Unaccompanied minors

Unaccompanied minors are foreign nationals below the age of 18 who are separated from their parents and other relatives, and who are not cared for by an adult. This category includes minors who are left unaccompanied after they entered a new country (IOM, 2011). The group is interchangeably defined as ‘unaccompanied children’ or ‘unaccompanied migrant minors’. Research in this category includes studies on integration, trauma, the transition to adulthood, children’s rights, and migration policy and management.

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On the Way to a Better Future: Belgium as Transit Country for Trafficking and Smuggling of Unaccompanied Minors1

Authors Ilse Derluyn, Ilse Derluyn, Eric Broekaert, ...
Year 2005
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 23
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1 Journal Article

Refugee Youth in Sweden Who Arrived as Unaccompanied Minors and Separated Children

Authors Aycan Çelikaksoy, Eskil Wadensjö
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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2 Journal Article

‘Unaccompanied’ Minors? Accompanied Foreign Minors, Families and New Technologies

Authors Karmele Mendoza Pérez, Marta Morgade Salgado
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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3 Journal Article

Constructions of credibility in decisions concerning unaccompanied minors

Authors Daniel Hedlund
Year 2017
Journal Name International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care
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5 Journal Article

Legislators’ perceptions of unaccompanied children seeking asylum

Authors Daniel Hedlund, Ann-Christin Cederborg
Year 2015
Journal Name International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care
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6 Journal Article

Improving the quality of Unaccompanied Minor Asylum Seekers' Guardianship and Care in Central European Countries

Description
The overall objective of this project is to contribute towards the enhancement of the quality of guardianship and harmonization and standardization of the overall assistance and care provided to unaccompanied minor asylum seekers (UAMAS) in Central European countries in line with the EU Action Plan on Unaccompanied Minors, the relevant EU directives and the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Year 2011
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7 Project

Suffer the Little Children to Come: The Legal Rights of Unaccompanied Alien Children under United States Federal Court Jurisprudence

Authors Claire Nolasco Braaten, Daniel Braaten
Year 2019
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
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9 Journal Article

Child migrants at the border

Authors Lourdes Torres
Year 2014
Journal Name Latino Studies
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10 Journal Article

The impact of flight experiences on the psychological wellbeing of unaccompanied refugee minors

Description
Since early 2015, the media continuously confront us with images of refugee children drowning in the Mediterranean, surviving in appalling conditions in camps or walking across Europe. Within this group of fleeing children, a considerable number is travelling without parents, the unaccompanied refugee minors. While the media images testify to these flight experiences and their possible huge impact on unaccompanied minors’ wellbeing, there has been no systematic research to fully capture these experiences, nor their mental health impact. Equally, no evidence exists on whether the emotional impact of these flight experiences should be differentiated from the impact of the traumatic events these minors endured in their home country or from the daily stressors in the country of settlement. This project aims to fundamentally increase our knowledge of the impact of experiences during the flight in relation to past trauma and current stressors. To achieve this aim, it is essential to set up a longitudinal follow-up of a large group of unaccompanied refugee minors, whereby our study starts from different transit countries, crosses several European countries, and uses innovative methodological and mixed-methods approaches. I will hereby not only document the psychological impact these flight experiences may have, but also the way in which care and reception structures for unaccompanied minors in both transit and settlement countries can contribute to reducing this mental health impact. This proposal will fundamentally change the field of migration studies, by introducing a whole new area of study and novel methodological approaches to study these themes. Moreover, other fields, such as trauma studies, will be directly informed by the project, as also clinical, educational and social work interventions for victims of multiple trauma. Last, the findings on the impact of reception and care structures will be highly informative for policy makers and practitioners.
Year 2017
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11 Project

The impact of flight experiences on the psychological wellbeing of unaccompanied refugee minors

