Syrian Arab Republic

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Afghans in Greece and Turkey seeking to migrate onward : decision-making factors and destination choices

Authors Katie KUSCHMINDER, Khalid KOSER
Year 2016
Journal Name Migration policy practice
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6 Journal Article

Deutschland und die Flüchtlingskrise im Jahr 2015

Principal investigator Thomas K. Bauer (Principal Investigator), Michael Kvasnicka (Principal Investigator ), Julia Bredtmann (Principal Investigator )
Description
In der zweiten Hälfte des Jahres 2015 erlebte Deutschland einen dramatischen Anstieg im Zuzug von Flüchtlingen, der sich insbesondere durch den Konflikt in der Arabischen Republik Syrien speiste. Mit mehr als einer Million Hilfesuchender im Jahr 2015 ist dieser Massenzustrom von Flüchtlingen nach Deutschland der größte seiner Art seit den frühen 1990er Jahren. Die Unterbringung und Versorgung dieser Flüchtlinge stellt Deutschland vor eine Reihe von Herausforderungen, sowohl aus wirtschaftlicher, als auch politischer, sozialer und juristischer Sicht. Die Unterbringung und Integration von Flüchtlingen belastet die öffentlichen Haushalte, sozialen Wohlfahrtsysteme, das Bildungssystem sowie die Immobilien? und Arbeitsmärkte und sie wirft Fragen auf hinsichtlich des sozialen und politischen Zusammenhalts im Land, der Sicherheit und Kriminalität sowie zwischenstaatlicher Regelungen für eine faire Verteilung von Flüchtlingen. Aufgrund der Aktualität der Ereignisse mangelt es jedoch an (mitunter grundlegendsten) Daten zu diesem Massenzustrom an Flüchtlingen nach Deutschland. Auch ist empirische Evidenz zu den Auswirkungen dieses Zustroms bis dato kaum vorhanden. Folglich ist der Wissenstand darüber, wie dieser Zustrom die Gesellschaft in Deutschland, die Innenpolitik und die Wirtschaft beeinflusste sehr gering. Dies gilt insbesondere auch für die Frage, wie dieser Einfluss auf regionaler Ebene von wirtschaftlichen Faktoren und der Verteilung und Unterbringung von Flüchtlingen durch staatliche Behörden beeinflusst wurde. In diesem Forschungsprojekt untersuchen wir diese Frage indem wir die Auswirkungen des Massenzustroms an Flüchtlingen nach Deutschland in vier Kernbereichen analysieren: (1) Wahlergebnisse, (2) Immobilienmärkte, (3) Gewalt gegen Ausländer und Kriminalität durch Ausländer, sowie (4) Spendenverhalten, sowohl monetär als auch in Form von Gütern und Freiwilligendiensten.
Year 2017
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9 Project

CARIM – Migration Profile: Syria

Authors Anna DI BARTOLOMEO, Thibaut JAULIN, Delphine PERRIN
Year 2012
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16 Report

Le cadre juridique général de la migration en Syrie

Authors Amal YAZJI-YAKOUB
Description
Résumé La Syrie, comme les autres pays du Moyen Orient, découvre la nécessité de comprendre l'enjeu que représente la migration vers le pays et à partir de celui-ci. C'est à travers les divers textes de lois que cet enjeu se dessine, même si l'absence de statistiques claires en la matière ne permet pas une bonne compréhension de la situation migratoire.Les textes de loi qui réglementent l'émigration syrienne sont éparpillés entre plusieurs branches : droit constitutionnel, droit administratif, code de la famille, etc. et entre plusieurs sources : la constitution, les lois, décrets présidentiels, arrêtés ministériels, sans oublier les conventions multilatérales et bilatérales qui touchent aux droits des émigrés et auxquelles la Syrie est partie. On note l’absence en Syrie d'une loi générale sur la migration, qui prendrait en compte toutes les formes du phénomène : permanente, temporaire, masculine et féminine.Par ailleurs, les étrangers se trouvant en Syrie par centaines de milliers sont en majorité des réfugiés. Certains travaillent, le travail des domestiques étrangères étant dominant. Les dispositions juridiques réglementant le séjour ou le travail des étrangers en Syrie se trouvent également dans diverses sources, la constitution, le droit du travail, les circulaires et arrêtés administratifs. Abstract Syria, like other countries in the Middle East, is discovering the need to get to grips with the migration stakes to and from the territory. These stakes are there in the various legal texts, even if the lack of clear statistics in this field does not enable a good understanding of the migratory situation.The legal texts ruling Syrian emigration are divided among several fields, constitutional law, administrative law, family law, etc. These texts lie in the constitution, laws, presidential decrees, ministerial decisions, as well as in multilateral and bilateral conventions, which Syria has ratified, affecting the rights of emigrants that Syria. No general law on migration has been adopted in Syria addressing all forms of it : permanent, circular, male and female,…Besides, most of the hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals in Syria are refugees. Some of them work as domestics. The legal provisions for foreign nationals to stay and to work in Syria are also to be found in various sources including the constitution, the labour code and administrative decisions.
Year 2011
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17 Report

