Migration policy and other public policies

Migration policies intend to affect the volume and composition of migration flows. They include both policies on access, such as visa regulations and other policies, such as citizenship, that affect potential migrants.

Studies listed under this migration driver refer to immigration and emigration policies, visa policies, citizenship laws, and information campaigns.

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Migration-related Conditionality in EU External Funding

Authors Roberto Cortinovis, Carmine Conte, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2018
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1 Policy Brief

The Effectiveness of Immigration Policies

Authors Mathias Czaika, Hein de Haas
Year 2013
Journal Name POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 80
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2 Journal Article

The Dynamics between Integration Policies and Outcomes: a Synthesis of the Literature

Authors Özge Bilgili, Thomas Huddleston, Anne-Linde Joki, ...
Description
This paper reviews the comparative multi-level quantitative research on the links between integration policies, the integration situation of immigrants and a wide range of individual and contextual factors. Twenty-one reviewed studies and additional supporting articles indicate that a number of individual and contextual variables explain most of the variation between countries in terms of immigrants’ labour market integration, educational attainment, naturalisation and political participation. Thanks to the use of MIPEX and similar indices, some evidence is emerging that certain integration policies can be related to the specific integration outcomes that they aim to address. So far, only certain general and targeted employment policies can be directly associated with better labour market outcomes for immigrants and a lower incidence of employment discrimination. More indirectly, facilitating naturalisation, a secure residence and a secure family life seems to have positive effects on boosting labour market outcomes for certain immigrants. In the area of employment, studies rarely focus on a specific policy or properly match it to its specific intended target group and outcome. In the area of education, the inclusiveness of the school and education system seems to matter most for immigrant and non-immigrant pupils. Although targeted immigrant education policies adopted at national level do not display consistent results across countries in terms of pupils’ tests scores, most studies conclude that inclusive schools and education systems are more successful when they also target the specific needs of immigrant pupils. Several studies on the acquisition of nationality find that naturalisation policies are perhaps the strongest determinant of the naturalisation rates for immigrants from developing countries. Further research can explore which specific elements of naturalisation policies most help or hinder naturalisation. The few studies on political participation find that targeted policies and the acquisition of nationality may boost participation rates for certain immigrant groups. The fact that studies find no link between the general integration policy (i.e. MIPEX overall score) and a specific labour market outcome (i.e. employment rates for foreign-born) does mean that no causal relationship exist between integration policies and outcomes across countries. Considering that this multi-level research is still in infancy, studies have great room for improvement in terms of their use of databases and methodological tools. A more robust methodological approach using new international datasets can better explore the nuanced links between policies and societal outcomes. Future research needs to pay greater attention to linking a specific integration policy with its actual target group and target outcomes. Studies must also take into account time-sensitive contextual factors and general policies. International surveys can improve their measurement of integration policy outcomes in terms of longterm residence, family reunification, anti-discrimination, language learning, and, to some extent, political participation.
Year 2015
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3 Report

Redrawing the Contours of the Nation-State in Uruguay? The Vicissitudes of Emigration Policy in the 2000s

Authors Ana Margheritis
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 1
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4 Journal Article

State-level immigration and immigrant-focused policies as drivers of Latino health disparities in the United States

Authors Morgan M. Philbin, Jennifer S. Hirsch, Mark L. Hatzenbuehler, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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5 Journal Article

The Gravity of High-Skilled Migration Policies

Authors Mathias Czaika, Christopher R. Parsons
Year 2017
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
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6 Journal Article

Affecting Lives: How Winning the US Diversity Visa Lottery Impacts DV Migrants Pre- and Post-Migration

Authors Onoso Imoagene
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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7 Journal Article

What counts as racist immigration policy?

Authors Cybelle Fox
Year 2015
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
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8 Journal Article

The Gap between Public Preferences and Policies on Immigration: A Comparative Examination of the Effect of Politicisation on Policy Congruence

Authors Laura Morales, Didier Ruedin, Jean-Benoit Pilet
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 12
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9 Journal Article

On the potential interaction between labour market institutions and immigration policies

Authors Claudia Cigagna, Giovanni Sulis
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANPOWER
Citations (WoS) 2
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10 Journal Article

The Gravity of High-Skilled Migration Policies

Authors Mathias Czaika, Christopher R. Parsons
Year 2017
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 16
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11 Journal Article

