(Sexual) Exploitation

This topic concerns (sexual) exploitation as a consequence of migration. Migrants can be exploited (or exploit) in numerous ways, such as by performing underpaid  or unpaid labour, by working in dangerous conditions and/or by being forced to do certain jobs, such as prostitution.  

Studies listed under this category include literature on human trafficking specifically for the sex industry, vulnerability of migrants, legal responses to human trafficking and exploitation, exploitation of domestic workers and the empowerment of exploited migrants. 

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The sex trade industry's worldwide exploitation of children

Authors RB Flowers
Year 2001
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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2 Journal Article

An exploratory study of child commercial sexual exploitation in the hospitality industry in the United States

Authors Valentini Kalargyrou, Robert Woods
Year 2015
Journal Name HOSPITALITY & SOCIETY
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4 Journal Article

Migration and Sexual Exploitation in Vietnam

Authors Rosanne Rushing
Year 2006
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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5 Journal Article

Female offenders of human trafficking and sexual exploitation

Authors Miriam Wijkman, Edward R. Kleemans
Year 2019
Journal Name Crime, Law & Social Change
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7 Journal Article

Preventing human trafficking : the Republic of Moldova

Authors Valeriu MOSNEAGA
Description
The integration of the Republic of Moldova into international migration processes was accompanied by the development of human trafficking. Moldova, moreover, witnessed multiple forms of trafficking: for the purposes of labour exploitation, for sexual exploitation, trafficking of women and children for exploitation (for begging), and trafficking of human organs for sale.
Year 2013
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8 Report

Sexual Humanitarianism: understanding agency and exploitation in the global sex industry

Description
The humanitarian fight against trafficking in the sex industry legitimizes the enforcement of increasingly restrictive migration laws and controls, which often exacerbate sex workers’ vulnerability to being trafficked. SEXHUM adopts an art-science interdisciplinary approach bringing together visual anthropology, sociology, gender and queer studies and human geography to study the relationship between migration, sex work, exploitation and trafficking. It contextualizes this relationship within the global onset of sexual humanitarianism, a concept coined by the PI. It refers to the ways migrants are increasingly represented, understood and targeted by the media, policymakers and social interventions as vulnerable to exploitation and abuse in relation to their sexual orientation or behaviour. SEXHUM adopts a migration studies perspective and a participative approach to focus on migrant sex workers addressed by sexual humanitarianism as victims of trafficking. It reappraises the concepts of exploitation, slavery and trafficking through the lens of how they are understood and experienced by migrants. The project analyses the global emergence of humanitarian migration governance by examining the impact of sexual humanitarianism across six strategic urban settings in Europe (France – Marseille and Paris), the US (New York and Los Angeles), Australia (Sydney) and New Zealand (Auckland) that are characterized by different policies on migration, sex work (criminalisation, regulation, de-criminalisation) and trafficking. The innovative method developed by the PI combines ethnographic observations, semi-structured interviewing and participative filmmaking to address the narrated as well as the affective, relational and performative dimensions of migrants’ experiences of agency and exploitation. The research will generate needed user-based data on the impact of anti-trafficking initiatives that will be highly relevant to policymaking.
Year 2016
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9 Project

"The Prostitution Problem": Claims, Evidence, and Policy Outcomes

Authors Cecilia Benoit, Michaela Smith, Mikael Jansson, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
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11 Journal Article

Design strategies from sexual exploitation and sex work studies among women and girls: Methodological considerations in a hidden and vulnerable population

Authors Lara B. Gerassi, Tonya Edmond, Andrea Nichols
Year 2017
Journal Name ACTION RESEARCH
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12 Journal Article

Anthropological Perspectives on the Trafficking of Women for Sexual Exploitation

Authors Lynellyn D. Long
Year 2004
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 33
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13 Journal Article

Human Trafficking in Eastern Europe: The Case of Bulgaria

Authors Georgi Petrunov
Year 2014
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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14 Journal Article

Anti-Trafficking (ILL-)Efforts: The Legal Regulation of Women's Bodies and Relationships in Cambodia

Authors Clara Bradley, Natalia Szablewska
Year 2016
Journal Name SOCIAL & LEGAL STUDIES
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15 Journal Article

