Employers, labour and trade unions

The results displayed under this category refer to employers, employer’s associations or groups, trade or labour unions and their role or involvement with migration issues.

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Precarity chains: cycles of domestic worker migration from Southeast Asia to the Middle East

Authors Rachel Silvey, , Rhacel Parreñas
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
5 Journal Article

A sectorial approach to labour migration : agriculture and domestic work

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Description
Today more than ever, the European Union needs a comprehensive albeit differentiated approach towards legal labour migration, which responds to the varied needs of domestic labour markets and at the same time discourages effectively irregular migration. The segmented structure of domestic labour markets and the demographic deficit of Europe lead to increasing demand for a migrant labour force. This labour force is concentrated in specific sectors, such as cleaning, catering and care jobs for women; and construction, agricultural and semi-skilled manufacturing jobs for men. Such labour shortages are better catered to by a demand-led approach that takes into account the different economic cycles of Member States, their different economies and labour markets, while at the same time responds to long-term sociodemographic processes, including: a. The ageing of European societies; b. The configuration of nuclear families without extended support networks to cover needs for care of children or elderly/disabled people; c. The participation of women in paid work outside the home; d. These trends are irreversible and persist even in periods of economic downturn or weak growth. A flexible albeit proactive regulatory framework that would allow for demand and shortages to drive recruitment of migrant workers, while also being adaptable to territorial and sectorial variations, would be optimal. Of course, the thorny issue also needs to be addressed of how to match flexibility with worker protection from exploitation, setting up a clear and realistic set of rights and duties for both employer and employee. A framework sectorial approach can be tested in niche sectors such as domestic work or agriculture, complementing existing directives regulating training, research, students, intracompany transferees, highskill migrants and seasonal employment.
Year 2017
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6 Report

Trafficking in domestic work : looking at the demand-side

Authors Alexandra RICARD-GUAY
Year 2016
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11 Working Paper

Readmission, return and reintegration in Georgia

Authors Natia CHELIDZE
Description
It is now two years since the enactment of the Agreement between the European Union and Georgia concerning the readmission of persons residing without authorization. In this context, it may be interesting to discover whether the expectations regarding the threat of mass deportation of irregular Georgian migrants which arose during the negotiation period have been justified. According to one segment of the society and political groups in Georgia1 , the en masse forcible return of migrants to a country with an estimated unemployment rate of 32%2 (as assessed by experts) would generate economic challenges for these people and their families; moreover, it would also place a heavy burden on the country as a whole. Nor is the assumption, which holds that the EU-Georgia Agreement would serve to further impair the poor conditions in which irregular labor migrants residing in the EU countries live and work, groundless. This can be explained by the fact that the attitude of a foreign employer towards such persons might become stricter, and that he/she could be expected to increase pressure upon them3 . The other part of the aforementioned society and political groups is well aware that the coming into effect of the agreement concerning visa facilitation procedures between the European Union and Georgia was dependent upon the signing and introduction of the readmission agreement. Both treaties can be regarded as a transition step to a new phase of the relationship between Georgia and the EU.
Year 2013
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13 Report

Immigration, labour markets and employment relations: Problems and prospects

Authors Patrick McGovern
Year 2007
Journal Name BRITISH JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
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14 Journal Article

