United Arab Emirates

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Textbox 5: Measuring the Household Effects of Temporary Overseas Work: A Unique New Study in India

Authors Michael Clemens
Book Title Global Perspectives on Migration and Development
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1 Book Chapter

Motorcycle-related injuries in the United Arab Emirates

Authors Ashraf F. Hefny, Hani O. Eid, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, ...
Year 2012
Journal Name ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
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2 Journal Article

The “Tiering” of Citizenship and Residency and the “Hierarchization” of Migrant Communities: The United Arab Emirates in Historical Context

Authors Manal A. Jamal
Year 2015
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 8
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3 Journal Article

National Security and the Management of Migrant Labor: A Case Study of the United Arab Emirates

Authors Noora Lori
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Citations (WoS) 1
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4 Journal Article

Heritage of display: interculturality and cultural diplomacy in the 2010 UNESCO falconry file

Authors Sylvie Grenet
Year 2019
Journal Name International Journal of Heritage Studies
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5 Journal Article

International knowledge mobility and urban development in rapidly globalizing areas: building global hubs for talent in Dubai and Abu Dhabi

Authors Michael C. Ewers
Year 2017
Journal Name Urban Geography
Citations (WoS) 7
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6 Journal Article

National Security and the Management of Migrant Labor: A Case Study of the United Arab Emirates

Authors Noora Lori
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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7 Journal Article

"But we can always get more!" Deportability, the State and Gendered Migration in the United Arab Emirates

Authors Pardis Mandavi
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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8 Journal Article

CROSS-CULTURAL MENTORING: LESSONS LEARNT FROM SCHOOL LEADERS IN THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

Authors W. C. Bock, S. Schulze
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL FOR NEW GENERATION SCIENCES
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10 Journal Article

Temporary Labour-Migration System and Long-term Residence Strategies in the United Arab Emirates

Authors Marko Valenta, Zan Strabac, Jo Jakobsen, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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11 Journal Article

Determinants of theatre, dance, and art museum attendance in the United Arab Emirates

Authors Steven Buigut, Odekhiren Amaize
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HERITAGE TOURISM
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12 Journal Article

Prevalence of Depression and Suicidal Behaviors Among Male Migrant Workers in United Arab Emirates

Authors F. Al-Maskari, S. M. Shah, R. Al-Sharhan, ...
Year 2011
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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13 Journal Article

Persian Pride and Prejudice: Identity Maintenance and Interest Calculations among Iranians in the United Arab Emirates

Authors James Worrall, Alam Saleh
Year 2020
Journal Name International Migration Review
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14 Journal Article

Prevalence of Diabetes among Migrant Women and Duration of Residence in the United Arab Emirates: A Cross Sectional Study

Authors S. M. Shah, Raghib Ali, Tom Loney, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name PLoS ONE
Citations (WoS) 7
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15 Journal Article

A new era for labour migration in the GCC?

Authors Philip Martin, Froilan T. Malit
Year 2017
Journal Name Migration Letters
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16 Journal Article

Religious Attendance, Health-Promoting Lifestyle Behaviors, and Depressive Symptoms Among Koreans in the United Arab Emirates (UAE)

Authors Hee Jun Kim, Michelle Pearce, Smi Choi-Kwon
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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18 Journal Article

Evaluating perceptions of residents' towards impacts of tourism development in Emirates of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Authors Nada Malalla Hammad, Syed Zamberi Ahmad, Avraam Papastathopoulos
Year 2017
Journal Name TOURISM REVIEW
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19 Journal Article

Skilful survivals : irregular migration to the Gulf

Authors Philippe FARGUES, Nasra M. SHAH
Year 2017
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20 Book

Gender-based differences in employment conditions of local and expatriate workers in the GCC context Empirical evidence from the United Arab Emirates

Authors Mohammed A. Al-Waqfi, Ibrahim Abdalla Al-faki
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANPOWER
Citations (WoS) 8
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21 Journal Article

United Arab Emirates' legal framework of migration

Authors Maysa ZAHRA
Description
The following explanatory note outlines the main legislative texts including laws, regulations, and cabinet and ministerial decisions, which govern the inward migration of foreigners to the United Arab Emirates and some elements of the outward migration of Emirati citizens.
Year 2015
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22 Report

Asymmetric Information under the Kafala Sponsorship System: Impacts on Foreign Domestic Workers' Income and Employment Status in the GCC Countries

