Saudi Arabia

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Bringing Agency Back In: Indonesian Migrant Domestic Workers in Saudi Arabia

Authors Nurchayati
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Citations (WoS) 2
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1 Journal Article

Taikongs and Calos: The Role of Middlemen and Brokers in Javanese International Migration

Authors Ernst Spaan
Year 1994
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 39
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2 Journal Article

Bringing Agency Back In: Indonesian Migrant Domestic Workers in Saudi Arabia

Authors Nurchayati
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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3 Journal Article

GAZING UPON THE KINGDOM An Audience Reception Analysis of a Televised Travelogue

Authors Eunice Eunjung Yoo, Christine N. Buzinde
Year 2012
Journal Name ANNALS OF TOURISM RESEARCH
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5 Journal Article

Taikongs and Calos: The Role of Middlemen and Brokers in Javanese International Migration

Authors Ernst Spaan
Year 1994
Journal Name International Migration Review
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6 Journal Article

Recent amnesty programmes for irregular migrants in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia : some successes and failures

Authors Nasra M. SHAH
Description
Hardly any research is available on the patterns of irregular migration in the Gulf countries, home to about 23 million migrant workers and their families. The objective of this paper is to briefly document the volume and types of irregular migration in the region and to evaluate the response of irregular migrants to recent amnesty programmes in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia for regularising their stay or facilitating their departure. Irregular migrants in Kuwait were defined as those overstaying their residence, visit, or other visa. In Saudi Arabia, they were defined as those overstaying their visa, working for someone other than their sponsor, or in an occupation that did not match their work permit. Of the 124,000 irregular migrants in Kuwait in 2011, only 37 percent departed or regularised their stay while the rest remained in the country illegally. Bangladeshis were the largest group among irregular migrants, followed by Egyptians and Indians. In Saudi Arabia in 2013, about one million irregular migrants availed the amnesty to depart while more than 4 million regularised their stay. The scale of regularisation was very large and is likely to have exerted major impact on the structure and functioning of the Saudi labour market. Some reasons for the low compliance with amnesty, especially in Kuwait, are discussed and suggestions are offered for increasing such compliance in future.
Year 2014
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7 Report

Sudanese Emigration to Saudi Arabia

Authors MAHGOUB EL-TIGANI MAHMOUD
Year 1983
Journal Name International Migration
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8 Journal Article

Intercultural communication problems as perceived by Saudi Arabian and American managers

Authors Mara B Adelman, Myron W Lustig
Year 1981
Journal Name International Journal of Intercultural Relations
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9 Journal Article

Evaluations of Return Within A Mass Deportation: Ethiopians' Experiences of Return After Expulsion From Saudi Arabia

Authors Katie Kuschminder, Zoe Ogahara, Iman Rajabzadeh
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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10 Journal Article

Mental Health Status of Expatriate Nurses in Northcentral Saudi Arabia

Authors Mohamed Saddik Zaghloul, Juliann Saquib, Abdulrahman AlMazrou, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
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11 Journal Article

Demography, migration and labour market in Saudi Arabia

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
Saudi Arabia is a prime destination and source of remittances from workers for many countries in Asia and the Arab world. As of mid-2013, expatriates made up 32 percent of the Kingdom's population, most of them coming from South Asia. They accounted for 56.5 percent of the employed population and 89 percent of the private sector workforce. Since September 2011, and in spite of a spurt in foreign labour recruitment starting in the mid-2000s, a voluntary policy called Nitaqat aims at 'Saudising' the Kingdom's workforce. The most recent data also show the scale of the irregular migration phenomenon in Saudi Arabia: the amnesty campaign which started in April 2013 allowed 4.7 million foreign workers to regularise their status, while an ongoing crackdown on illegals forced one million to leave the Kingdom in 2013 alone, of which (as of November 30, 2013) 547,000 were deported.
Year 2014
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12 Report

INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION EFFECTIVENESS AS PERCEIVED BY AMERICAN MANAGERS IN SAUDI-ARABIA AND FRENCH MANAGERS IN THE UNITED-STATES