Principal investigator Ilse Derluyn (Principal Investigator)
Description
Since early 2015, the media continuously confront us with images of refugee children drowning in the Mediterranean, surviving in appalling conditions in camps or walking across Europe. Within this group of fleeing children, a considerable number is travelling without parents, the unaccompanied refugee minors. While the media images testify to these flight experiences and their possible huge impact on unaccompanied minors’ wellbeing, there has been no systematic research to fully capture these experiences, nor their mental health impact. Equally, no evidence exists on whether the emotional impact of these flight experiences should be differentiated from the impact of the traumatic events these minors endured in their home country or from the daily stressors in the country of settlement. This project aims to fundamentally increase our knowledge of the impact of experiences during the flight in relation to past trauma and current stressors. To achieve this aim, it is essential to set up a longitudinal follow-up of a large group of unaccompanied refugee minors, whereby our study starts from different transit countries, crosses several European countries, and uses innovative methodological and mixed-methods approaches. I will hereby not only document the psychological impact these flight experiences may have, but also the way in which care and reception structures for unaccompanied minors in both transit and settlement countries can contribute to reducing this mental health impact. This proposal will fundamentally change the field of migration studies, by introducing a whole new area of study and novel methodological approaches to study these themes. Moreover, other fields, such as trauma studies, will be directly informed by the project, as also clinical, educational and social work interventions for victims of multiple trauma. Last, the findings on the impact of reception and care structures will be highly informative for policy makers and practitioners.
Year 2017
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12 Project

Children of the crisis: ethnographic perspectives on unaccompanied refugee youth in and en route to Europe

Authors Annika Lems, Kathrin Oester, Sabine Strasser
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 8
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13 Journal Article

Undocumented and unaccompanied: children of migration in the European Union and the United States

Authors Cecilia Menjívar, Krista M. Perreira
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 10
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14 Journal Article

Wie Alter den Unterschied macht: Klassifikationspraktiken, Zugehörigkeit und politische Subjektivität bei jungen Geflüchteten in Deutschland

Principal investigator Katharina Schramm (Principal Investigator)
Description
Was konstituiert und kennzeichnet Minder- und Volljährigkeit bei Geflüchteten? Wie macht das Alter bei ihnen einen (aufenthalts-)rechtlichen, politischen und affektiven Unterschied? Diesen beiden Hauptfragen gehen wir in unserem Projekt nach. Es gibt immer wieder heftige öffentliche Debatten zum Alter von Flüchtlingen und zu rechtsmedizinischen Altersschätzungspraktiken, bei denen u.a. Röntgenaufnahmen von Schlüsselbeinen herangezogen und die Genitalien der Jugendlichen inspiziert werden. Denn unbegleitete minderjährige Flüchtlinge haben andere Rechte als erwachsene Geflüchtete: sie haben Anspruch auf einen Platz in einer Jugendwohnung, einen Sprachkurs und schulische Ausbildung. Zugleich müssen sie den Vorgaben pädagogischer Betreuung und denen von Vormündern folgen. Vor allem haben sie andere Möglichkeiten, ihr Bleiben in Deutschland zu organisieren. So ist es beinahe unmöglich, sie abzuschieben. Im Zentrum unserer Untersuchung stehen folgende Dimensionen:1) Klassifikationsprozesse, d.h. die Hervorbringung und Ausprägung der Differenzkategorie Alter in Praktiken der Altersfestsetzung; 2) die Wirkmächtigkeit dieser Klassifikationen, d.h. altersspezifische Zugehörigkeiten, Rechte, Möglichkeiten und Einschränkungen von jungen Flüchtlingen mit dem Status "unbegleitete Minderjährige". Zur Umsetzung unserer Forschungsfragen ist eine ethnographische Langzeitstudie vorgesehen. Darin führen wir an allen wichtigen Stationen des Ankommens von jungen Geflüchteten teilnehmende Beobachtungen durch und interviewen die zentralen Akteure der verschiedenen Verfahren. Hierzu zählen die Erstaufnahme ebenso wie jugendamtliche, pädagogische und rechtsmedizinische Praktiken der Altersschätzung sowie daran geknüpfte Widerspruchsprozesse. Schließlich sollen auch Asylanhörungen beim Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge in den Blick genommen werden.Grundlegend für die oben aufgeführten Untersuchungsdimensionen ist unser Verständnis der Differenzkategorie Alter als kontingent, situativ und abhängig von spezifischen Praktiken der Hervorbringung. So können wir erforschen, welche Elemente in medizinischen, pädagogischen und bürokratischen Praxen (ir)relevant und entscheidend werden, wenn es um die Frage geht: ist ein Flüchtling minderjährig? Die Wirkmächtigkeit dieser Klassifikation untersuchen wir mit unserem Konzept von politischer Subjektivität, was sowohl Rechte und Handlungsspielräume als auch affektive Zugehörigkeit zusammen denk- und untersuchbar macht.Durch diese erste ethnographische Analyse der Hervorbringung und Wirkmächtigkeit von Alter im Migrationszusammenhang entwickelt das Projekt neue Ansatzpunkte für eine kritische Intervention in den dominanten öffentlichen Diskurs zur Altersschätzung bei jungen Flüchtlingen. Unser Projekt leistet einen theoretischen und empirischen Beitrag an der Schnittstelle von Medizinanthropologie, Wissenschafts- und Technikforschung (STS), Studien zu Flucht und Migration und der Kindheits- und Jugendforschung.
Year 2019
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15 Project

