Globalisation and (post)colonialism

Globalisation and post(colonialism) refers to connections between countries due to a shared colonial history or economic factors associated with globalisation, such as trade and investment, that make migration between countries more likely.

Studies listed under this migration driver refer to colonial ties, globalisation, trade, capitalism, foreign direct investment, and exchange rates.

Showing page of 163 results, sorted by

Globalization, Development and International Migration: A Cross-National Analysis of Less-Developed Countries, 1970-2000

Authors M. R. Sanderson, J. D. Kentor
Year 2009
Journal Name Social Forces
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1 Journal Article

[Migration Policy Centre]

Authors Marco SANFILIPPO, Agnieszka WEINAR
Year 2016
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2 Book

NOPOOR

Description
NOPOOR aims to build new knowledge on the nature and extent of poverty in developing countries to provide policymakers with a broader understanding of poverty. We believe that poverty cannot be tackled without a comprehensive approach. We know that poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon, but NOPOOR will explore new and uncharted dimensions. It is not just a picture of poverty, but also an understanding of poverty entry and exit processes that is needed for achieving MDGs and for making more effective the policies. Nineteen experienced partners are involved in the project, which includes ten teams from developing and emerging countries in three regions (Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia). These countries have implemented different poverty reduction policies, and this will form the basis for the comparative and case studies approach taken. The project will identify key mechanisms that explain the persistence and exacerbation of poverty, which have been altered by the insertion of developing countries into the globalization process, including trade, aid, FDI and migration, and by the growing interdependence of economies. Causes may differ between countries. This calls for policies and actions to be tailored to each poor country’s characteristics, including their access to resources, political regime, quality of institutions and governance. These points are developed by various approaches, including political economics, and different methods: surveys, econometric studies and case studies. NOPOOR will put significant resources into generating new knowledge from original surveys, database work and qualitative work. .It will also look forward to future scenarios. Conclusions will be oriented to policy recommendations. Beyond this contribution to scientific knowledge, NOPOOR will pursue an active policy of dissemination and capacity building, including training of young Southern researchers and the implementation of a permanent network with National Institutes of Statistics (NIS). The project is policy-oriented. NOPOOR will accompany the EU's agenda for its policy against poverty by consultations, guidance notes, and policy briefs on issues relating to the program. The review of MDG will constitute an important point of focus in the future years.
Year 2012
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4 Project

The causal effect of trade on migration: Evidence from countries of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership

Authors Nadia Campaniello
Year 2014
Journal Name Labour Economics
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5 Journal Article

The Consequences of Eastern Enlargement of the European Union in Stages

Authors Susan SENIOR NELLO, Karen E. SMITH
Year 1997
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6 Working Paper

Turning the tide? Why development will not stop migration

Authors Hein de Haas
Year 2007
Journal Name DEVELOPMENT AND CHANGE
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8 Journal Article

Context-Based Qualitative Research and Multi-sited Migration Studies in Europe

Authors Russell King
Book Title Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies
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9 Book Chapter

Intra- vs. extra-regional migration in the post-Soviet space

Authors Zuzanna BRUNARSKA, Joanna NESTOROWICZ, Stefan MARKOWSKI
Year 2014
Journal Name [Migration Policy Centre]
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10 Journal Article

Internal vs external migration in post-Soviet space

Authors Zuzanna BRUNARSKA, Joanna NESTOROWICZ, Stefan MARKOWSKI
Year 2014
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12 Working Paper

Ukrainian Migration to Poland: A “Local” Mobility?

Authors Marta Kindler, Zuzanna Brunarska, Monika Szulecka, ...
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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13 Book Chapter

Topics in international economics

Year 2015
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14 Doctoral Dissertation

Introduction: Preparing the Way for Qualitative Research in Migration Studies

Authors Evren Yalaz, Ricard Zapata-Barrero
Book Title Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies
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16 Book Chapter

International migration, remittances and development: Myths and facts

Authors Hein De Haas
Year 2005
Journal Name THIRD WORLD QUARTERLY
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17 Journal Article

Mobilité globale et gouvernance des migrations

Principal investigator Hélène Thiollet (Co-Coordinator), Catherine Wihtol de Wenden (Co-Coordinator)
Description
La mobilité globale fait aujourd’hui partie de la texture sociale de la mondialisation et des relations internationales. Elle est à la fois une cause et une conséquence de la mondialisation et les réponses des institutions politiques nationales et internationales sont un enjeu clef de l’analyse de la gouvernance et des transformations sociales à l’échelle globale. Elle est un des points de tension de la modernité politique à l’échelle nationale et internationale. En s’intéressant tout à la fois aux organisations internationales, aux politiques migratoires nationales et régionales des Etats, aux modes d’organisation des espaces de vie des migrants et des réfugiés et aux dynamiques sociales transnationales de structuration de la mobilité, on observe le phénomène migratoire sous plusieurs angles et à différentes échelles. Les chercheurs impliqués dans ce projet ont choisi de privilégier une démarche empirique associée à un effort de systématisation qui emprunte à la science politique, à la sociologie, à l’anthropologie et à l’économie politique. Ils ont aussi choisi de lier leurs objets de recherche fondamentale à des enjeux politiques et sociaux immédiatement contemporains et à s’ancrer dans une réflexion scientifique sur l’action publique nationale et internationale, ses normes et ses principes vis-à-vis de la mobilité. Ce projet a pour vocation de donner une description précise de la mobilité et de ses dynamiques politiques et sociales, notamment en s’intéressant à l’observation empirique des pratiques des acteurs de la gouvernance de la mobilité (Etats, organisations internationales, migrants, réfugiés, réseaux). Il a pour objet d’élucider les représentations à l’œuvre dans ces pratiques, les dispositifs normatifs, idéologiques et identitaires qui les structurent. Le premier axe de ce travail concerne les pratiques et les représentations de la gestion de la mobilité en politique internationale. Il a pour enjeu la mise en questionnement de la notion de gouvernance globale de la mobilité, incluant migrations économiques et flux de refugiés. Les organisations internationales, leur interaction avec les acteurs non gouvernementaux de la politique des migrations internationales et des flux de réfugiés sont au cœur d’un dispositif politique qui est à la fois fait de discours et de pratiques. Le deuxième axe de ce projet observe les enjeux politiques de la gouvernance régionale des migrations dans deux espaces différenciés mais fortement marqué par leur contexte régional, l’Europe et le Moyen Orient. Il s’agit de déterminer la place de l’Etat dans la gouvernance de la mobilité à l’échelle régionale notamment dans le cas européen entre la fin du vingtième et le début du vingt-et-unième siècle. La « gouvernance » oscille entre intégration et « retour de l’Etat » dans la gestion des migrations internationales notamment avec la crise économique et financière, et on étudie les manifestations de cette « réaction souverainiste » sur la mobilité des personnes. Le troisième axe de ce projet s’attache à l’étude ethnographique des lieux de vie des réfugiés, les camps en ‘intéressant aux transformations sociales à l’œuvre dans ce espaces sociaux transnationaux institutionnalisés. Il s’intéresse notamment aux modes de gouvernance mise en œuvre par les acteurs humanitaires dans des contextes de conflits ou de crise et à l’autonomie (agency) des populations concernées et analyse celle-ci à travers la structuration et la matérialité des espaces de relégation et/ou confinement des réfugiés à l’échelle globale. Le quatrième axe de ce projet présente un dispositif prospectif qui vise à décrire les dispositifs contemporains les plus visibles de limitation de la mobilité –les murs et explorer des scenarii politiques d’ouverture des frontières et de libéralisation de la mobilité. Il constitue un complément et un prolongement théorique de l’ensemble des connaissances et analyses déployées dans le cadre de ce projet.
Year 2013
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18 Project

When poverty meets affluence: Migrant street workers in Scandinavia

Principal investigator Anne Britt Djuve (Project Leader), Jon Horgen Friberg (), Guri Tyldum ()
Description
The phenomenon of EU migrants who go abroad to beg, collect bottles, trade and do other types of informal “street work” (Adriaenssen 2011) has featured on the political agendas of most European countries over the last decade. While the EU framework was intended to encourage the free movement of labour, there is little regulation in place to address the free movement of poverty. As unwanted mobility from EU member states can no longer be stopped at the borders, European states have come to depend on internal policing and regulations in attempts to regulate these practices. Thus far, there has been little research into this particular form of mobility and the related institutional responses. This project addresses this knowledge gap. Drawing on theories of economic sociology and institutional theory, we will explore the causes for and outcomes of this mobility, its organisation and the development and impact of policies and discourses in countries of destination. As this mobility in many ways represents an “extreme” case of transnational migration and ethnic relations, knowledge about the mechanisms involved may challenge or strengthen assumptions within existing theories. The project will therefore engage with wider theoretical debates within the field of migration studies.
Year 2015
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19 Project

Simulating world trade in the decades ahead : driving forces and policy implications

Authors Lionel FONTAGNÉ, Jean FOURÉ, Alexander KECK
Year 2014
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20 Working Paper

Migrants', 'mobile citizens' and the borders of exclusion in the European Union

Authors Martin RUHS
Year 2018
Book Title Debating European citizenship
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22 Book Chapter

Foreign assistance and emigration : accounting for the role of non-transferred aid

Authors Mauro LANATI, Rainer THIELE
Year 2019
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24 Working Paper

