Fiji

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Teaching at home or overseas: Teacher migration from Fiji and the Cook Islands

Authors Carmen Voigt-Graf, SE Khoo, R Iredale
Year 2007
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Citations (WoS) 11
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1 Journal Article

Race, ethnicity, and class issues in Fiji soccer 1980-2015

Authors Kieran James, Yogesh Nadan
Year 2020
Journal Name SOCCER & SOCIETY
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2 Journal Article

The Artist as A Healer: A Glimpse of Satendra Nandan's writing as a Healer

Authors Manpreet Kaur, Prashneel Ravisan Goundar
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND CULTURAL STUDIES
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3 Journal Article

Teaching at home or overseas: Teacher migration from Fiji and the Cook Islands

Authors Carmen Voigt-Graf, SE Khoo, R Iredale
Year 2007
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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4 Journal Article

Migration and Transnational Families in Fiji: Comparing Two Ethnic Groups

Authors Carmen Voigt-Graf
Year 2008
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 7
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5 Journal Article

Defining culture, heritage and identity in Fijian Context

Authors Prashneel Ravisan Goundar
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND CULTURAL STUDIES
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6 Journal Article

English language and literacy proficiency of students in an urban Fiji primary school

Authors Suzanne C. Hopf, Sharynne McLeod, Sarah H. McDonagh, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name Language, Culture and Curriculum
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7 Journal Article

THE PERCEPTIONS OF TOURISM EMPLOYEES AND THEIR FAMILIES TOWARDS TOURISM - A CROSS-CULTURAL-COMPARISON

Authors Abraham Pizam, Brian Edward King, A MILMAN
Year 1994
Journal Name TOURISM MANAGEMENT
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8 Journal Article

Fiji Indians and “commoditization of labor”

Authors JOHN D. KELLY
Year 1992
Journal Name American Ethnologist
Citations (WoS) 16
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9 Journal Article

Contrasts in moral reasoning capacity: The Fijians and the Singaporeans

Authors JS Wimalasiri
Year 2004
Journal Name JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS
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10 Journal Article

Ethnic tension in paradise: explaining ethnic supremacy aspirations in Fiji

Authors RE de Vries
Year 2002
Journal Name International Journal of Intercultural Relations
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11 Journal Article

Professional Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction Among Fiji Specialist Trainees: What Are the Implications for Preventing Migration?

Authors Kimberly M. Oman, Kim Usher, Robert Moulds
Year 2009
Journal Name QUALITATIVE HEALTH RESEARCH
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12 Journal Article

Life after Rugby: Issues of Being an 'Ex' in Fiji Rugby

Authors Yoko Kanemasu, Gyozo Molnar
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF SPORT
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13 Journal Article

Soldiers, chiefs and church: unstable democracy in Fiji

Authors Stephen McCarthy
Year 2011
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW
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14 Journal Article

Ethnic tension in paradise: explaining ethnic supremacy aspirations in Fiji

Authors RE de Vries
Year 2002
Journal Name International Journal of Intercultural Relations
Citations (WoS) 9
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15 Journal Article

Pride of the people: Fijian rugby labour migration and collective identity

Authors Yoko Kanemasu, Gyozo Molnar
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT
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16 Journal Article

Australia and Pacific Islander Migration

Authors Jean Louis Rallu
Year 1994
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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17 Journal Article

Prosecuting in paradise - race, politics and the rule of law in Fiji

Authors M Tedeschi
Year 2005
Journal Name CRIME LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE
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18 Journal Article

Political orientation and the resonance of ethnic mobilization: Understanding the prospects for reducing ethnic politics in Fiji

Authors Erik Larson
Year 2014
Journal Name Ethnicities
Citations (WoS) 1
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19 Journal Article

Travelling another Country: An Exploration into Travel Writings by Bhojpuri Speakers of India

Authors Jullie Rani
Year 2020
Journal Name RUPKATHA JOURNAL ON INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES IN HUMANITIES
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20 Journal Article

Nationalism versus constitutionalism in Fiji*

Authors Stephanie Lawson
Year 2004
Journal Name Nations and Nationalism
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21 Journal Article

The Effects of Migration on the Establishment of Networks: Caste Disintegration and Reformation among the Indians of Fiji

Authors Elizabeth M. Grieco
Year 1998
Journal Name International Migration Review
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22 Journal Article

Over Time and Beyond Disney-Visualizing Princesses through a Comparative Study in India, Fiji, and Sweden