WELLCOME - Junge (Flucht-)Migranten aus Syrien

Principal investigator Hans Dietrich (Principal Investigator)
Description
Die Studie „Wellcome“ erforscht aus einer quantiativen Perspektive die aktuelle Lebenssituation junger (Flucht-)Migranten aus Syrien und deren Eingliederungsprozess in Deutschland. Die Studie erweitert das IAB Projekt 1671 (Youth unemployment, mental health, and labor market outcomes) um eine Aufstockungsstichprobe junger (Flucht-) Migranten aus Syrien. Dazu wurden in 2016 erstmals 2.700 junger Fluchtmigranten aus Syrien im Alter von 18-24 Jahren unmittelbar nach dem Eintritt in die BA-Register erfolgreich mündlich bzw. online befragt. Anfang 2017 sowie 2017/18 wurde die Population erneut erfolgreich mit einer Kurzbefragung kontaktiert. Bei dem Projekt steht der Integrationsprozess junger Syrer in Bildung und Beschäftigung in Deutschland im Mittelpunkt des Analyseinteresses. Besondere Berücksichtigung findet auch die erste Lebensphase, die diese Personen in Syrien verlebt haben und der damit verbundenen Bildungserwerb oder das soziale und kulturelle Kapital, das im Herkunftsland erworben wurde. Die soziale Herkunft wird differenziert erfasst. Weiterhin wird der Weg nach Deutschland erfasst. Dazu werden Informationen zum Fluchtmotive bzw. -verlauf oder zu traumatischen Erlebnissen im Kontext der Migration erhoben. 96% der Erstbefragten haben ihre Zustimmung zu einer Verknüpfung mit den Registerdaten der BA erteilt. Die Verknüpfung beider Datenquellen erlaubt ein Weiterverfolgen der Bildungs- und Arbeitsmarktintegration dieser Personen in Deutschland. Die Verknüpfung von Surveydaten und Registerdaten liefert eine wichtige Datengrundlage für längerfristige Analysen zum Bildungs- und Erwerbsverlauf dieser jungen Menschen. Weiterhin wurde mit der Ersterhebung eine epidemiologische Erfassung der insbesondere seelischen Gesundheit durchgeführt. In den Wiederholungsbefragungen wurde der gesundheitliche Verlauf weiterverfolgt. Dies wird die Grundlage für künftige Analysen zum Verlauf von (seelischer) Gesundheit und der Verarbeitung von Trauma-Erfahrung sowie für Analysen zum Einfluss von (seelischer) Gesundheit auf den Prozess der Integration in Bildung und Beschäftigung bilden. Projektmethode empirisch quantitative Befragung, Verknüfung mit IAB-Prozessdaten; Verlaufs- und Verbleibsanalysen; Analysen zu Survey-Methodologie bei Migranten Projektziel Informationen zur Integration junger Fluchtmigranten in Bildung und Beschäftigung in Deutschland
Year 2016
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18 Project

Official Sunni and Shi'i Islam in Syria

Authors Annabelle BOTTCHER
Year 2002
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20 Working Paper

La migration hautement qualifiée en Syrie. Aspects juridiques

Authors Amal YAZJI-YAKOUB
Description
La Syrie a connu depuis le début du XXème siècle des vagues d’émigration successives, vers les Amériques, puis vers l’Europe. Ce phénomène s’est poursuivi jusqu’à aujourd’hui et continue à avoir d’importantes conséquences sur le plan économique et social, et surtout sur le développement scientifique et l’avancée de la recherche en Syrie. L’émigration ne draine plus seulement des travailleurs peu qualifiés mais également des individus titulaires d’un diplôme universitaire dits hautement qualifiés. Certes, ce phénomène a des retombées positives, comme les transferts de devises depuis l’étranger qui apportent un soutien non négligeable aux familles syriennes. Il contribue également au rayonnement de la Syrie à l’étranger. Toutefois, il représente aussi un appauvrissement dans certains secteurs qui ne parviennent pas à se développer du fait de la pénurie de travailleurs hautement qualifiés. Pour la Syrie, l’émigration hautement qualifiée apparaît donc comme une arme à double tranchant. La législation syrienne ne met pas d’entrave à la circulation de ses citoyens. Elle ne pose notamment pas de conditions pour limiter leur émigration, même si des initiatives ont été prises au cours des dix dernières années pour encadrer les émigrés syriens, et stimuler les liens qu’ils entretiennent avec leur pays d’origine. Malgré les besoins dans certains secteurs, la Syrie n’est pas une destination pour l’immigration hautement qualifiée, sans doute en raison des bas salaires, comparés à ceux perçus dans les pays de Golfe. Since the early twentieth century, Syria has experienced successive emigration waves, to America then to Europe. Emigration is ongoing and has important social and economic consequences, above all for scientific development and research in Syria. Emigration not only concerns unqualified or under-qualified workers, but also highly-qualified individuals. This phenomenon has obviously positive aspects : for example financial remittances which constitute an important resource for Syrian families, or migrants’ contribution to Syria’s profile abroad. Yet, migration is also harmful in some sectors that cannot develop without highly-skilled persons. Syrian legislation does not prevent citizens migrating, but Syria has attempted in the last ten years to channel Syrian emigrants, and to foster their link with their country of origin.In spite of needs in some fields, Syria is not a destination country for highly-skilled migrants, arguably because of low wages relative to the Gulf countries.
Year 2010
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21 Report

Internal migration in Syria: Findings from a national survey

Authors Marwan Khawaja
Description
“Internal Migration in Syria” presents the main findings of the Syria Internal Migration Survey (SIMS). The report looks at migration flows within and across provinces, and between rural and urban areas. Particular efforts have been made to investigate the claim that population movement from rural areas to Damascus and other provincial cities has diminished and that “reverse migration”, i.e. movement from cities to rural areas, and from provincial cities to other cities and towns has been taking place. In addition to examining the volume and patterns of internal migration, the report describes the socio-economic characteristics of migrants, examines the reasons for spatial movement, studies the use of remittances from migrants, and analyses the social integration of migrants at their places of destination. Furthermore, it looks at temporary, seasonal migration and peoples’ intentions to move in the future. The SIMS is a joint project between the University of Damascus, the Syrian Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) and Fafo Institute for Applied International Studies (Fafo). Data were collected during the second quarter of 2000. Interviews with more than 20,000 families were successfully completed. In addition to this report, two publications (a Tabulation report and an Analytical report), written in Arabic by the SIMS research teams from the University of Damascus and the CBS, have been published by the University of Damascus.
Year 2002
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22 Report

Three Years on: An Evaluation of the EU-Turkey Refugee Deal

Authors Seçil Paçacı Elitok
Year 2019
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24 Policy Brief

The political economic context of Syria's reconstruction : a prospective in light of a legacy of unequal development

Authors Joseph DAHER
Description
The article seeks to deepen the understanding and analysis around reconstruction dynamics. In this perspective, the economic policies of the Syrian government in the decade prior to the uprising are analysed. The paper then examines how the war transformed the political economy of Syria by considering the effects of destruction on the country’s economic structure. Finally, the article observes the possible scenarios and prospects based on the conflict’s current dynamics to consider new lines of research in the near future in relation to the topic of the war economy and the reconstruction process. Just as the war and its destruction have been used by the regime to intensify neoliberal policies and secure further political power, the way that reconstruction is shaped is another opportunity by which those in power will seek to extend their political and economic domination of Syria.
Year 2018
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26 Report