Illegal employment of Third-Country Nationals in the EU – Luxembourg

Authors Adolfo Sommarribas, Ralph Petry, Birte Nienaber
Description
Illegal employment by third country nationals is a reality in Luxembourg. However, as well as in the case of grey and informal economy, it is rather hard to grasp or quantify to which extent. Nevertheless, the problem is not as significant as the one of the posted workers which is more relevant and worrisome and needs to be situated in the context of a labour market of the Greater Region. In the past, several labour related regularisation measures have been implemented in Luxembourg in order to provide both employers and employees the possibility to regularise situations of illegal employment. The last labour related regularisation measure was implemented in early 2013 in the context of the transposition of the Employers' Sanctions Directive 2009/52 by law of 21 December 2012. During this regularisation, the Directorate of Immigration received 664 applications. These regularisations give a partial indication of the extent of the phenomenon, even though these numbers do not provide a real picture of the problem because the conditions of this regularisation were very strict and in a very short time frame (less than two months) and a certain number of irregular migrants’ workers were not willing to expose themselves by applying and preferred to remain undetected. This regularisation also provided information on the main sectors were the phenomenon is found in order of importance: HORECA, cleaning, crafts, industry and construction. The Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social and Solidary Economy at the end of the regularisation has insisted in the need to increase the number of controls to employers. The law of 21 December 2012 established administrative as well as criminal sanctions for employers who illegally employ irregularly staying third country nationals, particularly in relation to offenses to the Labour Code in aggravating circumstances. This law amended also article 89 of the Immigration Law abrogating the possibility of making labour related regularisations. The Inspectorate of Labour (‘Inspection de Travail et des Mines’, hereafter called ITM), which is in charge of labour inspections and the control of illegal employment of TCNs in Luxembourg, is currently going through a restructuring phase following the latest audit of this administration from January 2015. Particularly the current insufficient number of staff of the ITM, which is in need of a significant short term increase of staff, represents a main challenge in the field of illegal employment in Luxembourg. It is also in the context of this restructuring phase of the responsible administration that the drafting of this study presented a number of challenges, especially in relation to the operational and statistical part of the template. The information regarding the conditions to be fulfilled by both the employers and the employees in the context of an employment relationship are available on the website of the concerned authorities. Furthermore, they are disseminated by the NGOs working in the field, even though there are no specific campaigns targeted to prevent illegal employment of TCNs. The matter was raised in the context of the ‘social identification badge’, which was introduced in 2013 in order to fight against social dumping in particular in the construction sector. One national stakeholder suggested that the ‘social identification badge’ could be revised and adapted to other economic sectors in order to better monitor and prevent illegal employment. In regards to access to justice and enforcement of rights of illegally employed TCNs, Luxembourg foresees the right for illegally employed TCNs to make a claim against their employer, including in cases in which they have, or have been, returned. This claim falls under the general provisions concerning the right to bring a case before civil courts. The Labour Code establishes that the employer who has employed an irregular staying third-country national must pay to the third-country national the following amounts: 1) salaries and any other emoluments, which a similar employee would have benefited for the same employment; 2) the total amount of outstanding remuneration as well as the cost of the transfer of these amounts to the third-country national to the country to which s/he is returned; 3) the total amount of unpaid social contributions and taxes, including administrative fines, as well as, court and legal fees. In addition, the Labour Code establishes that the third-country national who has been illegally employed before the execution of any return decision has to be systematically and objectively informed by the control agents of his/her rights to recover the outstanding remunerations and back payments, as well as the right to benefit from free of charge legal aid in order to attempt a recovery action against the employer, even if the third-country national has already been returned. Labour unions can support and assist TCNs in legal proceedings related to social and labour law, provided that they have been given a mandate to do so. Eventual costs of administrative and civil proceedings can be taken in charge by the labour unions if the TCN is a member of the respective labour union. The Law does not establish fines against TCN’s who were illegally employed. The TCN may be issued a return decision and lose his/her residence rights; however, the Directorate of immigration processes these situations on a case-by-case basis and inform the persons concerned to terminate the illegal employment situation.
Year 2017
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15 Report

Employers, agencies and immigration : paying for care

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, Sabrina MARCHETTI
Year 2015
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17 Book

Trade Unions and New Member State Workers in Germany and the UK

Authors Rebecca ZAHN
Year 2011
Journal Name International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, 2011, 27, 2, 139-164
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19 Journal Article

Movement of IT professionals between India and the EU : issues and the way forward

Authors Divya SATIJA, Arpita MUKHERJEE
Description
India and the European Union (EU) are major exporters of information technology (IT) and Itenabled services (ITeS) and both have high domestic demand for such services.The paper found that movement of professionals has benefitted both Indian and EU companies and, in future, bilateral trade in the IT/ITeS sector and labour mobility is likely to increase. However, there are a number of barriers affecting movement of professionals in this sector. The paper suggests that while some of these can be addressed through domestic reforms in India and the EU, others can be addressed under the on-going India-EU Broadbased Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) and through inter-governmental cooperation between India and EU member states.
Year 2013
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20 Report

Dilemmas of representation and solidarity: Trade unions and extreme right-wing parties

Principal investigator Anders Neergaard (REMESO Project Leader)
Description
Research on trade unions has identified the crises and challenges trade unions face, not only in relation to employers and the state, but also regarding how to keep the trade union and workers together. One particular challenge is how to build solidarity in a context in which the number of migrant workers is increasing and working class support for anti-immigrant extreme right parties is growing. The research question framing this proposal is how an important organisation for Swedish industrial relations negotiate what seems to be a fundamental contradiction among its members. The aim is to analyse the strategies and actions taken by trade unions in relation to migrant workers, ethnic diversity and members and activists displaying support for extreme right parties. The theoretical framework is drawn from labour studies and industrial relations research along with migration and ethnic studies, supplemented with gender studies.. Methodologically, the project is an ethnographic study of five blue collar trade unions and Landsorganisationen, employing semi-structured interviews and participant observation, complemented with document analysis.
Year 2017
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21 Project

