Policies on student and educational migration

Results displayed in this section refer to research on policies, laws, legislation, regulation or measures concerning student and educational mobility or migration. The latter is the movement of students across international borders who engage education outside of their country of origin or residence.

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9/11 and International Student Visa Issuance

Authors Karin A. C. Johnson
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Studies in International Education
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1 Journal Article

Indian Student Mobility in the UK: Opportunities and challenges

Authors Leonard WILLIAMS
Description
In recent years there has been an astronomical growth in the numbers of Indian students studying at UK universities. This paper situates this increase in relation to global and historical developments: the development of internationalization in education, liberalization in the economies of India and the UK as well as the centuries-old relationship between the two countries. Statistical data is examined in order to develop a picture of this group, followed by the results of a qualitative study which examined the motivations and experiences of Indian students currently studying, or who have recently finished their studies in the UK. The results speak to Bourdieu’s (1984) theories of cultural capital and illustrate that student migrants do not go to the UK just for study, but that they often have larger expectations from the trip, entwined with their own personal long term strategies. Finally, the data is used to critique current UK policy with regards to the student visa system.
Year 2012
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2 Report

Policy mobilities in the race for talent: competitive state strategies in international student mobility

Authors Kate Geddie
Year 2015
Journal Name TRANSACTIONS OF THE INSTITUTE OF BRITISH GEOGRAPHERS
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3 Journal Article

Portuguese policies fostering international student mobility: a colonial legacy or a new strategy?

Authors Thais França, Elisa Alves, Beatriz Padilla
Year 2018
Journal Name Globalisation, Societies and Education
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4 Journal Article

Mobility from India to Selected European Countries: The case of Germany and France

Authors Shahana MUKHERJEE, Rupa CHANDA
Description
The development of European policies on higher education in the last two decades has facilitated and encouraged (inward) non-European student mobility. This paper examines the issue of student mobility between two European host countries, namely Germany and France and a leading source country, namely India. Often regarded as the “middle players”, the paper identifies factors that drive the demand for higher education in these alternative destinations and elements that have contributed to their growing visibility among Indian students. The paper draws on findings from a recently conducted survey on Indian students in Europe to also identify the challenges associated with pursuing higher education in Germany and France. The paper further examines the role of competition and its impact on the international competitiveness of these destinations and concludes with policy recommendations, which can facilitate international student flows to Germany and France.
Year 2012
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5 Report

Student Mobility from India to Selected European Countries: The case of Germany and France

Authors Shahana MUKHERJEE, Rupa CHANDA
Description
The development of European policies on higher education in the last two decades has facilitated and encouraged (inward) non-European student mobility. This paper examines the issue of student mobility between two European host countries, namely Germany and France and a leading source country, namely India. Often regarded as the “middle players”, the paper identifies factors that drive the demand for higher education in these alternative destinations and elements that have contributed to their growing visibility among Indian students. The paper draws on findings from a recently conducted survey on Indian students in Europe to also identify the challenges associated with pursuing higher education in Germany and France. The paper further examines the role of competition and its impact on the international competitiveness of these destinations and concludes with policy recommendations, which can facilitate international student flows to Germany and France.
Year 2012
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6 Report

When the State Becomes Part of the Exploitation: Migrants' Agency within the Institutional Constraints in Australia

Authors Yao-Tai Li, Katherine Whitworth
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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7 Journal Article

United States immigration policy and indirect immigration of professionals

Authors Vinod B. Agarwal, Donald R. Winkler
Year 1985
Journal Name Economics of Education Review
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8 Journal Article

Studying to Stay: Understanding Graduate Visa Policy Content and Context in the United States and Australia

Authors Adam Grimm
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration
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9 Journal Article

New directions in studying policies of international student mobility and migration

Authors Yvonne Riano, Christof Van Mol, Parvati Raghuram
Year 2018
Journal Name GLOBALISATION SOCIETIES AND EDUCATION
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10 Journal Article

