Belgium

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Country report : Belgium

Authors Marie-Claire FOBLETS, Zeynep YANASMAYAN
Year 2010
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2 Report

Report on political participation of mobile EU citizens : Belgium

Authors Daniela Vintila, Jean-Michel Lalfleur, Louise Nikolic
Description
En Belgique, les citoyens de l’UE et les ressortissants de pays tiers ont le droit de voter aux élections locales. Les ressortissants de pays tiers jouissent de ce droit après cinq ans de résidence ininterrompue en Belgique. Les citoyens de l’UE ont également le droit de se présenter comme candidat aux élections locales. De plus, ces derniers ont le droit de voter et de se présenter comme candidats aux élections européennes. Les droits électoraux des citoyens belges résidant à l’étranger sont plus restrictifs. En effet, les citoyens non-résidents ont le droit de voter mais pas de se présenter comme candidats aux élections législatives. Les citoyens belges ont également le droit de voter aux élections européennes s’ils résident dans un pays membre de l’UE ou dans un pays tiers mais seuls les Belges résidant dans un autre Etat Membre de l’UE peuvent se présenter comme candidats. En Belgique, une fois inscrits, tous les électeurs sont obligés de voter. Malgré les campagnes de sensibilisation menées par différentes institutions et des associations de la société civile lors des dernières élections, une difficulté majeure à laquelle restent confrontés les électeurs est le manque d’information concernant les procédures d’inscription et le processus politique de manière plus générale. Une manière d’encourager la participation politique des résidents non-belges serait de formaliser les stratégies de diffusion de l’information et de communiquer avec les nouveaux résidents dans différentes langues.
Year 2018
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4 Report

Indian migration to Belgium

Authors Sara COSEMANS, Idesbald GODDEERIS
Description
This paper discusses the Indian presence in Belgium. First, it introduces the reader to the different groups by providing a historical overview of their presence in the country. Afterwards, it discusses the diaspora in a more quantitative way and presents the available statistics of recent years. Finally, it focuses on issues such as their associations and religious life.
Year 2013
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5 Report

Restrictions on Access to Social Protection by New Southern European Migrants in Belgium

Authors Mikolaj Stanek, Jean-Michel Lafleur
Book Title South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
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6 Book Chapter

Outcast or Embraced? Clusters of Foreign Immigrants in Belgium, c. 1840-1890

Principal investigator Anne Winter (Coordinator), Kenneth Bertrams (Partner), Hilde Greefs (Partner), Bart Willems (Partner)
Description
This project aims to investigate the scale and nature of socio-cultural encounters and confrontations that emanated from foreign migration to Belgium between c. 1840 and 1890 by cross- and interdisciplinary analysis and valorization of a series of exceptionally rich but underexploited series of the federal historical heritage. Situated at the crossroads of migration history, maritime history and the history of science and technology and of social policy, this project employs these sources to map the characteristics of foreign migration streams to Belgium and to gain insight into their varied interactions with their host society. It focuses on an exceptional period in European and Belgian history, that was characterized by rising mobility and increasing economic integration, but also witnessed the emergence of the „modern‟ nation state, in which the distinction between „foreigner‟ and „national‟ became more important. The project aims (1) to map the scale, chronology and profiles of foreign migration to 19th-century Belgium, and (2) to investigate the political, economic, social and cultural dimensions of interactions of foreigners with different layers of Belgian society. Its underlying assumption is that increasing international mobility and circulation – rather than one-off migration – had a profound influence on the economic, political, cultural and social history of 19th-century Europe in general, and Belgium in particular. The research results from this project will therefore not only contribute to a better insight into the „national‟ history of Belgium, but will also provide major contributions to several international debates in migration history, including on the nature of a so-called „mobility transition‟ (Lucassen & Lucassen 2009), the interactions between state policies and migration patterns (Noiriel 1998; Rosental 2011), the role of migration „chains‟ and networks (Wegge 1998; Lesger et al. 2002), the international dimensions of the „knowledge economy‟ (Black 2013), and the long-term integration of international labour markets (Hatton & Williamson 2006).
Year 2014
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7 Project

The impact of the conflict in Gaza on antisemitism in Belgium

Authors D Jacobs, BH HERMAN, Yoann Veny, ...
Year 2011
Journal Name Patterns of Prejudice
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8 Journal Article

Access to electoral rights : Belgium

Authors Jean-Michel LAFLEUR
Year 2013
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9 Report

Naturalisations procedures for immigrants : Belgium

Authors Patrick WAUTELET
Year 2013
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10 Report

Les nouveaux enjeux des migrations en Belgique

Year 2013
Journal Name Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales (REMI)
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11 Journal Article

Des études post-coloniales de Belgique?

