Research
Database

This constantly growing database accumulates and structures
relevant knowledge in the field of migration.

Showing page of 63 results, sorted by

Anxiety about HIV criminalisation among people living with HIV in Australia

Year 2021
Journal Name AIDS CARE-PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIO-MEDICAL ASPECTS OF AIDS/HIV
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1 Journal Article

Strategic litigation: the role of EU and international law in criminalising humanitarianism

Authors Carmine Conte, Seán Binder, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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4 Policy Brief

Excesses and double standards: migrant prostitutes, sovereignty and exceptions in contemporary Italy

Authors Irene Peano
Year 2012
Journal Name Modern Italy
5 Journal Article

Beyond the criminalisation of migration: a non-western perspective

Authors Jean Pierre Cassarino
Year 2018
Journal Name International Journal of Migration and Border Studies
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6 Journal Article

Alternatives to Detention at a Crossroads: Humanisation or Criminalisation?

Authors Alice Bloomfield
Year 2016
Journal Name Refugee Survey Quarterly
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8 Journal Article

Beyond the criminalisation of migration: a non-western perspective

Authors Jean Pierre Cassarino
Year 2018
Journal Name International Journal of Migration and Border Studies
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10 Journal Article

Fit for purpose? : the Facilitation Directive and the criminalisation of humanitarian assistance to irregular migrants : 2018 update

Authors Sergio CARRERA, Gabriella SANCHEZ, Lina VOSYLIUTE, ...
Description
This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, aims to update the 2016 study “Fit for purpose? The Facilitation Directive and the criminalisation of humanitarian assistance to irregular migrants”. It takes stock of and examines the latest developments that have taken place since 2016, specifically the legislative and policy changes, along with various forms and cases of criminalisation of humanitarian actors, migrants’ family members and basic service providers. The study uses the notion of ‘policing humanitarianism’ to describe not only cases of formal prosecution and sentencing in criminal justice procedures, but also wider dynamics of suspicion, intimidation, harassment and disciplining in five selected Member States – Belgium, France, Greece, Hungary and Italy. Policing humanitarianism negatively affects EU citizens’ rights – such as the freedom of assembly, freedom of speech and freedom of conscience. When civil society is effectively (self-)silenced and its accountability role undermined, policies to combat migrant smuggling may be overused and give rise to serious breaches of the EU’s founding values, notably the rule of law, democracy and fundamental rights. Moreover, policing humanitarianism negatively affects wider societal trust and diverts the limited resources of law enforcement from investigating more serious crimes.
Year 2018
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11 Report

Refugees - 'The dark-side of globalisation': the criminalisation of refugees

Authors J Morrison
Year 2001
Journal Name Race & Class
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12 Journal Article

‘Aqui estamos y no nos vamos!’ Global capital and immigrant rights

Authors William I. Robinson, WI Robinson
Year 2006
Journal Name Race & Class
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13 Journal Article

Clandestine migration facilitation and border spectacle: criminalisation, solidarity, contestations

Authors Marta Kolankiewicz, Maja Sager
Year 2021
Journal Name Mobilities
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14 Journal Article

Interception as Criminalisation: The Extension of Interdictive ‘external’ Controls

Authors Vicki Squire
Book Title The Exclusionary Politics of Asylum
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15 Book Chapter

Refugees - 'The dark-side of globalisation': the criminalisation of refugees

Authors J Morrison
Year 2001
Journal Name Race & Class
Citations (WoS) 7
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16 Journal Article

Migrants, borders and the criminalisation of solidarity in the EU

Authors Liz Fekete
Year 2018
Journal Name Race & Class
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17 Journal Article

