2007
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19 Report

Unaccompanied and Separated Syrian Refugee Children: Case Study of a New Feature for Social Work Practice in Jordan

Authors Sahar Suleiman AlMakhamreh, Aisha Jane Hutchinson, Aisha Jane Hutchinson
Year 2018
Journal Name Refugee Survey Quarterly
Citations (WoS) 1
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20 Journal Article

Irrigation in sub-humid environments: a comparison of three cultures

Authors R.H. Jackson, A. Soffer
Year 1986
Journal Name Geoforum
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22 Journal Article

Media Coverage of Syrian Female Refugees in Jordan and Lebanon

Authors Ahmad S. Haider, Saleh Olimy, Linda S. Al-Abbas
Year 2021
Journal Name SAGE OPEN
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24 Journal Article

General Overview of Migration Into, From and Through Jordan

Authors Abdel Baset ATHAMNEH
Description
Jordan is both a receiving and a sending country for migration. Since its independence, it has received several waves of forced migration as a result of regional instability. Moreover, Jordan is a major receiver of labour migrants, too, especially from Egypt and non-Arab Asian countries, the non Arab-Asian migrants being mainly women and typically employed in the service sector. As to emigration trends, Jordan has long been a sending country, especially to the Arab Gulf states. This note attempts to shed light on the main characteristics of inward and outward Jordanian migration patterns and characteristics in recent times. La Jordanie est à la fois un pays d'origine et d’accueil d’importants flux migratoires. Depuis son indépendance, le pays a accueilli plusieurs vagues de migration forcée liée à des motifs tenant essentiellement à l'instabilité de la région. De plus, il est un pays d’attraction pour les travailleurs migrants originaires, en particulier, d'Egypte et de pays asiatiques non-arabes, ces derniers enregistrant le départ de flux principalement de femmes, employées dans le secteur des services. Quant aux tendances enregistrées dans le champ de l'émigration, la Jordanie s’est longtemps positionnée comme un pays d'émigration, à destination plus particulièrement des Etats du Golfe. Cette analyse se propose de retracer les contours des caractéristiques principales et des tendances enregistrées du phénomène migratoire vers et depuis la Jordanie au cours de la période la plus récente.
Year 2012
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25 Report

CARIM – Migration Profile: Jordan

Authors Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Tamirace FAKHOURY, Delphine PERRIN
Year 2010
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26 Report

The Epidemiology of Hepatitis C Virus in the Fertile Crescent: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Authors Hiam Chemaitelly, Laith J. Abu-Raddad, Karima Chaabna
Year 2015
Journal Name PLoS ONE
Citations (WoS) 30
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27 Journal Article

Safeguard Measures in Jordan

Authors Bashar Malkawi
Journal Name SSRN Electronic Journal
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28 Journal Article

Labour in global production networks: workers in the qualifying industrial zones (QIZs) of Egypt and Jordan

Authors Shamel Azmeh
Year 2014
Journal Name Global Networks
Citations (WoS) 16
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29 Journal Article

Daily-wage migrant workers, employment relations, and emergency relief during COVID-19 in Jordan

Authors Shaddin Almasri
Description
The government of Jordan provided some emergency assistance to migrant workers during the pandemic, but migrants’ lack of formal employment impeded the implementation.
Year 2021
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30 Report

The Conditions and Migratory Aspirations of Syrian and Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

Authors Anna Kvittingen, Marko Valenta, Hanan Tabbara, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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31 Journal Article

Trade-for-Refugee Employment: Nexing for Deterrence or Development in the EU-Jordan Compact?

Authors Marion Panizzon
Year 2018
Book Title EU external migration policies in an era of global mobilities : intersecting policy universes
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32 Book Chapter

Economic Implications of the International Migration of High Level Manpower

Authors Klaus Weiermair
Year 1970
Journal Name International Migration
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33 Journal Article

