Brain drain and brain gain

Brain drain and brain gain both refer to consequences of migration for the host and sending societies in terms of the transfer of human capital. Brain drain involves the departure of a society’s high-skilled or well-trained individuals through emigration. Brain gain in turn refers to the phenomenon of such individuals contributing human capital to a host society, or eventually returning to their country/region of origin and bringing new skills or capital with them. These phenomena are also collectively known as ‘brain circulation’.

This topic includes literature on skilled migration, academic mobility, remittances, return intentions, transnationalism, and educational segregation.

Showing page of 241 results, sorted by

Brain drain, brain gain and brain waste

Authors A. Fihel, P. Kaczmarczyk, N. Wolfeil, ...
Year 2009
Book Title Labour mobility within the EU in the context of enlargement and the functioning of the transitional arrangements
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1 Book Chapter

Trends in Latin American Skilled Migration: "Brain Drain" or "Brain Exchange"?

Authors Adela Pellegrino
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 34
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2 Journal Article

Brain drain or brain gain: A revisit

Authors Donald Lien, Yan Wang
Year 2005
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 10
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3 Journal Article

Highly Skilled Egyptian Migrants in Austria: A Case of Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

Authors Alessia Bacchi
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT & REFUGEE STUDIES
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4 Journal Article

Highly Skilled Egyptian Migrants in Austria: A Case of Brain Drain or Brain Gain?

Authors Alessia Bacchi
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT & REFUGEE STUDIES
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5 Journal Article

A Cultural Analysis of China’s Scientific Brain Drain: the Case of Chinese Immigrant Scientists in Canadian Academia

Authors Meirong Fu
Year 2014
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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6 Journal Article

A brain gain with a brain drain

Authors O. Stark, C. Helmenstein, A. Prskawetz
Year 1977
Journal Name Economics Letters
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7 Journal Article

World Migration in Historical Perspective

Year 2015
Book Title Handbook of the Economics of International Migration
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8 Book Chapter

Conceptualizing Professional Diaspora: International Medical Graduates in Canada

Authors Elena Neiterman, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
Year 2011
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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9 Journal Article

The Reverse and Return Transfer of Technology (RRTT): Towards a Comprehensive Model of the Migration of African Experts

Authors B. Ikubolajeh Logan
Year 2009
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 9
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10 Journal Article

Dynamic Wage Effects of Brain Gain and Brain Drain - Analyzing Changes in the Regional Concentration of High-Skilled Workers

Principal investigator Johann Eppelsheimer (Principal Investigator), Joachim Möller (Principal Investigator)
Description
Löhne werden nicht nur von den individuellen Eigenschaften von Arbeitnehmern und Arbeitgebern bestimmt, auch lokale Gegebenheiten spielen eine Rolle. Dabei ist insbesondere der regionale Anteil an hochqualifizierten Arbeitskräften von Bedeutung. Hochqualifizierte tragen zur technischen Weiterentwicklung bei und regen den Wissensaustausch an. Dadurch steigern sie nicht nur ihre eigene Produktivität, sondern auch die anderer Beschäftigter in ihrem Umfeld. Eine gesteigerte Produktivität hat wiederum höhere Löhne zur Folge. Innerhalb des Forschungsprojekts wird daher untersucht, wie sich der regionale Zuzug (Brain-Gain) und Fortzug (Brain-Drain) Hochqualifizierter auf die Löhne ansässiger Arbeiternehmerinnen und Arbeitnehmer auswirkt. Ob ein regionaler Brain-Drain durch einen gleich großen Brain-Gain ausgeglichen werden kann, hängt von unterschiedlichen Effekten ab: Einerseits bereichern Hochqualifizierte, die als Wissensträger neu in eine Region kommen, den lokalen Wissenspool in besonderem Maße, was für einen relativ höheren Effekt von Brain-Gain im Vergleich zu Brain-Drain spricht. Andererseits basiert der Wissensaustausch stark auf sozialen Netzwerken. Geht man davon aus, dass Wegziehende verhältnismäßig große Netzwerke verlassen und Zuziehende zu Beginn verhältnismäßig kleine Netzwerke vorfinden, könnten wiederum die Effekte durch Brain-Drain überwiegen. Im Zuge des Forschungsprojekts werden die genauen Effekte anhand von regionalen Mikrodaten mit ökonometrischen Verfahren bestimmt. Projektziel Das Forschungsprojekt untersucht Effekte auf Löhne, welche durch den Zuzug (Brain-Gain) und den Fortzug (Brain-Drain) von hochqualifizierten Arbeitern hervorgerufen werden.
Year 2015
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11 Project