New European Crimes and Trust-based Policy

Description
'The FIDUCIA project will shed light on a number of distinctively 'new European” criminal acts that have emerged in the last decade as a consequence of technological developments and the increased mobility of populations across Europe. The objective of the project is to develop policy responses to “new” forms of deviant behaviours that are also highly relevant to responding to “conventional” forms of criminality. The FIDUCIA concept stems from the idea that public trust (in latin, 'fiducia') in justice is critically important for social regulation, in that it leads to public acceptance of the legitimacy of institutions of justice and thus compliance with the law. The project will investigate whether a change of direction in criminal policy – from deterrence strategies and penal populism to procedural justice and trust-based policy – is desirable, and in what terms. While traditional research is primarily concerned on “why people break the law”, the focus in FIDUCIA is on “why people obey to the law”. The FIDUCIA consortium will conduct four case studies of new forms of criminality that reflect – in various ways – the development of supra-national structures and processes across Europe. The four crime categories are: a) trafficking of human beings; b) trafficking of goods; c) the criminalisation of migration and ethnic minorities; and d) cyber-crimes. In addition, FIDUCIA will examine questions of criminalisation; assess the importance of public trust in justice and beliefs about the legitimacy of their own criminal justice system; and explore whether trust-based regulation makes sense at a supra-national level. The findings will inform an innovative model of “trust-based” policy with a raft of far-reaching recommendations for politicians and law-makers in Member States and the institutions of the European Union.'
Year 2012
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18 Project

FIDUCIA

Description
"The FIDUCIA project will shed light on a number of distinctively ""new European” criminal acts that have emerged in the last decade as a consequence of technological developments and the increased mobility of populations across Europe. The objective of the project is to develop policy responses to “new” forms of deviant behaviours that are also highly relevant to responding to “conventional” forms of criminality. The FIDUCIA concept stems from the idea that public trust (in latin, ""fiducia"") in justice is critically important for social regulation, in that it leads to public acceptance of the legitimacy of institutions of justice and thus compliance with the law. The project will investigate whether a change of direction in criminal policy – from deterrence strategies and penal populism to procedural justice and trust-based policy – is desirable, and in what terms. While traditional research is primarily concerned on “why people break the law”, the focus in FIDUCIA is on “why people obey to the law”. The FIDUCIA consortium will conduct four case studies of new forms of criminality that reflect – in various ways – the development of supra-national structures and processes across Europe. The four crime categories are: a) trafficking of human beings; b) trafficking of goods; c) the criminalisation of migration and ethnic minorities; and d) cyber-crimes. In addition, FIDUCIA will examine questions of criminalisation; assess the importance of public trust in justice and beliefs about the legitimacy of their own criminal justice system; and explore whether trust-based regulation makes sense at a supra-national level. The findings will inform an innovative model of “trust-based” policy with a raft of far-reaching recommendations for politicians and law-makers in Member States and the institutions of the European Union."
Year 2012
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19 Project

Blurred lines: Detaining asylum seekers in Britain and France

Authors Mary Bosworth, Marion Vannier
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Sociology
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20 Journal Article

Crackdown on NGOs assisting refugees and other migrants

Authors Lina Lina Vosyliūtė, Carmine Conte, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2018
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21 Policy Brief

Sexual Humanitarianism: understanding agency and exploitation in the global sex industry

Description
The humanitarian fight against trafficking in the sex industry legitimizes the enforcement of increasingly restrictive migration laws and controls, which often exacerbate sex workers’ vulnerability to being trafficked. SEXHUM adopts an art-science interdisciplinary approach bringing together visual anthropology, sociology, gender and queer studies and human geography to study the relationship between migration, sex work, exploitation and trafficking. It contextualizes this relationship within the global onset of sexual humanitarianism, a concept coined by the PI. It refers to the ways migrants are increasingly represented, understood and targeted by the media, policymakers and social interventions as vulnerable to exploitation and abuse in relation to their sexual orientation or behaviour. SEXHUM adopts a migration studies perspective and a participative approach to focus on migrant sex workers addressed by sexual humanitarianism as victims of trafficking. It reappraises the concepts of exploitation, slavery and trafficking through the lens of how they are understood and experienced by migrants. The project analyses the global emergence of humanitarian migration governance by examining the impact of sexual humanitarianism across six strategic urban settings in Europe (France – Marseille and Paris), the US (New York and Los Angeles), Australia (Sydney) and New Zealand (Auckland) that are characterized by different policies on migration, sex work (criminalisation, regulation, de-criminalisation) and trafficking. The innovative method developed by the PI combines ethnographic observations, semi-structured interviewing and participative filmmaking to address the narrated as well as the affective, relational and performative dimensions of migrants’ experiences of agency and exploitation. The research will generate needed user-based data on the impact of anti-trafficking initiatives that will be highly relevant to policymaking.
Year 2016
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22 Project