Immigration and the politics of social cohesion

Authors Nils Holtug
Year 2010
Journal Name ETHNICITIES
Citations (WoS) 13
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12 Journal Article

Affecting Lives: How Winning the US Diversity Visa Lottery Impacts DV Migrants Pre- and Post-Migration

Authors Onoso Imoagene
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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13 Journal Article

The Role of Migration Policy Changes in Europe for Return Migration to Senegal

Authors Marie-Laurence Flahaux
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
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14 Journal Article

US immigration policy and family separation: The consequences for children's well-being

Authors J Dreby
Year 2015
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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15 Journal Article

The Impact of EU Migration Policies on African Countries: the Case of Mali

Authors Florian Trauner, Stephanie Deimel
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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16 Journal Article

When the Export of Social Problems Is No Longer Possible: Immigration Policies and Unemployment in Switzerland

Authors Alexandre Afonso
Year 2005
Journal Name SOCIAL POLICY & ADMINISTRATION
Citations (WoS) 10
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17 Journal Article

Drivers of migration policy reform: The day off policy for migrant domestic workers in Singapore

Authors Chiu Yee Koh, BSA Yeoh, Kellynn Wee, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name GLOBAL SOCIAL POLICY
Citations (WoS) 4
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18 Journal Article

Imagined Immigration: The Impact of Different Meanings of 'Immigrants' in Public Opinion and Policy Debates in Britain

Authors Scott Blinder
Year 2015
Journal Name POLITICAL STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 34
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19 Journal Article

Overseas Koreans and Dedicated Diaspora and Emigration Policies

Authors Ijin Hong
Book Title Emigration and Diaspora Policies in the Age of Mobility
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20 Book Chapter

Negotiating varieties of capitalism? Crisis and change in contemporary British and German labour migration policies

Authors Regine Paul
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 2
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21 Journal Article

Determinants of International Migration: A Theoretical and Empirical Assessment of Policy, Origin and Destination Effects (DEMIG - POLICY)

Description
DEMIG POLICY tracks more than 6,500 migration policy changes enacted by 45 countries around the world mostly in the 1945-2013 period. The policy measures are coded according to the policy area and migrant group targeted, as well as the change in restrictiveness they introduce in the existing legal system. The database allows for both quantitative and qualitative research on the long-term evolution and effectiveness of migration policies. DEMIG POLICY was compiled between 2010 and 2014 as part of the DEMIG project (Determinants of International Migration: A Theoretical and Empirical Assessment of Policy, Origin and Destination Effects). It tracks 6,500 migration policy changes (both immigration and emigration) in 45 countries, most of them enacted in the 1945-2013 period. DEMIG POLICY assesses for each policy measure whether it represents a change towards more restrictiveness (coded +1) or less restrictiveness (coded -1) within the existing legal system. Besides this main assessment of change in restrictiveness, every policy change is also coded according to the policy area (border control, legal entry, integration, exit), policy tool (recruitment agreements, work permit, expulsion, quota, regularization, resettlement, carrier sanctions, etc.), migrant group (low- and high-skilled workers, family members, refugees, irregular migrants, students etc.) and migrant origin (all foreign nationalities, EU citizens, specific nationalities etc.) targeted. The database has been compiled by the DEMIG team, in particular by Katharina Natter, Simona Vezzoli and Hein de Haas, and reviewed by national migration policy experts.
Year 2013
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22 Data Set

Regulating Movement of the Very Mobile: Selected Legal and Policy Aspects of Ukrainian Migration to EU Countries

Authors Monika Szulecka
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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24 Book Chapter

measuring immigration policies: the impic database

Authors Marc Helbling, Liv Bjerre, Friederike Roemer, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name EUROPEAN POLITICAL SCIENCE
Citations (WoS) 21
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25 Journal Article

Examining the Global North Migration Policies: A "Push Out - Push Back" Approach to Forced Migration

Authors Witold Klaus, Marta Pachocka
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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26 Journal Article

Scientific Mobility, Career Progression, and Excellence in the European Research Area1

Authors Sonia Morano-Foadi
Year 2005
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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27 Journal Article

A Crucial Testing Ground

Authors Ester Salis
Year 2014
Journal Name Comparative Migration Studies
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28 Journal Article

Rational Migration Policy Should Tolerate Non-zero Illegal Migration Flows: Lessons from Modelling the Market for Illegal Migration