Authors O DEAN, GE POPP
Year 1990
Journal Name International Journal of Intercultural Relations
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13 Journal Article

INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION EFFECTIVENESS AS PERCEIVED BY AMERICAN MANAGERS IN SAUDI-ARABIA AND FRENCH MANAGERS IN THE UNITED-STATES

Authors O DEAN, GE POPP
Year 1990
Journal Name International Journal of Intercultural Relations
Citations (WoS) 6
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14 Journal Article

Socioeconomic Achievement Among Arab Immigrants in the USA: The Influence of Region of Origin and Gender

Authors Abdi M. Kusow, Kristine J. Ajrouch, Mamadi Corra
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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15 Journal Article

Consuming the transnational family: Indonesian migrant domestic workers to Saudi Arabia

Authors RACHEL SILVEY
Year 2006
Journal Name Global Networks
Citations (WoS) 75
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16 Journal Article

Will Saudi-Egyptian geopolitical partnership push for economic integration? : increasing interdependencies

Authors Amr ADLY
Description
Since the outbreak of the Arab revolutions in 2011, geopolitical developments have reinforced the already deep security and economic interdependencies between Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Will this partnership push for deeper forms of economic integration? This report argues that even though the current geopolitical context has created long-term prospects for a deepened geostrategic partnership, it will unlikely lead to further economic integration between the two nations. Instead, it has intensified earlier forms of rent recycling in the form of workers’ remittances, inter-governmental aid or loans and investments by often politically-connected businessmen.
Year 2019
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17 Report

Sudanese Migration to the New World: Socio‐economic Characteristics

Authors Rogaia M. Abusharaf
Year 1997
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 9
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18 Journal Article

Current progress in the nationalisation programmes in Saudi Arabia

Authors Hend M. ALSHEIKH
Description
For the past 14 years, Saudi Arabia has been struggling to reduce its dependence on foreign labour and increase the participation of Saudi nationals in the private sector. Policies of Saudization adopted in the last twenty years have not achieved what they set out to do, falling far short in combating unemployment, accommodating the increasing numbers of Saudi job seekers, and decreasing dependence on foreign labour. This explanatory note discusses the latest Saudization scheme 'Nitaqat' and evaluates it as a national policy. The note addresses three dimensions: Output of the programme, mainly planned and implemented activities; Outcome or what the policy achieved (intermediate policy results); and finally, the Objective of the programme, i.e., the general impact the policy might have in the long run.
Year 2015
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19 Report

THE ROLES OF TRADITION AND CULTURE IN THE APPLICATION OF REFUGEE AND ASYLUM LAWS IN GERMANY AND SAUDI ARABIA .

Authors Olawale Lawal
Year 2020
Journal Name International Journal of Social Science and Economic Research
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20 Journal Article

Moving countries: Belongings as central for realizing the affective relation between international shifts and localized micro movements

Authors Megan Adams, Marilyn Fleer
Year 2015
Journal Name Learning, Culture and Social Interaction
Citations (WoS) 8
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21 Journal Article

The legal framework of the sponsorship systems of Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait : a comparative examination

Authors Maysa ZAHRA
Description
The sponsorship system of the Arab Gulf countries comprises rules and regulations that tie the residence of a migrant worker to his/her sponsor in the country. This paper offers an in-depth examination of the legal framework of the sponsorship system of three countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) - Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. The paper looks at different aspects of the system starting with the requirement for sponsorship and ending with the rules on absconding and repatriation.
Year 2014
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22 Report

Security in the RedSea: Regional Problems, Power Struggle and Terrorism

Authors N. Nese Kemiksiz
Year 2020
Journal Name GAZI AKADEMIK BAKIS-GAZI ACADEMIC VIEW
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23 Journal Article

The legal framework of the sponsorship systems of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries : a comparative examination

Authors Maysa ZAHRA
Description
The sponsorship system of the Arab Gulf countries comprises rules and regulations that tie the residence of a migrant worker to his/her sponsor in the country. This paper offers an in-depth examination of the legal framework of the sponsorship system of the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) ヨ Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman and the United Arab Emirates. It looks at different aspects of the system starting with the requirement for sponsorship and ending with the rules on absconding and repatriation.
Year 2015
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24 Report

