Governmental institutions in travel & migration

Governmental actors play a crucial role in the creation and support of migration infrastructures. On the one hand, they provide regular migration channels through institutions such as as consulates, embassies or national immigration services issuing student visas, work permits, Blue Cards, residence cards etc. Some governments also provide humanitarian resettlement and other regular pathways for refugees;that is to say, the  lawful admissions of persons who can neither return to their home countries nor live in safety in neighbouring host countries. They can also mandate private or civil society actors to act on their behalf to facilitate migration. On the other hand, state actors take care of the infrastructure for involuntary forms of migration, notably removals. Finally, governmental actors implement and control legal regulations of migration infrastructures, like visa regulations, border policies, or legal frameworks in the field of travel and transportation.

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Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration

Year 2019
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
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1 Journal Article

Is Regular Migration Safer Migration? Insights from Thailand

Authors Maryann Bylander
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal on Migration and Human Security
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2 Journal Article

A Visa for Schengen's Europe: Consular practices and regular migration from Senegal to Italy

Authors Francesca ZAMPAGNI
Description
In this paper I am going to explore the process of visa issuance of a European Union Member State's consulate in a country of high emigration, taking the Italian Embassy in Dakar as a case-study. The paper falls into two main sections. In the first part, I will present the context of my analysis, in order to get to grips with the significance of consulates within the wider framework of migration management in countries of origin. Thus, I will focus on the European Union visa policy, which represents one of the key EU instruments for regulation of migration flows from third countries, then on the role of Senegal in EU migration management as well as on the relevance assumed by Italy in Senegalese migratory routes. The second part deals with an analysis of visa' issuing procedures in the Italian consulate in Dakar, taking into account the whole process, from accessing information to issuance/refusal, in order to estimate costs of migrating with documents (‘regularly’) towards the EU. Furthermore, I will focus on family reunification visas to show how practices of control persist even in the case of a recognized right. My argument is that the map of Schengen visas represents a metaphor of the new division in our world, where EU Member States’ consulates filter out ‘undesirable people’ at their gates with the presumption of ‘migration risk’ demanding stricter and stricter requisites for visas. It is difficult not to question the consequences of such practices on the development of the streams of ‘irregular’ migration and on the responsibilities that consulates come to assume. Dans cet article, j’explore le processus de délivrance des visas du consulat d’un État membre de l'Union européenne dans un pays à forte émigration, en prenant l'ambassade d'Italie à Dakar comme une étude de cas. Le document se divise en deux sections principales. Dans la première partie, je présente le contexte de mon analyse afin de se familiariser avec l'importance des consulats dans le cadre plus large de la gestion migratoire dans les pays d'origine. Ainsi, je me concentre sur la politique de l'Union européenne en matière de visas, un des instruments clés de l'UE dans le cadre de la régulation des flux migratoires en provenance des pays tiers. Ensuite, j’étudie le rôle du Sénégal dans la gestion de la migration de l'UE ainsi que sur la pertinence assumée par l'Italie dans sénégalais routes migratoires. La deuxième partie traite de l'analyse de visa »les procédures de délivrance dans le consulat italien à Dakar, en tenant compte de l'ensemble du processus, d'accéder à l'information à l'émission / refus, afin d'estimer les coûts de migration avec des documents (« régulièrement ») vers la UE. Par ailleurs, je vais me concentrer sur les visas de regroupement familial pour montrer comment les pratiques de contrôle de persister même dans le cas d'un droit reconnu. Mon argument est que la carte de visas Schengen représente une métaphore de la nouvelle division dans notre monde, où les Etats membres de l'UE des personnes indésirables »consulats filtrer 'à leurs portes avec la présomption de« risque migratoire exigeants »requis en plus strictes pour les visas . Il est difficile de ne pas remettre en question les conséquences de telles pratiques sur le développement du flux des «irréguliers» des migrations et sur les responsabilités qui viennent consulats à assumer
Year 2011
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3 Report

Legal migration for work and training: Mobility options to Europe for those not in need of protection

Authors Hanne Beirens, Camille Le Coz, Kate Hooper, ...
Description
Legal migration channels are considered to be a critical part of comprehensive migration policy and are often called for as alternatives to irregular migration for individuals not in need of international protection. In light of significant mixed migration flows to Europe, the SVR Research Unit in cooperation with the Migration Policy Institute Europe examined options for third-country nationals who seek to move legally for education, training and/or work. Through a combination of five country case studies (France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Sweden) and an analysis of the European Union’s external migration policy, the study explores existing legal migration options and challenges in policy design and implementation. It also reflects on potential future approaches to legal migration policies and programmes.
Year 2019
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5 Report