Towards Effective Temporary Labor Migration Schemes Report on Lebanon and Jordan

Authors Eugene SENSENIG-DABBOUS, Guita HOURANI
Description
Migration policy is one of the fields least scrutinized in the Arab world. Responding to international economic trends, policy makers, social partners, and civil society players in Jordan and Lebanon have come to the realization that certain labour market bottlenecks can only be overcome by bringing in foreign workers. This has led to a significant immigration of laborers from a wide variety of countries and forced all relevant participants in the policy making process to renew their interest in coordinated temporary labour migration schemes. Both in Jordan and Lebanon, experts and policy makers alike see opportunities in these schemes that can help them meet the changing demands in their labour markets without permanently adding to their populations and labour forces. In the countries of origin, reciprocally, temporary labour migration schemes are intended to allow governments to alleviate pressures on their labour markets in the short and medium-term, and also let them reap the benefits of migration, through remittances and skill acquisition. In this study the authors will consider, based on a tripartite approach, whether the interests of employers and workers organizations coincide with those of governments in designing and implementing temporary migration schemes. The internationally codified rights of migrant workers to equality and non-discrimination and to their integration into societies and workplaces will be compared to the realities on the ground in Lebanon and Jordan. Have the limited provisions for protecting employees’ rights and a lack of their integration into the host societies negatively affected policy goals, closely linked to social cohesion? Does the effective protection of migrant workers contradict the needs of the indigenous populations in Lebanon and Jordan in general? Can the empowerment of the migrants themselves and their inclusion into the tripartite decision making process facilitate migration policy reform? Which social players can – and have – step in if the state and social partners neglect those roles foreseen for them by the international organizations dealing primarily with migrant labour, first and foremost the International Labour Organization (ILO)?
Year 2011
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34 Report

Dislocated Masculinity: Adolescence and the Palestinian Nation-in-exile

Authors J. Hart
Year 2008
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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35 Journal Article

A Political Demography of the Refugee Question. Palestinians in Jordan and Lebanon: Between protection, forced return and resettlement

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
Refugees from Palestine are one of the oldest refugee populations in the world. And UN General Assembly Resolution 194, which anchors Palestinian refugees’ claims for their right of return to Palestine, is now 63 years old. Yet, in Jordan and Lebanon, the refugees’ main host countries, the Palestinian presence grew in importance in domestic politics through the 2000s. In Lebanon there were the political debates surrounding the granting of some civil rights to Palestinian refugees, which culminated mid-2010. In Jordan, controversies over political naturalisation stir up violent political debates. This essay explores the reasons behind the fact that, in Jordan and Lebanon, granting civil rights to refugees raises a lot of concern. It also examines how the civil rights issue cannot be separated from that of the protection of the Palestinian “cause”, the right of return. More generally, the report investigates the various perceived challenges and the outreach of Palestinian refugees’ settlement (tawtin) in each of the two countries, before and after the late 1980s-early 1990s. Return and resettlement were taken as the two extremes of a similar demographic policy, and therefore, proved to be powerful political tools for regimes and political actors, at the local, regional and international levels. The theoretical framework of political demography and the “political economy” of Palestinian refugee trends and policies in Jordan and Lebanon also allowed for the Palestinian issue to be resituated in the history and the socio-political context of each country; thus revealing their specific challenges. The essay shows that the granting of civil rights to Palestinians is hampered by its politically-destabilising significance in host countries, where civil rights are constructed as citizenship-bound privileges. Therefore, debates on Palestinian refugees flag up deepening rifts within Jordanian and Lebanese citizenries, and diverging views on political “imagined communities” (Anderson, 1991). In Jordan, such a rift has been deepened by the recent emergence of nationalist movements and by the tensions which emerged in the wake of the Arab uprisings. Representations of national populations as closed, de jure and ethnic-based increasingly oppose views of nationhood as open, de facto and assimilationist.
Year 2012
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36 Report

Housing conditions in Palestinian refugee camps, Jordan

Authors Jamal Alnsour, Julia Meaton
Year 2014
Journal Name Cities
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37 Journal Article

Employment of Syrian refugees in Jordan: challenges and opportunities

Authors Zeynep Şahin Mencütek, Ayat J. J. Nashwan
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC & CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN SOCIAL WORK
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38 Journal Article

The role of cultural pressures and group favouritism in shaping Syrian refugees' identity in the Jordanian work environment

Authors Tamer Koburtay, Deema Refai, Radi Haloub
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS
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39 Journal Article

Causes of family separation and barriers to reunification: Syrian refugees in Jordan

Authors Hannah Chandler, Zahirah McNatt, Neil Boothby, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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40 Journal Article

