This report aims to answer questions concerning emigration policy and institutional frameworks in Thailand. It identifies the different types of measures taken by the Thai Government since the introduction of the first constitution in Thailand. The government currently has three departments working extensively with emigrants and diasporas, namely: (i) the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare—the Thailand Overseas Employment Administration; (ii) the Ministry of Foreign Affairs—the Protection of Thai Nationals Abroad Division, and (iii) the Office of the Attorney General—the Office of International People’s Rights Protection (OIPP)—the Department of Peoples’ Rights Protection and Legal Aid. In summary, the report highlights the fact that the roles and functions of existing migration departments are designed primarily for labour emigrants. In the end, the organised nature of labour migration (which is handled recruitment agencies) facilitates a higher volume of migrants to be assisted and protected. Unfortunately, such a policy makes others–who are less prepared or more isolated–more vulnerable to unsafe migration situations.