Politiques de retour

Results displayed in this section refer to research on policies, laws, legislation, regulation or measures concerning return migration. Return migration means the process of going back to the country of departure, or homeland; it can be voluntary or forced. When it is not voluntary, it involves deportation and repatriation. When the return is voluntary, it can either be assisted or independent. Assisted voluntary return refers to  programs that provide assistance and support to rejected asylum seekers, victims of trafficking in human beings, stranded migrants, qualified nationals or other migrants unable or unwilling to remain in the host country, and can include reintegration support (AVRR).

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AVRR: Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration

Description
The provision of reintegration assistance to migrants in their countries of origin is an essential element to ensure sustainability of returns. IOM and partners in countries of origin provide migrants with socio-economic support to promote their self-sufficiency and contributions to their local communities. The sustainability of returns may, however, ultimately only be ensured in tandem with socio-economic development. IOM strives to support sustainable reintegration of migrants returning to a variety of contexts, recognizing, that the factors affecting the reintegration process and subsequently its sustainability are not dissimilar from those that resulted in the decision to migrate in the first place. IOM therefore asserts that reintegration can be considered sustainable when returnees have reached levels of economic self-sufficiency, social stability within their communities, and psychosocial well-being that allow them to cope with (re)migration drivers. Having achieved sustainable reintegration, returnees are able to make further migration decisions a matter of choice, rather than necessity. To achieve this objective, it is necessary to approach migrant reintegration in a comprehensive manner, considering the factors that can affect reintegration and addressing them in a way to respond to the needs of the individual returnees as well as the communities to which they return in a mutually beneficial way, and address the structural factors at play. Assistance to migrants, communities of return, and structural environments in countries of origin is therefore an essential element to ensuring sustainability of reintegration.
Year 1979
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1 Project

Assisted voluntary return and reintegration

Description
IOM offers AVRR services to migrants who are unwilling or unable to remain in Egypt and wish to return to their country of origin. The AVRR programme in Egypt started in 2011 and since then stranded and vulnerable migrants mainly from Africa and Asia were assisted. Each of these migrants have a distinct migratory story of how they got to Egypt and why they wanted to return. Some of these migrants survived exceptional circumstance, such as trafficking, abuse, as well as other numerous forms of exploitation. Returning migrants receive reintegration grants in their country of origin and the vast majority use in starting-up their own business, specifically in the agriculture sector.
Year 2011
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2 Data Set