Description
Ce programme de recherche vise le repérage dans le champ des migrations, des dynamiques et logiques postcoloniales. Plusieurs axes de recherche permettront la mise à jour de ces processus dans les espaces politiques, religieux et associatifs. La recomposition des migrations congolaises vers l’Amérique du nord est également considérée étant donnée la perte de centralité de l’ancienne métropole coloniale qu’elle engage et signifie.
Year 2011
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12 Project

Jobs for immigrants (Vol. 2)

Authors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Description
Labour Market Integration in Belgium, France, the Netherlands and Portugal
Year 2008
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13 Report

Onderzoek naar de impact van buurtinitiatieven

Description
De Universiteit van Leuven (KUL) is, met hulp van de Universiteit van Luik (ULg), gestart met een onderzoek om de impact van de buurtinitiatieven van de opvangcentra te meten.Elk opvangcentrum in België organiseert tal van activiteiten om zich als open centrum zo goed mogelijk te integreren in de omgeving: opendeurdagen, vrijwilligersacties, theatervoorstellingen, workshops, enz. Met de ‘buurtinitiatieven’ streven de centra naar een positieve houding bij de Belgische bevolking ten aanzien van de opvangcentra voor asielzoekers en naar een correcte, realistische beeldvorming over ‘de asielzoeker’.5 casestudies Na meer dan tien jaar zijn het beleid en de beleidsinstrumenten aan een evaluatie toe. Daarom financeert Fedasil een onderzoek, dat zal worden uitgevoerd door KU Leuven, in samenwerking met de universiteit van Luik (ULg). Tijdens het onderzoek worden vijf opvangcentra onder de loep genomen: Dendermonde, Sint-Truiden en Pondrôme (Fedasil), Mechelen (Rode Kruis) en Ukkel (Croix-Rouge). Voor elk centrum worden er data verzameld via een buurtbevraging (postenquête bij buurtbewoners), een focusgroep en een interview met de directeur en de buurtwerker.Aan de hand van dit onderzoek wordt een antwoord gezocht op enkele belangrijke vragen. Wat is het bereik en de impact van de buurtinitiatieven? Gaan de omwonenden regelmatig naar een opendeurdag of filmavond in het opvangcentrum? Hebben zij een impact op de omwonenden? Neemt eventuele weerstand af door de activiteiten die de centra organiseren?Na afloop van het onderzoek zal de KU Leuven een aantal aanbevelingen formuleren om het huidige beleid te verbeteren. De bevraging loopt tot het einde van het jaar 2016.
Year 2016
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14 Project

Corridor report on Belgium : the case of Moroccan and Turkish immigrants

Authors Sonia GSIR, Jérémy MANDIN, Elsa MESCOLI, ...
Description
This brief report on the INTERACT project findings regarding Turkish and Moroccan migrants in Belgium.
Year 2015
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15 Report

Ethnic Educational Inequality: The Role of Neighbourhood Contexts

Principal investigator Fenella Fleischmann (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Theoretical background and objectives Comparative research on ethnic educational inequalities has repeatedly shown that Belgium is one of the countries with the most severe ethnic penalties in education (Marks, 2005; OECD, 2006, 2007). This project tests contextual explanations for educational disadvantages among the second generation in Belgium, since common explanations from a comparative stratification perspective in terms of social background or family resources could not fully explain lower attainment levels among the Turkish and Moroccan second generation in Belgium (Phalet, Deboosere and Bastiaenssen). The first study looks at the role of ethnic composition in the municipality as a proxy for ethnic capital and compares different concepts of ethnic composition both theoretically and empirically. The second study asks to what extent the positive ethnic density effect found in the first study is conditional on neighbourhood structure, arguing that dense social networks with co-ethnics are more easily developed and maintained and yield more returns for educational success in more stable, higher quality neighbourhoods. Research design, data and methodology Multilevel analysis is applied to individual data from the 1991 Belgian Census and contextual data of all Belgian municipalities in order to examine contextual influences on ethnic educational inequality. Findings The first study shows that the percentage of ethnic minorities goes together with lower school completion rates among the Belgian majority population, but the effects are inconsistent among the three largest ethnic minority groups in Belgium, the Italian, Moroccan and Turkish second generation. In contrast, ethnic density, i.e., the presence of co-ethnics in the municipality, is positively associated with school completion in minority as well as majority groups. The second study reveals that ethnic density and neighbourhood quality overlap strongly among majority Belgians and the Moroccan second generation, albeit with opposite sign, such that the absence of ethnic minorities goes together with more favourable neighbourhood structure, while concentrations of Moroccans occur in the least attractive neighbourhoods. Among the Turkish and Italian second generation, we find, as expected, that the effects of ethnic density depend on neighbourhood stability and quality. These results confirm differential trajectories of integration of the three largest ethnic minorities in Belgium."
Year 2007
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16 Project

