Policies on short term (i.e. circular, seasonal) migration

Results displayed in this section refer to research on policies, laws, legislation, regulation or measures concerning short-term, circular, temporary or seasonal migration, which is generally linked with labour migration. Short-term migration is the movement of persons from their place of usual residence for a period of three months or longer, but for less than a year. Short-term migration does not include the movement with the aim of recreation, holiday, visits to friends or relatives, business, medical treatment or religious pilgrimage (EMN, 2011). Circular migration concerns the repeated movement of persons between two or more countries (UN, 1998). Seasonal migration is labour migration linked with a season-based type of work, such as agriculture. It includes, for example, temporary foreign worker programs, short-term migration policy and visa, etc.

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Circular migration in Georgia

Authors Irina BADURASHVILI
Description
Circular migration of population in the most simple way be identified as a ?? process of leaving and then returning to one?s place of origin? (Newland, 2009, p.6). As experts note, this process is not new, but ?? it is newly on the policy agenda of governments? (Newland, 2009, p.6), as it causes remarkable challenges for both donor?s and destination?s countries. This concerns Georgia as well. Emigration is a new phenomenon for Georgia. It first manifested itself at the beginning of 1990s by the large-scale emigration flows for permanent residence in other countries triggered by war and economic crisis in Georgia. Emigration patterns later transformed into temporary migration flows of working age population that left Georgia to have higher earnings abroad. Hence, as a typical post-Soviet country Georgia was seriously affected by out-migration after its independence in 1991. The last 2002 population census in Georgia registered a drop of some 20 percent compared to the population registered in the 1989 census (State Department for Statistics of Georgia, 2003).
Year 2012
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1 Report

The impact of worker effort on public sentiment toward temporary migrants

Authors Gil S. EPSTEIN, Alessandra VENTURINI
Year 2011
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2 Working Paper

The impact of worker effort on public sentiment toward temporary migrants

Authors Gil S. EPSTEIN, Alessandra VENTURINI
Year 2011
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3 Working Paper

The impact of worker effort on public sentiment toward temporary migrants

Authors Gil S. EPSTEIN, Alessandra VENTURINI
Year 2011
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4 Working Paper

The impact of worker effort on public sentiment toward temporary migrants

Authors Gil S. EPSTEIN, Alessandra VENTURINI
Year 2011
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5 Working Paper

The Impact of Worker Effort on Public Sentiment toward Temporary Migrants

Authors Gil S. EPSTEIN, Alessandra VENTURINI
Year 2011
Journal Name Research in Labor Economics, 2011, 33, 239–262
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6 Journal Article

Seasonal Migration and how to Regulate it

Authors Anna Triandafyllidou
Description
In the latest issue of ELIAMEP Thesis Anna Triandafyllidou states that the European Commission has recently issued a proposal for a Directive regulating the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of seasonal employment (COM (2010) 379 final). This Directive proposal is part of the Commission’s strategy to regulate labour migration through a piecemeal approach; notably through regulating specific categories of migrant workers. This paper discusses what seasonal migration is and how it differs from circular, temporary, or shuttle migration. It argues that seasonal migration is a form of temporary migration that has a seasonal character and hence concerns employment sectors which are characterised by seasons of high and low employment, including thus not only agriculture but also tourism and catering but normally excluding construction or domestic work for instance.The essay in hand reviews critically the Directive Proposal and argues that although it may be seen as a step forward in transparency and in bringing closer Member State provisions in the area of seasonal migration, it needs a boost as regards the protection of seasonal migrants’ labour conditions and employment rights. In view of regulating seasonal labour migration at the EU level, the Directive should also consider whether seasonal labour migrants should be allowed to move also between Member States. On the other hand, the proposal is evaluated positively for a number of features such as: not tying the worker to her/his employer, allowing for the right to join trade unions, and proposing a simplified bureaucratic procedure for multiple entry visas.
Year 2010
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9 Report

Migration circulaire des Sénégalais : Des migrations tacites aux recrutements organisés

Authors Serigne Mansour TALL, Aly TANDIAN
Description
Les migrations sénégalaises vers la France étaient caractérisées par d’incessants allers-retours connus sous le nom de phénomène ‘noria’. Cette circulation a été facilitée par les besoins d’une main-d'oeuvre peu qualifiée et l’absence de contraintes pour l’entrée et le séjour des travailleurs étrangers dans les pays de destination. A cet effet, la migration circulaire fut une pratique ancienne pour de nombreux Sénégalais avant qu’elle ne soit inscrite dans l’agenda international comme une piste de gestion concertée des migrations internationales et comme un moyen de réconcilier le couple migration et développement. Il faut, à la vérité, différencier les migrations circulaires fondées sur des accords bilatéraux qui organisent le recrutement des migrants, et celles ‘spontanées’ qui dépendent du contexte migratoire (migrations familiales, migrations saisonnières, migrations transfrontalières), en particulier la possibilité d’entrer, et de sortir, facilement dans les pays de destinations. Abstract Senegalese migration to France was characterized by incessant roundtrips, a phenomenon known as ‘noria’. Such circulation was facilitated by the needs of a low qualified workforce and the lack of constraints ruling the entry and the residence of foreign workers in destination countries. For this purpose, circular migration was an ancient practice for many Senegalese before it entered into the international agenda as a way of managing international migration and a mean to bring together migration and development. However, circular migration based on bilateral agreements, which organize the recruitment of the migrants, should be differentiated from ‘spontaneous’ ones, which depend on the migratory context (family reunification, seasonal migration, cross-border migration), in particular the possibility to enter, and exit, easily into destination countries
Year 2011
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10 Report

Migration circulaire des Sénégalais : Des migrations tacites aux recrutements organisés

Authors Serigne Mansour TALL, Aly TANDIAN
Description
Les migrations sénégalaises vers la France étaient caractérisées par d’incessants allers-retours connus sous le nom de phénomène ‘noria’. Cette circulation a été facilitée par les besoins d’une main-d'oeuvre peu qualifiée et l’absence de contraintes pour l’entrée et le séjour des travailleurs étrangers dans les pays de destination. A cet effet, la migration circulaire fut une pratique ancienne pour de nombreux Sénégalais avant qu’elle ne soit inscrite dans l’agenda international comme une piste de gestion concertée des migrations internationales et comme un moyen de réconcilier le couple migration et développement. Il faut, à la vérité, différencier les migrations circulaires fondées sur des accords bilatéraux qui organisent le recrutement des migrants, et celles ‘spontanées’ qui dépendent du contexte migratoire (migrations familiales, migrations saisonnières, migrations transfrontalières), en particulier la possibilité d’entrer, et de sortir, facilement dans les pays de destinations. Abstract Senegalese migration to France was characterized by incessant roundtrips, a phenomenon known as ‘noria’. Such circulation was facilitated by the needs of a low qualified workforce and the lack of constraints ruling the entry and the residence of foreign workers in destination countries. For this purpose, circular migration was an ancient practice for many Senegalese before it entered into the international agenda as a way of managing international migration and a mean to bring together migration and development. However, circular migration based on bilateral agreements, which organize the recruitment of the migrants, should be differentiated from ‘spontaneous’ ones, which depend on the migratory context (family reunification, seasonal migration, cross-border migration), in particular the possibility to enter, and exit, easily into destination countries
Year 2011
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11 Report