Seasonal Migration and how to Regulate it

Authors Anna Triandafyllidou
Description
In the latest issue of ELIAMEP Thesis Anna Triandafyllidou states that the European Commission has recently issued a proposal for a Directive regulating the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of seasonal employment (COM (2010) 379 final). This Directive proposal is part of the Commission’s strategy to regulate labour migration through a piecemeal approach; notably through regulating specific categories of migrant workers. This paper discusses what seasonal migration is and how it differs from circular, temporary, or shuttle migration. It argues that seasonal migration is a form of temporary migration that has a seasonal character and hence concerns employment sectors which are characterised by seasons of high and low employment, including thus not only agriculture but also tourism and catering but normally excluding construction or domestic work for instance.The essay in hand reviews critically the Directive Proposal and argues that although it may be seen as a step forward in transparency and in bringing closer Member State provisions in the area of seasonal migration, it needs a boost as regards the protection of seasonal migrants’ labour conditions and employment rights. In view of regulating seasonal labour migration at the EU level, the Directive should also consider whether seasonal labour migrants should be allowed to move also between Member States. On the other hand, the proposal is evaluated positively for a number of features such as: not tying the worker to her/his employer, allowing for the right to join trade unions, and proposing a simplified bureaucratic procedure for multiple entry visas.
Year 2010
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22 Report

Cerna’s High-Skilled Immigrants openness index

Description
Cerna’s index measures openness and restrictiveness of migration policies targeting high-skilled migrants. The index covers 2007 and 2012 and provides information on 20 countries. Countries are selected on the basis of different migration histories and experiences and levels of (economic) interest groups’ involvement in policy-making. The index is disaggregated into admissions mechanism and work permit rights (made up of six indicators: numerical caps, labour market test, labour protection, employer portability, spouse’s work rights and permanent residency rights). Scores are assigned to each of the six categories from 3 (=highly restrictive), 2 (=moderately restrictive), 1 (=minimally restrictive) to 0 (=highly open). All policies are ranked on the same criteria. The individual points for the six categories are then added and converted into an index, where the most restrictive country receives a value of 100.
Year 2012
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24 Data Set

Demand in the context of trafficking in human beings in the domestic work sector in Cyprus

Authors Danai ANGELI
Description
Domestic work has been of particular significance in the Cypriot labour market and in particular its migrant workforce. Over the past two decades, thousands of migrant women have flown into the country to work as domestic workers for private households. Most of them stay in the country for several years, on a so-called “domestic worker’s” visa, a rather restrictive kind of permit that ties them to specific employers. A standard employment contract, prepared by the Migration Department lays down their wages, duties and rights; one of these being the prohibition to join trade unions. Throughout this process, potential domestic workers are normally aided by private employment agencies that act as intermediates with the employer – often at a very high fee. The overall setting aims to balance diverse and sometimes conflicting interests within a small economy and society, bound by its international commitments. To the external observer, however, Cyprus seems to be contradicting its own efforts. Its migration scheme appears in multiple ways susceptible to misuse. Stories about exploitation and abuse are indeed not uncommon. In many respects however, Cyprus’ case brings to the fore existing gaps and loopholes when the EU common standards are transposed into the national order.
Year 2016
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25 Report

The causal effect of trade on migration: Evidence from countries of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership

Authors Nadia Campaniello
Year 2014
Journal Name Labour Economics
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29 Journal Article

Illegal Moldovan migration to the european union

Authors Valeriu MOSNEAGA
Description
This article analyzes the illegal migration from Moldova into the EU countries. The main routes to the EU countries are through Romania, Ukraine, Turkey and other countries. Each route has its own specific features, such as transport availability, visa / visa free regimes, etc. The author researches illegal Moldovan migration patterns (“green zone” passage, fake ID passage, breaking of labour and residential laws of the receiving country, etc.). Much attention is also attributed to researching the activity of national actors and their cooperation, as well as organization and realization of illegal labour migration. An attempt to determine the scale and trends of illegal Moldovan labour migration is made, based on statistical data. The author also unravels the Moldovan counter-illegal migration policy.
Year 2013
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30 Report