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration: What's Next

Authors Antonio Vitorino
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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6 Journal Article

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration: An Unlikely Achievement

Authors Kathleen Newland
Year 2019
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
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7 Journal Article

The UN Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration: Its Impact on Asia

Authors Binod Khadria, Narender Thakur, Imelda Nicolas, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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10 Journal Article

The UN Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration: What Place for Human Rights?

Authors Elspeth Guild
Year 2019
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
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11 Journal Article

“Once You Arrive, Se Te Sala Todo” (Everything is Salted): Latina Migrants' Search for “Dignity and a Right to Life” in Canada

Authors Rupaleem Bhuyan, Bethany J. Osborne, Janet Flor Juanico Cruz
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies
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13 Journal Article

Data and research to inform global policy: the global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration

Authors Ellen Percy Kraly, Bela Hovy
Year 2020
Journal Name Comparative Migration Studies
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20 Journal Article

The Global Compacts on Refugees and for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration: Introduction to the Special Issue

Authors Elizabeth Ferris, Susan F. Martin
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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22 Journal Article

The European Union and the Background of the Global Compacts

Authors Emma Martín Díaz, Juan Pablo Aris Escarcena
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration
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23 Journal Article

Protecting and Benchmarking Migrants' Rights: An Analysis of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration

Authors Justin Gest, Tom Wong, Ian M. Kysel
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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24 Journal Article

Implementation of the Global Compact on Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration: A Whole-of-Society Approach

Authors J. Kevin Appleby
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal on Migration and Human Security
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25 Journal Article

The UN global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration: Its impact on Asia (vol 57, 6, 2019)

Authors Binod Khadria, Narender Thakur, Imelda Nicolas, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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26 Journal Article

SPECIAL ISSUE: THE GLOBAL COMPACT FOR SAFE, ORDERLY AND REGULAR MIGRATION AND THE GLOBAL COMPACT ON REFUGEES INTRODUCTION

Authors Howard Duncan
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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29 Journal Article

From Zero to Hero? An analysis of the human rights protections within the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM)

Authors Elspeth Guild, Tugba Basaran, Kathryn Allinson
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration
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35 Journal Article

The Global Compact for Migration: From the Sustainable Development Goals to a Comprehensive Agreement on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration

Authors Michele Klein Solomon, Suzanne Sheldon
Year 2019
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
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36 Journal Article

Selectief naast restrictief. Evaluatie van de Wet modern migratiebeleid

Authors Research and Documentation Centre, Dutch Ministry of Justice and Security, Gerrie Lodder
Description
Op 1 juni 2013 is de Wet modern migratiebeleid (wet MoMi) in werking getreden. De wet MoMi ziet op een modernisering van het reguliere toelatingsbeleid ten aanzien van migranten van buiten de Europese Unie, de zogenaamde derdelanders. Het reguliere toelatingsbeleid is gedifferentieerd naar verschillende verblijfsdoelen zoals werk, studie of gezinshereniging. De wet MoMi heeft geen betrekking op asielmigratie. De centrale probleemstelling van de wetsevaluatie is: Voldoet de wet MoMi aan de doelstellingen zoals deze door de wetgever zijn geformuleerd bij de totstandkoming van de wettelijke regeling? De probleemstelling is uitgewerkt in drie onderzoeksvragen die corresponderen met de drie hierboven genoemde terreinen: de toelatingsprocedures, de referentensystematiek en toezicht en handhaving. 1.Zijn de toelatingsprocedures voor alle reguliere migranten snel, doeltreffend en beheersbaar? 2.Werkt de referentensystematiek en zijn de administratieve lasten voor burgers en bedrijven zo beperkt mogelijk gehouden? 3.Is het toezicht- en handhavingsmechanisme zoals neergelegd in de wet MoMi (gebaseerd op vertrouwen vooraf en controle achteraf) effectief?
Year 2019
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37 Report