Authors Froilan T. Malit, George Naufal
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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23 Journal Article

Some aspects of ukrainian legislative reform relating to combating against human trafficking

Authors Lyudmila DAVYDOVYCH, Valentina SUBOTENKO
Description
The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.The issue of combat against human trafficking is very pressing for Ukraine, just like for most postSoviet countries. As it is indicated in the Migration Profile of Ukraine compiled in 2011 by Ukrainian migration experts based on research and on statistical data provided by Ukrainian national authorities and international specialists in the field of migration, Ukraine is primarily a state of origin for human trafficking victims1. Ukraine is also a country of transit for foreigners who became human trafficking or smuggling victims on their way to other countries, primarily Turkey or United Arab Emirates, from Moldova, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.
Year 2013
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24 Report

Labor, Health, and Marginalization: A Culture-Centered Analysis of the Challenges of Male Bangladeshi Migrant Workers in the Middle East

Authors Rati Kumar, Raihan Jamil
Year 2020
Journal Name QUALITATIVE HEALTH RESEARCH
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26 Journal Article

Financialization and Outsourcing in a Different Guise: The Ethical Chaos of Workforce Localization in the United Arab Emirates

Authors Valerie Priscilla Goby
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS
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28 Journal Article

Migrant Domestic Workers and Family Life

Authors Glenda Tibe Bonifacio, Maria Kontos
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29 Book

Humanistic leadership in the UAE context

Authors Yaprak Anadol, Mohamed Behery
Year 2020
Journal Name Cross Cultural & Strategic Management
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31 Journal Article

The legal framework of the sponsorship systems of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries : a comparative examination

Authors Maysa ZAHRA
Description
The sponsorship system of the Arab Gulf countries comprises rules and regulations that tie the residence of a migrant worker to his/her sponsor in the country. This paper offers an in-depth examination of the legal framework of the sponsorship system of the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) ヨ Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman and the United Arab Emirates. It looks at different aspects of the system starting with the requirement for sponsorship and ending with the rules on absconding and repatriation.
Year 2015
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32 Report

The Economics of Teaching in India Versus Teaching Aboard: Teacher Salary Differentials Using Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)

Authors Gavin George, Bruce Rhodes
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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33 Journal Article

Triglossia and promoting Arabic literacy in the United Arab Emirates

Authors Kevin S. Carroll, Bashar Al Kahwaji, David Litz
Year 2017
Journal Name Language, Culture and Curriculum
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34 Journal Article

Gendering Migrant Remittances: Evidence from Bangladesh and the United Arab Emirates

Authors Md Mizanur Rahman
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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35 Journal Article

Knowledge migration flows in education hubs: Mobile students enrolled at Indian and British branch campuses in the United Arab Emirates

Description
The provision of higher education is a key priority for countries around the world, given that knowledge production, innovation and skills are crucial for thriving societies and economies. Even though the number of university enrollments is forecast to rise by 21 million between 2011 and 2020, many countries are struggling to meet demand. Thus different types of knowledge migration are emerging, more students are studying abroad and institutions are establishing offshore branch campuses. Research has been conducted on international student migration and transnational education, but nothing is known about the intersection of these two literatures, i.e. instances when both students and institutions cross international borders. EduHubMig addresses the paucity on this topic through the study of international students enrolled at British and Indian branch campuses in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Statistical analyses of secondary data and an online survey will identify the characteristics and size of this under-studied young migrant group. In addition, a range of qualitative research methods, such as in-depth interviews with students and other stakeholders (n=130), an institutional ethnography of offshore universities and a netnography of the website materials and social media, will uncover the various ways in which different actors shape knowledge flows within education hubs. EduHubMig will enable the Experienced Researcher to develop important new research skills and enhance her career development. The project will provide intensive training and facilitate knowledge exchange between the Experienced Researcher and the colleagues at Utrecht University with whom she shares research interests. The training plan will be closely monitored by her supervisor and supported by dedicated academic and administrative colleagues. The research and excellent training integrated in EduHubMig will help the Experienced Researcher accomplish her career objective of a tenure-track position.
Year 2017
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36 Project

Expanding horizons and expatriate adjustment

Authors Rizwan Tahir
Year 2018
Journal Name Cross Cultural & Strategic Management
Citations (WoS) 2
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37 Journal Article

