Human traffickers

Human traffickers recruit, transport, transfer, harbour or receive persons by means of threat or force. Human trafficking often includes the use of different forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception and the abuse of power for the purpose of exploitation. It is understood as a violation of human rights as it takes place without the consent of the concerned individual. Trafficking can include sexual exploitation, forced labour and slavery, or the removal of organs of men, women and children. Victims can be trafficked within a country or across borders. Although trafficking is to be distinguished from human smuggling, some overlap may occur. For example, human smuggling can turn into trafficking in cases of debt bondage or sexual exploitation after the arrival at an agreed destination.

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Minors Travelling Alone: A Risk Group for Human Trafficking?

Authors Ilse Derluyn, Eric Broekaert, Valesca Lippens, ...
Year 2010
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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1 Journal Article

Some aspects of ukrainian legislative reform relating to combating against human trafficking

Authors Lyudmila DAVYDOVYCH, Valentina SUBOTENKO
Description
The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.
Year 2013
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2 Report

Human trafficking trends in Ukraine

Authors Oleksii POZNIAK
Description
Ukraine’s involvement in global migration processes after the fall of the Iron Curtain and dissolution of the Soviet Union has been a simple fact. But one of the negative consequences of the outward labor migration of Ukrainian nationals has been that human trafficking emerged and became increasingly frequent. In the 1990s and the early 2000s, Ukraine was a country of origin and to some extent a country of transit for persons who found themselves in the situation of slavery. Over recent years Ukraine has increasingly become a country of destination for human-trafficking victims, while cases of domestic trafficking within Ukraine are also widespread.
Year 2013
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4 Report

Human trafficking in Moldova

Authors Vladimir GANTA
Description
Since Moldova declared its independence in 1992 and people gained the right to travel freely abroad, illegal migration and human trafficking became an important problem for the Government and its international partners. After the war against Russia, in Transnistria (1992) the Government lost control over the most industrialized part of the country and almost all the eastern border. Constant fights between prowestern and pro-russian parties, corruption created an environment where officials could use their positions to make fortunes by protecting organized crime. Poverty and lack of employment opportunities in Moldova made people desperately search for solutions in other countries. In this environment, many desperate people became victims of criminals (often protected by officials) who made fortunes by selling other humans for sex, begging, labour.
Year 2013
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6 Report

Minors Travelling Alone: A Risk Group for Human Trafficking?

Authors Ilse Derluyn, Valesca Lippens, Tony Verachtert, ...
Year 2009
Journal Name International Migration
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7 Journal Article

A systematic review of the sex trafficking-related literature: Lessons for tourism and hospitality research

Authors Jun Wen, Joshua Aston, Edmund Goh, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HOSPITALITY AND TOURISM MANAGEMENT
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8 Journal Article

Preventing human trafficking : the Republic of Moldova

Authors Valeriu MOSNEAGA
Description
The integration of the Republic of Moldova into international migration processes was accompanied by the development of human trafficking. Moldova, moreover, witnessed multiple forms of trafficking: for the purposes of labour exploitation, for sexual exploitation, trafficking of women and children for exploitation (for begging), and trafficking of human organs for sale.
Year 2013
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9 Report

Modeling for Determinants of Human Trafficking: An Empirical Analysis

Authors Seo-Young Cho
Year 2015
Journal Name Social Inclusion
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10 Journal Article

Human trafficking, information campaigns, and strategies of migration control

Authors Celine Nieuwenhuys, Antoine Pecoud
Year 2007
Journal Name American Behavioral Scientist, 2014, Vol. 58, No. 12, pp. 1614-1633
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13 Journal Article

Practices of translation and the making of migrant subjectivities in contemporary Italy

Authors CRISTIANA GIORDANO
Year 2008
Journal Name American Ethnologist
Citations (WoS) 45
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14 Journal Article