Dependence and Human Trafficking in the Context of Transnational Marriage

Authors Guri Tyldum
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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16 Journal Article

Study on the assessment of the extent of different types of trafficking (sexual exploitation, labour exploitation, organs etc.) in EU countries

Description
Action against trafficking in human beings has become an important issue on the political agenda of the European Union and its Member States during the last decade. The design of effective measures (those that aim to foster prevention, protect victims and prosecute traffickers) has been commonly agreed to be built on appropriate legal and regulatory framework, research, data collection and information management. The lack of systematically collected and managed statistical data relevant to trafficking in human beings is one of the main obstacles to the successful and effective implementation of anti-trafficking policies and efforts. Objectives • To elaborate appropriate background information and on to assess the extent of different forms of trafficking in human beings in 17 EU Member States (Austria, Bulgaria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Spain, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, United Kingdom). Outcomes • Comprehensive overview of national data on THB in the 17 EU countries covered • Comprehensive overview of national legislation on THB and related areas in the 17 EU countries covered • Comparative Analysis of assessed extent of different types of THB in the 17 EU countries covered • 17 Country Reports on national legislation, national statistics, and assessments of national developments in regard to the extent of THB in 17 countries covered. • Minimum and maximum scenarios on the total (17 countries) extent of different types of THB following the legal and administrative distinctions between victims and perpetrators but also between cases and persons on.
Year 2008
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18 Project

The Sex Trade

Authors Rutvica Andrijasevic
Book Title Migration, Agency and Citizenship in Sex Trafficking
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19 Book Chapter

Airlander Civil Exploitation Project

Description
The Airlander hybrid air vehicle is a new form of aircraft designed by Hybrid Air Vehicles Ltd (HAV). The vehicle combines inert lifting gas, aerodynamics and vectored thrust to deliver ‘game changing’ performance, compared to current flight technologies. Performance advantages include 1/3rd the fuel burn of conventional aircraft, reduced reliance on infrastructure and intermodal transport due to the unique amphibious all-terrain landing gear technology. The technology is therefore aligned with the ‘Smart, Green and Integrated Transport’ work programme. The full scale prototype (TRL 6/7) reached first flight in 2012 under a US Army programme. Following first flight the programme ceased due to US budget constraints. HAV purchased the vehicle, disassembled and returned it to the UK and had the International Traffic in Arms Regulations restrictions removed. HAV’s business strategy is to build an order-book for a civil variant of this technology by progressively reducing the risks for customers. However, the Company needs to develop a regulatory framework for certification of this vehicle type with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and migrate the technology from the military specification and certification it was originally designed under to the agreed EASA civil standard. The Airlander Civil Exploitation Project (ACEP) will undertake this work, resulting in a fully specified civil variant, an engaged regulator, approved regulations and significant risk reduction for commercial customers, thereby allowing orders to be made. The market for this technology has been verified as over $50 billion. The business opportunity is to capitalise, via the European civil marketspace, on the $150m of US DOD military investment in this revolutionary aircraft type, and bring this new low carbon vehicle, with global application, to a position where it can enter production in Europe. This would see HAV realise its goal to become the global leader in hybrid air vehicles.
Year 2015
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20 Project

Young women's migrations in Mali: exploitation or emancipation?

Authors Marie Lesclingand
Year 2011
Journal Name TRAVAIL GENRE ET SOCIETES
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21 Journal Article

Regulating sex work in the EU: prostitute women and the new spaces of exclusion

Authors Phil Hubbard, Roger Matthews, Jane Scoular
Year 2008
Journal Name GENDER PLACE AND CULTURE
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23 Journal Article

Trafficking for sexual exploitation victim protection in international and domestic asylum law

Authors Tyler Marie Christensen, UNHCR. Policy Development and Evaluation Service
Year 2011
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24 Report

Vulnerability, Exploitation and Migrants

Authors Gary Craig, Louise Waite, Hannah Lewis, ...
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25 Book

Fighting Against Human Trafficking for Commercial Sexual Exploitation: The Actions in Western Europe

Authors Silvia Scarpa
Year 2010
Journal Name Revue internationale de droit pénal
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26 Journal Article

