Means of travel and transportation

There are several means of transportation used by migrants including airplanes, coaches and trains, cars and taxis, ships, ferries, boats, rubber dinghies and even bicycles or donkeys. In recent decades, there has been a huge increase in the number of carriers and in particular low budget carriers available to travellers and migrants. For the regular passenger, journeys have become safer, faster, and more affordable, connecting more places than ever before. For the irregular passenger however, journeys often remain dangerous, slow and expensive. Many means of transportation such as low budget flights or long distance coaches are used simultaneously by travellers and migrants, as well as by regular and irregular migrants.

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Where We Fly: Low Cost Carrier Journeys and Locations and their Roles in Promoting European Intercultural Dialogue, Shaping European Representations and Establishing Social Networks

Description
This project aims to identify and understand the roles played by Low Cost Carriers (LCCs) in constructing our changing of sense of European social and cultural space and promoting intercultural dialogue in Europe. It seeks to increase knowledge about the new rationales, representations and relations that underlie the increased opportunities and proliferation of routes opened up by LCCs, and to explain their impact on the ways we perceive, communicate and imagine ourselves through origins, journeys and destinations in Europe. In the process, the project considers the identifications and motivations (including both push and pull factors) for LCC travel, be it for leisure (weekend breaks, holidays, visiting friends and family, stag and hen nights, cultural, sporting and sexual tourism) or business (commuting, outsourcing, temporary migration, expansion of markets). Equally, the project is concerned with documenting and analyzing spatial and temporal representations of LCC travel, including journeys and destinations, as evidenced in the promotional material of LCCs (marketing, branding, in-flight magazines, websites) and representations of the companies and the journeys in popular culture (from internet video sharing and social networking sites to instances described in film and text). However, as the 2005 film One Day in Europe suggests by the bi-national cameos it explores, contact between cultures, communities and individuals in Europe, while increasing in volume, is not always marked by greater cultural understanding, and the project is equally concerned with uncovering the new forms of disparity and disadvantage, resentment and prejudice within the borderlands of regional airline Europe.
Year 2010
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1 Project

Migration, vehicles, and politics

Authors William Walters
Year 2015
Journal Name European Journal of Social Theory
Citations (WoS) 28
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2 Journal Article

The Journey of Skiing: Starting from the Altay Region Extending to the Winter Olympic Games

Authors Imdat Yarim, Ebru Cetin, Birgul Gungor Orman
Year 2021
Journal Name ANNALS OF APPLIED SPORT SCIENCE
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3 Journal Article

"WHERE HAVE YOU BROUGHT US, SIR?" GENDER, DISPLACEMENT, AND THE CHALLENGES OF "HOMECOMING" FOR INDIAN JEWS IN DIMONA, 1950S-60S

Authors Maina Chawla Singh
Year 2013
Journal Name SHOFAR-AN INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF JEWISH STUDIES
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5 Journal Article

Nepali Migrant Workers and the Need for Pre-departure Training on Mental Health: A Qualitative Study

Authors Pramod R. Regmi, Padam Simkhada, Pratik Adhikary, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
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6 Journal Article

Steerage, Cattle Cars, and Red River Carts: Traveling to the Canadian Western Prairies to Homestead, 1876-1914

Authors Sandra Rollings-Magnusson
Year 2014
Journal Name JOURNAL OF FAMILY HISTORY
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7 Journal Article

Shadow mobilities: regulating migrant bicyclists in rural Ontario, Canada

Authors Emily Reid-Musson
Year 2018
Journal Name Mobilities
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8 Journal Article

Galileo Localization for Railway Operation Innovation

Description
The European satellite based localization system Galileo which is currently put into operation promises innovative solutions for transport. The goal of this project is to apply Galileo as a base for migration from conventional railway localization equipment towards guaranteed Galileo Safety of Life (SoL) services for transportation. Since in Europe nearly 50% of all railway lines belong to secondary railway lines (and probably even more in non-European countries), this sector may be assumed as a niche but could rise to a mass market if the number about 50,000 locomotives in Europe is regarded. Reaching for safe, efficient and energy saving train control the new resulting localization unit promises a short-term return on investment (ROI). The outline for the project GaLoROI therefore aims on replacing trackside or manual localization technique by satellite based localization equipment on trains. This fundamental shift of paradigm generates the localization data at the source of movement to the train. This corresponds also to ETCS level 3. Railway Operators will be enabled to replace expensive and old track side equipment by modern on-board satellite based localization units. On-board satellite based localization supply the train control and protection as well as interlocking and track vacancy detection with safe and accurate position information at lower costs. Cost-intensive maintenance of track side equipment will not be necessary anymore. If satellite based localization is integrated into a modern train control system, the capacity and/ or frequency of trains will increase and thus will enable more attractively public transport solutions and freight transport. Localization and train control could benefit through satellite based localization. Moreover optimized train dispatching will benefit from precise localization as well as energy optimized runs of trains.
Year 2012
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10 Project