Undocumented migrants in Saudi Arabia: COVID‐19 and amnesty reforms

Authors Fahad Alsharif
Year 2021
Journal Name International Migration
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25 Journal Article

Freelancing in the Kingdom: Filipino Migrant Domestic Workers Crafting Agency in Saudi Arabia

Authors Mark Johnson
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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26 Journal Article

GULF COOPERATION COUNCIL OUTBOUND TOURISM: THE ROLE OF EXPATRIATES

Authors Faruk Balli, Rosmy Jean Louis, Hatice O. Balli, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name TOURISM ANALYSIS
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27 Journal Article

Emigration and the Family Economy: Bangladeshi Labor Migration to Saudi Arabia

Authors Md Mizanur Rahman
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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28 Journal Article

Reintegration package for Ethiopia

Authors Katie KUSCHMINDER, Alexandra RICARD-GUAY
Description
Ethiopia has been facing an increased return of migrants, as a result of mass deportation from countries like Saudi Arabia, The Government of Ethiopia, together with other humanitarian actors successfully managed the return but, due to the absence of a national framework on reintegration, the reintegration component was not addressed. Hence this report presents the recommended approach for developing a reintegration package for return migrants in Ethiopia. This package is expected to serve as a point of reference and practical guide for the Government of Ethiopia, UN agencies, civil society organizations and other stakeholders to develop programs in support of the successful reintegration of returnees, back into their community and labour market.
Year 2018
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29 Report

A new era for labour migration in the GCC?

Authors Philip Martin, Froilan T. Malit
Year 2017
Journal Name Migration Letters
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30 Journal Article

International labor migration and social change in rural Sindh, Pakistan

Authors M Rafique Wassan, Zubair Hussain, Muhbat Ali Shah, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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31 Journal Article

Skilful survivals : irregular migration to the Gulf

Authors Philippe FARGUES, Nasra M. SHAH
Year 2017
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32 Book

The Migration of Egyptian Human Capital to the Arab Oil-Producing States: A Cost-Benefit Analysis

Authors Lawrence H. Hadley
Year 1977
Journal Name International Migration Review
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33 Journal Article

Labor Camp Surveys in GCC Countries: Group Quarter Subsampling

Authors Kien Trung Le, Abdoulaye Diop, Stacy Pancratz
Year 2019
Journal Name FIELD METHODS
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34 Journal Article

Emigration and the Family Economy: Bangladeshi Labor Migration to Saudi Arabia

Authors Md Mizanur Rahman
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Citations (WoS) 1
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35 Journal Article

Applied Public Diplomacy: A Marketing Communications Exchange Program in Saudi Arabia

Authors Craig Hayden
Year 2009
Journal Name American Behavioral Scientist, 2014, Vol. 58, No. 12, pp. 1614-1633
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36 Journal Article

Freelancing in the Kingdom: Filipino Migrant Domestic Workers Crafting Agency in Saudi Arabia

Authors Mark Johnson
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Citations (WoS) 9
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37 Journal Article

ETHICS AND THE GENDER EQUALITY DILEMMA FOR UNITED-STATES MULTINATIONALS

Authors D MAYER, A CAVA
Year 1993
Journal Name JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS
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38 Journal Article

Turning Points in International Labor Migration: A Case Study of Thailand

Authors Pracha Vasuprasat
Year 1994
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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39 Journal Article

Expatriate faculty job satisfaction and performance in public universities of Saudi Arabia

Authors Megbel M. Aleidan, Leonardus W.W. Mihardjo, Suzanie Adina T. Mat Saat, ...
Year 2021
Journal Name European J. of International Management
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40 Journal Article

German development aid and the politics of pre-emption

Authors Joschka Fröschner
Year 2016
Journal Name Race & Class
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41 Journal Article