Conclusion: Precarious Transnationals and the Settler Nation

Authors Shanthi Robertson
Book Title Transnational Student-Migrants and the State
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11 Book Chapter

From “Sea Turtles” to “Grassroots Ambassadors”: The Chinese Politics of Outbound Student Migration

Authors Jiaqi M. Liu
Year 2021
Journal Name International Migration Review
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12 Journal Article

International Migration Policy and Law Analysis (IMPALA)

Description
The International Migration Policy And Law Analysis (IMPALA) Database is a cross-national, cross-institutional, cross-disciplinary project on comparative immigration policy. The pilot database version covers 10 years and 9 country cases including Australia, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and the United States of America. It covers The focus is admission policy, although the authors include also acquisition of citizenship, which is generally understood as being part of ‘immigrant policies’, namely what happens after admission. The project classifies and measures tracks of entry associated with five migration categories: economic migration, family reunification, asylum and humanitarian migration, and student migration, as well as acquisition of citizenship. It is the product of an international collaboration between researchers from George Mason University, Harvard University, London School of Economics and Political Science, Paris School of Economics, University of Amsterdam, University of Luxembourg, and University of Sydney.
Year 2008
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13 Data Set

Law, Policy, and Behavior: Educational Exchange Policy and Student Migration

Authors Paul Ritterband
Year 1970
Journal Name American Journal of Sociology
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14 Journal Article

"Integration Constellations" - The Interaction between Destination and Origin Countries and Civil Society Organizations in Migrant Integration

Authors Justyna Salamonska, Anne Unterreiner
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration
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15 Journal Article

International Students’ Mobility, Gender Dimension and Crisis

Authors Marta Moskal
Book Title High-skill migration and recession : gendered perspectives
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16 Book Chapter

An evaluation study on students' international mobility experience

Authors Alessandra Amendola, Marialuisa Restaino
Year 2017
Journal Name Quality & Quantity
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17 Journal Article

Emigration from China: A Sending Country Perspective

Authors Xiang Biao
Year 2003
Journal Name International Migration
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18 Journal Article

Higher Education in Europe: A comparison of existing Legal Regimes relating to the entry of international students

Authors Shahana MUKHERJEE
Description
European policies on higher education have progressively encouraged inward student mobility and in recent years, a number of European countries have become popular destinations for foreign students. However, with the emergence of new host countries, the competition for international students has intensified. A key variable that determines the competitiveness of a host country is the legislation governing international students. This paper provides a comparison of the current legislation governing the entry and stay conditions of international students in 5 European countries – the UK, Germany, France, Sweden and Netherlands. The paper also provides a comparative analysis across stages of legislation to assess the post-study employment conditions for international students. As the objective is to assess the implications of the legal regimes for student flows from India (to selected European countries), the paper also draws a comparison between the former and the current legislation governing international students in the United States, Australia and other emerging host nations. The paper concludes with a summary of findings and policy recommendations to improve the competitiveness of European countries as destinations for higher education.
Year 2012
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19 Report

Out-migration of university enrolment: the mobility behaviour of Italian students

Authors Antonella D'Agostino, Giulio Ghellini, Sergio Longobardi
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANPOWER
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20 Journal Article

Singaporean Societies: Multimedia Communities of Student Migration

Authors Raviv Litman
Year 2019
Journal Name Migration, Mobility, & Displacement
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22 Journal Article

Portuguese Scientists' Migration: a study on the 2008 crisis aftermath

Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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23 Journal Article

The Determinants of Student Migration to Poland Based on the Opolskie Voivodeship Study

Authors Sabina Kubiciel-Lodzinska, Bogdan Ruszczak
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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24 Journal Article

Policy options for managing international student migration: the sending country's perspective

Authors Cate Gribble
Year 2008
Journal Name Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management
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25 Journal Article

