International

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Institutional contexts of political conflicts around free movement in the European Union : a theoretical analysis

Authors Martin RUHS, Joakim PALME
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of European Public Policy
Citations (WoS) 1
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1 Journal Article

Transnational families: Cross-country comparative perspectives

Authors Valentina Mazzucato, Bilisuma B. Dito
Year 2018
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
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2 Journal Article

Measuring and Explaining Cross-Country Immigration Policies

Authors Glenn Rayp, Ilse Ruyssen, Samuel Standaert
Year 2017
Journal Name World Development
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4 Journal Article

Values and Support for Immigration: A Cross-Country Comparison

Authors Eldad Davidov, Peter Schmidt, Bart Meuleman, ...
Year 2008
Journal Name European Sociological Review
Citations (WoS) 107
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5 Journal Article

The Cross-country Determinants of Potential and Actual Migration

Authors Frédéric Docquier, Giovanni Peri, Ilse Ruyssen
Year 2014
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 28
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6 Journal Article

Cross-country convergence in times of crisis? Integration policies before, during and after the refugee crisis

Authors Vilde Hernes
Year 2018
Journal Name West European Politics
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8 Journal Article

Transnational families: Cross‐country comparative perspectives

Year 2018
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
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9 Journal Article

CrossMigration policy indicators

Authors Migration Policy Group
Description
In the framework of the EU-funded project CrossMigration, the Migration Policy group produced a set of indicators to comparative analyse migration and integration policies, similar to the Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX). The set of indicators allows researchers and policy makers to compare policies in different areas of migration and integration policies and different countries on that. To allow for a cross-country comparative and longitudinal analysis, the dataset included 39 countries (EU28 and other European countries) for 2014 and 2019. The indicators cover eight policy areas: Family reunion; Citizenship; Permanent residence; Labour market; Education; Political participation; Anti-discrimination; Health.
Year 2019
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10 Data Set

L'impact de l'Immigration sur les salaires des travailleurs natifs : examen de l'hétérogénéité internationale

Principal investigator Jérôme Héricourt (co-Principal Investigator)
Description
La France et l'Allemagne sont deux grands pays d'immigration. En 2010, les personnes nées à l'étranger représentaient 7,2% et 6,3% de leurs populations respectives (Brücker et al., 2013). En dépit de situations économiques différentes en France et en Allemagne, l'accroissement récent des demandes d'asile et de l'immigration illégale soulève un débat similaire sur les conséquences économiques de l’immigration, et les conclusions à en tirer en termes de régulation des flux migratoires. Au travers de trois work-packages scientifiques (WPs), ce projet cherche à étudier l'impact des travailleurs immigrés sur l’emploi et les salaires des nationaux. Nous souhaitons enrichir la littérature en cherchant à comprendre pourquoi l'impact de l'immigration varie selon le pays de destination. Nous examinerons l'allocation des tâches et les stratégies de production (WP1) et l'intégration commerciale (WP2) afin de détecter les effets conditionnels de l'immigration sur le marché du travail. Nous étudierons également les interactions entre l’intégration des immigrés au marché du travail et les politiques d'immigration (WP3). Le WP1 se focalisera sur le côté de la demande du marché du travail. Nous chercherons à comprendre en quoi les travailleurs immigrés affectent l'allocation des tâches au sein des firmes et entre firmes. Nous étudierons aussi le lien entre l'emploi de travailleurs étrangers et les stratégies de production des firmes (telle que l’outsourcing). Le WP2 analysera dans quelle mesure l'impact des travailleurs étrangers sur les salaires des travailleurs nationaux est conditionné par l'intégration commerciale et les caractéristiques d'une économie tel que son niveau de granularité (i.e. la prévalence de grandes firmes dans les dynamiques macroéconomiques). Le WP3 étudiera, de manière théorique et empirique, les déterminants des politiques d'immigration à destination de certaines catégories d'immigrés dans les pays de l'UE. Par ailleurs, nous analyserons la façon dont le degré de substitution entre travailleurs nationaux et étrangers affecte les politiques d'immigration. Le WP4 organisera la coopération scientifique. Les équipes partenaires comptent des chercheurs aux compétences complémentaires, un prérequis pour répondre aux enjeux d'un projet se situant à l’intersection de l'économie des migrations, du commerce international et de l'économie politique de l'immigration. Les deux équipes se pencheront sur le côté de la demande du marché du travail (WP1) et sur l'intégration commerciale (WP2), alors que l'équipe allemande se focalisera sur les politiques d'immigration (WP3). Il est attendu un transfert de connaissances concernant l'utilisation des données allemandes et françaises. Les travaux seront publiés dans des revues scientifiques de haut niveau, et les recommandations de politiques publiques seront disséminées au travers de policy papers. Le projet contribuera au débat public portant sur les conséquences économiques de l'immigration en Europe.
Year 2018
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11 Project

Wie Zuwanderung die Loehne beeinflusst: Untersuchung laenderspezifischer Unterschiede