“Allochthones” in the Netherlands and Belgium

Authors Dirk Jacobs, Andrea Rea
Year 2012
Journal Name International Migration
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17 Journal Article

La nuova immigrazione italiana in Belgio

Authors Marco Martiniello, Alessandro Mazzola, Andrea Rea
Year 2017
Journal Name Centro Studi Emigrazione
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18 Journal Article

An overview of integration policies in Belgium

Authors Jérémy MANDIN
Description
The objective of the paper is to provide a brief review of Belgian migrants integration policies and actors. Three issues are addressed in this paper: the question of public discourses and the political agenda on integration in Belgium; the question of the structuring of integration policies in the country; and finally the question of non-state actors and integration policies and practices. Because integration is also a competence of subnational entities of the Belgian federal State, differences appear between integration conception and policies in Flanders (combining multiculturalist and more assimilationist stances) (Jacobs 2004), in the French community (more influenced by the French assimilationist approach), and in Brussels. However, several trends like the focus on language and socio-professional integration seems to be present in both Flemish- and French-speaking communities even if the policies to achieve those objectives are different. Finally, the paper will try to show the diversity of actors involved in integration practices in Belgium and more specifically the importance of local actors (cities, local associations, migrant associations, etc.).
Year 2014
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20 Report

The Scope and the Legal Limits of the ‘Immigration Federalism’: Some comparative remarks from the American, Belgian and the Italian experiences

Authors Davide STRAZZARI
Year 2012
Journal Name European journal of legal studies, 2016, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 211-249
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22 Journal Article

Improving the Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Belgium

Authors Á. Pina, V. Corluy, G. Verbist
Year 2015
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23 Working Paper

Corridor report on Belgium : the case of Moroccan and Turkish immigrants

Authors Sonia GSIR, Jérémy MANDIN, Elsa MESCOLI
Description
This report compares two important corridor migrations to Belgium in order to better understand the variation in several dimensions of Turkish and Moroccan immigrants’ integration – in particular, labour market, education and citizenship. It is based on an original methodology combining three different data sources (an analysis of the legal and political frameworks, a quantitative analysis, and a survey). It aims to test the INTERACT project’s main hypothesis which conceives of integration as a three-way process. This report provides insight on integration from the immigration country perspective but also from the countries of origin; it appraises the impact that Turkey and Morocco may have on the integration of their migrants in Belgium. The main findings are the following. Firstly, the countries of origin may have an impact on integration when emigration starts. Secondly, countries of origin may have a positive or negative impact on some integration dimensions (citizenship) but no obvious impact on others (education and labour market). In their efforts to maintain and develop links and to protect migrants’ rights abroad, countries of origin can thus facilitate integration, but indirectly.
Year 2015
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26 Report

delete: Recent trends in migrants' flows and stocks

Authors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Description
Recent trends in migrants' flows and stocks 2005, 2010, 2015, 2016, 2017 Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.
Year 2018
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28 Data Set

Report on political participation of mobile EU citizens : Belgium

Authors Cristina Daniela VINTILA, Jean-Michel LAFLEUR, Louise NIKOLIC
Description
This report explores challenges to political participation of mobile EU citizens in Belgium. It discusses electoral rights of non-resident citizens and non-citizen residents from the EU in European Parliament and local elections. The report also offers recommendations on how to increase political participation of mobile EU citizens in this country.
Year 2018
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29 Report

Recent trends in migrants' flows and stocks

Authors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Description
Recent trends in migrants' flows and stocks 2005, 2010, 2015, 2016, 2017 Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.
Year 2018
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30 Data Set

Training for InteGrating Refugees in Euregio

Description
Funded by Interreg, partners from Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium are designing a modular training program for people who work with refugees and migrants. The main focus of the training are: intercultural communication, assistance and support of refugees and mirgrants, and resilience. First results of the project are on hand. The trainings will start in spring 2020.
Year 2018
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31 Project

Refugees for Refugees: Musicians between Confinement and Perspectives

Authors Hélène Sechehaye, Marco Martiniello
Year 2019
Journal Name Arts
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32 Journal Article

Political Opportunity Structures (POS)

Description
The database consists of data on the political opportunity structure (POS) in 7 Western European countries (Austria, Belgium, Ireland, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, and United Kingdom) between 1990 and 2009. A number of indicators are included to cover generic and issue-specific political opportunity structures (immigration-related). The data were collected as part of the FP7-funded project Support and Opposition to Migration.
Year 2010
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33 Data Set

Transnationalisme, Dynamiques Identitaires et Diversification Culturelle en situations urbaines post-migratoires

