Immigration admission and control (general)

Results displayed in this section refer to research on policies, laws, legislation, regulation or measures regarding the admission and the control of admission of migrants. It includes controls carried out at borders, such as the passport controls, as well as visa policies and programs, and policies regarding legal migration admission such as quota systems and labour migration programs.

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The Effect of Visas on Migration Processes

Authors Mathias Czaika, Hein de Haas
Year 2017
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 18
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2 Journal Article

Subversive Self-Employment: Intersectionality and Self-Employment Among Dependent Visas Holders in the United States

Authors Pallavi Banerjee
Year 2019
Journal Name American Behavioral Scientist, 2014, Vol. 58, No. 12, pp. 1614-1633
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3 Journal Article

Elucidating the impact of visa regimes: A decision tree analysis

Authors Cemil Kuzey, Abdullah S. Karaman, Engin Akman
Year 2019
Journal Name TOURISM MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVES
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5 Journal Article

The symbolic meaning of international mobility: EU–Morocco negotiations on visa facilitation

Authors Nora El Qadim
Year 2018
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 2
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9 Journal Article

Regulating Movement of the Very Mobile: Selected Legal and Policy Aspects of Ukrainian Migration to EU Countries

Authors Monika Szulecka
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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10 Book Chapter

Do restrictive asylum and visa policies increase irregular migration into Europe?

Authors Mathias Czaika, Mogens Hobolth
Year 2016
Journal Name European Union Politics
Citations (WoS) 11
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12 Journal Article

EU mobility regimes and visa policy towards ENP countries

Authors Perrine DUMAS, GOLDNER LANG Iris
Year 2015
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13 Working Paper

The EU’s (un)common visa policy : lost in aspirations

Authors Sergo MANANASHVILI
Year 2014
Book Title [Migration Policy Centre]
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14 Book Chapter

Visas and Non-discrimination

Authors Maarten den Heijer
Year 2018
Journal Name European Journal of Migration and Law
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15 Journal Article

The Impact of Tourist Visas on Intercontinental South-South Migration: Ecuador’s Policy of “Open Doors” as a Quasi-Experiment

Authors Luisa Feline Freier, Kyle Holloway
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration Review
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17 Journal Article

The making of ‘skilled’ overseas Koreans: transformation of visa policies for co-ethnic migrants in South Korea

Authors Sohoon Lee, Yi-Chun Chien
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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18 Journal Article

The Migration of Westerners to Thailand: An Unusual Flow From Developed to Developing World

Authors Robert W. Howard
Year 2009
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 15
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19 Journal Article

Who Travels Visa-Free? Insights into Tourist Hassle-Free Travel

Authors Prosper F. Bangwayo-Skeete, Ryan W. Skeete
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF TRAVEL RESEARCH
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20 Journal Article

(Re)locating the border: Pre-entry tuberculosis (TB) screening of migrants to the UK

Authors Adam Warren
Year 2013
Journal Name Geoforum
Citations (WoS) 3
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21 Journal Article

The relational dimension of externalizing border control: selective visa policies in migration and border diplomacy

Authors Lena Laube
Year 2019
Journal Name Comparative Migration Studies
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22 Journal Article

Studying to Stay: Understanding Graduate Visa Policy Content and Context in the United States and Australia

Authors Adam Grimm
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration
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23 Journal Article

Salience, path dependency and the coalition between the European Commission and the Danish Council Presidency: Why the EU opened a visa liberalisation process with Turkey

Authors Alexander Burgin
Year 2013
Journal Name European integration online papers, 2015, Vol. 19, Special issue 1, Article 6, pp. 1-33
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25 Journal Article

Visa Officers as Gatekeepers of a State's Borders: The Social Determinants of Discretion in Spousal Sponsorship Cases in Canada

Authors Vic Satzewich
Year 2014
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 9
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26 Journal Article

The Punishment/El Castigo: Undocumented Latinos and US Immigration Processing

Authors Ruth Gomberg-Muñoz
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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27 Journal Article