Sudanese Migration to the New World: Socio‐economic Characteristics

Authors Rogaia M. Abusharaf
Year 1997
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 9
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38 Journal Article

Seeking Emirati women's voices: The use of focus groups with an Arab population

Authors WW Winslow, G Honein, MA Elzubeir
Year 2002
Journal Name QUALITATIVE HEALTH RESEARCH
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39 Journal Article

EduHubMig: Knowledge migration flows in education hubs: Mobile students enrolled at Indian and British branch campuses in the United Arab Emirates

Description
The provision of higher education is a key priority for countries around the world, given that knowledge production, innovation and skills are crucial for thriving societies and economies. Even though the number of university enrollments is forecast to rise by 21 million between 2011 and 2020, many countries are struggling to meet demand. Thus different types of knowledge migration are emerging, more students are studying abroad and institutions are establishing offshore branch campuses. Research has been conducted on international student migration and transnational education, but nothing is known about the intersection of these two literatures, i.e. instances when both students and institutions cross international borders. EduHubMig addresses the paucity on this topic through the study of international students enrolled at British and Indian branch campuses in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Statistical analyses of secondary data and an online survey will identify the characteristics and size of this under-studied young migrant group. In addition, a range of qualitative research methods, such as in-depth interviews with students and other stakeholders (n=130), an institutional ethnography of offshore universities and a netnography of the website materials and social media, will uncover the various ways in which different actors shape knowledge flows within education hubs. EduHubMig will enable the Experienced Researcher to develop important new research skills and enhance her career development. The project will provide intensive training and facilitate knowledge exchange between the Experienced Researcher and the colleagues at Utrecht University with whom she shares research interests. The training plan will be closely monitored by her supervisor and supported by dedicated academic and administrative colleagues. The research and excellent training integrated in EduHubMig will help the Experienced Researcher accomplish her career objective of a tenure-track position.
Year 2017
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40 Project

Socioeconomic Achievement Among Arab Immigrants in the USA: The Influence of Region of Origin and Gender

Authors Abdi M. Kusow, Kristine J. Ajrouch, Mamadi Corra
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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41 Journal Article

Precarity chains: cycles of domestic worker migration from Southeast Asia to the Middle East

Authors Rachel Silvey, , Rhacel Parreñas
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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42 Journal Article

Gulf Nationalism and the Geopolitics of Constructing Falconry as a 'Heritage Sport'

Authors Natalie Koch
Year 2015
Journal Name Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism
Citations (WoS) 12
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43 Journal Article

La migration marocaine dans les pays du Golfe

Authors Mohamed KHACHANI
Description
La migration économique vers l’Arabie Saoudite et les Emirats Arabes Unis a pris de l’importance principalement à partir du « boom pétrolier » de 1973. Cette migration intéresse pratiquement toutes les régions du Maroc ; elle est favorisée par les mesures restrictives prises par l’Europe et les similitudes culturelles avec ces pays. Les secteurs d’emploi des migrants dans ces pays couvrent une gamme très variée de branches dans le secteur des services, avec une prédominance de l’emploi féminin en particulier aux EAU, mais aussi dans les petits métiers tels l’artisanat, la mécanique, l’électricité et l’électronique, etc. Globalement, l’approche politique à cette question est menée sous le signe du paradoxe : « le besoin en main-d’œuvre et le non désir des étrangers» Cette peur d’être absorbés par les étrangers s’explique par le fait que les pays du Golfe enregistrent les taux de migration les plus élevés au monde. Si avec l’Arabie Saoudite, le Maroc n’a pas signé de convention de main-d’œuvre, il est lié par un accord avec les EAU et le Qatar signés en 1981 (et avec la Libye signé en 1983). Cette migration dans les pays du Golfe rapporte au Maroc une manne financière substantielle, il enregistre dans la région un fort taux des transferts. Abstract Since the 1973 oil crisis, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates have evolved into important receiver countries of labour migration flows. One of the main sender countries has been Morocco, due both to the limitations put in place by the traditional receiving countries in Europe and the similarity of cultural habits. As to their economic profile, Moroccans emigrants have been employed in a huge variety of sectors, e.g. services, handcrafts, electricity, electronic, and so on. On the whole, the political approach towards immigration issues in the Gulf countries can be summarized by the paradox “wanting labour but not foreigners”. This concern about migrants is partially explained by the fact that the Gulf countries register, today, the world’s highest net migration rates. From a legal perspective, Morocco signed bilateral labour migration agreements with United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Libya. Finally, in terms of migrants’ remittances, immigration in the Gulf countries represents a very important resource for the Moroccan economy.
Year 2009
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44 Report