Principal investigator Marco Martiniello (Coordinator), Hassan Bousetta (Partner), Sonia Gsir (Researcher), Caroline Zickgraf (Researcher)
Description
TRICUD aims at better understanding some of the reciprocal relationships between migration and change. The principal objective is indeed to better understand how migration transforms both sending societies in the South and receiving societies in the North. It is widely acknowledged that international migration has always been a cause as well as a result of economic, political, social and cultural change. It is a key dimension of globalisation. It affects, the dynamics of identities, the process of cultural diversification and social representations in urban settings both in the North and South. Migration has also prompted the formation of transnational social spaces connecting home and destination countries. This phenomenon is observable between Belgium and some of the countries of origin of its migrant population. The Democratic Republic of Congo and Morocco are in this respect two strategic case-studies. In order to better understand the dynamics of identities, the processes of cultural diversification and the dynamics of representations in urban settings affected by international migration and immigrants’ transnational practices both in Belgium and in two immigrant sending countries, the research will be carried out along three main directions, which consist in the 3 research projects are the post-migratory city and transnational flows, the dynamics of identities and the process of cultural diversification.
Year 2009
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36 Project

The attitude-achievement paradox in Belgium: An examination of school attitudes of ethnic minority students

Authors Fanny D'hondt, Mieke Van Houtte, Peter A. J. Stevens, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name Acta Sociologica
Citations (WoS) 4
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37 Journal Article

Defying the traditional theses: Intergovernmental relations on immigrant integration in Belgium

Authors Ilke Adam
Year 2019
Journal Name Regional and Federal Studies
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38 Journal Article

I profili della neo-mobilità giovanile italiana in Belgio

Authors Alessandro Mazzola, Marco Martiniello, Elsa Mescoli
Year 2018
Book Title Rapporto Italiani nel Mondo 2018
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39 Book Chapter

Évaluation du parcours d’intégration

Description
L’évaluation sollicitée est une évaluation qualitative de l’impact du parcours d’intégration et du dispositif d’insertion socioprofessionnel pour les primo-arrivants. L’objectif de l’évaluation est essentiellement de nature formative : faire des recommandations qui soient des pistes pour améliorer l’organisation du parcours d’intégration au sein et entre structures délivrant des services pour les personnes primo-arrivantes afin de favoriser l’intégration telle que définie par le décret. Un autre objectif est d’étudier la pertinence des actions menées en regard des besoins exprimés par les personnes primo-arrivantes.
Year 2018
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40 Project

Travailler ou étudier: là n'est pas la question. Analyse des modes de subsistance d'étudiants juifs d'Europe de l'Est en Belgique (1918-1940)

Authors Pascale FALEK
Year 2010
Journal Name Les Cahiers du Judaïsme, 2010, 29, 32-43
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43 Journal Article

The Turkish Community in Austria and Belgium: The Challenge of Integration

Authors Johan Wets
Year 2006
Journal Name Turkish Studies
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44 Journal Article

Patterns of Drug Use among (ethnic and cultural) Minorities

Principal investigator Tom Delcorte (Coordinartor), Dirk Jacobs (Partner), Ilse Derluyn (Partner), Wouter Vanderplasschen (Partner)
Description
Even though attitudes and practices of ethnic minority groups in Belgium have been extensively studied in the last decade, little is known about the prevalence and nature of their substance use (alcohol and illicit drugs). It therefore remains an under-researched topic, especially in Europe (Bashford et al., 2004). One of the main reasons lies in conceptual and methodological issues that complicate research on ethnicity. These issues, combined with the multidimensional nature of drug use, fear of accusations of racism and discrimination, and a general lack of minority ethnic health and social care workers and researchers, have created an environment where the theme of ethnicity, drug use and related service provision has been neglected. A necessary first step towards a holistic approach for these specific populations is to establish accurate information on the extent of drug use and its possible determinants. This project re-unites a multidisciplinary network (sociology, criminology, special education and social work) that has previously performed the Belspo-funded study on ‘Treatment trajectories of drug users from ethnic minorities’ (ZEMIV-project 2006-2007; Derluyn et al., 2008) - aims to help fill this gap. The general objectives of this research are: • to contribute to a better understanding of the prevalence and nature of drug use among ethnic and cultural minorities (ECM) in Belgium; • to unveil the determining factors behind substance use (illicit drugs and alcohol); • to increase ECM capacity in raising awareness about drug issues within the participants’ own communities; • and to assess the needs of ECM and articulate them with the actors responsible for planning services.
Year 2014
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45 Project

Public opinion, mobilizations and policies concerning asylum seekers and refugees in anti-immigrants times (Europe and Belgium)