Brain Circulation of South Korean Students in Japan and China

Authors In-Jin Yoon, Kyung-Soo Rha, Jongtae Kim, ...
Year 2013
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
Citations (WoS) 4
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12 Journal Article

Regional organizations and intra-regional migration in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and prospects

Authors A Adepoju
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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13 Journal Article

Brain Circulation of South Korean Students in Japan and China

Authors In-Jin Yoon, Kyung-Soo Rha, Jongtae Kim, ...
Year 2013
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
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14 Journal Article

Migration, Return, and Development: An Institutional Perspective

Authors Henrik Olesen
Year 2002
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 59
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15 Journal Article

Regional organizations and intra-regional migration in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and prospects

Authors A Adepoju
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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16 Journal Article

Temporary versus Permanent Youth Brain Drain: Economic Implications

Authors Vladimir Balaz, Allan M. Williams, Daniel Kollar
Year 2004
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 45
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17 Journal Article

Ability drain: size, impact, and comparison with brain drain under alternative immigration policies

Authors M Schiff
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
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18 Journal Article

Brain drain and brain gain: the global competition to attract highly skilled immigrants

Authors T. Boeri, H. Brücker, F. Docquier, ...
Year 2012
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19 Book

Network Approach versus Brain Drain: Lessons from the Diaspora

Authors Jean-Baptiste Meyer
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 179
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20 Journal Article

A Sociology of Diaspora Knowledge Networks

Authors Jean-Baptiste Meyer
Book Title The Migration-Development Nexus
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21 Book Chapter

Theoretical Considerations and Empirical Evidence on Brain Drain Grounding the Review of Albania’s and Bulgaria’s Experience1

Authors Nicholas P. Glytsos
Year 2009
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 5
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22 Journal Article

Brain drain and technological relationship between skilled and unskilled labor: brain gain or brain loss?

Authors Xiaofeng Fan, Akira Yakita
Year 2011
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 4
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23 Journal Article

Italian Scientists Abroad in Europe's Scientific Research Scenario: High skill migration as a resource for development in Italy

Authors Stefano Sbalchiero, Arjuna Tuzzi
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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24 Journal Article

Caring about 'brain drain' migration in a postcolonial world

Authors P Raghuram
Year 2009
Journal Name GEOFORUM
Citations (WoS) 53
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25 Journal Article

Brain Drain and Brain Gain: Rising Educational Segregation in the United States, 1940-2000

Authors Thurston Domina
Year 2006
Journal Name CITY & COMMUNITY
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26 Journal Article

Italian Scientists Abroad in Europe's Scientific Research Scenario: High skill migration as a resource for development in Italy

Authors Stefano Sbalchiero, Arjuna Tuzzi
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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27 Journal Article

Skilled Immigrants in Rome

Authors M. Carolina Brandi
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 9
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28 Journal Article

International migration and the rainbow nation

Authors D Lucas, AY Amoateng, Kalule-Sabiti
Year 2006
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
Citations (WoS) 9
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29 Journal Article

Can Brain Drain Justify Immigration Restrictions?

Authors Kieran Oberman
Year 2013
Journal Name ETHICS
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30 Journal Article

Towards a Socio-Economics of the Brain Drain and Distributed Human Capital

Authors Carolina Canibano, Richard Woolley
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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31 Journal Article

Brain drain and brain gain in Europe - An evaluation of the East-European migration to Germany

Authors T Straubhaar, MR Wolburg
Year 1999
Journal Name JAHRBUCHER FUR NATIONALOKONOMIE UND STATISTIK
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32 Journal Article

Towards a Socio-Economics of the Brain Drain and Distributed Human Capital

Authors Carolina Canibano, Richard Woolley
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 12
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33 Journal Article

The impact of brain drain in underserved countries: implementing a global ethical leadership approach

Authors Marie-Lyne Grenier
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MIGRATION HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE
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34 Journal Article

Transatlantic Roundtable on High-skilled Migration and Sending Countries Issues

Authors Said Ouaked
Year 2002
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 27
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35 Journal Article

Comparative Analysis of Brain Drain, Brain Circulation and Brain Retain: A Case Study of Indian Institutes of Technology