Gender Dynamics from an Arab Perspective: Intercultural Service Encounters

Authors Marryam Khan, Heejung Ro, Amy M. Gregory, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name CORNELL HOSPITALITY QUARTERLY
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42 Journal Article

The socio-political background and stakes of ‘Saudizing’ the workforce in Saudi Arabia : the Nitaqat policy

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
The paper addresses the historical and institutional background of labour management policies in Saudi Arabia. It envisages it as a long-term, structural impediment to the successful and rapid implementation of Saudization (localisation) of the labour force in the Kingdom. The paper thus emphasises the socio-political stakes and challenges to localisation of the labour force and, more generally, economic and labour reform in the Gulf States. Since the onset of the Arab uprisings, however, unemployment among Saudis, and especially women, has become a burning political issue. Governmental actors had no choice but to attempt to regain control over the economy and the management of the labour market. In September 2011, in spite of a spurt in foreign labour recruitment since the mid-2000s, a voluntary policy called “Nitaqat” aiming to “Saudize” the Kingdom’s workforce was enacted. This paper reviews its characteristics and points to its all-encompassing design as it addresses the socio-political context of Saudization and therefore is more likely to have a lasting effect than previous workforce localisation initiatives.
Year 2015
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44 Report

Adverse Childhood Experiences in Non-Westernized Nations: Implications for Immigrant and Refugee Health

Authors Marvin A. Solberg, Rosalind M. Peters
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
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45 Journal Article

Surveillance, Pastoral Power and Embodied Infrastructures of Care among Migrant Filipinos in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Authors Mark Johnson
Year 2015
Journal Name SURVEILLANCE & SOCIETY
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46 Journal Article

"I Am Very Happy Here" Female Jihad in Syria as Self-Accomplishment

Authors Thomas Pierret, Meriam Cheikh
Year 2015
Journal Name HAWWA
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47 Journal Article

AN AFRICAN CASE-STUDY OF POLITICAL ISLAM - NIGERIA

Authors J HUNWICK
Year 1992
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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48 Journal Article

The advantages and disadvantages of body language in Intercultural communication

Authors Miramar Damanhouri
Year 2018
Journal Name KHAZAR JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
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49 Journal Article

Women’s rights in Islamic Shari’a : between interpretation, culture and politics

Authors Dina MANSOUR
Year 2014
Journal Name [Migration Policy Centre]
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50 Journal Article

Countering terrorist finance: A work, mostly in progress

Authors Jonathan M. Winer
Year 2008
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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51 Journal Article

Challenges and Ways to Develop Insurance Industry in KSA Market

Authors Maher Taib Toukabri, Hafedh Hedi Ibrahim
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL AND MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES-RIMCIS
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52 Journal Article

Demographic risk factors for extra-pulmonary tuberculosis among adolescents and adults in Saudi Arabia

Authors Hawra Al-Ghafli, Bright Varghese, Mushira Enani, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name PLoS ONE
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53 Journal Article

Gated Housing Estates in the Arab World: Case Studies in Lebanon and Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors Georg Glasze, Abdallah Alkhayyal
Year 2002
Journal Name Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design
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54 Journal Article

Central Asian refugees in Saudi Arabia: religious evolution and contributing to the reislamization of their motherland

Authors B. Balci
Year 2007
Journal Name Refugee Survey Quarterly
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55 Journal Article

The demography of the Arab world and the Middle East from the 1950s to the 2000s. A survey of changes and a statistical assessment

Authors D Tabutin, B Schoumaker
Year 2005
Journal Name Population
Citations (WoS) 46
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56 Journal Article

Determining the causal relationships among balanced scorecard perspectives on school safety performance: Case of Saudi Arabia

Authors Turki Alolah, Rodney A. Stewart, Kriengsak Panuwatwanich, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
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57 Journal Article

Self-efficacy Sources among General Education Teachers in Inclusive Schools: A Cross-Cultural Study

Authors Mohammad S. Soliman
Year 2020
Journal Name AMAZONIA INVESTIGA
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59 Journal Article

Expatriate Social Networks in Terrorism-Endangered Countries: An Empirical Analysis in Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia

Authors Benjamin Bader, Tassilo Schuster
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of International Management
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61 Journal Article

Transformation of traditional dwellings and income generation by low-income expatriates: The case of Hofuf, Saudi Arabia

Authors Mashary Al-Naim, Shihabuddin Mahmud
Year 2007
Journal Name Cities
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62 Journal Article

Development of the Cross-Cultural Academic Integrity Questionnaire-Version 3 (CCAIQ-3)

Authors Marcus A. Henning, Mohsen Alyami, Zeyad Melyani, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ACADEMIC ETHICS
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63 Journal Article

From audio tapes to video blogs: the delocalisation of authority in Islam

Authors Nabil Echchaibi
Year 2011
Journal Name Nations and Nationalism
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64 Journal Article

When homeland remains a distant dream: language attitudes and heritage language maintenance among Rohingya refugees in Saudi Arabia

Authors Morad Alsahafi
Year 2020
Journal Name International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
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65 Journal Article

From audio tapes to video blogs: the delocalisation of authority in Islam

Authors Nabil Echchaibi
Year 2011
Journal Name Nations and Nationalism
Citations (WoS) 22
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66 Journal Article

Tuberculosis Trends in Saudis and Non-Saudis in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - A 10 Year Retrospective Study (2000-2009)

Authors Mohammad S. Abouzeid, Justin O'Grady, Badriah Alotaibi, ...
Year 2012
Journal Name PLoS ONE
Citations (WoS) 30
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67 Journal Article

Long-term developments in jihadi militant ideology and its transnational impact

Description
The proposed study investigates long-term ideological developments in Islamist ideology and how this influences the formation of attitudes, opinions and beliefs in the European Muslim diaspora. In particular it focuses on the question how militant ideologies transmit political violence from one social setting into another. Through a longitudinal and quasi-experimental design the project assesses the impact of three emerging political landscapes evoked by the Arab spring on the ideology of al-Qaeda (jihadism): Countries with regime change (Tunisia, Egypt), without regime change (Yemen, Saudi Arabia), and countries in a civil war (Syria). The militant ideology of the jihadi movement explains in its media to its constituency why it is necessary, beneficial and justified to engage in violent activism. The long-term development and the transnational transmission of this rationale is the focal point of the study. It investigates the ideological mechanisms in jihadi transnational media through which local and regional events in the Middle East translate into a global military doctrine. While this doctrine sets jihadism apart from political Islam (e.g. Muslim Brotherhood) it is decisive to understand whether both movements will converge or drift apart in their ideologies as they react and reposition themselves in the context of the three different political conditions evoked by the Arab revolutions. The study then moves on to investigate how emerging claims, positions, and sentiments expressed in the jihadi media resonate within Muslim communities in Germany and the UK. To this end it develops and pre-tests a survey instrument that rates the extent of rejection/endorsement of different aspects in Islamist thinking, including the legitimacy of political violence.
Year 2015
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68 Project

Organization of Hajj of USSR Muslims in the First Half of 1960s

Authors Vyacheslav A. Akhmadullin
Year 2019
Journal Name NAUCHNYI DIALOG
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69 Journal Article

The bargaining power of sending countries in influencing the rights of their low skilled migrant workers

Description
This project asks how governments of migrant sending countries can influence the rights of their low skilled migrant workers in receiving countries. The project approaches this question from both the sending and the receiving country side; looking at factors that determine when and how sending states intervene and what determines the responses from receiving countries. The surplus of aspiring migrants and economic importance of remittances would suggest sending states have little bargaining power. Single case studies however suggest that some nevertheless intervene. A comprehensive overview of the drivers of immigration and emigration policy will result in a set of hypotheses. A survey of policy makers in sending countries will generate an overview of interventions by sending country governments. The project’s core is a systematic comparative case study of six sending countries with partly overlapping receiving countries and three of these receiving countries. The sending country cases are three sets of two countries in which migrant remittances constitute a similar share of GDP but involvement with the rights of their workers abroad differ; the Philippines, Senegal, India, Ecuador, Morocco and Vietnam. The receiving countries are South Korea, Saudi Arabia and Italy. These countries vary strongly in the rights for migrant workers and the level of cooperation with sending states. QCA and process tracing will be used to assess the hypotheses. The project is innovative in 1) providing a systematic analysis of a larger number of cases including countries rarely covered in comparative studies on migrant rights, 2) examining of the actions of both sending and receiving countries, and 3) taking the trade-off between migrant numbers and rights into account. The project will push theory development forward by connecting theoretical fields and expanding geographic scope. It is policy-relevant by providing further insight into how the rights of migrant workers can be improved.
Year 2018
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71 Project