Kinotextuality in Matt Huynh’s The Boat

Authors Mike Lehman
Year 2020
Journal Name Crossings: Journal of Migration & Culture
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11 Journal Article

Coach migration in German high performance sport

Authors Pamela Wicker, Christoph Breuer, Johannes Orlowski
Year 2018
Journal Name EUROPEAN SPORT MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY
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12 Journal Article

THE SHIP AS A PRE-OCCUPIED SPACE: A THEORETICAL AND APPLLIED APPROACH TO MIGRANT CULTURE BETWEEN ITALY AND THE UNITED STATES

Authors Teresa Fiore
Year 2015
Journal Name ZIBALDONE-ESTUDIOS ITALIANOS DE LA TORRE DEL VIRREY
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13 Journal Article

Minors Travelling Alone: A Risk Group for Human Trafficking?

Authors Ilse Derluyn, Eric Broekaert, Valesca Lippens, ...
Year 2010
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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14 Journal Article

Australia’s Operation Sovereign Borders: Discourse, Power, and Policy from a Crimmigration Perspective: Table 1.

Authors Patrick van Berlo
Year 2015
Journal Name Refugee Survey Quarterly
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15 Journal Article

Minors Travelling Alone: A Risk Group for Human Trafficking?

Authors Ilse Derluyn, Valesca Lippens, Tony Verachtert, ...
Year 2009
Journal Name International Migration
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16 Journal Article

DOES THE AIRPORT AS NO-PLACE? PRELIMINARY THOUGHTS

Authors Angelica Alvites Baiadera
Year 2015
Journal Name REVISTA SAN GREGORIO
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17 Journal Article

‘Mobile sociology’

Authors Caroline Knowles
Year 2010
Journal Name The British Journal of Sociology
Citations (WoS) 11
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18 Journal Article

Migration by Boat

Authors Lynda Mannik
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19 Book

Study on Airport Asylum Procedures at European Airports

Principal investigator Martin Wagner (Project Coordinator)
Description
The Swiss Federal Office for Migration (BFM) has commissioned the ICMPD to undertake a comparative study of asylum procedures at seven European airports - Zürich, Brussels, Frankfurt a.M., London-Heathrow, Vienna, Paris-Roissy and Schiphol. Objectives • To provide an overview of the legal and practical framework and methods applied in the selected airports • To enable the BMF to put the Swiss policies into a European perspective • To design better and more rational airport asylum procedures Outcomes Comparative analysis of: • Asylum procedure at the airport • Accommodation of asylum seekers during the procedure in the transit zone • Deportation and securing The study includes elements of field research (qualitative interviews with governmental, non-governmental and international organisations involved as well as visitation of the respective premises at the airport) and desk research (examination of legal texts, literature and relevant statistics).
Year 2008
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20 Project

UNITED-STATES-POLICY TOWARD HAITIAN BOAT PEOPLE, 1972-93

Authors C MITCHELL
Year 1994
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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21 Journal Article

Four stories of migration in Veracruz: deserters and returnees on the Dutch frigate Agata Galera [1747]

Authors Alejandro Salamanca Rodriguez
Year 2020
Journal Name TRASHUMANTE-REVISTA AMERICANA DE HISTORIA SOCIAL
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22 Journal Article

Innovative Intelligent Rail

Description
IN2RAIL is to set the foundations for a resilient, consistent, cost-efficient, high capacity European network by delivering important building blocks that unlock the innovation potential that exists in SHIFT2RAIL: innovative technologies will be explored and resulting concepts embedded in a systems framework where infrastructure, information management, maintenance techniques, energy, and engineering are integrated, optimised, shared and exploited. IN2RAIL will make advances towards SHIFT2RAIL objectives: enhancing the existing capacity fulfilling user demand; increasing the reliability delivering better and consistent quality of service; reducing the LCC increasing competitiveness of the EU rail system. To achieve the above, a holistic approach covering Smart Infrastructures, Intelligent Mobility Management (I2M)and Rail Power Supply and Energy Management will be applied. Smart Infrastructure addresses the fundamental design of critical assets - switches and crossings and tracks. It will research components capable of meeting future railway demands and will utilise modern technologies in the process. Risk and condition-based LEAN approaches to optimise RAMS and LCC in asset maintenance activities will be created to tackle the root causes of degradation. I2M researches automated, interoperable and inter-connected advanced traffic management systems; scalable and upgradable systems, utilising standardised products and interfaces, enabling easy migration from legacy systems; the wealth of data and information on assets and traffic status; information management systems adding the capability of nowcasting and forecasting of critical asset statuses. Rail Power Supply and Energy Management create solutions to improve the energy performance of the railway system. Research on new power systems characterised by reduced losses and capable of balancing energy demands, along with innovative energy management systems enabling accurate and precise estimates of energy flows.
Year 2015
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23 Project