Unaccompanied Minors? An analysis of the legal situation of abandoned children born in Hungary

Authors Mária TEMESVARI
Description
In recent years changes in Hungarian citizenship policy and legislation have aroused public interest. The efforts of the Hungarian government to facilitate the naturalisation of ethnic Hungarians particularly encountered esistance from neighbouring countries,1 and was also viewed critically by some scholars.2 At the same time, the issue of unaccompanied minors has been high on the political agenda in EU Member States, including Hungary. Various EU institutions and bodies have commissioned studies and reports to analyse the situation in the European Union3 and an Action Plan was launched in order to ensure greater coherence and cooperation and to improve the protection offered to this vulnerable group.4 Nevertheless, a group of unaccompanied minor children, who do not fit into the traditional definition of unaccompanied minors in Europe, has been neglected. These children were born in Hungary of a foreign national, but of a Hungarian speaking and presumably ethnic Hungarian mother who subsequently abandoned the child in hospital shortly after birth. Despite liberal citizenship policy and an existing legal framework for the protection of unaccompanied minors, these children do not, for various reasons, obtain any nationality at or after birth and remain in a legal limbo for many months or even years. The aim of this paper is to explore the legal situation of these children in three areas: citizenship, immigration status and reception and care, and to analyse to what extent the current practices of the Guardianship Office and the Office of Immigration and Nationality is in compliance with Hungary’s international legal obligations, with Community law and, indeed, with domestic law. Particular attention will be paid to the obligations of Hungary as set out in the Convention of the Rights of the Child, the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. As an unclear citizenship status constitutes the main reason for their peculiar situation, we will also look at the possibility of granting Hungarian citizenship or stateless status.
Year 2012
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16 Report

Migration, Displacement, and Violence: Prosecuting Romanian Street Children at the Paris Palace of Justice

Authors Susan J. Terrio
Year 2004
Journal Name International Migration
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17 Journal Article

Detained: foreign children in Europe

Authors Liz Fekete
Year 2007
Journal Name Race & Class
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20 Journal Article

Media Literacy for Unaccompanied Refugee Youth - A Path to Integration

Description
According to Eurostat, 2015 saw 90,000 unaccompanied minor asylum seekers register in the EU. Refugee children pose considerable policy challenges: their integration in Europe is of utmost importance. Studies show that while refugee children have IT competences, they lack the ability to make critical media choices, and make informed decisions regarding their well-being. This project builds on the IT knowledge of young refugees in order to further their integration by developing media literacy pedagogic tools. Media literacy education is essential for empowering citizenship, for gaining skills to become drivers of economic growth, and not least to prevent radicalization. Media literacy, a necessary aspect of lifelong learning, enables young people to participate civically, to overcome disadvantage and to represent marginalized and missing voices. For developing these pedagogic tools, the Fellow will first research how unaccompanied minor refugees use digital technology and social media through fieldwork carried out in 3 EU countries. In the second research phase, the Fellow will conduct participatory action research (PAR) in collaboration with an NGO which specializes in PAR with refugee youth. These results will be used to design teaching materials for youth workers and teachers. The project is unique because it brings together the disciplines of education, media literacy and migration studies for offering solutions to a matter of pressing urgency: the integration of unaccompanied minor refugees. This project will serve to widen the professional horizon of the Fellow. She will acquire specific research skills (digital ethnography, participant action research, educational tools design) and transferable skills (PhD supervision, leadership, editorial skills, managing large-scale events). The project will lay the foundations for the Fellow's long-term career goals, and she will be propelled to the forefront of media literacy research.
Year 2017
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21 Project

