Practices of facilitating travel & migration

This topic encompasses the activities of actors facilitating travel and migration. There are many different practices such as advertising, informing or advising on migration, promoting mobility, organising accommodations for travellers and transit migrants, falsifying documents, bribing authorities, recruiting workers or students, arranging marriages, selling tickets or issuing visa. Practices partly depend on the purpose and form of migration, which can be work, education and marriage migration, migration for health reasons, humanitarian resettlement and asylum seeking.

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Global Marriage

Authors Lucy Williams
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1 Book

Global Care Chains and Emotional Surplus Value

Authors Arlie Russell Hochschild
Year 2015
Book Title Justice, Politics, and the Family
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2 Book Chapter

Global care chains and emotional surplus value

Year 2000
Book Title On the edge. Living with global capitalism
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3 Book Chapter

Localizing masculinities in the global care chains: experiences of migrant men in Spain and Ecuador

Authors Cristen Dávalos
Year 2020
Journal Name GENDER PLACE AND CULTURE
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5 Journal Article

Perspectives on gender, migration and transnational work : joint work of social reproduction and care in Southern Europe

Authors Margarita BARANANO, Sabrina MARCHETTI
Year 2016
Journal Name Investigaciones feministas, 2016, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 57-74
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6 Journal Article

Reversal of the Gender Order? Male Marriage Migration to Germany by North African and Turkish Men: Consequences for Family Life, Work, and the Socialization of the Next Generation

Principal investigator Ursula Apitzsch (Principal Investigator)
Description
The planned study aims at the investigation of the phenomenon what is known as marriage migration (also called transnational marriage) to Germany by male Muslim migrants. By means of biographical narrative interviews with male migrants from North Africa and Turkey, the research project aims at dealing with the multidimensional and multifaceted character of male marriage migration to Germany. The subject male marriage migration can be approached from different perspectives and related aspects. In the frame of this research project, through a sampling which consists of married couples composed of a male migrant from one of the countries mentioned above and a female descendant of a migrant family with a residence permit in Germany, we want to consider this issue in all its complexity and implications regarding the debates on integration of the migrants, integration of male migrants into the labour market, gender relations and dynamics within the migrant family, and (un) chancing conceptions and visions of manhood in migration processes and the contestation/ negotiation of migrant masculinities. Regarding the studies of the last years it is noteworthy that all marriage migration studies are rather focussing on women as migrating subjects. Although it is noticed, too, that there are men as well migrating to their wives, there is no study focussing exclusively on migrating men in context of marriage. This fact may be - especially in Germany - an expression of the emotional public discussion concerning forced marriages. Nevertheless, the marriage migration of men is the desideratum of past and current marriage migration studies. This gap will be filled with the following research proposal. Our hypothesis is that women of the second or third generation of migrant families might be hoping for a realistic chance of founding a family and bringing up children through marrying a partner from the country of origin while they continue to work and remain the bread winners in the country of immigration and thus strengthen their autonomy (while their husbands are waiting for working permits and/or job opportunities and meanwhile have to take over care obligations within the family). In general, we want to show that male marriage migration can be seen both as "cause and the effect" of changing gender orders.
Year 2012
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10 Project

Marriage, Migration and Gender

Authors Rajni Palriwala, Patricia Uberoi
Year 2008
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12 Book

Evaluating the Future of Uzbek Labour Migration

Authors Yan Matusevich
Year 2019
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15 Policy Brief

Marriage Migration and Inequality in India, 1983-2008

Authors Smriti Rao, Kade Finnoff
Year 2015
Journal Name POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 3
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18 Journal Article

Exploitation in Human Trafficking and Smuggling

Authors Paolo Campana, Federico Varese
Year 2016
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH
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19 Journal Article

Indian Student Mobility in the UK: Opportunities and challenges

Authors Leonard WILLIAMS
Description
In recent years there has been an astronomical growth in the numbers of Indian students studying at UK universities. This paper situates this increase in relation to global and historical developments: the development of internationalization in education, liberalization in the economies of India and the UK as well as the centuries-old relationship between the two countries. Statistical data is examined in order to develop a picture of this group, followed by the results of a qualitative study which examined the motivations and experiences of Indian students currently studying, or who have recently finished their studies in the UK. The results speak to Bourdieu’s (1984) theories of cultural capital and illustrate that student migrants do not go to the UK just for study, but that they often have larger expectations from the trip, entwined with their own personal long term strategies. Finally, the data is used to critique current UK policy with regards to the student visa system.
Year 2012
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21 Report

Mexico

Authors Gabriella SANCHEZ
Year 2018
Book Title Migrant smuggling data and research : a global review of the emerging evidence base
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23 Book Chapter

Migrant smuggling : novel insights and implications for migration control policies

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2018
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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24 Journal Article