RISK AND THE SECURITISATION OF STUDENT MIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES

Authors MICHAEL C. EWERS, JOSEPH M. LEWIS
Year 2008
Journal Name Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie
Citations (WoS) 12
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26 Journal Article

Student Migration: Evidence from Chinese Students in theUSand China

Authors Wei Li, Shengnan Zhao, Zheng Lu, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration
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27 Journal Article

India-EU Engagement and International Migration: Challenges and policy imperatives

Authors Basant Kumar POTNURU, Sam VISHISHTA
Description
In the absence of a multilateral framework and a rule based global structure for the governance of international migration of people in all its complexities, countries engage in bilateral or regional cooperation in an attempt to engage and harmonize international movements and strive for a win-win situation. India and the EU are major trading partners and are engaged in a strategic Joint Action Plan with annual summit level talks; both sides are on the cusp of a new beginning through the soon to be concluded Free Trade Agreement (FTA). India-EU engagements, while underlining the importance of engagement on movement of people, have not clearly spelt out, as of yet, any roadmap for facilitation and enhancement of movement of people between the regions. The current paper examines if, and how, the bilateral relationship or engagement between India and the EU over the years has influenced international migration flows between the two sides and what potential challenges and policy options they face for a successful engagement and facilitation of movement of people. The paper suggests that given India’s strategic position as a major country of origin for skilled and semi-skilled migrant workers, coupled with foreseeable requirements in the EU domestic markets. There is need for a closer examination of policy initiatives to embrace bilateral flows and make the exercise beneficial for both partners. The International migration flows between India and Europe in the past had always depended on the quality and strength of engagement between the countries and regions. Currently, the EU however has a low profile in India in terms of its ability to attract the best of the talent compared to competitors such as the US and Canada. Therefore, the main challenge is to enhance the EU’s presence in India through greater participation, outreach and building of networks among academia, think tanks and the media. Student mobility need to be increased in all important sectors such as IT, healthcare, science and technology, research and development so as to help create advocacy groups and to enable a greater synergy of talent between India and the EU and enhance future cooperation, partnership and development. Easing of immigration policies for selective sectors of employment and education which are of strategic concern is also important. This will require measures for mutual recognition of degrees and skills, and a minimal window for long-term immigration and integration of third country migrant professionals and workers.
Year 2012
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28 Report

Representation of international students in the Portuguese press: Are immigrants welcome?

Authors Thais França
Year 2020
Journal Name Portuguese Journal of Social Science
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29 Journal Article

Lives in limbo: Migration experiences in Australia’s education–migration nexus

Authors Shanthi Robertson, Anjena Runganaikaloo
Year 2014
Journal Name Ethnicities
Citations (WoS) 28
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30 Journal Article

MONOLINGUAL LANGUAGE POLICY: LEGAL AND SOCIOLINGUISTIC CHARACTERISTICS

Authors Philip V. Naumov
Year 2016
Journal Name VESTNIK TOMSKOGO GOSUDARSTVENNOGO UNIVERSITETA-FILOSOFIYA-SOTSIOLOGIYA-POLITOLOGIYA-TOMSK STATE UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY SOCIOLOGY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE
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31 Journal Article

Visualising global currents of international students between 1999 and 2018

Authors Hengyu Gu, Zhibin Xu, Jiansong Zheng, ...
Year 2021
Journal Name Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space
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32 Journal Article

Main trends in development of migration policy in Ukraine

Authors Iryna Sakharuk, Svitlana Batychenko, Olena Derii, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name AMAZONIA INVESTIGA
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34 Journal Article

MODELS OF LANGUAGE POLICY IN MULTICULTURALISM

Authors Philip V. Naumov
Year 2016
Journal Name VESTNIK TOMSKOGO GOSUDARSTVENNOGO UNIVERSITETA-KULTUROLOGIYA I ISKUSSTVOVEDENIE-TOMSK STATE UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF CULTURAL STUDIES AND ART HISTORY
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35 Journal Article

