|C.Alessandro Mauceri, Maurizio Galluzzo
The right of every man, woman or child to have an identity is universally recognized. A person's identity does not depend on registration in a register or possession of official identification documents. This right does not even depend on the registration of a child at birth (this is a right guaranteed in international treaties and may be required by national law in order to implement other rights). In 1951, Hannah Arendt, a stateless Jewish refugee who had just arrived in the United States, called the "right to have rights". Unfortunately, today, in 2022, almost a billion people in the world do not have an identity or a legal identity. Despite numerous attempts to try to find a solution to the problem, more than 12 percent of the world population does not have a demonstrable identity, it is as if it "did not exist". Hundreds of millions of people do not know they are "someone" and cannot even prove "who" they are. It is important for refugees migrants and stateless people. A 2019 report from the Norwegian Refugee Council found that only 29 percent of Syrian displaced people surveyed had been able to obtain documents issued by the Syrian state after leaving the country. For migrants there is a serious risk to loose the "right to have rights". Adopting sub-measure 16.9 of the SDGs the signatory countries have committed themselves to “providing a legal identity for all, including birth registration” by 2030. But up to now results have been different.