Circular migration

Authors Klaus Zimmermann
Journal Name IZA World of Labor
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12 Journal Article

Sirkulær migrasjon Midlertidig arbeidsinnvandring av ufaglært arbeidskraft fra utviklingsland

Authors Åsmund Arup Seip, Kaja Reegård, Anne Marte Skaland
Description
Sirkulær migrasjon handler om personer som reiser til et annet land for kortere eller lengre tid, for deretter å reise videre eller vende tilbake til sitt opprinnelsesland. I denne rapporten ser vi på slik midlertidig arbeidsvandring av ufaglært arbeidskraft fra utviklingsland. Sentralt står spørsmålet om migrasjon fører til utvikling og om det bidrar til å redusere fattigdom. Rapporten tar for seg migrasjonsordninger for ufaglærte både i Norge og i andre land, og peker på hvilke valg og avveininger som må gjøres dersom myndighetene ønsker å etablere nye ordninger. For å illustrere ulike muligheter, presenterer rapporten noen modeller for sirkulær migrasjon.
Year 2010
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13 Report

Circular Migration Schemes: Renewed Interests in the Destination Countries

Authors Derya OZKUL
Description
This article looks at the emergence of the concept of circular migration in the European Union (EU) and makes three main arguments. First, it argues that circular migration as a concept is not a new phenomenon but that if the circular migration schemes (CMSs) are implemented in a strictly controlled manner, they can lead to even more unexpected results than those of previous guest-worker programmes. As the old temporary guest-worker programmes proved that temporary migration was not a temporary issue, the presently discussed legislation on CMSs can illustrate that migrants cannot be forcibly circulated, without creating new allegiances and new sub/supra national identities that would eventually alter the very foundations of the national states. Second, looking at the developmental discourse of the legislative debates, the article argues that instead of a triple-win situation, CMSs conceal the further securitisation of the EU’s borders, which, in turn can transform national governments’ authority over the longer term. This is related to the third and final argument. The very emergence of these schemes evinces the change in time and space configurations in the contemporary world, which illustrates the liberal paradox faced by national states. Instead of limiting the discussion on whether or not to launch the CMSs, this article ultimately elaborates on structural changes that facilitate their emergence and finally on their implications that should be considered in a broader sense. Résumé Cette analyse s’attache à définir les contours du concept de migration circulaire au sein de l’Union européenne (UE), et à dresser un argumentaire divisé en trois sections. D’une part, l’étude part du postulat que la migration circulaire définie comme concept n’est pas un phénomène nouveau et que la mise en oeuvre des schémas de la migration circulaire (SMC) sous un contrôle strict serait de nature à conduire à des résultats beaucoup moins prévisibles que ceux ressortant des précédents programmes de travailleurs invités. Ces anciens programmes de travailleurs invités temporaires ont bien attesté que la migration temporaire ne relevait pas d’une question temporaire : les débats législatifs en cours autour de l’adoption d’une réglementation ès SMC révèlent que les migrants ne peuvent être contraints à circuler, sans précisément générer de nouvelles allégeances et de nouvelles identités sous- et supranationales de nature à altérer substantiellement les bases des Etats nationaux. D’autre part, et au regard des principaux arguments ressortant des débats législatifs, cet article argumente que, au lieu de tracer les contours d’un jeu à triple somme positive, les SMC se proposent d’assurer de facto une plus grande sécurisation des frontières de l’UE ce qui, en retour, pourrait amener à alimenter une controverse quant à l’autorité des gouvernements nationaux et ce, sur un long terme. Cette question est étroitement liée au troisième et dernier argument. En effet, l’émergence de ces schémas manifeste un changement profond et substantiel dans la configuration du temps et de l’espace du monde actuel, ce qui atteste, en retour, du paradoxe libéral au sein duquel sont versés les Etats nationaux. La présente analyse se propose d’aller au-delà du débat entourant l’opportunité ou non de dresser des SMC et se penche, en dernier lieu, à la fois sur les changements structurels de nature à faciliter précisément leur émergence, et sur leurs implications largement entendues.
Year 2011
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14 Report

The Temporary Nature of Ukrainian Migration: Definitions, Determinants and Consequences

Authors Marta Kindler, Agata Górny
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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15 Book Chapter

Circular migration : Belarus

Authors Larissa TITARENKO
Description
Circular mobility being interpreted as a fluid movement of people between countries presumes that it can bring benefits to all the parties involved. However, in regard to contemporary Belarus, circular migration and - broadly - circular mobility bring more problems than benefits. In the long-term perspective, Belarus, as a country of origin, seems to lose more than to gain even if there are some short-term benefits (such as remittances and decrease of potential unemployment pressure on the Belarusian economy). In what follows I explain the pluses and minuses of circular migration.
Year 2012
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16 Report

Circular migration : introductory remarks

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2013
Book Title Circular migration between Europe and its neighbourhood : choice or necessity
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17 Book Chapter

The drive for securitised temporariness

Authors Jean-Pierre CASSARINO
Year 2013
Book Title Circular migration between Europe and its neighbourhood : choice or necessity
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18 Book Chapter

Legal aspects of circular migration in the Republic of Armenia

Authors Petros AGHABABYAN
Description
Seasonal labour migration has been present in Armenia since the 1960s and the times of the Soviet Union. During those years 50,000 people from densely populated rural areas annually left their country, above all going to Russia, in order to work in construction: this phenomenon was known as “khopanchiner” (labour migrants) and its Russian synonym “shabashniki”. As a rule, departure from Armenia starts in early spring, reaching its height in March and April, and the return starts in the autumn in the second half of October. Annually, 60,000-80,000 people leave Armenia for seasonal work due to low salaries, lack of work and poor prospects. The main destination countries are the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Belarus due to the visa free regime, lack of language obstacles and then comes the US and other European countries. Though there is no legal formulation for circular migration in Armenian legislation, circular migration is indirectly referred to in separate legal acts and a number of international agreements/treaties signed by Armenia. They contribute or can contribute to the establishment of circular migration. They can stimulate it, as well as coordinate, to a certain extent, circular migration. Legal aspects of circular migration should be observed from two angles: Circular migration in case of foreigners’ or stateless persons’ entry and residence in Armenia. Circular migration when Armenian citizens leaving the RA.
Year 2012
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19 Report