Transnationale Bildungsmigration

Principal investigator Andreas Ette (Principal Investigator ), Wolfgang Lauterbach (Principal Investigator ), Lenore Sauer (Principal Investigator )
Description
"Schüler, Auszubildende und Studierende stellen heute einen wesentlichen Anteil der Migration zwischen hochentwickelten Staaten dar. Politisch und wissenschaftlich wird diese Entwicklung der wachsenden Mobilität der jungen und oftmals hochqualifizierten Bevölkerung äußerst ambivalent bewertet: Auf der einen Seite finden sich kritische Stimmen, die in der internationalen Migration dieser Bevölkerungsgruppen einen Verlust an Humankapital erkennen. Auf der anderen Seite haben sich Auslandsaufenthalte im Kontext von Globalisierung und Transnationalisierung zu einem wichtigen Kriterium für die Vergabe von Positionen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt entwickelt. Die individuellen Konsequenzen dieser neuen Form der Migration wurden bisher für einzelne Berufsgruppen analysiert, belastbare wissenschaftliche Analysen zur Frage, wie sich ein Auslandsaufenthalt zum Zwecke der Ausbildung auf den gesamten weiteren Lebensverlauf auswirkt, liegen bislang jedoch nicht vor. Es ist anzunehmen, dass sich die Migrationserfahrungen in der Jugend und im jungen Erwachsenenalter nicht nur auf den Erwerbsverlauf sondern auch auf andere Lebensbereiche wie beispielsweise Freundes- und Familiennetzwerke, Partnerwahl und Partnerschaft, das spätere Mobilitätsverhalten oder politische Einstellungen auswirken. Neben den individuellen spielen auch die gesellschaftlichen Konsequenzen der Bildungsmobilität eine Rolle. So stellt sich die Frage, ob sich Bildungsmigration zu einer neuen Dimension sozialer Ungleichheit entwickelt, indem diese Personen auf Ressourcen zurückgreifen können, die anderen nicht zur Verfügung stehen."
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25 Project

The Temporary Nature of Ukrainian Migration: Definitions, Determinants and Consequences

Authors Marta Kindler, Agata Górny
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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28 Book Chapter

interlinked migration chains and their consequences to work and care in Ageing Europe

Principal investigator Anna Gavanas (REMESO Project Leader), Ines Calzada (Participants not from REMESO)
Description
Swedish retirees are part of a growing stream of Northern Europeans who migrate to Southern Europe to retire in the sun. Exploring the relations between streams of migrants who meet in Spain, and their intermediaries, this project explores issues of mobility and the globalization of care/service, of crucial importance to welfare states and the future of work, elderly care and retirement conditions in Ageing Europe.
Year 2013
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29 Project

Migration-related Conditionality in EU External Funding

Authors Roberto Cortinovis, Carmine Conte, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2018
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30 Policy Brief

Swedish retirement migrants to Spain and migrant workers: interlinked migration chains and their consequences to work and care in Ageing Europe

Principal investigator Anna Gavanas (REMESO Project Leader), Dr Ines Calzada (Participants not from REMESO)
Description
In Swedish public discourse, retirees born in the 1940s are considered a growing cohort of relatively wealthy consumers, with more cosmopolitan preferences and habits, and different demands compared to previous generations. Swedish retirees are part of a growing stream of Northern Europeans who migrate to Southern Europe to retire in the sun. Exploring the relations between streams of migrants who meet in Spain, and their intermediaries, this project explores issues of mobility and the globalization of care/service, of crucial importance to welfare states and the future of work, elderly care and retirement conditions in Ageing Europe.
Year 2013
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31 Project

Wie Zuwanderung die Loehne beeinflusst: Untersuchung laenderspezifischer Unterschiede

Principal investigator Gerald Willmann (Principal Investigator ), Olivier Gordart (Principal Investigator ), Léa Marchal (Principal Investigator ), Max Steinhardt (Principal Investigator )
Description
Frankreich und Deutschland sind bedeutende Einwanderungsländer. In 2010 machten im Ausland geborene Personen 7.2% bzw. 6.3% der jeweiligen Bevölkerung aus (Brücker et al 2013). Trotz unterschiedlicher wirtschaftlicher Situationen (insbesondere hinsichtlich Ungleichheit und Arbeitslosigkeit), hat der jüngste Anstieg von Asylbewerbern und illegaler Immigration in beiden Ländern eine lebhafte Debatte um eine Verschärfung der Immigrationspolitik ausgelöst. Die ökonomischen Auswirkungen der Zuwanderung, insbesondere für die einheimischen Arbeitskräfte, sind dabei zentrale Themen.In vier Arbeitsabschnitten (WPs) soll dieses Projekt der Wirkung von zugewanderten Arbeitskräften auf einheimische Beschäftigung und Löhne nachgehen. Wir erweitern die die bestehende Literatur, indem wir untersuchen, ob und warum sich die Wirkung der Zuwanderer zwischen verschiedenen Ländern unterscheidet. Wir werden insbesondere die Allokation von Aufgaben und Arbeitsplätzen (WP1) und das Ausmaß der Handelsverflechtung (WP2) betrachten, um Arbeitsmarkteffekte der Immigration aufzudecken. Wir wollen zudem die Wechselwirkungen zwischen Arbeitsmarkt­effekten und Immigrationspolitik untersuchen (WP3).WP1 wird sich auf die Nachfrageseite des Arbeitsmarktes konzentrieren. Wir werden untersuchen, wie die Zuwanderung die Allokation von Aufgaben und Arbeitsplätzen innerhalb von Firmen und über Firmen hinweg beeinflusst.WP2 wird zuerst den Folgen von länderspezifisch unterschiedlichen Handelsverflechtungen für die Arbeitsmarkteffekte von Immigration nachgehen. Desweiteren soll untersucht werden, wie das Ausmaß der Unternehmenskonzentration (in Abhängigkeit von der Offenheit des Handels) die Verbindung zwischen Immigration und einheimischen Löhnen beeinflusst.WP3 wird sowohl theoretisch wie empirisch die politischen Determinanten der Immigrationspolitik analysieren, über europäische Länder hinweg und im Hinblick auf verschiedene Arten von Immigration. Es soll zudem darum gehen, wie der Grad der Substituierbarkeit zwischen Zuwanderern und Einheimischen von den Determinanten der Einwanderungspolitik abhängt.WP4 dient der Kooperation. Das Team umfasst Forscher mit ausgeprägten Komplementaritäten, die für dieses Projekt an der Schnittstelle zwischen Migrationsökonomie, Außenhandelstheorie und politischer Ökonomie der Migration gebraucht werden. Die Ergebnisse sollen in gemeinsame Publikationen innerhalb des französischen (WP1, WP2) und des deutschen (WP3) Teams, sowie beider Teams (WP2) einfließen. Wir erwarten desweiteren einen Austausch hinsichtlich der Nutzung der französischen und deutschen Arbeitgeber-Arbeitnehmer-Statistiken.Das Projekt soll die öffentliche Debatte durch ein besseres Verständnis der ökonomischen Effekte der Zuwanderung in Europa bereichern. Die Projektbeteiligten werden ihre Ergebnisse intensiv in die Öffentlichkeit tragen. Die Endergebnisse sollen in hochrangigen Fachzeitschriften und die Politikempfehlungen in Politikjournalen und Blogs veröffentlicht werden.
Year 2018
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32 Project

International Migration at the Beginning of the Twenty-First Century: Global Trends and Issues

Authors S Castles, Stephen Castles
Year 2000
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL
Citations (WoS) 86
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33 Journal Article

L'impact de l'Immigration sur les salaires des travailleurs natifs : examen de l'hétérogénéité internationale

Principal investigator Jérôme Héricourt (co-Principal Investigator)
Description
La France et l'Allemagne sont deux grands pays d'immigration. En 2010, les personnes nées à l'étranger représentaient 7,2% et 6,3% de leurs populations respectives (Brücker et al., 2013). En dépit de situations économiques différentes en France et en Allemagne, l'accroissement récent des demandes d'asile et de l'immigration illégale soulève un débat similaire sur les conséquences économiques de l’immigration, et les conclusions à en tirer en termes de régulation des flux migratoires. Au travers de trois work-packages scientifiques (WPs), ce projet cherche à étudier l'impact des travailleurs immigrés sur l’emploi et les salaires des nationaux. Nous souhaitons enrichir la littérature en cherchant à comprendre pourquoi l'impact de l'immigration varie selon le pays de destination. Nous examinerons l'allocation des tâches et les stratégies de production (WP1) et l'intégration commerciale (WP2) afin de détecter les effets conditionnels de l'immigration sur le marché du travail. Nous étudierons également les interactions entre l’intégration des immigrés au marché du travail et les politiques d'immigration (WP3). Le WP1 se focalisera sur le côté de la demande du marché du travail. Nous chercherons à comprendre en quoi les travailleurs immigrés affectent l'allocation des tâches au sein des firmes et entre firmes. Nous étudierons aussi le lien entre l'emploi de travailleurs étrangers et les stratégies de production des firmes (telle que l’outsourcing). Le WP2 analysera dans quelle mesure l'impact des travailleurs étrangers sur les salaires des travailleurs nationaux est conditionné par l'intégration commerciale et les caractéristiques d'une économie tel que son niveau de granularité (i.e. la prévalence de grandes firmes dans les dynamiques macroéconomiques). Le WP3 étudiera, de manière théorique et empirique, les déterminants des politiques d'immigration à destination de certaines catégories d'immigrés dans les pays de l'UE. Par ailleurs, nous analyserons la façon dont le degré de substitution entre travailleurs nationaux et étrangers affecte les politiques d'immigration. Le WP4 organisera la coopération scientifique. Les équipes partenaires comptent des chercheurs aux compétences complémentaires, un prérequis pour répondre aux enjeux d'un projet se situant à l’intersection de l'économie des migrations, du commerce international et de l'économie politique de l'immigration. Les deux équipes se pencheront sur le côté de la demande du marché du travail (WP1) et sur l'intégration commerciale (WP2), alors que l'équipe allemande se focalisera sur les politiques d'immigration (WP3). Il est attendu un transfert de connaissances concernant l'utilisation des données allemandes et françaises. Les travaux seront publiés dans des revues scientifiques de haut niveau, et les recommandations de politiques publiques seront disséminées au travers de policy papers. Le projet contribuera au débat public portant sur les conséquences économiques de l'immigration en Europe.
Year 2018
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34 Project