Who's Best Interests ? Exploring Unaccompanied Minor's Rights Through the Lens of Migration and Asylum Procedures

Principal investigator Mateja Sedmak (Principal Investigator), Daniel Senovilla Hernández (Investigator)
Description
The project “In whose best interest? Exploring Unaccompanied Minors’ Rights Through the Lens of Migration and Asylum Procedures (MinAs)” is a research project carried out in four European countries (Slovenia, Austria, France and United Kingdom) in the period from June 2014 to December 2015. European Commission finances the project and its main aim is to identify and recommend better procedures and protection measures for unaccompanied minors (UAM). The project examines UAMs’ reception, protection, asylum and return procedures and focuses on: 1. The concept of best interests of the child (BIC). 2. The formal processes of best interests determination (BID). The project looks at both concepts in the actual legal framework for UAM in reception, protection, asylum and return procedures in the four EU countries. Many European countries have not yet introduced best interests determination procedures into their national legislation for UAM. In these cases, lack of appropriate safeguards for UAM are most likely to be identified, leaving the possibility of (too) flexible interpretation of the child’s best interests, which in some cases may be subjected to nationalist, xenophobic and racist discourse. In order to contribute to fulfilling the national obligations set out by international law, as well as following the aims of the European Commission, the project analyses the practical, philosophical and phenomenological dimensions of the best interests of the child, which will enable a deeper understanding of the best interests of children as well providing a solid basis for proper implementation of the principle in practice.
Year 2014
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22 Project

Vocational identity development among unaccompanied refugee minors

Authors Brit Oppedal, Eugene Guribye, Jane Kroger
Year 2017
Journal Name International Journal of Intercultural Relations
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23 Journal Article

The Mixed Motives of Unaccompanied Child Migrants from Central America's Northern Triangle

Authors Matthew Lorenzen
Year 2017
Journal Name Journal on Migration and Human Security
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24 Journal Article

Moving forward: Educational outcomes for Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URM) exiting foster care in the United States

Authors Thomas M Crea, Dawnya Underwood, Kerri Evans, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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25 Journal Article

Double-edged risk: unaccompanied minor refugees (UMRs) in Sweden and their search for safety

Authors Amber Horning, Sara Jordeno, Nicole Savoie
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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26 Journal Article

The “Lost Boys” of Sudan: Use of Health Services and Functional Health Outcomes of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors Resettled in the U.S.

Authors Paul L. Geltman, Wanda Grant-Knight, Heidi Ellis, ...
Year 2008
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Citations (WoS) 21
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27 Journal Article

Is the Refugee Health Screener a Useful Tool when Screening 14-to 18-Year-Old Refugee Adolescents for Emotional Distress?

Authors Anna Sarkadi, Anna Bjarta, Anna Leiler, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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28 Journal Article

Unaccompanied Migrant Minors at the Frontier of Human Rights. The Spanish Case

Authors Patrizia Rinaldi
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILDRENS RIGHTS
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31 Journal Article

The border event in the everyday: hope and constraints in the lives of young unaccompanied asylum seekers in Turkey

Authors Sabine Strasser, Eda Elif Tibet
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 3
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32 Journal Article

Different perspectives on emotional and behavioural problems in unaccompanied refugee children and adolescents

Authors Ilse Derluyn, Eric Broekaert
Year 2007
Journal Name Ethnicity & Health
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34 Journal Article

Credibility and Testimony in Asylum Procedures with Unaccompanied Refugee Minors

Authors Marta Rubio, Antonio L. Manzanero
Year 2020
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MIGRATION AND LAW
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35 Journal Article

