Kuwait

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Recent amnesty programmes for irregular migrants in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia : some successes and failures

Authors Nasra M. SHAH
Description
Hardly any research is available on the patterns of irregular migration in the Gulf countries, home to about 23 million migrant workers and their families. The objective of this paper is to briefly document the volume and types of irregular migration in the region and to evaluate the response of irregular migrants to recent amnesty programmes in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia for regularising their stay or facilitating their departure. Irregular migrants in Kuwait were defined as those overstaying their residence, visit, or other visa. In Saudi Arabia, they were defined as those overstaying their visa, working for someone other than their sponsor, or in an occupation that did not match their work permit. Of the 124,000 irregular migrants in Kuwait in 2011, only 37 percent departed or regularised their stay while the rest remained in the country illegally. Bangladeshis were the largest group among irregular migrants, followed by Egyptians and Indians. In Saudi Arabia in 2013, about one million irregular migrants availed the amnesty to depart while more than 4 million regularised their stay. The scale of regularisation was very large and is likely to have exerted major impact on the structure and functioning of the Saudi labour market. Some reasons for the low compliance with amnesty, especially in Kuwait, are discussed and suggestions are offered for increasing such compliance in future.
Year 2014
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1 Report

The demography of the Kuwaiti population of Kuwait

Authors Allan G. Hill
Year 1975
Journal Name Demography
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2 Journal Article

Chain Migration Through the Social Network: Experience of Labour Migrants in Kuwait

Authors Nasra M. Shah, Indu Menon
Year 1999
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 28
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3 Journal Article

Immigrant Labour in Kuwait.

Authors Sharon Stanton Russell, Abdulrasool Al-Moosa, Keith McLachlan
Year 1986
Journal Name International Migration Review
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4 Journal Article

The demographic and economic framework of migration in Kuwait

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
As of December 2012, 68 percent of residents in Kuwait were expatriates. Most come from Asia and especially from India (30 percent of all foreign residents). Three-quarters of expatriates are active. They account for 83 percent of the total active population and 93 percent of the private sector's workforce. Asians are mainly involved in the services and craft sectors, while Arabs more often fill managerial posts. Recent flows suggest a shift in recruitment policies towards upgrading the workforce's level of qualifications and occupations. Data also show the extent of forced migration from Kuwait: 400,000 Arabs, most of them of Palestinian origin, were forced to flee the country after the First Gulf War. Also, Kuwait's stateless residents (the Bidun) have been compelled to emigrate since 1985, while those still in the country are considered illegal residents.
Year 2013
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5 Report

Book Review: Immigrant Labour in Kuwait

Authors Sharon Stanton Russell
Year 1986
Journal Name International Migration Review
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6 Journal Article

The Kuwaiti manager: Work values and orientations

Authors AJ Ali, A Al-Kazemi
Year 2005
Journal Name JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS
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7 Journal Article

Migrant Workers in the Arab Gulf: The Impact of Declining Oil Revenues

Authors J.S. Birks, I.J. Seccombe, C.A. Sinclair
Year 1986
Journal Name International Migration Review
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8 Journal Article

Marriage Partner Selection in Kuwait: An Analytical Hierarchy Process Approach

Authors Mohammed Hajeeh, Saleh Lairi
Year 2009
Journal Name JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL SOCIOLOGY
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9 Journal Article

The legal framework of the sponsorship systems of Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait : a comparative examination

Authors Maysa ZAHRA
Description
The sponsorship system of the Arab Gulf countries comprises rules and regulations that tie the residence of a migrant worker to his/her sponsor in the country. This paper offers an in-depth examination of the legal framework of the sponsorship system of three countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) - Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. The paper looks at different aspects of the system starting with the requirement for sponsorship and ending with the rules on absconding and repatriation.
Year 2014
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10 Report

The legal framework of the sponsorship systems of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries : a comparative examination

Authors Maysa ZAHRA
Description
The sponsorship system of the Arab Gulf countries comprises rules and regulations that tie the residence of a migrant worker to his/her sponsor in the country. This paper offers an in-depth examination of the legal framework of the sponsorship system of the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) ヨ Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman and the United Arab Emirates. It looks at different aspects of the system starting with the requirement for sponsorship and ending with the rules on absconding and repatriation.
Year 2015
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11 Report

Patterns of desired fertility and contraceptive use in Kuwait

Authors NM Shah, Muhbat Ali Shah, Z Radovanovic
Year 1998
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING PERSPECTIVES
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12 Journal Article

Relative Success of Male Workers in the Host Country, Kuwait: Does the Channel of Migration Matter?

Authors Nasra M. Shah
Year 2000
Journal Name International Migration Review
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13 Journal Article

Relative Success of Male Workers in the Host Country, Kuwait: Does the Channel of Migration Matter?