Irregularity as Normality among Immigrants South and East of the Mediterranean

Authors Philippe FARGUES
Description
Southern and Eastern Mediterranean (SEM) countries have become receivers of international migrants without the instruments and policies for integrating them. As a result, irregular migration has grown faster that regular migration. The paper establishes that the SEM currently hosts more than 3.6 million irregular migrants: irregular labour migrants targeting local labour markets are the largest category, followed by unrecognised refugees waiting for return or resettlement, then, in much smaller numbers, by transit migrants waiting for a passage to Europe. Regardless the different reasons behind migration, these three categories tend to merge into one group of population that has no legal access to labour, welfare and protection, that acts as a regulator of labour markets while escaping governments' control.
Year 2009
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38 Report

Europe’s Migration Agreements with Migrant-Sending Countries in the Global South: A Critical Review

Authors Aderanti Adepoju, Femke Van Noorloos, Annelies Zoomers
Year 2009
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 47
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40 Journal Article

Immigration Detention under the Global Compacts in the Light of Refugee and Human Rights Law Standards

Authors Izabella Majcher
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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43 Journal Article

Role of Regional Consultative Processes in the lead up to the Negotiations of Global Compact on Migration: The Case of Africa

Authors Olawale Maiyegun
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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60 Journal Article

From Migrant Identity to Migration Industry: The changing conditions of transnational migration

Authors Ninna Nyberg Sørensen
Year 2018
Journal Name Nordic Journal of Migration Research
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62 Journal Article

When Migration Policy Isn't about Migration: Considerations for Implementation of the Global Compact for Migration

Authors Tendayi Bloom
Year 2019
Journal Name ETHICS & INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
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69 Journal Article

Beyond migration patterns—understanding family reunion decisions of Filipino labour and Thai marriage migrants in global reproductive systems

Authors Asuncion Fresnoza-Flot
Year 2018
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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71 Journal Article

Shortcomings and/or Missed Opportunities of the Global Compacts for the Protection of Forced Migrants

Authors Liliana Lyra Jubilut, Melissa Martins Casagrande
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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73 Journal Article

The state of our Union : confronting the future

Authors Martin SCHEININ
Year 2015
Journal Name International journal of constitutional law (I-CON)
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78 Journal Article

Unauthorized Migration and the Politics of Regularization, Legalization, and Amnesty

Authors Willem Maas
Book Title Labour Migration in Europe
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81 Book Chapter

The new immigrants Global trends in migration towards OECD countries between 2000/01 and 2015/16

Authors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Year 2019
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83 Policy Brief

Media coverage on migration : promoting a balanced reporting

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Description
This paper is part of the IOM Migration Research Leaders Syndicate’s contribution toward the Global Compact for Migration. It is one of 26 papers that make up a consolidated Syndicate publication, which focuses on proposing ways to address complex and pressing issues in contemporary international migration. The Migration Research Leaders Syndicate, convened as part of IOM’s efforts to extend policy and technical expertise in support of the Global Compact for Migration, comprises senior researchers from diverse geographic, disciplinary and thematic backgrounds. The Syndicate provides a channel for leading experts in migration to propose ideas to meet the ambitious goals outlined in the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants of September 2016. In technical papers such as this one, Syndicate members were invited to identify and propose ways to resolve key conundrums currently posing challenges to international migration governance. To hone their proposals, they benefited from the input of advisors with experience in bridging policy and research, whether as senior non-migration scholars, former policy makers or prominent practitioners. The papers are short and crisp contributions that provide evidence-based, innovative ideas to improve international cooperation on fostering safe, orderly and regular migration.
Year 2017
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84 Report

The Current Scheme to Manage Migration between Europe and Cape Verde: Promoter of Development or Tool for Border Closure?

Authors Jose Pina-Delgado
Year 2013
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 7
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88 Journal Article

Power and proliferation: Explaining the fragmentation of global migration governance

Authors Lena Kainz, Alexander Betts
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Studies
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89 Journal Article

Migrant workers’ wage offers: the paradox of the involvement of recruitment intermediaries

Authors Bilesha Weeraratne
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration Studies
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90 Journal Article

Caught in the Crossfire: Challenges to Migrant Protection in the Yemeni and Libyan Conflicts

Authors Danielle Flanagan
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal on Migration and Human Security
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93 Journal Article

Not for Adults Only: Toward a Child Lens in Migration Policies in Asia

Authors Maruja M. B. Asis, Alan Feranil
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal on Migration and Human Security
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100 Journal Article
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