Looking for Some Coherence: Migrants In-between Criminalisation and Protection in Italy

Authors Raffaela Puggioni
Year 2018
Book Title Immigration and Criminal Law in the European Union
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23 Book Chapter

FIDUCIA: New European Crimes and Trust-based Policy

Description
"The FIDUCIA project will shed light on a number of distinctively ""new European” criminal acts that have emerged in the last decade as a consequence of technological developments and the increased mobility of populations across Europe. The objective of the project is to develop policy responses to “new” forms of deviant behaviours that are also highly relevant to responding to “conventional” forms of criminality. The FIDUCIA concept stems from the idea that public trust (in latin, ""fiducia"") in justice is critically important for social regulation, in that it leads to public acceptance of the legitimacy of institutions of justice and thus compliance with the law. The project will investigate whether a change of direction in criminal policy – from deterrence strategies and penal populism to procedural justice and trust-based policy – is desirable, and in what terms. While traditional research is primarily concerned on “why people break the law”, the focus in FIDUCIA is on “why people obey to the law”. The FIDUCIA consortium will conduct four case studies of new forms of criminality that reflect – in various ways – the development of supra-national structures and processes across Europe. The four crime categories are: a) trafficking of human beings; b) trafficking of goods; c) the criminalisation of migration and ethnic minorities; and d) cyber-crimes. In addition, FIDUCIA will examine questions of criminalisation; assess the importance of public trust in justice and beliefs about the legitimacy of their own criminal justice system; and explore whether trust-based regulation makes sense at a supra-national level. The findings will inform an innovative model of “trust-based” policy with a raft of far-reaching recommendations for politicians and law-makers in Member States and the institutions of the European Union."
Year 2012
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24 Project

How moral disengagement facilitates the detention of refugee children and families

Authors Mary Grace Antony
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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25 Journal Article

Living the Perpetual Border: Bordering practices in the lives of Russian-speaking women engaged in commercial sex in Finland

Authors Anastasia Diatlova, Lena Nare, Lena Näre
Year 2018
Journal Name Nordic Journal of Migration Research
27 Journal Article

'No right to dream': the social and economic lives of young undocumented migrants in Britain

Description
What happens to young people at risk of isolation, destitution, exploitation, harassment and criminalisation? In 2007 we commissioned City University's Department of Sociology, working in partnership with the Refugee Studies Centre at Oxford University and the Evelyn Oldfield Unit, to carry out qualitative research into the lives of young undocumented migrants in the UK. The research explored the experiences of young people from China, Turkey (including Kurds), Brazil, Zimbabwe and Ukraine. Researchers drawn from the communities being investigated explored the pathways of the lives of individual young undocumented migrants. One special feature of this work was our commitment to developing both the skills and capacity of individuals from these communities in the UK. In 2009 we published a report based on this work. 'No right to dream' analyses the findings of the field researchers and is interspersed with real-life stories of some of the young people interviewed.
Year 2010
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28 Report

Dispersal as Abjectification: The Diffusion of Punitive ‘Internal’ Controls

Authors Vicki Squire
Book Title The Exclusionary Politics of Asylum
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29 Book Chapter

Children of Latino immigrants framing race: making sense of criminalisation in a colour-blind era

Authors Maria G. Rendón, Adriana Aldana, Laureen D. Hom
Year 2020
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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30 Journal Article

Policy Discourses on Irregular Migration in the EU - ‘Number Games’ and ‘Political Games’

Authors Bastian A. Vollmer
Year 2011
Journal Name European Journal of Migration and Law
Citations (WoS) 24
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31 Journal Article

Living the Perpetual Border:

Authors Anastasia Diatlova, Lena Näre
Year 2018
Journal Name Nordic Journal of Migration Research
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32 Journal Article

Spanish legislation against trafficking in human beings: punitive excess and poor victims assistance

