Bahrain

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A Historical Study on The Kingdom of Bahrain: The importance of the Site and Its Role in Bahrain's Modern and Contemporary History

Authors Mohammad Abdul-Hadi Saleh Al-Jazi
Year 2020
Journal Name TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH
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1 Journal Article

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Bahrain, 2000 through 2010

Authors Essam M. Janahi
Year 2014
Journal Name PLOS ONE
Citations (WoS) 12
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2 Journal Article

Regenerating urban traditions in Bahrain. Learning from Bab-Al-Bahrain: the authentic fake

Authors Ali A. Alraouf
Year 2010
Journal Name JOURNAL OF TOURISM AND CULTURAL CHANGE
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3 Journal Article

THE ROLE OF LABOR RESOURCES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE BAHRAIN ECONOMY

Authors Irina Ahmed Zayn Aydrus, Sergey Ryazantsev, Igor Y. Bogdanov, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name AMAZONIA INVESTIGA
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4 Journal Article

Demography, migration, and the labour market in Bahrain

Authors Françoise DE BEL-AIR
Description
Mid-2013, estimates of Bahrain s population stood at 1,253,191 persons, of whom 638,361 (51 per cent) were foreign nationals. Most were from Asia (85 per cent) and especially from India (half of all foreign residents). Eighty per cent of expatriates are employed. They account for 77 per cent of the employed population and 81 per cent of the private sector s workforce. Asians are overwhelmingly involved in services and blue collar occupations, while Arabs more often fill managerial posts. Immigration flows to the Kingdom increased significantly over the 2000s, fuelled by high oil prices and the ensuing boom in the construction and services sectors. This demonstrates the difficulty to reconcile labour reforms, and especially, the Bahrainisation of the work force, with the maximisation of economic productivity.
Year 2015
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5 Report

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN EXPOSURE TO MEDIA AND BODY WEIGHT CONCERN AMONG FEMALE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN FIVE ARAB COUNTRIES: A PRELIMINARY CROSS-CULTURAL STUDY

Authors Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, Mariam Al-Mannai
Year 2014
Journal Name Journal of Biosocial Science
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6 Journal Article

The legal framework of the sponsorship systems of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries : a comparative examination

Authors Maysa ZAHRA
Description
The sponsorship system of the Arab Gulf countries comprises rules and regulations that tie the residence of a migrant worker to his/her sponsor in the country. This paper offers an in-depth examination of the legal framework of the sponsorship system of the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) ヨ Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman and the United Arab Emirates. It looks at different aspects of the system starting with the requirement for sponsorship and ending with the rules on absconding and repatriation.
Year 2015
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7 Report

Gender Dynamics from an Arab Perspective: Intercultural Service Encounters

Authors Marryam Khan, Heejung Ro, Amy M. Gregory, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name CORNELL HOSPITALITY QUARTERLY
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8 Journal Article

Socioeconomic Achievement Among Arab Immigrants in the USA: The Influence of Region of Origin and Gender

Authors Abdi M. Kusow, Kristine J. Ajrouch, Mamadi K. Corra, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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9 Journal Article

A new era for labour migration in the GCC?

Authors Philip Martin, Froilan T. Malit
Year 2017
Journal Name Migration Letters
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10 Journal Article

The Middle East's majority problems: minoritarian regimes and the threat of democracy

Authors Omar M. Dajani
Year 2015
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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11 Journal Article

Skilful survivals : irregular migration to the Gulf

Authors Philippe FARGUES, Nasra M. SHAH
Year 2017
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12 Book

Citizenship and migration in Arab Gulf monarchies

Authors J. Sater
Year 2014
Journal Name Citizenship Studies
Citations (WoS) 9
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13 Journal Article

Labor Camp Surveys in GCC Countries: Group Quarter Subsampling

Authors Kien Trung Le, Abdoulaye Diop, Stacy Pancratz
Year 2019
Journal Name FIELD METHODS
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14 Journal Article

Minority politics in the Middle East and North Africa: the prospects for transformative change

Authors Eva Pfoestl, Will Kymlicka, Eva Pföstl
Year 2015
Journal Name Ethnic and Racial Studies
Citations (WoS) 3
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15 Journal Article

City of Strangers: Gulf Migration and the Indian Community in Bahrain by Andrew M. Gardner

Authors AHMED KANNA
Year 2012
Journal Name American Ethnologist
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17 Journal Article

Immigrant Communities and Civil War

Authors David D. Laitin, DD Laitin
Year 2009
Journal Name International Migration Review
Citations (WoS) 8
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18 Journal Article

Trading Citizenship, Human Capital and the European Union

Authors David Owen
Book Title Debating transformations of national citizenship
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20 Book Chapter

Migrant Knowledge Workers’ Perceptions of Housing Conditions in Gulf Cities

Authors Ashraf M. Salama, Florian Wiedmann, Hatem G. Ibrahim
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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22 Journal Article