Returning Rejected Asylum Seekers: Challenges and good practices – Luxembourg

Authors Linda Dionisio, Noemi Marcus, Adolfo Sommarribas, ...
Description
The issue of non-return of rejected international protection applicants does not enjoy a high political profile on its own, but has been discussed as part of a global debate on asylum. Significant efforts are required when considering the wide spectrum of possible reasons of non-return, some reasons depending on the countries of destination, others on the returnee himself/herself. In this respect, reasons of non return range from the non-respect of deadlines, the issuance of travel documents, postponement of removal for external reasons to the returnee, for medical reasons, the resistance of the third-country national and the lack of diplomatic representation of Luxembourg, to name but a few. In regards to the procedure, in Luxembourg the rejection of the international protection application includes the return decision. The Minister in charge of Immigration, through the Directorate of Immigration, issues this decision. The return decision only becomes enforceable when all appeals are exhausted and the final negative decision of rejection of the competent judicial authority enters into force, as appeals have suspensive effects. This decision also sets out the timeframe during which the rejected international protection applicant has to leave the country. In case the applicant does not opt for a voluntary return, the decision will also include the country to which s/he will be sent. In general, the decision provides for a period of 30 days during which the applicant has the option to leave voluntarily and to benefit from financial support in case of assisted voluntary return through the International Organization for Migration (IOM). There are two exceptions to this rule: the applicant who is considered a threat to national security, public safety or homeland security and the applicant who has already been issued a return decision before. The declaration and documentation provided during the procedure of international protection can be used to facilitate return. Subsequent applications are possible, in particular if new evidence of facts appears resulting in an increased likelihood of the applicant to qualify for international protection. For rejected international protection applicants who did not opt for voluntary return and did not receive any postponement of removals, a certain (limited) support is available while waiting for the execution of the enforceable return decision. As such, they continue to stay in reception facilities and to receive certain social benefits unless they transgress any internal rules. If an urgent need exists, rejected applicants may be granted a humanitarian social aid. However, they are not entitled to access the labour market or to receive ‘pocket money’ or the free use of transport facilities. They benefit from an access to education and training, however this access cannot constitute a possible reason for non-return. These benefits are available to rejected applicants until the moment of their removal. In order to enforce the return decision and prevent absconding, the Minister may place the rejected international applicant in the detention centre, especially if s/he is deemed to be obstructing their own return. Other possible measures include house arrest, regular reporting surrendering her/his passport or depositing a financial guarantee of 5000€. Most of these alternatives to detention were introduced with the Law of 18 December 2015 which entered into force on 1st January 2016. As a consequence, detention remains the main measure used to enforce return decisions. A number of challenges to return and measures to curb them are detailed in this study. A part of these measures have been set up to minimize the resistance to return from the returnee. First and foremost is the advocacy of the AVRR programme and the dissemination of information relating to this programme but also the establishment of a specific return programme to West Balkan countries not subject to visa requirements. Other measures aim at facilitating the execution of forced returns, such as police escorts or the placement in the detention centre. Finally, significant efforts are directed towards increasing bilateral cooperation and a constant commitment to the conclusion of readmission agreements. No special measures were introduced after 2014 in response to the exceptional flows of international protection applicants arriving in the EU. While the Return service within the Directorate of Immigration has continued to expand its participation to European Networks and in various transnational projects in matters of return, this participation was already set into motion prior to the exceptional flows of 2014. As for effective measures curbing challenges to return, this study brings to light the AVRR programme but especially the separate return programme for returnees from West Balkan countries exempt of visa requirements. The dissemination of information on voluntary return is also considered an effective policy measure, the information being made available from the very start of the international protection application. Among the cases where return is not immediately possible, a considerable distinction has to be made in regards to the reasons for the non-return. Indeed, in cases where the delay is due to the medical condition of the returnee or to material and technical reasons that are external to the returnee, a postponement of removal will be granted. This postponement allows for the rejected applicant to remain on the territory on a temporary basis, without being authorized to reside and may be accompanied by a measure of house arrest or other. In cases of postponement for medical reasons and of subsequent renewals bringing the total length of postponement over two years, the rejected applicant may apply for a residence permit for private reasons based on humanitarian grounds of exceptional seriousness. Nevertheless, apart from this exception, no official status is granted to individuals who cannot immediately be returned. Several measures of support are available to beneficiaries of postponement to removal: they have access to accommodation in the reception centres they were housed in during their procedure, they may be attributed humanitarian aid, they continue to be affiliated at the National Health Fund, they continue to have access to education and professional training and they are allowed to work through a temporary work authorization. The temporary work authorization is only valid for a single profession and a single employer for the duration of the postponement to removal, although this is an extremely rare occurrence in practice. OLAI may allocate a humanitarian aid might be allocated if the individual was already assisted by OLAI during the procedure of her/his international protection application. All of these measures apply until the moment of return. The study also puts forth a number of best practices such as the Croix-Rouge’s involvement in police trainings, their offer of punctual support to vulnerable people through international networking or the socio-psychological support given to vulnerable people placed in the detention centre among others. A special regard has to be given to AVRR programmes and their pre-departure information and counselling, the dissemination of information and the post-arrival support and reintegration assistance. Indeed, stakeholders singled the AVRR programme out as a best practice and the Luxembourgish government has made voluntary return a policy priority for a long time. However, this increased interest in voluntary returns has to be put into perspective as research shows that sustainable success of voluntary return and reintegration measures is only achieved for a very restricted number of beneficiaries (namely for young, autonomous and dynamic returnees with sizeable social networks and who were granted substantial social capital upon return). Hence, returning women remains a sensitive issue, especially if they were fleeing abusive relationships. Another factor contributing to hardship set forth by research is the difficult reintegration of returnees that have lived outside of their country of return for a prolonged period of time and are therefore unable to rely on social networks for support or for a sense of belonging. Based on these considerations, NGOs and academia cast doubts on the ‘voluntary’ nature of these return programmes, their criticism targeting the misleading labelling of these policy measures.
Year 2016
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3 Report

How voluntary are voluntary returns?

Authors Frances Webber
Year 2011
Journal Name RACE & CLASS
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4 Journal Article

How voluntary are voluntary returns?