Authors Charu Uppal
Year 2019
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCES-BASEL
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23 Journal Article

Poverty, Race Relations, and the Practices of International Business: A Study of Fiji

Authors Russell Daye
Year 2009
Journal Name JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS
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25 Journal Article

The role of sport in reflecting and shaping group dynamics: The "intergroup relations continuum" and its application to Fijian rugby and soccer

Authors Jack Thomas Sugden, Nico Schulenkorf, Daryl Adair, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name SPORT MANAGEMENT REVIEW
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26 Journal Article

The Reason Land Matters: Relocation as Adaptation to Climate Change in Fiji Islands

Authors Julia Blocher, Dalila Gharbaoui
Book Title Migration, Risk Management and Climate Change: Evidence and Policy Responses
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27 Book Chapter

Teach: An Ethogram-based Method to Observe and Record Teaching Behavior

Authors Michelle Ann Kline
Year 2017
Journal Name FIELD METHODS
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28 Journal Article

Core–Periphery Structure in Fiji

Authors M Sofer, M SOFER
Year 1988
Journal Name Environment and Planning D: Society and Space
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29 Journal Article

Migration Plans and Received Remittances: Evidence from Fiji and Tonga

Authors Gareth Leeves
Year 2009
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 7
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30 Journal Article

Tourists fraternising in Fiji in the 1930s

Authors Nicholas Halter
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF TOURISM HISTORY
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31 Journal Article

Multilingualism, the Linguistic Landscape of Fiji

Authors Prashneel Ravisan Goundar, Manpreet Kaur
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND CULTURAL STUDIES
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32 Journal Article

Rethinking ethnic conflict - Somalia and Fiji

Authors HM McFerson
Year 1996
Journal Name American Behavioral Scientist, 2014, Vol. 58, No. 12, pp. 1614-1633
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33 Journal Article

Television, disordered eating, and young women in Fiji: Negotiating body image and identity during rapid social change

Authors Anne E. Becker
Year 2004
Journal Name CULTURE MEDICINE AND PSYCHIATRY
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34 Journal Article

Fiji: the limits of ethnic political mobilisation

Authors Boxill
Year 1997
Journal Name Race & Class
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35 Journal Article

Fiji: the limits of ethnic political mobilisation

Authors Boxill
Year 1997
Journal Name Race & Class
Citations (WoS) 1
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36 Journal Article

Diglossia and its Practice in Multilingual Fiji

Authors Margaret Kamla Kumar
Year 2001
Journal Name International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
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37 Journal Article

Sport and ethno-racial formation: imagined distance in Fiji

Authors Jack Thomas Sugden
Year 2020
Journal Name Sport in Society
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38 Journal Article

The Determinants of Immigration from Fiji to New Zealand: An Empirical Reassessment using the Bounds Testing Approach

Authors PK Narayan, Paresh Kumar Narayan, Russell Smyth, ...
Year 2003
Journal Name International Migration
Citations (WoS) 15
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39 Journal Article

RACE AND POLITICS IN FIJI - NORTON,R

Authors TJ MACNAUGHT
Year 1979
Journal Name The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
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40 Journal Article

The sources of Indian emigration to Fiji

Authors K. L. Gillion
Year 1956
Journal Name Population Studies
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41 Journal Article

The effects of climate change on the geography and timing of human mobility

Authors Jon Barnett, Celia McMichael
Year 2018
Journal Name Population and Environment
Citations (WoS) 6
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42 Journal Article

Youth health-risk behavior assessment in Fiji: the reliability of Global School-based Student Health Survey content adapted for ethnic Fijian girls

Authors Anne E. Becker, Andrea L. Roberts, Alexandra Perloe, ...
Year 2010
Journal Name Ethnicity & Health
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43 Journal Article

MILITARY-INTERVENTION IN FIJI - FEAR OF ETHNIC DOMINATION

Authors Ralph Premdas
Year 1992
Journal Name SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC STUDIES
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44 Journal Article

Language Attitudes in Multilingual Primary Schools in Fiji

Authors Nikhat Shameem
Year 2004
Journal Name Language, Culture and Curriculum
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45 Journal Article

T-Shirts, style and the social construction of modern masculinities in urban Fiji

Authors Geir-Henning Presterudstuen
Year 2021
Journal Name CRITICAL STUDIES IN FASHION & BEAUTY
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46 Journal Article