Authors Horst Entorf
Year 2002
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 4
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29 Journal Article

DEMIG: The determinants of international migration: A theoretical and empirical assessment of policy, origin and destination effects

Description
The main question of this research project is: how do migration policies of receiving and sending states affect the size, direction and nature of international migration to wealthy countries? The effectiveness of migration policies has been widely contested in the face of their apparent failure to steer immigration and their many unintended, perverse effects. Due to fundamental conceptual and methodological flaws, most empirical evidence has remained largely descriptive and biased by omitting crucial sending country and policy variables. This project answers this question by embedding the systematic empirical analysis of policy effects into a comprehensive theoretical framework of the macro and meso-level forces driving international migration to and from wealthy countries. This is achieved by linking separately evolved migration theories focusing on either sending or receiving countries and integrating them with theories on the internal dynamics of migration processes. A systematic review and categorisation of receiving and sending country migration policies will provide an improved operationalisation of policy variables. Subsequently, this framework will be subjected to quantitative empirical tests drawing on gross and bilateral (country-to-country) migration flow data, with a particular focus on Europe. Methodologically, this project is groundbreaking by introducing a longitudinal, double comparative approach by studying migration flows of multiple origin groups to multiple destination countries. This design enables a unique, simultaneous analysis of origin and destination country, network and policy effects. Theoretically, this research project is innovative by going beyond simple push-pull and equilibrium models and linking sending and receiving side, and economic and non-economic migration theory. This project is policy-relevant by improving insight in the way policies shape migration processes in their interaction with other migration determinants
Year 2010
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31 Project

The determinants of international migration: A theoretical and empirical assessment of policy, origin and destination effects

Description
The main question of this research project is: how do migration policies of receiving and sending states affect the size, direction and nature of international migration to wealthy countries? The effectiveness of migration policies has been widely contested in the face of their apparent failure to steer immigration and their many unintended, perverse effects. Due to fundamental conceptual and methodological flaws, most empirical evidence has remained largely descriptive and biased by omitting crucial sending country and policy variables. This project answers this question by embedding the systematic empirical analysis of policy effects into a comprehensive theoretical framework of the macro and meso-level forces driving international migration to and from wealthy countries. This is achieved by linking separately evolved migration theories focusing on either sending or receiving countries and integrating them with theories on the internal dynamics of migration processes. A systematic review and categorisation of receiving and sending country migration policies will provide an improved operationalisation of policy variables. Subsequently, this framework will be subjected to quantitative empirical tests drawing on gross and bilateral (country-to-country) migration flow data, with a particular focus on Europe. Methodologically, this project is groundbreaking by introducing a longitudinal, double comparative approach by studying migration flows of multiple origin groups to multiple destination countries. This design enables a unique, simultaneous analysis of origin and destination country, network and policy effects. Theoretically, this research project is innovative by going beyond simple push-pull and equilibrium models and linking sending and receiving side, and economic and non-economic migration theory. This project is policy-relevant by improving insight in the way policies shape migration processes in their interaction with other migration determinants
Year 2010
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32 Project

Immigration Policies in Comparison (IMPIC)

Description
Over the last two decades both immigration politics and research on immigration issues have become very important. So far, there is however no dataset that would allow researchers to systematically investigate immigration policies across a large sample of countries. The aim of the Immigration Policies in Comparison (IMPIC) project is therefore to provide a set of sophisticated quantitative indices to measure immigration policies in all OECD countries and for the time period 1980-2010. By means of this new dataset the causes and effects of immigration policies will be studied more systematically. The Immigration Policies in Comparison (IMPIC) project is led by Marc Helbling and was funded by the Emmy-Noether program of the German Research Foundation for the period 2011-2016. Please cite the following overview paper when you use the IMPIC data: Marc Helbling, Liv Bjerre, Friederike Römer and Malisa Zobel (2017): “Measuring Immigration Policies: The IMPIC Database”, European Political Science 16(1): 79-98. Link.
Year 1980
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33 Data Set

Immigration Policies and the Factors of Migration from Developing Countries to South Korea: An Empirical Analysis

Authors Ador R. Torneo
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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34 Journal Article

Continuities and Changes in the Processes of Mexican Migration and Return

Authors EA Parrado, Angie N. Ocampo
Year 2019
Journal Name ANNALS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
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35 Journal Article

Immigration Policies and the Factors of Migration from Developing Countries to South Korea: An Empirical Analysis

Authors Ador R. Torneo
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 4
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36 Journal Article

Political and institutional determinants of immigration policies

Authors Tarik Abou-Chadi
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 6
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37 Journal Article

Speaking Truth to Power? Why Civil Society, Beyond Academia, Remains Marginal in EU Migration Policy

Authors Ann Singleton
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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38 Book Chapter

The effect of income and immigration policies on international migration

Authors Francesc Ortegay, Giovanni Peri
Year 2013
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 120
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39 Journal Article

Climate Change & Migration: What is the Role for Migration Policies?