European Security Challenges

Authors Franck DÜVELL, Bastian VOLLMER
Description
Irregular migration was first noted during the 1970s, peaked around 2000 and is decreasing, the stock dropped to 3.8 million in 2008 and the flow of clandestine entry dropped to 103,000 apprehensions in 2009. Migration and border controls have been stepped up considerably by the EU and its member states over the past 15 years and were also extended to almost all neighbouring and transit countries along the main routes. Although clandestine entry, notably the arrival of boat people triggers most attention and is high on the policy agenda the overwhelming majority of irregular immigrants enter legally and then overstay, work in breach of their visa limits or otherwise lose their status; others claim asylum, are refused but stay on irregularly.
Year 2011
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28 Report

Uneven Hedging of Economic Risks for a Skilled Workforce: Are Immigrants Disadvantaged?

Authors LX Hao, Siri Warkentien
Year 2016
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 1
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29 Journal Article

EU Immigration and Asylum Law

Authors Nicola Rogers, Steve Peers
Year 2018
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30 Book

United We Stand? Conceptual Diversity in the EU Strategy Against Organized Crime

Authors Felia Allum, Monica Den Boer
Year 2013
Journal Name Journal of European Integration
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32 Journal Article

DHS Overestimates Visa Overstays for 2016; Overstay Population Growth Near Zero During the Year

Authors Robert Warren
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal on Migration and Human Security
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34 Journal Article

DHS Overestimates Visa Overstays for 2016; Overstay Population Growth near Zero during the Year

Authors Robert Warren
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal on Migration and Human Security
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35 Journal Article

South Korea country report

Authors Ijin HONG
Description
Emigrants from the Korean peninsula are one of the biggest migrant communities in the world, but yet little is known internationally about their characteristics or differences by geographic area. This explorative paper attempts to shed light on overseas Koreans and their classifications, and on the ways in which the state (mainly the South Korean government) deals with them. Generally speaking, it is possible to distinguish overseas Koreans into Kyopos (in the Western world and in Japan), Koryos (based in the ex-Soviet Union), and Chosuns (the Korean diaspora in China). While the South Korean state tends to only address their situation with a visa policy upon those returning to their homeland, NGOs and other private organizations are more active in addressing the needs of the Korean diasporas abroad.
Year 2014
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36 Report

Intelligent Portable Border Control System

Description
iBorderCtrl envisages to enable faster thorough border control for third country nationals crossing the borders of EU, with technologies that adopt the future development of the Schengen Border Management. The project will present an optimal mixture of an enhanced, voluntary form of a Registered Traveller Programme and an auxiliary solution for the Entry/Exit System based on involving bona fide travellers. iBorderCtrl designs and implements a system that adopts mobility concepts and consists of a two-stage procedure, designed to reduce cost/time spent per traveller at the crossing station. It leverages software and hardware technologies ranging from portable readers/scanners, various emerging and novel subsystems for automatic controls, wireless networking for mobile controls, and secure backend storage and processing. The two-stage procedure includes: (A) the registration before the travel to gather initial personal, travel document and vehicle data, perform a short, automated, non-invasive interview with an avatar, subject to lie detection and link the traveller to any pre-existing authority data. Utilizing multifactor analytics and risk-based approach, the data registered is processed and correlated with publicly open data or external systems such as the SIS II. Processing will need the travellers consent as set in EU legislation and national law. (B) the actual control at the border that complements pre-registered information with results of security controls that are performed with a portable, wireless connected iBorderCtrl unit that can be used inside buses/trains or any point. Multiple technologies check validity and authenticity of parameters (e.g. travel documents, visa, face recognition of traveller using passport picture, real-time automated non-invasive lie detection in interview by officer, etc.). The data collected are encrypted, securely transferred and analysed in real time, providing an automated decision support system for the border control officers.
Year 2016
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37 Project

The Evolution of Chinese Mainland Visitors to Hong Kong from International Visitors to Domestic Visitors

Authors Lisa Yip, Stephen Pratt
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF CHINA TOURISM RESEARCH
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38 Journal Article