Principal investigator Andrea Rea (Coordinator), Marco Martiniello (Partner), Bart Meuleman (Partner)
Description
The European challenges in the field of migration have an impact on society, since the division between them opposed to newcomers and welcoming them has been continuously increasing. The project addresses the perceptions of the Belgian and European population about refugees/migrants and vice versa as well as their interactions with the policy agenda of asylum and migration with a European comparative perspective and a specific focus on Belgium. As Europe face important migratory challenges and political difficulties we have seen an increase of the public opinion’s polarisation regarding asylum and refugees, it is important to address this question. Including teams from our project will analyse this polarisation and its links to policies, as it is necessary for a better understanding of the current debate on migration in Europe and Belgium. The 2015 asylum crisis will be considered as indicative of the general European and Belgian citizens’ reactions about migration. The focus is then on attitudes, representations, discourses and practices about refugees, on the interactions at the local level between the majority populations and newly arrived migrants. The project will follow two objectives. First studying public opinion towards asylum seekers and refugees with a European cross- national perspective but also how these groups perceive Belgium, its asylum system and its reception policies. The second objective is to analyse the polarisation of the public opinion by focussing on pro and anti-refugees’ actions at the local level. This will allow understanding the links between public opinion and the implementation of asylum and reception policies. In order to fulfil these objectives, our project is based on 5 Work Packages that each focus on a specific dimension. The first two ones aim at developing a European comparative perspective on perceptions towards migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. This then includes a quantitative analysis of public opinion’s perceptions towards new immigration flows as well as a comparison of 5 European case studies (Sweden, Italy, Grece, Hungary and Germany). The three other work packages aim at a deep analysis of the Belgian situation. First, they consist of understanding actions and reactions towards asylum seekers and refugees at a local level. This implies to study the opposite reactions with an in-depth analysis of their content, justifications and determinants but also to focus on interactions between social groups (pro vs. anti migrants groups; ional citizens & refugees) as well as the interactions between the population’s reaction and the implementation of asylum and receptions policies. Second, studying the Belgian situation implies to analyse asylum seekers and refugees perceptions regarding the country’s asylum and reception policies. Lastly, it implies to realise a policy evaluation of those policies.
Year 2017
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47 Project

Defining success in education: Exploring the frames of reference used by different voluntary migrant groups in Belgium

Authors Lore Van Praag, Mieke Van Houtte, Peter A. J. Stevens
Year 2015
Journal Name International Journal of Intercultural Relations
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48 Journal Article

Unveiling international environmental migration and the migration-adaptation nexus. A Belgian case-study

Principal investigator François Gemenne (Coordinator), Edwin Zaccai (Partner), Christiane Timmerman (Partner), Théodore Trefon (Partner)
Description
First, the project will investigate the role of the environment as a driver for recent migration to Belgium. While the influence of climate, change on migration cannot be isolated; the project will rather attempt to provide an assessment on how migrants perceive the environment to have influenced their migration journey as well as how they perceive current environmental disruption in their countries of origin. Second, MIGRADAPT will seek to understand the effects of international migration on the vulnerability of the migrants' communities of origin. How and under which conditions is migration supporting the adaptation and resilience of communities affected by environmental changes?
Year 2017
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49 Project

Muslims’ religiosity and views on religion in six Western European countries: does national context matter?

Authors Corinne Torrekens, Dirk Jacobs
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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50 Journal Article

Evaluation of the Immigrant Citizens Survey

Description
The project, coordinated by the King Baudouin Foundation, and the research, coordinated by the Migration Policy Group, involves ICMPD as evaluators of a recent survey of immigrants in seven European countries: Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Hungary, Portugal and Spain. The "Immigrant Citizens Survey" asks legally resident third country nationals to assess their own needs and evaluate how these needs have and could be met by public interventions. The survey addresses several areas of integration: the labour market and recognition of qualifications, family life, security of residence, access to general services, education, civic participation, access to nationality, and anti-discrimination and profiling.
Year 2012
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51 Project

Gender Dynamics in the Context of Turkish Marriage Migration: The Case of Belgium

Authors Christiane Timmerman
Year 2006
Journal Name Turkish Studies
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52 Journal Article

Construction and Import of Ethnic Categorisations: 'Allochthones' in The Netherlands and Belgium

Authors Dirk Jacobs, Andrea Rea
Journal Name SSRN Electronic Journal
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54 Journal Article