Circular migration in Georgia

Authors Mirian TUKHASHVILI
Description
A critical limitation in addressing circular migration trends and characteristics of circular migration from Georgia is the lack of appropriate statistics to quantitatively measure and assess the phenomenon. The current system in this respect is disastrous. In Georgia, even the balance of external migration cannot be established, there are practically no statistical data as regards territorial population mobility. In this regard, the immediate substantial reform of the official migration statistics and its provision with respective resources is indispensable. On the other hand, migration research in general, including research on circular migration, requires significant development. It needs to acquire a systemic nature, as the existing incidental studies are fragmented and completely inadequate compared to the significance of the problem. Given the current situation, this note will first address the importance of developing and supporting circular migration schemes for Georgia. Second, it will offer a number of crucial measures to be inserted in rational and efficient circular migration policies.
Year 2012
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20 Report

Les Migrants et leurs mouvements

Principal investigator Mathieu Ichou (Coordinator)
Description
Ce projet prolonge et développe les efforts collectifs de l’unité Migrations internationales et minorités (MIM) visant à explorer la diversité, la complexité et la variabilité des migrations internationales, notamment pour dépasser l’idée de flux unilatéraux de migrants permanents se déplaçant de pays pauvres (au Sud) vers des pays riches (au Nord). Différentes analyses seront développées autour de la mesure des migrations sous toutes leurs formes : flux migratoires passés et présents ; flux entrants mais également sortants – avec toutes les difficultés que leur mesure empirique implique ; migrations temporaires ; migrations circulaires. Plusieurs recherches s’intéresseront à la place et au rôle des migrations internationales dans les trajectoires biographiques individuelles. Une attention particulière sera portée à la sélectivité des migrations internationales, à partir de la comparaison entre les caractéristiques sociales des migrants et celles des non-migrants dans leur pays d’origine. Les trajectoires d’émigration, notamment les mobilités étudiantes mais aussi les remigrations – notamment les migrations de retour d’immigrés dans leur pays de naissance – seront étudiées en détail. Enfin, les conséquences de la migration sur les proches non-migrants constitueront un objet d’étude important, par exemple la situation des familles dont les membres peuvent être dispersés dans plusieurs lieux. L’idée est de souligner la dimension dynamique de ces familles transnationales : échanges et va-et- vient entre les pays de départ et d’arrivée ; recompositions ; trajectoires familiales sur plusieurs pays, au-delà de la dimension binaire (départ/arrivée) ; etc. Financements externes liés à cet axe de recherche : - Projet MAFE https://mafeproject.site.ined.fr/ - Projet TEMPER http://www.temperproject.eu/
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21 Project

The difficult conceptualisation of circular migration between the EU and the MENA region

Authors Tamirace FAKHOURY
Year 2010
Journal Name Journal of identity and migration studies
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23 Journal Article

Circular migration in the Russian Federation

Authors Vladimir MUKOMEL
Description
The principal subject of this paper concerns circular migrants entering the Russian Federation. The paper assesses a variety of issues, including appraisals and circular migration scales, sociodemographic profiles of circular migrants, and the presence of such migrants within the Russian labour market (including the types of economic activity concerned and the distribution of the various migrants amongst professional groups). Various ways and modalities of discourses concerning circular migration itself and the prospects of circular migration in Russia are analyzed.
Year 2012
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24 Report

Circular Migration between Spain and Morocco: Something more than agricultural work?

Authors Carmen GONZÁLEZ ENRÍQUEZ, Miquel REYNÉS RAMÓN
Description
Circular migration between Morocco and Spain is currently restricted to a very narrow labour niche, the temporary agricultural work. Despite the geographical proximity between the two countries and the large number of Moroccan immigrants on Spanish soil, circular migration characterises only a minimal part of the migratory phenomenon. Other forms of circularity found in close and similar countries also related with Morocco, as Italy, are not present in Spain due to a variety of geographical and institutional reasons. The short periods Moroccan circular migrants spend in Spain and the low qualification of their jobs result in a small effect on development on origin. The report presents proposals to enlarge the scope of circular migration and open it to more qualified jobs.
Year 2011
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25 Report

Circular migration in Armenia

Authors Haykanush CHOBANYAN
Year 2012
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26 Report

Circular Migration : Economic Aspects

Authors Refik ERZAN
Year 2008
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27 Report

The legal framework for circular migration in Belarus

Authors Oleg BAKHUR
Description
In this paper we regard circular migration as recurrent entry (and subsequent departure) of foreign citizens to the Republic of Belarus, as well as Belarusian citizens to other countries for a short period of time for employment and labor activities, as well as for studies. It should be noted that the term ?circular migration? is not used in Belarusian legislation. Nevertheless Belarus concluded a number of international agreements directed at regulation of labor migration and adopted national legal acts on labor migration and other types of migration that we can consider circular. As far as the main component of circular migration is labor migration, its legislative regulation is ensured by legal acts on labor migration (both international and national) that we have studied in detail in the paper devoted to labor migration.1
Year 2012
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28 Report

Circular Migration: A Legal Perspective

Authors Marise CREMONA
Year 2008
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29 Report

Report on Circular Migration in Egypt

Authors Tarek BADAWY
Description
This paper shows that the different migration policies reflect the national concern with alleviating the burden the increasing population imposes on national resources. On the one hand, Egyptian laws favor temporary labor migration as a labor distress mechanism and seek to create new opportunities via bilateral agreements. On the other hand, Egyptian laws reject the integration of non-nationals in Egypt and impose strict conditions regarding work and residency permits and naturalization. The paper assesses Egyptian migration laws dealing with migration, both into or out of Egypt, against the criteria of circular migration and shows that the existing framework currently enforces a quasi-circular migration at best. In the examination of Egypt as a sending country, the paper shows that migration law does in fact provide a legal framework that meets most of the criteria favoring circular migration. Nevertheless, legislation suffers from shortcomings within the context of management, in terms of readmitting returned migrants or creating incentives for their return. The paper also points to discriminatory provisions regarding fundamental rights among the different groups of foreigners in Egypt, where the most disadvantaged are refugees and asylum seekers. The paper highlights the need for policies that improve the economic and social conditions of migrants, and to include refugees in circular migration programs as well as reduce the recourse to illegal migration among refugees and Egyptians alike.
Year 2008
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30 Report