Syria: The Making and Unmaking of a Refuge State

Authors Dawn Chatty
Year 2018
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27 Book

General Overview of Migration into, through and from Syria

Authors Zaki MEHCHY, Amer Mahdi DOKO
Description
This paper provides a general overview of Syrian migration. Migration in Syria has been particularly affected by the economic and socio-political environment in the region. Figures for Syrian emigrants vary widely because of the lack of available data and because too of the different methodologies employed in measurement; they range from between about one million and fifteen million. Arab countries are the main destination for Syrian emigrants, especially for those who engage in circular migration. Remittances sent by emigrants to their families seem to play a growing role in the Syrian economy: their contribution to GDP increased from less than 1% in 2000 to about 5% in 2009. The number of immigrants in Syria can be more accurately gauged than the number of emigrants given that more than 90% of these are refugees who are monitored and tracked by the government and international organizations. The number of refugees in Syria was estimated at around 1.4 million in 2009; the majority were Iraqis followed by Palestinians with a small minority from other nationalities. About 10% of Iraqi refugees were subject to resettlement in third countries. The remaining immigrants are workers who could be divided into two groups; the first including highly-skilled employees, while the second and larger group is made up of domestic workers coming from southeast Asian countries. Laws and regulations that are related to migration in Syria focus on organizing and controlling immigrants’ inflow and encouraging emigrants to invest in the country. Résumé Cet article livre un panorama général du phénomène migratoire en Syrie encore récemment encouragé par les conditions éco-socio-politiques enlisant l’ensemble de la région. Il reste que, toutefois, de grands écarts de mesure de l’émigration syrienne se creusent – tenant à la fois au peu de données disponibles, et à des méthodes de recensement différentes : cette estimation repose, en effet, sur un écart allant de un à quinze millions d’émigrés. Les pays arabes représentent la principale destination de l’émigration syrienne, en particulier s’agissant des candidats investis dans un parcours migratoire circulaire. En outre, la contribution croissante des envois de fond – transférés par les émigrés à leurs familles – dans l’économie syrienne est forte à souligner, avec une proportion dans le PNB s’élevant de moins de 1% en 2000 à environ 5% en 2009. S’agissant de l’immigration en Syrie, le nombre d’immigrés enregistré sur le territoire est plus aisément recensable par comparaison avec le nombre d’émigrants, dans la mesure essentielle où plus de 90% des immigrés sont à la fois couverts par le statut de réfugiés, et recensés et suivis comme tels par le gouvernement et les organisations internationales. Il en ressort que le nombre de réfugiés en Syrie a été estimé, au titre de l’année 2009, à hauteur de 1.4 millions d’individus ; la majorité est constituée d’Irakiens, suivie par des Palestiniens et par une minorité plus restreinte constituée de diverses nationalités. Néanmoins, près de 10% des réfugiés irakiens ont été sujet à une réinstallation dans des pays tiers. Le segment restant de la population immigrée est constitué de travailleurs, classe subdivisée en deux catégories : la première catégorie compte parmi ses rangs des employés hautement qualifiés, alors que la seconde – plus largement constituée – comprend essentiellement des travailleurs domestiques issus des pays de l’Asie du Sud-est. Les lois et règlements portant sur la migration tels qu’en vigueur en Syrie mettent surtout l’accent sur l’organisation et le contrôle des flux d’immigration, et la promotion des investissements versés dans le pays par les émigrés.
Year 2011
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29 Report

Erosion and resilience of the Iraqi-Syrian border

Authors Peter HARLING, Alex SIMON
Year 2015
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30 Working Paper

The Labour Market in the SEM Countries: a Legal Perspective

Authors Guido BONI
Description
(En) Understanding the legal framework in force in the SEM countries is of paramount importance in order to grasp the functioning of the labour market and the influence that it can have on migration. The analysis presented here focuses on 11 countries (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Turkey) and deals with those aspects of the legal regulation in force which can be considered responsible for shaping the employment relationship in term of rigidity or flexibility. The Report is divided in a series of country-studies where the various legal components of the labour market are presented and critically analysed following the same structure for each one in order to enhance comparability: rules concerning hiring, flexible contracts, working time, dismissals, and work inspections. The results, which draw mainly upon international organisations’ sources and upon the analysis of legal texts and laws in these countries, are preliminary. In the concluding remarks, it is explained that if the most valuable research output of this report is to provide cross-comparative analysis to a vast legal material critically organised, the main limitation resides in the fact that it is mainly cantered on the black-letters of the rules and therefore further research must be done on the multifaceted aspects that contribute to shaping a labour market, namely the social dialogue, the case-law and the actual functioning of labour market institutions such as labour inspections, employment agencies, social security, in order to mange to paint the full picture of the SEM countries’ labour market. A preliminary critical assessment of the labour markets is however provided, combining the data on the legal framework in force with the analysis of the independent international reports prepared by various international institutions and NGOs on labour rights’ violations. (Fr)Il est de toute première importance de bien comprendre le cadre légal en vigueur dans les pays du Sud et de l’Est de la Méditerranée (SEM) afin d’y saisir le fonctionnement du marché du travail et son influence potentielle sur les flux migratoires. L’étude porte sur 11 de ces pays soit l’Algérie, l’Egypte, Israël, la Jordanie, le Liban, la Libye, la Mauritanie, le Maroc, la Syrie, la Tunisie et enfin la Turquie. C’est principalement, les éléments juridiques qui affectent les relations de travail en termes de rigidité et de flexibilité qui sont analysés. Ce rapport s’appuie sur une série de cas d’étude nationaux. Les aspects juridiques du marché du travail y sont décrits et analysés dans une perspective critique. Chacun des systèmes légaux nationaux a été soumis à la même grille d’analyse afin d’assurer la comparabilité des données. Sont donc envisagées de manière systématiques: les dispositions relatives à l’engagement, à la flexibilité des contrats, au temps de travail, aux préavis et aux inspections du travail. Les conclusions formulées, sont à ce stade tout à fait préliminaires. L’un des intérêts manifestes de cette recherche est de rendre accessible en Anglais, de manière systématique et critique, un large éventail de dispositions juridiques. La principale limite de cette étude est certainement son aspect formel puisque les modalités de mise en œuvre de ces dispositions et la pratique des relations de travail échappent, en grande partie à la perception son auteur. De plus amples recherches devraient être menées sur les divers facteurs qui contribuent à déterminer les dynamiques du marché du travail dans les SEM, soit le dialogue social, la jurisprudence et le fonctionnement réel des institutions de régulation du marché du travail telles que l’Inspection du Travail, les Agences pour l’Emploi et la Sécurité Sociale. Ce rapport suggère néanmoins une première évaluation critique résultant de la combinaison des données juridiques recueillies et de l’analyse des rapports internationaux élaborés par diverses institutions internationales et des ONG actives dans le domaine de la violation des droits du travail.
Year 2009
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31 Report