Authors Frances Webber
Year 2011
Journal Name RACE & CLASS
Citations (WoS) 31
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5 Journal Article

A longitudinal analysis of resource mobilisation among forced and voluntary return migrants in Mexico

Authors Jacqueline Hagan, Joshua Wassink, Brianna Castro
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
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6 Journal Article

Return Migration in Western Europe

Authors HAN ENTZINGER
Year 1985
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 23
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7 Journal Article

Back to Pakistan: The political economy of emotions in remigration

Principal investigator Martin Sökefeld (Principal Investigator)
Description
The proposed project intends to research deportation and "voluntary" return migration from Germany to Pakistan. The project focusses on the "political economy of emotions" in return migration, understood as the production, exchange and circulation of emotions in the entangled relations, experiences, obligations and expectations between (return) migrants, their kin, local and transnational contexts, as well as governmental and non-governmental institutions. While in recent years Germany became a significant destination for Pakistani migrants, deportations and assisted "voluntary" return have become more and more important in consequence of increasingly rigid politics of asylum. This project is based on the assumption that migration is never a purely "rational" phenomenon, solely based on “interests”, but that migration is strongly liked with emotions. This applies especially for return migration. The project thus intends to complement the growing body of anthropological research on deportation that to date focusses largely on Africa and Latin America.Research starts with investigating the complex and often confusing situation in Germany regarding deportation and assisted "voluntary" return. Subsequently we will focus on emotions linked with the motivations, expectations and experiences of return, working with both Pakistani migrants in Germany who face their return and with returnees back in Pakistan. The project will research the societal consequences and effects of deportation and/or "voluntary" return in Pakistan by analyzing the social environment of the returnees (i.e. their family, kin networks, peer groups, the village or urban neighborhood, and social networks), its economic and (local) political structures, as well as the emotions produced and circulated in this context as they are linked with reciprocal obligations and expectations.In addition to the ethnography of return to Pakistan, this project intends to develop a theoretical and methodological contribution on the role of emotions in the context of return migration and deportation and thus to offer contribution to the "anthropology of removal" (N. Peutz).
Year 2018
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8 Project

Interrogating the Relationship between Remigration and Sustainable Return

Authors Katie Kuschminder
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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9 Journal Article

The boundaries of transnationalism: the case of assisted voluntary return migrants

Authors Ine Lietaert, Ilse Derluyn, Eric Broekaert
Year 2017
Journal Name GLOBAL NETWORKS-A JOURNAL OF TRANSNATIONAL AFFAIRS
Citations (WoS) 2
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10 Journal Article

Back Pay for Trafficked Migrant Workers: An Indonesian Case Study

Authors Wayne Palmer
Year 2018
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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11 Journal Article

Back Pay for Trafficked Migrant Workers: An Indonesian Case Study

Authors Wayne Palmer
Year 2018
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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12 Journal Article

Introduction: Background of Protracted Conflict and Displacement in Myanmar

Authors Aungkana Kamonpetch, Supang Chantavanich
Book Title Refugee and Return
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13 Book Chapter

From Social Instrument to Migration Management Tool: Assisted Voluntary Return Programmes - The Case of Belgium

Authors Ine Lietaert, Ilse Derluyn, Eric Broekaert
Year 2017
Journal Name SOCIAL POLICY & ADMINISTRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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14 Journal Article

Who Ought to Stay? Asylum Policy and Protest Culture in Switzerland

Authors Dina Bader
Book Title Protest Movements in Asylum and Deportation
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15 Book Chapter

What drives 'soft deportation'? Understanding the rise in Assisted Voluntary Return among rejected asylum seekers in the Netherlands

Authors Arjen Leerkes, Rianne van Os, Eline Boersema
Year 2017
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
Citations (WoS) 1
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16 Journal Article

Illegal immigration, deportation policy, and the optimal timing of return

Authors Alexandra Vinogradova
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 2
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17 Journal Article

Reintegration Strategies of Female Return Migrants to Ethiopia

Authors Katie Kuschminder
Book Title Reintegration Strategies
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18 Book Chapter

Who reintegrates? The constituents of reintegration of displaced populations

Authors Sonja Fransen, Oezge Bilgili
Year 2018
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
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19 Journal Article

Reintegration upon return: insights from Ecuadorian returnees from Spain

Authors Marion Mercier, Anda David, Ramon Mahia, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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20 Journal Article