Mobility and fisherfolk livelihoods on Lake Victoria: Implications for vulnerability and risk

Authors Fiona Nunan
Year 2010
Journal Name Geoforum
Citations (WoS) 31
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24 Journal Article

ETCS Advanced Testing and Smart Train Positioning System

Description
Currently European Train Control System (ETCS) rollout is a major concern for the railway sector. Equipment for ETCS level 1 and 2 typically follows a long process before being put into service due to interpretation variations in the specification and certification procedures requiring long and expensive field-testing. On the other hand, migration from ETCS level 2 to 3 has not been yet foreseen due to the technical. EATS has the objective to address these two situations: 1. EATS will propose innovative lab. tools providing a model of the on-board ERTMS system, and including the dynamic behaviour of the air-gap comm. and fault injection for the safety assessment. This will lead to reduced laboratory and field-testing certification process time and cost. In the current economic situation, this is crucial to keep the ETCS deployment speed. 2. EATS will propose a novel positioning system based on the combination of different techniques proved useful for other industrial sectors and exploit unique features of the railway and the train. Moreover, RAMS analysis and laboratory testing are foreseen to verify the proposed technical solution. This will be a step forward towards ETCS level 3 that minimizes trackside costs and maximizes track capacity. The consortium is clearly concerned about the return to the society of the funding obtained. Dissemination will be done by a web site with open forum, 2 workshops for industry, 2 courses for engineering students, 8 scientific papers, an Advisory Board and contribution to standards. The consortium presents 3 key characteristics to overcome these challenges: world class organizations with successful previous experiences (e.g. CEIT coordinates [TREND], NSL participated in [GRAIL]); it involves technology providers (CEIT, FhG), subsystem integrator (INT), service providers (NSL, ESOL) and Notified Body (CETREN). Finally, the consortium has a small size to eliminate inefficiencies and work redundancies typical from large IP projects.
Year 2012
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25 Project

Border Control Politics as Technologies of Citizenship in Europe and North America

Authors Kim Rygiel
Book Title New Border and Citizenship Politics
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26 Book Chapter

Actual and ideal sources of coaching knowledge of elite Chinese coaches

Authors Chao He, Pierre Trudel, Diane M. Culver
Year 2018
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCE & COACHING
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27 Journal Article

Everyday multiculturalism: catching the bus in Darwin, Australia

Authors Michele Lobo
Year 2014
Journal Name Social & Cultural Geography
Citations (WoS) 25
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29 Journal Article

The Cross-Border Migration

Authors Rutvica Andrijasevic
Book Title Migration, Agency and Citizenship in Sex Trafficking
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30 Book Chapter

Emerging infrastructures of low-cost aviation in Southeast Asia

Authors Max Hirsh
Year 2017
Journal Name Mobilities
Citations (WoS) 1
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31 Journal Article

Contexts and Catalysts

Authors Helen Taylor
Book Title Refugees and the Meaning of Home
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32 Book Chapter

Galileo Signal Priority

Description
Since GPS has reached full operational capability in 1993, the system has been taken up by public transport applications quite slowly compared to automotive navigation devices on the road. Even today GPS is used only at some installations for traveller information for tram/bus arrival time, but mostly not for demanding tasks that affect traffic light control. The current proposal on “GSP – Galileo Signal Priority” starts right here with the application of transit signal priority (TSP) for vehicles of public transportation (PT). The project focus has been put on TSP to overcome the last obstacle for a sustainable introduction of GNSS to support and improve all functions of PT. With this step the existing infrastructure based systems (which are less flexible and more cost intensive) shall be dispensable, to save cost on equipment and maintenance and explore the full potential of onboard intelligence, where GNSS has a leading role to enable the overall application. In this regard the main aim of this proposal is: • To develop a prototype for robust positioning exploring EGNOS, EDAS or Galileo as main sensor, in order to satisfying all the requirements in PT. • To develop new traffic light control schemes, which can explore the advantages of GNSS based systems in PT and overcome the deficiencies of costly infrastructure based systems. Both steps are essential elements for a successful market entry plan to bring robust positioning into demanding PT applications. While new performance levels in positioning are achievable through the use of EGNOS, EDAS and Galileo, the migration of this innovative technology into existing systems of PT has to be solved as well. A concept will be elaborated to enable a smooth transition from state of the art systems, towards new PT schemes on the basis of innovative products. The project objectives support the development of adequate GNSS based products, including necessary steps for their integration into modern ITCS.
Year 2012
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33 Project