Authors Francisco Javier De Leon
Year 2010
Journal Name CRIME LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE
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33 Journal Article

This is who we are: building community for HIV prevention with young gay and bisexual men in Beirut, Lebanon

Authors Matt G. Mutchler, Glenn J. Wagner, Johnny Tohme, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name Culture, Health & Sexuality
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34 Journal Article

Are We Really Colour-blind? The Normalisation of Mass Female Incarceration

Authors Adele N. Norris
Year 2019
Journal Name Race and Justice
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35 Journal Article

Moralisation and criminalisation: a socio-political history of the expulsion of foreigners in Belgium (1830-1952)

Authors Andrew Crosby
Year 2017
Journal Name International Journal of Migration and Border Studies
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37 Journal Article

Empathy, morality, and criminality: the legitimation narratives of U.S. Border Patrol agents

Authors Irene I. Vega
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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38 Journal Article

Policing the beats: The criminalisation of UK drill and grime music by the London Metropolitan Police

Authors Lambros Fatsis
Year 2019
Journal Name The Sociological Review
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39 Journal Article

Moralisation and criminalisation: a socio-political history of the expulsion of foreigners in Belgium (1830-1952)

Authors Andrew Crosby
Year 2017
Journal Name International Journal of Migration and Border Studies
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40 Journal Article

The Punishment/El Castigo: Undocumented Latinos and US Immigration Processing

Authors Ruth Gomberg-Muñoz, Ruth Gomberg-Munoz
Year 2015
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 4
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41 Journal Article

The spectre that haunts Italy: The systematic criminalisation of the Roma and the fears of the Heartland

Authors Natassa Costi
Year 2010
Journal Name Romani Studies
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42 Journal Article

Two Cheers for the Trafficking Protocol

Year 2015
Journal Name Anti-Trafficking Review
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44 Journal Article

La migration irrégulière de, vers et à travers la Mauritanie : quelques aspects sociopolitiques

Authors Zekeria AHMED-SALEM
Description
La migration irrégulière s’est imposée comme axe de travail pour les autorités publiques mauritaniennes de façon croissante depuis le milieu des années 2000. Les impératifs de la coopération avec l’Europe ont certes été déterminants en la matière. Mais les succès sur le terrain ne doivent pas faire oublier que la conduite de cette politique comporte nombre d’ambigüités et d’ambivalences liées à la politique intérieure d’un pays politiquement instable. Et, de fait, cette thématique de la criminalisation des flux migratoires ne jouit pas de l’adhésion du public et de la société en Mauritanie et ce pour des raisons à la fois structurelles, culturelles et sociopolitiques que l’on a tendance à négliger, bien à tort. Abstract Irregular migration has become a key issue for Mauritania’s public authorities in the last five years with imperatives dictated by cooperation dynamics with Europe defining much of the process. Success on the ground should not disguise the fact though that implementation carries with it numerous numerous ambiguities for the domestic policies of an unstable country. Hence, the “criminalization of migratory flows” does not enjoy the support of the public and society in Mauritania. This is due to neglected structural, cultural and sociopolitical factors.
Year 2010
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45 Report

Struggles against subjection. Implications of criminalization of migration for migrants' everyday lives in Europe

Authors Agnieszka Kubal
Year 2014
Journal Name CRIME LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE
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46 Journal Article

Violences and conflitualities: theoretical elements and current realities in Brazil

Authors Jose Vicente Tavares dos Santos, Elisabeth Mazeron Machado, Liciane Barbosa de Mello, ...
Year 2020
Journal Name ESPACIO ABIERTO
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47 Journal Article

Reframing the Debate on Migration, Development and Human Rights

Authors RD Wise, Humberto Marquez Covarrubias, Ruben Puentes
Year 2013
Journal Name Population, Space and Place
Citations (WoS) 32
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48 Journal Article

Masculinities, Youth and Violence in the Moroccan Underclass: Young Men and Their Future Selves.