Architekturen des Asyls: Aneignungsprozesse in Flüchtlingsunterkünften

Principal investigator Philipp Misselwitz (Principal Investigator)
Description
Auf Basis architektur- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Methoden untersucht das Forschungsprojekt die physisch-materiellen und symbolischen Aneignungsprozesse von geflüchteten Menschen an unterschiedlichen Asylorten. Damit rückt es das handlungsrelevante Raumwissen in einer hochmobilen Ausnahmesituation (Flucht) in den Mittelpunkt. Empirisch ist die Studie so angelegt, dass syrische Geflüchtete vergleichend in Deutschland (Berlin) und Jordanien (Zataari) untersucht werden.
Year 2018
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42 Project

SAMAKH: THE RISE AND FALL OF A PALESTINIAN ARAB TOWN ON THE SHORES OF THE SEA OF GALILEE

Authors Mustafa Abbasi
Year 2013
Journal Name HOLY LAND STUDIES
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43 Journal Article

Forced Migration of Syrians to Jordan: An exploratory study

Authors Mohamed Y. OLWAN, Ahmad SHIYAB
Description
The study attempts to identify the economic, social and legal conditions of Syrian refugees residing in Jordan, subsequent to the events of March 2011 in Syria. The study sample consists of 105 interviews, which were conducted with the household heads of Syrian families residing in four governorates; Irbid, Mafraq, Balqa and Amman. The respondents were interviewed and they were asked to answer the 55 question survey included in the study questionnaire. The results of this exploratory study involved significant indicators regarding the challenges and difficulties faced by the Jordanian government as a result of hosting Syrian refugees on its territory. There is an urgent need to support the vital sectors necessary for refugees like health and education and the provision of adequate housing in addition to cash assistance to refugees. Thus, the UNHCR and the international community as a whole have to do their duty towards Syrian refugees in countries where they have taken refuge (Iraq, Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan).
Year 2012
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44 Report

Trafficking in Persons in Jordan

Authors Mohamed Y. OLWAN
Description
The study is designed to offer the reader an outline of Jordan’s legal responses to human trafficking. It is divided into five sections: legal framework of human trafficking; child labor and human trafficking; migrant domestic workers and human trafficking; migrant laborers in the qualified industrial zones (Qizs); and finally Jordanian case law. The conclusion then follows these five sections. Cette étude vise à présenter au lecteur les réponses juridiques apportées par la Jordanie à la traite des personnes. Elle est en cinq sections : le cadre juridique de la traite des personnes, le travail des enfants et la traite, les migrants travailleurs domestiques et la traite, les travailleurs migrants dans les zones qualifiées industrielles et enfin la jurisprudence jordanienne. Une conclusion suivra ces cinq sections.
Year 2011
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45 Report

Perceptions About the Labor Market Integration of Refugees: Evidences from Syrian Refugees in Jordan

Authors Zeynep Sahin Mencuetek, Ayat J. Nashwan
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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46 Journal Article

ICTs, Agency, and Gender in Syrian Activists' Work among Syrian Refugees in Jordan

Authors Katty Alhayek
Year 2016
Journal Name GENDER TECHNOLOGY & DEVELOPMENT
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47 Journal Article

The Political Economy of Nationality-Based Labor Inclusion Strategies: A Case Study of the Jordan Compact

Authors Shaddin Almasri
Year 2021
Journal Name Middle East Critique
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48 Journal Article

Migration to the Gulf States : the political economy of exceptionalism

Authors Philippe FARGUES, Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Year 2015
Book Title [Migration Policy Centre]
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49 Book Chapter

The socio-economic conditions of Jordan’s Palestinian camp refugees

Authors Åge Arild Tiltnes, Huafeng Zhang
Description
This report summarizes findings of two household surveys examining the living conditions of the Palestinian refugee-camp population in Jordan 2011, and examines how the living conditions have evolved since the late 1990s. It finds that people’s overall situation has improved, but that there are significant differences across camps and socio-economic groups, on many indicators.
Year 2014
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50 Report

Introduction Understanding ‘Migrant Capital’

Authors Umut Erel, Louise Ryan, Alessio D’Angelo
Book Title Migrant Capital
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51 Book Chapter

Resilience capacities of health systems: Accommodating the needs of Palestinian refugees from Syria

Authors Mohamad Alameddine, Alastair Ager, Sophie Witter, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
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52 Journal Article

EU Neighbourhood Migration Report 2013

Authors Philippe FARGUES
Description
This report covers migration in 18 EU neighbouring countries, including: Algeria; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Belarus; Egypt; Georgia; Jordan; Lebanon; Libya; Mauritania; Moldova; Morocco; Palestine; Russia; Syria; Tunisia; Turkey and Ukraine. Each country report provides the most recent update on the demographic, legal, and socio-political aspects of both inward and outward migration stocks and flows.
Year 2013
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53 Report