Reintegration Strategies

Authors Katie Kuschminder
Book Title Reintegration Strategies
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21 Book Chapter

Reintegration Dimensions of the Analytical Groups

Authors Katie Kuschminder
Book Title Reintegration Strategies
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22 Book Chapter

The role of corruption in reintegration: experiences of Iraqi Kurds upon return from Europe

Authors Erlend Paasche
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 6
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23 Journal Article

Economic Reintegration of Ethiopian Women Returned from the Middle East

Authors Beza L. Nisrane, Ariana Need, Rene Torenvlied, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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24 Journal Article

Reintegration upon return: insights from Ecuadorian returnees from Spain

Authors Marion Mercier, Anda David, Ramon Mahia, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 2
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25 Journal Article

Overview of Female Return Migration to Ethiopia: Professionals, Students, and Domestics

Authors Katie Kuschminder
Book Title Reintegration Strategies
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27 Book Chapter

Return, readmission and reintegration in the Eastern Partnership countries: An overview

Authors Zuzanna Brunarska, Sergo Mananashvili, Agnieszka Weinar
Year 2013
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28 Report

Economic Reintegration of Ethiopian Women Returned from the Middle East

Authors Beza L. Nisrane, Ariana Need, Rene Torenvlied, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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29 Journal Article

Return Schemes from European Countries: Assessing the Challenges

Authors Giulia Scalettaris, Flore Gubert
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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30 Journal Article

Cross-Regional Information System (CRIS)

Description
The Cross-Regional Information System on the Reintegration of Migrants in their Countries of Origin (CRIS) is aimed at addressing the social economic legal and institutional factors and conditions shaping returnees’ patterns of reintegration in their countries of origin. In other words, it sets out to explain why some return migrants contribute to development back home, whereas others do not. Based on a network of partner institutions located in countries of return, field surveys are being prepared to collect a substantial number of interviews with return migrants. The core rationale for CRIS is its cross-regional comparative scope as well as the identification of reintegration indicators, beyond the specificities of each regional context. The project collect both quantitative and qualitative data in certain countries or regions.
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31 Data Set

Return Migration and the Problem of Reintegration

Authors Oladele O. Arowolo
Year 2000
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 30
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32 Journal Article

Performing freedom in the Dutch deportation regime: bureaucratic persuasion and the enforcement of ‘voluntary return’

Authors Laura Cleton, Sébastien Chauvin
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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34 Journal Article

Structural and Cultural Environment of Female Return Migration to Ethiopia

Authors Katie Kuschminder
Book Title Reintegration Strategies
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36 Book Chapter

Return migration as a 'family project': exploring the relationship between family life and the readjustment experiences of highly skilled Austrians

Authors Stefanie Konzett-Smoliner
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 3
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37 Journal Article

How Do Tougher Immigration Measures Affect Unauthorized Immigrants?

Authors C Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes, Thitima Puttitanun, ...
Year 2013
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 45
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38 Journal Article

MIgration de REtour au Maghreb (MIREM)

Description
MIREM stands for MIgration de REtour au Maghreb. This collective research programme was launched in December 2005 and ended in December 2008. Today, MIREM and its deliverables (publications, statistics and field surveys on return migrants, conferences and seminars) are part of the RDP. Focusing on returnees’ aspirations, the core deliverable of the MIREM project is a comprehensive comparative database based on 992 interviews made with return migrants to Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. As the collected data were gradually processed and analysed, it became clear that the distinction between migrants who decided on their own initiative to return to their country of origin and those who were compelled to do so constituted one key variable explaining returnees’ prospects of socio-professional reintegration back home. The main objective of the MIREM project lies in taking into better consideration the challenges linked to return migration as well as its impact on development. A whole set of analytical tools have been produced to shed light on the sociodemographic characteristics, conditions and patterns of reintegration of return migrants to the Maghreb countries (Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia). The project collected both quantitative and qualitative data in selected countries or regions.
Year 2006
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39 Data Set

Fedasil REVIEW 2016 Reception of asylum seekers and voluntary return

Authors Fedasil
Year 2017
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40 Report

Fedasil REVIEW 2016 Reception of asylum seekers and voluntary return

Authors Fedasil
Year 2017
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41 Report

Involuntary Return Migration and Reintegration. The Case of Ghanaian Migrant Workers from Libya

Authors Esi Akyere Mensah
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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42 Journal Article