Description
Male juvenile delinquency as represented by self-styled tcharmils has been the focus of a moral panic in Morocco over the last years. The tcharmil subculture has gained visibility through a social-media propagated aesthetic that turns the stigma of social disqualification into a source of pride by extolling assertive masculinity, violence, and the transgression of social and religious norms. By adopting consumerist values that overlap with those of more privileged classes, and by frequenting the latter’s urban spaces of leisure, the tcharmil blur social boundaries. The resulting anxieties among the privileged has resulted in public campaigns and police crackdown. MoroccoMasculinities examines the construction of the masculinities of disadvantaged young men in order to understand how gender, class, space and ethnicity intersect in juvenile moral and cultural formations in today’s Morocco. On the one hand, studying the tcharmil subculture reveals how juvenile subjectivities are reshaped by the combined effect of urbanisation, the new media, and state policies interlinked with global systems of regulation such as neo-liberal reforms, restrictions on migratory movements, and the intensification of the struggle against the hashish economy. On the other hand, the study of state reactions to the same subculture allows to highlight changing patterns of criminalisation: the unprecedented emphasis on male delinquency possibly reflects a strategy of discursive de-politicisation of the threats to an established order faced with the challenges of the Arab Spring and its aftermaths.
Year 2017
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49 Project

‘They don’t look like children’: child asylum-seekers, the Dubs amendment and the politics of childhood

Authors Carly McLaughlin
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 5
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50 Journal Article

Politiques d'immigration : criminalisation ou tolérance ?

Year 2003
Journal Name La Pensée de Midi
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51 Journal Article

Incarceration and exposure to internally displaced persons camps associated with reproductive rights abuses among sex workers in northern Uganda

Authors Margaret Erickson, Shira Goldenberg, Josephine Birungi, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF FAMILY PLANNING AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CARE
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52 Journal Article

Prevalence, dynamics and characteristics of forced marriage in Spain

Authors Carolina Villacampa, Nuria Torres
Year 2020
Journal Name CRIME LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE
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53 Journal Article

What’s in a name? ‘Refugees’, ‘migrants’ and the politics of labelling

Authors Tazreena Sajjad
Year 2018
Journal Name Race & Class
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56 Journal Article

Le droit à l’épreuve de la migration irrégulière en Mauritanie

Authors Abderrahman EL YESSA
Description
La Mauritanie est un pays particulièrement perméable aux migrations irrégulières, en raison de sa configuration géographique de territoire passerelle, reliant le Maghreb à l’Afrique subsaharienne. L’étendue des frontières extérieures se conjugue à la carence des moyens pour accentuer le problème de contrôle du territoire. Les accords de libre circulation des personnes conclus avec des Etats de l’espace CEDEAO, compliquent encore la situation, dans la mesure où ils autorisent les citoyens à entrer sans visa. De surcroît, le pays éprouve de sérieuses difficultés dans l’application du dispositif législatif et réglementaire relatif aux migrations. Malgré les efforts entrepris pour les renforcer, les capacités de contrôle des frontières demeurent très limitées. La formation technique des forces de sécurité est insuffisante et les moyens à leur disposition sont dérisoires. De même, il n’existe pas de coordination efficace des services de surveillance des frontières. Il en résulte un contrôle souvent virtuel, alors même que les réseaux de « passeurs » et de trafiquants s’internationalisent, avec l’apparition de « professionnels », disposant de relais et de chaînes logistiques pour accueillir et convoyer les migrants en transit. L’encadrement juridique des migrations irrégulières en Mauritanie, paraît relativement obsolète, puisqu’il remonte pour l’essentiel, aux années soixante et semble peu adapté au développement récent des migrations irrégulières. En outre, l’analyse permet de noter qu’il n’établit qu’une distinction incertaine des différentes catégories de migrants (i). Certes, il existe un dispositif réprimant l’irrégularité (ii), mais il n’y a pas vraiment de procédures formelles de régularisation et de tolérance vis-à-vis des migrants irréguliers (iii). Par ailleurs, on constate un accès aléatoire des travailleurs irréguliers aux droits sociaux (iv) et une répression encore faible, malgré une tendance à la criminalisation (v).
Year 2008
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57 Report

Law and Ethnic Plurality

Authors Prakash Shah
Year 2018
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58 Book