The Integration of the Second Generation

Principal investigator Maurice Crul (Principal Investigator), Jens Schneider (Principal Investigator), Maren Wilmes (Principal Investigator), Inken Sürig (Principal Investigator)
Description
"TIES (The Integration of the European Second Generation) nahm seinen Anfang im Jahr 2005 als Forschungsprojekt zur zweiten Generation in acht EU-Staaten unter der Leitung des Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies (IMES) der Universität Amsterdam und des Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI). Die TIES-Studie richtet sich auf die Nachkommen von Einwanderern aus der Türkei, Jugoslawien (Nachkommen jugoslawischer „Gastarbeiter“) und Marokko, wobei die „zweite Generation“ gefasst wird als die Kinder von Einwanderern, die im Einwanderungsland der Eltern geboren wurden und leben. Zum Zeitpunkt der Erhebung waren die Befragten zwischen 18 und 35 Jahre alt. Daneben wurde eine Kontrollgruppe von Probanden „nicht-migrantischer“ Herkunft interviewt. Da es sich bei Migration um ein größtenteils urbanes Phänomen handelt, wurde die Studie in 15 Städten in acht EU-Ländern durchgeführt: Paris und Straßburg in Frankreich, Berlin und Frankfurt am Main in Deutschland, Madrid und Barcelona in Spanien, Wien und Linz in Österreich, Amsterdam und Rotterdam in den Niederlanden, Brüssel und Antwerpen in Belgien, Zürich und Basel in der Schweiz und Stockholm in Schweden. In fast allen Städten wurden jeweils drei verschiedene Gruppen unterschiedlicher ethnisch-nationaler Herkunft befragt, namentlich zwei Gruppen der zweiten Generation und eine Kontrollgruppe autochthoner Herkunft. Die jeweiligen Gruppen der zweiten Generation waren türkischer und marokkanischer Herkunft in den Niederlanden und Belgien sowie türkischer und jugoslawischer Herkunft in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. In Frankreich und Schweden wurde nur die zweite Generation türkischer Herkunft und die Kontrollgruppe untersucht, in Spanien nur Marokkaner der zweiten Generation und die Kontrollgruppe. Die TIES-Studiengruppe bestand aus neun nationalen Partnern und einer internationalen Koordinationseinheit. Die deutsche Volkswagen-Stiftung stellte die Mittel für eine Kernuntersuchung unter Türken zweiter Generation in fünf Ländern zur Verfügung stellte. Zusätzliche nationale und internationale Förderung insbesondere durch ESF ECRP und die Bertelsmann-Stiftung gestattete die Ausweitung der TIES-Erhebung auf drei weitere Länder und die Einbeziehung zweier weiterer Befragtengruppen."
Year 2006
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56 Project

How humor makes or breaks student-teacher relationships: A classroom ethnography in Belgium

Authors Lore Van Praag, Peter A.J. Stevens, Mieke Van Houtte
Year 2017
Journal Name Teaching and Teacher Education
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59 Journal Article

Transnational Health Insurances as Social Remittances: The Case of Congolese Immigrants in Belgium

Authors Jean-Michel Lafleur, Olivier Lizin
Year 2016
Book Title Migration and Social Remittances in a Global Europe
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60 Book Chapter

Working for Legality: Employment and Migrant Regularization in Europe

Authors Sebastien Chauvin, Blanca Garces-Mascarenas, Albert Kraler
Year 2013
Journal Name International Migration
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61 Journal Article

Why do states enfranchise citizens abroad? Comparative insights from Mexico, Italy and Belgium

Authors JEAN-MICHEL LAFLEUR
Year 2011
Journal Name Global Networks
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62 Journal Article

Vrouwen in hedendaagse migraties. Een analyse van de feminisering van de migratie naar België

Authors Christiane Timmerman, Marco Martiniallo, Andrea Rea, ...
Year 2012
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63 Book

India-EU migration : the social security rights of Indian nationals moving to and within the European Union

Authors A. P. (Anne Pieter) VAN DER MEI
Description
With the intensification of the economic relationships between India and the European Union (EU) labour mobility from India to the EU is bound to increase in the forthcoming years. This mobility raises numerous questions not only as regards immigration and labour market access, but also in relation to social social security. This paper focuses on the social security status of Indian nationals moving to EU Member States for employment reasons. It presents and analyses, first, the EU’s internal social security coordination regime with a view to establishing the social security status of third country nationals, and Indian workers in particular, moving between EU Member States and, second, the external coordination applicable to Indian nationals, moving from India to individual EU Member States (Belgium and the Netherlands) for employment reasons.
Year 2013
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66 Report

Mobilizations and Opinions Regarding Asylum Seekers, Refugees and Undocumented Migrants in Belgium: Frames, Motivations and Actions

Authors Elsa Mescoli, Marije Reidsma, Elien Diels, ...
Year 2019
Book Title The refugee reception crisis in Europe. Polarized opinions and mobilizations
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72 Book Chapter

Divided on Immigration, Two models for Integration.: The Multilevel Governance of Immigration and Integration in Belgium

Year 2014
Book Title The Politics of Immigration in Multilevel States, Governance and Political Parties
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73 Book Chapter

Estimating party positions on immigration: Assessing the reliability and validity of different methods

Authors Didier Ruedin, Laura Morales
Year 2019
Journal Name Party Politics
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75 Journal Article

Earning citizenship. Economic criteria for naturalisation in nine EU countries

Authors Jeremias Stadlmair
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EUROPEAN STUDIES
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76 Journal Article