KoNkultura. Wymiary uczestnictwa w kulturze młodych imigrantów z Ukrainy w Polsce

Authors Marta Pietrusińska, Anna Jawor, Urszula Markowska-Manista
Year 2020
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36 Book

EU Migration and the Economic Crisis: Concepts and Issues

Authors Mikolaj Stanek, Jean-Michel Lafleur
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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38 Book Chapter

Somalis in Europe

Authors Monica FAGIOLI-NDLOVU
Description
Somalis have a long history in Europe; the first Somalis were seamen who arrived in the UK working on British ships at the beginning of the 20th century. Throughout different waves of migrations directly related to European colonial history, Somalis have settled down in various cities throughout Europe. More recently, their mobility has been noted between Northern European cities. Somalis have experienced an increasingly hostile environment in the last twenty years, which reflects changing and stricter migration laws in different European countries. This report begins by narrating some of the most salient events that caused Somali migration to Europe. The central part of the report presents the integration policies of six European countries (Finland, the UK, Italy, Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands), where the largest Somali-born populations reside. After a comparative discussion of these integration policies, the report concludes by suggesting a need for further analyses of integration policies that would include Somalis’ transnational engagements in Somalia.
Year 2015
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39 Report

Determinants of ‘Mobilisation’ at Home and Abroad: Analysing the Micro-Foundations of Out-Migration & Mass Protest

Principal investigator Sorana Toma (Principal Investigator)
Description
Le projet MOBILISE demande: Quand mécontents avec le situation economique ou politiquoi, pourquoi certains individus protestent tandis que d'autres quittent les frontieres? En reliant les intuitions théoriques de la littérature sur la migration internationale et de celle sur les mobilisations collectives, nous examinons a) Si des facteurs similaires soustentend le choix de migrer et/ou de protester au niveau individuel b) Comment le contexte influence ces mobilisations c) Dans quelle mesure ces choix sont-ils independants l'un de l'autre ou ils se renforcent / se découragent l'un l'autre. MOBILISE utilise une methodologie mixte (des enquêtes quantitatives representatives au niveau national, des enquêtes en ligne auprés des migrants, des enquêtes auprès des protestataires, des focus groups, des entretiens retrospectifs et de l'analyse des réseaux sociaux) ainsi qu'un design multi-situé. Le projet couvre l'Ukraine, la Pologne, le Maroc et le Bresil, qui ont tous récemment connu des protestations de masse ainsi qu'une forte émigration. Nous suivons des emigrés de ces pays en Allemagne, la Grande Bretagne et l'Espagne. Le projet offre quatre innovations clés 1) Il combine les protestations et la migration 2) Il capture tous les groupes pertinents pour la comparaison (des protestataires, des migrants, des migrants protestataires et des individus qui ne font ni l'un ni l'autre) 3) Il suit des individus au fil du temps en utilisant des methodes de panel 4) Il inclut dans l'analyse l'utilisation des réseaux sociaux en fournissant de l'information sur le role des réseaux et des transferts politiques en temps réel. Ces innovations nous permettent d'apporter une contribution importante au développement théorique autant dans l'étude des migrations que des protestations. De plus, le projet fournit des connaissances centrales aux hommes politiques sur les facteurs qui influencent la stabilité politique et économique.
Year 2019
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40 Project

Lessons from the South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis

Authors Mikolaj Stanek, Jean-Michel Lafleur
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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41 Book Chapter

Von der Flüchtlingshilfe zur Fluchthilfe. Auseinandersetzungen um Flüchtlingsschutz im deutschen Migrationsregime und die Rolle zivilgesellschaftlicher Initiativen

Principal investigator Helen Schwenken (Principal Investigator)
Description
Das Forschungsprojekt "Von der Flüchtlingshilfe zur Fluchthilfe" geht aus von der Problematik des Asylparadoxes und dem Umgang zivilgesellschaftlicher Akteure mit seinen Konsequenzen: Zwar gelten in Deutschland das Grundrecht auf Asyl und die völkerrechtlichen Prinzipien des Flüchtlingsschutzes und viele Staaten gewährleisten Flüchtlingsrechte. Um diese zu erlangen, müssen die meisten Schutzsuchenden allerdings mangels legaler Einreisemöglichkeiten illegal Grenzen überqueren und sich in riskante Situationen begeben. Insbesondere durch die sich in den Jahren 2015 und 2016 zuspitzende Lage entwickeln sich in Deutschland vermehrt gesellschaftliche Auseinandersetzungen um den Zugang zu Flüchtlingsschutz. Das Forschungsprojekt analysiert diese Auseinandersetzungen mit Fokus auf das Engagement zivilgesellschaftlicher Initiativen für die sichere Einreise von Flüchtenden. Daher geht das Projekt der Forschungsfrage nach, welche Handlungsansätze und Strategien zivilgesellschaftliche Initiativen im Kontext von Migrations- und Fluchtregimen entwickeln, um sich angesichts beschränkter Einreisewege und humanitärer Notlagen für einen Zugang zum Schutz für Geflüchtete einzusetzen und Fluchthilfe zu leisten.
Year 2018
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42 Project

The Interview in Migration Studies: A Step towards a Dialogue and Knowledge Co-production?

Authors Violetta Zentai, Olena Fedyuk
Book Title Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies
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43 Book Chapter

Was „macht“ Migration mit deutschem Verwaltungsrecht?

Principal investigator Larissa Vetters (Principal Investigator)
Description
... Eine rechtsethnologische Untersuchung des Aufeinandertreffens von migrantischen Lebensentwürfen und rechtlicher Systembildung in verwaltungsgerichtlichen Streitfällen "Hypothese ist, dass zwischen Migranten und staatlichen Akteuren eine Interaktionssituation entsteht, von der auch jenseits des Gesetzgebungsprozesses Impulse für eine Rechtsentwicklung ausgehen. Zentrale Fragen sind, wie Migranten als Akteure die Möglichkeiten verwaltungsgerichtlichen Rechtsschutzes erleben, wie Rechtsanwender in ihrem Arbeitsalltag Migrationsdynamiken und -folgen bearbeiten und welche Auswirkungen diese soziale Praxis auf das Verwaltungsrecht und die Rechtsstaatsvorstellungen der beteiligten Akteure hat. Dr. Vetters geht von der Hypothese aus, dass zwischen Migranten und staatlichen Akteuren eine Interaktionssituation entsteht, von der in der Rechtswirklichkeit auch jenseits des Gesetzgebungsprozesses intendierte und unintendierte Impulse für eine Rechtsentwicklung und eine Transformation von Rechtsstaatsvorstellungen ausgehen. In einer empirischen Untersuchung wird diese Interaktionsdynamik einschließlich der aus ihr resultierenden Prozesse der Rechtsfortbildung und -transformation systematisch erfasst und im Hinblick auf die Ausgestaltung von Rechtsstaatlichkeit unter Bedingungen soziokultureller Pluralisierung in Deutschland eingeordnet. Zunächst wird hierfür eine Datengrundlage in Form einer Falldatenbank mit mindestens 200 Fällen geschaffen, die bislang fehlt, da insbesondere die Justizstatistik keine Daten über den Migrationshintergrund enthält. Dazu werden zunächst explorative Interviews mit Migranten geführt, um so Rechtsgebiete zu identifizieren, die – neben den klassischen Gebieten wie dem Ausländer- und Asylrecht – für die migrantische Biographie von besonderer Relevanz sind bzw. in denen der Migrationshintergrund eine Rolle spielt. Für diese Referenzgebiete sollen dann weitere Daten durch teilnehmende Beobachtung, Interviews und Analyse schriftlicher Quellen in den Akteursfeldern „Migranten“, „Anwalt/Rechtsberatungsorganisation“, „Verwaltungsgericht“ und „Behörden“ erhoben werden. Aus dieser Falldatenbank sollen dann solche Fälle ausgewählt werden, in denen sich unterschiedliche Aspekte der Rechtsentwicklung und Transformationen von Rechtsstaatsvorstellungen andeuten. Auf dieser Grundlage ist geplant, 12 bis 16 detaillierte Einzelfallstudien zu bilden, anhand derer unterschiedliche Aspekte der Rechtsentwicklung und Transformation von Rechtsstaatsvorstellungen dokumentiert und analysiert werden können. Anhand verschiedener Teilfragen werden dabei die beiden großen Teilbereiche untersucht, welche Transformationen der Ordnungsidee der Rechtsstaatlichkeit in der Rechtswirklichkeit als Ergebnis von Interaktionen zwischen den am verwaltungsgerichtlichen Verfahren beteiligten Akteuren zu beobachten sind und inwiefern transformierte Rechtsstaatsvorstellungen der Akteure auf die Rechtsanwendung und -entwicklung zurückwirken."
Year 2015
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44 Project