Authors Nasra M. Shah
Year 2000
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 13
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14 Journal Article

Politics and Ideology in Migration Policy Formulation: The Case of Kuwait

Authors Sharon Stanton Russell
Year 1989
Journal Name International Migration Review
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15 Journal Article

Terrorism and the Foreigner

Authors Elspeth Guild, Anneliese Baldaccini
Year 2018
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16 Book

Traffickers, Brokers, Employment Agents, and Social Networks: The Regulation of Intermediaries in the Migration of Ethiopian Domestic Workers to the Middle East

Authors Bina Fernandez
Year 2013
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 15
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17 Journal Article

Walls Built on Sand: Migration, Exclusion, and Society in Kuwait.

Authors Nasra M. Shah, Anh Nga Longva
Year 1998
Journal Name International Migration Review
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18 Journal Article

Kuwait's Revised Labor Laws: Implications for National and Foreign Workers

Authors Nasra M. Shah
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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19 Journal Article

Kuwait's Revised Labor Laws: Implications for National and Foreign Workers

Authors NM Shah
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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20 Journal Article

A new era for labour migration in the GCC?

Authors Philip Martin, Froilan T. Malit
Year 2017
Journal Name Migration Letters
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21 Journal Article

Sudanese Migration to the New World: Socio‐economic Characteristics

Authors Rogaia M. Abusharaf
Year 1997
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 9
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22 Journal Article

ETHNIC-DIFFERENCES IN CONTRACEPTIVE USE IN KUWAIT - A CLINIC-BASED STUDY

Authors K ALGALLAF, NM Shah, J Behbehani, ...
Year 1995
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
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23 Journal Article

Politics and Ideology in Migration Policy Formulation: The Case of Kuwait

Authors Sharon Stanton Russell
Year 1989
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 20
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24 Journal Article

Negotiating the Politics of Exclusion: Georges Candilis, Housing and the Kuwaiti Welfare State

Authors Asseel Al-Ragam
Year 2017
Journal Name International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
Citations (WoS) 2
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25 Journal Article

Pakistani Workers in the Middle East: Volume, Trends and Consequences

Authors Nasra M. Shah
Year 1983
Journal Name International Migration Review
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26 Journal Article

Everyday conversions: Islam, domestic work, and South Asian migrant women in Kuwait

Authors Idil Akinci
Year 2019
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
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27 Journal Article

Predictors of non-urgent utilization of hospital emergency services in Kuwait

Authors NM Shah, MA Shah, J Behbehani
Year 1996
Journal Name Social science & medicine, 2019, Vol. 222, pp. 11-19
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28 Journal Article

Skilful survivals : irregular migration to the Gulf

Authors Philippe FARGUES, Nasra M. SHAH
Year 2017
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29 Book

Citizenship and migration in Arab Gulf monarchies

Authors J. Sater
Year 2014
Journal Name Citizenship Studies
Citations (WoS) 9
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30 Journal Article

Household Help? Ethiopian Women Domestic Workers' Labor Migration to the Gulf Countries

Authors Bina Fernandez
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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31 Journal Article

Labor Camp Surveys in GCC Countries: Group Quarter Subsampling

Authors Kien Trung Le, Abdoulaye Diop, Stacy Pancratz
Year 2019
Journal Name FIELD METHODS
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32 Journal Article

The Impact of the Involuntary Mass ‘Return’ to Jordan in the Wake of the Gulf Crisis

Authors Nicholas Van Hear
Year 1995
Journal Name International Migration Review
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33 Journal Article

Everyday Conversions: Islam, Domestic Work, and South Asian Migrant Women in Kuwait

Authors Mirna Lattouf
Year 2019
Journal Name HAWWA
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34 Journal Article

Book Review: Walls Built on Sand: Migration, Exclusion, and Society in Kuwait

Authors Nasra M. Shah
Year 1998
Journal Name International Migration Review
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35 Journal Article

Terrorism and the integration of Muslim immigrants

Authors Ahmed Elsayed, Andries de Grip
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Population Economics
Citations (WoS) 1
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36 Journal Article

Asymmetric Information under the Kafala Sponsorship System: Impacts on Foreign Domestic Workers' Income and Employment Status in the GCC Countries

Authors Froilan T. Malit, George Naufal
Year 2016
Journal Name International Migration
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37 Journal Article

Americans and Iraq, twelve years apart: Comparing support for the US wars in Iraq

Authors Dana M. Williams, Suzanne R. Slusser
Year 2014
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL
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38 Journal Article

Death obsession in Palestinians

Authors AM Abdel-Khalek, NS Al-Arja, T Abdalla
Year 2006
Journal Name DEATH STUDIES
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39 Journal Article

The Impact of the Involuntary Mass 'Return' to Jordan in the Wake of the Gulf Crisis

Authors Nicholas van Hear
Year 1995
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 15
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40 Journal Article

Household Help? Ethiopian Women Domestic Workers' Labor Migration to the Gulf Countries

Authors Bina Fernandez
Year 2011
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Citations (WoS) 10
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41 Journal Article

Structural Changes in the Receiving Country and Future Labor Migration –The Case of Kuwait

Authors Nasra M. Shah
Year 1995
Journal Name International Migration Review
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42 Journal Article

Stateless in the Gulf: Migration, Nationality, and Society in Kuwait. By Claire Beaugrand

Authors Neha Vora
Year 2018
Journal Name Migration Studies
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43 Journal Article