An anthropological investigation of muscular politics in South Asia

Description
Over the past decade, the media, international organisations, as well as policy-making bodies have voiced increasing concern about a growing overlap between the criminal and political spheres in South Asia. Many 'criminal politicians' are accused not simply of embezzlement, but of burglary, kidnapping and murder, so that the observed political landscape emerges not only as a 'corrupt', but also a highly violent sphere. This project is a collaborative and cross-national ethnographic study of the criminalisation of politics in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Bringing together local-level investigation, surveys and historical analysis, the project will produce comprehensive political ethnographies in sixteen sites across the subcontinent, providing empirical material and theoretical directives for further charting of the virtually unexplored terrain of extra-legal muscular politics in the region. Central to the proposed programme of research are the following interrelated objectives: 1) To further develop the method of collaborative political ethnography by designing, collecting and producing case studies which will allow us to write thematically across sites; 2) To generate policy relevant research in the fields of security, conflict, democracy and development; 3) To produce capability by forging an international network of scholars on issues related to democratisation, violence, crime and support the work and careers of the project's 4 Post-docs. The study capitalises on previous research and skills of the PI in the cross-cultural study of democracy and muscular politics in the global South. All members of the research team have expertise in ethnographic research in the difficult spheres of criminal politics, informal economies, and political violence and are hence well and sometimes uniquely equipped to pursue this challenging research thematic.
Year 2012
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60 Project

Asylum Information Database (AIDA)

Description
The Asylum Information Database (AIDA) is a database containing information on asylum procedures, reception conditions and detention across 20 countries. This includes 17 European Union (EU) Member States (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Germany, Spain, France, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, United Kingdom) and 3 non-EU countries (Switzerland, Serbia, Turkey). Country and annual reports, legal briefings and video testimonies of asylum seekers; conduct fact-finding missions to further investigate important protection gaps established through the country reports. The website also allows for a comparison of different types of data related to the asylum procedure, reception conditions and detention among up to three countries. AIDA started as a project (September 2012 – December 2015) of the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE), in partnership with Forum Réfugiés-Cosi, the Hungarian Helsinki Committee and the Irish Refugee Council, and is now developing into a core research and documentation activity of ECRE. The overall goal of the database is to contribute to the improvement of asylum policies and practices in Europe and the situation of asylum seekers by providing all relevant actors with appropriate tools and information to support their advocacy and litigation efforts, both at the national and European level. These objectives are carried out by AIDA through the following activities: - Country reports - AIDA contains national reports documenting asylum procedures, reception conditions and detention in 20 countries. - Comparative reports - AIDA comparative reports provide a thorough comparative analysis of practice relating to the implementation of asylum standards across the countries covered by the database, in addition to an overview of statistical asylum trends and a discussion of key developments in asylum and migration policies in Europe. Annual reports were published in 2013, 2014 and 2015. This year, AIDA comparative reports are published in the form of thematic updates, focusing on the individual themes covered by the database. Thematic reports on reception and asylum procedures were published in March and September 2016 respectively. - Fact-finding visits - AIDA includes the development of fact-finding visits to further investigate important protection gaps established through the country reports, and a methodological framework for such missions. Focus on the reception conditions; transit zone at borders and on issues relating to asylum detention and the criminalisation of irregular entry; looking at registration and the unavailability of accommodation as barriers to access the asylum procedure. - Legal briefings - Legal briefings aim to bridge AIDA research with evidence-based legal reasoning and advocacy. With the assistance of information gathered from country reports, these short papers identify and analyse key issues in EU asylum law and policy and identify potential protection gaps in the asylum acquis. Legal briefings so far cover: (1) Dublin detention; (2) asylum statistics; (3) safe countries of origin; (4) procedural rights in detention; (5) age assessment of unaccompanied children; (6) residence permits for beneficiaries of international protection; and (7) the length of asylum procedures.
Year 2012
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62 Data Set

When “Inclusion” Means “Exclusion”: Discourses on the Eviction and Repatriations of Roma Migrants, at National and European Union Level

Authors Dragos Ciulinaru
Year 2018
Journal Name Journal of International Migration and Integration
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63 Journal Article
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