Non-Jordanians Working in Jordan

Authors Fathi A. AROURI
Year 2007
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54 Report

Analysing South-South Humanitarian Responses to Displacement from Syria: Views from Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey

Description
Since 2012, over 4 million people have fled Syria in ‘the most dramatic humanitarian crisis that we have ever faced’ (UNHCR). By November 2015 there were 1,078,338 refugees from Syria in Lebanon, 630,776 in Jordan and 2,181,293 in Turkey. Humanitarian agencies and donor states from both the global North and the global South have funded and implemented aid programmes, and yet commentators have argued that civil society groups from the global South are the most significant actors supporting refugees in Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey. Whilst they are highly significant responses, however, major gaps in knowledge remain regarding the motivations, nature and implications of Southern-led responses to conflict-induced displacement. This project draws on multi-sited ethnographic and participatory research with refugees from Syria and their aid providers in Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey to critically examine why, how and with what effect actors from the South have responded to the displacement of refugees from Syria. The main research aims are: 1. identifying diverse models of Southern-led responses to conflict-induced displacement, 2. examining the (un)official motivations, nature and implications of Southern-led responses, 3. examining refugees’ experiences and perceptions of Southern-led responses, 4. exploring diverse Southern and Northern actors’ perceptions of Southern-led responses, 5. tracing the implications of Southern-led initiatives for humanitarian theory and practice. Based on a critical theoretical framework inspired by post-colonial and feminist approaches, the project contributes to theories of humanitarianism and debates regarding donor-recipient relations and refugees’ agency in displacement situations. It will also inform the development of policies to most appropriately address refugees’ needs and rights. This highly topical and innovative project thus has far-reaching implications for refugees and local communities, academics, policy-makers and practitioners.
Year 2017
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55 Project

Gender and Migration in and from Jordan

Authors Abdel Baset ATHAMNEH
Description
This study attempts to shed light on the main characteristics of gender and migration from and to Jordan. As to immigration patterns, females account for an increasing proportion of foreign workers in Jordan. They come to cover labor shortages in low-skilled occupations where Jordanians do not wish to work, in the ‘personal and social services’ sector as well as in the Qualified Industrial Zones, where their importance is currently on the rise and where working conditions are unsatisfactory. The main sources of foreign female labor in Jordan are non-Arab Asian States, especially Indonesia, the Philippines and Sri Lanka. With respect to Jordanians abroad, in 2009 they were estimated at 350,000 individuals, of whom only 16.6% were females. Emigration from Jordan towards other Arab countries (i.e. the most important from a quantitative point of view) is supposed to take place under a temporary project, while emigrants directed towards North American countries, which represent, however, an important proportion of recent migrants, are more long-term oriented. In these latter countries, women, as well as men, tend to be highly-educated and are mainly employed in highly-skilled occupations. Moreover, an important part of this analysis is dedicated to the link between migration and education, which demands an analysis of foreign students in Jordan as well as of Jordanians studying abroad and raises important issues. Finally, the last section of the paper proposes some policy recommendations and in particular argues for new institutions dedicated to migration movements in order to give robust and reliable evidence on Jordanian migration patterns. / Cette étude se propose d’apporter un éclairage aux principales caractéristiques du lien existant entre genre et migration depuis et vers la Jordanie. Les femmes immigrées en Jordanie constituent une part croissante parmi les travailleurs étrangers dans le pays. Elles couvrent généralement des pénuries d’emplois peu qualifiés que les Jordaniens ne veulent eux-mêmes pas occupés, notamment dans le secteur ‘services sociaux et à la personne’ et dans les Zones Qualifiés Industriels, au sein desquels leur nombre croît aujourd’hui, et leurs conditions de travail restent insatisfaisantes. Les principaux flux de femmes travailleuses immigrées sont en provenance de pays non-arabes et asiatiques, en particulier de l’Indonésie, des Philippines et du Sri Lanka. La part des Jordaniens résidant à l’étranger est estimée, au titre de l’année 2009, à hauteur de 350 000 individus, incluant une proportion de 16,6% de femmes. Les principaux flux d’émigration à destination d’autres Etats arabes s’inscrivent, en principe, dans une stratégie à court terme, alors que les émigrants à destination de l’Amérique du Nord - lesquels représentent une importante proportion parmi l’émigration récente -, s’inscrivent dans un projet migratoire à plus long terme. S’agissant de ces dernières destinations et à l’instar des hommes, les femmes sont davantage issues de l’enseignement supérieur, et sont principalement employées dans des postes hautement qualifiés. En outre, un important segment de cette analyse sera consacré à l’analyse du lien existant entre migration et éducation - lequel part d’une enquête menée sur un échantillon d’étudiants étrangers résidents en Jordanie, et d’étudiants jordaniens résidant à l’étranger -, dont il conviendra de tirer un certain nombre de conclusions. Enfin, la dernière section de cette note énonce une série de recommandations et préconise, en particulier, le développement de nouvelles institutions consacrées à l’analyse des mouvements migratoires en vue de dresser un tableau plus compréhensif des caractéristiques de la migration jordanienne.
Year 2011
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56 Report