Some Salient Human Rights in the UN Convention on Migrant Workers

Authors L. Rao Penna
Year 1993
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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45 Journal Article

Structural Changes in the Receiving Country and Future Labor Migration- The Case of Kuwait

Authors Nasra M. Shah
Year 1995
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 6
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46 Journal Article

Data discrepancies between the census and civil registration systems in Kuwait : reasons, implications and Solutions

Authors Nasra M. SHAH
Description
A comparison for 1995, 2005, and 2011 reveals large discrepancies in the two main sources of population data, the censuses and the civil registration system. Possible reasons and implications of the observed discrepancies are discussed, and suggestions are made for actions and policies that might help improve data quality. This analysis suggests that the numbers recorded by the Public Authority for Civil Information (PACI) are likely to be relatively more reliable and valid than the census. However, a conclusive statement about this requires additional objective analysis. A system of post-enumeration sample surveys may be established as a usual mechanism for checking the accuracy of census data. Also, special studies designed to ensure the accuracy of PACI data should be conducted periodically.
Year 2014
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48 Report

Accounting for peoples' preferences in establishing new cities: A spatial model of population migration in Kuwait

Authors Nayef Alghais, David Pullar, Elin Charles-Edwards
Year 2018
Journal Name PLoS ONE
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49 Journal Article

Creating an Alternative umma: Clerical Authority and Religio-political Mobilisation in Transnational Shii Islam

Description
This interdisciplinary project investigates the transformation of Shii Islam in the Middle East and Europe since the 1950s. The project examines the formation of modern Shii communal identities and the role Shii clerical authorities and their transnational networks have played in their religio-political mobilisation. The volatile situation post-Arab Spring, the rise of militant movements such as ISIS and the sectarianisation of geopolitical conflicts in the Middle East have intensified efforts to forge distinct Shii communal identities and to conceive Shii Muslims as part of an alternative umma (Islamic community). The project focusses on Iran, Iraq and significant but unexplored diasporic links to Syria, Kuwait and Britain. In response to the rise of modern nation-states in the Middle East, Shii clerical authorities resorted to a wide range of activities: (a) articulating intellectual responses to the ideologies underpinning modern Middle Eastern nation-states, (b) forming political parties and other platforms of socio-political activism and (c) using various forms of cultural production by systematising and promoting Shii ritual practices and utilising visual art, poetry and new media. The project yields a perspectival shift on the factors that led to Shii communal mobilisation by: - Analysing unacknowledged intellectual responses of Shii clerical authorities to the secular or sectarian ideologies of post-colonial nation-states and to the current sectarianisation of geopolitics in the Middle East. - Emphasising the central role of diasporic networks in the Middle East and Europe in mobilising Shii communities and in influencing discourses and agendas of clerical authorities based in Iraq and Iran. - Exploring new modes of cultural production in the form of a modern Shii aesthetics articulated in ritual practices, visual art, poetry and new media and thus creating a more holistic narrative on Shii religio-political mobilisation.
Year 2018
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50 Project

Genome at Juncture of Early Human Migration: A Systematic Analysis of Two Whole Genomes and Thirteen Exomes from Kuwaiti Population Subgroup of Inferred Saudi Arabian Tribe Ancestry

Authors Osama Alsmadi, Gaurav Thareja, Kazem Behbehani, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name PLoS ONE
Citations (WoS) 17
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51 Journal Article

Social, Economic and Demographic Consequences of Migration on Kerala

Authors K.C. Zachariah, E.T. Mathew, S. Irudaya Rajan
Year 2001
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 29
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53 Journal Article

Labour immigration and labour markets in the GCC countries: national patterns and trends

Description
Using the latest statistical data from six GCC states and recent publications of the GCC Secretariat, a detailed profile is presented of immigration and employment across the region. Evaluation is made of the available data sources (listed in the appendix) and the actual extent of immigrant presence in both population and labour market is critically examined. Employment according to public/private sector, and also for fifteen economic sectors, is shown for each country (where available) by citizenship type and gender. Previously unpublished indicators, such as unemployment and participation rates, are calculated where possible by citizenship type, gender and age groups; a few countries provide data on actual nationalities or regional groupings of foreign employees, and these are reproduced here. Previously neglected issues that receive some attention are foreign births, family presence, foreign schoolchildren and duration of residence (the latter available only for the UAE). The emergence of the kafala system is examined in historical context; in particular, emphasis is placed on its role in promoting irregularities in the migration, residence and employment of foreigners across the GCC. Trends in government policies are described, including the recent and significant doubts in some countries about the ability of the kafala system to produce satisfactory outcomes. Some attention is paid to the important policies of nationalization’ of GCC labour markets: a conceptual categorization of such policies is made, according to five different policy objectives. Using both the broad and more detailed sectoral employment data previously presented, evaluation is then made of the degree of success of each country’s initiatives in this area. The paper concludes with an exposition of the commonalities and differences across the GCC in managing their labour markets and immigration. The structural specificities of each country are outlined, along with tentative prognoses of their future needs for immigrant workers.
Year 2011
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57 Report
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