The demographic and economic framework of circular migration in Azerbaijan

Authors Arif YUNUSOV
Description
The brief review shows that the overwhelming majority of Azerbaijani migrants works and stays regularly in other countries; they have poor communication with state agencies, which causes lots of problems for migrants and receiving countries. The same can be said about migrants staying in Azerbaijan. But the main thing is the lack of understanding over circular migration. This understanding can help reduce circular migration and puts irregular emigration and immigration into a legal framework.
Year 2012
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31 Report

Circular Migration in Jordan, 1995-2006

Authors Fathi A. AROURI
Year 2008
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32 Report

Circular Migration between Morocco and Italy

Authors Piotr PLEWA
Year 2010
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33 Report

Patterns of Circular Migration in the Euro-Mediterranean Area: Implications for Policy-Making

Authors Jean-Pierre CASSARINO
Description
This study lays emphasis on the existence of various patterns of circular migration in South Mediterranean countries, which are shaped by changing circumstances and structural factors fostering and sometimes disrupting migrants’ mobility. It sets out to determine the preconditions and possible improvements in terms of measures and instruments that need to be considered to optimise circular migration programmes for developmental ends, in cooperation with South Mediterranean countries.
Year 2008
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35 Report

Escaping Famine Through Seasonal Migration

Authors Gharad Bryan, Shyamal Chowdhury, Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak
Journal Name SSRN Electronic Journal
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36 Journal Article

Circular migration schemes in the European Union Member States: Learning form the German and Austrian Guest Worker Programs of the 1960/70s

Authors Elisabeth PETZL
Description
The term “Circular Migration” has recently become fashionable in the European Union as part of the search for sustainable and beneficial immigration policies for Member States. Indeed, circular migration has been presented as a solution to a range of migration challenges that have arisen during the last decades; particularly, it would generate win-win-win situations for countries of destination, countries of origin as well as for migrants themselves. However, although a number of ideas and proposals for circular migration have been developed, and despite the fact that the European Commission and other international stakeholders have already taken up the idea as a magic bullet, concrete proposals are still missing. This paper presents a synopsis of different notions of circular migration through a review of the literature and by looking from a historical and comparative perspective at the 1960s guest worker programs, which shaped migration policies in Germany and Austria. Le terme “migration circulaire” est récemment devenu un terme en vogue au sein de l’Union européenne dans le cadre de la recherche de politiques durables et bénéfiques pour les États membres. En effet, la migration circulaire est présentée comme étant la solution à une série de défis migratoires apparus au cours des dernières décennies ; elle créerait, de fait, des situations positives tant pour les pays de destination que pour les pays d'origine, ainsi que pour les migrants. Toutefois, bien qu'un certain nombre d'idées et de propositions en la matière ont été avancées, et que la Commission européenne et d'autres acteurs internationaux la présente comme une formule magique, les propositions concrètes font toujours défaut. Cet article propose une synthèse des différentes notions sur la migration circulaire rencontrées dans la littérature ainsi que dans l’étude, dans une perspective historique et comparative, des programmes des travailleurs immigrés qui ont façonné les politiques migratoires en Allemagne et en Autriche au cours des années 1960.
Year 2010
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37 Report

Temporary and Circular Migration: The Egyptian Case

Authors Heba NASSAR
Year 2008
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38 Report

La migration circulaire au Mali : diagnostic et perspectives

Authors Modibo KEITA
Description
L’article montre que dans le domaine de la migration internationale la migration circulaire ne renvoie pas à une réalité nouvelle ni particulière. Elle représente plutôt une piste de solution pour la régulation des flux migratoires irréguliers. Si le concept en soi n’est pas nouveau, il demeure relativement flou. L’article se penche de manière critique sur sa conception et sa mise en œuvre étatique récemment introduite au Mali et qui présente des avantages, mais aussi de nombreuses faiblesses du point de vue de l’Etat de droit. Il donne une vue d’ensemble des expériences étatiques en cours et se termine avec quelques recommandations susceptibles de contribuer à une maîtrise durable des flux migratoires. Abstract The analytical note shows that in international migration, circular migration is neither a new nor characteristic phenomenon. It rather represents a potential solution for governing irregular migration flows. Then even if the concept is not new, it remains unclear. This note, therefore, critically tackles the state-led conception and implementation of circular migration that has recently been introduced into Mali and that has – notwithstanding its advantages – numerous disadvantages from the perspective of a rule-of-law state. The note provides an overview of the government’s implementation of circular migration and concludes with some recommendations for the sustainable governance of migratory flows.
Year 2010
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41 Report

Circular migration of the population of the Republic of Moldova

Authors Valeriu MOSNEAGA
Description
The specific nature of Moldovan circular migration to the CIS and EU is determined by two criteria: vector (direction) of migration and nature of employment in destination countries. According to the results of public opinion poll, mainly people from the villages participate in circular migration to the CIS; heads of households, men with secondary or vocational education. For them labor migration abroad is a secondary form of employment, and it is seasonal. Circular migrants to the other countries are predominantly women, and a great share of them have higher education. There are significant differences which determine circular nature of migration, especially in the impact of push and pull factors. Labor migration to the CIS countries is determined to a greater extent by the migrants' and their households' need to survive, while migration to the EU countries is conditioned by the greater living (functioning) opportunities for migrants and their families. Visa regime, high travel expenses have a significant impact on the nature of circular migration to the EU. It explains greater length of trips. Work trip to the CIS (mainly to Russia) usually lasts around 7 months, while in the EU it's twice longer, 15 months. Quite often it stimulates non-return migration. In the conditions of modern financial and economic crisis of 2008-2010 circular migration acquired several new features. These include delayed nature of migration, greater comparable choice possibilities in terms of destination countries and countries of origin, uncertainty and mass multiple choices of its implementation.
Year 2012
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42 Report

The legal framework for circular migration in Azerbaijan

Authors Alovsat ALIYEV
Description
This report describes circular migration in Azerbaijan, state policy for this pattern of migration and the impact of this policy on migrants.
Year 2012
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43 Report

Circular Migration Between Italy and Morocco: A case study

Authors Camilla DEVITT
Description
Circular economic migration refers to circular movements, which are partly motivated by either making or saving money. Moroccan migration to Italy has been sedentary rather than circular over the past two decades due to four main factors: visa requirements; employee status and employment based work permits; low earnings; and the absence of a livelihood in Morocco. I present a typology of forms of circular migration between Morocco and Italy based on existing theoretical and empirical research on (circular) migration and interviews with 30 Moroccan circular economic migrants and 21 Italian and Moroccan policymakers, stakeholders, key informants and researchers, conducted during the period June-November 2010. Italian and Moroccan policies, which incentivise and obstruct circularity are also discussed.
Year 2011
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44 Report