Low birthweight among immigrants in Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States

Authors Melissa L. Martinson, M Tienda, Julien Teitler
Year 2017
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
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39 Journal Article

Mobility regimes and the crisis: the changing face of Chinese migration due to the Portuguese golden visa policy

Authors M. F. Amante, I. Rodrigues
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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41 Journal Article

Digital Borders and Real Rights

Authors Evelien Brouwer
Year 2018
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42 Book

The Discursive Production of a Mexican Refugee Crisis in Canadian Media and Policy

Authors Liette Gilbert
Year 2013
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 11
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43 Journal Article

The incomplete trajectory of Albanian migration in Greece

Authors Eda GEMI
Description
The study addresses the irregular migration of Albanians to Greece. In particular, it analyses the key findings of the fieldwork with 87 Albanian migrants, the dynamic of irregular migration from Albania to Greece, the factors and the actors who affect them as well as the success or failure of the relevant migration policies. The report shows that the expanding possibility of legal entry into Greece has had the immediate consequence of limiting irregular border crossing. What emerges is that the dynamic of attraction exerted by the demand for seasonal work in sectors like tourism and agriculture, is critical in shaping the irregular migration map. The data of the case study showed that irregular flows are not significantly implicating new migrants. Rather, we see that the involvement of those who perhaps possess even rudimentary information about the Greek environment and maintain contacts with the migration networks (ethnic, family and/or with Greek employers) in Greece. Finally, the migration plans of Albanians have been shaped accordingly with the impact of the crisis on opportunities for employment in Greece, the legal status, the level of influence and facilitation provided by migration networks, the migration policies, the liberalisation of the entry visa for Albanian nationals (implemented in December 2010), the bilateral relations between Albanian and Greece, and the unstable political and socio-economic situation in Albania.
Year 2015
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44 Report

FastPass: A harmonized, modular reference system for all European automatic border crossing points

Description
Automatic border controls are an increasingly relevant mode by which borders are crossed, both in the European Union and around the world. The Fastpass project aims to establish and demonstrate a next generation harmonised, modular approach for Automated Border Control (ABC) systems. To do so, it brings together key stakeholders involved throughout the development of an ABC system: system and component producers, research institutions, governmental authorities and end users. The ICMPD Research Department is particularly involved in engaging users and other stakeholders, as well as analysing the needs and requirements necessary for an ABC system. The ICMPD Border Management and Visa Competence Centre is also involved in interacting with and training border guards to use the system, as well as ensuring the needs of the end user group of border guards are also included. Objectives: • Integration of the Smart Border components of an exit-entry system and a registered traveller programme within the system; • Harmonised use of the system across a variety of countries, based on feedback from travellers and border guards; • Development of an innovative border crossing concept that interfaces with existing security and infrastructure processes at air, land and sea borders; • Design and inclusion of innovative technology with regard to ABC systems; • Establishment of a European ABC solution, and a new European ABC suppliers network Project Partners: Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH (AIT), Teknologian tutkimuskeskus VTT, Austrian Federal Ministry of the Interior, Österreichische Staatsdruckerei GmbH, Fraunhofer IOSB, Interdisciplinary Center for Law and ICT of K.U. Leuven, Finnish Border Guard RVL, Secunet Security Networks AG, Mirasys Ltd, Regula Baltija Ltd, University of Reading, University of Tampere, Gunnebo Entrance Control Ltd, Giesecke & Devrient GmbH, MODI Modular Digits GmbH, Magnetic Autocontrol GmbH, European Commission Joint Research Center, ITTE Sp.z.o.o., Deltabit Oy, Oxford Internet Institute of the University of Oxford, Romanian Border Guard, Finavia Cooperation, Port of Mykonos, Fraport AG, Flughafen Wien AG, Intrepid Minds.
Year 2013
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45 Project

Women and border policing at the edges of Europe

Authors Mary Bosworth, Sharon Pickering, Andriani Fili
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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48 Journal Article

The International Consequences of American National Origins Quotas: The Australian Case