Principal investigator Gerald Willmann (Principal Investigator ), Olivier Gordart (Principal Investigator ), Léa Marchal (Principal Investigator ), Max Steinhardt (Principal Investigator )
Description
Frankreich und Deutschland sind bedeutende Einwanderungsländer. In 2010 machten im Ausland geborene Personen 7.2% bzw. 6.3% der jeweiligen Bevölkerung aus (Brücker et al 2013). Trotz unterschiedlicher wirtschaftlicher Situationen (insbesondere hinsichtlich Ungleichheit und Arbeitslosigkeit), hat der jüngste Anstieg von Asylbewerbern und illegaler Immigration in beiden Ländern eine lebhafte Debatte um eine Verschärfung der Immigrationspolitik ausgelöst. Die ökonomischen Auswirkungen der Zuwanderung, insbesondere für die einheimischen Arbeitskräfte, sind dabei zentrale Themen.In vier Arbeitsabschnitten (WPs) soll dieses Projekt der Wirkung von zugewanderten Arbeitskräften auf einheimische Beschäftigung und Löhne nachgehen. Wir erweitern die die bestehende Literatur, indem wir untersuchen, ob und warum sich die Wirkung der Zuwanderer zwischen verschiedenen Ländern unterscheidet. Wir werden insbesondere die Allokation von Aufgaben und Arbeitsplätzen (WP1) und das Ausmaß der Handelsverflechtung (WP2) betrachten, um Arbeitsmarkteffekte der Immigration aufzudecken. Wir wollen zudem die Wechselwirkungen zwischen Arbeitsmarkt­effekten und Immigrationspolitik untersuchen (WP3).WP1 wird sich auf die Nachfrageseite des Arbeitsmarktes konzentrieren. Wir werden untersuchen, wie die Zuwanderung die Allokation von Aufgaben und Arbeitsplätzen innerhalb von Firmen und über Firmen hinweg beeinflusst.WP2 wird zuerst den Folgen von länderspezifisch unterschiedlichen Handelsverflechtungen für die Arbeitsmarkteffekte von Immigration nachgehen. Desweiteren soll untersucht werden, wie das Ausmaß der Unternehmenskonzentration (in Abhängigkeit von der Offenheit des Handels) die Verbindung zwischen Immigration und einheimischen Löhnen beeinflusst.WP3 wird sowohl theoretisch wie empirisch die politischen Determinanten der Immigrationspolitik analysieren, über europäische Länder hinweg und im Hinblick auf verschiedene Arten von Immigration. Es soll zudem darum gehen, wie der Grad der Substituierbarkeit zwischen Zuwanderern und Einheimischen von den Determinanten der Einwanderungspolitik abhängt.WP4 dient der Kooperation. Das Team umfasst Forscher mit ausgeprägten Komplementaritäten, die für dieses Projekt an der Schnittstelle zwischen Migrationsökonomie, Außenhandelstheorie und politischer Ökonomie der Migration gebraucht werden. Die Ergebnisse sollen in gemeinsame Publikationen innerhalb des französischen (WP1, WP2) und des deutschen (WP3) Teams, sowie beider Teams (WP2) einfließen. Wir erwarten desweiteren einen Austausch hinsichtlich der Nutzung der französischen und deutschen Arbeitgeber-Arbeitnehmer-Statistiken.Das Projekt soll die öffentliche Debatte durch ein besseres Verständnis der ökonomischen Effekte der Zuwanderung in Europa bereichern. Die Projektbeteiligten werden ihre Ergebnisse intensiv in die Öffentlichkeit tragen. Die Endergebnisse sollen in hochrangigen Fachzeitschriften und die Politikempfehlungen in Politikjournalen und Blogs veröffentlicht werden.
Year 2018
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12 Project

High-skilled migration policy indicators

Description
The authors carry out a cross-country assessment of policies aimed to attract and select high-skilled workers. To capture immigration policy systems, they choose nine policy elements that collectively capture many of the key differences between destination countries’ policy stances. These instruments reflect policy categories comprising skill-selective admission policies (shortage lists, job offer requirements, labor market tests, PBS), and post-entry policy instruments (permanency rights, financial incentive schemes). Methodologically, the authors adopt a set of statements against which a 0 or 1 can be assigned to ensure consistency when coding our policy variables.
Year 2012
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13 Data Set

National institutions and the fiscal effects of EU migrants

Authors Marcus ÖSTERMAN, Joakim PALME, Martin RUHS
Year 2019
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14 Working Paper

Who is against immigration? A cross-country investigation of individual attitudes toward immigrants

Authors Anna Maria Mayda
Year 2006
Journal Name Review of Economics and Statistics
Citations (WoS) 378
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16 Journal Article

Exploring activation: A cross-country analysis of active labour market policies in Europe

Authors Mauro Pinto
Year 2019
Journal Name Social Science Research
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18 Journal Article

Migration et développement institutionnel

Authors Hillel RAPOPORT
Year 2015
Journal Name Revue d'économie politique
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19 Journal Article

National Integration Evaluation Mechanism (NIEM)

Description
The National Integration Evaluation Mechanism (NIEM) is a six-years long transnational project (2016-2021) which aims to prepare key actors in the integration field in 15 EU Member States to better face the current challenges and improve the integration outcomes of beneficiaries of international protection. NIEM establishes a mechanism for a biennial, comprehensive evaluation of the policies to foster integration of beneficiaries of international protection, to provide evidence on gaps in integration standards, identify promising practices and evaluate the effects of legislative and policy changes. The tool allows for cross-country comparison in the dimensions of legal integration (residency, family unity and reunification, access to citizenship), socio-economic integration (housing, employment, vocational training, health and social security) and socio-cultural integration (education, language learning/social orientation and building bridges). 14 countries were included in the first round of assessment (2017). Results have been scored on a scale from 0 to 100, ranging from least favourable to most favourable provisions.
Year 2017
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21 Data Set

Dynamique des Circulations Migratoires et mobilités transfrontalières entre Guyane, Surinam, Brésil, Guyana et Haïti

Description
Ce programme interdisciplinaire s’articule autour de l’analyse des relations entre les migrations internationales et les autres formes de mobilités nationales ou transnationales, la question des langues et des identités dans la migration, les politiques migratoires et l’impact des mobilités sur le développement. Appréhendé à différentes échelles spatiales et sociales d’analyse, le terrain d’étude apparaît comme un cas exemplaire permettant de questionner les rapports nord-sud, et d’examiner la formation de nouveaux espaces transfrontaliers et transnationaux dans un monde en processus de globalisation.
Year 2007
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22 Project

Policy and institutional frameworks : India country report

Authors Meenakshi THAPAN
Description
The Indian government has developed a policy framework in relation to emigration, as well as to its diaspora. The government, indeed, has recognized the significant role played by its diaspora in several countries and has taken measures to integrate these with the country of origin. The attempts have been geared, inter alia, towards: encouraging foreign investment in India through its emigrants; extending voting rights to a certain category of emigrants; getting dual citizenship for Indian emigrants in many countries; organizing annual events such as Pravasi Bhartiya Divas to offer a formal platform for recognition of the achievements of men and women with Indian origins abroad; and setting up high level committees and advisory boards on the Indian diaspora.
Year 2014
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23 Report

Imagining Europe from the outside. On the role of democracy and human rights perceptions in constructing migration aspirations and decision towards Europe

Principal investigator Christiane Timmerman (Coordinator), Walter Nonneman (Partner), Dirk Vanheule (Partner)
Description
By means of a non-Eurocentric, theoretically and empirically sound cross-country and cross-region research design, EUMAGINE studies the impact of perceptions of human rights and democracy on international migration aspirations and decisions. Special attention goes to human rights (including women’s rights) and democracy perceptions on Europe, specific European countries, and the relative popularity of Europe in comparison and competition with the US, Russia, Canada and Australia. The core idea of the project is that macro and meso level discourses on human rights and democracy influence micro level perceptions on these themes in countries of origin and transit, which in turn influence migratory aspirations and decisions. To obtain its objectives, the consortium of EUMAGINE (consisting of seven partners, Universiteit Antwerpen (Belgium, coordinator), University of Oxford (United Kingdom), International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (Norway), Koc University (Turkey), Université Mohamed V (Morocco), The Kennan Institute (Ukraine) and Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (Sénégal)) will study four major ‘source’ and ‘transit’ countries, namely Morocco, Senegal, Turkey and Ukraine. For research purposes, the consortium is divided in four Geographical Duo Teams (each composed of a EU and non-EU partner). Based on a multidisciplinary, mixed-method approach (survey, in-depth interviews and observations) and by adopting a case study approach and comparing and contrasting a diversity of important international emigration countries, various types of regions within these countries, several modes of migration, various types of influential discourses, and different profiles of potential migrants, EUMAGINE will provide insights on how perceptions on human rights and democracy are related to migration aspirations and decisions. EUMAGINE is a gender sensitive project in the way that the team will address gender issues in all stages of the research cycle. Dissemination of the (intermediary) project results will be planned carefully and formulated in a program of dissemination elaborated from the start of the project.
Year 2010
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25 Project