Inside wars : local dynamics of conflicts in Syria and Libya

Authors Luigi NARBONE, Agnès FAVIER, Virginie COLLOMBIER
Year 2016
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32 Book

The EU, Turkey and Refugees: The need for humanitarian approaches

Authors Richard Burchill
Description
he world is experiencing the highest levels of human displacement ever, with over seventy million people affected around the world. The conflicts in Syria and the wider Middle East have caused millions of people to flee their homes and livelihoods. In 2016 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, recognising the need for increased global cooperation to address the situation of refugees through a humanitarian, people-focused approach. Confronting the challenge of large numbers of refugees seeking new lives in Europe as a consequence of displacement from war and conflict in Syria and Iraq, the EU and Turkey reached a series of agreements that led to Turkey undertaking to restrict the flow of people – an arrangement that continues to affect some 3.5 million humans in need. This paper argues that the agreements struck between the EU and Turkey for controlling the refugee situation have not maintained a humanitarian approach. Instead, they have been, and continue to be, marked by a divisive and politicised discourse that reflects underlying tensions between the two parties rather than addressing the urgent requirements of a vulnerable population. This paper addresses the problems created by the EU-Turkey approach to handling refugees and explores options for pursuing a more humanitarian approach.
Year 2020
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35 Report

The Social Impact of Family Separation on Refugee Settlement and Inclusion in Australia

Principal investigator Rebecca Wickes (Principal Investigator), Rebecca Powell (Co-Investigator), John Van Kooy (Co-Investigator)
Description
The main purpose of the proposed research is to document human migration and resettlement experience, with a particular focus of migrants from Syria, the Horn of Africa, and Asia (especially Afghanistan). The particular focus of the study is to determine the impact of family separation on resettlement and social inclusion outcomes for refugees and their host communities in Australia. The findings will help strengthen the evidence-base on resettlement as well as inform Oxfam’s campaign on migration focusing on family reunion.
Year 2019
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40 Project

Back to Syria? : conflicting patterns of mobility among Syrian refugees in Jordan

Authors Luigi ACHILLI
Year 2016
Journal Name Orient, 2016, Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 7-13
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42 Journal Article

Realizing protection space for Iraqi refugees UNHCR in Syria, Jordan and Lebanon

Authors Anne Evans Barnes, UNHCR. Policy Development and Evaluation Service
Year 2009
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43 Report

A Gendered Approach to the Syrian Refugee Crisis

Authors Jane Freedman, Zeynep Kivilcim, Nurcan Özgür Baklacıoğlu
Year 2017
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45 Book

Nujeen: One Girl's Incredible Journey from War-torn Syria in a Wheelchair

Authors Nujeen Mustafa, Christina Lamb
Year 2016
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46 Book

EU Neighbourhood Migration Report 2013

Authors Philippe FARGUES
Description
This report covers migration in 18 EU neighbouring countries, including: Algeria; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Belarus; Egypt; Georgia; Jordan; Lebanon; Libya; Mauritania; Moldova; Morocco; Palestine; Russia; Syria; Tunisia; Turkey and Ukraine. Each country report provides the most recent update on the demographic, legal, and socio-political aspects of both inward and outward migration stocks and flows.
Year 2013
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47 Report

Les réfugiés irakiens en Syrie

Authors Fawaz SALEH
Description
Résumé En raison des liens fraternels qu’elle entretient avec ses voisins arabes, la Syrie n’a pas, jusqu’en octobre 2007, exigé de visa à l’égard des Irakiens qui frappaient à sa porte suite aux troubles induits par l’invasion américaine de 2003. Mais le nombre croissant de demandeurs d’asile a poussé les autorités syriennes à revoir leur politique en raison du poids économique et social que cette population en exil représente pour la société syrienne. L’accueil des réfugiés irakiens s’appuie sur une politique de tolérance sans reconnaissance formelle de leur qualité de réfugiés. Face à cette situation extraordinaire, l’auteur ainsi que les autorités syriennes déplorent la faiblesse de la solidarité internationale en dépit des promesses faites à Genève en avril 2007. Abstract For reasons of Arab solidarity, Syria did not, prior to October 2007, set any visa requirement for those Iraq refugees who fled from the troubles whipped up by the 2003 American-led invasion. The Syrian authorities have changed though their policy because of the economic and social tensions produced in Syrian society by the growing number of Iraqi refugees. Iraqis in Syria benefit from a tolerant policy without any formal recognition of their refugee status. Confronted with this exceptional situation, the author and the Syrian authorities deplore the weakness of international support towards Iraqi refugees notwithstanding the promises made in Geneva in April 2007.
Year 2009
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48 Report

«El año de los refugiados». Anuario CIDOB de la Inmigración 2015-2016 (nueva época)

Authors test test
Description
Desde hace ya bastantes años, la inmigración se ha situado en el centro de la atención pública y de la arena política en Europa. Pero nunca lo había hecho con tanta intensidad como en 2015 y 2016. En estos dos años la gran protagonista, a su pesar, ha sido la inmigración forzosa, personificada en el millón muy largo de refugiados que, principalmente a través del Mediterráneo, han entrado en Europa procedentes de Siria, Afganistán, Irak, Somalia y otros países que atraviesan circunstancias trágicas. Ello ha dado lugar a la mal llamada «crisis de los refugiados», en su doble vertiente de masiva catástrofe humanitaria y de gravísima crisis para la Unión Europea.
Year 2016
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49 Report

Syrian refugees in seasonal agricultural work: a case of adverse incorporation in Turkey

Authors Sinem Kavak
Year 2016
Journal Name New Perspectives on Turkey
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51 Journal Article

Labour Markets Performance and Migration Flows in Arab Mediterranean Countries: Determinants and Effects

Authors Philippe FARGUES, Iván MARTIN
Description
The main objective of this Study is to analyze the key labour market determinants of migration flows from selected Arab Mediterranean Countries (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and the Occupied Palestinian Territories) and the impact of outward migration on the labour markets of Arab Mediterranean Countries (AMCs). This has been done mainly on the basis of the evidence and analysis produced by the two Thematic Background Papers and the 8 National Background Papers commissioned for the Study. In turn, the National Background Papers are deliberately based on national statistical data sources: this makes comparability less straightforward, but has the merit of using original data available at the local level, where they are collected and generated.
Year 2010
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52 Report

The European response to the Syrian refugee crisis : what next?