A companion to European Union law and international law

Authors Dennis PATTERSON, Anna SÖDERSTEN
Year 2016
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32 Book

The Case of Laval in the Context of the Post-Enlargement EC Law Development

Authors Uladzislau BELAVUSAU
Year 2008
Journal Name German Law Journal, 2008, 9, 12, 2279-2308.
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33 Journal Article

Wie Zuwanderung die Loehne beeinflusst: Untersuchung laenderspezifischer Unterschiede

Principal investigator Gerald Willmann (Principal Investigator ), Olivier Gordart (Principal Investigator ), Léa Marchal (Principal Investigator ), Max Steinhardt (Principal Investigator )
Description
Frankreich und Deutschland sind bedeutende Einwanderungsländer. In 2010 machten im Ausland geborene Personen 7.2% bzw. 6.3% der jeweiligen Bevölkerung aus (Brücker et al 2013). Trotz unterschiedlicher wirtschaftlicher Situationen (insbesondere hinsichtlich Ungleichheit und Arbeitslosigkeit), hat der jüngste Anstieg von Asylbewerbern und illegaler Immigration in beiden Ländern eine lebhafte Debatte um eine Verschärfung der Immigrationspolitik ausgelöst. Die ökonomischen Auswirkungen der Zuwanderung, insbesondere für die einheimischen Arbeitskräfte, sind dabei zentrale Themen.In vier Arbeitsabschnitten (WPs) soll dieses Projekt der Wirkung von zugewanderten Arbeitskräften auf einheimische Beschäftigung und Löhne nachgehen. Wir erweitern die die bestehende Literatur, indem wir untersuchen, ob und warum sich die Wirkung der Zuwanderer zwischen verschiedenen Ländern unterscheidet. Wir werden insbesondere die Allokation von Aufgaben und Arbeitsplätzen (WP1) und das Ausmaß der Handelsverflechtung (WP2) betrachten, um Arbeitsmarkteffekte der Immigration aufzudecken. Wir wollen zudem die Wechselwirkungen zwischen Arbeitsmarkt­effekten und Immigrationspolitik untersuchen (WP3).WP1 wird sich auf die Nachfrageseite des Arbeitsmarktes konzentrieren. Wir werden untersuchen, wie die Zuwanderung die Allokation von Aufgaben und Arbeitsplätzen innerhalb von Firmen und über Firmen hinweg beeinflusst.WP2 wird zuerst den Folgen von länderspezifisch unterschiedlichen Handelsverflechtungen für die Arbeitsmarkteffekte von Immigration nachgehen. Desweiteren soll untersucht werden, wie das Ausmaß der Unternehmenskonzentration (in Abhängigkeit von der Offenheit des Handels) die Verbindung zwischen Immigration und einheimischen Löhnen beeinflusst.WP3 wird sowohl theoretisch wie empirisch die politischen Determinanten der Immigrationspolitik analysieren, über europäische Länder hinweg und im Hinblick auf verschiedene Arten von Immigration. Es soll zudem darum gehen, wie der Grad der Substituierbarkeit zwischen Zuwanderern und Einheimischen von den Determinanten der Einwanderungspolitik abhängt.WP4 dient der Kooperation. Das Team umfasst Forscher mit ausgeprägten Komplementaritäten, die für dieses Projekt an der Schnittstelle zwischen Migrationsökonomie, Außenhandelstheorie und politischer Ökonomie der Migration gebraucht werden. Die Ergebnisse sollen in gemeinsame Publikationen innerhalb des französischen (WP1, WP2) und des deutschen (WP3) Teams, sowie beider Teams (WP2) einfließen. Wir erwarten desweiteren einen Austausch hinsichtlich der Nutzung der französischen und deutschen Arbeitgeber-Arbeitnehmer-Statistiken.Das Projekt soll die öffentliche Debatte durch ein besseres Verständnis der ökonomischen Effekte der Zuwanderung in Europa bereichern. Die Projektbeteiligten werden ihre Ergebnisse intensiv in die Öffentlichkeit tragen. Die Endergebnisse sollen in hochrangigen Fachzeitschriften und die Politikempfehlungen in Politikjournalen und Blogs veröffentlicht werden.
Year 2018
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35 Project

The European Union sanitary and phytosanitary measures and Africa’s exports

Authors Olayinka Idowu KAREEM
Year 2014
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36 Working Paper

Transnationale Arbeitsmärkte: Migration von Arbeitskräften zwischen Österreich und Deutschland