Authors Roli Varma, Deepak Kapur
Year 2013
Journal Name JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE POLICY ANALYSIS
Citations (WoS) 6
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36 Journal Article

The impact of brain drain in underserved countries: implementing a global ethical leadership approach

Authors Marie-Lyne Grenier
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MIGRATION HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE
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37 Journal Article

Of Skilled Migration, Brain Drains and Policy Responses

Authors Ronald Skeldon
Year 2009
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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38 Journal Article

Brain circulation, diaspora and scientific progress: A study of the international migration of Chinese scientists, 1998-2006

Authors Tian Fangmeng
Year 2016
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
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39 Journal Article

Contributing Factors to Migration Growth Among Iranian Students: Drivers of Migration to Malaysia

Authors Ali Kazemi, Abdolvahab Baghbanian, Mohammad Mahmoudi Maymand, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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40 Journal Article

Die IAB brain-drain Daten

Authors S. Capuano, Herbert Brücker, A. Marfouk
Description
Die IAB Datenerhebung zur internationalen Migration wurde im Rahmen des TEMPO Projekts (TEmporary Migration, integration and the role of POlicies) durchgeführt. Das Projekt wurde von NORFACE (New Opportunities for Research Funding Agency Co-operation in Europe) finanziert. Hierbei handelt es sich um einen europäischen Zusammenschluss von 15 Forschungseinrichtungen mit dem Ziel das Wissen über die Ursachen und Wirkungen der internationalen Migration zu erweitern. Spezielle Schwerpunkte enthalten Forschung zur temporären Migration, Integration von Migranten und Migrationspolitik. Das IAB war verantwortlich für den Aufbau eines Makrodatensatzes zur internationalen Migration für 20 OECD-Zielländer nach Geschlecht, Herkunftsland und Bildungsstand, für die Jahre 1980 bis 2010 (5-Jahres-Intervalle). Die oben genannte Datenerhebung wurde in Zusammenarbeit mit Abdeslam Marfouk (ULB, Brüssel) durchgeführt.
Year 1980
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41 Data Set

Brain circulation, diaspora and scientific progress: A study of the international migration of Chinese scientists, 1998-2006

Authors Tian Fangmeng
Year 2016
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
Citations (WoS) 3
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42 Journal Article

Contributing Factors to Migration Growth Among Iranian Students: Drivers of Migration to Malaysia

Authors Ali Kazemi, Abdolvahab Baghbanian, Mohammad Mahmoudi Maymand, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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43 Journal Article

Documenting the Brain Drain of "La Creme de la Creme" Three Case-Studies on International Migration at the Upper Tail of the Education Distribution

Authors Frederic Docquier, Hillel Rapoport
Year 2009
Journal Name JAHRBUCHER FUR NATIONALOKONOMIE UND STATISTIK
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44 Journal Article

The IAB brain-drain data

Description
The IAB data collection on international migration has been carried out within the framework of the TEMPO project (TEmporary Migration, integration and the role of POlicies), a European project financed by NORFACE (New Opportunities for Research Funding Agency Co-operation in Europe), a partnership of 15 research councils established to increase cooperation in research and research policy in Europe. The project has the goal of extend the knowledge of the causes and consequences of international migration with particular focus on themes like temporary migration, migrants’ integration, and migration policies. The IAB has been in charge of building a macro-dataset on international migration to 20 OECD destination countries by gender, country of origin and educational level, for the years 1980-2010 (5 years intervals). The above data collection has been carried out in cooperation with Abdeslam Marfouk (ULB, Brussels).
Year 1980
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45 Data Set

Brain drain, gain and circulation

Authors Zovanga Kone, Çağlar Özden
Year 2017
Book Title Handbook of Globalisation and Development
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46 Book Chapter

The Brain Drain: Emigration and Return.