SOVIET UNION'S INVASION OF AFGHANISTAN AND TURKS

Authors Kubilayhan Erman
Year 2018
Journal Name TURKIYAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF STUDIES IN TURKOLOGY
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72 Journal Article

The use of social media among Indonesia's Migrant Workers (IMWs)

Authors Citra Hennida, Kandi Aryani, Sri Endah Kinasih
Year 2021
Journal Name MASYARAKAT KEBUDAYAAN DAN POLITIK
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74 Journal Article

Health and well-being of Nepalese migrant workers abroad

Authors Pratik Adhikary, Steven Keen, Zoë A. Sheppard, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care
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75 Journal Article

La migration marocaine dans les pays du Golfe

Authors Mohamed KHACHANI
Description
La migration économique vers l’Arabie Saoudite et les Emirats Arabes Unis a pris de l’importance principalement à partir du « boom pétrolier » de 1973. Cette migration intéresse pratiquement toutes les régions du Maroc ; elle est favorisée par les mesures restrictives prises par l’Europe et les similitudes culturelles avec ces pays. Les secteurs d’emploi des migrants dans ces pays couvrent une gamme très variée de branches dans le secteur des services, avec une prédominance de l’emploi féminin en particulier aux EAU, mais aussi dans les petits métiers tels l’artisanat, la mécanique, l’électricité et l’électronique, etc. Globalement, l’approche politique à cette question est menée sous le signe du paradoxe : « le besoin en main-d’œuvre et le non désir des étrangers» Cette peur d’être absorbés par les étrangers s’explique par le fait que les pays du Golfe enregistrent les taux de migration les plus élevés au monde. Si avec l’Arabie Saoudite, le Maroc n’a pas signé de convention de main-d’œuvre, il est lié par un accord avec les EAU et le Qatar signés en 1981 (et avec la Libye signé en 1983). Cette migration dans les pays du Golfe rapporte au Maroc une manne financière substantielle, il enregistre dans la région un fort taux des transferts. Abstract Since the 1973 oil crisis, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates have evolved into important receiver countries of labour migration flows. One of the main sender countries has been Morocco, due both to the limitations put in place by the traditional receiving countries in Europe and the similarity of cultural habits. As to their economic profile, Moroccans emigrants have been employed in a huge variety of sectors, e.g. services, handcrafts, electricity, electronic, and so on. On the whole, the political approach towards immigration issues in the Gulf countries can be summarized by the paradox “wanting labour but not foreigners”. This concern about migrants is partially explained by the fact that the Gulf countries register, today, the world’s highest net migration rates. From a legal perspective, Morocco signed bilateral labour migration agreements with United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Libya. Finally, in terms of migrants’ remittances, immigration in the Gulf countries represents a very important resource for the Moroccan economy.
Year 2009
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76 Report

Genome at Juncture of Early Human Migration: A Systematic Analysis of Two Whole Genomes and Thirteen Exomes from Kuwaiti Population Subgroup of Inferred Saudi Arabian Tribe Ancestry

Authors Osama Alsmadi, Gaurav Thareja, Kazem Behbehani, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name PLoS ONE
Citations (WoS) 17
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77 Journal Article