Ethnic differentials in the timing of family formation

Authors Heather Booth
Year 2010
Journal Name Demographic Research
Citations (WoS) 1
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47 Journal Article

Owners, immigrants and ethnic conflict in Fiji and Mauritius

Authors Terrance Carroll
Year 1994
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
Citations (WoS) 10
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48 Journal Article

International Migration from Fiji: Gender and Human Development Issues

Authors Dharma Chandra
Year 2004
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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49 Journal Article

Private Military and Security Labour Migration: The Case of Fiji

Authors Yoko Kanemasu, Gyozo Molnar
Year 2017
Journal Name International Migration
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50 Journal Article

Immigrants from the Pacific: "Drain on the Economy" or Active Participation in the Labor Force?

Authors Richard Bedford, AM Masgoret, Manuila Tausi, ...
Year 2010
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
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51 Journal Article

Sugar and copper: Postcolonial experiences of Australian multinationals

Authors D Merrett
Year 2007
Journal Name BUSINESS HISTORY REVIEW
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52 Journal Article

The metaphors of nirgun: between bhakti poetry in songs and oral tradition

Authors Catherine Servan-Schreiber
Year 2018
Journal Name ARCHIV ORIENTALNI
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53 Journal Article

Economic Cost of Human Capital Loss from Fiji: Implications for Sustainable Development1

Authors Mahendra Reddy, Manoranjan Mohanty, Vijay Naidu
Year 2006
Journal Name International Migration Review
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54 Journal Article

Migrants' Remittances, Poverty and Social Protection in the South Pacific: Fiji and Tonga

Authors RPC Brown, J Connell, Eliana Jimenez-Soto
Year 2014
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 14
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55 Journal Article

The Effects of Migration on the Establishment of Networks: Caste Disintegration and Reformation among the Indians of Fiji

Authors Elizabeth M. Grieco, EM Grieco
Year 1998
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 26
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56 Journal Article

Sport Migration and Sociocultural Transformation: The Case of Fijian Rugby Union Players in Japan

Authors Dominik Schieder, Geir-Henning Presterudstuen
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF SPORT
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57 Journal Article

How Responsive are Remittances to Recipients' Welfare? Evidence from Fiji

Authors Eliana V. Jimenez, RPC Brown
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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58 Journal Article

Immigrants from the Pacific: "Drain on the Economy" or Active Participation in the Labor Force?

Authors Richard Bedford, AM Masgoret, Manuila Tausi, ...
Year 2010
Journal Name Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Citations (WoS) 1
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59 Journal Article

Classroom Language Use in a Multilingual Community--the Indo-Fijians in Fiji 1

Authors Nikhat Shameem
Year 2002
Journal Name Journal of Intercultural Studies
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60 Journal Article

Fiji: Race and Pontics in an Island State . MICHAEL C. HOWARD

Authors MARTHA KAPLAN
Year 1994
Journal Name American Ethnologist
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61 Journal Article

Volunteer tourism, development and education in a postcolonial world: conceiving global connections beyond aid

Authors Carlos M. Palacios
Year 2010
Journal Name JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
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62 Journal Article

Property of spirits: Hereditary and global value of sea turtles in Fiji

Authors R. Christopher Morgan
Year 2007
Journal Name Human Organization
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63 Journal Article

Fiji's worst natural disaster: the 1931 hurricane and flood

Authors Stephen W. Yeo, Russell J. Blong
Year 2010
Journal Name Disasters
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64 Journal Article

Cross-cultural Knowledge and Acceptance of Wastewater Reclamation and Reuse Processes across Select Sites

Authors Rhian Stotts, Alexandra Brewis, Amber Wutich, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name Human Organization
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65 Journal Article

Caught in the Crossfire

Authors Vron Ware
Book Title Military Migrants
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66 Book Chapter

Exploring Sport and Intergroup Relations in Fiji: Guidance for Researchers Undertaking Short-Term Ethnography

Authors Jack Thomas Sugden, Nico Schulenkorf, Daryl Adair, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT JOURNAL
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67 Journal Article

Racial formation, coloniality, and climate finance organizations: Implications for emergent data projects in the Pacific

Authors Kirsty Anantharajah
Year 2021
Journal Name BIG DATA & SOCIETY
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68 Journal Article

Disaster Preparedness and the Abeyance of Agency: Christian Responses to Tropical Cyclone Winston in Fiji

Authors John Cox, Renata Varea, Glenn Finau, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name Anthropological Forum
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69 Journal Article