Ökonomische Integration der qualifizierten Migranten in vier Ländern

Principal investigator Irena Kogan (Principal Investigator), Mosche Semyonov (Principal Investigator), Yitchak Haberfeldt (Principal Investigator), Karin Amit (Principal Investigator), John Logan (Principal Investigator), Don Devoretz (Principal Investigator), William Bridges (Principal Investigator), Rebeca Raijman (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Das Hauptziel des Projektes besteht darin, die wirtschaftliche Integration von hoch gebildeten Immigranten aus der ehemaligen Sowjetunion in vier Zielländern zu vergleichen: USA, Kanada, Deutschland und Israel. Diese vier Länder stellten die hauptsächlichen Zielländer der Immigranten aus der ehem. Sowjetunion seit ihrem Niedergang 1989 dar. Jedes Aufnahmeland repräsentiert ein unterschiedliches Immigrationsregime, das sich sowohl in der Auswahl der Zuwanderer ins Einreiseland, als auch in der Bereitstellung der Art und Höhe der Hilfe und Unterstützung der Immigranten unterscheidet. Der Fokus der Integration der Immigranten aus einem Herkunftsland in verschiedenen Zielländern bieten uns die einmalige Gelegenheit die Auswirkungen der Immigrationspolitik und den Aufnahmekontext auf die ökonomische Integration der hoch gebildeten Immigranten zu untersuchen. Die geplante Untersuchung wird Folgendes erforschen: a) wie und warum hoch gebildete Immigranten ihr Zielland auswählen; b) die Konsequenzen der Selbstauswahl der Immigranten für ihren Erfolg auf dem Arbeitsmarkt und c) die Rolle des Aufnahmekontextes jedes Landes (Sozialpolitik und Arbeitsmarkteigenschaften) in Bezug auf die ökonomische Assimilation von hoch gebildeten Immigranten. Frau Kogan führt das Projekt an der Universität Bamberg weiter."
Year 2007
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49 Project

International migration: a panel data analysis of the determinants of bilateral flows

Authors Anna Maria Mayda
Year 2010
Journal Name Journal of Population Economics
Citations (WoS) 243
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51 Journal Article

Etnické menšiny v Brně a předměstských obcích. Bulhaři, Řekové, Makedonci a další etnické menšiny v Brně.

Authors Jana Pospíšilová
Year 2017
Book Title History of Brno 6. Suburban municipalities
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52 Book Chapter

Le Mali et la migration irrégulière

Authors Djibonding DEMBELE
Description
Résumé Les principales causes de migration irrégulière résident dans le système économique libéral, le durcissement de la politique migratoire des pays européens et la généralisation du visa d’entrée par les pays potentiels d’accueil des migrants. D’un point de vue juridique, les conséquences consistent en la perte et la violation de droits humains des personnes en situation irrégulière. En matière de migration irrégulière, le Mali dispose d’un arsenal juridique complet. Dans la pratique, il ne la réprime pas. Il est hostile aux mesures coercitives pour résoudre les problèmes migratoires. Sa préférence va à celles qui mettent à contribution les émigrés pour le développement de leur pays et sont susceptibles d’avoir un impact positif sur leur milieu d’origine. C’est pour cette raison qu’il a signé des accords de co-développement avec la France et l’Espagne. Si ces derniers représentent une avancée majeure d’un point de vue théorique (en ce sens qu’ils traitent globalement les questions migratoires, permettent l’implication des migrants et constituent une tentative de développer le milieu d’origine des migrants), ils ont des limites évidentes. En effet, ils ne sont pas voués à fournir au Mali une aide substantielle lui permettant de se développer. Seul l’effort interne est susceptible de développer le Mali et de permettre de réduire considérablement la migration irrégulière. Abstract The reasons behind irregular migration are to be found in the liberal economic system, in the strengthening of the migratory policies of European states and in the generalization of the entry visa in potential receiving countries. From a legal point of view, consequences have included the loss and the violation of human rights for irregular migrants. Mali has a comprehensive legal arsenal for irregular migration. It does not repress irregular migration and is hostile to coercive measures against migration. It prefers measures based on emigrants’ contribution to Mali’s development. That is why it signed co-development conventions with France and Spain. These agreements represent major progress on the theoretical front since they comprehensively address migration issues, enable migrants’ participation and constitute an attempt to develop their origin environment. But they have obvious limitations. They will not provide Mali with substantial aid for development. Only internal acts will develop Mali and allow for a reduction in irregular migration.
Year 2010
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54 Report

measuring immigration policies: the IMPIC database

Authors marc helbling, Marc Helbling, Liv Bjerre, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name European Political Science
Citations (WoS) 21
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56 Journal Article

Implementation and Impact of the Researchers Directive (Directive 2005/71/EC)

Authors Martin Hofmann, International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
Year 2012
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57 Policy Brief

Mauritanie : Migration Hautement Qualifiée

Authors Sidna Ndah MOHAMED SALEH
Description
Le présent rapport cherche à dresser un panorama de la question de la migration hautement qualifiée en Mauritanie. Des données récentes estiment que l’effectif des compétences mauritaniennes de niveau supérieur ayant émigrées représente une proportion comprise entre 10,4% et 12,0% par rapport à l’ensemble de la main d’œuvre mauritanienne ayant un niveau d’instruction supérieur ; ce chiffre correspond égalent à quelques 22,0% du nombre de migrants mauritaniens à l’étranger. La présente note analytique vise à clarifier les causes de la migration qualifiée qui sont étroitement liées avec le fonctionnement du marché du travail dans ce pays. En effet, la Mauritanie demeure un pays à faible revenu dont l’économie se base principalement sur les revenus provenant des ressources naturelles (industries extractives, pêcheries, pétrole, par exemple) et de l'aide provenant de l’étranger. Outre à cette structure économique, le marché du travail est caractérisé par un niveau de chômage élevé et persistant ainsi que par une informalité importante de l’emploi. Par ailleurs, les sortants du système éducatif, notamment les diplômés, se retrouve également confronté à la question du chômage. Ce phénomène laisse à penser qu’une certaine inadéquation entre le système de formation et les besoins du marché du travail existe en Mauritanie. Au déficit d’opportunités d’emploi s’ajoute un niveau de pauvreté élevé favorisant tous types d'émigration, notamment pour les individus ayant un niveau d’instruction supérieur et pouvant probablement davantage se permettre les coûts de l’émigration. The aim of this paper is to offer a profile of highly-skilled migrants from Mauritania. From recent data, we know that highly-skilled emigrants make up about 22.0% of all emigrants; or between 10.4% and 12.0% of the highly-skilled labor force in Mauritania. Here, we focus on the pull factors of this type of emigration which are mainly related to the functioning of the labor market. Mauritania remains a low-income country with an economy based largely on income from natural resources – i.e. fishery industries and extractive activities – as well as foreign aid. High levels of unemployment and informal employment are the main features characterizing this labor market. As the graduate population seems to be particularly vulnerable to such negative labor-market conditions, the mismatch between the educational system and labor-market needs plays a fundamental role in the decision to emigrate. Finally, together with these labor-market determinants, poverty represents a constant push-factor for all types of emigration and thus also for highly-skilled individuals, who can better afford the costs of emigration.
Year 2010
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58 Report

Integrated modelling of age and sex patterns of European migration

Authors Arkadiusz Wisniowski, Peter W. F. Smith, James Raymer, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society)
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59 Journal Article

Poland’s Perspective on the Intra-European Movement of Poles. Implications and Governance Responses

Authors Marta Kindler
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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60 Book Chapter

Trade and Migration in External Dimension of Migration Policy: Relief, Root Cause Reduction or Rights Protection?

Year 2017
Book Title Pathways towards Legal Migration into the EU
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61 Book Chapter

Labour migrants and substance abuse. A pilot study of alcohol abuse among Polish labour migrants in Norway