Dynamique des migrations de retour au Niger de 1988 à 2001

Authors Hamidou ISSAKA MAGA
Description
La présente étude vise essentiellement, sur la seule base des données des recensements de la population et de l’habitat (RGPH) recueillis en 1988 et en 2001, à approfondir les connaissances sur les caractéristiques des migrants internationaux nigériens de retour. Aux termes des multiples analyses produites, l’étude relève que la proportion de migrants retournés au Niger n’a pratiquement pas changé entre les deux dates et qu’elle compte toujours parmi ses rangs une majorité d’hommes. De même, la plupart des migrants reviennent toujours de l’Afrique de l’Ouest vers laquelle les départs sont également les plus nombreux. Cependant, l’étude a noté des changements importants. En premier lieu, le schéma géographique de la migration de retour a quelque peu changé. En effet, les retours d’Afrique du Nord (notamment de la Libye) et de l’Asie (en l’occurrence de l’Arabie Saoudite) ont pris un peu plus d’importance entre 1988 et 2001. En second lieu, les migrants se sont davantage urbanisés (ou encore on retrouve un peu plus d’urbains), même s’ils retournent vivre en majorité en milieu rural. En troisième lieu, leur niveau d’instruction a sensiblement augmenté entre les deux dates de recensement - même si la majorité d’entre eux ne dispose d’aucune instruction moderne et travaille dans le secteur primaire traditionnel (agriculture et élevage). Abstract This paper analyzes international return migration patterns in Niger as well as the profiles of return migrants. To this end, the two national censuses of 1988 and 2001 are employed and results are compared so as to examine the evolution of the phenomenon. Some characteristics are found to have remainremained unchanged between the two dates, e.g. the proportion of return migrants in the population as a whole, migrant profile by sex and last country of residence abroad – for the vast majority are men who resided in other Western African countries. However, some features have varied. So some countries of last residence acquired importance among return migrants in this period including Libya and Saudi Arabia. Then even if the majority of return migrants lived in a rural milieu in 2001 the proportion of those who returned to an urban setting increased slightly. Finally, recent return migrants show a higher level of education despite the fact that most are still illiterate.
Year 2011
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78 Report

Everyday Piety: Islam and Economy in Jordan. Sarah A. Tobin. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2016. 248 pp.

Authors MAHIR SAUL
Year 2018
Journal Name American Ethnologist
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80 Journal Article

Emigration Rates From Sample Surveys: An Application to Senegal

Authors Frans Willekens, Sabine Zinn, Matthias Leuchter
Year 2017
Journal Name Demography
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81 Journal Article

The Gulf Monarchies beyond the Arab spring : changes and challenges

Authors Luigi NARBONE, Martin LESTRA
Year 2015
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84 Book

Labour immigration and labour markets in the GCC countries: national patterns and trends

Description
Using the latest statistical data from six GCC states and recent publications of the GCC Secretariat, a detailed profile is presented of immigration and employment across the region. Evaluation is made of the available data sources (listed in the appendix) and the actual extent of immigrant presence in both population and labour market is critically examined. Employment according to public/private sector, and also for fifteen economic sectors, is shown for each country (where available) by citizenship type and gender. Previously unpublished indicators, such as unemployment and participation rates, are calculated where possible by citizenship type, gender and age groups; a few countries provide data on actual nationalities or regional groupings of foreign employees, and these are reproduced here. Previously neglected issues that receive some attention are foreign births, family presence, foreign schoolchildren and duration of residence (the latter available only for the UAE). The emergence of the kafala system is examined in historical context; in particular, emphasis is placed on its role in promoting irregularities in the migration, residence and employment of foreigners across the GCC. Trends in government policies are described, including the recent and significant doubts in some countries about the ability of the kafala system to produce satisfactory outcomes. Some attention is paid to the important policies of nationalization’ of GCC labour markets: a conceptual categorization of such policies is made, according to five different policy objectives. Using both the broad and more detailed sectoral employment data previously presented, evaluation is then made of the degree of success of each country’s initiatives in this area. The paper concludes with an exposition of the commonalities and differences across the GCC in managing their labour markets and immigration. The structural specificities of each country are outlined, along with tentative prognoses of their future needs for immigrant workers.
Year 2011
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
86 Report
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