Authors David C. Atkinson
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF AMERICAN STUDIES
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50 Journal Article

Frontex Risk Analysis Network (FRAN) Quarterly Report

Description
Statistical analysis of quarterly changes of eight irregular-migration indicators and one asylum indicator, provided by MS border-control authorities. Indicators: Detections of illegal border-crossing between Border Crossing Points (BCPs); Detections of illegal border-crossing at BCPs; detections of suspected facilitators; detections of illegal stay; refusals of entry; asylum applications; detections of false documents; return decisions for illegally staying third-country nationals; returns of illegally staying third-country nationals)
Year 2012
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51 Data Set

Western Balkans Quarterly Report

Description
The Western Balkans Quarterly is focused on quarterly developments as reflected by the seven key indicators of irregular migration: (1) detections of illegal border-crossing between border crossing points (BCPs), (2) detections of illegal border-crossing at BCPs, (3) refusals of entry, (4) detections of illegal stay, (5) asylum applications, (6) detections of facilitators, and (7) detections of fraudulent documents.
Year 2016
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52 Data Set

Racism in the brazilian way or racism without racists: coloniality of power and denial of racism in the university environment

Authors Angela Figueiredo, Ramon Grosfoguel
Year 2009
Journal Name SOCIEDADE E CULTURA
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53 Journal Article

Frontex Annual Risk Analysis Report

Description
The Frontex Risk Analysis Report concentrates on the current scope of Frontex operational activities, which focuses on irregular migration at the external borders of the EU and Schengen Associated Countries. Central to the concept of integrated border management (IBM), border management should also cover security threats present at the external borders. Indicators used: Detections of illegal border-crossings between Border Crossing Points (BCPs); Detections of illegal border-crossing at BCPs; detections of suspected facilitators; detections of illegal stay; refusals of entry;reasons of refusal; detections of false documents; return decisions; effective returns; and passenger flow (when available).
Year 2011
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54 Data Set

Eastern Partnership Risk Analysis Network Quarterly Report (EaP-RAN)

Description
The Eastern Partnership (EaP) Quarterly statistical overview is focused on quarterly developments for the seven key indicators of irregular migration: (1) detections of illegal border-crossing between BCPs; (2) detections of illegal border-crossing at BCPs; (3) refusals of entry; (4) detections of illegal stay; (5) asylum applications; (6) detections of facilitators; and (7) detections of fraudulent documents.
Year 2016
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55 Data Set

IMMIGRATION CONTROL IN DISGUISE? Civic Integration Policies and Immigrant Admission

Authors Anton Ahlen, Frida Borang
Year 2018
Journal Name Nordic Journal of Migration Research
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56 Journal Article

Treatment of third country nationals at the EU’s external borders

Principal investigator Anna Triandafyllidou (PI)
Description
Over 300 million persons, both European Union citizens and third-country nationals, cross the external borders of the EU every year. The Schengen Borders Code stresses that EU citizens and persons enjoying freedom of movement in the Union, such as family members of EU citizens, should be subject to minimum border checks. By contrast, third-country nationals must be subject to thorough checks which include purpose of stay, means of subsistence during the stay as well as verification in databases. Third-country nationals intercepted or rescued at sea and/or land borders of the EU, often have their fundamental rights violated, both civil and social rights. The project “Treatment of third country nationals at the EU’s external borders” focuses on the treatment of third-country nationals in relation to their civil and social rights. Information will be collected from irregular migrants at entry points and reception centers of the participating countries, local authorities, fishermen and sea patrol, border guards and informed persons. By identifying possible shortcomings as well as good practices in the way border checks are conducted at the main entry points into the European Union, the project seeks to assist policymakers and practitioners to enhance the quality of border checks at crossing points. This is a two-phase project, with Phase I starting in 2011, focusing on the sea border of the EU and Phase II, expected to begin in the end of 2011, concentrating on the land border of the EU. Complementing the innovative primary research is a review of the training received by border guards on Fundamental Rights. The aim of this review will be to highlight the effectiveness, sufficiency and potential gaps of the training offered.
Year 2011
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57 Project