Asylum-Seekers Prosecuted for Human Smuggling: A Case Study of Scafisti in Italy

Authors Flavia Patane, Maarten P. Bolhuis, Joris Van Wijk, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
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34 Journal Article

Search And Rescue Aid and Surveillance using High EGNSS Accuracy

Description
SARA: Search and Rescue Aid using High Accuracy EGNSS The purpose of the SARA project is to engineer and to start to commercialise a dedicated solution, based on an already existing prototype, to be used for Search and Rescue (SAR) and Surveillance purposes (primary market). The need for such a solution comes in particular from the institutional market (but it is not limited to) requesting a technological support to manage migration flux aspects, with particular attention to crisis in the Mediterranean Sea: Europe needs to balances efforts to assist people in need with efforts to secure its borders. On the basis of the above scenario, the industrial composition of the SARA consortium has been contacted by Italian Coast Guard two years ago in order to provide a technological contribution supporting vessels to detect people lost in the sea, especially during the hours of darkness. According to the above request, SARA solution is conceived to build up a semi-automatic system using Earth Observation data to preliminary detect suspect pontoons’ trajectories (Surveillance) and supporting SAR operations based upon a deployable RPAS (Remotely Piloted Aircraft System) which is tightly coupled with a ship architecture through a cable (tethered flight): as soon as its function is needed, the aircraft flies from its home (a dedicated hangar on the top of the ship), and becomes a “virtual pylon” which elevates a VIS-TIR sensor (Visual Spectrum and Thermal Infrared); captured images are processed in real time by a local computer. Both RPAS and hangar are equipped with 2 high accuracy EGNSS receivers (i.e. Galileo ready) in order to provide the relative positioning between the hangar and the RPAS hovering on the target. On this context, EGNSS represents an essential technology ensuring autonomous operations in a reliable manner guaranteeing provision of distance and bearing from ship to survivors and the protection of the extensible cable against mechanical stress.
Year 2018
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35 Project

Narratives of Continuity and Change: British Social and Political Attitudes in South Africa

Authors Pauline Leonard, Daniel Conway
Book Title Migration, Space and Transnational Identities
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36 Book Chapter

The Carceral Archipelago: transnational circulations in global perspective, 1415-1960

Description
This project centres ‘the carceral archipelago’ in the history of the making of the modern world. It analyses the relationships and circulations between and across convict transportation, penal colonies and labour, migration, coercion and confinement. It incorporates all the global powers engaged in transportation for the purpose of expansion and colonization - Europe, Russia, Latin America, China, Japan – over the period from Portugal’s first use of convicts in North Africa in 1415 to the dissolution of Stalin’s gulags in 1960. It uses an innovative theoretical base to shift convict transportation out of the history of crime and punishment into the new questions being raised by global and postcolonial history. The project maps for the first time global networks of transportation and penal colonies. It undertakes case study archival research on relatively unexplored convict flows, and on the mobility of ideas and practices around transportation and other modes of confinement. It analyses its findings within the broader literature, including on transportation but also debates around the definition of freedom/ unfreedom, the importance of circulating labour, and global divergence and convergence. It redefines what we mean by ‘transportation,’ explores penal transportation as an engine of global change, de-centres Europe in historical analysis, and defines long-term impacts on economy, society and identity. It places special stress on investigating whether a transnational approach to the topic gives us a fresh theoretical starting point for studying global history that moves beyond ‘nation’ or ‘empire.’ The project lies at the intersections of national, colonial and global history, and economic, social and cultural history. It will be of wide interest to scholars of labour, migration, punishment and confinement; comparative and global history; diaspora, creolization and cultural translation; and museum and heritage studies.
Year 2013
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37 Project

Stakeholders and Competition in the Transportation of Migrants: Moving Greeks to Australia in the Post-War Era

Authors Ioannis Limnios-Sekeris
Year 2015
Journal Name The Journal of Transport History
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38 Journal Article

Piloting and industrial validation of autonomous and sustainable animal deterring system for the rail transport