Principal investigator Andrea Weber (Principal Investigator ), Rudolf Winter-Ebmer (Principal Investigator ), David Card (Principal Investigator)
Description
Dieses Projekt verfolgt das Ziel, Umfang und Charakteristiken der Beschäftigung Älterer umfangreich zu analysieren. Im ersten Projektteil benutzen wir zwei umfangreiche administrative Datensätze, um die Charakteristiken der letzten Beschäftigungsphase vor der Verrentung, das Übergangsmuster zwischen Beschäftigung und Verrentung, sowie eine Beschäftigung nach der Verrentung zu analysieren. Hierbei werden die Charakteristiken der Beschäftigten, ihrer Arbeitsmarkthistorien, ihrer Arbeitgeber sowie das ökonomische Umfeld in die Analyse einbezogen. Zudem werden die Zusammenhänge zwischen den einzelnen Aspekten der Beschäftigung Älterer analysiert. Im zweiten Projektteil werden die Determinanten der Beschäftigung Älterer zunächst theoretisch abgeleitet und anschließend empirisch auf der Basis der gleichen Datensätze untersucht. Mit einem Focus auf ökonomisch motivierten Entscheidungen werden wieder individuelle und betriebliche Charakteristiken sowie das ökonomische Umfeld in die Analyse einbezogen. Der letzte Projektteil analysiert wieder auf der Basis von theoretischen Hypothesen mit Hilfe eines dritten verknüpften Arbeitgeber-Arbeitnehmerpaneldatensatzes, ob Personalmaßnahmen einen Einfluss auf die Charakteristiken der Beschäftigung Älterer haben. Dieses Projekt geht somit deutlich über die geringe und verstreute Evidenz zum Thema Beschäftigung Älterer in Deutschland hinaus. Es gibt zum ersten Mal eine vollständige Übersicht über die Charakteristiken und Determinanten der Beschäftigung Älterer. Es schließt nicht nur die ökonomischen Überlegungen der Betroffenen, sondern auch deren Arbeitgeber und des ökonomischen Umfelds mit ein. Politik- und Managementimplikationen dieses Projekts können die Identifizierung von Potenzialen einer Erhöhung der Beschäftigung Älterer sein sowie deren Gründe und Hindernisse. Eine umfangreiche Analyse von Personalmaßnahmen gibt uns zusätzliche Einsichten über die Möglichkeiten von Arbeitgebern, die Beschäftigung Älterer zu erhöhen.
Year 2014
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38 Project

Index of controlled/competitive skilled immigrant workers programmes (Lowell)

Description
The Index addresses the admission programmes/policies for temporary and permanent high-skilled workers in 2001. The author presents two sub-indexes and one index: index of policies for temporary high-skilled workers and index for permanent high-skilled workers, and combined index of skilled immigrant competitiveness. Twelve countries are chosen, including the traditional countries of immigration (Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States), the major European receiving countries (France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Spain, and United Kingdom), South Africa and Japan. A list of comparative criteria is created for admission policies: Hard numerical caps; Strict labour market test; Extensive labour protections; Enforcement mechanisms; Limited employer portability; Restriction on dependents / working spouse; Limited permanency rights. A four point scale is used with a “4” being highly controlled and a “1” being highly competitive; and there are intermediate rankings of minimally (2 points) and moderately (3 points) controlled. The rankings are based on the addition of all points for each of the elements just described above, but converted into an index with the most “controlled” country given a value of 100.
Year 2011
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39 Data Set

L'impact de l'Immigration sur les salaires des travailleurs natifs : examen de l'hétérogénéité internationale