Human Trafficking: A Labor Perspective

Description
This project conducts a theoretical, methodological, and normative paradigm shift in the research and analysis of human trafficking, one of the most pressing moral and political challenges of our times. It moves away from the currently predominant approach to trafficking, which focuses on criminal law, border control, and human rights, towards a labor-based approach that targets the structure of labor markets that are prone to severely exploitative labor practices. This shift represents an essential development both in the research of migratory labor practices and in the process of designing more effective, and more just, anti-trafficking measures, that are context-sensitive as well as cognizant to global legal and economic trends. The project will include four main parts: 1) Theoretical: articulating and justifying the proposed shift on trafficking from individual rights and culpabilities to structural labor market realities. 2) Case-studies: conducting a multidisciplinary study of a series of innovative case studies, in which the labor context emerges as a significant factor in the trafficking nexus – bilateral agreements on migration, national regulations of labor standards and recruiters, unionization, and voluntary corporate codes of conduct. The case studies analysis employs the labor paradigm in elucidating the structural conditions that underlie trafficking, reveal a thus-far mostly unrecognized and under-theorized set of anti-trafficking tools. 3) Clinical Laboratory: collaborating with TAUs Workers' Rights clinic to create a legal laboratory in which the potential and limits of the tools examined in the case studies will be tested. 4) Normative: assessing the success of existing strategies and expanding on them to devise innovative tools for a just, practicable, and effective anti-trafficking policy, that can reach significantly more individuals vulnerable to trafficking, by providing them with legal mechanisms for avoiding and resisting exploitation.
Year 2018
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15 Project

The Determinants of Human Trafficking: A US Case Study

Authors Alicja Jac-Kucharski
Year 2012
Journal Name International Migration
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17 Journal Article

Perspectives on Human Trafficking and Modern Forms of Slavery

Authors Siddharth Kara
Year 2017
Journal Name Social Inclusion
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20 Journal Article

Labor Migration and Trafficking among Vietnamese Migrants in Asia

Authors Daniele Belanger
Year 2014
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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21 Journal Article

Human trafficking in the Andean region: Socio-spatial dynamics in the Peruvian borders

Authors Manuel Dammert-Guardia, Lucia Dammert, Katherine Sarmiento
Year 2020
Journal Name ICONOS
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27 Journal Article

Biopolitical Management, Economic Calculation and “Trafficked Women”

Authors Jacqueline Berman
Year 2010
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 17
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28 Journal Article

Human Trafficking, Information Campaigns, and Strategies of Migration Control

Year 2007
Journal Name American Behavioural Scientists
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29 Journal Article

Human Trafficking Heroes and Villains: Representing the Problem in Anti-Trafficking Awareness Campaigns

Authors Erin O'Brien
Year 2016
Journal Name SOCIAL & LEGAL STUDIES
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30 Journal Article

Immigration and European Integration

Authors Maarten Vink
Book Title Limits of European Citizenship
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31 Book Chapter

The problem of human trafficking in Azerbaijan

Authors Arif YUNUSOV
Description
The problem of human trafficking plays a significant role in migration flows from Azerbaijan. It was first addressed at the beginning of the early 1990s. The mass unemployment that followed the collapse of the USSR and the Karabakh conflict with Armenia led to the emergence of informal “slave markets” in the centre of the capital city, Baku, in the mid-1990s (in Azeri “gyl bazari”). These were gathering places for unemployed men, mostly refugees and internally displaced persons, who were prepared to take up any jobs, including jobs that involved forms of enslavement. At that time, a number of publications appeared in the national media documenting the trafficking of men, as well as women and children, from Azerbaijan, for the purposes of forced labour and enslavement (Yunusov, 194). However, such occurrences were perceived as an inevitable consequence of the unresolved Karabakh conflict and of “temporary” economic and social turmoil. Most importantly, these were of episodic character and so, did not attract much attention.
Year 2013
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32 Report

Perspectives on Human Trafficking and Modern Forms of Slavery

Authors Siddharth Kara
Year 2015
Journal Name Social Inclusion
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33 Journal Article

Human Trafficking in Eastern Europe: The Case of Bulgaria

Authors Georgi Petrunov
Year 2014
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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34 Journal Article