Authors Åsmund Arup Seip
Description
This report summarises existing knowledge about alcohol abuse among labour migrants. We found a sizeable number of studies on the relationship between working life and substance abuse, but these studies fail to capture variations caused by special working conditions or labour migrant status. Thus, we are unable to draw any specific conclusions regarding alcohol abuse among labour migrants based on this literature. In recent years a great deal of published literature has documented the differences prevailing between Norwegian and foreign workers in terms of their wage levels, working conditions and affiliation with the labour market. In some cases, labour migrants work under very poor, occasionally illegal conditions. Some studies have investigated living conditions among labour migrants, but alcohol abuse in this group has not been documented to any appreciable extent. Further studies might help us understand how the organisation of working life, including absence of regulation and control, gives rise to risk factors for poor health, unsatisfactory integration and alcohol abuse. Based on interviews with representatives of the health services, organisations, employers and trade unions and in-depth interviews with labour migrants, the report points out some causes of alcohol abuse among Polish labour migrants. The study is not representative, and we are thus unable to identify the relative importance of the various factors. Our findings may nevertheless provide an overview of the risk factors that are highlighted by the key stakeholders. These risk factors may have their origin in the labour market or else be of a social nature. The organisation of work, employment and responsibilities among enterprises in the construction industry provides foreign workers with a weaker affiliation with the labour market than a permanent position in a Norwegian construction enterprise would ensure. The extensive use of temporary employment and manpower suppliers makes for a greater degree of uncertainty in the labour market. Being reported as having problems with alcohol may cause workers to lose their job. The use of sub-contractors transfers the responsibility for handling substance abuse to smaller (and occasionally unscrupulous) enterprises that have limited resources to assist their workers. Temporary employment and short work assignments may result in periods with no work or income. Polish craftsmen rarely have Norwegian approval of their professional training and are forced to accept lower paid jobs, which may engender a sense of exclusion and low self-esteem. Living in temporary construction site accommodation may result in a monotonous life with few opportunities for meaningful leisure activities. Lack of Norwegian language skills may partly lead to marginalisation and problems in finding relevant work, and partly to problems in establishing a social network in Norway. Language problems may also be a barrier to obtaining proper help for health problems and subsequent follow-up and support. Many Polish workers in Norway have no network of family and friends. This means that alcohol problems will be less likely to be detected and addressed by a trusted person. Missing one’s spouse or children could in itself be a burden on mental health and increase risk. Drinking culture may be a risk factor, although there is no certain correlation between drinking culture and alcohol consumption among Polish workers in Norway. The availability of alcohol is likely to be of major importance. The access to illegally imported alcohol is reported to be considerable among Polish workers in Norway, and prices are low. A number of agencies are responsible for assisting workers who have a substance abuse problem or providing voluntary assistance to labour migrants in Norway. None of these services directly target foreign workers who abuse alcohol, but many of them have geared their activities to include these groups. In the labour market, the employer is the main stakeholder, with responsibility to assist employees with drinking problems through the Akan programme or other resources that are made available. The Akan programme, whose objective is to combat alcohol and other substance abuse in working life, points out challenges associated with language skills in workplaces that have a large proportion of foreign labour. The Akan programme has therefore produced information material in Polish. Trade unions also occasionally observe substance abuse among labour migrants and provide assistance in some cases. At the national level, the trade unions have collaborated with the authorities to combat social dumping and prevent the emergence of conditions that might be conducive to alcohol abuse, among other things. The Oslo Drug and Alcohol Competence Centre, Alcoholics Anonymous and Blue Cross are some of the organisations that help provide assistance to substance abusers. The Oslo Drug and Alcohol Competence Centre has been informed that substance abuse problems among Polish workers have increased in pace with rising immigration. Alcoholics Anonymous provides an active network for self-help measures and maintains a number of groups with Polish members in Norway. Blue Cross primarily establishes contact with labour migrants who have dropped out of the labour market, and a reasonable number of Polish migrants have received assistance from Blue Cross. The primary and specialist health services are key to ensuring the health of labour migrants in Norway. These services are obligated to provide options for those who seek assistance for a substance abuse problem. However, foreign workers are not entitled to a contract GP, and systematic follow-up may thus be more complicated for them than for Norwegian workers. Insufficient language skills may also constitute a barrier that prevents Polish workers from receiving appropriate treatment from the health services.
Year 2017
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62 Report

Epistemological Issues in Qualitative Migration Research: Self-Reflexivity, Objectivity and Subjectivity

Authors Theodoros Iosifides
Book Title Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies
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63 Book Chapter

Biograficzne konsekwencje międzynarodowej mobilności w dzieciństwie: przypadek Third Culture Kids

Year 2013
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne - Przegląd Polonijny
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64 Journal Article

Do native and migrant workers contribute to innovation? : patents dynamic in France, Germany and the UK

Authors Claudio FASSIO, Fabio MONTOBBIO, Alessandra VENTURINI
Year 2015
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65 Working Paper

Ukrainian Migration to Greece: from Irregular Work to Settlement, Family Reunification and Return

Authors Marina Nikolova, Michaela Maroufof
Year 2016
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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68 Book Chapter

Irregular Migration into and through Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Countries: Legal Perspectives

Authors Ryszard CHOLEWINSKI, Kristina TOUZENIS
Description
This synthesis report aims to provide an overview of the national legal frameworks of 11 Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries addressing irregular migration taking place to and from their territories. The countries under examination are Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey. The unique position in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) is also analyzed. The irregular migration flows into and out of these countries are complex. Most of the countries in question are, to a certain degree, countries of origin, transit and destination. In some instances, irregular migration flows are intertwined with refugee movements, especially from Iraq and sub-Saharan Africa. The legal status of asylum seekers and refugees is far from transparent in a number of these countries and consequently they are often considered to be in an irregular situation. Their status is also bound up with the presence of a large number of Palestinian and Iraqi refugees, especially in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. The residence status of Palestinians in the OPT is also unstable. It is worthy to underline that a number of countries in the region have relatively complex and restrictive provisions regarding the access of foreign nationals to the labour market, with the result that migrants are at greater risk of irregularity. Ce rapport de synthèse offre un aperçu des cadres législatifs nationaux pertinents en matière de migration irrégulière en vigueur dans 11 pays du Sud et de l’Est de la Méditerranée. Les pays analysés sont l’Algérie, l’Egypte, Israël, la Jordanie, le Liban, la Libye, la Mauritanie, le Maroc, la Syrie, la Tunisie et la Turquie.1 1 Il faut noter qu’aucun rapport national n’a été transmis pour l’Algérie et la Libye. La situation très spécifique des Territoires occupés palestiniens est également envisagée. Les flux migratoires au départ et à travers cette région sont complexes. La plupart de ces pays sont, à des degrés divers, à la fois des pays d’origine, de transit et de destination. Dans certains cas, les flux de migrations irrégulières sont mixtes, c'est-à-dire également composés de mouvements de réfugiés, principalement en provenance d’Irak et d’Afrique sub-saharienne. Dans les divers pays d’accueil, le statut légal de ces réfugiés est loin d’être transparent de telle sorte qu’ils sont souvent considérés comme des migrants en situation irrégulière. Leur situation est également influencée par la présence numériquement importante de réfugiés palestiniens et irakiens, principalement en Egypte, en Jordanie, au Liban et en Syrie. Le titre de séjour des Palestiniens dans les Territoires occupés est également précaire. Il faut par ailleurs souligner que la complexité et la sévérité des législations relatives à l’accès au marché du travail d’un certain nombre de pays couverts par le rapport concourent à l’accroissement des situations d’irrégularité.
Year 2009
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70 Report

Impacts of refugee flows to territorial development in Europe

Description
The so-called migration and refugee crisis is one of the most contentious topics on the EU agenda in the current context. The recent events related to the Syrian civil war, political turmoil in Libya and the subsequent influx of refugees and other migrants towards Europe as well as perceptions caused by internal migration that led to ‘Brexit’ have had a polarsing effect on Europe. Therefore, territorial evidence on the flows of asylum seekers and refugees, their distribution between and within EU countries, regions and cities, impact on socio-economic development as well as information on crisis management and integration is in high demand. The ESPON applied research activity “Impacts of refugee flows to territorial development in Europe” addresses these issues and aims to provide relevant territorial evidence and policy recommendations. The research aims to answer the following questions: How does the distribution of asylum seekers and refugees look like at regional and urban level and how has this been changing over time as a result of European and national policy decisions in recent decades? What skills and qualifications do the refugees possess and how does the influx of refugees impact the recipient countries´ regional and local labour markets and demographic imbalances (especially concerning regions which are facing the challenges of losing population and ageing)? Do the skills and qualifications meet the needs of local labour markets and how do they compete with local population and regular migrants? How are different European regions and cities located in arrival, transit and destination countries responding to the refugee crisis in terms of providing humanitarian aid, services (accommodation, material support, healthcare provision, education, language courses, labour market programmes), community building, internal distribution of refugees and medium and long term integration? How does the diversity within Europe in terms of integration policies at regional and local levels look like? What are the main challenges and what are the good policy responses and the best practices for successful integration of refugees into the local communities, societies and labour markets at regional and local levels? What kind of support do they need? How successful have the integration measures been in the past? How to improve the use of existing funding opportunities? Is there a need to improve the legislation? What kind of impacts would the implementation of the proposal of European relocation scheme generate to European countries regions and cities? How are countries redistributing refugees internally? What are the main concerns for the host countries and communities? Consortium: VVA Europe, IT (lead contractor), Istituto per la Ricerca Sociale, IT, InTER - Insitute for Territorial Economic Development, SRB Central European University, HU International Centre for Migration Policy and Development (ICMPD), AT Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, BE Bernd Parusel, SE Bastian A. Vollmer, DE Richard Williams, UK Gianni Antonio Carbonaro, UK
Year 2018
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71 Project

Stuck Between Mainstreaming and Localism: Views on the Practice of Migrant Integration in a Devolved Policy Framework

Authors Silvia Galandini, Silvia Galandini, Gareth Mulvey, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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72 Journal Article

Aktuelle europäische Binnen- und Flüchtlingsmigration nach Deutschland: Zuzugsprozesse und frühe Integrationsverläufe