Authors Philippe FARGUES, Christine FANDRICH
Description
Although over 450,000 Syrians fled to countries nearby Syria, numbers seeking refuge within the EU remain small. In 2011, a total of 8,920 Syrians applied for asylum within EU borders, while in the first three quarters of 2012 applications increased slightly, reaching a total of 11,573. Only 1,490 irregular entries of Syrians were recorded during the last three quarters of 2011, which rose to 2,739 in the first two quarters of 2012. Numbers of Syrians applying for immigration have also remained negligible. In light of the overall magnitude of the crisis compared with the actual numbers reaching Europe, this paper reviews EU’s response to the crisis. First, it presents the facts: a historical review of displacements from Syria, the numbers, and the route of travel for Syrian refugees, migrants, and asylum seekers to Europe. This is followed by a review of European responses to the Syrian crisis. Finally, the paper concludes with recommendations for addressing the Syrian refugee crisis. In short, the EU could consider: establishing a Regional Protection Programme (RPP) with a large increase of Syrian refugee resettlement as a required component; increasing refugee resettlement for those who have been affected by the Syrian crisis and are the most in need; continue positive asylum procedures throughout the EU, and grant prima facie recognition including provision of sufficient assistance to Syrian asylum seekers; encourage visa facilitation and family reunification for Syrians; and continue to work with its international partners to find a political and humanitarian solution to the Syrian crisis.
Year 2012
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53 Report

Suriyeli Mülteci Kadınların Kuma Dramı: Kilis İli Örneği

Authors Feride Vural, İpek Agçadağ Çelik
Year 2018
Journal Name OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi
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54 Journal Article

Future Citizens in Pedagogical Texts and Education Policies. Examples from Norway, Sweden, Syria and Turkey

Principal investigator Sabine Gruber (REMESO Project Leader), Marie Carlson (Participants not from REMESO), Annika Rabo (Participants not from REMESO), Tuba Kanci (Participants not from REMESO)
Description
The aim of this project is to grasp processes of globalization in education policies and in selected pedagogic texts in Norway, Sweden, Syria and Turkey through a focus on the education of the "right" kind of future citizen. People increasingly move across national borders for longer or shorter periods. The autonomy of nation states is thus challenged and questioned, but they still hedge in and concomitantly close off people in separate national spaces. These simultaneous often contradictory - processes are of great importance for how the right kind of future citizen is moulded in mandatory schooling. Research on transnationalism is a theoretical starting point for this project. Long- or short term migrants create and maintain social relations which cut across national borders, but also law and policies move and are established across such borders. Research on education and nation state building and the globalization of education are important for the project, in order to understand education polices and the governance of education. We will collect and analyze educational documents and curricula for selected subjects like history, civic and religious education, interview politicians with influence over education, as well as teachers and authors of textbooks, and scrutinize selected textbooks in the four national settings. The cases will be used for soft comparison where similarities and differences will be used throughout to generate new insights and deepen the analysis.
Year 2011
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55 Project

Turkey's post-2011 approach to its Syrian border and its implications for domestic politics

Authors Aslı Selin OKYAY
Year 2017
Journal Name International Affairs
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56 Journal Article

Human Capital, Values, and Attitudes of Persons Seeking Refuge in Austria in 2015

Authors Isabella Buber-Ennser, Judith Kohlenberger, Bernhard Rengs, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name Plos One
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57 Journal Article

2018 MEDAM assessment report on asylum and migration policies in Europe : sharing responsibility for refugees and expanding legal immigration

Authors Matthias LÜCKE
Description
The EU faces major challenges in asylum and migration policy: reorganize the EU asylum system, secure the external border, curb irregular immigration through cooperation with African governments, and support developing countries that host large numbers of refugees from Syria and elsewhere. These challenges are inter-connected and require a comprehensive approach with broad support by all EU member states. However, member states are affected by immigration in substantially different ways and the political preferences of policy makers and voters also vary widely–necessitating implementable proposals to overcome the EU’s asylum and immigration impasse. The 2018 MEDAM Assessment Report proposes a comprehensive strategy for EU asylum and immigration policies that is both politically feasible and effective, based on the concept of flexible solidarity between EU member states.
Year 2018
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60 Report

The leverage of the gatekeeper : power and interdependence in the migration nexus between the European Union and Turkey

Authors Aslı Selin OKYAY, Jonathan ZARAGOZA CRISTIANI
Year 2016
Journal Name International spectator
Citations (WoS) 3
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61 Journal Article

A Tale of Two Cities: Aleppo and Istanbul

Authors Ayhan Kaya
Year 2017
Journal Name European Review
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62 Journal Article

Refugee Economies: Rethinking Popular Assumptions

Description
In the words of UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres, we face ‘the most serious refugee crisis for 20 years’. Recent displacement from Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, South Sudan, and Somalia has increased the number of refugees in the world to 15.4 million. Significantly, some 10.2 million of these people are in protracted refugee situations. In other words, they have been in limbo for at least 5 years, with an average length of stay in exile of nearly 20 years. Rather than transitioning from emergency relief to long-term reintegration, displaced populations too often get trapped within the system. This report aims to challenge the current model of donor state-led assistance, drawing on ground-breaking new research on the economic life of refugees. By attempting to understand the economic systems of displaced populations, we hope to generate new ideas which can turn humanitarian challenges into sustainable opportunities.
Year 2014
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63 Report

Real-time evaluation of UNHCR's response to the emergency in Lebanon and Syria, July-September 2006

Authors Stefan Sperl, Khassim Diagne, David Snider, ...
Year 2006
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66 Report

Labour markets performance and migration flows in Arab Mediterranean countries : a regional perspective