Description
At NEEL we have developed an absolute novelty on a world scale: UOZ-1 animal deterring system that successfully prevents the animal-train collisions. The device exploits an animal natural sensitivity to sound and just before a train approach, at the time of the danger, a series of sounds stimulates animal instinct and enforces their life defensive reflex reaction in the form of escape. Our UOZ-1 animal deterring devise has been created in response to the particular need of preventing collisions of wild animals with trains in areas where the migration routes of animals cross the railway lines. The primary objective of the SafeTrain Project is to pilot and test in real environment the autonomous system for the automatic train detection that will be integrated with our UOZ-2 animal deterring device. The new train location system will be based on an intelligent mechanism of listening for an approaching train commercially known as an “Indian ear”. Our goal is to incorporate it into the animal deterring system in order to make it independent from the currently used rail signalling system. This will not only reduce the complexity of the whole system but also will reduce the investment and maintenance costs down to 60% of the todays costs. The secondary, but not less important goal is the development of green powering system for UOZ-2 utilising renewable energy sources to make the system energetically self-sustained. This will be of particular importance in areas where the rail track has not been electrified and thus with limited access to grid power. Our acoustic method for train-animal collisions prevention is an excellent solution that allows preservation of ecological corridors and animal migration routes and significantly reduces the safety and business risk of rail carriers. It overcomes all limitations of the state-of the-art solutions available on the market, and looking at Europe only, opens the way to the market worth of nearly 125m€.
Year 2015
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39 Project

Boat migration across the Central Mediterranean: drivers, experiences and responses

Authors S McMahon, N Sigona
Description
In 2015 an estimated 1,011,712 people crossed the Mediterranean to Europe in search of safety and a better life. 3,770 are known to have died trying to make this journey1. Funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Department for International Development (DfID), the MEDMIG project examines the dynamics, determinants, drivers and infrastructures underpinning this recent migration across and loss of life in the Mediterranean. This research brief presents some of our findings in relation to the Central Mediterranean route from North Africa to Italy and Malta, exploring the dynamics of migration before, during and after the sea crossing. We will place particular focus on the motivations, routes and experiences of those making the journey and local, national and European Union (EU) policy responses.
Year 2016
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40 Report

Engendering Security at the Borders of Europe: Women Migrants and the Mediterranean ‘Crisis’

Authors Jane Freedman
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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41 Journal Article

COVER THE JOURNEY

Authors Patrizia Calefato
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIETES
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42 Journal Article

Emigration and Economic Theory: Missing the Boat in Mexico and Ecuador

Authors Jon Jonakin
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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43 Journal Article

The Migration Machine

Authors Albert Meijer, Huub Dijstelbloem, Michiel Besters
Book Title Migration and the New Technological Borders of Europe
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44 Book Chapter

Victims of their Fantasies or Heroes for a Day? Media Representations, Local History and Daily Narratives on Boat Migrations from Senegal

Authors Stefano degli Uberti
Year 2014
Journal Name Cahiers d'études africaines
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45 Journal Article

TRAIN DE VIE. THE FORBIDDEN MIRAGE OF THE WEST IN MATEI VISNIEC'S THEATRE

Authors Eva Marinai
Year 2020
Journal Name CAIETELE ECHINOX
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46 Journal Article

Migrant Networks and Trade: The Vietnamese Boat People as a Natural Experiment

Authors Christopher Parsons, Pierre‐Louis Vézina
Year 2018
Journal Name The Economic Journal
Citations (WoS) 5
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47 Journal Article

Exile and migration in La nave de los locos, by Cristina Peri Rossi. A journey to others' spaces

Authors Juan D. Cid Hidalgo
Year 2012
Journal Name CO-HERENCIA
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48 Journal Article

Migrant Experience and Spatial Appropriations: A Visual Ethnography of the Surroundings of the Arica International Terminal (Chile)

Authors Kilenara Lube-Guizardi, Orlando Heredia, Arlene Munoz, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name REVISTA DE ESTUDIOS SOCIALES
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49 Journal Article

Desertions in nineteenth-century shipping: modelling quit behaviour

Authors Jari Ojala, Jaakko Pehkonen, Jari Eloranta
Year 2013
Journal Name EUROPEAN REVIEW OF ECONOMIC HISTORY
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50 Journal Article

Human Resource Deficit in Atlantic Canada: A Challenge for Regional Economic Development

Authors Ather H. Akbari
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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51 Journal Article

Why Migrant Smuggling Pays

Authors Khalid Koser, Khalid Koser
Year 2008
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 35
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52 Journal Article

The Beast: Riding the Rails and Dodging Narcos on the Migrant Train.

Authors Ellen Van Damme
Year 2018
Journal Name Latin American Perspectives
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53 Journal Article

Crisis, normality and European regional migration governance

Authors Andrew GEDDES
Year 2019
Book Title [Migration Policy Centre]
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54 Book Chapter

MAKING IT TO THE CENTER, MIGRATION AND ADAPTATION AMONG HAITIAN BOAT-PEOPLE

Authors RM Chierici
Year 1987
Journal Name NEW YORK FOLKLORE
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55 Journal Article

Satellite based operation and management of local low traffic lines (SATLOC)