Rahmenbedingungen von Zuwanderung und interkulturellem Zusammenleben in den ostdeutschen Bundesländern – eine Bestandsaufnahme

Authors Sybille Münch
Year 2013
Journal Name Raumforschung und Raumordnung
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28 Journal Article

Reciprocity in welfare institutions and normative attitudes in EU member states

Authors Moa MARTENSSON, Joakim PALME, Martin RUHS
Year 2019
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31 Working Paper

Migrants', 'mobile citizens' and the borders of exclusion in the European Union

Authors Martin RUHS
Year 2018
Book Title Debating European citizenship
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32 Book Chapter

Inequality and the self-selection of international migrants: theory and new evidence

Authors Herbert Bruecker, Cecily Defoort
Year 2009
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANPOWER
Citations (WoS) 15
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34 Journal Article

Reintegration practices in Post-Soviet states

Authors Irina ISAAKYAN
Description
This paper uses, as its starting point, the argument that integration presupposes reciprocity. On the basis of secondary qualitative data analysis, the paper examines reintegration practices in post-Soviet countries where the State is said to be a weak provider of integration. The purpose is to explore inter-regional differences and major critical issues in existing reintegration practices. To achieve this, the paper looks at the expectations to integration held by the European Commission, evaluates the reintegration practices in the former Soviet Union against the EU standards, and makes intra-regional comparisons based on the EU standards. Placing Georgia and Ukraine at the low extreme across the reintegration continuum, the constructed Reintegration Barometer locates the best reintegration country of Armenia halfway far from the theoretical/utopian ideal of the European Union.
Year 2013
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36 Report

The European Benchmark for Refugee Integration: A Comparative Analysis of the National Integration Evaluation Mechanism in 14 EU Countries

Authors Alexander Wolffhardt, Carmine Conte, Thomas Huddleston, ...
Description
This report presents a comparative, indicator-based assessment of the refugee integration frameworks in place in 14 EU countries. Analysis is focused on legal indicators, policy indicators and indicators which measure mainstreaming, policy coordination, as well as efforts aimed at participation and involvement of the receiving society. Results are being presented in relation to the concrete steps policymakers need to take in order to establish a refugee integration framework that is in line with the standards required by international and EU law, namely the building blocks “Setting the Legal Framework”, “Building the Policy Framework” and “Implementation & Collaboration”. Important conclusions can be drawn from the cross-country comparison in the dimensions of legal integration (residency, family unity and reunification, access to citizenship), socio-economic integration (housing, employment, vocational training, health and social security) and socio-cultural integration (education, language learning/social orientation and building bridges). Countries included in the NIEM baseline research are Czechia, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden. Results have been scored on a scale from 0 to 100, ranging from least favourable to most favourable provisions. Analysed data refer to recognized refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection (BSPs), and to the legal and other provisions in place as of April 2017. Future evaluation rounds of NIEM will strive to overcome data gaps, extend analysis to other groups under international protection, monitor changes over recent years, and by including integration outcome, financial and staff input indicators, will move forward towards building a comprehensive index measuring refugee integration.
Year 2019
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37 Report

International migration in Luxembourg. Continuous Reporting System on Migration OECD – 2015

Authors Birte Nienaber, Linda Dionisio, Adolfo Sommarribas, ...
Description
Migration has always played an important role in Luxembourg’s history. In 2014 and 2015, due to the refugee crisis, migration became the focus of the economic, social and political debates, in particular during Luxembourg’s Presidency of the Council of the European Union. As a country that is a founding Member of the European Union and located at the centre of the EU, Luxembourg has a strong attraction for EU citizens and this - in turn - has a direct incidence on the demographic composition of the country and the workforce. Luxembourg’s demographic composition reflects its migratory diversity. In 2014, the net migration balance was positive having increased by 6.8% in comparison to 2013. As such, the country’s rising population numbers were mainly attributed to the immigration of individuals coming from EU Member States and other European countries. These numbers include European Union (EU), European economic area (EEA) citizens and third-country nationals from non-EU European countries. The country’s diversity is equally reflected in its labour market which heavily relies on its foreign workforce. In fact, Luxembourgish citizens represented 31% of the workforce in 2014, while EU citizens reached 65% and third-country nationals only 4%. Cross border workers also represented a very important part of the Luxembourgish workforce with 44.4 %. Due to the refugee crisis, the number of international protection applicants increased between 2013 and 2014. As a consequence, the recognition rate of the status increased as well. On the other hand, the number of returns continued to decrease. In order to respond to the crisis in an adequate manner, additional funds and staff for the Directorate of Immigration and the Luxembourg Reception and Integration Agency were allocated. Given the magnitude of the migration crisis and the pressure on external border Member States, the EU Council took the decision to relocate 160.000 international protection applicants (European relocation scheme) who are currently in Greece and in Italy. In order to implement this decision, Luxembourg agreed to welcome 527 international protection applicants. The first group of 30 relocated individuals from Greece arrived in Luxembourg on 4 November 2015. During 2014, Luxembourg implemented several EU directives. Directive 2011/36/EU of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings was implemented by the Law of 9 April 2014, which reinforced the rights of victims of trafficking in human beings by criminalising begging and the trafficking of children. Extensive work was undertaken to transpose Directives 2012/32/EU and 2012/33/EU of the Common European Asylum System. Two draft bills are currently within the last stages of the legislative procedure and their implementation is set to take place in 2015, after several amendments were brought to the draft bills at the end of September and October 2015. On the national level, recent legislative changes and reforms answer to several aims, ranging from attracting certain categories of migrants to strengthening the support provided to unaccompanied minors. The creation of a new authorisation of stay for investors and the modification of certain authorisations of stay to adapt them for business managers are currently under discussion by an inter-ministerial working group, which is preparing two draft bills on these issues.
Year 2015
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39 Report

Integracja imigrantów w Małopolsce w świetle etnomiernika

Year 2015
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne - Przegląd Polonijny
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40 Journal Article