Authors Albert Kraler, Tatiana Cernei Cernei, Marion Noack
Year 2012
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40 Policy Brief

Public attitudes toward policies related to labor migrants in Israel

Authors Karin Amit, Netta Achdut, Leah Achdut
Year 2015
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL
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41 Journal Article

IDEA: Mediterranean and Eastern European Countries as new immigration destinations in the European Union

Description
The Amsterdam Treaty introduced a new Community policy on immigration and asylum. Its objectives were defined in Tampere by the European Council which stressed the need for more efficient management of migration flows at all their stages. The management should address various forms of migrations and be exercised by means of various instruments in the countries of destination and origin. Thus, the creation of European immigration policy becomes a complex process of co-ordination of national policies with the Community objectives. Amongst diverse migration trends in Europe, the emergence of new immigration countries seems particularly important. The transition of migratory status followed economic development induced by the participation in the common European market and political stability. The socio-economic conditions of the change as well as policy responses to the new situation varied considerably between the countries of North-western, Southern and Eastern Europe and led to various structures of immigration and impacts on labour markets. These differences provide interesting research basis which could shed light on the immigration mechanisms in Europe. In this 30-month project, the consortium of scientific institutions from 9 EU states, all with tremendous experience in migration research will analyse the causes, characteristics and impact of migratory flows in the new European immigration destinations - Southern and Eastern Europe, and with reference to the "established" European immigration countries. Comparing the migrations and relevant policies will facilitate identification of similar challenges and transfer of experiences. The analysis will address historical, political and economic background of migration processes and its final goal will consist in preparation of a model of future migratory trends in selected parts of the European Union. The strategic objective of the project is to provide support for the European and national immigration policies.
Year 2007
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42 Project

How Immigration Reforms Affect Voting Behavior

Authors Tarik Abou-Chadi, Marc Helbling
Year 2018
Journal Name POLITICAL STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 2
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43 Journal Article

Shifts in Intergenerational Mobility of Indian Immigrant Entrepreneurs

Authors Meena Chavan, Lucy Taksa
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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44 Journal Article

Comparative labor market performance of visaed and non-visaed migrants: Pacific islanders in Sydney

Authors Richard P. C. Brown
Year 1998
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 1
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45 Journal Article

Push-pull plus: reconsidering the drivers of migration

Authors Nicholas Van Hear, Katy Long, Oliver Bakewell
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 8
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46 Journal Article

Temporary Migration Programmes: the Cause or Antidote of Migrant Worker Exploitation in UK Agriculture

Authors Erica Consterdine, Sahizer Samuk
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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47 Journal Article

Immigration Policies and Social Determinants of Health: Is Immigrants' Health at Risk?

Authors Maria A. Gurrola, Cecilia Ayon
Year 2018
Journal Name RACE AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS
Citations (WoS) 1
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48 Journal Article

Shifts in Intergenerational Mobility of Indian Immigrant Entrepreneurs

Authors Meena Chavan, Lucy Taksa
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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49 Journal Article

Labor migration among elite sport coaches: An exploratory study

Authors Johannes Orlowski, Pamela Wicker, Christoph Breuer
Year 2018
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT
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50 Journal Article

Temporary Migration Programmes: the Cause or Antidote of Migrant Worker Exploitation in UK Agriculture

Authors Erica Consterdine, Sahizer Samuk
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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51 Journal Article

The Effect of Visas on Migration Processes

Authors Mathias Czaika, Hein de Haas
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 18
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52 Journal Article

How do post-colonial ties and migration regimes shape travel visa requirements? The case of Caribbean nationals

Authors Simona Vezzoli, Marie-Laurence Flahaux
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 2
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53 Journal Article

International Migration at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century: The Role of the State

Authors Douglas S. Massey
Year 1999
Journal Name POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 132
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54 Journal Article

Immigration Policies and Social Determinants of Health: Is Immigrants' Health at Risk?