Authors Iván MARTIN
Description
The objectives of the Study are two-fold: To analyze the key labour market determinants of migration flows from selected Arab Mediterranean Countries (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and the Occupied Palestinian Territories), with a particular emphasis on demographic pressures, wage differentials and relative income disparities with the EU, employment policies, labour market flexibility and unemployment rates; this analysis includes the impact of migration on the labour markets of Arab Mediterranean Country (AMCs) labour markets; To propose a series of specific recommendations to improve the design of the EU’s migration policies towards AMCs and policy options available to them for the management of mismatches between labour supply and demand.
Year 2009
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68 Report

Iraqi Refugees in Neighboring Countries: A New Forced Protracted Displacement in the Region

Authors Mohamed Y. OLWAN
Description
The Iraqi refugees as other Iraqis are victims of the abuses of human rights inside their country, and they are also victims of foreign invasion and occupation. This study examines the different legal regimes that have been used by five asylum countries in dealing with the protection and assistance needs of hundreds of thousands of these refugees. While acknowledging the role played by these host countries and in particular Syria and Jordan, in alleviating the suffering of Iraqi refugees the study points that the legal status of these refugees is still ambiguous. The study considers if they are more considered as foreigners or refugee’s, at least de facto refugee’s. It highlights also that the domestic law in these countries is not always in compliance with international law. The role played by the UNHCR is also envisaged. Finally, this study discusses the uncertain future of the refugees whether they decide to stay at the asylum countries, to return home, or to be resettled in third countries.
Year 2009
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69 Report

Changing health along the Syrian refugees trajectories to Norway. Somatic and mental health relationships and implication for treatment.

Principal investigator Esperanza Diaz (Principal Investigator)
Description
Norway received over 30.000 asylum seekers in 2015 and the number of refugees in the country will soon reach a total of 200.000. Refugees living in Norway have higher burden of disease than other migrants and are underrepresented in the labour market. The associations between somatic and mental health for this population is barely explored, but several studies show the challenge of adequately diagnosing immigrants from non-Western countries with specific diseases, which hinders correct treatment and rehabilitation processes, and decreases the satisfaction of patients with the health care system. Although the healthy immigrant effect is described also for refugees and there is evidence of rapid deterioration of their health once in the host country, little is known about the interactive development of somatic and mental disease through the migration path, this is to say, pre-departure, at interception and at destination, for these patients. For asylum seekers and refugees from Syria on their way to or already living in Norway, this project will determine the risk factors for negative development of somatic and mental health and for increase of unmet health care needs, through the different stages of the migration process. Also, the clinical implications of the associations between mental and somatic health will be tested by measuring the effect of two different treatments, individual physiotherapy and group-based psychological treatment, on both somatic and mental health. Therefore, our results will provide valuable information about the high health risk stages of the migration path, enabling preventive strategies at these points, and about the implications of the interactions between somatic and mental health for the design of health care for asylum seekers and refugees. Although our study will only include refugees from Syria through to enable a trajectory approach, we believe our results will universally apply to any asylum seeker/refugee group.
Year 2017
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71 Project

The future of Syrian Christians after the Arab Spring

Authors Georges FAHMI
Description
The wave of popular uprisings that started in 2010 offered religious and ethnic minorities an opportunity to obtain full rights in a new democratic, political regime. However, a violent turn of events in many of these countries has put religious and ethnic communities under unprecedented threat. In particular, this is the case of Christian communities in Syria that have found themselves caught between the rise of radical Islamist groups and the inability of the political regime to offer them basic public services, not even security. This paper seeks to analyse the different political attitudes of Syrian Christians towards the 2011 Syrian uprising through its various phases; what are the main challenges that have shaped these attitudes, and what policies shall be adopted by local and external actors in order to address them?
Year 2018
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72 Report

Postcards From the Edge of Europe: Immigrant Landscapes and the Creation of Greektopia, Heterotopia, and Atopia in Lesvos, Greece

Authors DeMond Shondell Miller, Sotiris Chtouris
Year 2017
Journal Name Space and Culture
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73 Journal Article

Beyond legality and illegality : Palestinian informal networks and the ethno-political facilitation of irregular migration from Syria

Authors Luigi ACHILLI, Mjriam ABU SAMRA
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2010, 36, 5, 847-859
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74 Journal Article

Migration after the Arab Spring

Authors Philippe FARGUES, Christine FANDRICH
Description
This paper provides a statistical assessment of migration before and after the uprisings in the Southern Mediterranean. It will review European and Arab state policies regarding migration and will ultimately encourage the factoring of the outcomes of the Arab Spring within migration policies on both shores of the Mediterranean. The assessment is based upon the most recent statistical data gathered directly from the competent offices in European Member States; from policy documents emanating from the European Union and concerned States; and from first-hand accounts from surveys conducted in Spring 2012 by scholars in six Arab countries (within Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon) in collaboration with the Migration Policy Centre (MPC). Notably, migration to Europe has not been accelerated by the Arab Spring, apart from a short-lived movement from Tunisia, but has simply continued along previous trends. In sharp contrast, migration within the Southern Mediterranean has been deeply impacted by the events as outflows of migrants and refugees fled instability and violence in Libya and Syria.
Year 2012
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76 Report

Integration measures and labour market success of refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection in Austria

Authors Roland Hosner, Irina Vana, Golschan Khun Jush
Description
Analysing the development of the labour market status of refugees in Austria represents a key field of research for integration policy. The survey on integration of refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection in Austria, which was conducted as part of the FIMAS project, provides a socio-scientific dataset for the analysis of the status quo of labour market integration and integration processes of members of the target group in Austria. The project surveyed close to 1,200 refugees in five Austrian federal provinces. The survey was conducted through personal interviews between August 2016 and May 2017 in Vienna, Upper Austria, Salzburg, Styria and Tyrol. Target groups for the interviews were persons of working age (15-60) from Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq and the Russian Federation (mainly Chechnya), who had been granted refugee status or subsidiary protection in Austria in the preceding ten years.
Year 2020
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77 Report

Forced migration, citizenship, and space: the case of Syrian Kurdish refugees in İstanbul

Authors Gülay Kılıçaslan
Year 2016
Journal Name New Perspectives on Turkey
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78 Journal Article