Migration, minorities and maternity services: an international collaboration across three contrasting countries (Study Group)

Principal investigator Sarah Maria Salway (Principal Investigator)
Description
The Study Group will examine how migration and consequent ethno-cultural diversity have been problematized and responded to within the health systems of Germany, the United Kingdom and Canada. The focus is on maternity services and reproductive outcomes. Preliminary work will establish a conceptual framework that has pertinence to the three countries of focus, a methodological approach with particular attention to achieving meaningful comparison and operational feasibility across settings, as well as an operational structure that enables both inter-disciplinary and cross-national collaboration and active involvement of policy-makers, practitioners and users/consumers.
Year 2008
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42 Project

EDUMIGROM

Description
The research project EDUMIGROM aims to study how ethnic differences in education contribute to the diverging prospects for minority ethnic youth and their peers in urban settings. It is a comparative endeavour involving nine countries from among old and new member states of the European Union, including Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. EDUMIGROM will explore how far existing educational policies, practices and experiences in markedly different welfare regimes protect minority ethnic youth against marginalization and eventual social exclusion. Despite great variations in economic development and welfare arrangements, recent developments seem to lead to similar consequences for certain groups of second-generation immigrants in the western half of the continent and Roma in Central and Eastern Europe. Formally citizens with full rights in the respective states, people affiliated with these groups tend to experience new and intensive forms of involuntary separation, social exclusion, and second-class citizenship. The project will critically examine the role of education in these processes of ‘minoritization’. In ethnically diverse urban communities, schools often become targets for locally organized political struggles shaped by a broader political and civic culture of ethnic mobilization. EDUMIGROM will investigate how schools operate in their roles of socialization and knowledge distribution, and how they influence young people’s identity formation. The project will also explore how schools contribute to reducing, maintaining, or deepening inequalities in young people’s access to the labor market, further education and training, and also to different domains of social, cultural, and political participation. The results of macro-level investigations, a comparative survey and multi-faceted field research in local settings will provide rich datasets for intra- and cross-country comparisons and evidence-based policy making.
Year 2008
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45 Project

Six Country Immigrant Integration Comparative Survey

Principal investigator Ruud Koopmans (Principal Investigator ), Evelyn Ersanilli (Principal Investigator )
Description
"Theoretical background and objectives This project aims to investigate the effect of three different types of contextual effects on immigrant integration: those related to the regions of origin of immigrants (e.g., levels of religiosity and socio-economic prosperity), those related to the localities in which they have settled within the country of immigration (e.g., levels of immigrant concentration and local unemployment), and those related to the national contexts of the countries of immigration (e.g., citizenship and welfare state regimes). It does so by comparing the levels of structural and socio-cultural integration of Turkish immigrants in six countries (Germany, France, Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, and Sweden) and Moroccan immigrants in four countries (Germany, France, Netherlands, Austria). The study includes a comparison group of natives. The countries covered by the study represent different integration models and citizenship regimes. They vary in their degree of granting individual, cultural and religious group rights to migrants. The study has a quasi-experimental nature insofar as the immigrant sample includes only immigrants from the guest-worker period and their offspring, and half of the immigrant sample comes from a selected number of provinces in the country of origin. This design minimises the role of migration period and ensures that there is sufficient overlap between the samples in the different countries in terms of regions of origin. Topics of the survey range from labour market position and education to identification, segregation, interethnic social contacts, religiosity and attitudes towards cultural preservation. The native sample moreover includes questions about attitudes towards immigrants. Research design, methodology and outlook Data were collected in a bilingual phone survey during the first half of 2008. In each country, a minimum of 500 respondents for each group was surveyed, resulting in a total number of 9 365 valid observations. The data set has been supplemented with a broad set of context data on the ethnic composition of the local resident population, the regional labour market situation in the host country, and certain cultural and political aspects in the respondent's origin provinces, gathered from various official statistics. All respondents had the choice to answer the interview questions in either the host country or their origin country language. The study thus avoids the drawbacks of other international studies conducted only in the host country language, by ensuring the inclusion of all groups of migrants, even of those with poor host country language command. A detailed description of the research design and methodology is given in the technical report. Findings Based on the collected data, several comparative studies on aspects of socio-cultural integration and inter-ethnic contacts have been undertaken and have resulted in several publications, see below. Data The SCIICS dataset is available for secondary analyses. Interested researchers are kindly requested to send a one-page abstract of their research project to ruud.koopmans@wzb.eu. Please note that the data must be used exclusively for the outlined research project and must not be passed on to third parties."
Year 2008
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47 Project

Das heuristische Potential nationaler Modellvorstellungen für das Verständnis und den internationalen Vergleich von Migrations- und Integrationspolitiken (Netzwerk)

Principal investigator Ines Michalowski (Principal Investigator)
Description
Das wissenschaftliche Netzwerk „Das heuristische Potential nationaler Modellvorstellungen für das Verständnis und den internationalen Vergleich von Migrations- und Integrationspolitiken“ soll sich in insgesamt vier Arbeitstreffen mit der Frage nach der weiterhin gegebenen Aktualität von Integrationsmodellen wie dem Multikulturalismus, der Assimilation oder dem Gastarbeitermodell beschäftigen. Hierzu sind zunächst zwei Treffen vorgesehen, die sich mit der bereits vorhandenen Literatur (Integrationsmodelle verwendende Klassiker der vergleichenden Migrationsforschung und kritische Analysen dieser Integrationsmodelle) auseinandersetzen. Das dritte und vierte Treffen sollen dazu dienen, die eigenen vergleichenden Arbeiten der Netzwerkmitglieder mit den bei den ersten zwei Treffen geführten theoretischen Diskussionen in Zusammenhang zu bringen und die für den Sammelband geplanten Beiträge zu diskutieren. Das Netzwerk verfolgt somit zum einen das Ziel den aktuellen Stand der (theoretisch verankerten) vergleichenden Migrationsforschung zu erheben. Zum anderen soll durch den Bezug zu eigenen empirischen und theoretischen Arbeiten der Netzwerkmitglieder sowie der für die verschiedenen Treffen vorgesehen Gäste das heuristische Potential der Integrationsmodelle gerade auch für zukünftige Studien beurteilt werden. Die Ergebnisse sollen in einem englischsprachigen Sammelband veröffentlicht werden.
Year 2009
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49 Project

Migration of Ukrainians to the European Union: Background and Key Issues

Authors Marta Kindler, Olena Fedyuk
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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51 Book Chapter

Michael Alexander, Cities and Labour Immigration: Comparing Policy Responses in Amsterdam, Paris, Rome and Tel Aviv

Authors Tiziana Caponio
Year 2010
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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52 Journal Article