Circular Migration between Albania and Greece

Authors Thanos MAROUKIS, Eda GEMI
Year 2010
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46 Report

Circular Migration between Morocco and Spain

Authors Carmen GONZÁLEZ ENRÍQUEZ, Miquel REYNÉS RAMÓN
Year 2010
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47 Report

Seasonal Migration and how to Regulate it

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2010
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48 Working Paper

The legal framework for circular migration in Moldova

Authors Tatiana CIUMAS
Description
At the moment the legislation in force is limited to granting the right to stay for foreigners who enter the country and determines maintenance of this right based on the validity of a resident permit. When re-entering the country and/or re-applying for a residency right the authorities will check if the person fulfills the conditions for granting the respective right rather than the benefit for the country. For the Republic of Moldova circular migration, even as a concept, is something new and unexplored. Besides the Agreement and Protocol signed with Italy other bilateral agreements have a rather limited content, concentrating more on social aspects. At the same time the implementation of the Italian Agreement, based on circular migration schemes, is a challenge for the authorities. After all, the population who wanted to emigrate from Moldova is already settled out of the country or does not want to return. For the Republic of Moldova circular migration is a perspective for ?keeping? nationals in the country and for avoiding the negative impact of emigration and a way for stimulating nationals to invest in the country
Year 2012
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49 Report

Circular Migration Patterns: Migration between Ukraine and Poland

Authors Krystyna IGLICKA, Katarzyna GMAJ
Year 2010
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50 Report

The legal framework for circular migration in Ukraine

Authors Lyudmila DAVYDOVYCH
Description
During 2011 the visa-immigration legislation of Ukraine was radically changed. New decrees and laws of Ukraine were adopted, visa procedures as well as procedure of entry-exit were simplified. For instance, instead of twenty-two types of Ukrainian visas there are now three types (short and long stay, transit visa). In case a foreigner needs to prolong his/her stay in Ukraine (for instance his/her working contract has been prolonged) he/she may do it without leaving Ukraine with a view to applying for a new long-stay visa ?D? at Ukrainian consulate abroad. Members of migrant families of migrants that temporarily or permanently reside in Ukraine received a right to apply for a long stay. This new visa legislation should enhance the circular migration of foreign citizens in Ukraine. Ukrainian legislation protects migrant rights ? citizens of Ukraine working and residing abroad through national legislation and provisions of bilateral agreemants. At the same time there is the need to expand a network of bilateral agreemants in the field of social security and the protection of rights of Ukrainian citizens migrants residing and working abroad.
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
51 Report

Circular Migration in Eastern Partnership Countries: An overview

Authors Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Shushanik MAKARYAN, Sergo MANANASHVILI, ...
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
52 Report

La migration circulaire au Mali : aspects démographiques et économiques

Authors Sadio TRAORÉ
Description
Résumé De nombreux acteurs ont pris conscience de la nécessité d’intégrer les migrations internationales au cœur des stratégies et politiques de développement socio-économique des états. Ainsi, elles font désormais l’objet d’un dialogue qui transcende les frontières nationales. La recherche de solutions à l’immigration irrégulière par le développement de voies d’immigration légales appropriées, prenant en compte les préoccupations des pays de départ, a fait émerger la notion de migrations circulaires. Cette étude dresse un état des lieux des migrations circulaires au Mali dans une perspective démographique et économique. La base de données utilisée est celle de l’enquête malienne sur les migrations de 1993. La circularité y est apparue comme un fait important et ancien qui a évolué dans le sillage du durcissement de la politique d’accueil dans les pays de destination. Elle est examinée en relation avec le cycle de vie du migrant. Ses déterminants sont également analysés. Concernant la gestion migratoire, l’étude conclut que les migrations circulaires ne pourraient se substituer à plus long terme au problème global des migrations au Mali, en raison du chômage et du sous-emploi croissant, notamment chez les jeunes. Abstract The growing interest in the link between migration and socio-economic development has led to an international debate over these issues in the framework of inter-state cooperation. The notion of “circular migration” has, indeed, emerged as a potential weapon against irregular migration patterns. This paper analyzes circular migration trends in Mali in demographic and economic terms. Its determinants are also discussed. Data are taken from the 1993 Malian survey on migrations. In Mali, circular migration is viewed as a longstanding phenomenon, which is of growing importance with the strengthening of border controls in European immigration countries. From the point of view of migration management, we conclude that in Mali, circular migration can no longer be considered as a tool for reducing flows given the critical levels of unemployment and underemployment there, especially among the young, levels which have been growing still worse in recent times.
Year 2010
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
53 Report

Towards a Better Understanding of Circular Migration

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2010
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
54 Report

Circular Migration and Turkey: A Legal Perspective

Authors Ibrahim KAYA
Year 2008
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
55 Report

The legal framework for circular migration in Georgia

Authors Gaga GABRICHIDZE
Description
Generally, the Georgian legislative framework in the field of migration is extremely liberal. With regard to mobility and employment there are no or minimal limitations. Therefore, notwithstanding the absence of the definition of ?circular migration?, there are several provisions which support repetitive back and forth mobility.
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
56 Report

Circular Migration between Ukraine and Hungary: Background Report

Authors Ayse CAGLAR, Tibor SILLO, Ignacy JÓZWIAK
Year 2011
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
57 Report

Circular Migration Patterns Migration between Ukraine and Poland

Authors Krystyna IGLICKA, Katarzyna GMAJ
Year 2011
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
58 Report

The demographic and economic framework of circular migration in Moldova

Authors Vladimir GANTA
Description
circular migration solves some problems in reducing unemployment and poverty, supplying additional labour for seasonal work in Moldova. It reduces the social impact on families left home, but it also creates conditions for serious future structural misbalances. The Moldovan Government undertakes efforts to make migrants keep their relations with Moldova. It even encourages them to return for good. But the differences in income levels between host countries and Moldova are too large, so these efforts do not have the desired effect. Expectations are pessimistic. It is assumed that circular migrants will keep in contact with Moldova only while they have family members there. Moreover, integration policies developed in hostcountries are expected to speed-up the process of breaking links with the home-country. Last, but not least: the economic crisis makes circular migration more expensive. Travelling between Moldova and the host-country implies both financial costs and the risk of losing the job.
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
60 Report

Circular Migration by Mexican Female Sex Workers Who are Injection Drug Users: Implications for HIV in Mexican Sending Communities

Authors Victoria D. Ojeda, Victoria D. Ojeda, José Luis Burgos, ...
Year 2012
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Citations (WoS) 5
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
61 Journal Article