Everyday multiculturalism: catching the bus in Darwin, Australia

Authors Michele Lobo
Year 2014
Journal Name Social & Cultural Geography
Citations (WoS) 25
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70 Journal Article

University Education and Migration Experiences in the South Pacific Region: Survey of Tongans in Fiji

Authors Raelyn Lolohea ESAU
Year 2005
Journal Name Geographical Review of Japan
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71 Journal Article

Trends in International and Internal Teacher Mobility in Three Pacific Island Countries

Authors R Iredale, SE Khoo, Carmen Voigt-Graf
Year 2015
Journal Name International Migration
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72 Journal Article

The migration of doctors and nurses from south pacific island nations

Authors RPC Brown, J Connell
Year 2004
Journal Name Social Science & Medicine
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73 Journal Article

One Size Does Not Fit All: Diabetes Prevalence Among Immigrants of the South Asian Diaspora

Authors Ananya Tina Banerjee, Baiju Shah
Year 2020
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
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74 Journal Article

Globalisation and cultural change in Pacific Island countries: the role of tourism

Authors Denis Tolkach, Stephen Pratt
Year 2019
Journal Name Tourism Geographies
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75 Journal Article

Anger and Sadness: Gendered Emotional Responses to Climate Threats in Four Island Nations

Authors Margaret du Bray, Alexandra Brewis, Amber Wutich, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name Cross-Cultural Research
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76 Journal Article

What determines migration flows from low-income to high-income countries? An empirical investigation of Fiji-U.S. migration 1972-2001

Authors PARESH KUMAR NARAYAN, RUSSELL SMYTH
Year 2006
Journal Name Contemporary Economic Policy,
Citations (WoS) 33
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79 Journal Article

The Role of Social Capital in Post-Flood Response and Recovery among Downstream Communities of the Ba River, Western Viti Levu, Fiji Islands

Authors Othniel Yila, Eberhard Weber, Andreas Neef
Year 2013
Book Title Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management
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80 Book Chapter

Trading Citizenship, Human Capital and the European Union

Authors David Owen
Book Title Debating transformations of national citizenship
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82 Book Chapter

Seeing slavery in seafood supply chains

Authors Katrina Nakamura, Ganapathiraju Pramod, Lori Bishop, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name SCIENCE ADVANCES
Citations (WoS) 2
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83 Journal Article

MACIMIDE Global Expatriate Dual Citizenship Database

Description
The MACIMIDE Global Expatriate Dual Citizenship Dataset charts the rules that existed in near all states of the world since 1960 with regard to the loss or renunciation of citizenship after a citizen of a respective state voluntarily acquires the citizenship of another state. The central variable of the Dataset is the dualcit_cat variable. This is a categorical variable whose values may be used to interpret, in broad lines, the position of a country with regards to the expatriate dual citizenship. The dualcit_cat variable reflects what consequences the legislation and legal practice of a country attaches to the voluntary acquisition of a foreign citizenship. The value of this variable depends on a number of criteria, including whether a citizen of the reference country who voluntarily obtains a foreign citizenship automatically loses – in principle – the citizenship of the origin country, and whether a citizen of the reference country can renounce that citizenship. The value assigned to dualcit_cat reflects the position of the country on the 1st of January of the reference year. Any subsequent changes in legislation will be reflected in the dualcit_cat value of the following year and included in updated versions of the Dataset. The dualcit_binary variable is a recoding of the dualcit_cat variable. This variable can be used for broad comparisons of the dual citizenship positions around the world. The possible values reflect whether the legislation of a country, in a given reference year, provides for the automatic loss of the origin citizenship (1) or not (2). All data have been centrally collected and refer to specific provisions in national law.
Year 2018
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84 Data Set

World Population Policies Database

Description
Since the mid-1970s, the World Population Policies Database, last updated in 2015, provides comprehensive and up-to-date information on the population policy situation and trends for all Member States and non-member States of the United Nations. Among several areas, the database shows the evolution of government views and policies with respect to internal and international migration. The migration strand covers internal migration, immigration, emigration, and return. The Database is updated biennially by conducting a detailed country-by-country review of national plans and strategies, programme reports, legislative documents, official statements and various international, Inter-governmental and non-governmental sources, as well as by using official responses to the United Nations Inquiry among Governments on Population and Development.
Year 2015
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85 Data Set

Determinants of International Migration: A Theoretical and Empirical Assessment of Policy, Origin and Destination Effects (DEMIG - POLICY)