Everyday Piety: Islam and Economy in Jordan. Sarah A. Tobin. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2016. 248 pp.

Authors MAHIR SAUL
Year 2018
Journal Name American Ethnologist
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57 Journal Article

A Profile of Poverty for Palestinian Refugees in Jordan: the Case of Zarqa and Sukhneh Camps

Authors I. Hejoj
Year 2007
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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59 Journal Article

From Palestine to the Canadian Diaspora The Multiple Social Biographies of the Musleh Family's Photographic Archive

Authors Nawal Musleh-Motut
Year 2015
Journal Name MIDDLE EAST JOURNAL OF CULTURE AND COMMUNICATION
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60 Journal Article

Circular Migration in Jordan, 1995-2006

Authors Fathi A. AROURI
Year 2008
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61 Report

Migration-Related Institutions and Policies in Jordan

Authors Ali S ZAGHAL, Arda FREIJ-DEGARABEDIAN
Year 2004
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62 Report

Perceptions About the Labor Market Integration of Refugees: Evidences from Syrian Refugees in Jordan

Authors Zeynep Sahin Mencutek, Ayat J. Nashwan
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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63 Journal Article

U.S. Trade Relations with Arab Countries: Past, Present, and Future

Authors Bashar H Malkawi
Year 2009
Journal Name Global Jurist
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64 Journal Article

Migration and Women's Status: The Jordan Case

Authors Louhichi Khaled
Year 1995
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 9
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65 Journal Article

Prevalence of functional constipation among Palestinian preschool children and the relation to stressful life events

Authors Denise Froon-Torenstra, Elise Beket, Ali M. Khader, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name PLoS ONE
Citations (WoS) 1
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66 Journal Article

The International Politics of Law-enforcement Cooperation

Description
The proposal includes three studies in the field of international relations. These studies examine the political dimensions of international cooperation in law enforcement. Study 1 explores why states succeed or fail to cooperate against smuggling along a shared border. The goal is to explain why Jordan has cooperated with Israel in combating smugglers of goods and persons, whereas Egypt has been less cooperative. Based on fieldwork in the Israel-Egypt and Israel-Jordan border areas, the study links governments' domestic political concerns to their efforts against smuggling. Study 2 examines the Israeli efforts against intellectual property piracy of American and European goods. Based on fieldwork in Israel, this study explains why Israel's enforcement of intellectual property rights is ineffective. Study 3 examines international cooperation among courts in combating parental child-abduction. This study explains the origin and evolution of the unique international regime that tackles child abduction. The study also explains why many countries have been reluctant to join this regime. The study involves fieldwork in Europe and the United States as well as interviews with judges at international judicial conferences. The three studies advance the analysis of the politics of law enforcement within the field of international relations. These studies also offer important insights for policy.
Year 2011
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67 Project

Women’s Agency in Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia: The Role of Parenthood and Education

Authors Carmen Friedrich, Henriette Engelhardt, Florian Schulz
Year 2020
Journal Name Population Research and Policy Review
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68 Journal Article

Impact of Syrian refugees on the Jordanian labour market

Authors Svein Erik Stave, Solveig Hillesund
Description
This report presents the main findings of a household survey conducted in the Jordanian governorates of Amman, Irbid and Mafraq between February and March 2014, aimed at assessing the implications of the large influx of Syrian Refugees onto the labour market in the three geographical areas. The results are based on information gathered on the current labour market situation, as well as some of the changes that have occurred since the beginning of the Syrian Refugee influx into Jordan in March 2011.
Year 2015
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69 Report