Children working beyond their localities - Lao children working in Thailand

Authors Roy Huijsmans
Year 2008
Journal Name CHILDHOOD-A GLOBAL JOURNAL OF CHILD RESEARCH
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40 Journal Article

Voices of Nigerian Women Survivors of Trafficking Held in Italian Centres for Identification and Expulsion

Authors Francesca Esposito, Carla R. Quinto, Oria Gargano, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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41 Journal Article

Migration for begging from Romania to Norway. A human trafficking perspective

Authors Jon Horgen Friberg, Guri Tyldum
Year 2019
Journal Name TIDSSKRIFT FOR SAMFUNNSFORSKNING
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49 Journal Article

MEXICO-UNITED STATES MIGRATION: SECURITY IMPLICATIONS

Authors Roberto Zepeda Martinez, Jonathan D. Rosen
Year 2016
Journal Name REVISTA DE CIENCIAS SOCIALES-COSTA RICA
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50 Journal Article

migration, prostitution, and human trafficking: the voice of Chinese women

Authors Yu Ding
Year 2015
Journal Name Crime, Law & Social Change
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52 Journal Article

Is there such thing as 'global sex trafficking'? A patchwork tale on useful (mis)understandings

Authors Yvon van der Pijl, Brenda Carina Oude Breuil, Dina Siegel
Year 2011
Journal Name Crime, Law & Social Change
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54 Journal Article

Labour Migration and Human Trafficking in Southeast Asia: Critical Perspectives

Authors Caroline Grillot
Year 2013
Journal Name ASIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE
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56 Journal Article

"There is no better place than one's family"

Authors Nadege Ragaru
Year 2013
Journal Name ACTES DE LA RECHERCHE EN SCIENCES SOCIALES
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57 Journal Article

Cross-Border Migration and Human Trafficking in Ethiopia: Contributing Factors, Policy Responses and the Way Forward

Authors Messay M. Tefera
Year 2019
Journal Name Fudan journal of the humanities and social sciences, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 323-339
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58 Journal Article

The Politics of Unfree Labour in Russia: Human Trafficking and Labour Migration.

Authors Agnieszka Kubal
Year 2020
Journal Name SLAVIC REVIEW
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60 Journal Article

Regulating forced labour and combating human trafficking: the relevance of historical definitions in a contemporary perspective

Authors Natalia Ollus
Year 2015
Journal Name Crime, Law & Social Change
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62 Journal Article

Migrant domestic workers and human trafficking in Greece : expanding the narrative

Authors Danai ANGELI
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies
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65 Journal Article

Negotiating (In)dependency: Social Journeys of Vietnamese Women to Cambodia

Authors Phi Van Evelyne Nguyen, Christophe Gironde
Year 2010
Journal Name ASIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE
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66 Journal Article

Migration from Central and Eastern Europe to Turkey

Authors Tuğba Acar, Deniz Karcı Korfalı
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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67 Book Chapter

Turkey's Response to Sex Trafficking of Migrant Women: Is It Efficient Enough?

Authors Tatiana Zhidkova, Oguzhan Omer Demir
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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68 Journal Article

Malaysia and the Rohingya: Media, Migration, and Politics

Authors Emily Ehmer, Ammina Kothari
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT & REFUGEE STUDIES
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70 Journal Article

Keeping Up Appearances: The British Public Policy Response to the Trafficking of Domestic Workers in a Changing Regime of Social Protection

Authors Thanos Maroukis
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies
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71 Journal Article

Dimensions and dynamics of irregular migration

Authors Khalid Koser
Year 2009
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 53
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74 Journal Article

The Politics of Irregular Migration, Human Trafficking and People Smuggling in the United Kingdom

Authors Andrew Geddes
Year 2018
Book Title Immigration and Criminal Law in the European Union
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77 Book Chapter

Narratives of Human Trafficking: Ways of Seeing and Not Seeing the Real Survivors and Stories