The role of the internet in the grooming, exploitation, and exit of United States domestic minor sex trafficking victims

Authors Jennifer E. O'Brien, Wen Li
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF CHILDREN AND MEDIA
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28 Journal Article

Review of developments in the field of contemporary forms of slavery and measures to prevent and repress all contemporary forms of slavery report of the Secretary-General

Authors UN. Secretary-General, Albania, Cuba, ...
Description
Summarizes replies received from Governments and concerned intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations on measures taken to deal with slavery-like practices such as trafficking in human beings, sexual exploitation of children and forced labour.
Year 2006
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29 Report

Roma Children and Young People in Bulgaria: Patterns of Risk and Effective Protection in Relation to Child Sexual Exploitation

Authors Kate D'Arcy, Isabelle Brodie, Isabelle Brodie
Year 2015
Journal Name Social Inclusion
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31 Journal Article

Legal Responses to Trafficking in Women for Sexual Exploitation in the European Union

Authors J. Banach-Gutierrez
Year 2007
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
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32 Journal Article

Demand in the context of trafficking in human beings in the domestic work sector in France

Authors Florence LEVY
Description
The fight against trafficking in human beings (THB) is now part of the French political agenda. Yet the priority is given to the fight against sexual exploitation while labour exploitation is still regarded as a minor phenomenon. The particular issue of exploitation in domestic work has not been considered on its own even if France has been condemned twice by the European Court of Human Rights for failing to protect victims in two cases of exploitation in domestic work. Since then, the law has been amended, and we have to wait until we can assess the effectivity of this new legal framework. The issue of demand remains a blind spot in terms of how THB is understood. The public declarations of government’s commitment to the fight against THB provide a contrast with the low number of convictions actually brought down by the courts. The research highlights the difficulties faced by labor inspectorates and legal actors in establishing cases of THB in domestic work. This is linked with the characteristic of this work sector, but also with confusions in the understanding of what is THB, what are the victims and perpetrators profiles and the tensions between the fight against illegal immigration and the mission to protect victims of THB.
Year 2016
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33 Report

Dynamic of gender violence and trafficking of women in Mexico: a study on Monterrey City

Authors Arun Kumar Acharya
Year 2009
Journal Name REVISTA DE CERCETARE SI INTERVENTIE SOCIALA
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34 Journal Article

Roma Children and Young People in Bulgaria: Patterns of Risk and Effective Protection in Relation to Child Sexual Exploitation

Authors Kate D'Arcy, Isabelle Brodie
Year 2015
Journal Name Social Inclusion
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35 Journal Article

Dancing across Borders: ‘Exotic Dancers,’ Trafficking, and Canadian Immigration Policy

Authors Audrey Macklin
Year 2003
Journal Name International Migration Review
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36 Journal Article

Labor Migration and Trafficking among Vietnamese Migrants in Asia

Authors Daniele Belanger
Year 2014
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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37 Journal Article

Labour trafficking in Canada : at the margins of the anti-trafficking efforts

Authors Alexandra RICARD-GUAY
Year 2016
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38 Working Paper

Is Child to Adult as Victim is to Criminal? Social Policy and Street-Based Sex Work in the USA

Authors Anthony Marcus, Robert Riggs, Amber Horning, ...
Year 2012
Journal Name SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY
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39 Journal Article

Challenging the racialization of child sexual exploitation: Muslim men, racism and belonging in Rotherham

Authors Joanne Britton
Year 2019
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
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40 Journal Article

Addressing race, racism, and commercial sexual exploitation in practice through an action-based research partnership

Authors Lara B. Gerassi, Amanda Colegrove, Deanna Kopriva McPherson
Year 2019
Journal Name ACTION RESEARCH
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42 Journal Article

ROOT: Research on organized trafficking

Description
To contribute to a real comprehension of the impact of organized crime in trafficking in women. To prepare a transnational project directed at eradicating the trafficking in human beings (THB) for the purpose of sexual exploitation in Sicily, in a European dimension
Year 2013
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43 Project

"Right Here is the Gateway": Mobility, Sex Work Entry and HIV Risk along the Mexico-US Border

Authors Shira Goldenberg, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Jay G. Silverman, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name International Migration
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44 Journal Article