Expatriate Childhood. Children's Experiences of Temporary Migration. / Ekspatriaattilapsuus: Lasten kokemuksia tilapäisestä maahanmuutosta. (438 874 €)

Principal investigator Mari Korpela ()
Description
Project description: Increasing numbers of highly educated migrants work abroad temporarily. Often, these expatriates are accompanied by their children but very little is known about the children although their wellbeing is important for the families’ comfort. This ethnographic study investigates such children (8-15 years old) in Finland. The study asks how the children experience their temporary migration and their lifestyle that includes frequent transnational mobility. What kind of lives do they lead? How do they negotiate their identities and place within the current system of nation states? What the significance of nationalities, cosmopolitanism and class is? The project investigates the children’s lives and views, develops theory on transnational mobility and child migration, and produces information for policy-makers, teachers, expatriate families and children. Research material includes field diaries on participant observation, interviews, and visual data produced together with the children. / Hankkeen julkinen kuvaus: Yhä useampi korkeasti koulutettu asiantuntija työskentelee tilapäisesti ulkomailla. Usein nämä ekspatriaatit tulevat lastensa kanssa, mutta lapsista tiedetään hyvin vähän vaikka heidän viihtymisensä on tärkeää perheiden hyvinvoinnille. Tämä etnografinen tutkimus perehtyy 8-15-vuotiaisiin ekspatriaattilapsiin Suomessa. Tutkimuksessa kysytään miten lapset kokevat tilapäisen maahanmuuttonsa sekä ylirajaisesti liikkuvan elämäntapansa. Millaista elämää he elävät? Miten he määrittelevät identiteettiään ja paikkaansa vallitsevassa kansallisvaltiojärjestelmässä? Mikä on kansallisuuksien, kosmopoliittisuuden ja luokan merkitys? Projektissa perehdytään lasten elämään ja näkemyksiin, kehitetään teoriaa ylirajaisesta liikkuvuudesta ja lapsisiirtolaisuudesta sekä tuotetaan opettajille, ekspatriaattiperheille ja - lapsille sekä viranomaisille hyödyllistä tietoa. Tutkimusaineisto koostuu osallistuvasta havainnoinnista, haastatteluista ja yhdessä lasten kanssa tuotetusta visuaalisesti materiaalista.
Year 2019
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
62 Project

The demographic and economic framework of circular migration in Belarus

Authors Anastacia BOBROVA, Liudmila SHAKHOTSKA
Description
Defining and thus measuring circular migration is a difficult task. Its definition is far from clear either at an academic or at the political level. In a comprehensive article Newland (2009) tries to identify all definitional issues by summarizing four dimensions which have been used to approach circular migration schemes: 1. spatial, which involves both the origin and the destination country; 2. temporal, which includes both short and long term movements; 3. iterative, including more than one cycle; and 4. developmental, describing a win-win-win process implying benefits for the country of origin, the country of destination and the migrant himself. When trying to measure this phenomenon, Belarus faces specific challenges as, at the time of writing, neither comprehensive statistics nor ad hoc surveys capture one specific trait of circularity, namely its repetitiveness.
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
63 Report

The legal framework for circular migration in the Russian Federation

Authors Vadim VOINICOV
Description
Our analysis of the Russian legislation shows that there are no special rules on circular migration. At the moment migration legislation does not contain provisions which facilitate back-and-forth mobility of the migrants. Moreover, Russian rules are not flexible in terms of work and residence permits. Absence from Russia for more than 6 months means grounds to refuse or to revoke work or residence permits. At the moment Russian legislators are seeking ways to create the most favorable rules for migrants who want to come to Russia for temporary labor activity on a regular basis. The Concept of the State Migration Policy of the Russian Federation for the Period to 2025 shows the direction of Russian legislation in this sphere. Thus, it is possible to suppose that the concept of circular migration will be developed in the framework of the Russian legislation over the medium term.
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
64 Report

Azerbaijan in the context of circular migration processes

Authors Sergey RUMYANSEV
Description
First, I will analyse the effects of this type of migration that are significant for Azerbaijan as a country of emigration (this being, in my view, the most important aspect); ? Second, I will assess the impact of circular migration on Azerbaijan as the country receiving work migrants (though this aspect is not central); ? Third, I will offer my thoughts about the situation of work migrants, those leaving Azerbaijan and those arriving in this country to work.
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
65 Report

Proceedings of Two CARIM Meetings on Circular Migration

Authors CARIM
Description
The first section provides a summary of the discussions and debates held on the concept of circular migration during the CARIM Intensive Thematic Session. Divided into three sections, the report brings together interdisciplinary findings derived from the demographic, economic, legal and socio-political perspectives. The second section brings together and summarises the key note speeches, discussions and findings of the CARIM Meeting between Policy Makers and Experts. While English was the main language, French was also used and is reproduced here to preserve points of view as they were stated at the time.
Year 2008
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66 Report

Temporary migration, integration and the role of Policies

Principal investigator Herbert Brücker (Principal Investigator), Stella Capuano (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Durch die stetige Reduktion der Reise- und Telekommunikationskosten bei nahezu gleichbleibenden Einkommensunterschieden in Europa wird Migration und Rückwanderung zu einem weit verbreiteten Phänomen. Das TEMPO Forschungsprojekt erweitert unser Wissen über dieses wichtige Forschungsfeld hinsichtlich verschiedener Dimensionen. Zuerst werden verschiedene Datensätze aufgebaut mit deren Hilfe die Ursache und Wirkung temporärer Migration untersucht wird. Zweitens wird die Integration der Migranten in das Wirtschaftssystem analysiert und die Zeitdimension der Migrationsentscheidung in Verbindung gesetzt. Schließlich werden die politischen Entscheidungsprozesse hinsichtlich temporärer Migration und Rückmigration untersucht und deren Wohlfahrtseffekte analysiert. Projektziel Untersuchung der Arbeitsmarktwirkungen temporärer Migration Beteiligte Institute Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung der Bundesagentur für Arbeit Erasmus University Rotterdam, Department of Economics Universität Wien, Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre Hamburgisches WeltWirtschaftsInstitut "
Year 2009
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67 Project

Temporary Migration and the Investment into Human Capital

Authors Christian DUSTMANN
Year 1991
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
68 Working Paper