SUMMIT: Safeguarding Unaccompanied Migrant Minors from going Missing by Identifying Best Practices and Training Actors on Interagency Cooperation

Description
SUMMIT addresses how the issue of the disappearance of an unaccompanied child is tackled in different Member States and promotes successful strategies and behaviours related to the prevention and response to these disappearances. The project specifically looked at combining the experience of both the actors which primarily deal with the care of unaccompanied children and those which focus on disappearances of children, including law enforcement and hotlines for missing children, and from that combination examine how to cooperate better and on what issues.
Year 2014
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36 Project

State of Control: Unknown Migrant Children

Authors Andreas Lundstedt
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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37 Journal Article

Refugee and Migrant Children- Including Unaccompanied and Separated Children - in the EU

Description
IOM-UNHCR-UNICEF Interagency Factsheet on Refugee and Migrant Children (including unaccompanied and separated children) compiles available data on children on the move in Europe. It provides overview of trends (quarterly and annual) in regards to overall arrivals to Europe, number of asylum claims, relocations, nationality breakdown of children, information about accompanied and unaccompanied and separated children, protection concerns, reception conditions. The factsheet is accessible on pdf reports under the "Data Products" section on the page "Latest on the refugee and migrant crisis" of UNICEF
Year 2016
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38 Data Set

Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children: Whose perspective?

Authors Ulrika Wernesjo
Year 2012
Journal Name CHILDHOOD-A GLOBAL JOURNAL OF CHILD RESEARCH
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39 Journal Article

PRUMA: Promoting Family Reunification and transfer of Unaccompanied Minor Asylum Seekers (UMASs) under the Dublin Regulation

Description
The PRUMA project aimed at promoting the efficient and safe family reunification of unaccompanied minor asylum seekers (hereinafter UMASs), tried to address procedural gaps by developing Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). In addition, based on the experience and insights gathered throughout the project implementation, IOM drafted some shared recommendations with main stakeholders, trying to overcome the shortcomings and red tapes that can make the overall family reunification process too complex and lengthy for the applicants, while ensuring respect for the best interests of the child.
Year 2014
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40 Project

8 NGOs in 11 States: 8 NGOs for migrants/refugees' health needs in 11 countries

Description
Eight NGOs will support the health authorities of 11 Member States (BE, BG, DE, EL, ES, FR, HR, IT, NO, SE, SI) in providing adequate and accessible health services to newly arrived migrants with a specific focus on children, unaccompanied minors and pregnant women. Where needed, flexible and adaptive mobile health surveillance and response units will identify arrival and transit locations and provide general health assessments. Individual mental and physical health assessments will be conducted using the standardized personal health record developed by IOM and DG SANTE. Migrants will receive a health booklet to facilitate referrals to adequate and accessible primary healthcare (including vaccinations). Psychosocial support and preventative care will also be delivered. Depending on the rapidly changing context, and as long as adequate patient privacy can be ensured, actions will take place in mobile units, in temporary ‘clinics’ or in already existing centres run by the partner organizations or one of their associate local partners. Wherever possible, access to national health systems will be supported through social and health mediation activities and the provision of information on migrants’ rights to access care.
Year 2016
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41 Project

The Ambivalent U.S. Context of Reception and the Dichotomous Legal Consciousness of Unaccompanied Minors

Authors Chiara Galli
Year 2020
Journal Name Social Problems
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42 Journal Article

Unaccompanied Young Migrants from Africa: The Case of Mauritania

Authors Fabienne Tanon, Abdoulaye Sow
Year 2013
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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43 Journal Article

Smuggled and Trafficked Unaccompanied Minors: Towards a Coherent, Protection-Based Approach in International Law

Authors Joseph Lelliott
Year 2017
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
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44 Journal Article

"It's Hard to Explain.": Service Providers' Perspectives on Unaccompanied Minors' Needs Based on Minors' Forms of Immigration Relief

Authors Kathryn A. Clements, Diane Baird, Rebecca Campbell
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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46 Journal Article

Classed Landscapes of Care and Belonging: Guardianships of Unaccompanied Minors

Authors Katrien De Graeve
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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47 Journal Article