Involuntary Return Migration and Reintegration. The Case of Ghanaian Migrant Workers from Libya

Authors Esi Akyere Mensah
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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43 Journal Article

Assisted Voluntary Return of Irregular Migrants: Policy and Practice in the Slovak Republic

Authors Kateřina Stančová
Year 2010
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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44 Journal Article

Migrants and Asylum Seekers: Policy Responses in the United States to Immigrants and Refugees from Central America and the Caribbean

Authors Michael J. McBride
Year 1999
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 21
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45 Journal Article

Ukrainian Migration to Greece: from Irregular Work to Settlement, Family Reunification and Return

Authors Marina Nikolova, Michaela Maroufof
Year 2016
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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46 Book Chapter

Reintegration Strategies: Conceptualizing How Return Migrants Reintegrate

Authors Karen Anne S. Liao
Year 2019
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
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47 Journal Article

Return Migration to Italy and the Reintegration of Returnees

Year 1983
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
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48 Journal Article

When the displaced return challenges to reintegration in Angola

Authors Alexandra Kaun, UNHCR. Policy Development and Evaluation Service
Year 2008
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49 Report

Return and Reintegration of Human Trafficking Victims from Australia

Authors A. Schloenhardt, M. Loong
Year 2011
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REFUGEE LAW
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50 Journal Article

Managing Migrant Return through 'Voluntariness'

Description
The fundamental weakness of nation state and EU efforts to effectively manage migration to Europe lies in ensuring the return of foreigners who pass or avoid border controls but are then neither granted asylum nor a residence permit. Many Member States thereby increasingly rely on public policies for the so-called ‘voluntary return’ of irregular migrants and (refused) asylum seekers. Very little is known about how these approaches work in practice and whether they meet stated policy goals and discharge state obligations regarding migrants’ human rights. The project REvolTURN addresses this research gap through a close and comparative analysis of ‘voluntary return’ policies in Austria and the UK, including their adoption, implementation and immediate outcome. It examines 1) how voluntariness of return is constructed and framed in law, policy and public discourse, 2) which notions of voluntariness are crucial for policy implementation, and 3) what impact this has on migrants’ own decision-making about their return. My innovative and interdisciplinary mixed-method approach combines comparative policy and discourse analysis, detailed institutional ethnography through observation and in-depth interviews and a survey among potential returnees. REvolTURN addresses a key priority of the Horizon 2020 work programme for 2016-17: to better manage migration, and will also contribute to recent scholarship regarding the in/effectiveness of migration policies and the agency of migrants holding no or highly precarious statuses. The project has three main objectives: 1) to better understand the role and functioning of voluntariness in the context of state-managed migratory return; 2) to develop a framework for assessing and comparing these roles and functions, including their effectiveness; and 3) to thereby contribute to evidence-based and workable policy solutions that increase the number of genuinely voluntary returns without undermining the very logic underlying this approach.
Year 2018
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51 Project

Sustainable Return in Post-conflict Contexts . retours durables au lendemain d'un conflit. retorno sostenible en contextos posconflictos

Authors Richard Black, Saskia Gent
Year 2006
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 55
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52 Journal Article

Report of the Secretary-General on the issue of refugees and internally displaced persons pursuant to resolution 1346 (2001)

Authors UN. Secretary-General
Description
Discusses the issue of refugees, internally displaced persons and other war-affected victims in Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Presents views under the following: asylum in Guinea; repatriation and voluntary return; assistance to returnees and internally displaced persons in Sierra Leone; and Kambia. Includes observations and table showing refugees and internally displaced persons as at 11 May 2001.
Year 2001
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53 Report

The Turks of Bulgaria: An Outlier Case of Forced Migration and Voluntary Return

Authors Muzaffer Kutlay
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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54 Journal Article

The Quagmire of Return and Reintegration: Challenges to Multi-Stakeholder Co-ordination of Involuntary Returns

Authors Leander Kandilige, Geraldine Adiku
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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55 Journal Article

Clustering Reasons for Returning: an Overview of Return Migration in Albania

Authors Thais Garcia-Pereiro, Thaís García-Pereiro
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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56 Journal Article

Linking return visits and return migration among Commonwealth Eastern Caribbean migrants in Toronto