Authors Maria De Angelis
Year 2017
Journal Name NARRATIVE WORKS-ISSUES INVESTIGATIONS & INTERVENTIONS
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81 Journal Article

Tourism development and behavioural changes: evidences from Ratanakiri province, Kingdom of Cambodia

Authors Frederic Thomas, Aarti Kapoor, Phil Marshall
Year 2013
Journal Name JOURNAL OF TOURISM AND CULTURAL CHANGE
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83 Journal Article

New Chinese Migration to Germany: Historical Consistencies and New Patterns of Diversification within a Globalized Migration Regime

Authors Karsten Giese
Year 2003
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 8
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84 Journal Article

Identifying trafficked migrants and refugees along the Balkan route. Exploring the boundaries of exploitation, vulnerability and risk

Authors Anette Brunovskis, Rebecca Surtees
Year 2019
Journal Name Crime, Law & Social Change
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87 Journal Article

Sex trafficking and sex tourism in a globalised world

Authors Ann Brooks, Vanessa Heaslip
Year 2019
Journal Name TOURISM REVIEW
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90 Journal Article

The (re)making of sexualities on the web

Authors Mojca Pajnik, Matthieu Renault
Year 2014
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE INFORMATION SUR LES SCIENCES SOCIALES
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91 Journal Article

Migration Control à la Khartoum: EU External Engagement and Human Rights Protection in the Horn of Africa

Authors Lutz Oette, Mohamed Abdelsalam Babiker
Year 2017
Journal Name Refugee Survey Quarterly
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92 Journal Article

The Experiences of Migrants Trafficked from Bangladesh

Authors Mohamad Abdul Munim Joarder, PW Miller
Year 2014
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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93 Journal Article

THE INVISIBLE SIDE OF BOLIVIAN TRANSNATIONAL MIGRATION TO ARGENTINA

Authors Alejandro Goldberg
Year 2016
Journal Name ANDAMIOS
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94 Journal Article

THE ANTI-POLITICS OF ANTI-TRAFFICKING: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANTI-TRAFFICKING POLICY AND PRACTICE IN BENIN AND ITALY

Description
During this Fellowship, I will expand my PhD research on the politics and practice of anti- human trafficking policy in Benin, by conducting a comparative study of Benin and Italy. I aim to examine whether the trends I found in Benin apply to the anti-trafficking field more generally, and my hypothesis is that they do. Specifically, I wish to investigate the way anti-trafficking policy and related discourse de-politicise human migration, fail to reflect or respond to empirics, and work to reinforce institutional status quos more than to protect or aid ‘victims’ and ‘the vulnerable’. The comparative nature of the study and my proposed methodology –combining political-economic analysis, interviews and participant observation with migrant sending and receiving communities, and interviews and discourse analysis with policy actors at all levels of the policy chain– make it unique in its field. Carrying it to fruition and developing the methodological, organisational and advocacy skills necessary to do so will cement my transition from promising PhD to pioneering researcher and field leader in my own right. Moreover, by enabling me to conduct comparative work, the Fellowship removes me from the silos of ‘African studies’ and ‘Trafficking’ and establishes me as a scholar of migration studies more broadly. The intended outputs of the project are various, including 3 referred journal articles, an intersectoral academic/policy-maker conference, the creation of advocacy links between institutions involved in the field, and widespread public dissemination of findings. I believe this will ultimately contribute towards establishing the EU as a world leader in anti-trafficking policy and strategy, addressing and offering remedies for the significant problems that exist internally (in the example of Italy) and externally (through donor relations in Benin). Critically, I believe that this will in turn benefit the individuals who so often suffer as a result of misguided EU policy.
Year 2013
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97 Project

Can we put an end to human smuggling?

Authors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Year 2015
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98 Policy Brief

"He invited me and didn't ask anything in return" Migration and Mobility as Vulnerabilities for Sexual Exploitation among Female Adolescents in Mexico

Authors Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Shira Goldenberg, Kimberly C. Brouwer, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name International Migration
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99 Journal Article
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