VALUES IN JORDANIAN UNIVERSITY-STUDENTS - A TEST OF OSGOOD CULTURAL UNIVERSALS

Authors ED LAWSON, OM SMADI, SA TEL
Year 1986
Journal Name International Journal of Intercultural Relations
Citations (WoS) 5
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70 Journal Article

The Representation of Laji'een (Refugees) and Muhajireen (Migrants) in the Headlines of Jordan News Agency (PETRA)

Authors Ahmad S. Haider, Saleh Olimy
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR THE SEMIOTICS OF LAW-REVUE INTERNATIONALE DE SEMIOTIQUE JURIDIQUE
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71 Journal Article

Socioeconomic Achievement Among Arab Immigrants in the USA: The Influence of Region of Origin and Gender

Authors Abdi M. Kusow, Kristine J. Ajrouch, Mamadi Corra
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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72 Journal Article

Seroprevalence of Varicella-Zoster Virus in Five US-Bound Refugee Populations

Authors Jessica Leung, Tarissa Mitchell, Adriana Lopez, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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73 Journal Article

Migration and the Reproduction of Poverty: The Refugee Camps in Jordan

Authors Marwan Khawaja
Year 2003
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 6
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74 Journal Article

The Legal Framework of International Migration in Jordan

Authors Mohamed Y. OLWAN
Year 2006
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75 Report

Gender politics and migration policies in Jordan

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
This paper tackles the socio-political aspects of gender and migration in Jordan. Our concern is to figure out whether and, if so, how public debate, institutional setup and specific governmental or government-approved policies targeting migrant women are gendered, i.e., how gender policies articulate with migratory policies, how gender determines migrants’ experience, in terms of, for instance, life cycle and employment. We also inquire about the purposes of such policies. Our main conclusion is that, though public debate is indeed gendered, migration policies are not. On immigration, gender does not have priority over other characteristics of the migrant in the overall policy-making process on migration. However, there exists an economic sector-selective gendering of policies targeting female migrants in Jordan. This process is rooted in the political necessity of engineering female and migrant issues to respond to Jordanian nationals’ concerns. As for females’ emigration and, especially, a new trend involving mainly unmarried skilled young women directed at the Arab Gulf States, it has been so far ignored in the public debate, caught between the ‘open door’ policy and the institutional setup of Jordan’s ‘blocked society’. In the Jordanian context, migration, indeed, hardly allows female empowerment let alone female immigrants in Jordan. Therefore the paper advocates a stronger involvement on the part of sending countries’ in the defence of their nationals employed abroad, especially given the situation of female English domestic workers. / Cet article traite des aspects sociopolitiques de la relation entre genre et migration en Jordanie. Nous cherchons à comprendre si et comment le débat public, le contexte institutionnel et les politiques gouvernementales (ou soutenues par le gouvernement) visant les femmes migrantes sont genrées. Comment les politiques dans le domaine du genre s’articulent-elles aux politiques migratoires ? En quoi le genre détermine-t-il l’expérience des migrants, en termes de cycle de vie, de travail et d’emploi, par exemple ? Nous nous intéressons également aux objectifs de ces politiques. La conclusion principale de ce rapport est la suivante : le débat public prend en compte la question du genre mais les politiques migratoires l’ignorent le plus souvent. Concernant l’immigration, nous montrons que le genre ne pèse pas plus que d’autres facteurs dans le processus global de conception et de mise en œuvre des politiques migratoires. Cependant, on peut repérer une sélection par le genre dans certains secteurs économiques ouverts aux travailleurs immigrés, dont l’exemple le plus emblématique est l’emploi domestique. Ce processus a pour origine la nécessité politique d’instrumentaliser les questions de la femme et de la migration en réponse aux préoccupations des citoyens jordaniens. La question de l’émigration des femmes, en particulier le récent mouvement de femmes jeunes et célibataires vers les pays du Golfe, est pour sa part absente du débat public. Celui-ci reste en effet prisonnier de la politique de la « porte ouverte » mais surtout du contexte institutionnel d'une société jordanienne « bloquée ». Le contexte jordanien n’est donc pas toujours propice à l’autonomisation (empowerment) des femmes jordaniennes mais encore moins à celle des migrantes étrangères. Notre étude appelle donc les autorités des pays d’origine des migrantes à s’investir plus fortement dans la défense des intérêts de leurs ressortissantes expatriées, et de manière urgente dans celle des domestiques asiatiques.
Year 2011
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76 Report