Principal investigator Claudia Diehl (Principal Investigator ), Matthias Koenig (Principal Investigator ), Cornelia Kristen (Principal Investigator )
Description
Das geplante Vorhaben befasst sich mit den Zuzugsdynamiken und den sprachlichen, strukturellen und sozio-kulturellen Integrationsprozessen von jüngst Zugewanderten in Deutschland. Anschließend an das internationale Verbundprojekt SCIP (Socio-cultural Integration Processes among New Immigrants in Europe) zielt es darauf ab, auf Grundlage neu zu erhebender Paneldaten (zwei Erhebungswellen) und anhand einer größeren Zahl von Neuzuwanderergruppen die derzeit Zuziehenden angemessen zu beschreiben, aktuelle Fragen der Migrations- und Integrationsforschung zu beantworten und wichtige Informationen für die politische Steuerung des Migrations- und Integrationsgeschehens zu liefern. Die empirische Untersuchung von Neuzuwanderern setzt an drei Forschungsdefiziten an: Erstens bleibt in der bisherigen Forschung das relative Gewicht von Herkunfts- und Ziellandeffekten auf Integrationsverläufe weitgehend ungeklärt, da in den meisten Datensätzen Einwanderer befragt werden, die bereits länger im Zielland leben. Zweitens wird die Erklärung des Migrations- und Integrationsgeschehens dadurch erschwert, dass die meisten Datensätze immer noch Querschnittscharakter aufweisen. Und drittens hat sich die Migrations- und Integrationsforschung überwiegend auf die gering qualifizierten Arbeitsmigranten sowie Migranten aus den ehemaligen Kolonien und ihre Nachkommen konzentriert. Anhand einer standardisierten Befragung jüngst nach Deutschland zugewanderter Polen, Türken, Rumänen, Italiener, Syrer und Iraker sollen die Themenbereiche Zuwanderung und Settlement, sprachliche und strukturelle Integration sowie Identität, Akkulturation und Religion gezielt in einem Forschungsdesign bearbeitet werden, das die Analyse herkunftsgruppenspezifischer Integrationsverläufe gestattet, gleichzeitig aber auch der inneren Heterogenität innerhalb der Herkunftsgruppen Rechnung trägt. Die ausgewählten Herkunftsgruppen weisen einerseits eine deutliche Varianz im Hinblick auf Merkmale wie ihr durchschnittliches Bildungs- und Qualifikationsniveau, ihre religiösen Zugehörigkeiten oder ihre Migrations- bzw. Fluchtursachen auf, andererseits lässt sich an ihnen auch die Bedeutung ethnischer Gruppengrenzen für die Entstehung gruppenspezifischer früher Integrationsverläufe analysieren. Um eine ausreichend hohe Anzahl von Zuwanderern unterschiedlicher Herkunftsgruppen zu befragen, soll in dem geplanten Vorhaben eine incentivierte Mixed-Mode Erhebung von Neuzuwanderern in den jeweils zuzugsstärksten Kreisen durchgeführt werden. Ein Zusatzprojekt zur Erfassung der Grenzziehungsdynamiken seitens der Mehrheitsangehörigen in denselben Kreisen ist für den Bewilligungsfall geplant (Helbling/Traunmüller).
Year 2017
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74 Project

Bayesian Probabilistic Projection of International Migration

Authors Jonathan J. Azose, Adrian E. Raftery
Year 2015
Journal Name Demography
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75 Journal Article

Investitionen in Sprachkenntnisse und Migrationsentscheidungen

Principal investigator Panu Poutvaara (Principal Investigator ), Silke Übelmesser (Principal Investigator )
Description
Migration ist in den letzten Jahrzehnten im Zuge der zunehmenden Globalisierung zu einem wichtigen Aspekt geworden. Für die meisten Migranten sind dabei Sprachkenntnisse von großer Bedeutung. Empirische Forschung zum Zusammenhang zwischen Sprachkenntnissen und Migration ist allerdings bisher auf Grund fehlender, qualitativ hochwertiger Daten nur beschränkt möglich. Insbesondere mangelt es an Informationen zu Spracherwerb, Sprachkenntnissen sowie Migrationsabsichten potentieller Migranten. Zudem ermöglicht ein besseres Verständnis der Sprachinvestitionen auch allgemeinere Erkenntnisse zum Zusammenhang von Bildungsinvestitionen und Migrationsentscheidungen.Unser Projekt baut auf drei zusammenhängenden Literatursträngen auf und erweitert diese: (1) Spracherwerb von Erwachsenen vor Migration, (2) (geschlechter-spezifische) Migrationsentscheidungen und (3) Investition in international anwendbare und länderspezifische Bildung im Zusammenhang mit Migrationsentscheidungen. Dazu sollen Befragungen von Sprachkursteilnehmern an Goethe-Instituten durchgeführt werden. Das Goethe-Institut ist ein wichtiger Anbieter von Deutsch-Kursen mit allein 272.000 Kursteilnehmern im Jahr 2015. Befragungen von Universitätsstudierenden sollen diese Befragungen komplementieren. Die Daten werden Informationen zu individuellen Migrationsabsichten und bisheriger Migrationserfahrung enthalten, zum Niveau der Sprachkenntnisse und den Gründen für das (Nicht-)Erlernen von Sprachen, sowie zum sozioökonomischen Hintergrund der Teilnehmer, insbesondere zu ihren Bildungsbiographien. Es sind vier Studien geplant: Die erste Studie wird sich mit den Gründen des Erwerbs von Sprachen im Heimatland und dessen Determinanten befassen. Die zweite Studie wird den Zusammenhang zwischen Migrationsabsichten auf der einen Seite und Sprachkenntnissen und individuellen und länderspezifischen Eigenschaften auf der anderen Seite untersuchen. Der Fokus auf Migrationsabsichten ermöglicht ein besseres Verständnis von Migrationsbarrieren als eine Betrachtung tatsächlicher Migration. In einer dritten Studie wird getestet, ob Migration mit der internationalen Anwendbarkeit der erworbenen Bildung zusammenhängt. Die vierte Studie zielt schließlich darauf ab, Investitionen in Sprachkenntnisse im Kontext geschlechtsspezifischer Migrationsabsichten zu verstehen. Die bedeutende Rolle von Sprachkenntnissen für die Integration von Migranten macht ein detailliertes Verständnis von individuellen Motiven des Spracherwerbs und Migrationsabsichten für die zielgenaue Gestaltung von Politikmaßnahmen bereits vor der Migration erforderlich. Beispiele dafür sind das Angebot von Sprachkursen und gesetzliche Anforderungen an Sprachkenntnissen.Dieses Projekt wird gemeinsam von der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena und dem ifo Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Ludwig-Maximilian-Universität München durchgeführt.
Year 2015
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76 Project

Das Migrationsregime in Spanisch-Amerika (1700-1810)

Principal investigator Martin Biersack (Principal Investigator)
Description
Für die Migrationsgeschichte ist das koloniale Spanisch-Amerika von besonderem Interesse. Obwohl es die spanischen Gesetze allen nichtspanischen Europäern verbot, sich dort anzusiedeln, lebte eine bedeutende Anzahl von Ausländern in den amerikanischen Territorien Spaniens. Zwar wurden diese größtenteils von Regierung und Bevölkerung geduldet, ihre Situation war allerdings prekär. Nicht nur konnte eine als Ausländer deklarierte Person jederzeit unter Berufung auf die Gesetze angezeigt und ihre Ausweisung aus Amerika gefordert werden. Auch obrigkeitlich angeordnete Ausweisungskampagnen waren häufig. Mit der Reformpolitik Karls III. seit 1767 änderte sich die Bewertung ausländischer Siedler in Spanien und Amerika. Im Zuge der Peuplierungstheorien der Aufklärung wurde ihre Anwesenheit nun größtenteils als wünschenswert erachtet, sodass in der Folge konkrete Peuplierungsprojekte mit ausländischen Siedlern durchgeführt wurden. Die Duldung der Ausländer in Amerika wurde allerdings mit der US-amerikanischen Unabhängigkeit und verstärkt während der Französischen Revolution und der Napoleonischen Kriege in Frage gestellt. Ausländer wurden nun zunehmend als sicherheitspolitisches Risiko eingestuft, wobei vor allem die als Revolutionäre verdächtigen Franzosen oder die als Kriegsgegner diffamierten Engländer und Portugiesen ins Visier der Behörden gerieten. Um die nun gefürchteten Ausländer zu kontrollieren und im Bedarfsfall effektiv ausweisen zu können, wurden neue Überwachungsinstrumente geschaffen bzw. vorhandene reformiert. Ziel des Projekts ist es, das Migrationsregime in Spanisch-Amerika während des 18. und frühen 19. Jahrhunderts zu rekonstruieren. Ein Migrationsregime ist ein durch Prinzipien und Gesetze bestimmtes Handlungs- und Gestaltungsfeld, in dem individuelle, kollektive und institutionelle Akteure Migrationsprozesse in ihrem Sinne zu beeinflussen suchen. Im Zentrum der Untersuchung stehen Konflikte, die sich aus der Präsenz der Ausländer in Spanisch-Amerika ergaben. Die Analyse dieser Konflikte ermöglicht es, Regelmäßigkeit zu bestimmen, nach denen Migrationsprozesse im Migrationsregime Spanisch-Amerikas ausgehandelt wurden. Das Projekt ist bei einer Schwerpunktsetzung auf den Río de la Plata, Kuba, Mexiko, Chile und Hochperu (Bolivien) auf ganz Spanisch-Amerika bezogen und nicht nur auf eine bestimmte Verwaltungseinheit.
Year 2015
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77 Project

Migration costs and determinants of bilateral migration flows

Authors Dmytro VIKHRIV
Description
In this paper I research economic, non-economic and the institutional determinants of bilateral migration flows into OECD countries. My contribution to the growing literature is two-fold. First, I explicitly account for the panel structure of migration costs information acquisition, physical costs of the move and social exclusion). Second, building upon Beine et al. (2011b), I proceed with the analysis of determinants of bilateral migration flows disaggregated by educational attainments in the panel data environment. The preliminary results show that the defined cost variables are significant in explaining the volume and composition of the flow of migrants, the result not being sensitive to the model specification. Network effects promote negative self-selection and the quality of migrants positively correlates, while the physical distance, existence of a common language and colonial links between countries are insignificant in explaining the educational composition of migrants. I further conclude that the restrictive and skill selective immigration policies of the major destination countries bias the conventional role of the economic push and pull factors.
Year 2013
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78 Report