Year 1980
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
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47 Journal Article

Adding insult to injury: the healthcare brain drain

Authors C. R. Hooper
Year 2008
Journal Name JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ETHICS
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48 Journal Article

Transnationality of Migrants: Enduring ties with the home country and integration in the host country

Principal investigator Herbert Brücker (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Bei dem Projekt handelt es sich um ein internationals Kooperationsprojekt mit 15 Partnern das im Rahmen der Marie Curie Actions Research and Training Activities von der Europäischen Kommission finanziert wird. Die Projektlaufzeit beträgt ab dem 1. Januar 2007 4 Jahre. Das Projekt setzt sich aus Forschungs- und Trainingsaktivitäten zusammen. I. Forschungsaktivitäten Das IAB beteiligt sich an zwei Aufgaben im Projekt: Remittances, the skill composition of migration, and social networks und Migrants integration, regional mobility, social and business networks, and trade. Im ersten Teilprojekt untersucht das IAB gemeinsam mit den Partnern von IRES die Folgen der Migration für Humankapitalinvestitionen und ihre Implikationen für die Qualifikationsstruktur der Migranten. Dafür wird ein Paneldatensatz mit Makrodaten herangezogen der von dem IAB gemeinsam mit dem IRES-Team aufgebaut wurde bzw. aufgebaut wird. Das IAB wird darüber hinaus Mikodatensätze wie die IAB-Beschäftigtenstichprobe den Partnern im Projekt zur Verfügung stellen bzw. bei der Arbeit mit den Partnern beraten. Im zweiten Teilprojekt wird das IAB die Effekte der regionalen Verteilung der Migranten über die Länder untersuchen: Die Determinanten und Ursachen der regionalen Konzentration von Migranten in prosperienden urbanen Regionen, die Substitution der regionalen Migration von Inländern durch internationale Migranten, die Lohneffekte der internationalen Migration in verschiedenen Regionen bei zentralen Tarifverhandlungen. Das IAB wird in diesem Teilprojekt mit dem CEPR-Team und der Universität Turin kooperieren. II. Trainingsaktivitäten Im Rahmen des Projektes wird jedes Jahr eine Summer-School für die Junior-Forscher in dem Exzellenznetzwerk sowie externe Teilnehmer durchgeführt. Die Organisation wird von den italienischen Partnern im Projekt übernommen, das IAB wird sich durch Vorträge und Lehrangebote an dem Programm beteiligen. Ferner wird jährlich ein internationaler Workshop durchgeführt, das IAB ist an der Vorbereitung beteiligt. Schließlich wird das IAB einen oder mehrere Junior-Wissenschaftler aus anderen EU-Staaten einstellen, die on-the-job qualifiziert werden. Projektmethode Das empirische Forschungsprogramm stützt sich überwiegend auf Panelregressionen mit Makrodaten. Makrodaten zur Migration, Qualifikationsstruktur der Migranten sowie Löhne und Beschäftigung nach Ländern und Regionen in der EU. Projektziel Die Analyse des Einflusses der Migration auf Humankapitalinvestitionen, Arbeitsmärkte und die Integration der Migranten."
Year 2006
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49 Project

Divided by class, connected by work: Class divisions among the new wave of Polish migrants in the UK

Authors Paulina Trevena
Year 2011
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne - Przegląd Polonijny
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50 Journal Article

The Brain Drain: Emigration and Return.

Year 1982
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
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51 Journal Article

Brain Drain and Brain Loss: Immigrants to Greece

Authors Theodore P. Lianos
Year 2007
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 7
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52 Journal Article

Asymmetric information and the brain drain

Authors Da-HsiangDonald Lien
Year 1993
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
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53 Journal Article

African Brain Drain and Its Impact on Source Countries: What Do We Know and What Do We Need to Know?

Authors Stella Capuano, Abdeslam Marfouk
Year 2013
Journal Name JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE POLICY ANALYSIS
Citations (WoS) 5
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54 Journal Article

Emigration of High-Skilled Individuals due to Short-Term Contracts

Description
This proposal presents a study of the EXODUS of exceptionally gifted individuals due to the increased utilization of short-term contracts. The primary objective is to study the impact of Italian labour market reforms, specifically those related to the regulation and utilization of short-term employment contracts, on the departure of skilled workers towards other countries, which typically offer more and better opportunities (brain drain). Theoretically, the utilization of short-term contracts could help increase labor force participation, employment, efficiency and labour market opportunities. However, if not regulated in integration with the specific institutional framework, short-term contracts might generate undesired effects. By promoting adverse selection, driving the better workers away from the mother country as the less productive workers take up short-term contracts, short-term contracts might actually increase the brain drain. The purpose of EXODUS is to investigate the validity of these concerns and to analyze the way short-term contracts affect the brain drain phenomenon. In particular, EXODUS will focus on investigating the employment condition and behavioral choices of a specific category of workers: young individuals with a high level of education.
Year 2013
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55 Project

Brain Drain from Sri Lankan Universities

Authors Chandra Gunawardena, Rasika Nawaratne
Year 2017
Journal Name SRI LANKA JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
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56 Journal Article

Brain Drain and Brain Gain: The Global Competition to Attract High-skilled Migrants / The Cultural Politics of Talent Migration in East Asia

Authors Daniel Jendrissek
Year 2014
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
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57 Journal Article

Debating Brain Drain - May Governments Restrict Emigration?