Description
The project addresses the development of innovative GNSS Safety of Live (SoL) application in the train control speed supervision, train control and traffic management of low traffic lines (LTL). The application contributes to the adoption of EGNOS as a precursor and to the introduction of Galileo in the rail safety related domain. Application is in a broad context since it introduces the GNSS train positioning and speed determination with SoL characteristics in all critical operations of a railway line. The project includes the development and integration of new concept, software, hardware, services and datasets compatible with the current evolution of the rail signalling and rail standards. The selection of LTL application demonstrates the complementarity and migration to the ETCS when GNSS is applied in a holistic approach. Overall objective: Develop and demonstrate by real train operation the innovative concept of applying the GNSS SoL to railway safety and produce advanced operation on low traffic lines and hence: • Stimulate adoption of EGNOS within new innovative rail operation with important market impact and with important effects on socio-economic, mobility and environment; • Prepare markets for Galileo introduction since EGNOS is the precursor of GALILEO. Enablers will be created including the awareness and preparation of the railway operations to immediately apply the new system; • Stimulate EU GNSS industry competitiveness in domains which are reputed (railway safety, railway integrated operations) for using mostly traditional ground-based technologies and conservative for global approach. The railway industries and the satellite navigation industries will cooperate. The overall result is the full specification, applied technology and live demonstration – to create impact and proof of feasibility and economic evidence, validated and certified under the EU ruling and applied on the line Brasov – Zarnesti of the RCCF-TRANS (Romania).
Year 2012
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56 Project

Migration between social and criminal networks. Jumping the remains of the Honduran migration train

Year 2013
Book Title The Migration Industry and the Commercialization of International Migration
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57 Book Chapter

Program participation of immigrant children: Evidence from the local availability of Head Start

Authors Matthew Neidell, Jane Waldfogel
Year 2009
Journal Name Economics of Education Review
Citations (WoS) 8
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58 Journal Article

Migrants smuggled by sea to the EU : facts, laws and policy options

Authors Philippe DE BRUYCKER, Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Philippe FARGUES
Description
On 3 October 2013, 366 migrants drowned when their boat sank less than a mile off the shore of the Italian island of Lampedusa. A number of questions must be addressed in finding the best policy response to this tragedy. Was it the sign of a new trend in irregular migration to the EU; or was it a sign of increased risks associated with smuggling? Do smuggled migrants resemble regular asylum seekers and migrants or do they represent a specific group? In other words do the Lampedusa events call for a drastic revision of EU asylum and migration policy or an ad hoc response?
Year 2013
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59 Report

Dutch International Migration Statistics, 1820–1880: An Analysis of Linked Multinational Nominal Files

Authors Robert P. Swierenga
Year 1981
Journal Name International Migration Review
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60 Journal Article

The transatlantic market for British convict labor

Authors F GRUBB
Year 2000
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC HISTORY
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61 Journal Article

Making Movements Possible: Transportation Workers and Mobility in West Africa

Authors Timothy Mechlinski
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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62 Journal Article

Rebuilding the ship at sea: super-diversity, person and conduct in eastern Oslo

Authors Thomas Hylland Eriksen
Year 2015
Journal Name Global Networks
Citations (WoS) 4
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63 Journal Article

Normative and image motivations for transportation policy compliance

Authors Jingkang Gao, Jinhua Zhao
Year 2017
Journal Name Urban Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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64 Journal Article

Population distribution and standard of living in Iceland

Authors Valdimar Kristinsson
Year 1973
Journal Name Geoforum
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65 Journal Article

Institutional and organizational adaptation emergency. Lessons from irregular maritime African migration to the Canary Islands

Authors El Observatorio de la Inmigración de Tenerife (OBITen)
Description
During 2006 the Canary Islands received more than 30,000 boat people from the West African coasts. The so-called “cayuco crisis” resulted in institutional and or-ganizational improvement in the management of irre-gular migration flows through the Canaries Regional Coordination Centre, established in 2006. The centre coordinates the interception, retention and repatriation provisions and integrates several institutional actors like Frontex, the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and NGOs. The paper describes this new institutional structure, its functions, actions and organi-zation. Several years have passed since 2006 and arrivals have dropped to low levels. There are lessons to be drawn from the organizational innovation experience in the Canary Islands. The paper identifies improvements and shortcomings in managing irregular migration flows.
Year 2012
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66 Report

Exclusion Through Imperio: Entanglements of Law and Geography in the Waiting Zone, Excised Territory and Search and Rescue Region

Authors Pauline Maillet, Alison Mountz, Kira Williams
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIAL & LEGAL STUDIES
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67 Journal Article

Bus stops, triple wins and two steps: nurse migration in and out of Asia

Authors MARGARET WALTON‐ROBERTS
Year 2020
Journal Name Global Networks
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68 Journal Article