Crossing the mountain and negotiating the border: Human smuggling in eastern Turkey

Authors Özge Biner
Year 2018
Journal Name New Perspectives on Turkey
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25 Journal Article

Migrant smuggling : irregular migration from Asia and Africa to Europe

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, Thanos MAROUKIS
Year 2012
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29 Book

Modeling migrant smuggling: Testing descriptive types against recent findings

Authors Veronika Bilger
Year 2018
Journal Name New Perspectives on Turkey
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33 Journal Article

Why Germany’s guestworkers were largely Europeans: The selective principles of post-war labour recruitment policy

Authors Karen Schönwälder
Year 2004
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
Citations (WoS) 17
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35 Journal Article

Human Smuggling Under Risk: Evidence from the Mediterranean

Description
Since 2007, the number of refugees fleeing conflict and violence has doubled to about 25 million. Mass migration has destabilized the European Union, lead to broad changes in national immigration policies, and triggered the resurgence of far right, xenophobic political parties. Yet little is known about how illicit human smuggling institutions may be driving migration and the subsequent political changes. We leverage granular data on migrant flows across the Mediterranean, coupled with information about sea routes, riots at port cities, and wave conditions, to conduct two studies. We find substantial evidence that migrant flows respond to political and environmental risks as well as a government-led counter-smuggling intervention. These findings clarify drivers of migration and suggest actions that can be taken to mitigate human smuggling.
Year 2019
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37 Report

Irregular migration to the EU and human smuggling in the Mediterranean : the nexus between organized crime and irregular migration

Authors Luigi ACHILLI
Year 2016
Book Title IEMed (ed.), IEMed Mediterranean yearbook 2016 : mobility and refugee crisis in the Mediterranean, IEMed : Barcelona, 2016, pp. 98-103
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38 Book Chapter

Migrant smuggling as a collective strategy and insurance policy : views from the margins

Authors Luigi ACHILLI, Gabriella SANCHEZ, Sheldon ZHANG
Year 2018
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39 Book

Crimes of solidarity in mobility : alternative views on migrant smuggling

Authors Sheldon ZHANG, Gabriella SANCHEZ, Luigi ACHILLI
Year 2018
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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40 Journal Article

Offloading Migration Management: The Institutionalized Authority of Non-State Agencies over the Guatemalan Temporary Agricultural Worker to Canada Project

Authors Giselle Valarezo
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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41 Journal Article

The Americas

Authors Gabriella SANCHEZ
Year 2018
Book Title [Migration Policy Centre]
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43 Book Chapter

Governing migrant smuggling

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2017
Book Title [Global Governance Programme], [Cultural Pluralism]
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45 Book Chapter

Critical insights on irregular migration facilitation : global perspectives

Authors Gabriella SANCHEZ, Luigi ACHILLI
Year 2019
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47 Book

Policing humanitarianism : EU policies against human smuggling and their impact on civil society

Authors Sergio CARRERA, Valsamis MITSILEGAS, Jennifer ALLSOPP, ...
Year 2019
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49 Book

The Market for Human Smuggling into Europe: A Macro Perspective

Authors Paolo Campana
Year 2017
Journal Name POLICING-A JOURNAL OF POLICY AND PRACTICE
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61 Journal Article

The human smuggling industry : nuances and complexities

Authors Luigi ACHILLI
Year 2018
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62 Working Paper

Governing migrant smuggling : a criminality approach is not sufficient

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2016
Journal Name [Global Governance Programme], [Cultural Pluralism]
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63 Journal Article

Reframing migrant smuggling as a form of knowledge : the view from the US-Mexico border

Authors Gabriella SANCHEZ, Nicholas NATIVIDAD
Year 2017
Book Title [Migration Policy Centre]
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65 Book Chapter

Policing the mobility society : the effects of EU-anti-migrant smuggling policies on humanitarianism

Authors Sergio CARRERA, Jennifer ALLSOPP, Lina VOSYLIUTE
Year 2018
Journal Name International Journal of Migration and Border Studies
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66 Journal Article

Hyper-individualized recruitment: Rural-urban labour migration and precarious construction work in Bangladesh

Authors Selim Reza
Year 2016
Journal Name Migration, Mobility, & Displacement
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79 Journal Article

Migration for whose benefit? Pakistani and Indian migrant communities’ remittance sending behavior and integration in Finland and Sweden. (89 500 €)