Authors Christine Straehle
Year 2017
Journal Name Developing World Bioethics
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58 Journal Article

Is the medical brain drain beneficial? Evidence from overseas doctors in the UK

Authors Marl Kangasniemi, L. Alan Winters, Simon Commander
Year 2007
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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59 Journal Article

Emigracja zarobkowa i powrót do kraju w doświadczeniach współczesnych Polaków. Studium socjopedagogiczne

Principal investigator Magdalena Piorunek ()
Description
Przez wiele lat Polska była krajem emigracji, krajem wysyłającym do innych krajów Europy Zachodniej. Kiedy Polska stała się członkiem Unii Europejskiej tylko trzy kraje otworzyły od razu swoje rynki pracy, były to Anglia, Irlandia i Szwecja. W 2006 roku polscy obywatele mogli podejmować legalne zatrudnienie w kolejnych krajach- Finlandii, Grecji, Włoszech, Portugalii czy Hiszpanii. Badania podjęte w niniejszej rozprawie dotyczą młodych Polaków pracujących za granicą. Jednym z problemów poruszonych w pracy jest próba odpowiedzi na pytanie czy wyjazd emigracyjny posłużył poprawie ich życia, Co znaczą dla nich emigracyjne doświadczenia? Czy są szczęśliwi i jak często odwiedzają rodzinę pozostającą w Polsce? Jaki rodzaj pracy wykonują na emigracji? I czy wykonywana przez nich praca jest zgodna z uzyskanym przez młodych emigrantów doświadczeniem? Kolejnym zagadnieniem poruszanym w pracy jest aspekt drenażu mózgów w odniesieniu do współczesnego zjawiska „cyrkulacji mózgów” i ich marnotrawstwa. Młodzi Polacy relacjonują w badanych, iż emigracyjny wyjazd spowodował, iż zminimalizowaniu uległy ich finansowe problemy, iż wzrosło ich poczucie sprawstwa. Przyjęta koncepcja pracy powoduje, iż jej struktura składa się z trzech części. W pierwszej (rozdział I i II) zawarto teoretyczne konstrukty opisywanego zjawiska. W drugiej (rozdział III) przedstawione zostały założenia metodologiczne projektu badawczego, w trzeciej zaś części (rozdział IV i V) - uzyskane drogą weryfikacji empirycznych wnioski i ich podsumowanie. Pierwszy rozdział przybliżyć ma, oprócz charakterystycznych dla XXI wieku kwestii związanych z globalizacją, także stricte teoretyczny - terminologiczny aspekt migracji międzynarodowych. Świat doby globalizacji oraz jego relacji wobec migracji międzynarodowych, został ukazany w kontekście społecznym, kulturowym i gospodarczym. Poruszono także kwestię transnacjonalizmu w migracyjnym wymiarze. Zważywszy na fakt, iż przedmiotem zainteresowania niniejszej dysertacji są migracje poakcesyjne, sporo miejsca poświecono także regulacjom związanym z polityką rynku pracy w Unii Europejskiej. Dokonano następnie przeglądu i charakterystyki ruchów migracyjnych, a także teorii migracji i jej faz. W kolejnej części rozważań, uwagę skoncentrowano na specyfice polskiej emigracji zagranicznej oraz migracji powrotnej, ukazując jej aspekt historyczny oraz dynamikę zmian. Całość wzbogacona została komentarzami płynącymi z najnowszych badań, które opisują trendy charakteryzujące współczesną poakcesyjna emigracje z Polski. Wybrane aspekty socjopedagogicznego dyskursu nad emigracją poakcesyjną uczyniono kolejnym elementem rozdziału. Zwrócono w nim uwagę na zjawisko deprecjacji kwalifikacji- ich marnotrawstwa, (jednakże wbrew potocznym opiniom) w kontekście swoistej życiowej zaradności, będącej wyrazem determinacji mającej na celu poprawę losu jednostek, bez względu na charakter podjętego przez nie zatrudnienia. W tej części podjęto się także rozważań na temat istoty, alarmistycznie opisywanego drenażu mózgów, w kontekście poakcesyjnej emigracji i tego, czy stanowi dla Polski i jej obywateli realne zagrożenie. Ponowoczesna migracyjna sieć wsparcia i jej nowa jakość w postaci blogosfery- jako „natychmiastowego panaceum na wszelkie migracyjne dolegliwości” to kolejne z omówionych zagadnieniem. Na koniec rozważań teoretycznych pochylono się nad kwestią i modelami polskich migracji powrotnych, ich konsekwencjami i wynikającymi z nich zagrożeniami. Trzeci rozdział posłużył przedstawieniu podstaw metodologicznych, przeprowadzonych metodą sondażu diagnostycznego (z wykorzystaniem złożonego z trzech części kwestionariusza ankiety) badań, których wyniki i analiza zaprezentowane zostały w następnych częściach pracy – w rozdziale czwartym i piątym - prezentując społeczno – demograficzny profil poakcesyjnego migranta. Część ta obejmuje analizę głównych motywów wyjazdu i powrotu, dynamikę biograficznych doświadczeń polskich migrantów, z uwzględnieniem takich aspektów ludzkiej biografii jak: -doświadczenia zawodowe, -struktura oraz funkcjonowanie rodzin migracyjnych, (z perspektywy emigranta) -struktura racji działania dotycząca różnych aspektów decyzyjnych w biografii migrantów, -asocjacje towarzyszące Polakom powracającym z emigracji zarobkowej, -trudności adaptacyjne podczas emigracji i po powrocie z niej, -struktura sieci społecznego wsparcia i pomocy społecznej w trzech perspektywach czasowych, w których funkcjonowali i funkcjonują emigranci. Ponadto istotnym elementem omawianej części jest ocena migracyjnych doświadczeń, dokonanych przez samych migrantów, będąca próbą bilansu migracyjnego epizodu i jego roli w życiu młodych reemigrantów. Rozdział IV przedstawia zatem wyniki, uzyskanych drogą empirycznych weryfikacji, badań. Ostatni rozdział niniejszej pracy przybliża podsumowanie wniosków będące finalnym efektem badawczych dociekań.
Year 2011
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60 Project