Description
DEMIG POLICY tracks more than 6,500 migration policy changes enacted by 45 countries around the world mostly in the 1945-2013 period. The policy measures are coded according to the policy area and migrant group targeted, as well as the change in restrictiveness they introduce in the existing legal system. The database allows for both quantitative and qualitative research on the long-term evolution and effectiveness of migration policies. DEMIG POLICY was compiled between 2010 and 2014 as part of the DEMIG project (Determinants of International Migration: A Theoretical and Empirical Assessment of Policy, Origin and Destination Effects). It tracks 6,500 migration policy changes (both immigration and emigration) in 45 countries, most of them enacted in the 1945-2013 period. DEMIG POLICY assesses for each policy measure whether it represents a change towards more restrictiveness (coded +1) or less restrictiveness (coded -1) within the existing legal system. Besides this main assessment of change in restrictiveness, every policy change is also coded according to the policy area (border control, legal entry, integration, exit), policy tool (recruitment agreements, work permit, expulsion, quota, regularization, resettlement, carrier sanctions, etc.), migrant group (low- and high-skilled workers, family members, refugees, irregular migrants, students etc.) and migrant origin (all foreign nationalities, EU citizens, specific nationalities etc.) targeted. The database has been compiled by the DEMIG team, in particular by Katharina Natter, Simona Vezzoli and Hein de Haas, and reviewed by national migration policy experts.
Year 2013
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86 Data Set

Shin’s Immigration Policy index

Description
The Immigration Policy Index builds on and expands the dataset constructed by Peters (2015). It analyses the immigration policies of 29 countries from 1783 to 2013. The immigration policy index is a factor score based on 12 dimensions of immigration openness. Each dimension takes a score ranging from 1 to 5, with the latter indicating a more liberal policy stance toward immigrants. The final factor score covers a variety of immigration regulations and laws that seek to control immigration flows by screening potential immigrants
Year 2013
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87 Data Set

Index of controlled/competitive skilled immigrant workers programmes (Lowell)

Description
The Index addresses the admission programmes/policies for temporary and permanent high-skilled workers in 2001. The author presents two sub-indexes and one index: index of policies for temporary high-skilled workers and index for permanent high-skilled workers, and combined index of skilled immigrant competitiveness. Twelve countries are chosen, including the traditional countries of immigration (Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States), the major European receiving countries (France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Spain, and United Kingdom), South Africa and Japan. A list of comparative criteria is created for admission policies: Hard numerical caps; Strict labour market test; Extensive labour protections; Enforcement mechanisms; Limited employer portability; Restriction on dependents / working spouse; Limited permanency rights. A four point scale is used with a “4” being highly controlled and a “1” being highly competitive; and there are intermediate rankings of minimally (2 points) and moderately (3 points) controlled. The rankings are based on the addition of all points for each of the elements just described above, but converted into an index with the most “controlled” country given a value of 100.
Year 2011
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88 Data Set

Peters's indicators/index

Description
The author developed a set of indicators on immigration policies. Data covers 19 countries from the late 18th century through the early 21st century. This is one of the few datasets on immigration policy and is the only one to cover the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries. Immigration policy is an amalgam of several policies, including policies that regulate who gains entry to the state (border regulations), what rights immigrants receive (immigrant rights) and how the border is enforced (enforcement). Within each of these three categories, states have used numerous policy substitutes, that can be sorted in 12 dimensions. Eight of the dimensions regulate entrance to the state, of which four, work prohibitions, family reunification, refugee and asylee policy, could also be considered rights; two cover immigrant rights and two cover enforcement. Each dimension was coded from 1 to 5, with greater restrictions taking lower values. To combine these different policies into a single measure, the author used principal components analysis. The analysis revealed that these dimensions created two different factors: immigration policy and rights of immigrants. The first factor, immigration policy, places more weight on nationality, skill, recruitment, quotas, enforcement and deportation policies than the second, rights of immigrants, which places more weight on family reunification, refugee, asylee, citizenship, rights and work prohibition policies.
Year 2010
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89 Data Set

