The New Pact on Migration and Asylum calls on further international cooperation with third countries to address migrant and refugee movements to Europe. Cooperation includes the so-called “legal pathways to protection”, such as resettlement and community sponsorship schemes, and “labour mobility schemes”, such as European and national programmes to attract high-skilled or seasonal workers. How can the different legal venues be implemented effectively? On international protection, how can the EU and Member states reconcile a right-based approach with a border-management approach to developing legal pathways? How does external cooperation with third countries on legal pathways interact with the internal stalemate of the Common European Asylum System and Schengen?