The Impact of Labor Migration on the Jordanian Economy

Authors F.X. Kirwan
Year 1981
Journal Name International Migration Review
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77 Journal Article

The Syrian Refugee Crisis and Foreign Policy Decision-Making in Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey

Authors Gerasimos Tsourapas
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Global Security Studies
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79 Journal Article

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN EXPOSURE TO MEDIA AND BODY WEIGHT CONCERN AMONG FEMALE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN FIVE ARAB COUNTRIES: A PRELIMINARY CROSS-CULTURAL STUDY

Authors Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, Mariam Al-Mannai
Year 2014
Journal Name JOURNAL OF BIOSOCIAL SCIENCE
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80 Journal Article

Future Plans of Iraqi Physicians in Jordan: Predictors of Migration

Authors Sana Malik, Shannon Doocy, Gilbert Burnham
Year 2014
Journal Name International Migration
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82 Journal Article

Children and nationalism in a Palestinian refugee camp in Jordan

Authors J Hart
Year 2002
Journal Name CHILDHOOD-A GLOBAL JOURNAL OF CHILD RESEARCH
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83 Journal Article

Reforming the Kafala: Challenges and Opportunities in Moving Forward

Authors Azfar Khan, Helene Harroff-Tavel
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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84 Journal Article

VALUES IN JORDANIAN UNIVERSITY-STUDENTS - A TEST OF OSGOOD CULTURAL UNIVERSALS

Authors ED LAWSON, OM SMADI, SA TEL
Year 1986
Journal Name International Journal of Intercultural Relations
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85 Journal Article

"A Strange, Ventriloquous Voice": Louisiana Creole, Whiteness, and the Racial Politics of Writing Orality

Authors Jennifer Gipson
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF AMERICAN FOLKLORE
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86 Journal Article

The fact(s) of Michael Jordan's blackness: Excavating a floating racial signifier

Authors David L. Andrews
Year 1996
Journal Name SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT JOURNAL
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87 Journal Article

The Impact of Migrant Remittances on School Attendance and Education Attainment: Evidence from Jordan

Authors Wael Mansour, Jad Chaaban, Julie Litchfield
Year 2011
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 17
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89 Journal Article

Labour markets performance and migration flows in Arab Mediterranean countries : a regional perspective

Authors Iván MARTIN
Description
The objectives of the Study are two-fold: To analyze the key labour market determinants of migration flows from selected Arab Mediterranean Countries (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and the Occupied Palestinian Territories), with a particular emphasis on demographic pressures, wage differentials and relative income disparities with the EU, employment policies, labour market flexibility and unemployment rates; this analysis includes the impact of migration on the labour markets of Arab Mediterranean Country (AMCs) labour markets; To propose a series of specific recommendations to improve the design of the EU’s migration policies towards AMCs and policy options available to them for the management of mismatches between labour supply and demand.
Year 2009
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91 Report

Reforming the Kafala: Challenges and Opportunities in Moving Forward

Authors Azfar Khan, Helene Harroff-Tavel
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Citations (WoS) 10
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92 Journal Article

STRENGTHS: Fostering responsive mental health systems in the Syrian refugee crisis

Description
STRENGTHS aims to provide effective community-based health care implementation strategies to scale-up the delivery and uptake of effective mental health interventions in different country contexts. The current refugee crisis across Europe and the Middle East effects both individual refugees’ psychological well-being, as they face extreme stressors in their flight from their home country, but also has large effects on the healthcare systems of countries housing refugees. In reponse to this crisis, the STRENGTHS project aims to provide a framework for scaling-up the delivery and uptake of effective community-based mental health strategies to address the specific needs of refugees within and outside Europe’s borders. STRENGTHS will outline necessary steps needed to integrate evidence based low-intensity psychological interventions for common mental disorders into health systems in Syria’s surrounding countries taking up the majority of refugees (Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan), a LMIC (Egypt) and European countries (Germany, Switzerland the Netherlands and Sweden). The consortium is a unique partnership between academics, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), international agencies and local partners with the responsibility to provide and scale-up evidence-based mental health and psychosocial support interventions for refugees. Key preparatory steps in the local political, regulatory and governance processes for uptake and scaling-up of the intervention and key contextual and system-related factors for integration will be validated for the real-life impact on the responsiveness of the system. The low-intensity interventions and training materials will be adapted and implemented in Syrian refugees within Syria’s surrounding countries taking up the majority of refugees (Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan), a LMIC (Egypt) and European countries (Germany, Switzerland the Netherlands and Sweden). STRENGTHS will disseminate and promote ‘buy-in’ of a validated framework for large-scale implementation of the low intensity interventions to providers of health and social services, policy makers and funding agencies.
Year 2017
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93 Project