Authors Maria A. Gurrola, Cecilia Ayon
Year 2018
Journal Name RACE AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS
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55 Journal Article

Migration Policy and Development in Chile

Authors Cristian Dona Reveco, Brendan Mullan
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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56 Journal Article

Migration Policy and Development in Chile

Authors Cristian Dona Reveco, Brendan Mullan
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 8
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57 Journal Article

When Political Freedom Does Not Offer Travel Freedom: The Varying Determinants of Visa-Free Travel Opportunities

Authors Jacob Thomas
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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58 Journal Article

American Attitudes toward Guest Worker Policies

Authors Shayerah Ilias, Katherine Fennelly, Christopher M. Federico
Year 2008
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 16
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59 Journal Article

Eastern Partnership countries in the migration policy of Poland and the EU - dilemmas and conditions

Authors Magdalena Lesinska
Year 2014
Journal Name Roczniki Nauk Społecznych - Annals of Social Sciences
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60 Journal Article

First do No harm: Medical legal violence and immigrant health in Coral County, USA

Authors Meredith Van Natta
Year 2019
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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61 Journal Article

How Unpopular Policies are Made: Examples from South Africa, Singapore and Bangladesh

Authors Ingrid Palmary, BSA Yeoh, Chiu Yee Koh, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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62 Journal Article

Cultures of Knowledge Use in Policymaking: The Functions of Research in German and UK Immigration Policy

Authors Christina Boswell
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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63 Book Chapter

Migration Realities and State Responses: Rethinking International Migration Policies in Turkey

Authors Damla B. Aksel, Ahmet İçduygu
Book Title Social Transformation and Migration
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64 Book Chapter

Research-Policy Dialogues in Denmark

Authors Martin Bak Jørgensen
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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65 Book Chapter

Labor unions and immigration policy in France

Authors L Haus
Year 1999
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 8
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66 Journal Article

Politics, not economic interests: Determinants of migration policies in the European Union

Authors Simon Hix, Abdul Noury
Year 2007
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 38
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67 Journal Article

Labor market competition and individual preferences over immigration policy

Authors KF Scheve, MJ Slaughter
Year 2001
Journal Name REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
Citations (WoS) 350
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68 Journal Article

Labor market competition and individual preferences over immigration policy

Authors KF Scheve, MJ Slaughter
Year 2001
Journal Name REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
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69 Journal Article

Sub-state nationalism in Spain: primers and triggers of identity politics in Catalonia and the Basque Country

Authors Victor M. Olivieri
Year 2015
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 8
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70 Journal Article

Towards a European migration policy

Authors Thomas Straubhaar, Klaus F. Zimmermann
Year 1993
Journal Name POPULATION RESEARCH AND POLICY REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 17
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71 Journal Article

Neoliberalism and Nativism: Local Anti-Immigrant Policy Activism and an Emerging Politics of Scale

Authors Monica W. Varsanyi
Year 2011
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF URBAN AND REGIONAL RESEARCH
Citations (WoS) 53
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72 Journal Article

Immigration politics by proxy: state agency in an era of national reluctance

Authors Lina Newton
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 2
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73 Journal Article

Implicit Nativist Attitudes, Social Desirability, and Immigration Policy Preferences

Authors Benjamin R. Knoll
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 18
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74 Journal Article

Environmental and ethical aspects of international migration

Authors Abernethy
Year 1996
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 8
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75 Journal Article

Cash-for-Passports and the End of Citizenship

Authors Peter J. Spiro
Book Title Debating Transformations of National Citizenship
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76 Book Chapter

Dismantling the deportation nation

Authors Lourdes Torres
Year 2014
Journal Name LATINO STUDIES
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77 Journal Article

Climate Change, Migration, and Development

Authors Koko Warner, Susan Martin
Book Title Global Perspectives on Migration and Development
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78 Book Chapter

The Battle for Brains: How to Attract Talents

Principal investigator Herbert Brücker (Principal Investigator)
Description
The project examines the competition for talent from the receiving country perspective. It analyses the skill structure of immigration in OECD countries, the determinants of high skilled immigration, the labour market and produzctivity effects of high skilled immigration and the political economy of immigration policies in detail.
Year 2009
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79 Project