UN Inquiry on population and development - International Migration

Description
The Inquiry gathers critically important data for monitoring the implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and other international agreements, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Inquiry, mandated by the General Assembly in its resolution 1838 (XVII) of 18 December 1962, has been conducted by the Secretary-General at regular intervals since 1963. The Twelfth Inquiry consists of multiple-choice questions, organized in three thematic modules: Module I on population ageing and urbanization; Module II on fertility, family planning and reproductive health; and Module III on international migration. In 1994, Member States attending the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo agreed that “population-related goals and policies are integral parts of cultural, economic and social development” and recommended that actions be taken “to measure, assess, monitor and evaluate progress towards meeting the goals of its Programme of Action”. The year 2019 will mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Cairo conference and adoption of the ICPD Programme of Action, which continues to provide crucial guidance for addressing the fundamental development challenges facing the world today. Population issues are also at the core of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted in 2015. The United Nations Inquiry among Governments on Population and Development (the “Inquiry”) gathers critically important data for monitoring the implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action and other international agreements, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Inquiry, mandated by the General Assembly in its resolution 1838 (XVII) of 18 December 1962, has been conducted by the Secretary-General at regular intervals since 1963. The most recent Inquiry, the Eleventh, was implemented in 2014.
Year 2010
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90 Data Set

Vikhrov's visa index

Description
The index is based on three types of entry visa restrictions: visa required, visa not required for short stays and visa not required. The author identifies country pairs which changed their visa regime during 1998–2010. This immigration policy index is constructed for all countries and territories in the world for both March 1998 and November 2009. This index is heterogeneous across destination and origin countries as well as over time.
Year 2009
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91 Data Set

Index of Citizenship Rights for Immigrants (ICRI)

Description
The Index addresses the factors shaping the granting of rights of individual equality and recognition of cultural differences by nation-states to immigrants. The index considers rights in the eight thematic fields of nationality acquisition, family reunification, expulsion, anti-discrimination, public-sector employment for non-nationals, political rights for non-nationals, cultural rights in education, as well as other cultural and religious rights. Theoretically, these rights for immigrants are classified according to two dimensions that partly cross-cut the eight thematic fields. The first dimension captures the inclusiveness of a country's understanding of citizenship. The second dimension shows how countries deal with cultural and religious diversity. The index is based on 44 policy indicators, 21 pertaining to the individual equality dimension and 23 to the cultural difference dimension. All indicators are coded on a scale running from -1 (most restrictive) to +1 (most inclusive), and the same, therefore, also holds for the averaged scores. The project is based on original data drawn from policy documents, legal texts, secondary literature, internet websites, and expert information. The qualitative information from these sources is transformed into ordinal codes, classifying policies as more or less restrictive in terms of the extent and accessibility of rights for immigrants. In the first phase of the project data have been gathered for ten North-Western European countries for four measurement years: 1980, 1990, 2002, and 2008. In a second phase, data was collected for four classical anglo-saxon settler countries as well as for additional Eastern and Southern European countries, Middle Eastern, East Asian, African and South American countries. As a result, data is now available for 29 countries for the year 2008.
Year 2008
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92 Data Set

Diaspora Engagment Policies

Description
Based on review of documentary sources on state-emigrant relations, the dataset reviews how 64 states relate to their diasporas. It shows how states constitute various extra-territorial groups as members of a loyal diaspora, through a diverse range of institutions and practices. Three higher-level types of diaspora engagement policy are identified: 1 - capacity building policies, aimed at discursively producing a state-centric ‘transnational national society’, and developing a set of corresponding state institution; 2 - extending rights to the diaspora, thus playing a role that befits a legitimate sovereign, and 3 - extracting obligations from the diaspora, based on the premise that emigrants owe loyalty to this legitimate sovereign.
Year 2008
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93 Data Set

Global Migration Barometer

Description
Western Union commissioned the Economist Intelligence Unit to compile a migration index that ranks 61 countries by how attractive and accessible they are for migrants (the Global Migration Barometer), with a separate assessment of their need for migrants. The Economist Intelligence Unit developed the methodology behind the index, collected the data and scored the countries, with input from Western Union and an independent panel of migration experts. The index has been produced for 61 developed and emerging markets using a standard analytical framework. The model used to generate the index employs indicators that reflect the standard of living and economic development of a country, legislative policy and attitudes towards migration, and demographics and social welfare commitments. Many of the 32 indicators used to generate the index are based on quantitative data and have been drawn from national and international statistical sources. The others are qualitative in nature and have been produced by the Economist Intelligence Unit. Each of the indicators has been adjusted and weighted to produce a score of 0 to 100, where 100 represents the highest attractiveness, accessibility or need for migrants.
Year 2007
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94 Data Set
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