Talent displaced: The economic lives of Syrian refugees in Europe

Authors Alexander Betts, Cathryn Costello, Natascha Zaun
Description
Conflict and civil unrest in Syria has caused more than 5 million refugees to flee their homes. While a relatively small proportion of these individuals have settled in Europe, there is a high level of public awareness and concern around the support being offered to these refugees. To contribute to this discussion, Deloitte and the Refugee Studies Centre (RSC) at the University of Oxford have collaborated on an exploratory survey of refugees in three European countries – Austria, the Netherlands, and the UK. This survey studied a small sample of refugees and businesses aiming to enhance understanding of the economic lives of Syrian refugees in Europe with a particular focus on employment. The study seeks to contribute to the conversation on the challenges facing refugees as they seek work, and how to best support them as they settle in their host countries. More research and better understanding of these challenges can help target the assistance and support that businesses, government, and NGOs are providing for the refugees in Europe.
Year 2017
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81 Report

Narrative analysis of Syrians, South Sudanese and Libyans transiting in Egypt: a motivation-opportunity-ability approach

Authors Hélène Syed Zwick
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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83 Journal Article

The ‘Great Migration’ of summer 2015: analysing the assemblage of key drivers in Turkey

Authors Franck Düvell
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 1
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84 Journal Article

Processes of labour market integration of refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection in Austria

Description
Research Objectives Upon their recognition, refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection receive full access to the labour market in Austria and should be enabled to become financially independent quickly and sustainably. To this end, labour market integration is vital. Building on the FIMAS research project and survey, the project FIMAS+INTEGRATION aimed at closing research gaps related to the processes of labour market integration of the growing refugee population. Based on a longitudinal survey, refugees’ integration trajectories as well as the effects of measures for labour market integration were analysed. The total sample includes a panel component, following initial respondents from 2016/2017, and a refresher sample. Online, self-completion, and face-to-face CAPI interviews were conducted with more than 1,600 recognised refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection between December 2017 and April 2018. The sample includes persons of working age from Syria, Afghanistan, and Iraq. Interviews were implemented in five federal states: Vienna, Styria, Upper Austria, Salzburg, and Tyrol.
Year 2017
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85 Project

Deir al-Zor after Islamic state : between Kurdish self-administration and a return of the Syrian regime

Authors Awad ZIAD
Description
بينما تشهد محافظة دير الزور حالة اضطراب هائل، تطرح الهزيمة العسكرية لداعش احتمالات عدة لمسألة استقرار هذه المنطقة وإعادة بناء السلام فيها في المدى المتوسط والبعيد. لذلك يحاول هذا البحث تحليل جانب من الآثار العميقة التي خلفتها الحرب في بنية مجتمع دير الزور وتحديد الاستجابات المحتملة للمجتمعات المحلية إزاء سلطتي الإدارة الذاتية والنظام وتحديد آليات الحكم لدى كل منهما. ويبين هذا البحث التحديات الهائلة التي تواجه منطقة دير الزور بعد داعش، من ظاهرة التفكك الاجتماعي نتيجة للصراع وموجات النزوح إلى عوامل توتر عدة قد تولد نزاعات كبيرة في المدى المتوسط. This paper seeks to unpack the local dynamics of the conflict in Deir al-Zor, that are critical to the stability of the region as a whole. Deir al-Zor was the main entry point for Islamic State of Iraq into Syria, because of the governorate’s strategic location. IS managed to establish control over large swathes of territory. Subsequently, though, the group gradually lost sway over much of this territory, leaving Deir al-Zor as its last bastion of influence in Syria. The region of Deir al-Zor only lately came to prominence on a national and international level in light of the fight against IS. By the beginning of 2018, two separate military campaigns had divided Deir al-Zor geographically, militarily and politically. One of the two areas is governed by the Kurdish Self Administration, while the other is under the control of the Syrian regime. The territory in Deir al-Zor controlled by IS, meanwhile, now comprises just two small areas. Between 2012 and 2017, displacement and migration exacerbated the divisions among local communities. Weakness and competition within the tribal structure - the main social unit of local society - left the population extremely vulnerable to exploitation by jihadi Salafism, although IS was ultimately unable to rally lasting support from the tribes. The Syrian Democratic Forces – whose core is composed of armed Kurdish units loyal to the Democratic Union Party (PYD) – have been able to impose their military control over part of Deir Al-Zor province. Under the governance model followed by the Self Administration in Deir al-Zor, there are significant tensions between, on the one hand, the governance model’s ethnic Kurdish identity and commitment to the ideology espoused by PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan, and on the other, the local community’s conservative Arab Sunni identity. These tensions could lead to serious conflict in the medium-term.
Year 2018
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86 Report

The smartphone as a lifeline: an exploration of refugees’ use of mobile communication technologies during their flight

Authors Amanda Alencar, Katerina Kondova, Wannes Ribbens
Year 2018
Journal Name Media, Culture & Society
Citations (WoS) 2
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87 Journal Article

Irregular Migration into and through Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Countries: Legal Perspectives

Authors Ryszard CHOLEWINSKI, Kristina TOUZENIS
Description
This synthesis report aims to provide an overview of the national legal frameworks of 11 Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries addressing irregular migration taking place to and from their territories. The countries under examination are Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey. The unique position in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) is also analyzed. The irregular migration flows into and out of these countries are complex. Most of the countries in question are, to a certain degree, countries of origin, transit and destination. In some instances, irregular migration flows are intertwined with refugee movements, especially from Iraq and sub-Saharan Africa. The legal status of asylum seekers and refugees is far from transparent in a number of these countries and consequently they are often considered to be in an irregular situation. Their status is also bound up with the presence of a large number of Palestinian and Iraqi refugees, especially in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. The residence status of Palestinians in the OPT is also unstable. It is worthy to underline that a number of countries in the region have relatively complex and restrictive provisions regarding the access of foreign nationals to the labour market, with the result that migrants are at greater risk of irregularity. Ce rapport de synthèse offre un aperçu des cadres législatifs nationaux pertinents en matière de migration irrégulière en vigueur dans 11 pays du Sud et de l’Est de la Méditerranée. Les pays analysés sont l’Algérie, l’Egypte, Israël, la Jordanie, le Liban, la Libye, la Mauritanie, le Maroc, la Syrie, la Tunisie et la Turquie.1 1 Il faut noter qu’aucun rapport national n’a été transmis pour l’Algérie et la Libye. La situation très spécifique des Territoires occupés palestiniens est également envisagée. Les flux migratoires au départ et à travers cette région sont complexes. La plupart de ces pays sont, à des degrés divers, à la fois des pays d’origine, de transit et de destination. Dans certains cas, les flux de migrations irrégulières sont mixtes, c'est-à-dire également composés de mouvements de réfugiés, principalement en provenance d’Irak et d’Afrique sub-saharienne. Dans les divers pays d’accueil, le statut légal de ces réfugiés est loin d’être transparent de telle sorte qu’ils sont souvent considérés comme des migrants en situation irrégulière. Leur situation est également influencée par la présence numériquement importante de réfugiés palestiniens et irakiens, principalement en Egypte, en Jordanie, au Liban et en Syrie. Le titre de séjour des Palestiniens dans les Territoires occupés est également précaire. Il faut par ailleurs souligner que la complexité et la sévérité des législations relatives à l’accès au marché du travail d’un certain nombre de pays couverts par le rapport concourent à l’accroissement des situations d’irrégularité.
Year 2009
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88 Report