Dreaming of Seamless Borders: ICTs and the Pre-Emptive Governance of Mobility in Europe

Authors Dennis Broeders, James Hampshire
Year 2013
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 25
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80 Journal Article

Support for restrictive immigration policies in the European Union 2002-2013: the impact of economic strain and ethnic threat for vulnerable economic groups

Authors Menno van Setten, Marcel Lubbers, Peer Scheepers
Year 2017
Journal Name EUROPEAN SOCIETIES
Citations (WoS) 4
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81 Journal Article

The economics of international migration: A short history of the debate

Authors TJ Hatton
Year 2014
Journal Name LABOUR ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 12
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82 Journal Article

Refused Asylum Seekers as the Hyper-Exploited

Authors Hannah Lewis, Louise Waite, Stuart Hodkinson, ...
Book Title Vulnerability, Exploitation and Migrants
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83 Book Chapter

The renationalisation of migration policies in times of crisis: the case of Norway

Authors Jan-Paul Brekke, Anne Staver
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 3
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84 Journal Article

The economics of international migration: A short history of the debate

Authors TJ Hatton
Year 2014
Journal Name LABOUR ECONOMICS
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85 Journal Article

When Do Migration Aspirations Materialize?

Principal investigator Daniel Auer (Principal Investigator), Marc Helbling (Principal Investigator), Friederike Römer (Principal Investigator), Jasper Tjaden (Principal Investigator)
Description
"(1) Aspirations: In the absence of reliable, internationally available migration flow data necessary for statistical forecasting, policymakers increasingly turn to survey data on emigration intentions to evaluate future migration trends. The important assumption – i.e. that there is a measurable and systematic relationship between the intention to migrate and actual migration – has not been firmly established at the international level. In a first step, we examine the association between estimated population averages of emigration intentions and official migration flow data based on data for more than 160 countries. First results show a strong association between emigration intentions and recorded bilateral flows to industrialized countries, as well as between intentions and aggregated out-migration. The results provide policymakers with a reliability assessment of survey data on emigration intentions and encourage future attempts to incorporate survey data in formal statistical migration forecasting models. (2) Policies: Furthermore, we want to explore to what extent migrants consciously decide to migrate to countries that allow them to improve their economic situation taking into account the difficulties to migrate to this country. In particular, we would like to know how the difficulty to immigrate into a country prevents potential migrants from moving to this country. Might it be that migrants decide to move to more liberal countries to increase the chances to be accepted? We already know that migration flows increase when the destination country is economically more attractive (Borjas 1989; Hatton and Williamson 2003) and decrease when immigration policies are more restrictive (Helbling and Leblang 2018). These effects are to some extent due to rejections during the migration processes when for example visa applications are declined or people are not allowed to enter a country when they arrive at the border. (3) Corruption: Eventually, besides immigration policies in potential destination countries, the formation and subsequent materialization of migration aspirations is determined by various factors in the country of residence. However, there is surprisingly little empirical evidence on factors outside the pure economic sphere. For instance, the link between corruption and emigration has received growing attention. Until now, the evidence claiming a strong relationship relies on individual case studies and correlational analysis which severely limits generalizability. In our study, we apply quasi-experimental methods including instrumental variables and propensity score matching to global survey data on 130 countries over 6 years, covering almost 600’000 individual respondents. We find support for the notion that corruption – systematically and strongly - induces emigration plans across countries, across various model specifications and estimation methods. Strengthening causal claims about the link between corruption and emigration is important for further research in this field. Results are also relevant for policy-makers exploring options to address irregular migration in the context of development and trade agreements. "
Year 2018
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86 Project

Irregular Georgian Migration to Greece: The role of migration policies and social networks

Authors Michaela Maroufof
Description
Τhe causes of irregular migration can be traced at the junctions between individual search for life prospects, demand in the labour market, and restrictive migration control policies. The present report aims at examining the way in which these three forces (individual activity, labour market and policies) intertwine in the case of irregular Georgian migration to Greece. The research looks at the ways in which various factors, including Greek policies of migration and asylum management and migration control affect the plans and the actions of Georgian irregular migrants.
Year 2015
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87 Report

Stuck Between Mainstreaming and Localism: Views on the Practice of Migrant Integration in a Devolved Policy Framework

Authors Silvia Galandini, Silvia Galandini, Gareth Mulvey, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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88 Journal Article

Migration, Gender, and Family

Authors Juan Carlos Calleros Alarcon
Book Title Global Perspectives on Migration and Development
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89 Book Chapter

Language roulette - the effect of random placement on refugees' labour market integration

Authors Daniel Auer
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 5
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90 Journal Article

Multivariate explanation of the 1985–1990 and 1995–2000 destination choices of newly arrived immigrants in the United States: the beginning of a new trend?