Family Migration, Marriage and Integration

Description
Family migration in general, and more specifically migration for the purpose of family formation, has become one of the most important forms of immigration to European countries. Consequently, family migration and family formation receive increasing attention, particularly in the field of migrant integration. This is reflected not only in recently introduced programmes in many countries which link admission and integration, but also in examining the role of the family in integration processes. For example, bi-national or inter-ethnic marriages and partnerships can be understood as an expression of successful integration, assuming that these relations require a high level of intercultural interaction, social contacts outside their own group and the acceptance of different values. Existing literature indicates that this and similar conclusions are much too simplistic and refers to the variety of considerations, motives and ambitions that influence partner choices. Particularly in German-speaking countries, the state of knowledge on partner choice, marriage and family formation patterns of migrants is poorly understood. Existing studies are often limited to specific aspects of the phenomenon, such as "forced marriages" or "arranged marriages", which neglect a comprehensive analysis and an informed debate on the impact of these patterns on the integration of third country nationals in general. Objectives of the study: The study will examine: • marriage patterns and motives in major immigrant groups in Austria over time; • the effects of changing marriage patterns and marriage structures on the integration characteristics of immigrant spouses and their children in Austria; • whether integration policies support the needs of immigrant spouses and their children; • options for policy development in the respective areas.
Year 2013
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53 Project

How issue salience explains the rise of the populist right in Western Europe

Authors James DENNISON
Year 2019
Journal Name [Migration Policy Centre]
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54 Journal Article

Impact of Economic Labour Migration: A Qualitative Exploration of Left-Behind Family Member Perspectives in Sri Lanka

Authors Chesmal Siriwardhana, Tine Van Bortel, Kolitha Wickramage, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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55 Journal Article

Determinants of ‘Mobilisation’ at Home and Abroad: Analysing the Micro-Foundations of Out-Migration & Mass Protest

Principal investigator Sorana Toma (Principal Investigator)
Description
Le projet MOBILISE demande: Quand mécontents avec le situation economique ou politiquoi, pourquoi certains individus protestent tandis que d'autres quittent les frontieres? En reliant les intuitions théoriques de la littérature sur la migration internationale et de celle sur les mobilisations collectives, nous examinons a) Si des facteurs similaires soustentend le choix de migrer et/ou de protester au niveau individuel b) Comment le contexte influence ces mobilisations c) Dans quelle mesure ces choix sont-ils independants l'un de l'autre ou ils se renforcent / se découragent l'un l'autre. MOBILISE utilise une methodologie mixte (des enquêtes quantitatives representatives au niveau national, des enquêtes en ligne auprés des migrants, des enquêtes auprès des protestataires, des focus groups, des entretiens retrospectifs et de l'analyse des réseaux sociaux) ainsi qu'un design multi-situé. Le projet couvre l'Ukraine, la Pologne, le Maroc et le Bresil, qui ont tous récemment connu des protestations de masse ainsi qu'une forte émigration. Nous suivons des emigrés de ces pays en Allemagne, la Grande Bretagne et l'Espagne. Le projet offre quatre innovations clés 1) Il combine les protestations et la migration 2) Il capture tous les groupes pertinents pour la comparaison (des protestataires, des migrants, des migrants protestataires et des individus qui ne font ni l'un ni l'autre) 3) Il suit des individus au fil du temps en utilisant des methodes de panel 4) Il inclut dans l'analyse l'utilisation des réseaux sociaux en fournissant de l'information sur le role des réseaux et des transferts politiques en temps réel. Ces innovations nous permettent d'apporter une contribution importante au développement théorique autant dans l'étude des migrations que des protestations. De plus, le projet fournit des connaissances centrales aux hommes politiques sur les facteurs qui influencent la stabilité politique et économique.
Year 2019
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56 Project

The Gravity of High-Skilled Migration Policies

Authors Mathias Czaika, Christopher R. Parsons
Year 2017
Journal Name Demography
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58 Journal Article

Transnationales Handeln indischer Migranten in Deutschland

Principal investigator Carsten Butsch (Principal Investigator)
Description
Das Vorhaben widmet sich den transnationalen Netzwerken in Deutschland lebender indischer Migranten. Am Beispiel der indischen Community in Deutschland wird untersucht, welche Verbindungen zwischen indischen Migranten in Deutschland, ihren Herkunftsorten in Indien und zu der indischen Diaspora in anderen Ländern bestehen. Im Zentrum des Erkenntnisinteresses stehen die Veränderungsprozesse, die an unterschiedlichen Orten durch das transnationale Handeln indischer Migranten ausgelöst werden. Untersucht werden als potentielle Ursachen der Veränderungsprozesse: (1) die Relevanz transnationaler sozialer Verbindungen und ihre Bedeutung für Folgemigration, den Austausch von Informationen, Werten, Kapital etc., (2) die Konstruktion und Veränderung von Identität transnational handelnder Migranten, Modelle der Einbindung in verschiedene Gesellschaften sowie die damit zusammenhängenden Fragen der Staatsangehörigkeit, (3) die Wege von Kapital innerhalb der transnationalen Netzwerke, die Verwendung von Rimessen sowie die Wirkung nicht-finanzieller Unterstützungen sowie (4) das politische Engagement transnationaler indischer Migranten, die Diasporapolitik der indischen Regierung und die Wirkung der deutschen Einwanderungspolitik. Das Forschungsdesign sieht vor, Erhebungen an unterschiedlichen Orten durchzuführen, welche durch die Netzwerke transnational handelnder Migranten verbunden sind. Methodologisch wird ein mixed method research (MMR)-Ansatz verfolgt, der die Vorteile unterschiedlicher Methoden miteinander vereint und durch sequentielle Integration eine Anpassung und Fokussierung der genutzten Erhebungsinstrumente sicherstellt. Das Vorhaben leistet auf konzeptioneller Ebene einen Beitrag zur Vertiefung des Transnationalismuskonzepts. Der empirische Ertrag des Vorhabens liegt in der Untersuchung der Migrationssysteme der indischen Community in Deutschland, über die bisher nur in geringem Umfang, thematisch enge Publikationen vorliegen. Von besonderem Interesse sind hierbei die bisher wenig untersuchten triadischen Beziehungen innerhalb der Community, nach Indien und zu Kontaktpersonen in der weltweiten Diaspora.
Year 2014
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59 Project