MACIMIDE Global Expatriate Dual Citizenship Database

Description
The MACIMIDE Global Expatriate Dual Citizenship Dataset charts the rules that existed in near all states of the world since 1960 with regard to the loss or renunciation of citizenship after a citizen of a respective state voluntarily acquires the citizenship of another state. The central variable of the Dataset is the dualcit_cat variable. This is a categorical variable whose values may be used to interpret, in broad lines, the position of a country with regards to the expatriate dual citizenship. The dualcit_cat variable reflects what consequences the legislation and legal practice of a country attaches to the voluntary acquisition of a foreign citizenship. The value of this variable depends on a number of criteria, including whether a citizen of the reference country who voluntarily obtains a foreign citizenship automatically loses – in principle – the citizenship of the origin country, and whether a citizen of the reference country can renounce that citizenship. The value assigned to dualcit_cat reflects the position of the country on the 1st of January of the reference year. Any subsequent changes in legislation will be reflected in the dualcit_cat value of the following year and included in updated versions of the Dataset. The dualcit_binary variable is a recoding of the dualcit_cat variable. This variable can be used for broad comparisons of the dual citizenship positions around the world. The possible values reflect whether the legislation of a country, in a given reference year, provides for the automatic loss of the origin citizenship (1) or not (2). All data have been centrally collected and refer to specific provisions in national law.
Year 2018
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23 Data Set

World Population Policies Database

Description
Since the mid-1970s, the World Population Policies Database, last updated in 2015, provides comprehensive and up-to-date information on the population policy situation and trends for all Member States and non-member States of the United Nations. Among several areas, the database shows the evolution of government views and policies with respect to internal and international migration. The migration strand covers internal migration, immigration, emigration, and return. The Database is updated biennially by conducting a detailed country-by-country review of national plans and strategies, programme reports, legislative documents, official statements and various international, Inter-governmental and non-governmental sources, as well as by using official responses to the United Nations Inquiry among Governments on Population and Development.
Year 2015
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24 Data Set

Labour immigration and labour markets in the GCC countries: national patterns and trends

Description
Using the latest statistical data from six GCC states and recent publications of the GCC Secretariat, a detailed profile is presented of immigration and employment across the region. Evaluation is made of the available data sources (listed in the appendix) and the actual extent of immigrant presence in both population and labour market is critically examined. Employment according to public/private sector, and also for fifteen economic sectors, is shown for each country (where available) by citizenship type and gender. Previously unpublished indicators, such as unemployment and participation rates, are calculated where possible by citizenship type, gender and age groups; a few countries provide data on actual nationalities or regional groupings of foreign employees, and these are reproduced here. Previously neglected issues that receive some attention are foreign births, family presence, foreign schoolchildren and duration of residence (the latter available only for the UAE). The emergence of the kafala system is examined in historical context; in particular, emphasis is placed on its role in promoting irregularities in the migration, residence and employment of foreigners across the GCC. Trends in government policies are described, including the recent and significant doubts in some countries about the ability of the kafala system to produce satisfactory outcomes. Some attention is paid to the important policies of nationalization’ of GCC labour markets: a conceptual categorization of such policies is made, according to five different policy objectives. Using both the broad and more detailed sectoral employment data previously presented, evaluation is then made of the degree of success of each country’s initiatives in this area. The paper concludes with an exposition of the commonalities and differences across the GCC in managing their labour markets and immigration. The structural specificities of each country are outlined, along with tentative prognoses of their future needs for immigrant workers.
Year 2011
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25 Report

UN Inquiry on population and development - International Migration

Description
The Inquiry gathers critically important data for monitoring the implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and other international agreements, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Inquiry, mandated by the General Assembly in its resolution 1838 (XVII) of 18 December 1962, has been conducted by the Secretary-General at regular intervals since 1963. The Twelfth Inquiry consists of multiple-choice questions, organized in three thematic modules: Module I on population ageing and urbanization; Module II on fertility, family planning and reproductive health; and Module III on international migration. In 1994, Member States attending the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo agreed that “population-related goals and policies are integral parts of cultural, economic and social development” and recommended that actions be taken “to measure, assess, monitor and evaluate progress towards meeting the goals of its Programme of Action”. The year 2019 will mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Cairo conference and adoption of the ICPD Programme of Action, which continues to provide crucial guidance for addressing the fundamental development challenges facing the world today. Population issues are also at the core of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted in 2015. The United Nations Inquiry among Governments on Population and Development (the “Inquiry”) gathers critically important data for monitoring the implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action and other international agreements, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Inquiry, mandated by the General Assembly in its resolution 1838 (XVII) of 18 December 1962, has been conducted by the Secretary-General at regular intervals since 1963. The most recent Inquiry, the Eleventh, was implemented in 2014.
Year 2010
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26 Data Set

Vikhrov's visa index

Description
The index is based on three types of entry visa restrictions: visa required, visa not required for short stays and visa not required. The author identifies country pairs which changed their visa regime during 1998–2010. This immigration policy index is constructed for all countries and territories in the world for both March 1998 and November 2009. This index is heterogeneous across destination and origin countries as well as over time.
Year 2009
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27 Data Set
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