Happiness in the United Arab Emirates: conceptualisations of happiness among Emirati and other Arab students

Authors Louise Lambert D'raven, Nausheen Pasha-Zaidi
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HAPPINESS AND DEVELOPMENT
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45 Journal Article

Labor Camp Surveys in GCC Countries: Group Quarter Subsampling

Authors Kien Trung Le, Abdoulaye Diop, Stacy Pancratz
Year 2019
Journal Name FIELD METHODS
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46 Journal Article

Labour Migration Policy Index (LMPI)

Description
The Labour Migration Policy Index (LMPI) aims to assess on a national level the mechanisms which allow employers to meet their labour needs, and which provide favourable conditions for migrant workers. The LMPI focuses on assessing the formal rules and regulations of labour migration programmes, as opposed to actual policy implementation and migration outcomes, which are more difficult to evaluate. The LMPI considers two fields of labour migration policy -- Administration and Entry Mechanisms, and Migrant Worker Entitlements. Each of these two fields is divided into two ‘macro indicators’, for example, ‘Administrative mechanisms’ and ‘Entry mechanisms’. The LMPI only assesses migration programmes in a limited number of countries. In order to ensure some geographical balance, research has been conducted on the following thirteen countries: Australia, Canada, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Singapore, Spain, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Year 2008
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47 Data Set

Thinking Policy Through Migrant Domestic Workers' Itineraries

Authors R Silvey,
Year 2020
Journal Name AMERICAN BEHAVIORAL SCIENTIST
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49 Journal Article

Serial Labor Migration: Precarity and Itinerancy among Filipino and Indonesian Domestic Workers

Authors Rhacel Salazar Parreñas, Rachel Silvey, Maria Cecilia Hwang, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name International Migration Review
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50 Journal Article

Gender Dynamics from an Arab Perspective: Intercultural Service Encounters

Authors Marryam Khan, Heejung Ro, Amy M. Gregory, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name CORNELL HOSPITALITY QUARTERLY
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51 Journal Article

Pakistani Workers in the Middle East: Volume, Trends and Consequences

Authors Nasra M. Shah
Year 1983
Journal Name International Migration Review
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52 Journal Article

The role of various types of capital in transnational labor migration from the Philippines

Authors Simone Christ
Year 2020
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
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53 Journal Article

The Experience of Co-Teaching for Emergent Arabic-English Literacy

Authors Anna M. Dillon, Kay Gallagher
Year 2019
Journal Name QUALITATIVE REPORT
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54 Journal Article

The Impact of Immigration Policy on Indian Contract Migrants: The Case of the United Arab Emirates

Authors K.C. Zachariah, B.A. Prakash, S. Irudaya Rajan
Year 2003
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 10
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55 Journal Article

“But We Can Always Get More!” Deportability, the State and Gendered Migration in the United Arab Emirates

Authors Pardis Mahdavi
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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56 Journal Article

Migration diplomacy in the Gulf – non-state actors, cross-border mobility, and the United Arab Emirates

Authors Froilan T. Malit, Gerasimos Tsourapas
Year 2021
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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57 Journal Article

‘It got very debauched, very Dubai!’ Heterosexual intimacy amongst single British expatriates

Authors Katie Walsh
Year 2007
Journal Name Social & Cultural Geography
Citations (WoS) 52
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58 Journal Article

Underlying motivating factors for movie-induced tourism among Emiratis and Indian expatriates in the United Arab Emirates

Authors Noela Michael, Anestis Fotiadis, Ian Michael, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name TOURISM AND HOSPITALITY RESEARCH
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59 Journal Article

Utilisation of Healthcare Services and Medicines by Pakistani Migrants Residing in High Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Thematic Synthesis

Authors Ahsan Saleem, Kathryn J. Steadman, Jasmina Fejzic
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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60 Journal Article

Male trailing spouses in the United Arab Emirates: adding novel insight to the prevailing expatriate spouse adjustment frameworks

Authors Rizwan Tahir, Zarine Chamas
Year 2020
Journal Name European J. of International Management
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61 Journal Article

Everyday Inclusions: Rethinking Ethnocracy, Kafala, and Belonging in the Arabian Peninsula