Life Satisfaction of Cross-Border Marriage Migrants in South Korea: Exploring the Social Network Effects

Authors Sojin Yu, Feinian Chen
Year 2018
Journal Name International Migration Review
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58 Journal Article

Territory, Procedures and Rights: Border Procedures in European Asylum Law

Authors Galina Cornelisse
Year 2016
Journal Name Refugee Survey Quarterly
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59 Journal Article

The American Fence: Liberal Political Theory and the Immorality of Membership

Authors Phillip Cole
Book Title Citizenship Acquisition and National Belonging
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61 Book Chapter

Measuring illegal immigration at US border stations by sampling from a flow of 500 million travelers

Authors P Morrel-Samuels
Year 2002
Journal Name Population and Environment
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62 Journal Article

Affirmative Action and Political Dispute in Today’s Brazilian Academe

Authors Sales Augusto dos Santos
Year 2014
Journal Name Latin American Perspectives
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63 Journal Article

The road: An ethnography of the Albanian-Greek cross-border motorway

Authors DIMITRIS DALAKOGLOU
Year 2010
Journal Name American Ethnologist
Citations (WoS) 61
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64 Journal Article

The Extra-Territorialisation of EU Migration Policies and the Rule of Law

Authors Jorrit J. RIJPMA, Marise CREMONA
Year 2007
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65 Working Paper

When Visa-free Travel Becomes Difficult to Achieve and Easy to Lose: The EU Visa Free Dialogues after the EU’s Experience with the Western Balkans

Authors Florian Trauner, Emanuele Manigrassi
Year 2014
Journal Name European Journal of Migration and Law
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66 Journal Article

A Visa for Schengen's Europe: Consular practices and regular migration from Senegal to Italy

Authors Francesca ZAMPAGNI
Description
In this paper I am going to explore the process of visa issuance of a European Union Member State's consulate in a country of high emigration, taking the Italian Embassy in Dakar as a case-study. The paper falls into two main sections. In the first part, I will present the context of my analysis, in order to get to grips with the significance of consulates within the wider framework of migration management in countries of origin. Thus, I will focus on the European Union visa policy, which represents one of the key EU instruments for regulation of migration flows from third countries, then on the role of Senegal in EU migration management as well as on the relevance assumed by Italy in Senegalese migratory routes. The second part deals with an analysis of visa' issuing procedures in the Italian consulate in Dakar, taking into account the whole process, from accessing information to issuance/refusal, in order to estimate costs of migrating with documents (‘regularly’) towards the EU. Furthermore, I will focus on family reunification visas to show how practices of control persist even in the case of a recognized right. My argument is that the map of Schengen visas represents a metaphor of the new division in our world, where EU Member States’ consulates filter out ‘undesirable people’ at their gates with the presumption of ‘migration risk’ demanding stricter and stricter requisites for visas. It is difficult not to question the consequences of such practices on the development of the streams of ‘irregular’ migration and on the responsibilities that consulates come to assume. Dans cet article, j’explore le processus de délivrance des visas du consulat d’un État membre de l'Union européenne dans un pays à forte émigration, en prenant l'ambassade d'Italie à Dakar comme une étude de cas. Le document se divise en deux sections principales. Dans la première partie, je présente le contexte de mon analyse afin de se familiariser avec l'importance des consulats dans le cadre plus large de la gestion migratoire dans les pays d'origine. Ainsi, je me concentre sur la politique de l'Union européenne en matière de visas, un des instruments clés de l'UE dans le cadre de la régulation des flux migratoires en provenance des pays tiers. Ensuite, j’étudie le rôle du Sénégal dans la gestion de la migration de l'UE ainsi que sur la pertinence assumée par l'Italie dans sénégalais routes migratoires. La deuxième partie traite de l'analyse de visa »les procédures de délivrance dans le consulat italien à Dakar, en tenant compte de l'ensemble du processus, d'accéder à l'information à l'émission / refus, afin d'estimer les coûts de migration avec des documents (« régulièrement ») vers la UE. Par ailleurs, je vais me concentrer sur les visas de regroupement familial pour montrer comment les pratiques de contrôle de persister même dans le cas d'un droit reconnu. Mon argument est que la carte de visas Schengen représente une métaphore de la nouvelle division dans notre monde, où les Etats membres de l'UE des personnes indésirables »consulats filtrer 'à leurs portes avec la présomption de« risque migratoire exigeants »requis en plus strictes pour les visas . Il est difficile de ne pas remettre en question les conséquences de telles pratiques sur le développement du flux des «irréguliers» des migrations et sur les responsabilités qui viennent consulats à assumer
Year 2011
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67 Report