Goans in Portugal: Role of history and identity in shaping diaspora linkages

Authors Rupa CHANDA, Sriparna GHOSH
Description
The Portuguese colonial era in India began in 1502 and ended in 1961 with the annexation of Goa by India. This long standing colonial relationship led to a deep-rooted historical, cultural and social relationship between Goa and Portugal. Migration from Goa to Portugal, over different periods, played an important part in forging this relationship. This paper examines the history of migration from Goa to Portugal, the characteristics of the Goan community in Portugal, and its engagement with Goa and with India, based on secondary and primary sources of information. Section 2 discusses the different waves of migration from Goa to Portugal. It finds that Goans migrated to Portugal during the colonial period in search of education, then following the annexation of Goa by India in 1961, and subsequently during the 1970s when Goans “twice migrated” to Portugal from Mozambique and Angola following their independence. In recent decades, Goans have been migrating to Portugal to seek access to the larger European market. Today, there is a sizeable Goan community residing in Portugal. Sections 3 and 4 explore the question of identity as perceived by this community in Portugal. The findings indicate that history, the causal factors underlying migration, and the heterogeneity within the community in terms of background, economic and social status have a major influence on the notion of identity. One section of the community does not consider itself as a diaspora group or as expatriates or migrants as it sees itself as fully integrated with Portuguese society. Their connection is with Goa, not with India. Another section of the community views itself as belonging to India and also Goa, realizing that they have a distinct identity within Portugal. For the twice migrated, the issue of identity is even more complex as they identify with a third country and many have never lived in Goa or India. Section 5 discusses how this issue of identity has in manifested itself in different ways, such as through the community’ position on issues of minority representation within Portuguese society, through diaspora associations and networks, and the extent to which the community has engaged with and contributed back to Goa and India. It finds that due to the dilemma over identity, the community has had very weak economic and philanthropic ties with the homeland. Section 6 highlights the growing engagement between the Goan community in Portugal and India in recent years and some initiatives at the government level to deepen this engagement. However, it finds that a long term strategic vision has been lacking on the part of both the Indian and the Portuguese governments. Section 7 concludes by calling for a forward looking approach to engaging with the Goan diaspora community in Portugal. It recommends that this community be strategically leveraged not only to strengthen economic and cultural relations with Portugal but also to serve India’s larger foreign policy and geopolitical objectives in the Lusophone countries of Latin America and Africa.
Year 2012
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79 Report

Migration from the United States to the European Union: trends and characteristics

Authors Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Giambattista SALINARI
Description
This paper analyzes emigration from the United States to the European Union. Few empirical studies have been conducted on this topic and theorization on this type of migration is essentially inexistent. In this paper, we tried to fill this gap and to show how migration between advanced economies is crucial in understanding different and under-researched aspects of international migration. Specifically, the magnitude of migration from the US appears “too large” to be explained through classic migration theories but “too small” when compared to the overall movements originating in other developed countries. As to the main results, the lower migration propensity showed by the US born population compared with that of the population born in other advanced economies seems to be related to its historical evolution: the US has never had mass emigration and US colonialism was historically less relevant, at least compared to Europe. Geographical and cultural proximity assume instead a major relevance in explaining US emigration patterns and magnitude. Focusing on the characteristics of US emigration, we found, that the interplay of various specific forces have created over time a composite profile of this population, which – being characterized by specific and various motivations – looks, generally speaking, heterogeneous. More specifically, the profile of US emigrants in the European Union Member States is, we have found, essentially linked to family formation and to economic integration between EU and US society. We conclude that migration between advanced economies is relevant internationally, but largely ignored at a scientific level. The more interactions between economies are destined to augment, the more an understanding of their consequences for origin and destination countries becomes a priority.
Year 2011
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80 Report

The Political Sociology of Cosmopolitanism and Communitarianism

Principal investigator Ruud Koopmans (Principal Investigator), Wolfgang Merkel (Principal Investigator), Michael Zürn (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Theoretical background and objectives Across many advanced democracies – albeit to varying extents and in different forms – we observe a growing distance between the positions taken by political elites, and those of mass publics and electorates. This elite-mass divide has crystallised in a limited number of issue areas, which are often related to globalisation and denationalisation, in their political, socio-cultural, and economic forms. It shows that the denationalisation of markets, governance structures, and migration flows entails not only an aggregate growth in opportunities and wealth, but also a reconfiguration of power, wealth, and status between different classes of actors within national political systems as well as between supranational and national institutions. In the national political arena, various globalisation processes led to tensions in many countries reflected in the rise of populist movements and parties on the left and right. On the international level, inter­national institutions are not any more seen as just functional agencies to foster coordination between governments, but increasingly as sites of political authority and arenas of political contestation. Against this background, we ask: (1) To which extent do these different conflicts follow a similar logic and can be described as a ""new political cleavage""? (2) Whether the positions of the two sides of such a cleavage are already embedded in encompassing normative foundations which we may label as cosmopolitanism and communitarianism? (3) To what extent does the appropriate handling of such a conflict require a significant change in the landscape of political institutions? This research project feeds into three themes with far-reaching implications for understanding new social conflicts in globalising societies: (1) Part of the success of the modern nation-state was its ability to successfully institutionalise social and political cleavages. To the extent that new political cleavages challenge the role of political institutions of the nation-state as such and that some players use political arenas outside of the traditional nation-state realm for their purposes, the classical patterns of legitimacy and decision-making in national democracies get undermined. (2) International institutions, such as the WTO or environmental regimes, were successful in acting as, more or less, technical agencies under firm control of the executives of the member states. To the extent that these international institutions exercise authority and thus become an arena of political contestation, their ""technical"" foundation of success gets challenged as well. This mechanism applies in general, albeit in different forms, to the EU as well. (3) Migration and integration have been seen for a long time as issues of social relevance, but only with limited impact on the core of national political institutions. To the extent that this cultural component of the new cleavage becomes dominant, migration and integration will move closer to the centre of political competition and will eventually change norms, rules, and procedures within the national political systems. Research design, data and methodology There are three empirical modules in this project: In Module 1 we will investigate the following aspects: ""objective"" representation deficits, the subjective perception of them, the emergence of populist parties and the consequences for political conflict as well as democracy's capacity to reproduce their legitimacy. Moreover, it will extend the cross-country comparison from Europe to Latin America, where a major reaction to globalisation and its socio-economic consequences is not exclusive against immigration, but rather inclusive towards the marginalised underclass of their countries. In Module 2 we address the question why elites tend to have and act according to a more cosmopolitan world view than their citizens/electorates. While it seems plausible to assume that modest cosmopolitan positions are more widespread among political elites than among citizens, it is less obvious that especially economic elites are also widely committed to more ambitious cosmopolitan positions such as the constitutionalisation of global governance. On the one hand, the project seeks to explain why political elites are more cosmopolitan than citizens/electorates but also what the determinants of the emergence of different forms of cosmopolitanism among different elites are and how it clashes with different variants of communitarian inclinations of many ""normal"" citizens. In Module 3 we undertake an inquiry into the question about the relative distribution of (different types of) cosmopolitanism and communitarianism across different political arenas (supranational, international, transnational, national and regional). We assume that cosmopo­litan positions dominate the political arenas beyond the nation-state and use them mainly for purposes of agenda-setting and compliance with international norms within nation-states. In this way, they can strengthen their position in national political arenas without being necessarily in the majority position. At the same time, communitarian political forces are put into the defence and appear parochial. We will develop a distinct type of political sociology covering cosmopolitanism and communi­tarianism along the three mentioned paths of enquiry. The first project component focuses mainly, but not exclusively, on the first research module and will rely primarily on secondary analysis of population surveys and party programme data. We can therefore take a large-N approach and investigate a wide range of countries. Components two and three of the research project require the creation of primary data. We plan to apply three types of analysis in order to investigate the issues mentioned in research modules two and three: (1) A content and frame analysis of pro-cosmopolitan and pro-communitarian opinion articles in elite newspapers and weeklies as well as in opinion articles in tabloid newspapers. (2) An online questionnaire among members of the political elite (local, regional, national politicians/party functionaries and European/international functionaries as well as NGO representatives) measuring cosmopolita­nism and communitarianism items that are also available in existing representative population surveys, allowing a comparison between elite and mass opinions. (3) An analysis of the major focus of political activity when pursuing the cosmopolitan agenda. The hypothesis to be tested here is that cosmopolitans and communitarians act on different playing fields thus making the direct political confrontation impossible."
Year 2011
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81 Project

Determinants of International Migration Flows to and from Industrialized Countries: A Panel Data Approach Beyond Gravity

Authors Keuntae Kim, Joel E. Cohen
Year 2010
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 46
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82 Journal Article

Transnationalisme, Dynamiques Identitaires et Diversification Culturelle en situations urbaines post-migratoires

Principal investigator Marco Martiniello (Coordinator), Hassan Bousetta (Partner), Sonia Gsir (Researcher), Caroline Zickgraf (Researcher)
Description
TRICUD aims at better understanding some of the reciprocal relationships between migration and change. The principal objective is indeed to better understand how migration transforms both sending societies in the South and receiving societies in the North. It is widely acknowledged that international migration has always been a cause as well as a result of economic, political, social and cultural change. It is a key dimension of globalisation. It affects, the dynamics of identities, the process of cultural diversification and social representations in urban settings both in the North and South. Migration has also prompted the formation of transnational social spaces connecting home and destination countries. This phenomenon is observable between Belgium and some of the countries of origin of its migrant population. The Democratic Republic of Congo and Morocco are in this respect two strategic case-studies. In order to better understand the dynamics of identities, the processes of cultural diversification and the dynamics of representations in urban settings affected by international migration and immigrants’ transnational practices both in Belgium and in two immigrant sending countries, the research will be carried out along three main directions, which consist in the 3 research projects are the post-migratory city and transnational flows, the dynamics of identities and the process of cultural diversification.
Year 2009
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83 Project

Migrations de transit en Afrique : dynamiques locales et globales, gestion politique et expériences d'acte

Description
Le projet MITRANS vise à rendre compte des transformations des modèles migratoires confrontés aux processus de mondialisation. Notre projet prend en compte non seulement l'intensification des échanges et des flux, mais également la politique des Etats et les effets de la fermeture des frontières. Il se propose d'étudier les stratégies des migrants qui vivent de façon prolongée dans une situation de liminarité et de décrire les sens variables que prend l'errance en fonction des territoires traversés. Sur le plan empirique, ce projet prend en compte la diversité des destinations : territoires de départ, de destination, de transit et de passage. Démarche comparative et multi-située. Quatre axes thématiques : politiques migratoires des Etats et politiques publiques d'accueil dans les lieux de passage ; ancrage dans les espaces locaux et développement de réseaux transnationaux ; Trajectoires migrantes et configurations urbaines ; le transit comme source de catégorisation, de valeurs et d'identités nouvelles.
Year 2006
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85 Project

Mediterranean Migrations: Regionalisms Versus Globalisation

Authors Martin Baldwin-Eduards
Year 2012
Journal Name Finisterra
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86 Journal Article

Migrant Transnationalism and Modes of Transformation1

Authors Steven Vertovec
Year 2006
Journal Name International Migration Review
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87 Journal Article

When Do Migration Aspirations Materialize?

