The new HOME Commissioner has committed in her hearing to look into the criminalisation of humanitarian assistance. The Commission welcomes any inputs to this reflection phase in 2020. ReSOMA partners will be happy to contribute to future EU guidelines and action, Building on Y1 and Y2 of the ReSOMA findings on criminalisation. National authorities are sometimes unclear on the distinctions between what is and is not smuggling, humanitarian assistance and financial gain. Poorly drafted guidelines and codes of conduct that fail to properly make these distinctions can lead to more rather than fewer unfounded prosecutions and greater confusion about the right and obligation to save lives.