Authors Neha Vora, Natalie Koch
Year 2015
Journal Name Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism
Citations (WoS) 10
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63 Journal Article

Security in the RedSea: Regional Problems, Power Struggle and Terrorism

Authors N. Nese Kemiksiz
Year 2020
Journal Name GAZI AKADEMIK BAKIS-GAZI ACADEMIC VIEW
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64 Journal Article

Is tourism really an escape from everyday life? Everyday leisure activities vs leisure travel activities of expats and emirati nationals living in the UAE

Authors Natasa Slak Valek, Anestis Fotiadis
Year 2018
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CULTURE TOURISM AND HOSPITALITY RESEARCH
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67 Journal Article

The role of the bilingual teaching assistant: alternative visions for bilingual support in the primary years

Authors Fiona Sally Baker
Year 2014
Journal Name International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
Citations (WoS) 2
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69 Journal Article

Demography, migration, and the labour market in the UAE

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
The objective of the paper is to draw a sketch of UAE’s population and migration dynamics, using the scarce data available from the federal and emirate-level statistical bureaus. In 2010, expatriates in the UAE were estimated to number 7,316,073 persons, twenty times the 1975’s figure of 356,343. Foreign nationals thus made up 88.5 per cent of the country’s total population; most were believed to come from Asia and especially from India. In the employed population, foreign nationals accounted for an even larger share (96 per cent of the Dubai’s employed population in 2011). Non-Emiratis comprised 40 per cent of the UAE’s public sector’s workforce in 2013, but as much as 99.5 per cent of those employed in the private sector. Unlike in other GCC states, a quarter of working expatriates were in managerial posts, employed across all activities’ spectrum. Expatriates’ demographic expansion mounted during the 2000s, a period of spectacular economic growth fuelled by soaring oil prices. Since 2008’s financial downturn, however, the economy recovered and the hiring of foreign workers has resumed, stimulated by large-scale projects such as Dubai’s Expo 2020. Nonetheless, reforms in immigration policies are now undertaken, fuelled by security concerns and pressures from human rights’ protection bodies. The reality of some expatriates’ settlement is also witnessed in numbers (expatriate children aged 0-14 outnumbered Emirati children already in 2005), while mixed marriages are acknowledged in policies: some naturalisations of children of Emirati mothers have been performed since 2011.
Year 2015
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70 Report

Expatriates' learning: The role of VFR tourism

Authors Christopher S. Dutt, Ivan Ninov
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HOSPITALITY AND TOURISM MANAGEMENT
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71 Journal Article

How the Global and Gulf Financial Crises Affected Pakistan: Ten-year Review(0)

Authors Sajid Amin Javed, Badiea Shaukat, Iftikhar Ahmad
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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72 Journal Article

Race, space, place: notes on the racialisation and spatialisation of commercial sex work in Dubai, UAE

Authors Pardis Mahdavi
Year 2010
Journal Name CULTURE HEALTH & SEXUALITY
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73 Journal Article

Citizenship and migration in Arab Gulf monarchies

Authors J. Sater
Year 2014
Journal Name Citizenship Studies
Citations (WoS) 9
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74 Journal Article

Migrant Knowledge Workers’ Perceptions of Housing Conditions in Gulf Cities

Authors Ashraf M. Salama, Florian Wiedmann, Hatem G. Ibrahim
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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76 Journal Article

Of Lust and Love: A Cross-Cultural Study of Sex and Relationship Advice Articles in Women's Magazines

Authors Reem Adib Lulu, Sharifah Nurul Huda Alkaff
Year 2018
Journal Name SEXUALITY AND CULTURE
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78 Journal Article

Determinants of Innovative Behaviour in the Hotel Industry: A cross-Cultural Study

Authors Riyad Eid, Gomaa Agag
Year 2020
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT
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80 Journal Article

IT terminology, translation, and semiotic levels: Cultural, lexicographic, and linguistic problems

Authors Abdullah A. Khuwaileh, Tariq Khwaileh
Year 2011
Journal Name SEMIOTICA
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81 Journal Article

Labour immigration and labour markets in the GCC countries: national patterns and trends