Refugee Youth Who Arrived in Sweden as Unaccompanied Minors and Separated Children: Education and Labour Market Well-being

Authors Aycan Çelikaksoy, Eskil Wadensjö
Year 2019
Journal Name Nordic Journal of Migration Research
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49 Journal Article

Integration of unaccompanied migrant youth in the United States: a call for research

Authors Jodi Berger Cardoso, Kalina Brabeck, Dennis Stinchcomb, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 7
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50 Journal Article

¿Migrantes o Refugiados? La crisis humanitaria de menores no acompañados que México y Estados Unidos no reconocen

Authors Ruth Elizabeth Prado Pérez
Year 2017
Journal Name Revista Internacional de Estudios Migratorios (RIEM)
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51 Journal Article

statistical data from the greek ministry of migration policy

Description
Statistical data of the Greek Asylum Service: asylum applications by gender and age ranges, region of registration and country of origin, first instance procedure, unaccompanied minors; pending applications, appeals; relocation; Dublin
Year 2013
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52 Data Set

Chinese Difference and Deservingness: The Paper Lives of Young Migrants

Authors Michele L. Statz
Year 2016
Journal Name American Behavioral Scientist, 2014, Vol. 58, No. 12, pp. 1614-1633
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53 Journal Article

DACA and the Surge in Unaccompanied Minors at the US-Mexico Border

Authors C Amuedo-Dorantes, Thitima Puttitanun
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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54 Journal Article

Unaccompanied Children Claiming Asylum on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Authors Daniel Hedlund, Thomas Wimark
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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55 Journal Article

Unpredictability, Invisibility and Vulnerability: Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Minors’ Journeys to Australia

Authors Mariana Nardone, Ignacio Correa-Velez
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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57 Journal Article

South Sudanese Diaspora Children: Contested Notions of Childhood, Uprootedness, and Belonging Among Young Refugees in the U.S.

Authors Marisa O. Ensor
Book Title Contested Childhoods: Growing up in Migrancy
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58 Book Chapter

Transitions, capabilities and wellbeing: how Afghan unaccompanied young people experience becoming ‘adult’ in the UK and beyond

Authors Elaine Chase
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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60 Journal Article

Unaccompanied Children at the United States Border, a Human Rights Crisis that can be Addressed with Policy Change

Authors Janna Ataiants, Mariana Chilton, Chari Cohen, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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61 Journal Article

UNACCOMPANIED STATUS AS A RISK FACTOR IN VIETNAMESE AMERASIANS

Authors RS MCKELVEY, JA WEBB
Year 1995
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
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62 Journal Article

JUSTICE IN MEXICO IN CASE OF MIGRANT CHILDREN NOT ACCOMPANIED OR WITH DISABILITY

Authors Gisela Maria Perez Fuentes
Year 2019
Journal Name BARATARIA-REVISTA CASTELLANO-MANCHEGA DE CIENCIAS SOCIALES
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63 Journal Article

Accelerated removals: the human cost of EU deportation policies

Authors Liz Fekete
Year 2011
Journal Name Race & Class
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64 Journal Article

FRA’s regular overviews of migration-related fundamental rights concerns

Description
In view of the increased numbers of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants entering the EU, FRA publishes monthly reports highlighting key developments about the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in selected EU Member States (up to 14 Member States, including AT, BG, DE, DK, EL, ES, FI FR, HU, IT, NL, PL, SE, SK). The monthly overviews are published as of January 2016 and include a focus section on a particular topic of concern each month, e.g. hate crime, unaccompanied children, family reunification, etc. FRA published weekly overviews encompassing a period of eight weeks from September to November 2015. From January 2016 FRA is publishing monthly updates that cover a variety of different issues, including: - initial registration and asylum applications, with particular attention to the situation of vulnerable people - criminal proceedings initiated for offences related to irregular border crossing - child protection - reception conditions for new arrivals, focusing on the situation of children and other vulnerable people - access to healthcare - public response such as rallies of support, humanitarian assistance or voluntary work - racist incidents such as demonstrations, online hate speech or hate crime.
Year 2016
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65 Data Set