Image of Immigrants in Media: Thought- provoking Effects

Principal investigator Leen d'Haenens (Coordonator), Rozane De Cock (Partner), Koen Matthijs (Partner), Jacinthe Mazzocchetti (Partner), François Heinderyckx (Partner), Kevin Smets (Partner)
Description
Governments, news media and public opinion in Europe are increasingly preoccupied with refugees seeking access to Western Europe. Public opinion is split (if not negative) and generally un- or misinformed (amalgamation across ‘groups’ being one of the problems), and integration policies cannot respond to the needs (see cross-country MIPEX results). This project aims to investigate the dynamic interplay between media representations of the current non-EU immigrant situation with a specific emphasis on the refugee situation on the one hand and the governmental and societal (re)actions on the other. The IM²MEDIATE project combines four complementary multi-stakeholder group perspectives: 1. Analysis of news media content and journalism culture. 2. Study of societal reactions of the general public. 3. Study of push/pull factors in migration from a refugee perspective. 4. Policy analysis into national governmental (re)actions. It is the project’s ultimate goal to inventory the multiple public, policy and media voices heard in Belgium on this crucial issue, while learning from practices abroad (with a focus on Sweden), and to formulate recommendations towards a more encouraging integration policy, while lowering anti-immigration and anti-refugee sentiment.
Year 2016
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60 Project

The Political Sociology of Cosmopolitanism and Communitarianism

Principal investigator Ruud Koopmans (Principal Investigator), Wolfgang Merkel (Principal Investigator), Michael Zürn (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Theoretical background and objectives Across many advanced democracies – albeit to varying extents and in different forms – we observe a growing distance between the positions taken by political elites, and those of mass publics and electorates. This elite-mass divide has crystallised in a limited number of issue areas, which are often related to globalisation and denationalisation, in their political, socio-cultural, and economic forms. It shows that the denationalisation of markets, governance structures, and migration flows entails not only an aggregate growth in opportunities and wealth, but also a reconfiguration of power, wealth, and status between different classes of actors within national political systems as well as between supranational and national institutions. In the national political arena, various globalisation processes led to tensions in many countries reflected in the rise of populist movements and parties on the left and right. On the international level, inter­national institutions are not any more seen as just functional agencies to foster coordination between governments, but increasingly as sites of political authority and arenas of political contestation. Against this background, we ask: (1) To which extent do these different conflicts follow a similar logic and can be described as a ""new political cleavage""? (2) Whether the positions of the two sides of such a cleavage are already embedded in encompassing normative foundations which we may label as cosmopolitanism and communitarianism? (3) To what extent does the appropriate handling of such a conflict require a significant change in the landscape of political institutions? This research project feeds into three themes with far-reaching implications for understanding new social conflicts in globalising societies: (1) Part of the success of the modern nation-state was its ability to successfully institutionalise social and political cleavages. To the extent that new political cleavages challenge the role of political institutions of the nation-state as such and that some players use political arenas outside of the traditional nation-state realm for their purposes, the classical patterns of legitimacy and decision-making in national democracies get undermined. (2) International institutions, such as the WTO or environmental regimes, were successful in acting as, more or less, technical agencies under firm control of the executives of the member states. To the extent that these international institutions exercise authority and thus become an arena of political contestation, their ""technical"" foundation of success gets challenged as well. This mechanism applies in general, albeit in different forms, to the EU as well. (3) Migration and integration have been seen for a long time as issues of social relevance, but only with limited impact on the core of national political institutions. To the extent that this cultural component of the new cleavage becomes dominant, migration and integration will move closer to the centre of political competition and will eventually change norms, rules, and procedures within the national political systems. Research design, data and methodology There are three empirical modules in this project: In Module 1 we will investigate the following aspects: ""objective"" representation deficits, the subjective perception of them, the emergence of populist parties and the consequences for political conflict as well as democracy's capacity to reproduce their legitimacy. Moreover, it will extend the cross-country comparison from Europe to Latin America, where a major reaction to globalisation and its socio-economic consequences is not exclusive against immigration, but rather inclusive towards the marginalised underclass of their countries. In Module 2 we address the question why elites tend to have and act according to a more cosmopolitan world view than their citizens/electorates. While it seems plausible to assume that modest cosmopolitan positions are more widespread among political elites than among citizens, it is less obvious that especially economic elites are also widely committed to more ambitious cosmopolitan positions such as the constitutionalisation of global governance. On the one hand, the project seeks to explain why political elites are more cosmopolitan than citizens/electorates but also what the determinants of the emergence of different forms of cosmopolitanism among different elites are and how it clashes with different variants of communitarian inclinations of many ""normal"" citizens. In Module 3 we undertake an inquiry into the question about the relative distribution of (different types of) cosmopolitanism and communitarianism across different political arenas (supranational, international, transnational, national and regional). We assume that cosmopo­litan positions dominate the political arenas beyond the nation-state and use them mainly for purposes of agenda-setting and compliance with international norms within nation-states. In this way, they can strengthen their position in national political arenas without being necessarily in the majority position. At the same time, communitarian political forces are put into the defence and appear parochial. We will develop a distinct type of political sociology covering cosmopolitanism and communi­tarianism along the three mentioned paths of enquiry. The first project component focuses mainly, but not exclusively, on the first research module and will rely primarily on secondary analysis of population surveys and party programme data. We can therefore take a large-N approach and investigate a wide range of countries. Components two and three of the research project require the creation of primary data. We plan to apply three types of analysis in order to investigate the issues mentioned in research modules two and three: (1) A content and frame analysis of pro-cosmopolitan and pro-communitarian opinion articles in elite newspapers and weeklies as well as in opinion articles in tabloid newspapers. (2) An online questionnaire among members of the political elite (local, regional, national politicians/party functionaries and European/international functionaries as well as NGO representatives) measuring cosmopolita­nism and communitarianism items that are also available in existing representative population surveys, allowing a comparison between elite and mass opinions. (3) An analysis of the major focus of political activity when pursuing the cosmopolitan agenda. The hypothesis to be tested here is that cosmopolitans and communitarians act on different playing fields thus making the direct political confrontation impossible."
Year 2011
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63 Project

The problem of human trafficking in post-soviet Azerbaijan : socio-political context

Authors Sergey RUMYANSEV
Description
The protection of human rights, particularly in the context of international relations, and domestic policy formation in the field of gender equality are the two most important social and political contexts, within which the questions and discussions regarding the issue of human trafficking in Azerbaijan are addressed. It should be emphasized that, as a significant problem requiring a serious response on the part of state institutions, the problem of human trafficking has been on the agenda since the early 2000s. This is due to the increasingly active participation of both government officials and NGO representatives in various international programs and agreements, as well as the assumption of a number of obligations at international level, etc.
Year 2013
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65 Report

The challenges of cross-cultural research in the international setting

Authors Sondra S. Crosby, Michael A. Grodin
Year 2002
Journal Name ETHICS & BEHAVIOR
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67 Journal Article

Linking Migration Intentions with Flows: Evidence and Potential Use

Authors Jasper Tjaden, Daniel Auer, Frank Laczko
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration
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69 Journal Article

Essays on fiscal policy and the macroeconomy

Year 2018
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72 Doctoral Dissertation

Integration in Italy among selected migrant communities : does country of origin matter?