Policy on migration and diasporas in Georgia

Authors Natia CHELIDZE
Description
Even though, due to Georgia’s geopolitical location and its demographic and economic development, the migration process management is one of the priorities in the country, no migration policy and legislation for the regulation of this field have yet been formed at the state level in Georgia. Local politicians are well aware of the major importance of the labour migration from Georgia for the overcoming of socio-economic crisis in our country. The regulation and management of migration has become a significant part of the international obligations undertaken by Georgia. One of the considerable achievements of the current authorities of Georgia is liberalization of the movement to EU countries and the support to the circular migration. However, unfortunately, bilateral interstate agreements with the main countries of immigration for the legalization of labour migration have not been completed so far. It is still not distinct yet when the work on signing an agreement1 on the residence of qualified professionals from Georgia and the circular migration with France having ongoing for the last few years, will be finalized. The proper assessment of the migration processes is not available because of the lack of the updated statistical database. Nevertheless, the state is taking major steps for regulating the registration of migration flows through the institutions and mechanisms established to serve this purpose. The gradual adoption of modern infrastructure provides for the efficient border monitoring, along with the already introduced secure identity and travel documents (the latest version of a biometric passport and a secure electronic identity card). Currently, the state is pursuing liberal visa policy for the achievement of sustainable economic development, the improvement of an infrastructure for tourism and the attraction of additional investments. Although, the potential challenges accompanying the growth of the number of migrants, should also be taken into account. This process shall be taken special care of, so as to transform it into an incentive factor for the social and economic development, and to avoid the negative consequences of uncontrolled migration, at the same time.
Year 2012
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68 Report

Interviews with women in India

Authors Brian Turnbull
Year 2019
Journal Name QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
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69 Journal Article

"Right Here is the Gateway": Mobility, Sex Work Entry and HIV Risk along the Mexico-US Border

Authors Shira Goldenberg, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Jay G. Silverman, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name International Migration
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70 Journal Article

Ethnic attitudes in Pakistan

Authors R Mullick, J Hraba
Year 2001
Journal Name International Journal of Intercultural Relations
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71 Journal Article

The Wages of Skilled Temporary Migrants: Effects of Visa Pathways and Job Portability

Authors BL Lowell, Johanna Avato
Year 2014
Journal Name International Migration
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73 Journal Article

Is Immigrant Selection in Canada Racialized? Visa Officer Discretion and Approval Rates for Spousal and Federal Skilled Worker Applications

Authors Vic Satzewich
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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74 Journal Article

Australian border policing: regional ‘solutions’ and neocolonialism

Authors Michael Grewcock
Year 2014
Journal Name Race & Class
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75 Journal Article

An Institutional Approach to Bordering in Islands: The Canary Islands on the African-European Migration Routes

Authors Dirk Godenau
Year 2012
Journal Name ISLAND STUDIES JOURNAL
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77 Journal Article

Vikhrov's visa index

Description
The index is based on three types of entry visa restrictions: visa required, visa not required for short stays and visa not required. The author identifies country pairs which changed their visa regime during 1998–2010. This immigration policy index is constructed for all countries and territories in the world for both March 1998 and November 2009. This index is heterogeneous across destination and origin countries as well as over time.
Year 2009
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78 Data Set

The Lesvos Refugee Crisis as Disaster Capitalism

Authors Anja K. Franck
Year 2018
Journal Name Peace Review
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79 Journal Article