"I See Nothing but a Fence of Tears": The Impact of Australia's Immigration Detention and Border Protection Policies on the Asylum Seeker Child's Geographies of Hope and Hopelessness

Authors Dani McAlister, Harriot Beazley, Wynonna Raha
Year 2019
Journal Name JEUNESSE-YOUNG PEOPLE TEXTS CULTURES
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66 Journal Article

Unaccompanied minors, migration control and human rights at the EU’s southern border: The role and limits of civil society activism

Authors Roxana Barbulescu, Jean Grugel
Year 2016
Journal Name Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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68 Journal Article

Between Control and Support. The Protection of Unaccompanied Minor Asylum Seekers at Risk: The Dutch Case

Authors Moira Galloway, Monika Smit, Mariska Kromhout
Year 2015
Journal Name International Migration
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69 Journal Article

Structure and Agency in Swedish Municipalities’ Reception of Unaccompanied Minors

Authors Gustav Lidén, Jon Nyhlén
Year 2016
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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70 Journal Article

Leaving Care: Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Young Afghans Facing Return

Authors Kim Robinson, Lucy Williams
Year 2015
Journal Name REFUGE
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71 Journal Article

Seeing the Relationship between the UNCRC and the Asylum System through the Eyes of Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children and Young People

Authors Helen Connolly
Year 2015
Journal Name The International Journal of Children’s Rights
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72 Journal Article

Migrants, Refugees, and the Politics of Immigrant Categorization

Authors Terry-Ann Jones
Year 2020
Journal Name Migration, Mobility, & Displacement
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73 Journal Article

Whose child am I? Unaccompanied, undocumented children in U.S. immigration custody

Authors Hannah Noel, Hannah Noel
Year 2017
Journal Name Latino Studies
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74 Journal Article

MyHealth: MyHealth

Description
aims to improve healthcare access for vulnerable migrants and refugees, in particular women and unaccompanied minors, who have recently arrived in Europe. To this end the project partners, which include universities, research institutes and charities from seven EU countries, will develop and implement models to engage vulnerable migrants and refugees in their health through community empowerment and learning.
Year 2017
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76 Project

REFUGEE CHILDREN*: C. Unaccompanied Minors

Year 1996
Journal Name Refugee Survey Quarterly
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77 Journal Article

A Study and Analysis of the Treatment of Mexican Unaccompanied Minors by Customs and Border Protection

Authors Kiera Coulter, Samantha Sabo, Daniel Martínez, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal on Migration and Human Security
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80 Journal Article

Assessing Parental Fitness and Care for Unaccompanied Children

Authors Lauren Heidbrink
Year 2017
Journal Name RSF-THE RUSSELL SAGE JOURNAL OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
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81 Journal Article

A report from the field Latina/o youth, JROTC and ethnographic practice

Authors Gina M Pérez
Year 2015
Journal Name Latino Studies
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82 Journal Article

Are the problems and motives clear enough? A study on the placement of unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors at compulsory care institutions in Sweden

Authors Mehdi Ghazinour, Arian Rostami, Malin Eriksson, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Refugee Studies
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83 Journal Article

Unaccompanied Children Seeking Asylum in the UK: From Centres of Concentration to a Better Holding Environment

Authors Jo Wilding
Year 2017
Journal Name International Journal of Refugee Law
Citations (WoS) 1
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84 Journal Article

‘Colour-evasiveness’ and racism without race: the disablement of asylum-seeking children at the edge of fortress Europe

Authors Valentina Migliarini
Year 2018
Journal Name Race Ethnicity and Education
Citations (WoS) 2
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85 Journal Article

Undocumented youth in limbo: the impact of America’s immigration enforcement policy on juvenile deportations

Authors Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes, Thitima Puttitanun
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Population Economics
Citations (WoS) 1
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86 Journal Article

Age is Just a Number? Supporting Migrant Young People with Precarious Legal Status in the UK

Authors Devyani Prabhat, Ann Singleton, Robbie Eyles
Year 2019
Journal Name The International Journal of Children’s Rights
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87 Journal Article

Imageries of family and nation: A comparative analysis of transnational adoption and care for unaccompanied minors in Belgium