Migration circulaire au Liban

Authors Hassan JOUNI
Description
Lebanon is an emigration country by nature, but the country hosts foreign nationals too. Circular migration is absent from the Lebanese policy making. Nevertheless, various legal provisions show that the phenomenon does exist for specific categories of workers. The Lebanese legal and social framework allows circular migration in Lebanon. It appears that, within the Lebanese authorities, a debate is underway on the best manner to ensure circularity in the case of the emigration of skilled Lebanese migrants. Le Liban est un pays d’émigration par excellence mais aussi un pays d’accueil des immigrés. La migration circulaire est une notion absente du paysage juridico-politique libanais. Pourtant, plusieurs dispositions du droit libanais attestent de ce phénomène pour certaines catégories d’immigrés d’une façon claire et nette. Par ailleurs, le cadre juridique et social permet l’existence d’immigrés circulaires au Liban. Enfin, il apparaît qu’à l’échelle des autorités libanaises, une réflexion est actuellement menée sur les moyens d’assurer la circularité des élites émigrées libanaises.
Year 2009
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
69 Report

Polish circular migration and marginality: A livelihood strategy approach

Year 2016
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne - Przegląd Polonijny
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
71 Journal Article

Circular Migration Patterns Migration between Ukraine and Hungary

Authors Ayse CAGLAR, Tibor SILLO, Ignacy JÓZWIAK, ...
Year 2011
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
73 Report

Globalisierung von unten: Zirkuläre Migrationen zwischen Südasien und Afrika, ca. 1850-2000

Principal investigator Margret Frenz (Principal Investigator)
Description
Migration ist ein konstitutierendes Element post-imperialer und globaler Welten und hat breite, aber asymmetrische historiographische Aufmerksamkeit erhalten. Die Asymmetrie zeigt sich in mehrfacher Hinsicht: bei der ungleichen Aufmerksamkeit, die verschiedene europäische Kolonialreiche und deren Schnittstellen erhalten; bei der Vernachlässigung der postkolonialen Zeit und der Implikationen von flows, die während der Kolonialzeit etabliert wurden; bei der Vernachlässigung von flows, die nicht nur zu und von einer Metropole ausgingen, sondern auch Migration innerhalb und außerhalb eines spezifischen Kolonialreichs miteinbeziehen; und bei der relativen Vernachlässigung der Implikationen von Migration für diejenigen, die zurückgelassen wurden oder migriert sind, d.h. den Erfahrungen von Migrant(inn)en und ihren sozialen Welten eine Stimme zu verleihen. Es ist das Ziel von GloBe, diese Themen ins Zentrum der Analyse zu rücken.GloBe vergleicht multidimensionale, zirkuläre Migrationsbewegungen von Südasiat(inn)en nach Ostafrika, Mosambik und Südafrika. Dieser Fokus bietet eine neuartige Perspektive in der Erforschung der Migrationsgeschichte des westlichen Indischen Ozeans, die neue, vergleichende Sichtweisen auf unterschiedliche Arten von Migrationsbewegungen eröffnet, sowie auf Mobilität über verschiedene Kolonialreiche und Nationalstaaten hinweg, und auch auf soziale Beziehungen innerhalb und zwischen Migrant(inn)en und lokaler Bevölkerung. Es ist daher von großer Bedeutung, zirkuläre Migrationsbewegungen zwischen Südasien und Afrika im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert zu analysieren. Südasien blieb ein Referenzpunkt für Südasiat(inn)en, die in Afrika leb(t)en und war auch ein Ort, an den manche Migrant(inn)en zurückkehrten oder den sie regelmäßig besuchten, um ihre Verbindungen über den westlichen Indischen Ozean zu pflegen.GloBe wird südasiatische Migrant(inn)en nach Afrika, ihre historischen Spuren, die Kontinuitäten und Transformationen ihrer Bewegungen sowie die Ähnlichkeiten und Differenzen zwischen ihrer Migration in verschiedene Teile Afrikas untersuchen. Es unterscheidet verschiedene Migrationstypen, um ein neues Verständnis zirkulärer Migration zwischen Südasien und Afrika zu erreichen. Methodisch wird das Projekt Quellen in Archiven dreier Kontinente (Europa, Südasien, Afrika) konsultieren und die Analyse von oral-history-Interviews mit südasiatischen Migrant(inn)en einbringen. Ich werde neue Aspekte zur existierenden Forschung hinzufügen: zum zirkulären Charakter von Migration; zu intra-kolonialen und inter-kolonialen Verbindungen zwischen dem portugiesischen und britischen Kolonialreich und, von der Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts an, zwischen Kolonialreichen und Nationalstaaten, die koloniale und postkoloniale Schnittstelle überbrückend.Dieser Sachbeihilfe-Antrag ist als Ergänzungsantrag zu meinem Antrag auf ein Heisenberg-Stipendium gedacht, um die für die Forschung notwendigen Reise- und Sachmittel abzudecken.
Year 2017
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74 Project

The demographic and economic framework of circular migration in Armenia

Authors Ruber YEGANYAN
Description
Contemporary interpretations of the term ?circular migration? emphasize return, in other words the reemigration of the former migrant. Of course, all migration trips, regardless of whether they are initially aimed at permanent or temporary residence, are potentially circular. After all, the probability of return (especially temporary return) may be high or low, but it will never be zero (even for refugees and displaced persons.)
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
75 Report

The demographic and economic framework of circular migration in Ukraine

Authors Alexey POZNYAK
Description
In the global population and workforce exchange system Ukraine acts primarily as a donor country. According to the estimates of the M.V. Ptukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences (hereafter IDSS), in 2008 the total number of Ukrainian labor migrants were 2,120,000 people (IOM, 2011). This estimate of the number of labor migrants relies on the Modular Population Survey of Labour Migration Issues from 20081 (hereafter the 2008 survey), carried out by the State Statistics Service of Ukraine (Ukrainian Center of Social Reform and Ukrainian State Statistics Committee, 2009). However, it also takes into account the stocks of labor migrants not covered by this survey, namely: persons who started to work abroad more than 3.5 years before the survey and who have not returned to Ukraine since then; migrants older than employable age (men 60 years old and senior, women 55 years old and senior); and border commuters (Pozniak, 2012). The main destination countries for labor emigrants from Ukraine are Russia (around 40%), Italy (almost a quarter), Poland, the Czech Republic, Portugal, Spain and Hungary. In total over half of all Ukrainian labor migrants work in the European Union. In this explanatory note circular migrants are understood as those who made one or more labor trips abroad and returns. There are two types of circular migrants. Migrants who made only one roundtrip between the places of origin and destination are described as ?return migrants? (Newland, 2009) and migrants who made more than one trip are defined as ?pure circular migrants?
Year 2012
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76 Report

Circular Migration and Integration: A Short Guide for Policy Makers

Authors Ayse CAGLAR, Camilla DEVITT, Krystyna IGLICKA, ...
Year 2011
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
78 Report