Principal investigator Daniel Auer (Principal Investigator), Marc Helbling (Principal Investigator), Friederike Römer (Principal Investigator), Jasper Tjaden (Principal Investigator)
Description
"(1) Aspirations: In the absence of reliable, internationally available migration flow data necessary for statistical forecasting, policymakers increasingly turn to survey data on emigration intentions to evaluate future migration trends. The important assumption – i.e. that there is a measurable and systematic relationship between the intention to migrate and actual migration – has not been firmly established at the international level. In a first step, we examine the association between estimated population averages of emigration intentions and official migration flow data based on data for more than 160 countries. First results show a strong association between emigration intentions and recorded bilateral flows to industrialized countries, as well as between intentions and aggregated out-migration. The results provide policymakers with a reliability assessment of survey data on emigration intentions and encourage future attempts to incorporate survey data in formal statistical migration forecasting models. (2) Policies: Furthermore, we want to explore to what extent migrants consciously decide to migrate to countries that allow them to improve their economic situation taking into account the difficulties to migrate to this country. In particular, we would like to know how the difficulty to immigrate into a country prevents potential migrants from moving to this country. Might it be that migrants decide to move to more liberal countries to increase the chances to be accepted? We already know that migration flows increase when the destination country is economically more attractive (Borjas 1989; Hatton and Williamson 2003) and decrease when immigration policies are more restrictive (Helbling and Leblang 2018). These effects are to some extent due to rejections during the migration processes when for example visa applications are declined or people are not allowed to enter a country when they arrive at the border. (3) Corruption: Eventually, besides immigration policies in potential destination countries, the formation and subsequent materialization of migration aspirations is determined by various factors in the country of residence. However, there is surprisingly little empirical evidence on factors outside the pure economic sphere. For instance, the link between corruption and emigration has received growing attention. Until now, the evidence claiming a strong relationship relies on individual case studies and correlational analysis which severely limits generalizability. In our study, we apply quasi-experimental methods including instrumental variables and propensity score matching to global survey data on 130 countries over 6 years, covering almost 600’000 individual respondents. We find support for the notion that corruption – systematically and strongly - induces emigration plans across countries, across various model specifications and estimation methods. Strengthening causal claims about the link between corruption and emigration is important for further research in this field. Results are also relevant for policy-makers exploring options to address irregular migration in the context of development and trade agreements. "
Year 2018
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89 Project

Migration Statistics in Europe: A Core Component of Governance and Population Research

Authors David Reichel, Albert Kraler, Han Entzinger
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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90 Book Chapter

Politics and the migration-development nexus: the EU and the Arab SEM countries

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
In the hope of regulating migratory flows, the European Council endorsed a “global approach” to migration in December 2005, an approach which is based on the correction of the “deep causes of migration”: poverty, unemployment and development gaps between North and South. Besides liberalising economies and trade systems, a set of measures are advocated in order to enhance home countries’ development by using “migration [as a] medicine against migration”: stimulating the remittance of funds back to the country of origin; expanding the role of diasporas settled in member states; reinforcing circular migration schemes and facilitating return movements; and improving the management of the emigration of the highly-skilled in order to curb “brain drain”. The paper focuses on the Arab South and East Mediterranean (SEM) countries. It challenges the views, implicit in EU migration policies, that migration is entirely rooted in economics and that migrants’ agency alone is able to spur development in the origin country. Using the theoretical background of political economy with a neo-institutional approach to migration, it explores the stakes, the outreaches and the outcomes of the migration and development nexus. By so doing, it re-politicizes migration and development and emphasises the structural and contextual dimension of factors pushing on migration and hampering development: unemployment and high professional turn over; economic liberalisation and deregulation policies, and socio-political “blockages” (gender inequalities, patronage, clientelism and corruption, lack of public expression). Moreover, the analysis of SEM country practices in the field of migration management and engineering migration for development shows how the design of policies and the channelling of flows respond to political and demographic stakes in the various national contexts. Migration patterns act as a political shield for regimes in the region that: allows these regimes to monitor political opposition; renews socio-cultural elites; and decreases the economic opportunities in national economies, due to corruption and patronage. Current policies also reconstruct state-society/expatriates relations, through (controlled) economic participation and socio-cultural solidarity. They do not, however, lead to political participation. The paper thus concludes that amendments to macro-political contexts in the SEM countries are more likely than liberalisation policies to curb emigration flows, by engineering global social and political development. As a matter of fact, the onset and patterns of the Arab revolutions since December 2010 aptly confirm the need for political reform in the region. Adoptée par le Conseil européen en décembre 2005, l’Approche globale des migrations est axée sur la correction des « causes profondes de la migration » (la pauvreté, le chômage, les écarts de développement entre nord et sud) afin d’en réguler les flux. Parmi les mesures préconisées figurent la facilitation de l’envoi de fonds vers les pays d’origine (transparence des coûts, développement de l’accès aux services financiers), l’encouragement du rôle des diasporas implantées dans les États membres (aider les pays en développement à identifier leur diaspora et à établir des liens), le renforcement de la migration circulaire et la facilitation du retour, une meilleure gestion des migrations de personnes hautement qualifiées afin de limiter la « fuite des cerveaux ». Cette étude traite des pays arabes du sud et de l’est de la Méditerranée (SEM). Elle met en question les représentations, contenues dans les politiques migratoires de l’UE, de la migration comme facteur purement économique, mais aussi des migrants comme agents d’un développement à grande échelle dans leurs pays d’origine. Le cadre théorique de l’économie politique et les approches néo-institutionnelles des migrations, utilisés ici, permettent de dégager les enjeux et la portée du lien entre migration et développement sur le terrain arabe. L’étude ‘re-politise’ ces deux processus. Elle met en relief la dimension structurelle des facteurs déclenchant l’émigration et entravant les processus de développement : les caractéristiques du marché du travail, les politiques de libéralisation des économies et les « blocages » sociopolitiques (inégalités hommes-femmes, clientélisme et corruption, obstacles à l’expression publique). En outre, l’analyse des politiques migratoires menées dans les pays du SEM montre que ces mesures répondent aux enjeux politiques et démographiques particuliers aux divers contextes nationaux de la région. Elles permettent aux régimes en place de contrôler l’opposition politique, le renouvellement des élites socioculturelles et les conséquences de la contraction des opportunités économiques, due à la corruption et au clientélisme. Les politiques migratoires participent également d’une restructuration des relations États-sociétés-expatriés autour d’une participation économique (étroitement contrôlée) et d’une solidarité socioculturelle, mais excluant toute participation politique. L’étude conclut donc que des réformes des contextes sociaux et politiques dans les pays du SEM seraient plus à même d’agir sur les flux migratoires que les réformes néolibérales. Le déclenchement des révoltes arabes en décembre 2010 confirme d’ailleurs l’urgence de ces réformes politiques.
Year 2011
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91 Report

The Populist Marketplace: Unpacking the Role of "Thin" and "Thick" Ideology

Authors Fabian G. Neuner, Christopher Wratil
Year 2020
Journal Name POLITICAL BEHAVIOR
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92 Journal Article

Immigration, Europe and the 'new' cultural dimension

Authors WOUTER VAN DER BRUG, JOOST VAN SPANJE
Year 2009
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL RESEARCH
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97 Journal Article

Landscapes of Care Drain. Care provision and Care Chains from the Ukraine to Poland, from Poland to Germany

Principal investigator Helma Lutz (Principal Investigator)
Description
In this collaborative project the causes and implications of the provision of domestic services in private households in many ED membership countries are explored. It aims at differentiating between different countries on different levels, including an analysis of how transnational migration is affecting the construction of welfare provision and the law in European societies as well as the most intimate of institutions, the home and family, will be examined and policy recommendations will be made.The proposed individual research is a follow-up to the project Gender, Ethnicity and Identity. The New Maids in the Age of Globalization (2002- 2005, see: www.uni-muenster.de/fqei).It will analyze the aspect of transnational care provision and transnational care chains between the Ukraine, Poland and Germany. While Polish women have become care providers for German children and elderly persons, middle class households in Poland is employing Ukrainian women for care work in large Polish cities. On top of that, Ukrainian women are also found in German households as care-providers. We can thus speak of an East-West care chain linking Ukrainian with Polish and German households.
Year 2006
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98 Project

The Factors that Make and Unmake Migration Policies1

Authors Stephen Castles
Year 2006
Journal Name International Migration Review
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100 Journal Article
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