Does "buyer beware" work in migration? Contracting between brokers and migrants in Vietnam

Authors Nguyen Quynh Phuong, Sundar Venkatesh
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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45 Journal Article

Exploitation in Human Trafficking and Smuggling

Authors Paolo Campana, Federico Varese
Year 2016
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH
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46 Journal Article

GATE: Guardians Against Trafficking and Exploitation

Description
The project “GATE - Guardians Against Trafficking and Exploitation” aims to increase the capacity of the guardianship systems in 4 EU countries (Italy, Greece, Cyprus, the Netherlands) to protect separated children against trafficking and exploitation. While the initiative is addressed to guardians as privileged interlocutors of separated children, it adopts what we call an “holistic” approach, in the sense that it considers the functioning of the guardianship system as a whole (e.g. legislative framework and its implementation, administrative procedures, professionals involved, networking between actors at local and national levels, existence and quality of training, financial resources available) as the important container/context within which guardians’ potentials can be valued and their roles strengthened. Thus, GATE refers simultaneously to guardians, to the guardianship system where they operate, and to the welfare services offered to protect separated children’s rights in each national context.
Year 2011
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47 Project

Failing victims, fuelling hate: challenging the harms of the 'Muslim grooming gangs' narrative

Authors Ella Cockbain, Waqas Tufail
Year 2020
Journal Name RACE & CLASS
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48 Journal Article

Untold Stories: Biases and Selection Effects in Research with Victims of Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation

Authors Anette Brunovskis, Anette Brunovskis, Rebecca Surtees, ...
Year 2010
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 32
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49 Journal Article

Labour exploitation as corporate crime and harm: outsourcing responsibility in food production and cleaning services supply chains

Authors Jon Davies, Natalia Ollus
Year 2019
Journal Name Crime, Law & Social Change
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50 Journal Article

Human trafficking in hotels: an "invisible" threat for a vulnerable industry

Authors Alexandros Paraskevas, Maureen Brookes
Year 2018
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT
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51 Journal Article

Exploitation in human trafficking and smuggling

Year 2016
Journal Name Journal on Criminal Policy and Research
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52 Journal Article

Correlates of Exchanging Sex for Drugs or Money for Adolescent Males: A Hidden Population

Authors Brittani A. McNeal
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY
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53 Journal Article

The Staff Wanted Initiative: Preventing Exploitation, Forced Labour and Trafficking in the UK Hospitality Industry

Authors Neill Wilkins, Joanna Ewart-James
Book Title Vulnerability, Exploitation and Migrants
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54 Book Chapter

Child human trafficking victims: Challenges for the child welfare system

Authors Rowena Fong, Jodi Berger Cardoso
Year 2010
Journal Name EVALUATION AND PROGRAM PLANNING
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55 Journal Article

VULNERABILITY AND EXPLOITATION IN A GLOBALIZED WORLD

Authors Agomoni Ganguli Mitra, Nikola Biller-Andorno
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FEMINIST APPROACHES TO BIOETHICS
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57 Journal Article

"He invited me and didn't ask anything in return" Migration and Mobility as Vulnerabilities for Sexual Exploitation among Female Adolescents in Mexico

Authors Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Shira Goldenberg, Kimberly C. Brouwer, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name International Migration
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58 Journal Article

Migration and Sex Work in Europe

Authors Rutvica Andrijasevic
Book Title Migration, Agency and Citizenship in Sex Trafficking
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59 Book Chapter

Child Trafficking or Teenage Migration? Bolivian Migrants in Argentina

Authors Tanja Bastia
Year 2005
Journal Name International Migration
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60 Journal Article

Grooming and the ‘Asian sex gang predator’: the construction of a racial crime threat

Authors Ella Cockbain
Year 2013
Journal Name Race & Class
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62 Journal Article

Exploiting for Care: Trafficking and Abuse in Domestic Work in Italy

Authors Letizia Palumbo
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies
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63 Journal Article