Debating Brain Drain: May Governments Restrict Emigration

Authors John A. Dick
Year 2016
Journal Name ETHICAL PERSPECTIVES
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61 Journal Article

Physician Brain Drain: Can Nothing Be Done?

Authors Nir Eyal, Samia Hurst
Year 2008
Journal Name PUBLIC HEALTH ETHICS
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62 Journal Article

Portrayals of Global Health Worker Migration in Canadian Print News Media: Domestic Concerns vs. Global Awareness

Authors Jen Pylypa
Year 2011
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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64 Journal Article

Brain drain in the age of mass migration: Does relative inequality explain migrant selectivity?

Authors Yvonne Stolz, Joerg Baten
Year 2012
Journal Name EXPLORATIONS IN ECONOMIC HISTORY
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65 Journal Article

The New Economics of the Brain Drain

Authors O. Stark
Year 2005
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66 Working Paper

Debating Brain Drain: May Governments Restrict Emigration?

Authors Peter W. Higgins
Year 2016
Journal Name ETHICS
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67 Journal Article

Return Migration After Brain Drain: A Simulation Approach

Authors Alessio Emanuele Biondo, Alessandro Pluchino, Andrea Rapisarda
Year 2013
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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69 Journal Article

Textbox 1: Circular Migration as a Development Tool: The Mauritian Approach

Authors Anil K. Kokil, Ali Mansoor, Vivekanandsingh Joysuree
Book Title Global Perspectives on Migration and Development
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70 Book Chapter

Return migration as a channel of brain drain

Authors K. Mayr, G. Peri
Year 2012
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71 Working Paper

India: ‘Brain Drain’ or the Migration of Talent?