Authors Kao-Lee Liaw, William H. Frey
Year 2007
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
Citations (WoS) 23
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91 Journal Article

Intersectionalities and the HIV continuum of care among gay Latino men living with HIV in North Carolina

Authors Clare Barrington, Dirk A. Davis, Laura Villa-Torres, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name ETHNICITY & HEALTH
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92 Journal Article

Conflict, Consensus, and Coalition: Economic and Workforce Development Strategies for African Americans and Latinos

Authors Manuel Pastor, Vanessa Carter
Year 2009
Journal Name RACE AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS
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93 Journal Article

National Immigration and Integration Policies in Europe Since 1973

Authors María Bruquetas-Callejo, Jeroen Doomernik
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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94 Book Chapter

Evaluation of Immigration- and Integration Policies

Principal investigator Daniel Auer (Principal Investigator ), Flavia Fossati (Principal Investigator ), Carlos Vargas-Silva (Principal Investigator ), Stefanie Kurt (Principal Investigator ), Dennis Egger (Principal Investigator ), Johannes Kunz (Principal Investigator ), Damaris Rose (Principal Investigator )
Description
"In this project, we investigate the (sometimes unintended) consequences of policies that have been implemented to regulate immigration and to subsequently facilitate the socio-economic integration of newly arrived immigrants. (1) Networks: First, we exploit a natural experiment in Switzerland, where asylum seekers are randomly assigned to cantons. This immigration policy can be regarded as a transparent and neutral way of distributing refugees across a country to “share a burden”. At the same time, such restrictions regarding free movement within a country come with hefty consequences for the persons affected. On the one hand, a large share of jobs are found through referrals within social networks: in the US, for instance, around 30-60% (Bewley, 2007). At least since Granovetter (1973), a rich theoretical literature has rationalized this fact by modelling networks as non-market institutions that help overcome information frictions inherent in the labor market. From workers' perspective, networks grant their members preferential access to information on high-quality job openings, e.g. as in Calvo-Armengol and Jackson (2004). On the firm side, networks may help alleviate the asymmetric information problem in hiring leading potentially to a better job-match, e.g. as in Beaman and Magruder (2012). In our study, we focus on the value of social networks from the perspective of workers. Swiss asylum policy provides a unique natural experiment to study the effects of social networks on labor market outcomes. Because of the truly exogenous placement, long horizon over which the policy was in place and the large sample size, we can delve deeper into the mechanisms of how social networks affect labor market integration than previous studies have done and look at network structure beyond simply its size. Our findings will enable us to distinguish among a large set of theoretical models of the value of networks from the point of view of individual job seekers. (2) Maternity: At the same time, such immigration policies also affect the social integration of immigrants and, in our case, individual health and wellbeing. Specifically, we exploit the same unique setting to assess the relevance of information on infants' health. Random allocation of asylum seekers in Switzerland allows us to first, study the spatial differences in health care provision across the country. Further, by exploiting that French-speaking refugees are randomly placed in French- or non-French-speaking regions, we can credibly identify the language-match-health-gap, based on refugees that do not speak French as a control group and placed on either side of the language border (in a Difference in Differences framework). By extending the language to a novel (continuous) measure of language distance, we are able to factor out country of origin effects using bi-lateral regressions. A second strand of policies targets the (economic) integration of immigrants and generally of persons outside the labor market. A common approach is to provide measures, so-called Active Labor Market Programs (ALMP) that enhance a jobseeker’s employability (e.g., through additional human capital) or that keep a person close to the labor market through occupational programs. (3) Access Bias: Some measures, however, can negatively affect labor market outcomes, such as unemployment duration and post-unemployment wages, because of factors such as human capital deprivation or lock-in effects. Based on encompassing registry data that allow researchers to control for usually unobserved employability variables, we find evidence of a systematic access bias whereby caseworkers in Switzerland assign unemployed immigrants to activation measures based on what we call a competition logic that is mainly driven by and conforms to an economic rationale and the job center’s performance evaluation. From the perspective of immigrants’ labor market integration, this may be problematic because it results in an overrepresentation of immigrants in measures with little efficacy rather than in measures that could compensate for (some of) their employability disadvantages. Conversely, we find that Swiss citizens are relatively advantaged in the ability to access more measures that promote human capital enhancement (compensation logic) and that have been shown to be successful tools for labor market reintegration. It is plausible that a stronger reliance on the competition logic by caseworkers and the consequential overrepresentation of migrants in low-efficacy measures amplifies migrants’ general labor market disadvantages. (4) Priming: This rather negative stance on integration measures in the form of ALMPs is further advanced by a study where we present indications that ALMP participants are pushed into lower paying jobs compared to equally qualified non-participants. In this study on the effect of subjective beliefs on employment outcomes we find that the employment chances one year after the start of unemployment increase for both ALMP participants and non-participants when self-control and employment beliefs are high. In contrast, higher initial reservation wages increase employment chances for non-participants but substantially reduce them for ALMP participants. Previous studies have shown that beneficial effects of activation measures are often abrogated by lock-in effects, human capital deprivation, and/or negative signals to prospective employers, all of which are particularly harmful for highly skilled workers and higher-paying jobs. We argue that these detrimental effects ultimately push ALMP participants into jobs below their expected salary, where the negative consequences of activation measures are less pronounced. (5) Heterogeneity: A related aspect that is crucial from an integration perspective is whether such effects of ALMPs differ across groups, that is, whether the participation of “natives” turns out to have different consequences for their labor market performance compared to participating immigrants. In this study, we argue that effect heterogeneity between native and migrant participants can provide information about the type of discrimination that migrants face in the labor market. Using encompassing administrative data from Switzerland, we observe all registered jobseekers in 2004 and follow their monthly labor market trajectories over 10 subsequent years. Our findings are consistent with earlier evaluations of ALMPs in Switzerland and elsewhere, which find that participation effects of ALMPs are limited and sometimes even negative. However, findings show that employers value the additional productivity-related information of ALMP participation more if participants have a foreign nationality. We infer that labor market discrimination against migrants is dominated by statistical reasoning on the part of prospective employers. (6) LM-Index: Eventually, we provide a meta-analytical study where we argue that comparative assessments of integration policies fail to properly take confounding factors into account. That is, immigrant groups exposed to integration policies in different countries differ in their characteristics because immigration policies and migrants’ destination choice induce an ex-ante bias. To circumvent this limit to comparative analyses, we aspire to collect and generate data on all existing policy dimensions and subsequently provide a comparative analysis of immigrants’ labor market integration in industrialized countries."
Year 2018
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95 Project