Working Conditions for Migrant Workers in the Qualifying Industrial Zones of The Hashemite kingdom of Jordan

Authors Amin AL-WREIDAT, Adnan RABABA
Description
The Qualifying Industrial Zones (QIZ) are areas designated by the Jordanian and Israeli authorities and approved by the U.S. Government, where products can be exported duty free to the United States, making use of the Israeli Free Trade Area Agreement with the U.S. The QIZs represent an unprecedented opportunity to gain duty and quota-free entry into the U.S market, with 100 % exemption of the export earning from income and social services taxes, and no customs duties payment on imported raw materials, fixed assets, and spare parts. QIZ products can include material content from any part of the world, but 35 % of the appraised value must be added in the QIZ. The labour standards and working conditions in those zones started being highlighted, at the national and international levels, following the release of the first relevant report of the National Labour Committee (NLC), of the United States , in May 2006, which then described the U.S.-Jordan Free Trade Agreement, due to the deterioration of working conditions of migrant workers in those zones, as Descending into Human Trafficking & Involuntary Servitude. The Jordanian Government’s inspection and verification campaigns that followed the NLC report, showed that the labour and OSH standards in many QIZ enterprises, and even human standards in some cases, did not meet the minimum acceptable limits, as per both international and national standards. The Jordanian Government’s response was prompt and proved to be very effective. The most successful reform was the one of the labour inspection system, which was the tool by which the Government closely monitored and followed-up working conditions in the zones, and through which it imposed serious sanctions against violators, such as permanently closing down some of those enterprises, the employers and/or managements of which failed to abide by the law. Almost 5 years following the release of the NLC report, this study shows that nearly none of the past violations reported by the NLC still exist in the QIZs. Labour rights, in terms of wages, working hours and leaves are protected. Occupational safety, health standards and human rights have seen great improvement and are also fully respected. There are no more confiscated passports, no more reported cases of physical, sexual, or verbal abuse and no more cases of forced labour or discrimination of any form. The number of QIZ enterprises and the number of their workers, both local and migrant, reached their peaks in 2006. There was then a decline in numbers until 2009, as a double effect of the Government’s action to rectify the labour standards in those zones as well as the Global Economic Crisis. The crisis, besides affecting Jordan, also directly affected the U.S. importers and buyers, for whom all QIZs’ manufacturers produce. The numbers of workers in those zones showed some increase in 2010, which could be an indicator of a recovery from such effects. The exports of the QIZs have also reached their peak level in 2006, but since then showed progressive decline, due to the factors mentioned above. No adequate statistics could be gathered on the total exports from those zones for the whole year of 2010. However, if the monthly average of exports for the first seven months of 2010, which are included in this study, could be applied to the last five months of the same year, then 2010’s exports would exceed those of 2009 by about 22%. The QIZ sector can be presently considered as one of the most successful sectors concerning working conditions and OSH in Jordan, where most of national and international labour standards are observed. The findings of this report represent the general situation existing in the QIZs in Jordan, at the time of the study. There are off course possible exceptions to be found, but these are often on a small scale and in concealed or unreported cases.
Year 2011
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94 Report

CITY OF FARMERS AND MERCHANTS: BEISAN IN THE PALESTINE MANDATE PERIOD (1918-1948)

Authors Mustafa Abbasi
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HOLY LAND AND PALESTINE STUDIES
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95 Journal Article

UNRWA: Through the Eyes of its Refugee Employees in Jordan

Authors R. Farah
Year 2009
Journal Name Refugee Survey Quarterly
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96 Journal Article

Sports, media culture, and race - Some reflections on Michael Jordan

Authors D Kellner
Year 1996
Journal Name SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT JOURNAL
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97 Journal Article

Resilience and Mental Health Among Syrian Refugee Children in Jordan

Authors Rebecca Dehnel, Heyam Dalky, Subashini Sudarsan, ...
Year 2021
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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98 Journal Article

Asylum-Related Migrants' Social-Media Use, Mobility Decisions, and Resilience

Authors Maria Merisalo, Jussi S. Jauhiainen
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT & REFUGEE STUDIES
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99 Journal Article
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