Principal investigator Jérôme Héricourt (co-Principal Investigator)
Description
La France et l'Allemagne sont deux grands pays d'immigration. En 2010, les personnes nées à l'étranger représentaient 7,2% et 6,3% de leurs populations respectives (Brücker et al., 2013). En dépit de situations économiques différentes en France et en Allemagne, l'accroissement récent des demandes d'asile et de l'immigration illégale soulève un débat similaire sur les conséquences économiques de l’immigration, et les conclusions à en tirer en termes de régulation des flux migratoires. Au travers de trois work-packages scientifiques (WPs), ce projet cherche à étudier l'impact des travailleurs immigrés sur l’emploi et les salaires des nationaux. Nous souhaitons enrichir la littérature en cherchant à comprendre pourquoi l'impact de l'immigration varie selon le pays de destination. Nous examinerons l'allocation des tâches et les stratégies de production (WP1) et l'intégration commerciale (WP2) afin de détecter les effets conditionnels de l'immigration sur le marché du travail. Nous étudierons également les interactions entre l’intégration des immigrés au marché du travail et les politiques d'immigration (WP3). Le WP1 se focalisera sur le côté de la demande du marché du travail. Nous chercherons à comprendre en quoi les travailleurs immigrés affectent l'allocation des tâches au sein des firmes et entre firmes. Nous étudierons aussi le lien entre l'emploi de travailleurs étrangers et les stratégies de production des firmes (telle que l’outsourcing). Le WP2 analysera dans quelle mesure l'impact des travailleurs étrangers sur les salaires des travailleurs nationaux est conditionné par l'intégration commerciale et les caractéristiques d'une économie tel que son niveau de granularité (i.e. la prévalence de grandes firmes dans les dynamiques macroéconomiques). Le WP3 étudiera, de manière théorique et empirique, les déterminants des politiques d'immigration à destination de certaines catégories d'immigrés dans les pays de l'UE. Par ailleurs, nous analyserons la façon dont le degré de substitution entre travailleurs nationaux et étrangers affecte les politiques d'immigration. Le WP4 organisera la coopération scientifique. Les équipes partenaires comptent des chercheurs aux compétences complémentaires, un prérequis pour répondre aux enjeux d'un projet se situant à l’intersection de l'économie des migrations, du commerce international et de l'économie politique de l'immigration. Les deux équipes se pencheront sur le côté de la demande du marché du travail (WP1) et sur l'intégration commerciale (WP2), alors que l'équipe allemande se focalisera sur les politiques d'immigration (WP3). Il est attendu un transfert de connaissances concernant l'utilisation des données allemandes et françaises. Les travaux seront publiés dans des revues scientifiques de haut niveau, et les recommandations de politiques publiques seront disséminées au travers de policy papers. Le projet contribuera au débat public portant sur les conséquences économiques de l'immigration en Europe.
Year 2018
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41 Project

On the forest front : labour relations and seasonal migration in 1960s-80s

Authors Kateryna BURKUSH
Year 2018
Journal Name Labor history
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43 Journal Article

Competition and solidarity : Union members and immigration in Europe

Authors Michael J. DONNELLY
Year 2014
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44 Working Paper

Exploring new avenues for legislation for labour migration to the European Union

Authors Iván MARTIN, Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Philippe DE BRUYCKER, ...
Description
The paradox between the need for international labour migration to counter the impending demographic crisis in Europe and the lack of commensurate policy instruments to attract and integrate labour migration from third countries into the EU is one of the key strategic issues for Europe. Upon request by the LIBE committee, this research paper reviews the social and economic context of EU international labour migration policy, the status of relevant EU legislation and the available policy options from a comprehensive labour market perspective, as well as their feasibility. These options for opening up legal labour migration channels to the EU should be considered in the framework of the ongoing discussion over the European Agenda on Migration.
Year 2015
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45 Report

The Consequences of Eastern Enlargement of the European Union in Stages

Authors Susan SENIOR NELLO, Karen E. SMITH
Year 1997
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46 Working Paper

Indicators of labour markets and welfare states in the European Union

Authors Joakim PALME, Martin RUHS
Year 2019
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48 Working Paper

Migrants', 'mobile citizens' and the borders of exclusion in the European Union

Authors Martin RUHS
Year 2018
Book Title Debating European citizenship
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50 Book Chapter

Legal migration for work and training: Mobility options to Europe for those not in need of protection

Authors Hanne Beirens, Camille Le Coz, Kate Hooper, ...
Description
Legal migration channels are considered to be a critical part of comprehensive migration policy and are often called for as alternatives to irregular migration for individuals not in need of international protection. In light of significant mixed migration flows to Europe, the SVR Research Unit in cooperation with the Migration Policy Institute Europe examined options for third-country nationals who seek to move legally for education, training and/or work. Through a combination of five country case studies (France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Sweden) and an analysis of the European Union’s external migration policy, the study explores existing legal migration options and challenges in policy design and implementation. It also reflects on potential future approaches to legal migration policies and programmes.
Year 2019
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51 Report

EU-India migration and trade linkages

Authors Chinmay TUMBE
Description
This paper reviews the relationship between migration and trade between India and the European Union (EU). It provides an overview of EU-India trade across various dimensions and links it with migration in three specific contexts: (a) The $ 14 billion EU-India diamond trade that represents nearly 15% of total EU-India merchandise trade, and that is attributed to the direct and active role played by Indian immigrants and the diaspora (b) The trade in food products such as lentils, beans, rice and spices that reflects the pull of goods towards the EU to meet the preferences of the Indian immigrants and (c) The trade in services in the computer & information, education and entertainment sectors and the mobility of professionals, students and tourists respectively.
Year 2013
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53 Report