Illegal Immigration to Hong Kong

Authors Chung-Tong Wu, Christine Inglis
Year 1992
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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69 Journal Article

The World of an Irish Merchant Migrant to the Canadas, 1830-43: The Memoir of David Blair Little

Authors Angela Byrne
Year 2019
Journal Name IMMIGRANTS AND MINORITIES
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70 Journal Article

Harms at the Crossroads of Carework and Irregular Migration

Authors Brandy Cochrane
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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71 Journal Article

European Security Challenges

Authors Franck DÜVELL, Bastian VOLLMER
Description
Irregular migration was first noted during the 1970s, peaked around 2000 and is decreasing, the stock dropped to 3.8 million in 2008 and the flow of clandestine entry dropped to 103,000 apprehensions in 2009. Migration and border controls have been stepped up considerably by the EU and its member states over the past 15 years and were also extended to almost all neighbouring and transit countries along the main routes. Although clandestine entry, notably the arrival of boat people triggers most attention and is high on the policy agenda the overwhelming majority of irregular immigrants enter legally and then overstay, work in breach of their visa limits or otherwise lose their status; others claim asylum, are refused but stay on irregularly.
Year 2011
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72 Report

Why are you draining your brain? Factors underlying decisions of graduating Lebanese medical students to migrate

Authors Elie A. Akl, Holger Schunemann, Nancy Maroun, ...
Year 2007
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
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73 Journal Article

Migration, Frontiers and Displacements in the City. Dynamics of Urban Otherness in Buenos Aires

Authors Sergio Caggiano, R Segura
Year 2014
Journal Name REVISTA DE ESTUDIOS SOCIALES
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74 Journal Article

Crossing the Mediterranean Sea by Boat: Mapping and Documenting Migratory Journeys and Experiences

Authors V. Squire, A. Dimitriadi, N. Perkowski, ...
Description
This report provides a unique, in-depth analysis of the impact of EU policies in addressing the socalled European migration or refugee ‘crisis’ in 2015 and 2016. Crossing the Mediterranean Sea by Boat undertook 257 in-depth qualitative interviews with a total of 271 participants across seven sites in two phases: Kos, Malta and Sicily from September-November 2015, and Athens, Berlin, Istanbul and Rome from May-July 2016. Uniquely, the project focused directly on the impact of policies upon people on the move, drawing together policy analysis and observational fieldwork with in-depth analysis of qualitative interview data from people making – or contemplating making – the dangerous journey across the Mediterranean Sea. As such, the report provides previously-unconsidered insights into the effects of policy on the journeys, experiences, understandings, expectations, concerns and demands of people on the move. In addition to providing seven site-based case study analyses, the project also provides the first detailed assessment of policies associated with A European Agenda on Migration in terms of policy effects both across routes (eastern and central Mediterranean) and over time (2015 and 2016). The findings and analysis summarised in this report are presented with the aim of informing policy developments, moving forward.
Year 2017
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75 Report

Labor migration among elite sport coaches: An exploratory study

Authors Johannes Orlowski, Pamela Wicker, Christoph Breuer
Year 2018
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT
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76 Journal Article

Immigration quotas and immigrant selection

Authors Catherine Massey
Year 2016
Journal Name EXPLORATIONS IN ECONOMIC HISTORY
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77 Journal Article

The Role of Non Signatory State to the 1951 Refugee Convention: The Malaysian Experience

Authors A. A. Ahmad, Zulkanain Abdul Rahman, A. M. H. Mohamed
Year 2017
Journal Name PERTANIKA JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE AND HUMANITIES
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78 Journal Article

Researching migration and enforcement in obscured places: practical, ethical and methodological challenges to fieldwork

Authors Pauline Maillet, Alison Mountz, Keegan Williams
Year 2017
Journal Name Social & Cultural Geography
Citations (WoS) 7
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79 Journal Article

Emigration agents and the agency of the urban press : approaches to Transatlantic migration in Hungary, 1880s–1914

Authors Katalin STRANER
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of Migration History
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80 Journal Article

Control or rescue at sea? Aims and limits of border surveillance technologies in the Mediterranean Sea

Authors Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert
Year 2018
Journal Name DISASTERS
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81 Journal Article

Psychoanalyzing fleeting emotive migrant encounters: A case from Singapore

Authors Peidong Yang
Year 2019
Journal Name EMOTION SPACE AND SOCIETY
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82 Journal Article

A Representative Study of Deaths of North Indian Migrants and Its Medical Certification Across the World

Authors Raghvendra K. Vidua, Nisha Dubey, Naresh Jakher, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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84 Journal Article

Travelers' switching behavior in the airline industry from the perspective of the push-pull-mooring framework

Authors Jishim Jung, Heesup Han, Mihae Oh
Year 2017
Journal Name TOURISM MANAGEMENT
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85 Journal Article