How Ideological Attitudes Predict Host Society Members' Attitudes toward Immigrants: Exploring Cross-National Differences

Authors J. Christopher Cohrs, Monika Stelzl
Year 2010
Journal Name JOURNAL OF SOCIAL ISSUES
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78 Journal Article

Migration policy reforms in the context of economic and political crises: the case of Belgium

Authors Sonia Gsir, Jean-Michel Lafleur, Mikolaj Stanek
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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79 Journal Article

“Unpacking” the Identity-to-Politics Link: The Effects of Social Identification on Voting Among Muslim Immigrants in Western Europe

Authors Maria Kranendonk, Floris Vermeulen, Anja van Heelsum
Year 2018
Journal Name Political Psychology
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81 Journal Article

Independence referendums : who should vote and who should be offered citizenship?

Authors Ruvi ZIEGLER, Jo SHAW, Rainer BAUBÖCK
Year 2014
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86 Working Paper

Demand in the context of trafficking in human beings in the domestic work sector in Belgium

Authors Beatriz CAMARGO MAGALHÃES
Description
Belgian anti-THB policy is often pointed as exemplary given its broad definition of the crime of trafficking for labour exploitation, as being the work or service carried out in conditions contrary to human dignity, in which the coercion element is not compulsory. However, hardly any policy initiatives in Belgium tackle specifically demand-side aspects in labour exploitation and THB in the domestic work sector. Recent policy changes in the domain of domestic work at diplomatic households and the formalisation of live-out domestic work with a service voucher policy have positive effects on the sector. Undocumented domestic workers in the shadow market and possibly regular migrants under temporary work permits are, though, still largely unprotected. The main obstacles to prevent exploitative situations within the sector are the migration and employment policies applying to domestic work. Indeed, this paper argues that when migrant workers are without the possibility to regularise their migration status maintain them in a vulnerable situation: migration status is a key issue for giving people the real possibility to access and defend their rights. Only the full respect of (all) workers’ rights will reduce their vulnerability to labour exploitation and trafficking.
Year 2016
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87 Report

Ethnic voting in Brussels: Voting patterns among ethnic minorities in Brussels (Belgium) during the 2006 local elections

Authors Celine Teney, Dirk Jacobs, Andrea Rea, ...
Year 2010
Journal Name Acta Politica
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89 Journal Article

The integration of new immigrants in Brussels: an institutional and political puzzle

Authors Catherine Xhardez
Year 2016
Journal Name Brussels Studies
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90 Journal Article

POUR UNE HISTOIRE COMPAREE ET TRANSNATIONALE DES DESTINES AUX EXILES ET REFUGIES POLITIQUES DANS L'EUROPE DU XIXE SIECLE (1815-1870)

Principal investigator Delphine Diaz (Coordinator)
Description
L’Europe du XIXe siècle voit l’institutionnalisation de l’exil comme forme de mobilisation. L’augmentation du nombre d’opposants chassés de leur pays pour des motifs politiques a induit de profondes transformations des politiques migratoires adoptées en Grande-Bretagne, en France, en Belgique, en Suisse, dans le Piémont-Sardaigne et en Espagne, principaux pays concernés par l’asile politique entre le congrès de Vienne et les années 1870. Le programme AsileuropeXIX s’emploie à reconstituer le lexique utilisé pour qualifier les exilés et réfugiés, prêtant attention aux catégories ainsi élaborées. Un second pan de nos recherches collectives concernant l’accueil qui leur était réservé porte sur les contrôles des exilés aux frontières, étudiés à partir de sources administratives et policières et d’archives personnelles. L’analyse des dispositifs d’accueil, qui est menée à la fois par le haut et par le bas met en évidence les points de comparaison entre les six pays d’asile étudiés. Le programme AsileuropeXIX s’intéresse enfin au contrôle migratoire a posteriori des migrations politiques, qui s’appuyait sur les mesures d’expulsion mais aussi sur les incitations au départ vers les colonies européennes.
Year 2016
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91 Project

The perceived role of Islamic religiosity in minorities’ educational success in Belgium. A cure or curse?

Authors Lore Van Praag, Orhan Agirdag, Peter AJ Stevens, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name Social Compass
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92 Journal Article

The association between residential area characteristics and mental health outcomes among men and women in Belgium

Authors Elise Pattyn, Lore Van Praag, Mieke Verhaeghe, ...
Year 2011
Journal Name Archives of Public Health
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94 Journal Article

La mobilisation d’un savoir pratique local. Attribution des visas Schengen au Consulat Général de Belgique à Casablanca

Authors Federica Infantino, Andrea Rea
Year 2012
Journal Name Sociologies pratiques
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96 Journal Article

Étude sur l’impact du conflit israélo-palestinien sur le racisme, l’antisémitisme et le dialogue interculturel en Belgique