SHale gas Exploration and Exploitation induced Risks

Description
The objective of SHEER is to develop best practices for assessing and mitigating the environmental footprint of shale gas exploration and exploitation. The consortium includes partners from Italy, United Kingdom, Poland, Germany, the Netherlands, USA. It will develop a probabilistic procedure for assessing short and long-term risks associated with groundwater contamination, air pollution and induced seismicity. The severity of each of these depends strongly on the unexpected enhanced permeability pattern, which may develop as an unwanted by-product of the fracking processes and may become pathway for gas and fluid migration towards underground water reservoirs or the surface. An important part of SHEER will be devoted to monitor and understand how far this enhanced permeability pattern will develop both in space and time. These hazard may be at least partially inter-related as they all depend on this enhanced permeability pattern. Therefore they will be approached from a multi-hazard, multi parameter perspective. SHEER will develop methodologies and procedures to track and model fracture evolution around shale gas exploitation sites and a robust statistically based, multi-parameter methodology to assess environmental impacts and risks across the operational lifecycle of shale gas. The developed methodologies will be applied and tested on a comprehensive database consisting of seismicity, changes of the quality of ground-waters and air, ground deformations, and operational data collected from past case studies. They will be improved by the high quality data SHEER will collect monitoring micro-seismicity, air and groundwater quality and ground deformation in a planned hydraulic fracturing to be carried out by the Polish Oil and Gas Company in Pomerania. Best practices to be applied in Europe to monitor and minimize any environmental impacts will be worked out with the involvement of an advisory group including governmental decisional bodies and private industries.
Year 2015
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65 Project

Turkey's Response to Sex Trafficking of Migrant Women: Is It Efficient Enough?

Authors Tatiana Zhidkova, Oguzhan Omer Demir
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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66 Journal Article

Sex Work Realities Versus Government Policies: Meanings of Anti-trafficking Initiatives for Sex Workers in the Netherlands

Authors Maite Verhoeven
Year 2017
Journal Name SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY
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68 Journal Article

Stagnant immigrant social networks and cycles of exploitation

Authors Rocio Rosales
Year 2014
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
Citations (WoS) 11
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70 Journal Article

The Trafficking of Migrant Workers: What are the Links Between Labour Trafficking and Corruption?

Authors Kathy Richards
Year 2004
Journal Name International Migration
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71 Journal Article

Labour Exploitation and Trafficking in Azerbaijan: An Exploratory Overview

Description
The report explores the issues of labour exploitation and forced labour of Azerbaijanis abroad and of foreigners in Azerbaijan. It documents that next to women and children, men are also potentially vulnerable to exploitation and that exploitation takes place not only in the commercial sex business but in many other sectors of the economy as well.
Year 2008
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72 Report

The war on human trafficking in the Caribbean

Authors Kamala Kempadoo
Year 2007
Journal Name Race & Class
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75 Journal Article

Talking story with Hawaii's youth - Confronting violent and sexualized perceptions of ethnicity and gender

Authors DT Mayeda, M Chesney-Lind, J Koo
Year 2001
Journal Name YOUTH & SOCIETY
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78 Journal Article

The Malay Economy and Exploitation: An Insight into the Past

Authors Abidullah Abid, Muhammad Hakimi Mohd Shafiai, Mohd Adib Ismail
Year 2018
Journal Name PERTANIKA JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE AND HUMANITIES
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79 Journal Article

État de siège: A dying domesticating colonialism?

Authors GHASSAN HAGE
Year 2016
Journal Name American Ethnologist
Citations (WoS) 24
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80 Journal Article

Instrumental exploitation: Predatory property relations at city’s end

Authors Joshua Akers, Eric Seymour
Year 2018
Journal Name Geoforum
Citations (WoS) 5
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81 Journal Article

Combating Trafficking in Human Beings for Labour Exploitation

Authors J. Allain
Year 2012
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
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82 Journal Article

Trafficking and labour exploitation in domestic work and the agricultural sector in Italy