Authors David Timothy Duval
Year 2004
Journal Name GLOBAL NETWORKS-A JOURNAL OF TRANSNATIONAL AFFAIRS
Citations (WoS) 72
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57 Journal Article

Home is Where the Heart Is? Forced Migration and Voluntary Return in Turkey's Kurdish Regions

Authors Djordje Stefanovic, Neophytos Loizides, Samantha Parsons
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 10
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58 Journal Article

Home is Where the Heart Is? Forced Migration and Voluntary Return in Turkey's Kurdish Regions

Authors Djordje Stefanovic, Neophytos Loizides, Samantha Parsons
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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59 Journal Article

Sustainable Return: A Case Study of Refugee Return to Lao PDR in the 1980s–1990s

Authors Vongsa Chayavong, Min Ma
Book Title Refugee and Return
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60 Book Chapter

Back in Time? A Temporal Autobiographical Approach to Afghan Return Migration

Authors Marieke van Houte
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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61 Journal Article

The Turks of Bulgaria: An Outlier Case of Forced Migration and Voluntary Return

Authors Muzaffer Kutlay
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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62 Journal Article

CARE : Coordinated approach for the reintegration of victims of trafficking

Description
To offer personalized and flexible assistance for the return of the victims of trafficking in human beings from Austria, France, Greece, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and UK, so they can become active members of their societies again.
Year 2013
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63 Project

Displaced at "home": 1.5-Generation immigrants navigating membership after returning to Mexico

Authors Alexis Silver
Year 2018
Journal Name ETHNICITIES
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64 Journal Article

Postcolonial migrations and diasporic linkages between Latin America and Japan and Spain

Authors Rosalia Avila-Tapies, Josefina Dominguez-Mujica
Year 2015
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
Citations (WoS) 3
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65 Journal Article

Postcolonial migrations and diasporic linkages between Latin America and Japan and Spain

Authors Rosalia Avila-Tapies, Josefina Dominguez-Mujica
Year 2015
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
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66 Journal Article

Leaving Care: Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Young Afghans Facing Return

Authors Kim Robinson, Lucy Williams
Year 2015
Journal Name REFUGE
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67 Journal Article

Refugee return migration: Return migration from Sweden to Chile, Iran and Poland 1973-1996

Authors Martin Klinthall
Year 2007
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 11
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68 Journal Article

Assessing the Effectiveness of Pay-to-Go Policies: Evidence from Spain's Voluntary Return Program(1)

Authors C Amuedo-Dorantes, S Pozo
Year 2018
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
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69 Journal Article

Refugee return migration: Return migration from Sweden to Chile, Iran and Poland 1973-1996

Authors Martin Klinthall
Year 2007
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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70 Journal Article

The Return of Banishment: Do the New Denationalisation Policies Weaken Citizenship?

Authors Audrey Macklin
Book Title Debating Transformations of National Citizenship
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71 Book Chapter

COMMENTS ON PRINCIPLES RELATING TO RETURN, RESETTLEMENT, AND REINTEGRATION (PRINCIPLES 28-30)

Authors L. Ky
Year 2000
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
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72 Journal Article

Between humanitarian assistance and migration management: on civil actors' role in voluntary return from Belgium

Authors Robin Vandevoordt
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
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73 Journal Article

Contesting transnationalism? Lessons from the study of Albanian migration networks from former Yugoslavia

Authors JANINE DAHINDEN
Year 2005
Journal Name GLOBAL NETWORKS-A JOURNAL OF TRANSNATIONAL AFFAIRS
Citations (WoS) 40
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74 Journal Article

Return to Sender: Remittances, Communication and Family Conflict

Authors Alistair Hunter
Book Title Retirement Home? Ageing Migrant Workers in France and the Question of Return
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75 Book Chapter

Evolution of the Mexico-US Migration System: Insights from the Mexican Migration Project

Authors Jorge Durand, DS MASSEY
Year 2019
Journal Name ANNALS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
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76 Journal Article

Segmented Re/integration: Divergent Post-Deportation Trajectories in El Salvador

Authors Katie Dingeman-Cerda
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIAL PROBLEMS
Citations (WoS) 2
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77 Journal Article

Refugee and Return

Authors Aungkana Kamonpetch, Supang Chantavanich
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78 Book

The Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework: A Commentary

Authors Randall Hansen
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 1
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79 Journal Article