Migration and cultural flows between Vietnam and Poland

Authors Grazyna Szymanska-Matusiewicz
Year 2016
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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36 Journal Article

Migration for the purposes of education in the context of modernization ideas in Azerbaijan

Authors Sergey RUMYANSEV
Description
What has changed in the post-Soviet period in the field of educational migration from Azerbaijan? The socio-political and cultural contexts are certainly quite different from those that existed, for example, during the Soviet years. In the meanwhile, the current situation is a direct continuation of the tradition of sending students abroad for "modern" knowledge. As in the previous years, a significant (if not the largest) share of intellectuals who were educated in the "West" prefer to emigrate rather than to return to the country of origin. In this regard, any hopes for a successful transfer of democratic values into Azerbaijan seem difficult to implement. The most obvious innovation of the post-Soviet period is the active involvement of young people receiving their education/educated abroad, into the policy of Diaspora-building. The latter is part and parcel of the policy of the Azeri political regime to lobby its interests in the EU, the U.S. and the countries of the former Soviet Union.
Year 2013
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37 Report

The Transnational Migration Strategies of Chinese and Indian Students in Australia

Authors George Tan, G Hugo
Year 2017
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 2
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38 Journal Article

Nkrumah's Elite: Ghanaian students in the Soviet Union in the Cold War

Authors Constantin Katsakioris
Year 2020
Journal Name PAEDAGOGICA HISTORICA
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39 Journal Article

Emerging Talents? International Students Before and After Their Career Start in Denmark

Authors Ana Mosneaga, Lars Winther
Year 2013
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 32
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40 Journal Article

Migration to Germany: Structures, processes, and discourses

Authors Birgit Glorius
Year 2018
Journal Name Regional Statistics
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41 Journal Article

Asian Transnational Families in New Zealand: Dynamics and Challenges

Authors Elsie Ho, Elsie Ho, Richard Bedford, ...
Year 2008
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 20
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42 Journal Article

Representations of East Asian students in the UK media

Authors Rachel Brooks, Rachel M. Brooks
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 2
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43 Journal Article

Migration from Central and Eastern Europe to Turkey

Authors Tuğba Acar, Deniz Karcı Korfalı
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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44 Book Chapter

Temporary Migration Programmes: the Cause or Antidote of Migrant Worker Exploitation in UK Agriculture

Authors Erica Consterdine, Sahizer Samuk
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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45 Journal Article

Beyond the ‘Migrant Network’? Exploring Assistance Received in the Migration of Brazilians to Portugal and the Netherlands

Authors Masja van Meeteren, Sonia Pereira
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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46 Journal Article

Conclusions and Reflection

Authors Peter Scholten, Mark van Ostaijen
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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47 Book Chapter

Migration and Immigrants in Europe: A Historical and Demographic Perspective

Authors Helga de Valk, Christof Van Mol
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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48 Book Chapter

Teaching Political Science in Europe

Authors Mike Goldsmith, Chris Goldsmith
Year 2010
Journal Name European Political Science
Citations (WoS) 5
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49 Journal Article

Research on Ukrainian Migration to Spain: Moving Beyond the Exploratory Approach

Authors Renáta Hosnedlová, Mikołaj Stanek, Elisa Brey
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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50 Book Chapter

Beyond immigration: Moving from Western to Global Indexes of Migration Policy

Authors Giacomo Solano, Thomas Huddleston, Migration Policy Group
Year 2021
Journal Name Global Policy
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51 Journal Article

Mobility During Pandemics: Moving Borders and Citizenship into Uncharted Territories

Authors Victoria Finn, Mari-Liis Jakobson
Year 2021
Journal Name COSMOS + TAXIS
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52 Journal Article

Processes of Transnationalism in the Nepalese Entrepreneurs in Lisbon

Authors ISEG - University of Lisbon, Alexandra Pereira
Year 2020
Journal Name IMISCOE Annual Congress 2020 Papers
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53 Journal Article