FISHING COOPERATIVE AND THEIR ENDOGENOUS TOURISTIC STRENGTHS AS A LOCAL DEVELOPMENT OPTION

Authors Maria Estela Torres Jacquez
Year 2015
Journal Name ANAIS BRASILEIROS DE ESTUDOS TURISTICOS-ABET
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86 Journal Article

Tourism development and behavioural changes: evidences from Ratanakiri province, Kingdom of Cambodia

Authors Frederic Thomas, Aarti Kapoor, Phil Marshall
Year 2013
Journal Name JOURNAL OF TOURISM AND CULTURAL CHANGE
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87 Journal Article

Treatment of third country nationals at EU's external borders

Description
The project examines the treatment of third-country nationals at the external borders of the European Union in light of the existing fundamental rights framework. Two specific situations are taken into consideration: (1) treatment of third country nationals on the Southern maritime borders of the European Union (Phase I) and (2) treatment of third country nationals at selected land and airport border crossing points (Phase 2). The geographical scope of the research in Phase 1 covers 7 maritime border sectors in Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta and Spain; while in Phase 2 - eleven border crossing points at the external Schengen border, including six land border crossing points (BCPs between Bulgaria and Turkey, between Greece and Turkey, between Slovakia and Ukraine, between Hungary and Serbia, between Poland and Ukraine and between Spain and Morocco, and five border crossing points at selected airports (Paris C.d.Gaulle, Amsterdam/Schiphol, Rome/ Fiumicino, Frankfurt and Manchester). Phase 1 (Maritime borders) Objectives • to examine challenges that emerge during interception and rescue at sea and immediately after disembarkation of migrants • to enhance the protection of fundamental rights during rescue or interception operations at sea, by supporting those in charge of border management to deal with the fundamental rights challenges they may encounter on a daily basis. In Phase 1 the study is based on qualitative research with third country nationals, authorities, fishermen and shipmasters, non-participant observation at maritime borders, and focus group interviews with stakeholder groups, both in EU and third countries. Phase 2 (Land and airport border crossing points) Objectives • to review existing procedures and practices in order to identify whether third-country nationals are treated in accordance with applicable fundamental rights standards (complementation of the Schengen Evaluation system) • to review if commitments related to the Schengen Borders Code (respect for human dignity, non-refoulement, non-discriminatory conduct) are respected during first and second line border checks as well as in facilities used for persons refused admission. In Phase 2 the study is based on non-participant observation at border crossing points, quantitative and qualitative research with third country nationals, and interviews with civil society actors. Outcomes Maritime border research Empirical case studies (phase 1) • 7 case studies of maritime border sectors • 5 sets of country fact sheets (maritime borders), covering 7 themes • Comparative report of fundamental rights challenges relating to surveillance and control of maritime borders Human rights training related to rescue and interception at sea • 5 country reports on Fundamental Rights training • Recommendations for training of border guards Land and air border research • 11 case studies of border crossing points • 9 sets of country fact sheets on 4 themes • Comparative report on border crossing points
Year 2010
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88 Project

Effects of a Randomised Controlled School-Based Health Promotion Intervention on Obesity Related Behavioural Outcomes of Children with Migration Background

Authors Susanne Kobel, Olivia Wartha, Tamara Wirt, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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89 Journal Article

Transportation and regional inequality: the impact of railways in the Nordic countries, 1860-1960

Authors Kerstin Enflo, Jordi Marti-Henneberg, Eduard Josep Alvarez-Palau
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY
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90 Journal Article

Humanitarians at sea: Selective emulation across migrant rescue NGOs in the Mediterranean sea

Authors Eugenio Cusumano
Year 2019
Journal Name CONTEMPORARY SECURITY POLICY
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91 Journal Article

Neither Self nor Other: Zero Identity in the Contemporary Baltic (E)migrant Literature

Authors Laura Laurusaite
Year 2017
Journal Name LOGOS-VILNIUS
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94 Journal Article

Constructing Voluntarism: Technologies of ‘intent management’ in Australian Border Controls

Authors Sharon Pickering, Leanne Weber
Book Title New Border and Citizenship Politics
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97 Book Chapter

Transnational and Translocal Identities: Settling in South Africa

Authors Pauline Leonard, Daniel Conway
Book Title Migration, Space and Transnational Identities
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98 Book Chapter

The Status of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Indonesia

Authors Nikolas Feith Tan
Year 2016
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
Citations (WoS) 2
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99 Journal Article

An Ironic Imbalance: Coaching Opportunities and Gender in Women's Artistic Gymnastics in Australia and New Zealand

Authors Roslyn Kerr, Georgia Cervin
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF SPORT
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100 Journal Article
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