Principal investigator Dirk Jacobs (Coordinator), Louise Callier (Researcher), Yoann Veny (Researcher)
Year 2009
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97 Project

Country of asylum by choice or by chance: Asylum‐seekers in Belgium, the Netherlands and the UK

Authors Tetty Havinga, Anita Böcker
Year 1999
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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98 Journal Article

Equal opportunities for migrant youth in educational systems with high levels of social and ethnic segregation: assessing the impact of school team resources

Principal investigator Dirk Jacobs (Principal Investigator)
Description
Although a gap in educational performance of migrant children compared to children without a migration background is to be observed in most industrialized countries, it is particularly big in countries as Belgium, Germany, Austria and the Netherlands, as has been attested by the PISA-data. Social and ethnic segregation, which is particularly high in these educational systems, seems to be one of the important explanatory factors. The EQUOP project wanted to disentangle what are the crucial factors by which this high level of segregation impacts on unequal opportunities for immigrant children. Going beyond the classic composition effect model (looking at peer group effects, i.e. positive or negative influences of pupils on each other), this project wants to also examine the potential impact of differentiated teacher profiles on group performance. The project wishes to test the hypothesis that the link between school composition and educational performance is a (partly) spurious effect, caused by mediating effect of teacher characteristics. We hypothesize that better skilled and more positively oriented teachers are overrepresented in schools with an 'easier' school population, while so-called 'difficult' schools (populated by working-class immigrant children) have difficulty in attracting and - especially - keeping competent and motivated staff. In order to examine this hypothesis a mixed methods approach were used, combining quantitative statistical analysis (on new and existing data, for instance multi-level analysis of the PISA-data set and other eligible datasets), qualitative case studies and focus groups. Secondary analysis of existing data-sets (PISA, TIMMS, PIRLS) was undertaken and new data was collected (taking the Flemish and Francophone educational systems in Belgium as case-studies). Many studies have highlighted that levels of educational attainment tend to be lower among immigrant children in Europe. However, the data also suggest that this poor performance does not only stem from the usual socio-economic factors associated with low attainment, but is also the result of school segregation, having an impact over and beyond individual characteristics. In the EQUOP project the main challenge was to not only document to what extent segregation is one of the main detrimental factors, but also investigate under what circumstances it can be attenuated. We find that some schools have a majority of pupils from immigrant backgrounds, while others will be almost entirely composed of non-immigrant children. But when we compare schools that have a similar pupil composition, still we find important discrepancies. Children in some do much better than children in others. We then investigated whether the characteristics of teachers and cohesion among staff can account for this difference. The EQUOP project looked at existing datasets of school composition and examination results, in combination with new longitudinal data which track students performances and their link with teacher attitudes and characteristics over time. The school composition effect is well documented: a concentration of pupils from lower socio-economic backgrounds often causes them to collectively underperform. Even if it is important to keep on documenting this in the most accurate ways, the novelty of the EQUOP project lies elsewhere. In the EQUOP project we examine whether, in highly segregated Belgian schools, the effect is reinforced or attenuated by the attitudes, policies and characteristics of individual schools and teachers themselves. With the help of ERC backing, the five-year project bridges gaps in literature by approaching the problem from a socio-economic perspective which looks at the education system as a quasi-competitive market. One of the important empirical results is that segregation should also be considered at classroom level, not just across schools. Future national and international studies must consider internal school policies that might enforce further segregation within the schools themselves. Another important conclusion is linked to the differential team characteristics in schools according to their position in the segregated system. Overall, currently schools with the most challenges do not tend to have the most stable and more experienced teacher teams. One of the systemic effects at play is the way in which novice teachers in Francophone Belgian state schools are assigned their first position. They are typically placed in a school in need, invariably one with a large proportion of pupils from immigrant and socio-economically marginalised backgrounds. These schools end up with a high proportion of less experienced teaching staff; and staff cohesion is low because new teachers tend to move soon after their initial posting. Even if this does not explain everything, this practice does clearly contribute to educational inequality in Belgium. Throughout the project, the EQUOP team has been in close contact with policy-makers in Belgium. Belgian governments wish to reduce the impact of segregation on educational opportunities and insights from the EQUOP project are informing debates on necessary reforms. The focus groups at the end of the project showed that sensitivity is important. As overall policy recommendation the EQUOP team therefore stresses the importance to keep in mind the ultimate goals of educational policy: “All stakeholders, pupils, teachers, parents, policy-makers and politicians need to first endorse a common objective (‘a good school for each child’) and then work to overcome the obstacles together. It is critical there is no finger of blame as this will just delay educational reform. Equal opportunities are key for society. We are wasting the talent of pupils who miss out on a good education. By not mobilising and using this talent, we are harming the viability of our society and our economic system.”
Year 2012
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100 Project
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