Orientamento professionale e placement dei cittadini di Paesi Terzi

Authors Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Federica De Carlo
Year 2020
Journal Name FORMAZIONE & INSEGNAMENTO. Rivista internazionale di Scienze dell'educazione e della formazione, 18(1), 418-426.
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54 Journal Article

Appartenenza culturale e disabilità. Per una lettura multidimensionale della doppia diversità in ambito educativo e sociale - Cultural belonging and disability. For a multidimensional reading of double diversity in educational and social contexts

Authors Emanuela Bini
Year 2020
Journal Name Educazione Interculturale. Teorie, Ricerche e Pratiche (vol. 18, n. 2) - Università degli Studi di Bologna
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55 Journal Article

Key Knowledge Questions on the future of the Schengen Area and the European Common Asylum System

Authors Alexandra Ricard-Guay, Andrew Geddes
Year 2020
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56 Policy Brief

A research review of education and professional development in countries with migration potential

Authors Francesco De Maria
Year 2019
Journal Name Form@re-Open Journal per la formazione in rete
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57 Journal Article

(In)visible generations: from integration to equality

Authors Maryna Manchenko, Laura Westerveen
Year 2019
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58 Policy Brief

Projektowanie dziecka w społeczeństwie norweskim. Matki z Polski wobec instytucji przedszkola

Authors Izabela Czerniejewska, Izabella Main
Year 2019
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne - Przegląd Polonijny
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59 Journal Article

Why is the recognition of credentials not just a matter of good will? Five theories and the Austrian case

Authors Thomas Pfeffer, Isabella Skrivanek
Year 2018
Journal Name European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology
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61 Journal Article

L'expérience migratoire dans l'orientations scolaire

Principal investigator Maïtena Armagnague- (Coordinator)
Description
L’objectif est d’analyser les modes d’agencement et de construction de l’orientation scolaire des jeunes migrants dans le contexte socio-institutionnel qu’est la désignation de ces publics comme « EANA » (élève allophone nouvellement arrivants). Le projet se déploierait uniquement dans les deux académies d’Île-de-France durant la première année. Il s’agirait d’analyser la construction de l’orientation scolaire des jeunes migrants dans le système éducatif français : production de discours institutionnels, pratiques des collégiens et adultes intervenant auprès d’eux. Ceci suppose de s’intéresser aux différentes étapes de l’orientation, depuis la première évaluation passée en France au vécu de l’orientation durant la période qui la suit. Cela implique aussi de s’intéresser aux interactions entre les producteurs de normes et de procédures afférentes à l’orientation (acteurs de l’Éducation nationale, collectivités territoriales, secteurs associatifs mais aussi logiciel dédié) et aux jeunes et famille qui la vivent tout en participant aussi à l’édification de référentiels normatifs. Dans chaque académie, notre méthodologie, mixte, combine suivi qualitatif (observations, entretien)d’une cohorte de 20 jeunes pendant leur troisième (en dispositif et en « inclusion » en classe ordinaire). En complément, nous réaliserons, dans les deux académies, une analyse quantitative des orientations à partir du traitement des données des bases élèves de l’Education nationale, celles dela DEPP et des CASNAV (Centre académiques pour la scolarisation des élèves nouvellement arrivés et issus de familles itinérantes ou du voyage) et analyserons la manière dont le logiciel d’affectation des élèves participe à la construction de l’orientation pour ces jeunes. Parallèlement, nous organiserons un cycle de séminaires mensuels interdisciplinaires sur l’éducation et les migrationsafin d’articuler les deux champs thématiques liés à l’éducation et aux migrations.
Year 2018
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63 Project

Goals and Gaps: Educational Careers of Immigrant Children [Italy]

Authors Michela Carlana, Eliana La Ferrara, Paolo Pinotti
Year 2018
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65 Working Paper

Growing up in Ethnic Enclaves: Language Proficiency and Educational Attainment of Immigrant Children [Germany]