Authors T. K. OOMMEN
Year 1989
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 17
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72 Journal Article

United States Immigration Laws and the Brain Drain

Authors THOMAS L. BERNARD
Year 1970
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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73 Journal Article

Remittances Data. Migration and Remittances Data

Description
Dataset on remittances data including incoming and outgoing flows, monthly remittances data of selected countries, and estimates of bilateral migration and medical ‘brain drain’ for over 200 countries. The factbook is published every 2 to 3 years.
Year 1970
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74 Data Set

Comment on Brock and Blake: debating brain drain

Authors Phil Cole
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ETHICS
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75 Journal Article

Extending the Case for a Beneficial Brain Drain

Authors Simone Bertoli, Herbert Bruecker
Year 2011
Journal Name JAHRBUCHER FUR NATIONALOKONOMIE UND STATISTIK
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76 Journal Article

'Garang's Seeds': Influences on the Return of Sudanese-Canadian Refugee Physicians to Post-Conflict South Sudan

Authors Juli L. . Finlay, Rodney A. Crutcher, Neil M. Drummond
Year 2011
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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77 Journal Article

'Garang's Seeds': Influences on the Return of Sudanese-Canadian Refugee Physicians to Post-Conflict South Sudan

Authors Juli L. . Finlay, Rodney A. Crutcher, Neil Drummond
Year 2011
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 4
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78 Journal Article

Igbo professional migratory orders, hometown associations and ethnicity in the USA

Authors RACHEL REYNOLDS
Year 2009
Journal Name GLOBAL NETWORKS-A JOURNAL OF TRANSNATIONAL AFFAIRS
Citations (WoS) 4
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79 Journal Article

The reverse transfer of technology from sub-saharan Africa: The case of Zimbabwe

Authors BI Logan
Year 1999
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 7
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81 Journal Article

Brain Drain from Turkey: Return Intentions of Skilled Migrants

Authors Nil Demet Gungor, Aysit Tansel
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 16
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82 Journal Article

Selective Migration for and ‘Brain Drain’ from Latin America

Authors G. BEIJER
Year 1966
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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83 Journal Article

Brain drain and economic growth: theory and evidence

Authors M. Beine, F. Docquier, H. Rapoport
Year 2001
Journal Name Journal of Development Economics
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84 Journal Article

Modernization for Emigration: Determinants & Consequences of the Brain Drain

Authors A Portes, Adrienne Celaya
Year 2013
Journal Name DAEDALUS
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85 Journal Article

The reverse transfer of technology from sub-saharan Africa: The case of Zimbabwe

Authors BI Logan
Year 1999
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
87 Journal Article

Brain Drain from Turkey: Return Intentions of Skilled Migrants

Authors Nil Demet Gungor, Aysit Tansel
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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88 Journal Article

Returning to Malaysia?

Authors Sin Yee Koh
Book Title Race, Education, and Citizenship
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
89 Book Chapter

The economics of international migration: A short history of the debate

Authors TJ Hatton
Year 2014
Journal Name LABOUR ECONOMICS
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90 Journal Article

The economics of international migration: A short history of the debate

Authors TJ Hatton
Year 2014
Journal Name LABOUR ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 12
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91 Journal Article

TACKLING THE BRAIN DRAIN FROM ROMANIA'S HEALTH WORKFORCE PROBLEM ANALYSIS AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS

Authors Emilia Chiscop
Year 2013
Journal Name REVISTA ROMANA DE BIOETICA
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92 Journal Article

Exploring the asylum-migration nexus in the context of health professional migration

Authors Emma Stewart
Year 2008
Journal Name GEOFORUM
Citations (WoS) 8
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93 Journal Article

A 2ND-PHASE DIASPORA - SOUTH-AFRICAN MIGRATION TO AUSTRALIA

Authors SP RULE
Year 1994
Journal Name GEOFORUM
Citations (WoS) 10
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95 Journal Article

Does corruption promote emigration? An empirical examination

Authors Arusha Cooray, Friedrich Schneider
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 13
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96 Journal Article

Hidden gender dimensions of the brain drain: the case of Turkey

Authors Adem Yavuz Elveren, Gulay Toksoz
Year 2019
Journal Name NEW PERSPECTIVES ON TURKEY
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97 Journal Article

Brain drain: Do economic conditions "push" doctors out of developing countries?

Authors Edward N. Okeke
Year 2013
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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98 Journal Article

Circulating Capitals Between Poland and Scotland: a Transnational Perspective on European Labour Mobility

Authors Marta Moskal
Year 2012
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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99 Journal Article

THE "BRAIN DRAIN" PROBLEM: MIGRATING MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS AND GLOBAL HEALTH CARE

Authors Ruth Groenhout
Year 2012
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FEMINIST APPROACHES TO BIOETHICS
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100 Journal Article
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