Real fake? Appropriating mobility via Schengen visa in the context of biometric border controls

Authors Stephan Scheel
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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81 Journal Article

Illegal Immigrants in Canada: Recent Developments

Authors W.G. Robinson
Year 1984
Journal Name International Migration Review
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82 Journal Article

The Social Life of the First Reception Regime: Human rights, dignity and hospitality on irregular migrant maritime routes into the EU

Principal investigator Daniela DeBono (Project Leader), Maja Povrzanović Frykman (Participant), Anna Triandafyllidou (Participant), Robert Schuman (Participant)
Description
Alongside the increase in EU border control, there are efforts by the European Union (EU) and its Member States to mainstream human rights principles in external border control and in the construction of fair asylum systems. The safeguarding of human rights is critically important for migrants, especially at first reception and in border activity when migrants are at their most vulnerable physically, legally and politically, socio-culturally and economically. The responsibility for ensuring that the dignity and human rights of the migrants are safeguarded is recognised by the EU and its Member States. First reception activity is officially regulated by four sets of policies and procedures, which are usually conducted within a few days or weeks. These are rescue at sea, immigration, reception/detention and asylum procedures. They are policies that involve a vast range of stakeholders and, as such, the complex interactions between their activities need to be carefully managed in order for the whole first reception system to function. Research has so far focused on the analysis of policy and institutions, but not so much on what happens on the ground. This project proposes to contribute to these efforts by examining the treatment of irregular migrants in the first reception systems of Italy and Malta. These are two countries which lie on the Central Mediterranean Maritime Route, an important route for irregular entry into the EU. Whereas there have been few maritime arrivals in Malta in the last years, Italy triggered the EU hotspot approach to help in processing irregular maritime migrants. This study aims to produce both ethnographic descriptions of the everyday implementation of the reception activity on the ground, and also critical approaches to the mainstreaming of human rights at the border. It also seeks to contribute towards discussions on the controversial use of detention at entry of all arrivals which is the premise up on which first reception is enacted. This is done through long term and multi-sited ethnographic fieldwork. The outcome of this independent academic project, funded by EU Marie Curie research funds, is the publication of articles in academic journals.
Year 2016
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83 Project

Death as the border: Managing missing migrants and unidentified bodies at the EU's Mediterranean frontier

Authors Iosif Kovras, Simon Robins
Year 2016
Journal Name Political Geography
Citations (WoS) 14
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84 Journal Article

Birth Outcomes of Latin Americans in Two Countries with Contrasting Immigration Admission Policies: Canada and Spain

Authors Marcelo Louis Urquia, Francisco Bolumar, Zoua M. Vang
Year 2015
Journal Name PLoS ONE
Citations (WoS) 2
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85 Journal Article

Gaps in Border Controls Are Related to Quarantine Alien Insect Invasions in Europe

Authors Steven James Bacon, Sven Bacher, Alexandre Aebi
Year 2012
Journal Name PLoS ONE
Citations (WoS) 50
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86 Journal Article

Neither hard nor soft but racist? The Good Friday Agreement and the Irish border after Brexit

Authors Daniel Holder
Year 2017
Journal Name Race & Class
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87 Journal Article

Rhetorics and realities of management practices in Pakistan: Colonial, post-colonial and post-9/11 influences

Authors Ashique Ali Jhatial, Nelarine Cornelius, James Wallace
Year 2014
Journal Name BUSINESS HISTORY
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88 Journal Article

9/11 and International Student Visa Issuance

Authors Karin A. C. Johnson
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Studies in International Education
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89 Journal Article

Troubling Borders: Sans-papiers in France

Authors Catherine Raissiguier
Book Title New Border and Citizenship Politics
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90 Book Chapter

Death at the Border: Efficacy and Unintended Consequences of US Immigration Control Policy

Authors Wayne A. Cornelius
Year 2001
Journal Name Population and Development Review
Citations (WoS) 258
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91 Journal Article

Crossing borders: family migration strategies and routes from Burma to the US

Authors Manashi Ray
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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93 Journal Article