Authors Alexander M. Danzer, Carsten Feuerbaum, Marc Piopiunik, ...
Year 2018
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66 Working Paper

Sirius - National and Regional Round Tables 2018

Authors Claudia Koehler, Mona Ensslin
Description
SIRIUS builds up on the national (and regional) activities and knowledge creation that took place between 2012 to 2014 with the European Commission’s support. It is expected that the national (and regional) activities within the 2017-2021 strategy have a direct impact on national policy implementation across the European Union (EU) with the goal of enabling inclusive and equitable education environments for children and young people with a migrant background. Such activities create a follow-up to the national-level cooperation and networking, recommendations and knowledge that were created and applied by SIRIUS since 2012. They will enable the transfer of research findings into policies and practice so that practitioners can better use the available evidence and advise to build policy consensus and effective implementation at school and community level. Some SIRIUS partners and policymakers have identified common regional challenges within similar contexts. For example, the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) started the cooperation as a pilot regional activity through SIRIUS. Regional cooperation has proven to be a successful and inspiring experience bringing together various ministry representatives and stakeholders. The Baltic regional cooperation will be consolidated into a partnership to tackle a wider variety of migrant education issues, particularly refugee education. This process will develop a best practice methodology that will then be transferred to other regions, particularly other new migrant and refugee destination countries, such as the Balkans
Year 2018
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68 Report

Why to employ foreign academics in Poland? Perspective of heads of university research teams

Authors Kamil Łuczaj, Janusz Mucha
Year 2018
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne-Przegląd Polonijny
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69 Journal Article

Country of Origin Effects and Impacts on Educational Attainment of Pupils with Migrant Backgrounds. Towards a New Research Agenda

Year 2017
Book Title Migrant Integration Between Homeland and Host Society Volume 1
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70 Book Chapter

Las migraciones en la agenda hispano‐argelina: De la realidad social a la invisibilidad bilateral

Authors María Jesús Cabezón Fernández
Year 2017
Journal Name Revista de Estudios Internacionales Mediterráneos
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73 Journal Article

Aspirations Disclosed: The case of Turkish-Belgian Parents in Brussels.

Authors F Zehra Colak
Year 2016
Book Title Youth in Education: The Necessity of Valuing Ethnocultural Diversity
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75 Book Chapter

On the Economics and Politics of Refugee Migration [Europe]

Authors Christian Dustmann, Francesco Fasani, Tommaso Frattini, ...
Year 2016
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76 Working Paper

Transnational educational strategies of Polish migrant mothers parenting in Great Britain

Year 2016
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne - Przegląd Polonijny
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77 Journal Article

Actitudes prejuiciosas, proceso de aculturación y adaptación de adolescentes de origen inmigrante y autóctonos

Principal investigator Marisol Navas Luque (Principal Investigator), Antonio Rojas Tejada (Principal Investigator)
Year 2016
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79 Project

Religion in Britain: Challenges for Higher Education

Authors Tariq Modood, Craig Calhoun
Year 2015
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81 Report

Improving the Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Belgium

Authors Á. Pina, V. Corluy, G. Verbist
Year 2015
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82 Working Paper

ON THE MOVE "The reality of free movement for young European citizens migrating in times of crisis

Principal investigator Mercedes Fernández (Project Manager Spanish partner)
Description
The project builds on the assumption that barriers to the exercise of fundamental rights, in this case free movement, cannot be addressed unless accurately identified. When these deal with specific population groups, such as young people, this is all the more relevant. The obstacles that young people face with respect to legislation, access to finance and resources, to name but a few, are very different from other age groups. Complementing the existing knowledge through this perspective enriches the understanding of existing barriers and obstacles to free movement in a targeted way. The project adopts a unique methodology that operates on several levels and allows for the collection, analysis and synthesis of information in a way that it sheds light into aspects of free movement that have not been explored. It uses a mixed-method approach that combines: a) empirical field research through structured interviews with young people and national authorities in the participating countries b) data collection and targeted legal research in all partner countries; c) socio-legal analysis of the data collected and d) comparative analysis of the findings. Further, the project will raise awareness at national and EU level on barriers to free movement.
Year 2015
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83 Project