Examining mode 4 commitments in India and the EU’s agreements : implication for the India-EU BTIA

Authors Arpita MUKHERJEE, Tanu M. GOYAL
Description
India and the European Union (EU) are currently negotiating a Broadbased Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) and Mode 4 liberalisation is a key component of the negotiations. India and the EU have different negotiating positions under Mode 4 in the World Trade Organization (WTO) and in their bilateral agreements. The objective of this paper is to examine India and the EU’s offer in the WTO and their existing commitments in bilateral agreements and draw implications for the India-EU BTIA.
Year 2013
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58 Report

Cudzoziemiec jako pracownik i pracodawca. Integracja na poznańskim rynku pracy

Year 2010
Book Title From guests to neighbors. Integration of foreigners from outside the European Union in Poznań in education, on the labor market and in healthcare
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60 Book Chapter

Poland’s Perspective on the Intra-European Movement of Poles. Implications and Governance Responses

Authors Marta Kindler
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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61 Book Chapter

Free Movement of Workers and the Self-employment issue. The Case of The “Polish Plumber” in France

Authors Małgorzata Patok
Year 2018
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne – Przegląd Polonijny
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62 Journal Article

Moldovan Labour Migrants in the European Union: Problems of integration

Authors Valeriu MOSNEAGA
Description
The purpose of the present paper is to consider the problems related to the integration of Moldovan immigrants in the countries of the European Union. To complete this paper the method of secondary data analysis was used. The secondary data are produced by the analysis of statistical data and the results of sociology research held in the Republic of Moldova by state agencies and sociological services, as well as international agencies (World Bank, International Organization for Migration). At the same time some empirical and analytical material, research hypotheses and conclusions developed in scholarly research on the issues of international labour migration of Moldovan population were also used in the present paper. Moreover, the work on the paper also involved the analysis of primary data, based on our own sociological research, both previously published and conducted specifically for the present study.
Year 2012
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63 Report

Geo-cultural Origin and Economic Incorporation of High-skilled Immigrants in Israel

Authors Moran Bodankin, Moshe Semyonov
Year 2016
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 1
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64 Journal Article

The Transition from Education to Employment Abroad: The Experiences of Young People from Poland

Authors Izabela Grabowska
Year 2016
Journal Name Europe-Asia Studies
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65 Journal Article

Essays in labour economics

Year 2019
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66 Doctoral Dissertation

Migration of Low Skilled Workers from India to the European Union

Authors S.K. SASIKUMAR, Rakkee THIMOTHY
Description
This study explores factors that initiate and perpetuate low skill labour migration from India to the EU, examines the migration processes and evaluates the policy prescriptions available to manage such migration flows. Based on a survey of the available quantitative and qualitative evidence, our study points to the existence of a fairly stable and persistent demand for low skilled labour in the EU, at least in the medium term. As this demand cannot be fully met from within the EU, there is and will remain a strong demand for low skilled migrant workers from non-EU countries. This offers immense scope for traditional labour sending countries like India as well as destination countries in the EU to strengthen the migration–development nexus. Unfortunately, on both sides, there seems to be an absence of a coherent and focused policy for governing migration of low skilled workers. Considering that migration of low skilled workers from India is mainly directed to the Persian Gulf, the study also makes a comparison between the existing immigration policies in EU countries and the Persian Gulf in order to draw relevant policy perspectives. Evolving appropriate policy response in relation to low skilled migration to Europe is also necessary given that a significant share of such workers end up as irregular migrants in transit or at the destination.
Year 2012
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67 Report

Lessons from the South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis

Authors Mikolaj Stanek, Jean-Michel Lafleur
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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68 Book Chapter

Bezrobocie w wybranych krajach Unii Europejskiej w świetle migracji zagranicznych

Year 2008
Journal Name Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
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69 Journal Article

Who Receives More Help? The Role of Employer Support in Migration Processes

Authors Laure Sandoz, Fabian Santi
Year 2019
Book Title Migrants and Expats: The Swiss Migration and Mobility Nexus
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70 Book Chapter

Ein Lette in Irland - Arbeitsmigration aus den baltischen Staaten

Authors Birte Nienaber, Leibniz-Institut für Länderkunde
Year 2008
Book Title Bridges – Barriers - Images. Development process in European regions
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71 Book Chapter

Complex and dynamic integration processes in Europe : intra EU mobility and international migration in times of recession

Authors Hans-Jörg TRENZ, Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 15
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73 Journal Article

Ethical international recruitment

Year 2004
Journal Name International Psychiatry
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79 Journal Article

Labour Standards in the new EU member states: Convergence or Divergence?