Authors Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Giuseppe GABRIELLI, Salvatore STROZZA
Year 2017
Book Title Migrant integration between homeland and host society. Volume 2, How countries of origin impact migrant integration outcomes : an analysis
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73 Book Chapter

What is the digital internal market and where the European Union should intervene?

Authors Philippe DEFRAIGNE, Alexandre DE STREEL
Year 2011
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74 Working Paper

European immigration : a sourcebook. Second edition

Authors Anna TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, Ruby GROPAS
Year 2014
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77 Book

Fighting discrimination in Europe : the case for a race-conscious approach

Authors Mathias MOSCHEL, Costanza HERMANIN, Michele GRIGOLO
Year 2012
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78 Book

Coda

Authors Helen Schwenken, Sabine Ruß-Sattar
Book Title New Border and Citizenship Politics
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79 Book Chapter

How to Carry Out Land Consolidation, An International Comparison

Authors Jian-Ming ZHOU
Year 1999
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81 Working Paper

Die Arbeitsmarktintegration qualifizierter MigrantInnen im internationalen Vergleich

Principal investigator Martin Abraham (Principal Investigator), Andreas Damelang (Principal Investigator)
Description
Das Projekt hat zum Ziel, die Chancen im Ausland ausgebildeter Migranten im Bewerbungsprozess sowie ihren Arbeitsmarkterfolg international vergleichend zu untersuchen. Da sich ihre Zielländer hinsichtlich der institutionellen Ausgestaltung des Arbeitsmarktes unterscheiden und diese Rahmenbedingungen das Rekrutierungsverhalten von Firmen beeinflussen, erwarten wir unterschiedliche Chancen für qualifizierte ausländische Fachkräfte.Im Einzelnen widmen wir uns den folgenden Forschungsfragen: a) Unterscheiden sich die Einstellungschancen zugewanderter Fachkräfte aus dem Ausland zwischen Aufnahmeländern mit unterschiedlichen institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen? und b) Inwiefern bieten Arbeitgeber unter diesen verschiedenen Rahmenbedingungen Möglichkeiten für Aufwärtsmobilität ausländischer Fachkräfte?Zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen vergleichen wir für verschiedene Einwanderungsländer die Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass Arbeitgeber qualifizierte Migranten einstellen. Dieser Ländervergleich ermöglicht zugleich Rückschlüsse darauf, ob individuelle Ausstattungsmerkmale von Migranten durch Arbeitgeber unter verschiedenen Rahmenbedingungen unterschiedlich bewertet werden. Erwartet wird, dass Migranten mit denselben Eigenschaften in den einzelnen Zielländern unterschiedliche Chancen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt haben.Unsere empirische Vorgehensweise sieht ein harmonisiertes experimentelles Erhebungsdesign (Faktorieller Survey) vor. Wir simulieren den Einstellungsprozess, indem wir Arbeitgebern hypothetische Bewerber vorstellen, die hinsichtlich ihrer individuellen Ausstattung variieren. Es ist geplant, diese Erhebung in sechs verschiedenen Zielländern durchzuführen. Die so gewonnenen Erkenntnisse sollen ergänzt werden um Analysen von Sekundärdaten (PIAAC: Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies). PIAAC ermöglicht länderübergreifend den Arbeitsmarkterfolg von Migranten unter Berücksichtigung ihrer individuellen Fähigkeiten zu messen. Unsere Studie leistet somit einen wichtigen Beitrag zum Verständnis der Arbeitsmarktintegration von Migranten. Erstens können wir die Rolle von Firmen im Integrationsprozess genauer bestimmen und zweitens die Rolle institutioneller Rahmenbedingungen herausarbeiten. Hieraus können wir Empfehlungen für politische Entscheidungsträger ableiten, wie institutionelle Rahmenbedingungen ausgestaltet sein müssen, damit die Integration von zugewanderten Fachkräften gelingt.Von der Einbettung in ein übergreifendes Projekt erwarten wir für unser Forschungsvorhaben einen großen gegenseitigen Nutzen, da das Netzwerk exzellente Möglichkeiten bietet, mit profilierten Forschern über Disziplinen hinweg kritisch zu diskutieren und zu kooperieren. Insbesondere stehen wir in direktem Austausch mit den folgenden Projekten: Einfluss beruflicher Institutionen (Gathmann/Hillmann); Matching auf dem Arbeitsmarkt (Merkl/Stüber); Die Rolle von Firmen und ihrer Personalpolitik für berufliche Mobilität (Gangl).
Year 2017
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82 Project

Readmission, return and reintegration in Georgia

Authors Mirian TUKHASHVILI
Description
The issue of regulating migratory processes has drawn increasing attention in Georgia over the last few years. Entities are being established within different ministries and normative acts for regulating this sphere are being published. Recipient countries have to deport illegal immigrants back to their countries of origin. However, there are now attempts to make their return to the homeland, including, inter alia, their deportation, as humane as possible complying with internationally recognized human rights principles.
Year 2013
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87 Report