Young Baltic Graduates Living and Working in London: From Peripheral Region to Escalator Region in Europe

Authors Russell King, Aija Lulle, Violetta Parutis, ...
Year 2015
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84 Working Paper

The Political Economy of Border Drawing

Authors Regine Paul
Year 2015
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85 Book

Applying to higher education: comparisons of independent and state schools

Authors Máiréad Dunne, Russell King, Jill Ahrens
Year 2014
Journal Name Studies in Higher Education
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86 Journal Article

Return Migration of Foreign Students [The Netherlands]

Authors Govert E. Bijwaard, Qi Wang
Year 2014
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88 Working Paper

Migration Policy Index

Description
The authors created an overall index of migration policies, taking into account 38 countries in the period 1996-2014. They constructed an indicator of the restrictiveness of immigration entry policy across countries as well as a more comprehensive indicator of migration policy that also accounts for staying requirements and regulations to foster integration. Specifically, they estimate a Bayesian-state space model to combine all publicly available data sources that are informative on migration policy. Therefore, starting from some of the previously-created indexes, and from a database of over 250 indicators of migration policy, they created three sub-indexes that correspond to three categories traditionally distinguished in migration policy: (1) entry policies (including family reunification); (2) stay policies (permanent as opposed to temporary migration); and (3) integration policies (including migrant rights). They constructed three different migration policy indexes, MPIE; MPIS and MPII, of respectively entry, stay, and integration policies, that asses the restrictiveness of each of these sub-fields of migration policy, as well as a comprehensive indicator MPIC reflecting the overall stance of migration policy.
Year 2014
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90 Data Set

Türkiye'nin Uluslararası Göç Politikaları, 1923-2023

Description
TÜBİTAK tarafından desteklenen “Türkiye’nin Uluslararası Göç Politikaları, 1923-2023: Ulus-devlet Oluşumundan Ulus-ötesi Dönüşümlere” konulu bu proje Türkiye’nin uluslararası göç ve sığınma politikalarını tarihsel süreç içerisinde kapsamlı ve sistemli bir şekilde ele alıp, bu politikaların güncel konumunu ve gelecekteki dönüşüm süreçlerini irdelemektedir. Modern Türkiye tarihi Cumhuriyet’in kuruluşundan bu yana farklı şekiller alan uluslararası göç ve sığınma hareketlerine sahne olmuştur. Kuruluşunun ilk yıllarında uluslararası bir nüfus mübadelesi sonucunda nüfusu önemli ölçüde göçle yenilenen Türkiye, aynı yıllarda yine yüksek sayılara varan bir soydaş göçüyle karşılaşmış, bunu köylerden kentlere gerçekleşen iç göçler ve işgücü göçleri izlemiştir. Soğuk Savaş, küreselleşme ve Türkiye’nin Avrupa Birliği’ne üyelik süreci gibi birçok gelişme ulusal ve uluslararası ortamı etkilemiş ve Türkiye’ye yönelen göçmen ve sığınmacı profilinde de belirgin değişikliklere neden olmuştur. Türkiye artık sadece göç veren ve alan bir ülke değil, aynı zamanda başka ülkelere gitmek isteyen ülke vatandaşları için geçiş yapabilecekleri bir “göç geçiş ülkesi” konumuna gelmiştir. Göç ve sığınma politikalarını tarihsel ve güncel düzeyde ele alan kapsamlı bir çalışmanın yokluğundan yola çıkan bu çalışma da, son dönemde uluslararası göç ve sığınma politikalarının Türkiye için artan önemini göz önüne alarak, hem bu politikaların ayrıntılı bir değerlendirmesini yapmayı, hem de tarihsel bir bakış açısıyla bu politikaların toplumsal, siyasal ve ekonomik yansımalarına dolaysız göndermeler de bulunmayı hedeflemiştir.
Year 2014
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
94 Report