Short-Term Visa Requirements for Indians to Emigrate to the European Union

Authors Sebastian Irudaya RAJAN
Description
The need to make travel more accessible, convenient and smooth and to improve visa procedures is paramount in both economic and bilateral relations contexts. Towards this end, the paper aims at assessing potential visa facilitation processes and visa waiver programs between the EU and India. To gain an understanding of current visa requirements and procedures for Indians to immigrate to European countries, it deals explicitly with the visa requirements and hurdles involved in getting visa clearance for both long-term and short stays. Through an in-depth study of current migration flows between these two regions, the implications of facilitating visas for citizens of India – one of the world’s fastest growing source markets – is analysed. While findings suggest that the EU is increasingly becoming a destination for tourists, students, professionals and immigrants, millions more were deterred from traveling by cost, waiting time and the difficulty of obtaining a visa. The author calls for priority to be given to facilitating travel as a means to boost economic growth and create jobs. Opening up the travel regime could create millions of additional jobs in the EU economies, generate additional international tourism receipts and may then become the next frontier in bi-lateral relations between these countries.
Year 2012
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
94 Report

Admission policy, patterns of migration and integration: The German and French case compared

Authors Wolfgang Seifert
Year 1997
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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95 Journal Article

Heterogeneity in Migrant Health Selection: The Role of Immigrant Visas

Authors Brittany N. Morey, Gilbert C. Gee, A. B. de Castro, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
96 Journal Article

Strategic Amnesty and Credible Immigration Reform

Authors Nancy H. Chau
Year 2001
Journal Name Journal of Labor Economics
Citations (WoS) 23
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
97 Journal Article

On Membership and Free Movement

Authors Tiziana Torresi
Book Title Citizenship Acquisition and National Belonging
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
98 Book Chapter

Deterrence Index

Description
The Deterrence Index addresses the extent to which policies are a deterrence for asylum seekers. The Index seeks to quantify cumulatively the resulting mix of countries’ changing asylum rules. Five key deterrence measures have been considered from three areas: Three sets of instruments are included: (1) access control policy, which refers to the rules and procedures governing the admission of foreign nationals and its instruments include visa policy, regulations for carriers, safe third country provisions, etc. In this area, the deterrence measure refers to the introduction of so-called ‘safe third country’ provisions, which mean that persons seeking asylum in country A will be refused entry into that country, if on their way to country A, they have travelled through state B, a country which country A regards as a ‘safe country’ and in which the asylum seeker could have applied for asylum. (2) asylum determination procedures. Rules concerning determination procedures relate to entry into a country's refugee recognition system, appeal rights, and rules concerning protection that is subsidiary to the rather narrowly defined Geneva Convention criteria for full refugee status. In this area, the deterrence measure refers to rules concerning the granting of subsidiary protection status which allow asylum seekers to remain in a country of destination even though their application for full refugee status under the Geneva Convention is refused. (3) migrant integration policy. policy is concerned with rights and benefits given to asylum seekers inside a country of destination. Here measures are: freedom of movement vs. a compulsory dispersal policy; cash welfare payments vs. a system of vouchers; and third, the right to work under certain conditions vs. a general prohibition to take up employment as an asylum seeker. Policy-makers can introduce changes in the regulations in these three areas in an attempt to raise the deterrence effect of their policy, which in turn is expected to make their country less attractive to asylum seekers in relative terms. The dataset includes scores for 17 OECD countries for 1985 and 2000. To calculate the index, the researcher analysed two sets of annual yearbooks, the OECD’s ‘Trends in International Migration’ (SOPEMI) and the US Committee for Refugees’ ‘World Refugee Survey’ for the years 1985–2000. For each of the five measures, Thielemann creates a dummy variable (value 1 value whether a measure was in operation in a country). The aggregation is additive, with no weighting applied.
Year 1999
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
99 Data Set

Migrants', 'mobile citizens' and the borders of exclusion in the European Union

Authors Martin RUHS
Year 2018
Book Title Debating European citizenship
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
100 Book Chapter
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