Principal investigator Charles Woolfson (REMESO Project Leader), Dace Calite (Participants not from REMESO), Epp Kallaste (Participants not from REMESO), Ivars Vanadzins (Participants not from REMESO)
Description
This project continues a key theme of Charles Woolfson:s European Commission Marie Curie Chair Excellence Award (2004-2007) in the Baltic states i.e., labour standards, decent work in the form of regularised employment relations, access to training, and the character of the working environment in terms of occupational health and safety in the post-communist states. It explores the difficulties in securing regulated labour standards, as against ongoing counter-tendencies towards the informalisation of employment relations. It also asks how these labour standards are changing in the context of European Union enlargement and what empirical evidence there is of the integrative impacts of European directives and regulations on working life and work environment in the new member states ie., convergence or divergence.
Year 2007
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83 Project

International talent recruitment to Norway. Opportunities, challenges, and lived experiences of skilled migrants

Authors Micheline van Riemsdijk, Matthew Cook
Description
Companies vie to attract the best and brightest workers, and they recruit skilled migrants to meet their talent needs. This report investigates the recruitment of skilled workers in the information technology sector and the oil and gas industry in Norway, and the lived experiences of skilled migrants in these industries. The report presents findings from a survey of foreign-born information technology specialists and engineers in Norway, and interviews with human resource managers, migrants, policymakers, representatives for unions and employer organizations, and other stakeholders who are involved in international skilled migration.
Year 2013
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87 Report

Institutional contexts of political conflicts around free movement in the European Union : a theoretical analysis

Authors Martin RUHS, Joakim PALME
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of European Public Policy
Citations (WoS) 1
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88 Journal Article

The impact of economic sanctions on income inequality of target states

Authors Sylvanus Kwaku AFESORGBOR, Renuka MAHADEVAN
Year 2016
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89 Working Paper

Migration of Ukrainians to the European Union: Background and Key Issues

Authors Marta Kindler, Olena Fedyuk
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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90 Book Chapter

Security relations between China and the European Union : from convergence to cooperation?

Authors Emil J. KIRCHNER, Thomas CHRISTIANSEN, Han DORUSSEN
Year 2016
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92 Book

Migrant support measures from and employment and skills perspective (MISMES) : Republic of Moldova

Authors Valeriu MOSNEAGA
Description
Moldova is located between the European Union (EU) and the Post-Soviet Community of Independent States (CIS) migration systems. In the CIS (attracting 63% of all Moldovan migrants), the most popular migration destination is Russia (60.8%). In the EU that gathers approximately 30% of all Moldovan migrants, the “dream migration country” is Italy (19.6%). In the last decades, the importance of the European migration system has grown. If previously, the dominant migration tendency of the Moldovan population was the CIS – mainly Russia – then these days “traditional” labour migration to the East is giving way to Western and South-Western labour migration vectors.
Year 2015
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94 Report

Utilising Expert Opinion to Improve the Measurement of International Migration in Europe

Authors Arkadiusz Wisniowski, Peter W. F. Smith, James Raymer, ...
Year 2013
Journal Name JOURNAL OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS
Citations (WoS) 8
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95 Journal Article

Circular Migration between Albania and Greece: A case study

Authors Thanos MAROUKIS, Eda GEMI
Description
Although diverse back-and-forth migration patterns of Albanians have been taking place throughout the 1990s and 2000s, the phenomenon of circular migration is the most under-researched of all. This case study intends to bring up the diversity of the circular patterns of mobility of the Albanian migrants, try to understand the prospects of this circularity for the parties involved (the migrant, the employer, the host economy and the economy of origin), and critically assess policies at both sides of the border that promote or put obstacles to different types of circularity.
Year 2011
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97 Report

Internal vs external migration in post-Soviet space

Authors Zuzanna BRUNARSKA, Joanna NESTOROWICZ, Stefan MARKOWSKI
Year 2014
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
99 Working Paper

Ethnicity, Labour and Mobility in the Contemporary Borderland. A Case Study of a Transcarpathian Township

Year 2014
Journal Name Central and Eastern European Migration Review
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100 Journal Article
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