Internationale Bildungsmigranten in der Region

Principal investigator Andreas Pott (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Im Kontext der Diskussion um demographischem Wandel und Fachkräftemangel werden internationale Studierende, die an einer Hochschule in Deutschland studieren, zunehmend als „ideale“ Zuwanderergruppe gesehen : Sie erwerben einen in Deutschland anerkannten Abschluss und sind bereits mit der deutschen Sprache, der Gesellschaft und dem Leben in diesem Land vertraut. Aus ersten Forschungen geht jedoch hervor, dass ein Eintritt in den deutschen Arbeitsmarkt, trotz ihres Potenzials, nur wenigen Bildungsmigrant_innen gelingt Zwischen Bleibewunsch und tatsächlichem Verbleib in Deutschland bestehen große Diskrepanzen. Diese verweisen auf Hürden (z.B. mangelnde Sprachkenntnisse, Informationsdefizite hinsichtlich der rechtlichen Bleibevoraussetzungen sowie fehlende Kontakte zum Arbeitsmarkt), denen insbesondere Drittstaatsangehörige beim Übergang vom Studium in den Arbeitsmarkt begegnen. Vor diesem Hintergrund stellen sich grundlegende Fragen, die es zu untersuchen gilt: Aus welcher Motivation heraus verbleiben internationale Studierende, insbesondere Drittstaatsangehörige, nach ihrem Studium in Deutschland? Welche Faktoren begünstigen die Entscheidung für den Verbleib in Deutschland? Welchen Schwierigkeiten begegnen internationale Studierende in diesem Kontext und welche Strategien entwickeln sie, damit umzugehen? Welche Akteure beeinflussen auf welche Weise den Entscheidungsprozess und die Möglichkeiten des Verbleibs in Deutschland? Bilden sich lokale/ regionale Netzwerke, in denen internationale Studierende als potenzielle Arbeitskräfte gesehen werden? Sind Universitäten die Motoren für die Integration in die deutsche Gesellschaft nach dem Studium oder endet mit dem Abschluss des Studiums auch die universitäre Zuständigkeit? Wie beobachten Akteure aus Wirtschaft, Verwaltungen und Universitäten internationale Studierende? Werden sie als potenzielle („Ideal“-)Zuwanderer wahrgenommen? Welche Strategien (Best Practice) haben die unterschiedlichen Akteure entwickelt, um internationalen Studierenden den Verbleib in Deutschland zu ermöglichen? Ziel des zweijährigen Forschungsprojekts des Instituts für Migrationsforschung und Interkulturelle Studien (IMIS) in Kooperation mit dem IQNetzwerk Niedersachsen ist es, die komplexen Prozesse der Bleibeentscheidungen und des Arbeitsmarktzugangs internationaler Bildungsmigrant_innen am Beispiel Niedersachsens zu erforschen. Die exemplarische Untersuchung soll zugleich eine empirische Grundlage zur Entwicklung von praxisbezogenen Strategien schaffen, um das Potenzial internationaler Studierender in und für regionale(n) Kontexte(n) besser zu erkennen. Eingebunden ist es in das Bundesprojekt Integration durch Qualifizierung (IQ). Das Förderprogramm IQ zielt auf die nachhaltige Verbesserung der Arbeitsmarktintegration von Erwachsenen mit ausländischen Bildungsabschlüssen bzw. Migrationshintergrund. Das Netzwerk hat in den vergangenen Jahren Instrumente, Handlungsempfehlungen sowie Beratungs- und Qualifizierungskonzepte entwickelt und erprobt. Diese sollen jetzt flächendeckend umgesetzt und in Regelangeboten verankert werden. Weitere Informationen zum Thema Arbeiten und Studieren in Deutschland erhalten Sie auch unter www.migrationsportal.de "
Year 2013
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
95 Project
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