Migrations between Africa and Europe

Principal investigator Cris Beauchemin (Principal Investigator)
Description
The MAFE project purpose is to provide significant and extensive original quantitative data on the characteristics and behaviours of Sub-Saharan African migrants. It is divided into 4 connected themes. Theme 1: appreciate the current migration tendencies between Africa and Europe. Theme 2: Explain the departure and the return dynamics. Theme 3: Integration and reintegration of migrants. Theme 4: International migrations and family transformations. Those dynamics must be appropriately understood, in order to conceive better migration policies. The MAFE project studies the migratory flows between Europe and Senegal, DRC and Ghana, which represent more than a quarter of African migrations to Europe.
Year 2006
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
80 Project

The Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework: A Commentary

Authors Randall Hansen
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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81 Journal Article

Migrant and asylum-seeker children returned to Kosovo and Albania: predictive factors for social-emotional wellbeing after return

Authors Danielle Zevulun, Margrite E. Kalverboer, A. Elianne Zijlstra, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 1
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82 Journal Article

MAGNET II: MAGNET II project assesses Impact on Sustainable Return and Reintegration of Iraqis to Kurdistan

Description
MAGNET II is a job placement project for Returnees. Building upon MAGNET pilot phase (January 2012 – June 2013) aiming at providing job placement assistance and support to Iraqi voluntary returnees, the MAGNET II project is now set for 24 months (April 2014 – March 2016). MAGNET II project aims to further support Iraqi nationals returning to the Kurdistan Region of Iraq from the participating EU Member States (Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom) in their socio-economic reintegration process.
Year 2014
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83 Project

Uninsured migrants: Health insurance coverage and access to care among Mexican return migrants

Authors Joshua Wassink
Year 2018
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH
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84 Journal Article

THE IMPACT OF HOUSEHOLD GOODS ON ECUADORIAN MIGRANTS

Authors Roberto Acosta Povea, Angel Orlando Bravo Bravo, Vladimir Alexander Guerrero Cortez
Year 2018
Journal Name REVISTA UNIVERSIDAD Y SOCIEDAD
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85 Journal Article

Releasing the Development Potential of Return Migration: The Case of Senegal

Authors Marie Angelique Diatta, Ndiaga Mbow
Year 1999
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 35
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86 Journal Article

Back to the land the long-term challenges of refugee return and reintegration in Burundi

Authors Sonja Fransen, Katie Kuschminder, UNHCR. Policy Development and Evaluation Service
Year 2012
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89 Report

NEW MIGRATION POLICIES IN EUROPE - THE RETURN OF LABOR MIGRANTS, REMIGRATION PROMOTION AND REINTEGRATION POLICIES

Authors H KORNER, U MEHRLANDER
Year 1986
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 2
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91 Journal Article

INTERNATIONAL CONTRACT MIGRATION AND THE REINTEGRATION OF RETURN MIGRANTS - THE EXPERIENCE OF SRI-LANKA

Authors P ATHUKORALA
Year 1990
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 16
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92 Journal Article

Roma migrant children in Catalonia: between the politics of benevolence and the normalization of violence

Authors Ioana Vrabiescu
Year 2017
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 6
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93 Journal Article

The combination of 'insider' and 'outsider' strategies in VSO-government partnerships: the relationship between Refugee Action and the Home Office in the UK

Authors D McGhee, Sarah Walker, Claire Bennett
Year 2016
Journal Name VOLUNTARY SECTOR REVIEW
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94 Journal Article

Return Migration and Psychosocial Wellbeing

Authors Russell King, Zana Vathi
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
95 Book

Between two societies Review of the Information, Return and Reintegration of Iraqi Nationals to Iraq (IRRINI) programme

Authors A. Strand, S. Bendixsen, E. Paasche, ...
Year 2011
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96 Report

SYMPOSIUM ON THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC-ASPECTS OF MASS VOLUNTARY RETURN MOVEMENTS OF REFUGEES, ADDIS-ABABA, 15-17 SEPTEMBER, 1992

Authors D TURTON
Year 1993
Journal Name DISASTERS
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97 Journal Article

The international migration and foreign policy nexus: the case of Syrian refugee crisis and Turkey

Authors N. Ela Gokalp Aras, Zeynep Sahin Mencuetek
Year 2015
Journal Name MIGRATION LETTERS
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99 Journal Article

Averting forced migration in countries in transition

Authors S Martin
Year 2002
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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100 Journal Article
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