Description
Using the latest statistical data from six GCC states and recent publications of the GCC Secretariat, a detailed profile is presented of immigration and employment across the region. Evaluation is made of the available data sources (listed in the appendix) and the actual extent of immigrant presence in both population and labour market is critically examined. Employment according to public/private sector, and also for fifteen economic sectors, is shown for each country (where available) by citizenship type and gender. Previously unpublished indicators, such as unemployment and participation rates, are calculated where possible by citizenship type, gender and age groups; a few countries provide data on actual nationalities or regional groupings of foreign employees, and these are reproduced here. Previously neglected issues that receive some attention are foreign births, family presence, foreign schoolchildren and duration of residence (the latter available only for the UAE). The emergence of the kafala system is examined in historical context; in particular, emphasis is placed on its role in promoting irregularities in the migration, residence and employment of foreigners across the GCC. Trends in government policies are described, including the recent and significant doubts in some countries about the ability of the kafala system to produce satisfactory outcomes. Some attention is paid to the important policies of nationalization’ of GCC labour markets: a conceptual categorization of such policies is made, according to five different policy objectives. Using both the broad and more detailed sectoral employment data previously presented, evaluation is then made of the degree of success of each country’s initiatives in this area. The paper concludes with an exposition of the commonalities and differences across the GCC in managing their labour markets and immigration. The structural specificities of each country are outlined, along with tentative prognoses of their future needs for immigrant workers.
Year 2011
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82 Report

Libanesische globale Dorfgemeinschaften: Praktiken zur Bildung und Erhaltung globaler Gemeinschaften

Principal investigator Anton Escher (Principal Investigator)
Description
Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts begann eine kontinuierliche Auswanderung aus dem Gebiet des heutigen Libanons, die bis heute anhält. Die Migrationsströme änderten mehrfach ihre Richtung, wobei die libanesischen Migranten in den letzten drei Jahrzehnten verstärkt nach Australien, in die USA und nach Deutschland wandern. Durch die Änderung der Migrationsrichtung bildeten sich Gemeinschaften, deren Mitglieder weltweit verstreut leben, wobei sie ihren Zusammenhalt mit der Herkunft der ausgewanderten Vorfahren aus dem gleichen Herkunftsort (-dorf) begründen. Es entstanden somit globale Dorfgemeinschaften. Ausgehend von den libanesischen Dörfern Aitou, Hadchit und Ehden untersuchen die Projektmitarbeiter die globalen Gemeinschaften und ihre Verbindungen in die Länder Australien, die USA und Deutschland. Die Projektmitarbeiter schlagen das Konzept der globalen Dorfgemeinschaft als neues theoretisches Modell vor, um Prozesse der Vergemeinschaftung und Verräumlichung in der globalisierten Welt zu untersuchen und zu verstehen. Die Ergebnisse der Untersuchung zeigen auch die Möglichkeiten auf, die Mitglieder der globalen Gemeinschaften an der gesellschaftlichen Entwicklung ihrer Lebensländer partizipieren zu lassen. Die Zunahme des digitalen Austauschs von Informationen und der Vergemeinschaftung im Web 2.0, die unkomplizierte Möglichkeit des Ortswechsels und die allgemeine politische Liberalisierung in der globalisierten Welt führen in arabischsprachigen Ländern dazu, dass die weltweit verbundene Dorfgemeinschaften zunehmend an wirtschaftlichem und politischem Einfluss gewinnen. Diese Gemeinschaften sind durch ein globales Geflecht enger kommunikativer und emotionaler Beziehungen unter ihren Mitgliedern gekennzeichnet, die ihr Zusammengehörigkeitsgefühl über den gemeinsamen Herkunftsort konstruieren und daher als Diasporas bezeichnet werden. Die Projektmitarbeiter definieren Diaspora als soziale Ordnung die nationalstaatliche Ordnungen durchbricht. In ihrer Studien stellen sie den Begriff Diaspora in den Kontext der globalisierten Welt. Hierfür entwickeln die Projektmitarbeiter die neue Theorie der globalen Dorfgemeinschaft, die das Konzept Gemeinschaft von TÖNNIES (1887) weiterentwickelt sowie mit der Theorie der sozialen Praktik nach SCHATZKI (2002) und dem Begriff Diaspora verbindet. Um die Wechselwirkungen zwischen modernen Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien (IKT) und den Prozessen der Vergemeinschaftung zu verstehen, entwerfen die Projektmitarbeiter neue Forschungsmethoden. Diese führen die methodologischen Gedanken der szientistischen Sozialwissenschaft mit denen der Ethnomethodologie zusammen.
Year 2013
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