Indicators of Citizenship Rights for Immigrants

Principal investigator Ruud Koopmans (Principal Investigator), Ines Michalowski (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Theoretical background and objectives This project investigates the merits of different theoretical perspectives regarding the factors shaping the granting of rights of individual equality and recognition of cultural differences by nation-states to immigrants. The perspective of post-national citizenship (Jacobson 1997; Sassen 1998; Soysal 1994) emphasises the role of supranational authorities such as the European Union and the legal frameworks associated with them, which are said to increasingly constrain nation-states in implementing restrictive policies regarding immigrant and cultural minority rights. The perspective of democratic liberalism (Joppke 2007) also expects convergence between countries, at least among liberal-democratic ones, because of their self-commitment to fundamental principles of equality and protection of minorities. The courts in particular are viewed as upholding such principles, sometimes against restrictive ambitions of governments. A third perspective (Brubaker 1992; Koopmans et al. 2005) emphasises national path dependence and the resilience of national traditions of citizenship and national identity. This perspective therefore predicts no or limited convergence and does not lead us to expect a secular trend towards more inclusive rights. We analyse rights in the eight thematic fields of nationality acquisition, family reunification, expulsion, anti-discrimination, public-sector employment for non-nationals, political rights for non-nationals, cultural rights in education, as well as other cultural and religious rights. Theoretically, these rights for immigrants are classified according to two dimensions that partly cross-cut the eight thematic fields. The first dimension captures the inclusiveness of a country's understanding of citizenship by distinguishing countries where access to equal rights is difficult for immigrants from countries where immigrants can easily, and in the case of the second generation sometimes automatically, join the community of citizens. The second dimension shows how countries deal with cultural and religious diversity: the differences here range between those countries that are willing to recognise minority groups and adopt a pluralistic strategy by granting cultural and religious group rights, and those countries that are reluctant to recognise such groups, do not grant any specific rights but on the contrary require immigrants to assimilate to a dominant culture. Research design, data and methodology The project is based on original data drawn from policy documents, legal texts, secondary literature, internet websites, and expert information. The qualitative information from these sources is transformed into ordinal codes, classifying policies as more or less restrictive in terms of the extent and accessibility of rights for immigrants. Temporal trends in the means (as a measure of liberalisation) and cross-national standard deviations (as a measure of convergence) of policies are related by way of bivariate and multivariate regression analyses to explanatory variables such as EU membership, the strength and scope of judicial review, government incumbency of left-wing parties, and the electoral strength of right-wing populist parties. In the first phase of the project data have been gathered for ten North-Western European countries for four measurement years: 1980, 1990, 2002, and 2008. In a second phase, data was collected for four classical anglo-saxon settler countries as well as for additional Eastern and Southern European countries, Middle Eastern, East Asian, African and South American countries. As a result, data is now available for 29 countries for the year 2008. Findings First results for the ten European countries find little evidence for cross-national convergence and strong support for national path dependence. In most countries rights became more inclusive until 2002, but this trend was not universal (Denmark and France deviate) and stagnated or partly reversed in virtually all countries afterwards, in association with the rise of right-wing populist parties. EU membership, the scope of judicial review in a country, and left-wing government incumbency had no noticeable impact on trends and differences in citizenship rights. Our conclusion is that there is little support that supranational regulation or a common dynamic within liberal democracies produce convergence of citizenship rights for immigrants, which for the moment continue to be strongly divergent and shaped by national institutional and policy traditions. In a second step we study explanations for cross-national differences in granting citizenship rights to immigrants for 29 countries worldwide for the year 2008. We first test theories on immigrant rights across 29 countries from Europe, Africa, the Middle East, East Asia, Oceania, and the Americas, using our Indicators of Citizenship Rights for Immigrants (ICRI) data set. We focus on trajectories of nationhood and current institutional features to explain cross-national difference. We find that former colonial powers, former colonies that developed as settler countries, as well as democracies have been more likely to extend rights to immigrants. Strikingly, once we account for involvement in colonialism, we find no difference between supposedly “civic-nationalist” early nation-states and supposedly “ethnic-nationalist” latecomer nations, refuting a widely held belief in the literature on citizenship. We find no effect of a country’s degree of political globalization. We replicate these findings on a sample of 35 mainly European countries, using the migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX)."
Year 2007
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89 Project

Humanitarian Problems Relating to Migration in the Turkish- Greek Border Region: The Crucial Role of Civil Society Organisations.

Authors Max Schaub
Description
Drawing on a comprehensive analysis of migration-related humanitarian problems in the Turkish-Greek border region, this brief argues that civil society organisations (CSOs) have a key role to play in ameliorating the situation. Migrants and refugees clandestinely attempting to cross the Turkish-Greek border region suffer from a host of human rights violations. They are mistreated by smugglers, detained under intolerable conditions, and are at risk of being illegally pushed-back across the border to Turkey and deported. Since the actions of governments are at the core of the humanitarian problems, civil society organisations are virtually the only actors that can help to reduce the numbers of violations and to promote the humane treatment of migrants and refugees. However, the report shows that existing organisations in both Turkey and Greece are poorly positioned to take on such a role, as they lack staff and volunteers, access to funds and know-how. CSOs from regions that face fewer problems should thus support organisations active in the border region. CSOs should both assist and monitor state authorities. On the international level, local and international CSOs should continue to pressure European govern-ments to devise more constructive migration policies.
Year 2013
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91 Report

Media exposure and internal migration - Evidence from Indonesia

Authors Lídia Farré, Francesco Fasani
Year 2013
Journal Name JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
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92 Journal Article

La migration irrégulière au Mali

Authors Modibo KEITA
Description
Le présent article aborde la problématique de la migration irrégulière au Mali en la plaçant dans son contexte historique, sous-régional et national. Il montre comment le concept de migration irrégulière, informelle, illégale ou clandestine est récemment apparu du fait des modifications apportées aux cadres législatifs nationaux à partir des années 1970 et 1980 afin de restreindre la mobilité internationale des personnes. Les causes qui poussent à la migration irrégulière sont esquissées et les principaux acteurs responsables de sa gestion sont passés en revue ainsi que leurs stratégies d’intervention. L’article se termine par des recommandations pertinentes pouvant contribuer à maîtriser durablement les flux migratoires provenant du Mali et de la sous-région ouest-africaine en général. Abstract This paper deals with the issue of irregular migration in Mali with an historical perspective and in the regional and national context. It shows how the concepts of irregular, informal, illegal or clandestine migration appeared because of the modification of the legal frameworks ruling migration in the 1970s and 1980s, with the aim of limiting the mobility of the persons at an international level. The push factors of irregular migration are briefly presented, as well as the main actors responsible for the management of migration and their strategies. This paper concludes with policy recommendations contributing to a sustain management of migration flows from Mali and the West African sub region.
Year 2011
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93 Report

Polish Migrating - from Globetrotting to See-sawing

Authors Izabela Bukraba-Rylska
Year 2009
Journal Name Eastern European Countryside
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96 Journal Article

Essays in macro and labor

Year 2018
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
97 Doctoral Dissertation

Police Cooperation in Internal Enforcement of Immigration Control: Learning from International Comparison

Authors Franck Düvell, Bastian Vollmer, Dita Vogel, ...
Year 2009
Book Title Immigration, Crime and Justice: 13 (Sociology of Crime, Law and Deviance)
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98 Book Chapter

Context-Based Qualitative Research and Multi-sited Migration Studies in Europe

Authors Russell King
Book Title Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies
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99 Book Chapter

World Population Policies Database

Description
Since the mid-1970s, the World Population Policies Database, last updated in 2015, provides comprehensive and up-to-date information on the population policy situation and trends for all Member States and non-member States of the United Nations. Among several areas, the database shows the evolution of government views and policies with respect to internal and international migration. The migration strand covers internal migration, immigration, emigration, and return. The Database is updated biennially by conducting a detailed country-by-country review of national plans and strategies, programme reports, legislative documents, official statements and various international, Inter-governmental and non-governmental sources, as well as by using official responses to the United Nations Inquiry among Governments on Population and Development.
Year 2015
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100 Data Set
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