Authors Letizia PALUMBO
Description
In Italy, as in many European countries, agriculture and domestic work are sectors characterised by high levels of irregular work without contract and with no respect of minimum pay, humane living conditions or access to basic services. Generalised informality however sometimes leads to cases of sever exploitation and outright human trafficking. This report focuses on the conditions that can lead from irregular work to abuse and trafficking in agriculture and domestic work – we question the cultural and economic aspects that make such situations possible. We also review the relevant legislation punishing exploiters and protecting victims with a view of identifying existing gaps and make suggestions for improvement. Indeed while the Italian legal framework is particularly progressive as regards the assistance and protection of victims of trafficking and severe exploitation, related legal practices and implementation of policies on the ground suffer from several shortcomings. For instance, the implementation of Article 18 of Legislative Decree No. 286/1998, which provides victims of exploitation and trafficking with special protection and assistance as well as with a residence permit for humanitarian reasons, has been arbitrary and inconsistent throughout the country, especially in cases of labour exploitation. In addition, Italy has inadequately transposed into national law Directive 2011/36/EU on trafficking and lacks a comprehensive law on labour exploitation. In recent years anti-trafficking interventions have not been a priority and programmes for assistance of victims of trafficking and severe exploitation have been under-funded. There is no effective system of data collection on the victims participating in these programmes; the national plan against trafficking has been adopted only recently (February 2016) after a severe delay of more than one year with respect to the established deadline; there is a lack of structured campaigns against trafficking and serious exploitation. This report stresses the need for an integrated and comprehensive approach to trafficking and labour exploitation in agriculture and domestic work and makes specific recommendations for each of the two sectors.
Year 2016
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83 Report

Co-ethnic exploitation among Chinese within an ethnic economy

Authors Minhui Liu, Francisco Olivos
Year 2019
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
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84 Journal Article

Migrant Women: Stories of Empowerment, Transformation, Exploitation and Resistance

Authors Sharon Krummel
Year 2012
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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85 Journal Article

Please, thank you and sorry – brokering migration and constructing identities for domestic work in Ghana

Authors Mariama Awumbila, Priya Deshingkar, Leander Kandilige, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 5
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87 Journal Article

Evaluation and the Framing of Race

Authors Ernest R. House
Year 2017
Journal Name AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EVALUATION
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89 Journal Article

Designing out vulnerability, building in respect: violence, safety and sex work policy

Authors Teela Sanders, Rosie Campbell
Year 2007
Journal Name The British Journal of Sociology
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91 Journal Article

Mind the Protection (Policy) Gap: Trafficking and Labor Exploitation in Migrant Domestic Work in Belgium

Authors Beatriz Camargo Magalhães
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies
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93 Journal Article

Introduction

Authors Gary Craig, Louise Waite, Hannah Lewis, ...
Book Title Vulnerability, Exploitation and Migrants
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94 Book Chapter

Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking of Women and Girls in Mexico: An Analysis on Impact of Violence on Health Status

Authors Arun Kumar Acharya
Year 2014
Journal Name Journal of Intercultural Studies
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95 Journal Article

Labour Exploitation and Health: A Case Series of Men and Women Seeking Post-Trafficking Services

Authors Eleanor Turner-Moss, Louise M. Howard, Cathy Zimmerman, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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96 Journal Article

Demand in the context of trafficking in human beings in the domestic work sector in the Netherlands

Authors Eefje DE VOLDER
Description
In general the Netherlands is performing relatively well in terms of combatting trafficking in human beings (THB). Yet, the Dutch government still needs to make considerable effort to address the demand-side of THB and to take action in relation to forms of exploitation outside the sex industry.While generally attention for labour exploitation is on the increase, sector-specific attention is still required. The domestic work sector has been considered a risk sector for exploitation since 2008, yet attention for this sector remains scarce. Because the work takes place in the private household, domestic workers are in a vulnerable and isolated position and are therefore in need of specific attention to avoid exploitation. At the same time, the fact that the work takes place in the private realm and that the group of domestic workers is diverse poses serious challenges for the Dutch Government to tackle this particular form of labour exploitation. This report seeks to provide general insight into THB in DW in the Netherlands with special attention for demand side aspects, in order propose recommendations to the Dutch Government how it could step up its efforts to tackle THB in DW.
Year 2016
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97 Report

Exploitation in college sports: Race, revenue, and educational reward

Authors Derek Van Rheenen
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT
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99 Journal Article

Female Sex Trafficking: Conceptual Issues, Current Debates, and Future Directions

Authors Biljana Meshkovska, Melissa Siegel, Sarah E. Stutterheim, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF SEX RESEARCH
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100 Journal Article
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