Temporary versus permanent migration

Principal investigator Joaquín Arango (Project Manager Spanish partner)
Description
The overall objective of the TEMPER project consists in providing a comprehensive assessment of the pros and cons of recent initiatives to promote circular migration, as an alternative to more traditional forms of temporary and permanent migration. These initiatives often rely on a poor understanding of the reasons why some migrants spontaneously return an circulate, and others do not.
Year 2014
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79 Project

International migration, remittances and development: Myths and facts

Authors Hein De Haas
Year 2005
Journal Name THIRD WORLD QUARTERLY
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80 Journal Article

Die IAB brain-drain Daten

Description
Die IAB Datenerhebung zur internationalen Migration wurde im Rahmen des TEMPO Projekts (TEmporary Migration, integration and the role of POlicies) durchgeführt. Das Projekt wurde von NORFACE (New Opportunities for Research Funding Agency Co-operation in Europe) finanziert. Hierbei handelt es sich um einen europäischen Zusammenschluss von 15 Forschungseinrichtungen mit dem Ziel das Wissen über die Ursachen und Wirkungen der internationalen Migration zu erweitern. Spezielle Schwerpunkte enthalten Forschung zur temporären Migration, Integration von Migranten und Migrationspolitik. Das IAB war verantwortlich für den Aufbau eines Makrodatensatzes zur internationalen Migration für 20 OECD-Zielländer nach Geschlecht, Herkunftsland und Bildungsstand, für die Jahre 1980 bis 2010 (5-Jahres-Intervalle). Die oben genannte Datenerhebung wurde in Zusammenarbeit mit Abdeslam Marfouk (ULB, Brüssel) durchgeführt.
Year 1980
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
81 Data Set

Circular Migration “Win-win-win” or “Zero-Sum”? The Implications of Circular Migration for Integration, Human Rights and the Alliance of Civilizations

Principal investigator Carlota Solé (Principal Investigator), Luk van Langenhove (Principal Investigator)
Description
El presente proyecto de investigación ha tenido como resultado la elaboración de un volumen que aborda el tema de la migración circular con respecto a sus múltiples dimensiones y sus implicaciones para los derechos humanos, políticos y civiles desde una perspectiva global. Combina estudios teóricos y empíricos, y presenta diferentes estudios de caso que ilustran patrones y políticas de migración circular en diferentes regiones del mundo. Los procesos de migración circular –entendidos como el movimiento de ida y vuelta de personas entre países y regiones– forman parte de la naturaleza cambiante de los movimientos migratorios en todo el mundo a principios del siglo XXI. En las últimas décadas, los flujos migratorios internacionales, regionales e internos han mostrado un aumento cuantitativo y han cambiado de alcance, contexto, origen y naturaleza. Los proyectos de migración son cada vez más abiertos, multidireccionales y flexibles y, a menudo, incluyen algún tipo de circularidad. En lugar de meros “escenarios push-pull”, las personas migran por muchas razones diferentes, incluidas las personales, familiares, profesionales, académicas o políticas. En el siglo XXI, los viajes migratorios y las razones subyacentes son múltiples y más diversas que nunca.
Year 2011
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82 Project

Circular Migration between Albania and Greece: A case study

Authors Thanos MAROUKIS, Eda GEMI
Description
Although diverse back-and-forth migration patterns of Albanians have been taking place throughout the 1990s and 2000s, the phenomenon of circular migration is the most under-researched of all. This case study intends to bring up the diversity of the circular patterns of mobility of the Albanian migrants, try to understand the prospects of this circularity for the parties involved (the migrant, the employer, the host economy and the economy of origin), and critically assess policies at both sides of the border that promote or put obstacles to different types of circularity.
Year 2011
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
83 Report

Circular migration at the periphery of Europe : choice, opportunity or necessity?

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2013
Book Title Circular migration between Europe and its neighbourhood : choice or necessity
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
84 Book Chapter

Circular Migration to and from Jordan: An Issue of High Politics

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Year 2008
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
85 Report

Zirkuläre Migration zwischen neuem Policy-Paradigma und "Autonomie der Migration"

Authors Sybille Münch
Year 2010
Journal Name Migration und Soziale Arbeit
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
88 Journal Article

Flexibility and Ambiguity: Impacts of Temporariness of Transnational Mobility in the Case of Turkey

Authors İlke Şanlıer Yüksel, Ahmet İçduygu
Year 2018
Book Title Characteristics of Temporary Migration in European-Asian Transnational Social Spaces
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
91 Book Chapter

How well can we estimate immigration trends using Google data?

Authors Philippe Wanner
Year 2020
Journal Name Quality & Quantity
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
92 Journal Article

On the forest front : labour relations and seasonal migration in 1960s-80s

Authors Kateryna BURKUSH
Year 2018
Journal Name Labor history
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
93 Journal Article

La migración circular femenina marroquí en Huelva: impacto y cambio

Authors Chadia Arab
Year 2010
Journal Name OBETS. Revista de Ciencias Sociales
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
94 Journal Article

TEMPER

Description
The overall objective of the TEMPER project consists of providing a comprehensive assessment of the pros and cons of recent initiatives to promote circular migration as an alternative to more traditional forms of temporary and permanent migration, not only among prospective migrants but also among current residents in the EU. These initiatives usually rely on a poor understanding of the ultimate reasons why some migrants spontaneously return to their country of origin while others do not, and why some of them re-migrate after return. More importantly, it is far from being clear that circular migration actually responds to the needs and expectations of many (potential) migrants from third-countries, and entails for them and their families more benefits than alternative forms of mobility. To overcome this lack of understanding, the TEMPER project will pursue three main objectives: (1) to identify the main drivers of return and circulation decisions of migrants recently involved in temporary and permanent migration, (2) to measure and explain the role that different programs and immigration policies at large have played in shaping those individual decisions and, (3) to assess the impact that different types of temporary, permanent and circular mobility have for migrant and non-migrant workers, their families and their employers. Two implicit assumptions will be tested. First, that circularity is a realistic alternative to both strictly temporary labour and permanent settlement because there exists a large enough pool of prospective migrants and returnees interested in engaging in circular mobility. Secondly, that circularity benefits the involved parties, including migrants, their families and their areas of origin, more than traditional forms of migration.
Year 2014
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95 Project

Transformative Characteristics and Developmental Impacts of Temporary Migration to and through Turkey

Authors İlke Şanlıer Yüksel, Ahmet İçduygu, Evin Millet
Year 2019
Book Title Temporary Migration, Transformation and Development Evidence from Europe and Asia
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
98 Book Chapter

Choosing Unauthorized Migration: Evidence from Return Migrants

Authors Didier Ruedin, Majlinda Nesturi
Year 2018
Journal Name International Migration
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
100 Journal Article
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