Iraqis in Egypt. A Statistical Survey in 2008

Authors Philippe FARGUES, Saeed EL-MASRY, Sara SADEK, ...
Year 2008
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89 Book

Beyond Vulnerability: Syrian Refugees in Urban Spaces in Turkey

Authors Glenda Santana de Andrade
Year 2020
Journal Name International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy
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93 Journal Article

Refugee migration and service industries: advancing the research agenda

Authors Anna Farmaki, Prokopis Christou
Year 2019
Journal Name The Service Industries Journal
Citations (WoS) 1
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94 Journal Article

Modeling migrant smuggling: Testing descriptive types against recent findings

Authors Veronika Bilger
Year 2018
Journal Name New Perspectives on Turkey
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96 Journal Article

Syrian refugees in Turkey

Authors Senay ÖZDEN
Description
This report provides an overview of Syrian migration to Turkey since the start of the revolt in Syria in March 2011. The number of displaced Syrians crossing the border into Turkey has dramatically risen with the escalating use of violence employed by the Syrian regime ito suppress the revolt. According to the United Nations Refugee Agency, 182,621 Syrian refugees were living in Turkey mid-February 2013 (http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php). With the influx of huge numbers of Syrians into Turkey, anti-immigrant, anti-Arab discourses have surfaced among the Turkish public. Furthermore, due to the Turkish governments’ openly hostile position to the Syrian regime, Syrian migration became closely linked with Turkish domestic politics and foreign policy. Those individuals and political bodies critical of the Turkish government assumed an anti-immigrant position accusing displaced Syrians of being armed, sectarian rebels. Therefore, analyzing the Syrian migrant community in Turkey means contextualizing it within the political framework of the host-society.
Year 2013
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97 Report

Forced Migration of Syrians to Jordan: An exploratory study

Authors Mohamed Y. OLWAN, Ahmad SHIYAB
Description
The study attempts to identify the economic, social and legal conditions of Syrian refugees residing in Jordan, subsequent to the events of March 2011 in Syria. The study sample consists of 105 interviews, which were conducted with the household heads of Syrian families residing in four governorates; Irbid, Mafraq, Balqa and Amman. The respondents were interviewed and they were asked to answer the 55 question survey included in the study questionnaire. The results of this exploratory study involved significant indicators regarding the challenges and difficulties faced by the Jordanian government as a result of hosting Syrian refugees on its territory. There is an urgent need to support the vital sectors necessary for refugees like health and education and the provision of adequate housing in addition to cash assistance to refugees. Thus, the UNHCR and the international community as a whole have to do their duty towards Syrian refugees in countries where they have taken refuge (Iraq, Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan).
Year 2012
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98 Report

IAB-BAMF-SOEP Befragung von Geflüchteten

Principal investigator Herbert Brücker (Principal Investigator), Yuliya Kosyakova (Principal Investigator)
Description
"Die IAB-BAMF-SOEP Befragung von Geflüchteten ist ein Kooperationsprojekt zwischen dem IAB, dem SOEP am DIW Berlin und dem Forschungszentrum des Bundesamtes für Migration und Flüchtlinge (BAMF-FZ). Sie enthält Informationen von Asylbewerberinnen und Asylbewerbern über ihre sozio-ökonomischen Eigenschaften, ihre Bildung, ihre Migrationsmotive und -wege, ihre Lebensumstände früher und heute und ihre Werte und Einstellungen. Die erste Welle wurde 2016 erhoben und enthält 4.816 erwachsene Geflüchtete, die seit 2013 in Deutschland angekommen sind. Die Stichprobe wurde aus dem Ausländerzentralregister (AZR) gezogen und ist repräsentativ für die Asylbewerber, die zwischen 1.1.2013 und 31.1.2016 eingereist sind und bis spätestens Ende Juni 2016 ihren Asylantrag gestellt haben. Asylbewerber mit höherer Bleibewahrscheinlichkeit zum Zeitpunkt der Stichprobenziehung wurden aufgrund des längsschnittlichen Designs überdurchschnittlich berücksichtigt (z.B. Afghanen, Iraker und Syrer). Zusätzlich wurden Frauen und Personen über 30 Jahren überrepräsentiert. Mit entsprechender Gewichtung können dennoch repräsentative Ergebnisse erzielt werden. Projekt 3530 is Nachfolgeprojekt von 1783 für weitere drei Jahre. Im Rahmen des Projekts wird eine repräsentative Panelbefragung von Asylbewerbern und Flüchtlingen in Deutschland durchgeführt. Dadurch werden erstmals umfassende Befragungsdaten über die soziale Situation dieser Bevölkerungsgruppen gewonnen und für die Arbeitsmarktpolitik und Forschung nutzbar gemacht. Projektziel Ziel ist der Aufbau einer Datengrundlage für die Flüchtlingsforschung, die breit angelegt ist und mit Hilfe derer sowohl für die Politikberatung als auch für die Forschung belastbare Ergebnisse erzielt werden können."
Year 2019
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99 Project

Beware states piercing holes into citizenship

Authors Matthew Gibney, Audrey Macklin, Rainer Baubock
Year 2015
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100 Working Paper
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