Does Exposure to the Refugee Crisis Make Natives More Hostile?

Authors DOMINIK HANGARTNER, ELIAS DINAS, MORITZ MARBACH, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name American Political Science Review
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96 Journal Article

Recruitment to Occupations with a Surplus of Workers: The Unexpected Outcomes of Swedish Demand-Driven Labour Migration Policy

Authors Henrik Emilsson
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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97 Journal Article

Two Centuries of International Migration

Year 2015
Book Title Handbook of the Economics of International Migration
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98 Book Chapter

Framing the Issue of Asylum Seekers and Refugees for Tougher Refugee Policy—a Study of the Media’s Portrayal in Post-colonial Hong Kong

Authors Isabella F. S. Ng, Isabella Ng, Sharice Fungyee Choi, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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99 Journal Article

The IAB brain-drain data

Authors S. Capuano, Herbert Brücker, A. Marfouk
Description
The IAB data collection on international migration has been carried out within the framework of the TEMPO project (TEmporary Migration, integration and the role of POlicies), a European project financed by NORFACE (New Opportunities for Research Funding Agency Co-operation in Europe), a partnership of 15 research councils established to increase cooperation in research and research policy in Europe. The project has the goal of extend the knowledge of the causes and consequences of international migration with particular focus on themes like temporary migration, migrants’ integration, and migration policies. The IAB has been in charge of building a macro-dataset on international migration to 20 OECD destination countries by gender, country of origin and educational level, for the years 1980-2010 (5 years intervals). The above data collection has been carried out in cooperation with Abdeslam Marfouk (ULB, Brussels).
Year 1980
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100 Data Set
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