Authors Katrien De Graeve, Christof Bex
Year 2016
Journal Name CHILDHOOD-A GLOBAL JOURNAL OF CHILD RESEARCH
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88 Journal Article

Pre-flight experiences and migration stories: the accounts of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children

Authors Peter E. Hopkins, Malcolm Hill
Year 2008
Journal Name Children's Geographies
Citations (WoS) 55
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89 Journal Article

Unaccompanied minors from the Northern Central American countries in the migrant stream: social differentials and institutional contexts

Authors Nestor Rodriguez, Ximena Urrutia-Rojas, Luis Raul Gonzalez
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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90 Journal Article

Thirty Years of Research on Children's Rights in the Context of Migration Towards Increased Visibility and Recognition of Some Children, But Not All?

Authors Ruth Brittle, Ellen Desmet
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILDRENS RIGHTS
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91 Journal Article

The CRC of Unaccompanied Asylum Seekers in Finland

Authors Mervi Kaukko
Year 2017
Journal Name The International Journal of Children’s Rights
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92 Journal Article

The aspirations of Afghan unaccompanied refugee minors before departure and on arrival in the host country

Authors Marianne Vervliet, Ilse Derluyn, Eric Broekaert, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name CHILDHOOD-A GLOBAL JOURNAL OF CHILD RESEARCH
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95 Journal Article

Asylum Information Database (AIDA)

Description
The Asylum Information Database (AIDA) is a database containing information on asylum procedures, reception conditions and detention across 20 countries. This includes 17 European Union (EU) Member States (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Germany, Spain, France, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, United Kingdom) and 3 non-EU countries (Switzerland, Serbia, Turkey). Country and annual reports, legal briefings and video testimonies of asylum seekers; conduct fact-finding missions to further investigate important protection gaps established through the country reports. The website also allows for a comparison of different types of data related to the asylum procedure, reception conditions and detention among up to three countries. AIDA started as a project (September 2012 – December 2015) of the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE), in partnership with Forum Réfugiés-Cosi, the Hungarian Helsinki Committee and the Irish Refugee Council, and is now developing into a core research and documentation activity of ECRE. The overall goal of the database is to contribute to the improvement of asylum policies and practices in Europe and the situation of asylum seekers by providing all relevant actors with appropriate tools and information to support their advocacy and litigation efforts, both at the national and European level. These objectives are carried out by AIDA through the following activities: - Country reports - AIDA contains national reports documenting asylum procedures, reception conditions and detention in 20 countries. - Comparative reports - AIDA comparative reports provide a thorough comparative analysis of practice relating to the implementation of asylum standards across the countries covered by the database, in addition to an overview of statistical asylum trends and a discussion of key developments in asylum and migration policies in Europe. Annual reports were published in 2013, 2014 and 2015. This year, AIDA comparative reports are published in the form of thematic updates, focusing on the individual themes covered by the database. Thematic reports on reception and asylum procedures were published in March and September 2016 respectively. - Fact-finding visits - AIDA includes the development of fact-finding visits to further investigate important protection gaps established through the country reports, and a methodological framework for such missions. Focus on the reception conditions; transit zone at borders and on issues relating to asylum detention and the criminalisation of irregular entry; looking at registration and the unavailability of accommodation as barriers to access the asylum procedure. - Legal briefings - Legal briefings aim to bridge AIDA research with evidence-based legal reasoning and advocacy. With the assistance of information gathered from country reports, these short papers identify and analyse key issues in EU asylum law and policy and identify potential protection gaps in the asylum acquis. Legal briefings so far cover: (1) Dublin detention; (2) asylum statistics; (3) safe countries of origin; (4) procedural rights in detention; (5) age assessment of unaccompanied children; (6) residence permits for beneficiaries of international protection; and (7) the length of asylum procedures.
Year 2012
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98 Data Set

Outsourcing the ‘best interests’ of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children in the era of austerity

Authors Rachel Humphris, Nando Sigona
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 10
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99 Journal Article

Examining Procedural Unfairness and Credibility Findings in the UK Asylum System

Authors John R. Campbell
Year 2020
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
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100 Journal Article
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