Principal investigator Zain Ul Abdin ()
Description
Project description: The aim of this doctoral research is to explore contemporary migration and remittance sending behaviors and their impacts on socio-professional integration of migrants from Pakistan and India in Finland and Sweden. The research assumes that distinct groups of migrants carry dissimilar cultural obligations upon migration, which emphasizes the need to compare migrants from different places of origin. As for the integration process, it is argued that acquiring a job to earn and send money back home promotes initial integration but minimizes consumption and the search for support from various compatriots tends to weaken the integration process in the long run. Migrants pushed by stronger obligations to remit spend a fairly longer time doing odd jobs than those with mild compulsions. Not pushed to work longer hours in unskilled jobs, the latter can dedicate more time to finishing their University degrees, learning the language, and eventually turn out to become an entrepreneur or acquire a professional job. The empirical data collection entails participant observations and semi-structured interviews in Malmö and Stockholm in Sweden and Helsinki and Turku in Finland. The primary foci of this research are those migrants who entered on a student visa. This multidisciplinary research addresses an understudied aspect of migrant behaviour, both in Finland and in neighbouring Sweden, namely the relationship between remittance sending and migrant integration. The study asks, who really benefits from migration. Is it the migrant himself/herself or the relatives of the migrant back home who receive the bulk of remittances? The research fills theoretical and empirical gaps regarding different migrant groups' behaviour in remittance vs. integration.
Year 2017
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80 Project

Waiting for the smuggler : tales across the border

Authors Luigi ACHILLI
Year 2019
Journal Name [Global Governance Programme], [Cultural Pluralism]
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85 Journal Article

The Bali Process

Year 2014
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86 Book

Demography, migration and labour market in Saudi Arabia

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
Saudi Arabia is a prime destination and source of remittances from workers for many countries in Asia and the Arab world. As of mid-2013, expatriates made up 32 percent of the Kingdom's population, most of them coming from South Asia. They accounted for 56.5 percent of the employed population and 89 percent of the private sector workforce. Since September 2011, and in spite of a spurt in foreign labour recruitment starting in the mid-2000s, a voluntary policy called Nitaqat aims at 'Saudising' the Kingdom's workforce. The most recent data also show the scale of the irregular migration phenomenon in Saudi Arabia: the amnesty campaign which started in April 2013 allowed 4.7 million foreign workers to regularise their status, while an ongoing crackdown on illegals forced one million to leave the Kingdom in 2013 alone, of which (as of November 30, 2013) 547,000 were deported.
Year 2014
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87 Report

Globalising Thailand through gendered ‘both-ways’ migration pathways with ‘the West’: cross-border connections between people, states, and places

Authors Paul Statham, Sarah Scuzzarello, Sirijit Sunanta, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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88 Journal Article

Some aspects of ukrainian legislative reform relating to combating against human trafficking

Authors Lyudmila DAVYDOVYCH, Valentina SUBOTENKO
Description
The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.
Year 2013
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89 Report

Neither 'criminals nor 'illegals' : children and adolescents in the migrant smuggling market on the US-MX border

Authors Gabriella SANCHEZ, Blanca NAVARRETE, Fernando LOERA, ...
Description
The present document constitutes an overview of the facilitation of irregular migration on the US Mexico border from a human rights perspective. The result of an NGO-academic partnership, it specifically outlines the contexts and challenges faced by boys, girls and adolescents who work in the migrant smuggling market in the Ciudad Juárez-El Paso corridor.
Year 2017
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90 Report

Exploitation in human trafficking and smuggling

Year 2016
Journal Name Journal on Criminal Policy and Research
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91 Journal Article

Global Human Smuggling: Comparative Perspectives

Authors Christine Balarezo
Year 2015
Journal Name Human Rights Review
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93 Journal Article

Can we put an end to human smuggling?

Authors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Year 2015
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94 Policy Brief

Crackdown on NGOs assisting refugees and other migrants

Authors Lina Lina Vosyliūtė, Carmine Conte, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2018
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97 Policy Brief

The socio-political background and stakes of ‘Saudizing’ the workforce in Saudi Arabia : the Nitaqat policy

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
The paper addresses the historical and institutional background of labour management policies in Saudi Arabia. It envisages it as a long-term, structural impediment to the successful and rapid implementation of Saudization (localisation) of the labour force in the Kingdom. The paper thus emphasises the socio-political stakes and challenges to localisation of the labour force and, more generally, economic and labour reform in the Gulf States. Since the onset of the Arab uprisings, however, unemployment among Saudis, and especially women, has become a burning political issue. Governmental actors had no choice but to attempt to regain control over the economy and the management of the labour market. In September 2011, in spite of a spurt in foreign labour recruitment since the mid-2000s, a voluntary policy called “Nitaqat” aiming to “Saudize” the Kingdom’s workforce was enacted. This paper reviews its characteristics and points to its all-encompassing design as it addresses the socio-political context of Saudization and therefore is more likely to have a lasting effect than previous workforce localisation initiatives.
Year 2015
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99 Report

New Global Politics of Reproductive Labor: Gendered Labor and Marriage Migration

Authors Pei-Chia Lan
Year 2008
Journal Name SOCIOLOGY COMPASS
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100 Journal Article
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